Results for 'Karel Kranda'

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  1.  38
    The Inverted Colour Space of Vampires.Karel Kranda - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (6):959-959.
    Palmer's attempt to dust off Locke's construct of “inverted spectrum” is discussed here to examine its plausibility. Perceptual inversion could be fulfilled by adopting the notion of “inverted trichromacy” rather than by the proposed existence of “red-green reversed trichromats.” Although the former alternative conforms to a hypothetical world of vampires, it fails to conform to the realities of genetics and neuroscience.
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  2.  5
    Searching for Models.Karel Kranda - 1988 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (2):299-300.
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  3.  17
    Yoga and the Rg Veda: An Interpretation of the Keśin Hymn : Karel Werner.Karel Werner - 1977 - Religious Studies 13 (3):289-302.
    The mystical experiences of the ṛṣis , the spiritual giants of the early Vedic times, led to the creation of the Vedic hymns and eventually to the formation of the whole elaborate structure of the Vedic religion, as upheld by the Indian priesthood. But there were obviously others who pursued mystical experiences without themselves engaging, like the ancient ṛṣis , in attempts to transmit their experiences through mythological poetry and religious leadership. They adopted mystical ecstasy as their way of life. (...)
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  4. An Introduction to the Philosophy of Science [by] Karel Lambert [and] Gordon G. Brittan. --.Karel Lambert & Gordon G. Brittan - 1970 - Prentice-Hall.
  5.  24
    Note on Deduction Theorems in Contraction‐Free Logics.Karel Chvalovský & Petr Cintula - 2012 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 58 (3):236-243.
    This paper provides a finer analysis of the well-known form of the Local Deduction Theorem in contraction-free logics . An infinite hierarchy of its natural strengthenings is introduced and studied. The main results are the separation of its initial four members and the subsequent collapse of the hierarchy.
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  6. Review: Karel Lambert, Meinong and the Principle of Independence. Its Place in Meinong's Theory of Objects and Its Significance in Contemporary Philosophical Logic. [REVIEW]William J. Rapaport - 1986 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 51 (1):248-252.
    Review of Karel Lambert, Meinong and the Principle of Independence: Its Place in Meinong's Theory of Objects and Its Significance in Contemporary Philosophical Logic.
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  7.  50
    Existential Import Revisited.Karel Lambert - 1963 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 4 (4):288-292.
  8.  7
    Modelling Attention in Man.K. Kranda - 1990 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 13 (2):246-246.
  9.  10
    Philosophical Applications of Free Logic.Karel Lambert (ed.) - 1991 - Oxford University Press.
    Free logic, an alternative to traditional logic, has been seen as a useful avenue of approach to a number of philosophical issues of contemporary interest. In this collection, Karel Lambert, one of the pioneers in, and the most prominent exponent of, free logic, brings together a variety of published essays bearing on the application of free logic to philosophical topics ranging from set theory and logic to metaphysics and the philosophy of religion. The work of such distinguished philosophers as (...)
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  10.  16
    Karel Vasak’s Generations of Rights and the Contemporary Human Rights Discourse.Spasimir Domaradzki, Margaryta Khvostova & David Pupovac - 2019 - Human Rights Review 20 (4):423-443.
    In the late 1970s, when Karel Vasak offered his concept of the three generations of rights, it was inclusive enough to embrace the whole spectrum of existing human rights. Forty years later, this paper explores the nature of contemporary human rights discourse and questions to what extent Vasak’s categorization is still relevant. Our work discusses the evolution of the concept of human rights, the changing dichotomies of national and international, individual and collective, and positive and negative rights. This paper (...)
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  11.  56
    Free Logic: Selected Essays.Karel Lambert - 2002 - Cambridge University Press.
    Free logic is an important field of philosophical logic that first appeared in the 1950s. J. Karel Lambert was one of its founders and coined the term itself. The essays in this collection explore the philosophical foundations of free logic and its application to areas as diverse as the philosophy of religion and computer science. Amongst the applications on offer are those to the analysis of existence statements, to definite descriptions and to partial functions. The volume contains a proof (...)
