Results for 'Kate Ashcroft'

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  1.  40
    Managing Teaching and Learning in Further and Higher Education.Kate Ashcroft - 1994 - Falmer Press.
    This handbook covers ways of managing the teaching, learning and assessment process to improve students' learning.
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  2.  4
    Ashcroft M. Hypoxia—Inducible Factor—la Nd Oncogenie Signalling.Julia I. Bárdos & Margaret Ashcroft - 2004 - Bioessays 26 (3):262-269.
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  3.  71
    Current Epistemological Problems in Evidence Based Medicine.R. E. Ashcroft - 2004 - Journal of Medical Ethics 30 (2):131-135.
    Evidence based medicine has been a topic of considerable controversy in medical and health care circles over its short lifetime, because of the claims made by its exponents about the criteria used to assess the evidence for or against the effectiveness of medical interventions. The central epistemological debates underpinning the debates about evidence based medicine are reviewed by this paper, and some areas are suggested where further work remains to be done. In particular, further work is needed on the theory (...)
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  4. Down Girl: The Logic of Misogyny.Kate Manne - 2017 - Oxford University Press.
    Down Girl is a broad, original, and far ranging analysis of what misogyny really is, how it works, its purpose, and how to fight it. The philosopher Kate Manne argues that modern society's failure to recognize women's full humanity and autonomy is not actually the problem. She argues instead that it is women's manifestations of human capacities -- autonomy, agency, political engagement -- is what engenders misogynist hostility.
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  5.  35
    Fair Process and the Redundancy of Bioethics: A Polemic.Richard Ashcroft - 2008 - Public Health Ethics 1 (1):3-9.
    Queen Mary, University of London, School of Law, Mile End Road, London E1 4NS, UK. Tel: +442078825126, Fax: +442089818733, Email: r.ashcroft{at}qmul.ac.uk ' + u + '@' + d + ' '//--> Abstract Recent doctrine in both national and international organisations concerned with public health planning and resource allocation has it that direct ethical justification of substantive decisions is so difficult as to be impossible. Instead, we should agree on criteria of procedural justice and reach decisions whose justification lies in (...)
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  6.  49
    Kate Christensen Speaks with Pat Matheny, a Recipient of Lethal Medication Under Oregon's Death with Dignity Act.Kate Christensen - 1999 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 8 (4):564-568.
    Oregon is the only state in the United States where a physician may legally prescribe a lethal dose of barbiturate for a patient intending suicide. The Oregon Death with Dignity Act was passed by voters in 1994 and came into effect after much legal wrangling in October of 1997. At the same time, a cabinetmaker named Pat Matheny was struggling with progressive weakness from amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, or ALS. I met with Pat and his family for a lengthy interview in (...)
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  7.  22
    Bioethics and Conflicts of Interest.Richard E. Ashcroft - 2004 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 35 (1):155-165.
    Bioethics has been subject to considerable social criticism in recent years. One criticism that has caused particular discomfort in the bioethics community is that bioethicists, because of the way their work is funded, are involved in profound conflicts of interest that undermine their title to be considered independent moral commentators on developments in biomedicine and biotechnology. This criticism draws its force from the assumption that bioethics is, or ought to be, a type of normative social criticism. Versions of this criticism (...)
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  8.  46
    The Teacher as Mother or Midwife? A Comparison of Brahmanical and Socratic Methods of Education: Kate Wharton.Kate Wharton - 2010 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 66:103-117.
    Socrates famously compares himself to a midwife in Plato's Theaetetus. Much less well known is the developed metaphor of pregnancy at the centre of the initiation ritual that begins Brahmanical education. In this ritual, called Upanayana, the teacher is presented as becoming pregnant with the student. The Arthavaveda states: The teacher leads the student towards himself, makes him an embryo within; he bears him in his belly three nights.
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  9.  65
    Making Sense of Dignity.Richard Ashcroft - 2005 - Journal of Medical Ethics 31 (11):679-682.
    In this review of Leon Kass’s Life, liberty and the defense of dignity and Deryck Beyleveld and Roger Brownsword’s Human dignity in bioethics and biolaw. I consider the prospects for a theory of dignity as a basis for bioethics research. I argue that dignity theories are worth exploring in more detail, but that research needs to consider both “antitheory” accounts of the language of bioethics, and to give more weight to accounts of dignity as an outcome of holding positive liberties (...)
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  10. Equipoise, Knowledge and Ethics in Clinical Research and Practice.Richard Ashcroft - 1999 - Bioethics 13 (3-4):314-326.
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  11.  22
    Constructing Empirical Bioethics: Foucauldian Reflections on the Empirical Turn in Bioethics Research. [REVIEW]Richard E. Ashcroft - 2003 - Health Care Analysis 11 (1):3-13.
