29 found
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  1.  84
    An Empirical Investigation of the Relationship Between Change in Corporate Social Performance and Financial Performance: A Stakeholder Theory Perspective. [REVIEW]Bernadette M. Ruf, Krishnamurty Muralidhar, Robert M. Brown, Jay J. Janney & Karen Paul - 2001 - Journal of Business Ethics 32 (2):143 - 156.
    Stakeholder theory provides a framework for investigating the relationship between corporate social performance (CSP) and corporate financial performance. This relationship is investigated by examining how change in CSP is related to change in financial accounting measures. The findings provide some support for a tenet in stakeholder theory which asserts that the dominant stakeholder group, shareholders, financially benefit when management meets the demands of multiple stakeholders. Specifically, change in CSP was positively associated with growth in sales for the current and subsequent (...)
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  2.  37
    Organizational Ethics, Individual Ethics, and Ethical Intentions in International Decision-Making.B. Elango, Karen Paul, Sumit K. Kundu & Shishir K. Paudel - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 97 (4):543 - 561.
    This study explores the impact of both individual ethics (IE) and organizational ethics (OE) on ethical intention (EI). Ethical intention, or the individual's intention to engage in ethical behavior, is useful as a dependent variable because it relates to behavior which can be an expression of values, but also is influenced by organizational and societal variables. The focus is on EI in international business decision-making, since the international context provides great latitude in making ethical decisions. Results demonstrate that both IE (...)
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  3.  21
    The Legitimacy of CSR Actions of Publicly Traded Companies Versus Family-Owned Companies.Rajat Panwar, Karen Paul, Erlend Nybakk, Eric Hansen & Derek Thompson - 2014 - Journal of Business Ethics 125 (3):1-16.
    Corporate social responsibility (CSR) is one of the ways through which companies gain legitimacy. However, CSR actions themselves are subject to public skepticism because of increased public awareness of greenwashing and scandalous corporate behavior. Legitimacy of CSR actions is indeed influenced by the actions of the company but also is rooted in the basic cultural values of a society and in the ideologies of evaluators. This study examines the legitimacy of CSR actions of publicly traded forest products companies as compared (...)
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  4.  12
    Markets Without Limits, by Jason Brennan and Peter M. Jaworski.Karen Paul - 2019 - Teaching Philosophy 42 (2):170-171.
  5.  11
    Justice Versus Fairness in the Family Business Workplace: A Socioemotional Wealth Approach.Georges Samara & Karen Paul - 2019 - Business Ethics: A European Review 28 (2):175-184.
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  6.  32
    A Preliminary Investigation Into the Role of Positive Psychology in Consumer Sensitivity to Corporate Social Performance.Robert A. Giacalone, Karen Paul & Carole L. Jurkiewicz - 2005 - Journal of Business Ethics 58 (4):295-305.
    Research on positive psychology demonstrates that specific individual dispositions are associated with more desirable outcomes. The relationship of positive psychological constructs, however, has not been applied to the areas of business ethics and social responsibility. Using four constructs in two independent studies (hope and gratitude in Study 1, spirituality and generativity in Study 2), the relationship of these constructs to sensitivity to corporate social performance (CSCSP) were assessed. Results indicate that all four constructs significantly predicted CSCSP, though only hope and (...)
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  7.  15
    US Consumer Sensitivity to Corporate Social Performance Development of a Scale.Karen Paul, Lori M. Zalka, Meredith Downes, Susan Perry & Shawnta Friday - 1997 - Business and Society 36 (4):408-418.
    This study develops a scale to measure consumer sensitivity to corporate social performance using the factor analysis procedure to generate a valid and reliable 11-item scale. Results from a U.S. sample of M.B.A. students suggest that women are more sensitive to CSP than men and that Democrats are more sensitive to CSP than Republicans. Future research can use this scale to measure the correlation between attitudes toward CSP and actual behavior.
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  8.  15
    The Evolution of Corporate Social Reporting Practices in Mexico.Moriah Meyskens & Karen Paul - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 91 (S2):211 - 227.
