Results for 'Karl J. Fryxell'

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  1.  54
    BDNF Mediates Improvements in Executive Function Following a 1-Year Exercise Intervention.Regina L. Leckie, Lauren E. Oberlin, Michelle W. Voss, Ruchika S. Prakash, Amanda Szabo-Reed, Laura Chaddock-Heyman, Siobhan M. Phillips, Neha P. Gothe, Emily Mailey, Victoria J. Vieira-Potter, Stephen A. Martin, Brandt D. Pence, Mingkuan Lin, Raja Parasuraman, Pamela M. Greenwood, Karl J. Fryxell, Jeffrey A. Woods, Edward McAuley, Arthur F. Kramer & Kirk I. Erickson - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  2. Free-Energy and the Brain.Karl J. Friston & Klaas E. Stephan - 2007 - Synthese 159 (3):417 - 458.
    If one formulates Helmholtz's ideas about perception in terms of modern-day theories one arrives at a model of perceptual inference and learning that can explain a remarkable range of neurobiological facts. Using constructs from statistical physics it can be shown that the problems of inferring what cause our sensory inputs and learning causal regularities in the sensorium can be resolved using exactly the same principles. Furthermore, inference and learning can proceed in a biologically plausible fashion. The ensuing scheme rests on (...)
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  3.  88
    From Cognitivism to Autopoiesis: Towards a Computational Framework for the Embodied Mind.Micah Allen & Karl J. Friston - 2018 - Synthese 195 (6):2459-2482.
    Predictive processing approaches to the mind are increasingly popular in the cognitive sciences. This surge of interest is accompanied by a proliferation of philosophical arguments, which seek to either extend or oppose various aspects of the emerging framework. In particular, the question of how to position predictive processing with respect to enactive and embodied cognition has become a topic of intense debate. While these arguments are certainly of valuable scientific and philosophical merit, they risk underestimating the variety of approaches gathered (...)
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  4.  39
    On Hyperpriors and Hypopriors: Comment on Pellicano and Burr.Karl J. Friston, Rebecca Lawson & Chris D. Frith - 2013 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 17 (1):1.
  5.  43
    Degeneracy and Redundancy in Cognitive Anatomy.Karl J. Friston & Cathy J. Price - 2003 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 7 (4):151-152.
  6. Hallucinations and Perceptual Inference.Karl J. Friston - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (6):764-766.
    This commentary takes a closer look at how “constructive models of subjective perception,” referred to by Collerton et al. (sect. 2), might contribute to the Perception and Attention Deficit (PAD) model. It focuses on the neuronal mechanisms that could mediate hallucinations, or false inference – in particular, the role of cholinergic systems in encoding uncertainty in the context of hierarchical Bayesian models of perceptual inference (Friston 2002b; Yu & Dayan 2002).
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  7.  37
    Autobiography and Historical Consciousness.Karl J. Weintraub - 1975 - Critical Inquiry 1 (4):821-848.
    An autobiographic instinct may be as old as Man Writing; but only since 1800 has Western Man placed a premium on autobiography. A bibliography of all autobiographic writing prior to that time would be a small fascicule; a bibliography since 1800 a thick tome. The ground behind this simpleminded assertion of a quantitative measure cannot be explained away by easy reference to the mass literacy of the modern world or the greater ease of publishing. It is as much a fact (...)
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  8.  48
    Consciousness, Dreams, and Inference: The Cartesian Theatre Revisited.J. Allan Hobson & Karl J. Friston - 2014 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 21 (1-2):6-32.
    This paper considers the Cartesian theatre as a metaphor for the virtual reality models that the brain uses to make inferences about the world. This treatment derives from our attempts to understand dreaming and waking consciousness in terms of free energy minimization. The idea here is that the Cartesian theatre is not observed by an internal audience but furnishes a theatre in which fictive narratives and fantasies can be rehearsed and tested against sensory evidence. We suppose the brain is driven (...)
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  9.  2
    The Pragmatic Turn: Toward Action-Oriented Views in Cognitive Science.Andreas K. Engel, Karl J. Friston & Danica Kragic (eds.) - 2016 - MIT Press.
