Results for 'Kate Humphreys'

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  1.  6
    A Comparative Study of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy and Shared Reading for Chronic Pain.Josie Billington, Grace Farrington, Sofia Lampropoulou, Jamie Lingwood, Andrew Jones, James Ledson, Kate McDonnell, Nicky Duirs & Anne-Louise Humphreys - 2017 - Medical Humanities 43 (3):155-165.
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  2.  12
    Are There Perceptual Alterations in Modalities Other Than Vision?Marlene Behrmann, Cibu Thomas & Kate Humphreys - 2006 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 10 (6):258-264.
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  3.  14
    A Qualitative Evaluation of Information Leaflets for Gastroscopy Procedure.Kader Parahoo, Tanya Ridley, Kate Thompson, Vidar Melby & George Humphreys - 2003 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 9 (4):423-431.
  4.  1
    Teories de Causació I Explicació: Necessàriament Vertaderes o Domini-Específiques?Paul Humphreys - 2005 - Enrahonar: Quaderns de Filosofía 37:19-33.
    https://revistes.uab.cat/enrahonar/article/view/v37-humphreys.
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  5. Some Considerations on Conditional Chances.Paul Humphreys - 2004 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 55 (4):667-680.
    Four interpretations of single-case conditional propensities are described and it is shown that for each a version of what has been called ‘Humphreys' Paradox’ remains, despite the clarifying work of Gillies, McCurdy and Miller. This entails that propensities cannot be a satisfactory interpretation of standard probability theory. Introduction The basic issue The formal paradox Values of conditional propensities Interpretations of propensities McCurdy's response Miller's response Other possibilities 8.1 Temporal evolution 8.2 Renormalization 8.3 Causal influence Propensities to generate frequencies Conclusion.
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  6.  66
    Are There Algorithms That Discover Causal Structure?David Freedman & Paul Humphreys - 1999 - Synthese 121 (1-2):29-54.
    There have been many efforts to infer causation from association byusing statistical models. Algorithms for automating this processare a more recent innovation. In Humphreys and Freedman[(1996) British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 47, 113–123] we showed that one such approach, by Spirtes et al., was fatally flawed. Here we put our arguments in a broader context and reply to Korb and Wallace [(1997) British Journal for thePhilosophy of Science 48, 543–553] and to Spirtes et al.[(1997) British Journal for (...)
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  7. Exploring Buddhism.Christmas Humphreys - 1975 - Religious Studies 11 (4):503-505.
    The Buddhist field of knowledge is now so vast that few can master all of it, and the study and application of its principles must be a matter of choice. One may choose the magnificent moral philosophy of Theravada, the oldest school, or the Zen training of Japan; or special themes such as the doctrine of No-self, the Mahayana emphasis on compassion or the universal law of Karma and Rebirth. But the intense self-discipline needed for true spiritual experience calls for (...)
     
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  8. Exploring Buddhism.Christmas Humphreys - 2013 - Routledge.
    The Buddhist field of knowledge is now so vast that few can master all of it, and the study and application of its principles must be a matter of choice. One may choose the magnificent moral philosophy of Theravada, the oldest school, or the Zen training of Japan; or special themes such as the doctrine of No-self, the Mahayana emphasis on compassion or the universal law of Karma and Rebirth. But the intense self-discipline needed for true spiritual experience calls for (...)
     
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  9. Philosophical Papers.Paul Humphreys - 2019 - Oup Usa.
    This volume contains fifteen papers by Paul Humphreys, who has made important contributions to the philosophy of computer simulations, emergence, the philosophy of probability, probabilistic causality, and scientific explanation. It includes detailed postscripts to each section and a philosophical introduction. One of the papers is previously unpublished.
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  10. Strangeness of Gods: Historical Perspectives on the Interpretation of Athenian Religion.S. C. Humphreys - 2004 - Oxford University Press UK.
    The Strangeness of Gods combines studies of changes in modern interpretations of Greek religion with studies of changes in Athenian ritual. The combination is necessary in order to combat influential stereotypes: that Greek religion consisted of ritual without theological speculation, that ritual is inherently conservative. To re-examine the evidence for Greek rituals and their interpretation is also to re-examine our own preconceptions and prejudices. The argument presented by S. C. Humphreys tries to bring Greek texts closer to the `classic' (...)
