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Karyn L. Lai [28]Karyn Lynne Lai [2]
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Karyn L. Lai
University of New South Wales
  1. The Cicada Catcher: Learning for Life.Karyn L. Lai - 2019 - In Karyn L. Lai & Wai-wai Chiu (eds.), Skill and Mastery Philosophical Stories from the Zhuangzi. UK: Rowman and Littlefield International. pp. 143 - 162.
    The cicada catcher focuses as much on technique as he does on outcomes. In response to Confucius’ question, he articulates in detail the learning he has undertaken to develop techniques at each level of competence. This chapter explains the connection between the cicada catcher’s development of technique and his orientation toward outcomes. It uses details in this story to contribute to recent discussions in epistemology on the cultivation of technique.
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  2. Confucian Moral Thinking.Karyn L. Lai - 1995 - Philosophy East and West 45 (2):249-272.
    By examining fundamental Confucian concepts -- zhengming, ren, li, xiao, shu and dao -- the essay demonstrates that Confucian ways of thinking do not always fit neatly into categories such as 'moral' or rights'. The author provides a positive interpretation of certain Confucian ideas including: the concept of a person as a self- in- relation; the notion of responsibility as particularistic and dependent upon the kinds of relationships one has and the social positions one occupies; and the view of the (...)
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  3.  17
    Ming in the Zhuangzi Neipian: Enlightened Engagement.Karyn L. Lai & Wai Wai Chiu - unknown
    In this article, we present an account of ming 明 in the Zhuangzi's Neipian in light of the disagreements among the thinkers of the time. We suggest that ming is associated with the Daoist sage's vision: he sees through the debaters' attempts to win the debates. We propose that ming is primarily a meta-epistemological stance, that is, the sage understands the nature of the debates and does not enter the fray; therefore he does not share the thinkers' anxieties. The sage (...)
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  4.  45
    Confucian Moral Cultivation : Some Parallels with Musical Training.Karyn L. Lai - 2003 - In Kim Chong Chong, Sor-Hoon Tan & C. L. Ten (eds.), The Moral Circle and the Self: Chinese and Western Approaches. Open Court.
  5.  15
    Ming in the Zhuangzi Neipian: Enlightened Engagement.Karyn L. Lai & Wai Wai Chiu - 2013 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 40 (3-4):527-543.
    In this article, we present an account of ming 明 in the Zhuangzi's Neipian in light of the disagreements among the thinkers of the time. We suggest that ming is associated with the Daoist sage's vision: he sees through the debaters' attempts to win the debates. We propose that ming is primarily a meta-epistemological stance, that is, the sage understands the nature of the debates and does not enter the fray; therefore he does not share the thinkers' anxieties. The sage (...)
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  6.  74
    Knowing How and Knowing To.Karyn L. Lai & Stephen Hetherington - 2015 - In Brian Bruya (ed.), The Philosophical Challenge from China. MA, USA: MIT Press. pp. 279 - 302.
    Since the 1940s, Western epistemology has discussed Gilbert Ryle’s distinction between knowledge-that and knowledge-how. Ryle argued that intelligent actions – manifestations of knowledge-how – are not constituted as intelligent by the guiding intervention of knowledge-that: knowledge-how is not a kind of knowledge-that; we must understand knowledge-how in independent terms. Yet which independent terms are needed? In this chapter, we consider whether an understanding of intelligent action must include talk of knowledge-to. This is the knowledge to do this or that now, (...)
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  7.  39
    Philosophy and Philosophical Reasoning in the Zhuangzi: Dealing with Plurality.Karyn Lynne Lai - 2006 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 33 (3):365-374.
    The Zhuangzi is noted for its advocacy of many different perspectives—chickens, cicadas, fish and the like. There is much debate in the literature about the implications of Zhuangzi’s pluralist inclinations. I suggest that Zhuangzi highlights the limitations of individual, perspectivally-constrained, knowledge claims. He also spurns the ‘view from nowhere’ and is sceptical about the possibility of an ideal observer. For him, wisdom consists in understanding the epistemological inadequacies of each perspective. I propose that Zhuangzi’s philosophy offers significant insights to an (...)
