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Karl Christoph Klauer [31]Karl C. Klauer [2]
  1.  14
    The Relevance Effect and Conditionals.Niels Skovgaard-Olsen, Henrik Singmann & Karl Christoph Klauer - 2016 - Cognition 150:26-36.
    More than a decade of research has found strong evidence for P(if A, then C) = P(C|A) (“the Equation”). We argue, however, that this hypothesis provides an overly simplified picture due to its inability to account for relevance. We manipulated relevance in the evaluation of the probability and acceptability of indicative conditionals and found that relevance moderates the effect of P(C|A). This corroborates the Default and Penalty Hypothesis put forward in this paper. Finally, the probability and acceptability of concessive conditionals (...)
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  2.  49
    Relevance Differently Affects the Truth, Acceptability, and Probability Evaluations of ‘and’, ‘but’, ‘Therefore’, and ‘If Then’.Niels Skovgaard-Olsen, David Kellen, Hannes Krahl & Karl Christoph Klauer - 2017 - Thinking and Reasoning (4).
    In this study we investigate the influence of reason-relation readings of indicative conditionals and ‘and’/‘but’/‘therefore’ sentences on various cognitive assessments. According to the Frege-Grice tradition, a dissociation is expected. Specifically, differences in the reason-relation reading of these sentences should affect participants’ evaluations of their acceptability but not of their truth value. In two experiments we tested this assumption by introducing a relevance manipulation into the truth-table task as well as in other tasks assessing the participants’ acceptability and probability evaluations. Across (...)
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  3.  82
    Relevance and Reason Relations.Niels Skovgaard‐Olsen, Henrik Singmann & Karl Christoph Klauer - 2017 - Cognitive Science 41 (S5):1202-1215.
    This paper examines precursors and consequents of perceived relevance of a proposition A for a proposition C. In Experiment 1, we test Spohn's assumption that ∆P = P − P is a good predictor of ratings of perceived relevance and reason relations, and we examine whether it is a better predictor than the difference measure − P). In Experiment 2, we examine the effects of relevance on probabilistic coherence in Cruz, Baratgin, Oaksford, and Over's uncertain “and-to-if” inferences. The results suggest (...)
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  4. Affective Priming: Findings and Theories.Karl Christoph Klauer, Jochen Musch, J. Musch & K. C. Klauer - 2003 - In Jochen Musch & Karl C. Klauer (eds.), The Psychology of Evaluation: Affective Processes in Cognition and Emotion. Lawerence Erlbaum.
  5. New Normative Standards of Conditional Reasoning and the Dual-Source Model.Henrik Singmann, Karl Christoph Klauer & David Over - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  6.  19
    On Belief Bias in Syllogistic Reasoning.Karl Christoph Klauer, Jochen Musch & Birgit Naumer - 2000 - Psychological Review 107 (4):852-884.
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  7. A Common-Coding Account of the Bidirectional Evaluation–Behavior Link.Andreas B. Eder & Karl Christoph Klauer - 2009 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 138 (2):218-235.
  8.  2
    On the Controllability of Evaluative-Priming Effects: Some Limits That Are None.Sarah Teige-Mocigemba & Karl Christoph Klauer - 2013 - Cognition and Emotion 27 (4):632-657.
  9.  46
    Deductive and Inductive Conditional Inferences: Two Modes of Reasoning.Henrik Singmann & Karl Christoph Klauer - 2011 - Thinking and Reasoning 17 (3):247 - 281.
    A number of single- and dual-process theories provide competing explanations as to how reasoners evaluate conditional arguments. Some of these theories are typically linked to different instructions?namely deductive and inductive instructions. To assess whether responses under both instructions can be explained by a single process, or if they reflect two modes of conditional reasoning, we re-analysed four experiments that used both deductive and inductive instructions for conditional inference tasks. Our re-analysis provided evidence consistent with a single process. In two new (...)
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  10.  17
    Common Valence Coding in Action and Evaluation: Affective Blindness Towards Response-Compatible Stimuli.Andreas B. Eder & Karl Christoph Klauer - 2007 - Cognition and Emotion 21 (6):1297-1322.
  11. Dissociating Contingency Awareness and Conditioned Attitudes: Evidence of Contingency-Unaware Evaluative Conditioning.Mandy Hütter, Steven Sweldens, Christoph Stahl, Christian Unkelbach & Karl Christoph Klauer - 2012 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 141 (3):539-557.
  12.  8
    Does Ignoring Lead to Worse Evaluations? A New Explanation of the Stimulus Devaluation Effect.Kerstin Dittrich & Karl Christoph Klauer - 2012 - Cognition and Emotion 26 (2):193-208.
  13.  7
    Behavioral Components of Impulsivity.Christoph Stahl, Andreas Voss, Florian Schmitz, Mandy Nuszbaum, Oliver Tüscher, Klaus Lieb & Karl Christoph Klauer - 2014 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 143 (2):850-886.
  14.  4
    From Sunshine to Double Arrows: An Evaluation Window Account of Negative Compatibility Effects.Karl Christoph Klauer & Kerstin Dittrich - 2010 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 139 (3):490-519.
  15.  2
    On the Normative Justification for Information Gain in Wason's Selection Task.Karl Christoph Klauer - 1999 - Psychological Review 106 (1):215-222.
