Results for 'Katharina A. Paxman'

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  1.  41
    Feeling, Impulse and Changeability: The Role of Emotion in Hume's Theory of the Passions.Katharina A. Paxman - unknown
    Hume’s “impressions of reflection” is a category made up of all our non-sensory feelings, including “the passions and other emotions.” These two terms for affective mental states, ‘passion’ and ‘emotion’, are both used frequently in Hume’s work, and often treated by scholars as synonymous. I argue that Hume’s use of both ‘passion’ and ‘emotion’ in his discussions of affectivity reflects a conceptual distinction implicit in his work between what I label ‘attending emotions’ and ‘fully established passions.’ The former are the (...)
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  2.  81
    Imperceptible Impressions and Disorder in the Soul: A Characterization of the Distinction between Calm and Violent Passions in Hume.Katharina Paxman - 2015 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 13 (3):265-278.
    Hume's explanation of our tendency to confuse calm passions with reason due to lack of feeling appears to present a tension with his claim that we cannot be mistaken about our own impressions. I argue that the calm/violent distinction cannot be understood in terms of presence/absence of feeling. Rather, for Hume the presence or absence of disruption and disordering of natural and/or customary modes of thought is the key distinction between the calm and violent passions. This reading provides new explanations (...)
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  3.  10
    Hume, Passion, and Action by Elizabeth Radcliffe.Katharina Paxman - 2021 - Hume Studies 44 (1):113-116.
    It is a challenge to write a book on a topic that has received extensive treatment in philosophical discourse—especially when said treatment has been varied in purpose, angle, and aim. Hume’s work on the relationship between passion and action is one such topic. Scholarship on this theme has ranged from historically situated interpretive work, to theoretical work that assumes a Kantian foil, to the robust discourse of contemporary Humean views. In her book, Hume, Passion, and Action, Elizabeth Radcliffe has taken (...)
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  4.  34
    Reason in Hume's Passions.Nathan Brett & Katharina Paxman - 2008 - Hume Studies 34 (1):43-59.
    Hume is famous for the view that "reason is, and ought only to be, the slave of the passions." His claim that "we are no sooner acquainted with the impossibility of satisfying any desire, than the desire itself vanishes" is less well known. Each seems, in opposite ways, shocking to common sense. This paper explores the latter claim, looking for its source in Hume's account of the passions and exploring its compatibility with his associationist psychology. We are led to the (...)
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  5. Reason in Hume’s Passions.Nathan Brett & Katharina Paxman - 2008 - Hume Studies 34 (1):43-59.
    Hume is famous for the view that “reason is, and ought only to be, the slave of the passions.” His claim that “we are no sooner acquainted with the impossibility of satisfying any desire, than the desire itself vanishes” is less well known. Each seems, in opposite ways, shocking to common sense. This paper explores the latter claim, looking for its source in Hume’s account of the passions and exploring its compatibility with his associationist psychology. We are led to the (...)
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  6.  60
    Solving the Puzzle about Early Belief‐Ascription.Katharina A. Helming, Brent Strickland & Pierre Jacob - 2016 - Mind and Language 31 (4):438-469.
    Developmental psychology currently faces a deep puzzle: most children before 4 years of age fail elicited-response false-belief tasks, but preverbal infants demonstrate spontaneous false-belief understanding. Two main strategies are available: cultural constructivism and early-belief understanding. The latter view assumes that failure at elicited-response false-belief tasks need not reflect the inability to understand false beliefs. The burden of early-belief understanding is to explain why elicited-response false-belief tasks are so challenging for most children under 4 years of age. The goal of this (...)
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  7.  32
    Connecting action control and agency: Does action-effect binding affect temporal binding?Katharina A. Schwarz, Lisa Weller, Roland Pfister & Wilfried Kunde - 2019 - Consciousness and Cognition 76:102833.
  8.  20
    Action-effect binding and agency.Katharina A. Schwarz, Sebastian Burger, David Dignath, Wilfried Kunde & Roland Pfister - 2018 - Consciousness and Cognition 65:304-309.
  9.  19
    Never run a changing system: Action-effect contingency shapes prospective agency.Katharina A. Schwarz, Annika L. Klaffehn, Nicole Hauke-Forman, Felicitas V. Muth & Roland Pfister - 2022 - Cognition 229 (C):105250.
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  10.  19
    Something from nothing: Agency for deliberate nonactions.Lisa Weller, Katharina A. Schwarz, Wilfried Kunde & Roland Pfister - 2020 - Cognition 196 (C):104136.
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  11.  57
    Sergej N. bulgakov, Trudy O troichnosti.Katharina A. Breckner - 2002 - Studies in East European Thought 54 (3):237-239.
  12.  41
    Sergej N. bulgakov, Trudy O troichnosti.Katharina A. Breckner - 2003 - Studies in East European Thought 55 (3):237-239.