    This study analyzes corporate social reporting in Mexico as it has evolved in recent years, expanding and updating a previous study. Two sets of Mexican companies were identified, each of whom had expressed a commitment to corporate social responsibility (CSR) through social responsibility reports and practices on their websites. One set (" first generation") were identified as early adopters of CSR reporting in Mexico by a previous study published in 2006. The second set ("second generation") has adopted CSR reporting practices (...)
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  9.  21
    Political Consequences of Ethical Investing: The Case of South Africa. [REVIEW]Karen Paul & Dominic A. Aquila - 1988 - Journal of Business Ethics 7 (9):691 - 697.
    This paper discusses the economic impact and political consequences of ethical investing, with particular attention to the case of South Africa. The origins of ethical investing are examined, along with the institutions and strategies by which ethical investing operates today. Of immediate relevance to managers is a recent judicial decision upholding Baltimore's divestment ordinance. The discussion concludes with an assessment of the likely consequences of ethical investing for U.S. multinationals in Southern Africa.
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  10.  31
    Where Does Legitimacy Come From? The Role of Company Ownership Type, Perceived Capacity, and Ideology.Karen Paul & Rajat Panwar - 2012 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 23:240-249.
    Business legitimacy is important for any business, especially in times of economic downturn and increased media attention on corporate scandals. However,legitimacy is a quality that comes from society itself, sometimes influenced by the actions or image of the firm, but also rooted in the basic cultural values of the population. This study takes “legitimacy gap” as its dependent variable, defining it as the difference between expected and observed levels of social and environmental performance for both publicly-traded and family-owned business. The (...)
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  11.  36
    Online Business Ethics/Business and Society Courses: Notes on Personal Responsibility From the Virtual Classroom.Karen Paul - 2012 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 23:287-297.
    Online teaching is consistent with the educational tradition of extension and distance learning, but its recent expansion creates new issues, especially in teaching business ethics/business and society. Students, professors, and especially administrators benefit greatly from some aspects of online learning. Online learning has such advantages over the traditional classroom in logistical flexibility and cost efficiency that decision-making may become overly pragmatic. There are special challenges in teaching business ethics/business and society online, as the subject matter requires nuanced judgment rather than (...)
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  12.  15
    Applications of Corporate Social Monitoring Systems; Types, Dimensions, and Goals.Karen Paul & Steven D. Lydenberg - 1992 - Journal of Business Ethics 11 (1):1 - 10.
    This article discusses the development and application of various types of corporate social monitoring systems. Boycotts are a relatively simple form of social monitoring system which aim to produce changes in corporate social behavior. Boycotts may be organized by a single group, or by a number of groups simultaneously. Rating systems may be organized around a single issue, such as the Sullivan Principles rating scheme, or may include multiple companies and multiple issues, such as shopping guides or ethical investment systems.Monitoring (...)
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  13.  30
    Corporate Social Monitoring in South Africa: A Decade of Achievement, an Uncertain Future. [REVIEW]Karen Paul - 1989 - Journal of Business Ethics 8 (6):463 - 469.
    Corporate social monitoring has reached its most systematic form and has had the most practical impact with regard to companies doing business in South Africa. The Sullivan Principles have guided the monitoring system for U.S. companies, of which about 166 remain in South Africa and about 140 have withdrawn. However, corporate social monitoring in South Africa is currently subject to certain tensions. The Rev. Sullivan has called for the withdrawal of U.S. companies, and has himself withdrawn from the monitoring effort.This (...)
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  14.  12
    Corporate Social Monitoring: A Comparison of the Relative Values of Religious Activists and Public Affairs Officers.Krishnamurty Muralidhar, Karen Paul & Bernadette M. Ruf - 1996 - Business and Professional Ethics Journal 15 (2):51-67.
  15.  18
    Corporate Social Responsibility in South Africa.Karen Paul - 1992 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 3:500-519.
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  16.  31
    Two Conflicting Models—Harmonious Relationships and Stakeholder Management—Can They Be Reconciled?Karen Paul & Inge Nickerson - 2009 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 20:296-301.