    The empirical turn in bioethics has been widely discussed by philosophical medical ethicists and social scientists. The focus of this discussion has been almost exclusively on methodological issues in research, on the admissibility of empirical evidence in rational argument, and on the possible superiority of empirical methods for permitting democratic lay involvement in decision-making. In this paper I consider how the collection of qualitative and quantitative social research evidence plays its part in the construction of social order, and how this (...)
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  12.  13
    American Biofutures: Ideology and Utopia in the Fukuyama/Stock Debate.R. E. Ashcroft - 2003 - Journal of Medical Ethics 29 (1):59-62.
    Francis Fukuyama, in his Our Posthuman Future, and Gregory Stock, in his Redesigning Humans, present competing versions of the biomedical future of human beings, and debate the merits of more or less stringent regimes of regulation for biomedical innovation. In this article, these positions are shown to depend on a shared discourse of market liberalism, which limits both the range of ends for such innovation discussed by the authors, and the scope of their policy analyses and proposals. A proper evaluation (...)
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  13.  18
    From Public Interest to Political Justice.Richard E. Ashcroft - 2004 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 13 (1):20-27.
    In this paper I examine the ways in which the concept of “public interest” is used in biomedical policymaking to justify the preemption or overruling of decisions made by individuals about their own, their family's, or group interests in the field of healthcare. I discuss six variants of public-interest justification, before going on to consider a concrete example, the use of personal health data in health services management and medical research. I distinguish between the global public interest and particular public (...)
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  14.  42
    Standing Up for the Medical Rights of Asylum Seekers.R. E. Ashcroft - 2005 - Journal of Medical Ethics 31 (3):125-126.
    When denial of medical treatment is being used as a lever to move people out of the country, ethicists and healthcare professionals should speak out.An ugly feature of political life throughout the Western world, and beyond, is the suspicion towards, and maltreatment of, migrants from poor to rich countries. People who would otherwise be horrified at being labelled racist nevertheless find it acceptable to support practices which can range from stigmatisation to confinement in brutalising conditions in “reception” and “removal” centres.1–5An (...)
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  15. Interview: Kate Soper: An Alternative Hedonism.Ted Benton & Kate Soper - 1999 - Radical Philosophy 93.
     
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  16.  44
    How Causal Are Microbiomes? A Comparison with the H Elicobacter Pylori Explanation of Ulcers.Kate E. Lynch, Emily C. Parke & Maureen A. O’Malley - 2019 - Biology and Philosophy 34 (6):62.
    Human microbiome research makes causal connections between entire microbial communities and a wide array of traits that range from physiological diseases to psychological states. To evaluate these causal claims, we first examine a well-known single-microbe causal explanation: of Helicobacter pylori causing ulcers. This apparently straightforward causal explanation is not so simple, however. It does not achieve a key explanatory standard in microbiology, of Koch’s postulates, which rely on manipulations of single-microorganism cultures to infer causal relationships to disease. When Koch’s postulates (...)
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  17.  30
    Further Ethical and Social Issues in Using a Cocaine Vaccine: Response to Hall and Carter.R. E. Ashcroft - 2004 - Journal of Medical Ethics 30 (4):341-343.
    Evaluation of the potential of a cocaine vaccine requires a detailed understanding of the intended and unintended social consequences of its use. Prospective technology assessment is always difficult, but in the case of treatment and prevention of cocaine addiction we need to understand not only the neuroscience and pharmacology of cocaine addiction, but also social attitudes to drug use and addiction, the social context of drug use, and the factors which make drug use a rational strategy for an addict and (...)
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  18. Principles of Health Care Ethics.Richard E. Ashcroft (ed.) - 2007 - Wiley.
    Edited by four leading members of the new generation of medical and healthcare ethicists working in the UK, respected worldwide for their work in medical ethics, Principles of Health Care Ethics, Second Edition_is a standard resource for students, professionals, and academics wishing to understand current and future issues in healthcare ethics. With a distinguished international panel of contributors working at the leading edge of academia, this volume presents a comprehensive guide to the field, with state of the art introductions to (...)
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  19. Internalism About Reasons: Sad but True?Kate Manne - 2014 - Philosophical Studies 167 (1):89-117.
    Internalists about reasons following Bernard Williams claim that an agent’s normative reasons for action are constrained in some interesting way by her desires or motivations. In this paper, I offer a new argument for such a position—although one that resonates, I believe, with certain key elements of Williams’ original view. I initially draw on P.F. Strawson’s famous distinction between the interpersonal and the objective stances that we can take to other people, from the second-person point of view. I suggest that (...)
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  20.  22
    What is Clinical Effectiveness?Richard Ashcroft - 2002 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 33 (2):219-233.