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  11. Extending Ourselves: Computational Science, Empiricism, and Scientific Method.Paul Humphreys - 2004 - Oxford University Press.
    Computational methods have become the dominant technique in many areas of science. This book contains the first systematic philosophical account of these new methods and their consequences for scientific method. This book will be of interest to philosophers of science and to anyone interested in the role played by computers in modern science.
     
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  12. How Properties Emerge.Paul Humphreys - 1997 - Philosophy of Science 64 (1):1-17.
    A framework for representing a specific kind of emergent property instance is given. A solution to a generalized version of the exclusion argument is then provided and it is shown that upwards and downwards causation is unproblematical for that kind of emergence. One real example of this kind of emergence is briefly described and the suggestion made that emergence may be more common than current opinions allow.
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  13. The Philosophical Novelty of Computer Simulation Methods.Paul Humphreys - 2009 - Synthese 169 (3):615 - 626.
    Reasons are given to justify the claim that computer simulations and computational science constitute a distinctively new set of scientific methods and that these methods introduce new issues in the philosophy of science. These issues are both epistemological and methodological in kind.
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  14. Consciousness: Psychological and Philosophical Essays.Martin Davies & Glyn W. Humphreys (eds.) - 1993 - Blackwell.
  15.  22
    Toward a Theory of Human Memory: Data Structures and Access Processes.Michael S. Humphreys, Janet Wiles & Simon Dennis - 1994 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (4):655-667.
  16.  25
    Are There Independent Lexical and Nonlexical Routes in Word Processing? An Evaluation of the Dual-Route Theory of Reading.Glyn W. Humphreys & Lindsay J. Evett - 1985 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 8 (4):689-705.
  17.  7
    The Chances of Explanation.P. Humphreys - 1992 - Princeton Up.
  18. Automatic Guidance of Attention From Working Memory.David Soto, John Hodsoll, Pia Rotshtein & Glyn W. Humphreys - 2008 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 12 (9):342-348.
  19. Emergence, Not Supervenience.Paul W. Humphreys - 1997 - Philosophy of Science Supplement 64 (4):337-45.
    I argue that supervenience is an inadequate device for representing relations between different levels of phenomena. I then provide six criteria that emergent phenomena seem to satisfy. Using examples drawn from macroscopic physics, I suggest that such emergent features may well be quite common in the physical realm.
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  20. Synchronic and Diachronic Emergence.Paul Humphreys - 2008 - Minds and Machines 18 (4):431-442.
    I discuss here a number of different kinds of diachronic emergence, noting that they differ in important ways from synchronic conceptions. I argue that Bedau’s weak emergence has an essentially historical aspect, in that there can be two indistinguishable states, one of which is weakly emergent, the other of which is not. As a consequence, weak emergence is about tokens, not types, of states. I conclude by examining the question of whether the concept of weak emergence is too weak and (...)
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  21.  10
    Episodically Unique and Generalized Memories: Applications to Human and Animal Amnesics.Michael S. Humphreys, John D. Bain & J. S. Burt - 1989 - In S. Lewandowsky, J. M. Dunn & K. Kirsner (eds.), Implicit Memory: Theoretical Issues. Lawrence Erlbaum. pp. 139--156.
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  22.  17
    How Do Firms Comply with International Sustainability Standards? Processes and Consequences of Adopting the Global Reporting Initiative.Laurence Vigneau, Michael Humphreys & Jeremy Moon - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 131 (2):469-486.
    This paper addresses the issue of the influence of global governance institutions, particularly international sustainability standards, on a firm’s intra-organizational practices. More precisely, we provide an exploratory empirical view of the impact of the Global Reporting Initiative on a multinational corporation’s corporate social responsibility management practices. We investigate standard compliance by comparing the stated intention of the use of the GRI with its actual use and the consequent effects within the firm. Based on an in-depth case study, our findings illustrate (...)