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  12.  10
    Infinitesimal Analysis Without the Axiom of Choice.Karel Hrbacek & Mikhail G. Katz - 2021 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 172 (6):102959.
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  13.  77
    Free Logic and the Concept of Existence.Karel Lambert - 1967 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 8 (1-2):133-144.
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  14.  14
    Blindsight in the Blind Spot.K. Kranda - 1998 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (6):762-763.
    The filling-in process proposed as a cover up for the existence of the blind spot has some conceptual similarities to blindsight. The perceptual operation of a hypothetical mechanism responsible for filling in represents a logical paradox. The apparent indeterminacy of the percept in the optic-disc region can be tested experimentally by viewing the grating test pattern below.
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  15.  25
    Semantic Organs: The Concept and Its Theoretical Ramifications.Karel Kleisner - 2015 - Biosemiotics 8 (3):367-379.
    Many biologists still believe in a sort of post-Cartesian foundation of reality wherein objects are independent of subjects which cognize them. Recent research in behaviour, cognition, and psychology, however, provides plenty of evidence to the effect that the perception of an object differs depending on the kind of animal observer, and also its personality, hormonal, and sensorial set-up etc. In the following, I argue that exposed surfaces of organisms interact with other organisms’ perception to form semiautonomous relational entities called semantic (...)
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  16. Outline of a Theory of Scientific Understanding.Gerhard Schurz & Karel Lambert - 1994 - Synthese 101 (1):65-120.
    The basic theory of scientific understanding presented in Sections 1–2 exploits three main ideas.First, that to understand a phenomenonP (for a given agent) is to be able to fitP into the cognitive background corpusC (of the agent).Second, that to fitP intoC is to connectP with parts ofC (via arguments in a very broad sense) such that the unification ofC increases.Third, that the cognitive changes involved in unification can be treated as sequences of shifts of phenomena inC. How the theory fits (...)
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  17. Die Norm ist kein Urteil.Karel Engliš - 1964 - Archiv für Rechts-Und Sozialphilosophie 50:305-316.
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  18.  60
    Meinong and the Principle of Independence: Its Place in Meinong's Theory of Objects and its Significance in Contemporary Philosophical Logic.Karel Lambert - 1983 - Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.
    As well as aiming to revive interest in Meinong's thought, this book challenges many of the most widespread assumptions of philosophical logic.
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  19. Filozofické Předpoklady a Důsledky Sortální Identity.Karel Šebela - 2021 - Pro-Fil 22 (1):17.
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  20.  3
    Philosophical Problems in Logic: Some Recent Developments.Karel Lambert (ed.) - 1970 - Dordrecht: Reidel.
    The essays in this volume are based on addresses presented during a colloquium on free logic, modal logic and related areas held at the University of California at Irvine, in May of 1968. With the single exception of Dagfinn F011esdal, whose revised address is included in a recent issue of Synthese honoring W. V. Quine, all of the speakers at the Irvine colloquium are contributors to this volume. Thanks are due to Professor A. I. Melden, Chairman of the Department of (...)
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  21.  36
    The Semantic Morphology of Adolf Portmann: A Starting Point for the Biosemiotics of Organic Form? [REVIEW]Karel Kleisner - 2008 - Biosemiotics 1 (2):207-219.
    This paper develops the ideas of the Swiss zoologist Adolf Portmann or, more precisely, his concept of organic self-representation, wherein Portmann considered the outer surface of living organisms as a specific organ that serves in a self-representational role. This idea is taken as a starting point from which to elaborate Portman’s ideas, so as to make them compatible with the theoretical framework of biosemiotics. Today, despite the many theories that help us understand aposematism, camouflage, deception and other phenomena related to (...)
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  22.  5
    Molecular Revolution in Brazil.Karel Clapshow & Brian Holmes (eds.) - 2007 - Semiotext(E).