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  8.  16
    Understanding Change: The Interdependent Self in its Environment.Karyn L. Lai - 2007 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 34 (s1):81-99.
  9.  82
    Learning From the Confucians: Learning From the Past.Karyn L. Lai - 2008 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 35 (1):97-119.
    A distinguishing characteristic of Confucianism is its emphasis on learning (xue), is a key element in moral self cultivation. This paper discusses why learning from the experiences of those in the past is important in Confucian learning.
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  10.  32
    Knowing to Act in the Moment: Examples From Confucius ’Analects‘.Karyn L. Lai - 2012 - Asian Philosophy 22 (4):347-364.
    Many scholars note that the Analects, and Confucian philosophy more generally, hold a conception of knowing that more closely approximates ‘knowing-how’ than ‘knowing-that’. However, I argue that this description is not sufficiently sensitive to the concerns of the early Confucians and their focus on self-cultivation. I propose that a particular conception of knowing—knowing to act in the moment—is better suited to capturing the Analects’ emphasis on exemplary lives in actual contexts. These investigations might also contribute to discussions on know-how in (...)
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  11.  39
    Judgment in Confucian Ethics. [REVIEW]Karyn L. Lai - 2009 - Sophia 48 (1):77-84.
  12.  12
    Judgment In Confucian Ethics: Review of Jonathan Dancy’s Ethics Without Principles, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2004, 229 Pp., ISBN: 978–0–19–929768–9, Pbk. [REVIEW]Karyn L. Lai - 2009 - Sophia 48 (1):77-84.
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  13.  19
    Introduction: New Interdisciplinary Perspectives in Chinese Philosophy.Karyn L. Lai - 2007 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 34 (s1):3-8.
  14.  1
    New Interdisciplinary Perspectives in Chinese Philosophy.Karyn L. Lai - 2007 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 34 (5):3-8.
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  15. Philosophy of Xunzi and Antonio S. Cua.Chung-Ying Cheng, Roger T. Ames, Vincent Shen, Kim-Chong Chong, Paul R. Goldin, Karyn L. Lai & Tan Mingran - 2008 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 35 (1):63-78.
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  16.  2
    Assessing Participation Skills: Online Discussions with Peers.Karyn L. Lai - 2012 - Assessment and Evaluation in Higher Education 37 (8):933-947.
    Many tertiary-level courses assess students’ participation in tutorial or online discussions. However, in educational and pedagogical research literature, criteria for assessing students’ skills in engaging with peers remain unclear. This article describes an online assignment with a set of participation criteria and a method for assessing the quality of students’ interactions with peers. The assignment focuses on students’ ability to utilise their critical thinking skills while engaging with peers on a particular topic. This includes abilities such as responding to criticism, (...)
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  17.  27
    A Review of Antonio S. Cua's Human Nature, Ritual, and History: Studies in Xunzi and Chinese Philosophy , in Studies in Philosophy and the History of Philosophy, Vol. 43, Washington, D.C., Catholic University of America Press, 2005, 406 Pp., ISBN: 0813213851, Hb. [REVIEW]Karyn L. Lai - 2007 - Sophia 46 (2):203-205.
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  18.  11
    A Review of Antonio S. Cua's, in Studies in Philosophy and the History of Philosophy, Vol. 43, Washington, DC, Catholic University of America Press, 2005, 406 Pp., ISBN: 0813213851, Hb. [REVIEW]Karyn L. Lai - 2007 - Sophia 46 (2):203-205.
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  19.  42
    Clara Wing-Chung Ho, Ed., Biographical Dictionary of Chinese Women: The Qing Period, 1644-1911. New York: M. E. Sharpe, 1998. Hardback. ISBN: 0-7656-0043-9. [REVIEW]Karyn Lynne Lai - 1999 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 26 (2):251-256.
  20.  18
    Cultivating a Good Life in Early Chinese and Ancient Greek Philosophy: Perspectives and Reverberations.Karyn L. Lai, Rick Benitez & Hyun Jin Kim (eds.) - 2018 - Bloomsbury.