  13.  41
    F. björling (ed.), On the verge. Russian thought between the nineteenth and the twentieth centuries.Katharina A. Breckner - 2003 - Studies in East European Thought 55 (3):257-261.
  14.  10
    Virtue, piety and the law: a study of Birgivī Meḥmed Efendī's al-Ṭarīqa al-Muḥammadīyya.Katharina A. Ivanyi - 2021 - Leiden, The Netherlands: Koninklijke Brill NV.
    In Virtue, Piety and the Law Katharina Ivanyi examines Birgivī Meḥmed Efendī's (d. 981/1573) al-Ṭarīqa al-muḥammadiyya, a major work of pietist exhortation and advice, composed by the sixteenth-century Ottoman jurist, Ḥadīth scholar and grammarian, who would articulate a style of religiosity that had considerable reformist appeal into modern times. Linking the cultivation of individual virtue to questions of wider political, social and economic concern, Birgivīplayed a significant role in the negotiation and articulation of early modern Ottoman Ḥanafīpiety. Birgivī's deep (...)
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  15.  10
    Should We Pre-date the Beginning of Scientific Psychology to 1787?Roland Pfister & Katharina A. Schwarz - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  16.  31
    Response to Holroyd et al.: oscillation dynamics enable (the investigation of) networks.Michael X. Cohen, Katharina A. Wilmes & Irene van de Vijver - 2012 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 16 (4):193.
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  17.  4
    F. Björling (ed.), On the Verge. Russian Thought Between the Nineteenth and the Twentieth Centuries. [REVIEW]Katharina A. Breckner - 2003 - Studies in East European Thought 55 (3):257-261.
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  18.  28
    Good things peak in pairs: a note on the bimodality coefficient.Roland Pfister, Katharina A. Schwarz, Markus Janczyk, Rick Dale & Johnathan B. Freeman - 2013 - Frontiers in Psychology 4.
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  19.  4
    Sergej N. Bulgakov, Trudy o Troichnosti. [REVIEW]Katharina A. Breckner - 2003 - Studies in East European Thought 55 (3):254-257.
  20.  14
    To prevent means to know: Explicit but no implicit agency for prevention behavior.Roland Pfister, Solveig Tonn, Lisa Weller, Wilfried Kunde & Katharina A. Schwarz - 2021 - Cognition 206 (C):104489.
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  21.  10
    Toward an Integrated Model of Supportive Peer Relationships in Early Adolescence: A Systematic Review and Exploratory Meta-Analysis.Marija Mitic, Kate A. Woodcock, Michaela Amering, Ina Krammer, Katharina A. M. Stiehl, Sonja Zehetmayer & Beate Schrank - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Supportive peer relationships are crucial for mental and physical health. Early adolescence is an especially important period in which peer influence and school environment strongly shape psychological development and maturation of core social-emotional regulatory functions. Yet, there is no integrated evidence based model of SPR in this age group to inform future research and practice. The current meta-analysis synthetizes evidence from 364 studies into an integrated model of potential determinants of SPR in early adolescence. The model encompasses links with 93 (...)
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  22.  86
    Understanding Human Navigation Using Network Analysis.S. R. Sudarshan Iyengar, C. E. Veni Madhavan, Katharina A. Zweig & Abhiram Natarajan - 2012 - Topics in Cognitive Science 4 (1):121-134.
    We have considered a simple word game called the word-morph. After making our participants play a stipulated number of word-morph games, we have analyzed the experimental data. We have given a detailed analysis of the learning involved in solving this word game. We propose that people are inclined to learn landmarks when they are asked to navigate from a source to a destination. We note that these landmarks are nodes that have high closeness-centrality ranking.
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  23. Hume on the minds of women.Katharina Paxman & Kristen Blair - 2018 - In Angela Michelle Coventry & Alex Sager (eds.), _The Humean Mind_. New York: Routledge.
     
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  24.  36
    The Movement of Feeling and the Genesis of Character in Hume.Katharina Paxman - 2015 - Res Philosophica 92 (3):569-593.
    This paper is concerned with the question of how affect, or feeling, moves through and ultimately shapes the Humean mental landscape, with particular focus on the question of how this constantly changing geography of feeling results in the kind of enduring dispositions and tendencies necessary for the existence of character, an essential component of Hume’s moral philosophy. Section 1 looks at the concept of ‘attending emotion’ and outlines two important principles of mind Hume introduces in Book II of the Treatise: (...)
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  25.  24
    Promises and Pitfalls of Algorithm Use by State Authorities.Maryam Amir Haeri, Kathrin Hartmann, Jürgen Sirsch, Georg Wenzelburger & Katharina A. Zweig - 2022 - Philosophy and Technology 35 (2):1-31.