    Clinical trials and other forms of evaluation of medical treatment are held to give an objective assessment of the ‘clinical effectiveness’ of the medical treatments under evaluation. This kind of evaluation is central to the evidence-based medicine movement, as it provides a basis for the rational selection of treatment. The ethical status of randomised clinical trials is widely agreed to depend crucially upon the state of equipoise regarding which of two (or more) treatments is more (or most) effective in a (...)
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  21.  13
    The Ethics and Governance of Medical Research: What Does Regulation Have to Do with Morality?Richard Ashcroft - 2003 - New Review of Bioethics 1 (1):41-58.
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  22.  68
    Ethics, Philosophy, and Evidence Based Medicine.R. Ashcroft - 2004 - Journal of Medical Ethics 30 (2):119-119.
    The editors of the symposium hope it will provide a balanced appraisal of evidence based medicine.This symposium is devoted to evidence based medicine and the ethical issues it raises. Since Sir Archie Cochrane’s seminal Nuffield Provincial Hospitals Trust lectures in 1972 and their publication as the Rock Carling monograph for that year, Effectiveness and Efficiency: Random Reflections on Health Services, the idea that medical interventions and health services should be evaluated and selected on the basis of the most reliable evidence (...)
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  23.  7
    Law and the Perils of Philosophical Grafts.Richard E. Ashcroft - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (1):72-72.
    Charles Foster and Jonathan Herring are to be congratulated on their useful presentation of the roles played by concepts of personhood and identity in English medical law.1 However, I fear that the project they have undertaken here is misconceived. It is an interesting and important misconception, which is widely shared in the literature on medical law and ethics; but a misconception it remains. The problem is this. What we call ‘the Law’ is in fact a complex assemblage of institutions, rules, (...)
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  24.  16
    The Fermi Surface of Aluminium.N. W. Ashcroft - 1963 - Philosophical Magazine 8 (96):2055-2083.
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  25.  36
    What is Clinical Effectiveness?Richard Ashcroft - 2002 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 33 (2):219-233.
    Clinical trials and other forms of evaluation of medical treatment are held to give an objective assessment of the 'clinical effectiveness' of the medical treatments under evaluation. This kind of evaluation is central to the evidence-based medicine movement, as it provides a basis for the rational selection of treatment. The ethical status of randomised clinical trials is widely agreed to depend crucially upon the state of equipoise regarding which of two treatments is more effective in a defined population. However, the (...)
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  26.  44
    The Psychology of Repugnance and the Duty to Trust.Richard Ashcroft - 2009 - American Journal of Bioethics 9 (10):51-52.
  27.  6
    Law and the perils of philosophical grafts.R. E. Ashcroft - 2017 - Journal of Medical Ethics Recent Issues 44 (1):72-72.
    Charles Foster and Jonathan Herring are to be congratulated on their useful presentation of the roles played by concepts of personhood and identity in English medical law. 1 However, I fear that the project they have undertaken here is misconceived. It is an interesting and important misconception, which is widely shared in the literature on medical law and ethics; but a misconception it remains. The problem is this. What we call ‘the Law’ is in fact a complex assemblage of institutions, (...)
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  28.  23
    Money, Consent, and Exploitation in Research.Richard E. Ashcroft - 2001 - American Journal of Bioethics 1 (2):62-63.
  29.  6
    Bioethics and Conflicts of Interest.Richard E. Ashcroft - 2004 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 35 (1):155-165.
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  30.  14
    The Double Helix 50 Years On: Models, Metaphors, and Reductionism.R. E. Ashcroft - 2003 - Journal of Medical Ethics 29 (2):63-64.
    Bioethics should update its conception of the geneThe 25th of April marks the 50th anniversary of the publication in Nature of the letter by James Watson and Francis Crick announcing their solution to the structure of deoxyribose nucleic acid .1 By that time, much was known about the role of chromosomes in inheritance, the contribution of DNA to chromosome structure, and the chemistry of DNA.2 The gene concept itself was also well established by then; the principal scientific problem became to (...)
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  31. What is Nature?: Culture, Politics, and the Non-Human.Kate Soper - 1995 - Blackwell.
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  32.  14
    Jewishness and the Problem of Nationalism: A Genealogy of Arendt's Early Political Thought.Caroline Ashcroft - 2015 - Modern Intellectual History:1-29.
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  33.  7
    The Declaration of Helsinki.Richard Ashcroft - 2008 - In Ezekiel J. Emanuel (ed.), The Oxford Textbook of Clinical Research Ethics. Oxford University Press. pp. 141--148.
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  34. The Troubled Relationship Between Bioethics and Human Rights.Richard Ashcroft - 2008 - In Michael D. A. Freeman (ed.), Law and Bioethics / Edited by Michael Freeman. Oxford University Press.