    This paper presents a comparison of two management models. The first is a prominent Chinese model used in management and encouraged by both traditional cultural practices and modern political statements, often using the term “harmonious relationships.” The second is the stakeholder management model, familiar to most Western management scholars.
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  17. The Inadequacy of Sullivan Reporting.Karen Paul - 1986 - Business and Society Review 57:61-65.
     
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  18.  3
    The Impact of US Sanctions on Japanese Business in South Africa Further Developments in the Internationalization of Social Activism.Karen Paul - 1992 - Business and Society 31 (1):51-57.
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  19.  15
    Stakeholder Theory, Meet Communications Theory: Media Systems Dependency and Community Infrastructure Theory, with an Application to California’s Cannabis/Marijuana Industry.Karen Paul - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 129 (3):705-720.
  20.  17
    The Influence of the JDR 3rd Fund on “Business and Society”: Incorporating Corporate Social Responsibility in the Business Curriculum. [REVIEW]Karen Paul & Peter Dobkin Hall - 1995 - Journal of Business Ethics 14 (9):769 - 779.
    The ideal of corporate social responsibility as a management orientation and as a field of study in business schools was given support by John D. Rockefeller 3rd (JDR 3). He attempted to promote this concept in the Committee on Economic Development and in certain business schools. This attempt was not very effective in academe, due partly to a lack of understanding about how universities function. As a result, an adequate academic infrastructure was slow to develop.
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  21.  7
    The Sources and Implications of Effective Local Boycotts.Dennis J. Gayle & Karen Paul - 1994 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 5:723-732.
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  22.  8
    The Ethics of International Trade: Use of Deviation From Average World Price to Indicate Possible Wrongdoing.Karen Paul, Simon Pak, John Zdanowicz & Peter Curwen - 1994 - Business Ethics Quarterly 4 (1):29-41.
    The measure proposed here, the ratio of the price reported in a given trade to the average world price for that commodity, is based on the average world price for a given commodity reported for all trades between the U.S. and all other countries for a given period. This new measure can be used to enable government agencies to identify trades between U.S. firms or individuals and their counterparts in other countries which are designed to further prohibited activities such as (...)
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  23.  8
    A Stakeholder Approach to Investor Preference.Karen Paul & Abdul Beydoun - 2011 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 22:489-500.
    This study tests the relationship between demographic and psychological variables, particularly positive psychology, and investor preferences. Of thedemographics variables, only gender was related to investor preferences, with women expressing a longer time horizon than men. However, the positive psychology variables of hope and novelty orientation were strongly related to risk tolerance, time horizon, and estate intentions.
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  24.  6
    Business Cycle Effects on Socially Responsible Investment.Karen Paul - 2013 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 24:49-58.
    Socially responsible investing is a significant part of the U.S. equity market. Studies of the relationship between social performance and financialperformance have not considered the effect of business cycles, which is the main topic of this study. An SRI Fund of Funds is compared to the S&P 500 over two complete business cycles from 1991 to 2009. The SRI Fund of Funds had financial performance comparable to the S&P 500 during market contractions, but underperformed during market expansions. The factors associated (...)
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  25.  4
    Business and Society.Karen Paul & Peter Dobkin Hall - 1993 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 4:1121-1132.
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  26.  6
    Cashbuild of South Africa: Company Response to Black Employee Demands.Karen Paul & Allen Zimbler - 1989 - International Journal of Value-Based Management 2 (2):1-15.
  27. Business Environment/Public Policy Problems for the 1980's.Karen Paul - 1982 - Business and Society 21 (1):11-16.
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  28. Corporate Social Monitoring.Karen Paul & Steven D. Lydenberg - 1990 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 1:565-592.
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  29. Using Macroeconomic Theory to Anchor Problems: Ethical Issues and Multinationals.Karen Paul & Otto A. Bremer - forthcoming - Ethics and the Multinational Enterprise: Proceedings of the 6th National Conference on Business Ethics, October 10 and 11, 1985.
     
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