    Cognitive science is experiencing a pragmatic turn away from the traditional representation-centered framework toward a view that focuses on understanding cognition as "enactive." This enactive view holds that cognition does not produce models of the world but rather subserves action as it is grounded in sensorimotor skills. In this volume, experts from cognitive science, neuroscience, psychology, robotics, and philosophy of mind assess the foundations and implications of a novel action-oriented view of cognition. Their contributions and supporting experimental evidence show that (...)
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  10.  72
    Modes or Models: A Critique on Independent Component Analysis for fMRI.Karl J. Friston - 1998 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 2 (10):373-375.
  11.  20
    Storm and Stress Anthropology.Karl J. Fink - 1993 - History of the Human Sciences 6 (1):51-71.
  12.  69
    Degeneracy and Cognitive Anatomy.Cathy J. Price & Karl J. Friston - 2002 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 6 (10):416-421.
  13.  3
    Karl J Fink, Goethe's History of Science, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991, Pp Xii + 242, Hb £32.50.M. J. Petry - 1994 - Hegel Bulletin 15 (2):84-86.
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  14.  6
    Deducing Plant Function From Organic Form: Challenges and Pitfalls.Karl J. Niklas - 2009 - In Manfred Laubichler & Jane Maienschein (eds.), Form and Function in Developmental Evolution. Cambridge University Press. pp. 47--82.
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  15.  8
    Examining the Continuity Between Life and Mind: Is There a Continuity Between Autopoietic Intentionality and Representationality?Wanja Wiese & Karl J. Friston - 2021 - Philosophies 6 (18):18.
    A weak version of life-mind continuity thesis entails that every living system also has a basic mind. The strong version entails that the same concepts that are sufficient to explain basic minds are also central to understanding non-basic minds. We argue that recent work on the free energy principle supports the following claims with respect to the life-mind continuity thesis: there is a strong continuity between life and mind; all living systems can be described as if they had representational states; (...)
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  16.  19
    Hierarchical Active Inference: A Theory of Motivated Control.Giovanni Pezzulo, Francesco Rigoli & Karl J. Friston - 2018 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 22 (4):294-306.
  17. Corporate Pollution Prevention.Iain J. Clelland, Gerald E. Fryxell & Tong Wen - 1996 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 7:605-616.
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  18.  13
    Thinking Outside the HOX.Karl J. Niklas - 2006 - Biological Theory 1 (2):128-129.
  19.  34
    Multiscale Integration: Beyond Internalism and Externalism.Maxwell J. D. Ramstead, Michael D. Kirchhoff, Axel Constant & Karl J. Friston - 2019 - Synthese 198 (Suppl 1):41-70.
    We present a multiscale integrationist interpretation of the boundaries of cognitive systems, using the Markov blanket formalism of the variational free energy principle. This interpretation is intended as a corrective for the philosophical debate over internalist and externalist interpretations of cognitive boundaries; we stake out a compromise position. We first survey key principles of new radical views of cognition. We then describe an internalist interpretation premised on the Markov blanket formalism. Having reviewed these accounts, we develop our positive multiscale account. (...)
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  20.  50
    Representation Wars: Enacting an Armistice Through Active Inference.Axel Constant, Andy Clark & Karl J. Friston - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    Over the last 30 years, representationalist and dynamicist positions in the philosophy of cognitive science have argued over whether neurocognitive processes should be viewed as representational or not. Major scientific and technological developments over the years have furnished both parties with ever more sophisticated conceptual weaponry. In recent years, an enactive generalization of predictive processing – known as active inference – has been proposed as a unifying theory of brain functions. Since then, active inference has fueled both representationalist and dynamicist (...)
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  21.  26
    Extended Active Inference: Constructing Predictive Cognition Beyond Skulls.Axel Constant, Andy Clark, Michael Kirchhoff & Karl J. Friston - forthcoming - Mind and Language.
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  22. Computational Psychiatry.P. Read Montague, Raymond J. Dolan, Karl J. Friston & Peter Dayan - 2012 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 16 (1):72-80.
  23. The Quest for the New Science: Language and Thought in Eighteenth-Century Science.Karl J. Fink & James W. Marchand (eds.) - 1979 - Southern Illinois University Press.