  35. Smoking, Health and Ethics.Richard Ashcroft & A. Dawson - forthcoming - Public Health Ethics: Key Concepts and Issues in Policy and Practice:85--99.
     
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  36.  33
    Doing Good by Stealth: Comments on 'Salvaging the Concept of Nudge'.Richard E. Ashcroft - 2013 - Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (8):494-494.
    In ‘Salvaging the Concept of Nudge’ Yashar Saghai performs an important clarificatory task which certainly advances our philosophical and ethical understanding of nudges in public policy, and in healthcare ethics in particular.1 In this brief commentary I identify some issues which could usefully be taken forward in subsequent discussions.A central difficulty with ethical discussions of nudging is that insufficient care is taken to distinguish two morally important features of nudges. The first, which Saghai very properly concentrates upon, is the mechanism (...)
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  37.  25
    Fair Rationing is Essentially Local: An Argument for Postcode Prescribing.Richard E. Ashcroft - 2006 - Health Care Analysis 14 (3):135-144.
    In this paper I argue that resource allocation in publicly funded medical systems cannot be done using a purely substantive theory of justice, but must also involve procedural justice. I argue further that procedural justice requires institutions and that these must be “local” in a specific sense which I define. The argument rests on the informational constraints on any non-market method for allocating scarce resources among competing claims of need. However, I resist the identification of this normative account of local (...)
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  38.  54
    Kant, Mill, Durkheim? Trust and Autonomy in Bioethics and Politics.Richard E. Ashcroft - 2003 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 34 (2):359-366.
  39. How to Be a Normativist About the Nature of Belief.Kate Nolfi - 2015 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 96 (2):181-204.
    According to the normativist, it is built into the nature of belief itself that beliefs are subject to a certain set of norms. I argue here that only a normativist account can explain certain non-normative facts about what it takes to have the capacity for belief. But this way of defending normativism places an explanatory burden on any normativist account that an account on which a truth norm is explanatorily fundamental simply cannot discharge. I develop an alternative account that can (...)
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  40. Turning Up the Lights on Gaslighting.Kate Abramson - 2014 - Philosophical Perspectives 28 (1):1-30.
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  41.  34
    Children's Consent to Research Participation: Social Context and Personal Experience Invalidate Fixed Cutoff Rules.Richard Ashcroft, Trudy Goodenough, Emma Williamson & Julie Kent - 2003 - American Journal of Bioethics 3 (4):16 – 18.
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  42.  14
    Futures for Bioethics?Richard Ashcroft - 2010 - Bioethics 24 (5):ii-ii.
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  43.  13
    “Originals of Revisable Originals”: Sampling and Composting in the Poetry of Peter Minter, Paul Hardacre and Kate Lilley.Kate Fagan - 2009 - Angelaki 14 (2):67-75.
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  44.  21
    “Originals of Revisable Originals”: Sampling and Composting in the Poetry of Peter Minter, Paul Hardacre and Kate Lilley.Kate Fagan - 2009 - Angelaki 14 (2):67-75.
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  45.  32
    International Research Ethics.Udo Schücklenk & Richard Ashcroft - 2000 - Bioethics 14 (2):158-172.
  46.  15
    Regulating Biomedical Enhancements in the Military.Richard Edmund Ashcroft - 2008 - American Journal of Bioethics 8 (2):47 – 49.
  47.  21
    Teaching for Patient-Centred Ethics.Richard E. Ashcroft - 2000 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 3 (3):285-293.
    In this paper three models of teaching and learning medical ethics are discussed critically, the traditional and revised vocational models, and the patient-centred model. The autonomy-oriented patient-centred ethics of Beauchamp and Childress is rejected in favour of a hermeneutic practical ethics. A performative conception of ethics teaching is recommended as the most appropriate model for use in the theory and practice of ethics pedagogy.
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  48.  42
    Community and Progress in Kant's Moral Philosophy.Kate A. Moran - 2012 - Catholic University of America Press.
    Denis, Lara. Moral Self-Regard: Duties to Oneself in Kant's Moral Theory. New York: Garland Publishing. 2001. Engstrom, Stephen. “The Concept ofthe Highest Good in Kant's Moral The- ory.” Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 52, ...
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  49.  9
    Ethics and Health Technology Assessment.Richard Ashcroft - 1999 - Monash Bioethics Review 18 (2):15-24.
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  50. Can Kant Have an Account of Moral Education?Kate A. Moran - 2009 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 43 (4):471-484.
    There is an apparent tension between Immanuel Kant's model of moral agency and his often-neglected philosophy of moral education. On the one hand, Kant's account of moral knowledge and decision-making seems to be one that can be self-taught. Kant's famous categorical imperative and related 'fact of reason' argument suggest that we learn the content and application of the moral law on our own. On the other hand, Kant has a sophisticated and detailed account of moral education that goes well beyond (...)
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