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  23. Why Propensities Cannot Be Probabilities.Paul Humphreys - 1985 - Philosophical Review 94 (4):557-570.
  24.  19
    Interactions Between Object and Space Systems Revealed Through Neuropsychology.Glyn W. Humphreys & M. Jane Riddoch - 1993 - In David E. Meyer & Sylvan Kornblum (eds.), Attention and Performance Xiv. MIT Press. pp. 143--162.
  25.  3
    Systematic Analysis of Deficits in Visual Attention.John Duncan, Claus Bundesen, Andrew Olson, Glyn Humphreys, Swarup Chavda & Hitomi Shibuya - 1999 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 128 (4):450.
  26.  67
    Hierarchies, Similarity, and Interactivity in Object Recognition: “Category-Specific” Neuropsychological Deficits.Glyn W. Humphreys & Emer M. E. Forde - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (3):453-476.
    Category-specific impairments of object recognition and naming are among the most intriguing disorders in neuropsychology, affecting the retrieval of knowledge about either living or nonliving things. They can give us insight into the nature of our representations of objects: Have we evolved different neural systems for recognizing different categories of object? What kinds of knowledge are important for recognizing particular objects? How does visual similarity within a category influence object recognition and representation? What is the nature of our semantic knowledge (...)
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  27.  54
    Seeing It Differently: Visual Processing in Autism.M. BehrMann, C. Thomas & K. Humphreys - 2006 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 10 (6):258-264.
  28.  13
    2. Information Processing Systems Which Embody Computational Rules: The Connectionist Approach.Glyn W. Humphreys - 1986 - Mind and Language 1 (3):201-12.
  29.  72
    Computer Simulations.Paul Humphreys - 1990 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1990:497 - 506.
    This article provides a survey of some of the reasons why computational approaches have become a permanent addition to the set of scientific methods. The reasons for this require us to represent the relation between theories and their applications in a different way than do the traditional logical accounts extant in the philosophical literature. A working definition of computer simulations is provided and some properties of simulations are explored by considering an example from quantum chemistry.
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  30. Computational and Conceptual Emergence.Paul Humphreys - 2008 - Philosophy of Science 75 (5):584-594.
    A twofold taxonomy for emergence is presented into which a variety of contemporary accounts of emergence fit. The first taxonomy consists of inferential, conceptual, and ontological emergence; the second of diachronic and synchronic emergence. The adequacy of weak emergence, a computational form of inferential emergence, is then examined and its relationship to conceptual emergence and ontological emergence is detailed. †To contact the author, please write to: Corcoran Department of Philosophy, 120 Cocke Hall, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904‐4780; e‐mail: pwh2a@virginia.edu.
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  31.  10
    Escaping Capture: Bilingualism Modulates Distraction From Working Memory.Mireia Hernández, Albert Costa & Glyn W. Humphreys - 2012 - Cognition 122 (1):37-50.
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  32.  90
    Computational Models.Paul Humphreys - 2002 - Proceedings of the Philosophy of Science Association 2002 (3):S1-S11.
    A different way of thinking about how the sciences are organized is suggested by the use of cross‐disciplinary computational methods as the organizing unit of science, here called computational templates. The structure of computational models is articulated using the concepts of construction assumptions and correction sets. The existence of these features indicates that certain conventionalist views are incorrect, in particular it suggests that computational models come with an interpretation that cannot be removed as well as a prior justification. A form (...)
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  33.  13
    Sex Differences in Variability May Be More Important Than Sex Differences in Means.Lloyd G. Humphreys - 1988 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (2):195-196.
  34.  61
    Aspects of Emergence.Paul Humphreys - 1996 - Philosophical Topics 24 (1):53-71.
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  35.  58
    Domain-Specificity and Theory of Mind: Evaluating Neuropsychological Evidence.Ian A. Apperly, Dana Samson & Glyn W. Humphreys - 2005 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 9 (12):572-577.
  36.  36
    The Chances of Explanation: Causal Explanation in the Social, Medical and Physical Sciences.Paul Humphreys & Jim Woodward - 1993 - Philosophy of Science 60 (4):659.