    Molecular Revolution in BrazilFélix Guattari and Suely Rolniktranslated by Karel Clapshow and Brian HolmesYes, I believe that there is a multiple people, a people of mutants, a people of potentialities that appears and disappears, that is embodied in social, literary, and musical events.... I think that we're in a period of productivity, proliferation, creation, utterly fabulous revolutions from the viewpoint of this emergence of a people. That's molecular revolution: it isn't a slogan or a program, it's something that I (...)
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  23.  39
    Karel Lambert. Free Logic: Selected Essays. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003. Pp. Xii + 191. ISBN 0-521-81816-8. [REVIEW]Graham Priest - 2003 - Philosophia Mathematica 13 (3):326-328.
  24.  12
    Responding to Attention.K. Kranda - 1991 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (4):762-762.
  25.  3
    On Machines, Self-Organization, and the Global Traveling of Knowledge, Circa 1500–1900.Karel Davids - 2015 - Isis 106 (4):866-874.
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  26.  10
    Full Lambek Calculus with Contraction is Undecidable.Karel Chvalovský & Rostislav Horčík - 2016 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 81 (2):524-540.
  27.  35
    Karel Lambert, Free Logics: Their Foundations, Character, and Some Applications Thereof (Prophil Projekte Zur Philosophie Bd. 1. Eine Schriftenreihe des Forschungsinstituts Philosophie/Technik/Wirtschaft an der Universität Salzburg). Sankt Augustin: Academia-Verlag, 1997. 156 Pp. Asch. 239. ISBN 3-89665-000-9. [REVIEW]Hans-Peter Leeb - 2001 - History and Philosophy of Logic 22:233-236.
    Free logics aim at freeing logic from existence assumptions by making them explicit, e.g., by adding an existence premisse to the antecedence of the classical axiom-schema of Universal Instantiation. Their historical development was motivated by the problem of empty singular terms, and that one of simple statements containing at least one such singular term: what is the referential status of such singular terms and what truth-value, if any, do such statemants have? Free logics can be classified with regard to their (...)
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  28.  11
    The Dual Nature of Mimicry: Organismal Form and Beholder’s Eye.Karel Kleisner & S. Adil Saribay - 2019 - Biosemiotics 12 (1):79-98.
    Mimicry is often cited as a compelling demonstration of the power of natural selection. By adopting signs of a protected model, mimics usually gain a reproductive advantage by minimising the likelihood of being preyed upon. Yet while natural selection plays a role in the evolution of mimicry, it can be doubted whether it fully explains it. Mimicry is mediated by the emergence of formally analogous patterns between unrelated organisms and by the fact that these patterns are meaningfully perceived as similar. (...)
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  29.  2
    The Nature of Argument.Karel Lambert & William Ulrich - 1980 - New York, NY, USA: Upa.
    The authors contend that most contemporary logic textbooks fail the average student because they emphasize the evaluation of arguments over their clarification, assuming that the student already understands what motivations underlie logic.
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  30.  24
    Artefacts, Non-Particulars and Model Particulars1.Karel Thein - 2009 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 16 (4):510-528.
    The paper comments and elaborates upon five pages of P. F. Strawson’s Individuals , together with his ‘Entity and Identity’ and ‘Universals’. The focus is on Strawson’s understanding of individual non-particulars as types or universals, and on his contention that the most obvious non-particular entities are the broadly conceived artefacts including the works of art. The narrow focus is on the implications of Strawson’s suggestion that ‘an appropriate model for non-particulars of these kinds is that of a model particular - (...)
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  31.  16
    Subjectivity and Embodiment of the Event of Appearing in Edmund Husserl.Karel Novotný - 2016 - Dialogue and Universalism 26 (3):169-181.
  32. Karel Kosik, "Dialectics of the Concrete".Mildred Bakan - 1978 - Telos: Critical Theory of the Contemporary 35:242.
     
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  33. LAMBERT, Karel : "The Logical Way of Doing Things". [REVIEW]Thomas Baldwin - 1971 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 22:68.