    Algorithmic systems are increasingly used by state agencies to inform decisions about humans. They produce scores on risks of recidivism in criminal justice, indicate the probability for a job seeker to find a job in the labor market, or calculate whether an applicant should get access to a certain university program. In this contribution, we take an interdisciplinary perspective, provide a bird’s eye view of the different key decisions that are to be taken when state actors decide to use an (...)
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  26.  17
    Burdens of non-conformity: Motor execution reveals cognitive conflict during deliberate rule violations.Roland Pfister, Robert Wirth, Katharina A. Schwarz, Marco Steinhauser & Wilfried Kunde - 2016 - Cognition 147 (C):93-99.
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  27.  28
    Why Is It ethical? Comparing Potential European Partners: A Western Christian and An Eastern Islamic Country – On Arguments Used in Explaining Ethical Judgments.Katharina J. Srnka, A. Ercan Gegez & S. Burak Arzova - 2007 - Journal of Business Ethics 74 (2):101-118.
    Located at the crossroads of the Eastern and Western world, Turkey today is characterized by a demographically versatile and modernizing society as well as a rapidly developing economy. Currently, the country is negotiating its accession to the European Union. This article yields some factual grounding into the ongoing value-related debate concerning Turkey's potential EU-membership. It describes a mixed-methodology study on moral reasoning in Austria and Turkey. In this study, the arguments given by individuals when evaluating ethically problematic situations in business (...)
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  28.  39
    Why is it (un-)ethical? Comparing potential european partners: A western Christian and an eastern islamic country – on arguments used in explaining ethical judgments. [REVIEW]Katharina J. Srnka, A. Ercan Gegez & S. Burak Arzova - 2007 - Journal of Business Ethics 74 (2):101 - 118.
    Located at the crossroads of the Eastern and Western world, Turkey today is characterized by a demographically versatile and modernizing society as well as a rapidly developing economy. Currently, the country is negotiating its accession to the European Union. This article yields some factual grounding into the ongoing value-related debate concerning Turkey's potential EU-membership. It describes a mixed-methodology study on moral reasoning in Austria and Turkey. In this study, the arguments given by individuals when evaluating ethically problematic situations in business (...)
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  29.  8
    Reducing Generalization of Conditioned Fear: Beneficial Impact of Fear Relevance and Feedback in Discrimination Training.Katharina Herzog, Marta Andreatta, Kristina Schneider, Miriam A. Schiele, Katharina Domschke, Marcel Romanos, Jürgen Deckert & Paul Pauli - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Anxiety patients over-generalize fear, possibly because of an incapacity to discriminate threat and safety signals. Discrimination trainings are promising approaches for reducing such fear over-generalization. Here we investigated the efficacy of a fear-relevant vs. a fear-irrelevant discrimination training on fear generalization and whether the effects are increased with feedback during training. Eighty participants underwent two fear acquisition blocks, during which one face, but not another face, was associated with a female scream. During two generalization blocks, both CSs plus four morphs (...)
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  30.  42
    A Practical Ethics of Care: Tinkering with Different ‘Goods’ in Residential Nursing Homes.Katharina Molterer, Patrizia Hoyer & Chris Steyaert - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 165 (1):95-111.
    In this paper, we argue that ‘good care’ in residential nursing homes is enacted through different care practices that are either inspired by a ‘professional logic of care’ that aims for justice and non-maleficence in the professional treatment of residents, or by a ‘relational logic of care’, which attends to the relational quality and the meaning of interpersonal connectedness in people’s lives. Rather than favoring one care logic over the other, this paper indicates how important aspects of care are constantly (...)
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  31.  41
    The Use of Social Robots and the Uncanny Valley Phenomenon.Melinda A. Mende, Martin H. Fischer & Katharina Kühne - 2019 - In Yuefang Zhou & Martin H. Fischer (eds.), Ai Love You : Developments in Human-Robot Intimate Relationships. Springer Verlag.
    Social robots are increasingly used in different areas of society such as public health, elderly care, education, and commerce. They have also been successfully employed in autism spectrum disorders therapy with children. Humans strive to find in them not only assistants but also friends. Although forms and functionalities of such robots vary, there is a strong tendency to anthropomorphize artificial agents, making them look and behave as human as possible and imputing human attributes to them. The more human a robot (...)
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  32.  94
    A Systematic Review Examining the Relationship Between Habit and Physical Activity Behavior in Longitudinal Studies.Katharina Feil, Sarah Allion, Susanne Weyland & Darko Jekauc - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Purpose: To explain physical activity behavior, social-cognitive theories were most commonly used in the past. Besides conscious processes, the approach of dual processes additionally incorporates non-conscious regulatory processes into physical activity behavior theories. Habits are one of various non-conscious variables that can influence behavior and thus play an important role in terms of behavior change. The aim of this review was to examine the relationship between habit strength and physical activity behavior in longitudinal studies.Methods: According to the PRISMA guidelines, a (...)