    The contributors to this new philosophi­cal and historical examination of Vico, Herder, Schiller, and Goethe are Karl J. Fink, James W. Marchand, Harry Ritter, K. Michael Seibt, and David R. Ste­venson. Their essays and commentary address the question why this generation represent­ed by its great minds suddenly discov­ered science—a question posed previ­ously but only tentatively explored. Taken together, the essayists reveal significant new insights into the roles of language, imagination, intuition, em­pathy, modes of perception, and indiv­idualism in scientific creativity (...)
     
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  24.  49
    Thinking Through Other Minds: A Variational Approach to Cognition and Culture.Samuel P. L. Veissière, Axel Constant, Maxwell J. D. Ramstead, Karl J. Friston & Laurence J. Kirmayer - 2020 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 43:1-97.
    The processes underwriting the acquisition of culture remain unclear. How are shared habits, norms, and expectations learned and maintained with precision and reliability across large-scale sociocultural ensembles? Is there a unifying account of the mechanisms involved in the acquisition of culture? Notions such as “shared expectations,” the “selective patterning of attention and behaviour,” “cultural evolution,” “cultural inheritance,” and “implicit learning” are the main candidates to underpin a unifying account of cognition and the acquisition of culture; however, their interactions require greater (...)
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  25.  21
    The Depressed Brain: An Evolutionary Systems Theory.Paul B. Badcock, Christopher G. Davey, Sarah Whittle, Nicholas B. Allen & Karl J. Friston - 2017 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 21 (3):182-194.
  26.  22
    Computational Neuropsychology and Bayesian Inference.Thomas Parr, Geraint Rees & Karl J. Friston - 2018 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 12.
  27.  8
    Karl J. Smith. Introduction to Symbolic Logic. Contemporary Undergraduate Mathematics Series. Brooks/Cole Publishing Company, Monterey, Calif., 1974, Viii + 119 Pp. [REVIEW]Ian F. Carlstrom - 1980 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 45 (2):384-385.
  28. Review: Karl J. Smith, Introduction to Symbolic Logic. [REVIEW]Ian F. Carlstrom - 1980 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 45 (2):384-385.
  29.  8
    Relating the “Mirrorness” of Mirror Neurons to Their Origins.James M. Kilner & Karl J. Friston - 2014 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 37 (2):207-208.
  30.  27
    Uncertainty in Perception and the Hierarchical Gaussian Filter.Christoph D. Mathys, Ekaterina I. Lomakina, Jean Daunizeau, Sandra Iglesias, Kay H. Brodersen, Karl J. Friston & Klaas E. Stephan - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  31.  47
    Greetings to the American Catholic Philosophical Association.Karl J. Alter - 1956 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 30:1.
  32.  5
    The Role of Philosophy in the Catholic Liberal College.Karl J. Alter - 1956 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 30:1-2.
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  33.  33
    Bayesian Inferences About the Self : A Review.Michael Moutoussis, Pasco Fearon, Wael El-Deredy, Raymond J. Dolan & Karl J. Friston - 2014 - Consciousness and Cognition 25:67-76.
    Viewing the brain as an organ of approximate Bayesian inference can help us understand how it represents the self. We suggest that inferred representations of the self have a normative function: to predict and optimise the likely outcomes of social interactions. Technically, we cast this predict-and-optimise as maximising the chance of favourable outcomes through active inference. Here the utility of outcomes can be conceptualised as prior beliefs about final states. Actions based on interpersonal representations can therefore be understood as minimising (...)
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  34.  18
    All Creatures, Great and Small: The Geometry of Evolution: Adaptive Landscapes and Theoretical Morphospaces George R. McGhee Jr. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007 (200 Pp; £40.00 ISBN; 9780521849425).Karl J. Niklas - 2007 - Biological Theory 2 (2):200-201.
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  35.  12
    Did Meiosis Evolve Before Sex and the Evolution of Eukaryotic Life Cycles?Karl J. Niklas, Edward D. Cobb & Ulrich Kutschera - 2014 - Bioessays 36 (11):1091-1101.
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  36. George R. McGhee, Jr, The Geometry of Evolution: Adaptive Landscapes and Theoretical Morphospaces.Karl J. Niklas - 2007 - Biological Theory 2 (2):200-201.