  34.  9
    On Descendingly Complete Ultrafilters.Karel Prikry - 1973 - In A. R. D. Mathias & H. Rogers (eds.), Cambridge Summer School in Mathematical Logic. New York: Springer Verlag. pp. 459--488.
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  35.  6
    Respect for Personhood: Concrete Implications of a Philosophical Misunderstanding.Karel-Bart Celie & John J. Paris - 2019 - Clinical Ethics 14 (3):146-150.
    Intentionally or not, our clinical practice is informed by our philosophical premises. A subtle misunderstanding can have frequent, though insidious, implications in day-to-day clinical encounters....
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  36.  11
    K Cmorejově kritice.Karel Šebela - 2008 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 15 (1):75-79.
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  37.  15
    Kant a funkcionální teorie predikace.Karel Šebela - 2013 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 20 (1):166-177.
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  38. Karel Kosik's Heideggerian Marxism.Michael E. Zimmerman - 1984 - Philosophical Forum 15 (3):209.
  39.  43
    Set Theory and Definite Descriptions: Four Solutions in Search of a Common Problem.Karel Lambert - 2000 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 60 (1):1-11.
    This paper offers an explanation of the maj or traditions in the logical treatment of definite descriptions as reactions to paradoxical naive definite descriptiontheory. The explanation closely parallels that of various set theories as reactions to paradoxical naive set theory. Indeed, naive set theory is derivable from naive definite description theory given an appropriate definition of set abstracts in terms of definite descriptions.
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  40.  5
    Deviant Logic. Some Philosophical Issues.Karel Lambert - 1978 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 43 (2):377-379.
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  41. Borel Sets and Ramsey's Theorem.Fred Galvin & Karel Prikry - 1973 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 38 (2):193-198.
  42. Ideas sobre la felicidad en las primeras obras de San Agustín.Karel Svoboda - 1959 - Augustinus 4 (14):195-201.
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  43.  39
    Characterizing and Classifying: Explicating a Biological Distinction.Karel Lambert & Peter Simons - 1994 - The Monist 77 (3):315-328.
    Regimentation of an intuitively plausible distinction enhances understanding of that distinction. In Carnap’s words, it is an explication. Properly employed, it is, in the case to be considered, and in almost all others, an indispensable aid to good philosophizing.
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  44.  47
    Towards an Evolutionary Biosemiotics: Semiotic Selection and Semiotic Co-Option. [REVIEW]Timo Maran & Karel Kleisner - 2010 - Biosemiotics 3 (2):189-200.
    In biosemiotics, living beings are not conceived of as the passive result of anonymous selection pressures acted upon through the course of evolution. Rather, organisms are considered active participants that influence, shape and re-shape other organisms, the surrounding environment, and eventually also their own constitutional and functional integrity. The traditional Darwinian division between natural and sexual selection seems insufficient to encompass the richness of these processes, particularly in light of recent knowledge on communicational processes in the realm of life. Here, (...)
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  45. Free Logics.Karel Lambert - 2001 - In Lou Goble (ed.), The Blackwell Guide to Philosophical Logic. Blackwell. pp. 258--279.
  46. Sextus Empiricus' Sceptical Methods.Karel Janáček - 1972 - Praha, Universita Karlova.
  47. The Problem of Time in Canonical Quantization of Relativistic Systems.Karel Kuchar - 1991 - In A. Ashtekar & J. Stachel (eds.), Conceptual Problems of Quantum Gravity. Birkhauser. pp. 141.
     
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  48. Standard Foundations for Nonstandard Analysis.David Ballard & Karel Hrbacek - 1992 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 57 (2):741-748.
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  49.  21
    Robert N. Minor, Bhagavad-Gītā. An Exegetical Commentary. Pp. 504. . Rs. 150. [REVIEW]Karel Werner - 1983 - Religious Studies 19 (2):270-272.
  50.  26
    Donation et essence de l’apparaître. Le concept de phénoménalité chez Jan Patočka et Michel Henry.Karel Novotný, Annabelle Dufourcq & Christophe Perrin - 2017 - Les Etudes Philosophiques 172 (2):267.
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