  37.  3
    Sustained Vs. Transient Cognitive Control: Evidence of a Behavioral Dissociation.María Jesús Funes, Juan Lupiáñez & Glyn Humphreys - 2010 - Cognition 114 (3):338-347.
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  38.  80
    Computational Science and Scientific Method.Paul Humphreys - 1995 - Minds and Machines 5 (4):499-512.
    The process of constructing mathematical models is examined and a case made that the construction process is an integral part of the justification for the model. The role of heuristics in testing and modifying models is described and some consequences for scientific methodology are drawn out. Three different ways of constructing the same model are detailed to demonstrate the claims made here.
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  39. How to Define an Object: Evidence From the Effects of Action on Perception and Attention.Glyn W. Humphreys & M. Jane Riddoch - 2007 - Mind and Language 22 (5):534–547.
    We present work demonstrating that the nature of an object for our visual system depends on the actions we are programming and on the presence of action relations between stimuli. For example, patients who show visual extinction are more likely to become aware of two objects if the objects fall in appropriate visual locations for a common action. This effect of the action relations between objects is modulated both by the familiarity of the positioning of the objects for action, and (...)
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  40.  81
    Protecting Rainforest Realism.P. Kyle Stanford, Paul Humphreys, Katherine Hawley, James Ladyman & Don Ross - 2010 - Metascience 19 (2):161-185.
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  41. Distinguishing Intentions From Desires: Contributions of the Frontal and Parietal Lobes.Claudia Chiavarino, Ian A. Apperly & Glyn W. Humphreys - 2010 - Cognition 117 (2):203-216.
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  42. The Grand Leap. [REVIEW]P. Humphreys & D. Freedman - 1996 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 47 (1):113-123.
  43.  37
    Explanation as Condition Satisfaction.Paul Humphreys - 2014 - Philosophy of Science 81 (5):1103-1116.
    It is shown that three common conditions for scientific explanations are violated by a widely used class of domain-independent explanations. These explanations can accommodate both complex and noncomplex systems and do not require the use of detailed models of system-specific processes for their effectiveness, although they are compatible with such model-based explanations. The approach also shows how a clean separation can be maintained between mathematical representations and empirical content.
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  44. The New Theory of Reference: Kripke, Marcus, and its Origins.J. H. Fetzer & P. Humphreys (eds.) - 1998 - Kluwer Academic Publishers.
  45.  31
    Greater Unification Equals Greater Understanding?Paul Humphreys - 1993 - Analysis 53 (3):183 - 188.
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  46.  10
    Dividing the Self: Distinct Neural Substrates of Task-Based and Automatic Self-Prioritization After Brain Damage.Jie Sui, Magdalena Chechlacz & Glyn W. Humphreys - 2012 - Cognition 122 (2):150-162.
  47.  6
    Science Review in Research Ethics Committees: Double Jeopardy?S. Humphreys, H. Thomas & R. Martin - 2014 - Research Ethics 10 (4):227-237.
    Research ethics committees ‘ members’ perceptions of their role in regard to the science of research proposals are discussed. Our study, which involved the interviewing of 20 participants from amongst the UK’s independent ethics committees, revealed that the members consider that it is the role of the REC to examine and approve the scientific adequacy of the research – and this notwithstanding the fact that a more competent body will already have done this and even when that other body has (...)
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  48.  39
    Speculative Ontology.Paul Humphreys - 2013 - In Don Ross, James Ladyman & Harold Kincaid (eds.), Scientific Metaphysics. Oxford University Press. pp. 51.
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  49.  38
    Data Analysis: Models or Techniques? [REVIEW]Paul Humphreys - 2013 - Foundations of Science 18 (3):579-581.
    In this commentary to Napoletani et al. (Found Sci 16:1–20, 2011), we argue that the approach the authors adopt suggests that neural nets are mathematical techniques rather than models of cognitive processing, that the general approach dates as far back as Ptolemy, and that applied mathematics is more than simply applying results from pure mathematics.
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  50. Consciousness: A Mind and Language Reader.M. Davies & G. Humphreys (eds.) - 1993 - Blackwell.
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