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  16.  34
    Working Memory Involvement in Propositional and Spatial Reasoning.Karl Christoph Klauer - 1997 - Thinking and Reasoning 3 (1):9 – 47.
    Four experiments assessed the relative involvement of different working memory components in two types of reasoning tasks: propositional and spatial reasoning. Using the secondary-task methodology, visual, central-executive, and phonological loads were realised. Although the involvement of visuospatial resources in propositional reasoning has traditionally been considered to be small, an overall analysis of the present data suggests an alternative account. A theoretical analysis of the pattern of results in terms of Evans' (1984, 1989) twostage theory of reasoning is proposed and tested (...)
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  17. On the Measurement of Criterion Noise in Signal Detection Theory: Reply to Benjamin.David Kellen, Karl Christoph Klauer & Henrik Singmann - 2013 - Psychological Review 120 (3):727-730.
  18.  6
    Conditionals, Individual Variation, and the Scorekeeping Task.Niels Skovgaard-Olsen, David Kellen, Ulrike Hahn & Karl Christoph Klauer - forthcoming - Proceedings of Cognitive Science.
    In this manuscript we study individual variation in the interpretation of conditionals by establishing individual profiles of the participants based on their behavioral responses and reflective attitudes. To investigate the participants’ reflective attitudes we introduce a new experimental paradigm called the Scorekeeping Task, and a Bayesian mixture model tailored to analyze the data. The goal is thereby to identify the participants who follow the Suppositional Theory of conditionals and Inferentialism and to investigate their performance on the uncertain and-to-if inference task.
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  19.  12
    Locational Uncertainty Moderates Affective Congruency Effects in the Evaluative Decision Task.Jochen Musch & Karl Christoph Klauer - 2001 - Cognition and Emotion 15 (2):167-188.
  20. Assessing the Belief Bias Effect with ROCs: Reply to Dube, Rotello, and Heit.Karl Christoph Klauer & David Kellen - 2011 - Psychological Review 118 (1):164-173.
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  21.  8
    Double Dissociations in Visual and Spatial Short-Term Memory.Karl Christoph Klauer & Zengmei Zhao - 2004 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 133 (3):355-381.
  22.  71
    Matching Bias in the Selection Task is Not Eliminated by Explicit Negations.Edgar Erdfelder, Karl Christoph Klauer & Christoph Stahl - 2008 - Thinking and Reasoning 14 (3):281-303.
    The processes that guide performance in Wason's selection task (WST) are still under debate. The matching bias effect in the negations paradigm and its elimination by explicit negations are central arguments against a substantial role for inferential processes. Two WST experiments were conducted in the negations paradigm to replicate the basic finding and to compare effects of implicit and explicit negations. Results revealed robust matching bias in implicit negations. In contrast to previous findings, matching bias was reduced but not eliminated (...)
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  23.  9
    Accounting for Belief Bias in a Mental Model Framework? No Problem! Reply to Garnham and Oakhill.Karl Christoph Klauer & Jochen Musch - 2005 - Psychological Review 112 (2):519-520.
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  24. Correcting for Measurement Error in Detecting Unconscious Cognition: Comment on Draine and Greenwald.Karl Christoph Klauer, Anthony G. Greenwald & Sean C. Draine - 1998 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 127 (3):318-319.
  25.  7
    Controlling the “Uncontrollable”: Faking Effects on the Affect Misattribution Procedure.Sarah Teige-Mocigemba, Barnabas Penzl, Manuel Becker, Laura Henn & Karl Christoph Klauer - 2016 - Cognition and Emotion 30 (8).
  26.  11
    New Developments in Psychological Choice Modeling.Geert de Soete, Hubert Feger & Karl C. Klauer (eds.) - 1989 - Distributors for the United States and Canada, Elsevier Science.
    A selection of 15 papers on choice modeling are presented in this volume.
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  27. On the Measurement of Criterion Noise in Signal Detection Theory: The Case of Recognition Memory.David Kellen, Karl Christoph Klauer & Henrik Singmann - 2012 - Psychological Review 119 (3):457-479.
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  28. Signal Detection and Threshold Modeling of Confidence-Rating ROCs: A Critical Test with Minimal Assumptions.David Kellen & Karl Christoph Klauer - 2015 - Psychological Review 122 (3):542-557.
  29. The Invariance Assumption in Process-Dissociation Models: An Evaluation Across Three Domains.Karl Christoph Klauer, Kerstin Dittrich, Christine Scholtes & Andreas Voss - 2015 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 144 (1):198-221.
  30. The Law of Categorical Judgment Extended: A Note on Rosner and Kochanski.Karl Christoph Klauer & David Kellen - 2012 - Psychological Review 119 (1):216-220.
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  31. Corrigendum to “The Relevance Effect and Conditionals” [Cognition 150 26–36].Niels Skovgaard-Olsen, Henrik Singmann & Karl Christoph Klauer - 2018 - Cognition 170:338.
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  32. Corrigendum to “The Relevance Effect and Conditionals” [Cognition 150 26–36].Niels Skovgaard-Olsen, Henrik Singmann & Karl Christoph Klauer - 2018 - Cognition 170:338.
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