    Both Ancient Chinese and Greek philosophers provide accounts of the life lived well: a Confucian junzi, a Daoist sage and a Greek phronimos. Cultivation in Early China and Ancient Greece engages in comparative, cross-tradition scholarship and investigates the processes associated with cultivating or nurturing the self in order to live such lives. -/- By focusing on the processes rather than the aims of cultivating a good life, an international team of scholars investigate how a person develops and practices a way (...)
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  21.  22
    Critical Notice of Joel J. Kupperman, Learning From Asian Philosophy.Karyn L. Lai - 2003 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 81 (1):126 – 133.
  22. Daoism and Confucianism.Karyn L. Lai - 2014 - In Xiaogan Liu (ed.), Dao Companion to Daoist Philosophy. Springer. pp. 489-511.
  23. Emotional Attachment and Its Limits: Mengzi, Gaozi and the Guodian Discussions.Karyn L. Lai - 2019 - Frontiers of Philosophy in China 14 (1):132-151.
    Mengzi maintained that both benevolence (ren 仁) and rightness (yi 義) are naturally-given in human nature. This view has occupied a dominant place in Confucian intellectual history. In Mencius 6A, Mengzi's interlocutor, Gaozi, contests this view, arguing that rightness is determined by (doing what is fitting, in line with) external circumstances. I discuss here some passages from the excavated Guodian texts, which lend weight to Gaozi's view. The texts reveal nuanced considerations of relational proximity and its limits, setting up requirements (...)
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  24.  69
    Environmental Concern: Can Humans Avoid Being Partial? Epistemological Awareness in the Zhuangzi.Karyn L. Lai - 2013 - In Carmen Meinert (ed.), Nature, Environment and Culture in East Asia: The Challenge of Climate Change. Brill. pp. 69-82.
    Discussions of human partiality—anthropocentrism—in the literature in environmental ethics have sought to locate reasons for unnecessary and thoughtless degradation of the earth’s environment. Many of the debates have focused on metaethical issues, attempting to set out the values appropriate for an environmental ethic not constrained within an anthropocentric framework. In this essay, I propose that the fundamental problem with anthropocentrism arises when it is assumed that that is the only meaningful evaluative perspective. I draw on ideas in the Zhuangzi, a (...)
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  25.  11
    Knowers and Knowledge in East-West Philosophy: Epistemology Extended.Karyn L. Lai (ed.) - 2022 - Springer Nature.
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  26. Learning to Be Reliable: Confucius' Analects.Karyn L. Lai - 2018 - In Karyn L. Lai, Rick Benitez & Hyun Jin Kim (eds.), Cultivating a Good Life in Early Chinese and Ancient Greek Philosophy Perspectives and Reverberations. Bloomsbury. pp. 193-207.
    In the Lunyu, Confucius remarks on the implausibility—or impossibility—of a life lacking in xin 信, reliability (2.22). In existing discussions of Confucian philosophy, this aspect of life is often eclipsed by greater emphasis on Confucian values such as ren 仁 (benevolence), li 禮 (propriety) and yi 義 (rightness). My discussion addresses this imbalance by focusing on reliability, extending current debates in two ways. First, it proposes that the common translation of xin as denoting coherence between a person’s words and deeds (...)
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  27.  52
    Ren: An Exemplary Life.Karyn L. Lai - 2014 - In Amy Olberding (ed.), Dao Companion to the Analects. Springer. pp. 83-94.
    This chapter discusses ren 仁, a major term in the Confucian Analects. It analyzes the range of meanings of ren across different conversations, paying special attention to its associations with other key Confucian terms such as li (禮 behavioural propriety) and zhi (知 understanding). Building on this analysis, the discussion focuses on ren in terms of how it is manifest in a person’s life. In particular, it expresses ren in terms of an exemplary life—a life lived well. The chapter also (...)
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  28. Skill and Mastery Philosophical Stories From the Zhuangzi.Karyn L. Lai & Wai-wai Chiu (eds.) - 2019 - Rowman and Littlefield International.
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  29.  1
    Understanding Change: The Interdependent Self in its Environment.Karyn L. Lai - 2007 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 34 (5):81-99.
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  30.  80
    Zhuangzi's Suggestiveness: Skeptical Questions.Karyn L. Lai - 2017 - In Stephen Hetherington (ed.), What Makes a Philosopher Great? London and NY: Routledge. pp. 30-47.