  37.  19
    The Politics of Herder's Pluralism.Karl J. Fink - 1996 - The European Legacy 1 (1):262-269.
  38.  24
    Modularity, Segregation, and Interactions.Karl J. Friston - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (1):99-100.
    This commentary considers how far one can go in making inferences about functional modularity or segregation, based on the sorts of analyses used by Caplan & Waters in relation to the underlying neuronal infrastructure. Specifically, an attempt is made to relate the “functionalist” approach adopted in the target article to “neuroreductionist” perspectives on the same issue.
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  39.  41
    What Does Functional MRI Measure? Two Complementary Perspectives.Karl J. Friston - 2012 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 16 (10):491-492.
  40.  4
    Introduction to Symbolic Logic.Karl J. Smith - 1974 - Monterey, Calif., Brooks/Cole Pub. Co..
  41. Wege zum Verständnis prähistorischer Religionsformen.Karl J. Narr - 1963 - Kairos (misc) 5.
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  42.  12
    Res Publica and the Roman Republic. 'Without Body or Form.' by Louise Hodgson.Karl-J. Hölkeskamp - 2018 - American Journal of Philology 139 (3):521-524.
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  43.  46
    The Emergence of Empire (A.M.) Eckstein Mediterranean Anarchy, Interstate War, and the Rise of Rome. (Hellenistic Culture and Society 48.) Pp. Xxii + 369, Maps. Berkeley, Los Angeles and London: University of California Press, 2006. Cased, £32.50, US$49.95. ISBN: 978-0-520-24618-. [REVIEW]Karl-J. Hölkeskamp - 2009 - The Classical Review 59 (1):211-.
  44.  24
    The Pageantry of Power – Or: The Power of Pageantry Östenberg Staging the World. Spoils, Captives, and Representations in the Roman Triumphal Procession. Pp. Xii + 327, Ills. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009. Cased, £70. ISBN: 978-0-19-921597-3. Krasser, Pausch, Petrovic Triplici Invectus Triumpho. Der Römische Triumph in Augusteischer Zeit. Pp. 327, Ills, Maps. Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag, 2008. Paper, €60. ISBN: 978-3-515-09249-4. [REVIEW]Karl-J. Hölkeskamp - 2011 - The Classical Review 61 (1):220-223.
  45. General Methods: Statistical Analysis and Comparison.Karl J. Holzinger - 1938 - In Guy Montrose Whipple (ed.), The Scientific Movement in Education. Bloomington: Ill.. pp. 293--306.
     
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  46. Articulus fidei (1150-1230). Von der Einführung des Wortes bis zu den drei Definitionen Philipps des Kanzlers.Karl J. Becker - 1973 - Gregorianum 54:517-569.
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  47.  4
    Did The Jews Kill Jesus?Karl J. Ernst - 1947 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 1 (3):376-378.
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  48.  20
    The Meaning and Etymology of the Word היָשות in the Old TestamentThe Meaning and Etymology of the Word [He][Yod][Qamats][Shin][Vav][Tav] in the Old Testament.Karl J. Grimm - 1901 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 22:35.
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  49.  13
    Alternative Dispute Resolution: An Emerging International Business Practice.Karl J. Mackie - 1996 - Business Ethics, the Environment and Responsibility 5 (3):131–138.
    Speed, flexibility, negotiated control of outcomes, savings and absence of future enmity. Why lose all this in litigation when a new user‐friendly alternative is on the increase? The author is Chief Executive of the Centre for Dispute Resolution , 7 St. Katharine's Way, London E1 9LB, and Special Professor in ADR in the University of Birmingham, England.
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  50.  6
    Alternative Dispute Resolution: An Emerging International Business Practice.Karl J. Mackie - 1996 - Business Ethics, the Environment and Responsibility 5 (3):131-138.
    Speed, flexibility, negotiated control of outcomes, savings and absence of future enmity. Why lose all this in litigation when a new user‐friendly alternative is on the increase? The author is Chief Executive of the Centre for Dispute Resolution, 7 St. Katharine's Way, London E1 9LB, and Special Professor in ADR in the University of Birmingham, England.
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