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  33.  5
    Toward a Contextually Valid Assessment of Partner Violence: Development and Psycho-Sociometric Evaluation of the Gendered Violence in Partnerships Scale.Katharina Goessmann, Hawkar Ibrahim, Laura B. Saupe & Frank Neuner - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    This article presents a new measure for intimate partner violence, the Gendered Violence in Partnerships Scale. The scale was developed in the Middle East with the aim to contribute to the global perspective on IPV by providing a contextual assessment tool for partner violence against women in violent-torn settings embedded in a patriarchal social structure. In an effort to generate a scale including IPV items relevant to the women of the population, a pragmatic step-wise procedure, with focus group discussions and (...)
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  34.  21
    Good Scientific Practice: Developing a Curriculum for Medical Students in Germany.Katharina Fuerholzer, Maximilian Schochow & Florian Steger - 2020 - Science and Engineering Ethics 26 (1):127-139.
    German medical schools have not yet sufficiently introduced students to the field of good scientific practice. In order to prevent scientific misconduct and to foster scientific integrity, courses on GSP must be an integral part of the curriculum of medical students. Based on a review of the literature, teaching units and materials for two courses on GSP were developed and tested in a pilot course. The pilot course was accompanied by a pre-post evaluation that assessed students’ knowledge and attitudes towards (...)
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  35.  11
    Is neural entrainment to rhythms the basis of social bonding through music?Jessica A. Grahn, Anna-Katharina R. Bauer & Anna Zamm - 2021 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 44.
    Music uses the evolutionarily unique temporal sensitivity of the auditory system and its tight coupling to the motor system to create a common neurophysiological clock between individuals that facilitates action coordination. We propose that this shared common clock arises from entrainment to musical rhythms, the process by which partners' brains and bodies become temporally aligned to the same rhythmic pulse.
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  36. Royal college of defence studies ma/diploma international studies: Term 2 2004 united kingdom.Essential Reading, J. Paxman, C. Aslet, R. Colls, P. Hitchens & A. Marr - 2000 - Theory and Society 29:575-608.
     
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  37. Use and Usefulness of Dynamic Face Stimuli for Face Perception Studies—a Review of Behavioral Findings and Methodology.Katharina Dobs, Isabelle Bülthoff & Johannes Schultz - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  38.  6
    Das a-spirierte Selbst: George Pattison und die Reflexion spiritueller Erfahrungen.Katharina Opalka - 2024 - Neue Zeitschrift für Systematicsche Theologie Und Religionsphilosophie 66 (1):47-57.
    Zusammenfassung Die Rezension behandelt George Pattisons Phänomenologie eines christlichen, a-spirierten Leben im ersten Band seiner dreibändig angelegten Philosophy of Christian Life. Dabei wird insbesondere Folgendes fokussiert: Die Art, wie Pattison die von Franz von Sales entlehnte Person der Philothea als Figuration frommen Lebens nutzt; die Frage nach der Möglichkeit von a-spirierten Leben in institutionellen Machtstrukturen und die medio-passive Konstitution des devout life.
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  39.  34
    Technomoral Resilience as a Goal of Moral Education.Katharina Bauer & Julia Hermann - 2024 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 27 (1):57-72.
    In today’s highly dynamic societies, moral norms and values are subject to change. Moral change is partly driven by technological developments. For instance, the introduction of robots in elderly care practices requires caregivers to share moral responsibility with a robot (see van Wynsberghe 2013 ). Since we do not know what elements of morality will change and how they will change (see van der Burg 2003 ), moral education should aim at fostering what has been called “moral resilience” (Swierstra 2013 (...)
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  40.  5
    Women at Qumr'n? Between texts and objectsDes femmes à Qumr'n? Entre textes et objets.Katharina Galor - 2015 - Clio 40.
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  41.  17
    Circulation as a Visual Practice.Katharina Steiner & Lukas Engelmann - 2023 - Berichte Zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte 46 (2-3):143-157.
    This special issue looks at some of the ways that images are adopted, co‐opted, and adapted in the life sciences and beyond. It brings together papers that investigate the role of visualization in scientific knowledge‐production with contributions that focus on the distribution and dissemination of knowledge to a broader audience. A commentary provides a critical perspective. In this editorial we introduce circulation as a practice to better understand scientific images. Along two themes, we highlight connections across the papers. First, the (...)
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  42.  8
    A Poetics of Competition in Conjugal Bedroom Conversation in the “Iliad”, the “Odyssey”, and the “Argonautica”.Katharina Epstein - 2020 - Hermes 148 (2):128.
    Both aggressive and non-aggressive strategies of competition pervade the poetics of the “Iliad”, the “Odyssey”, and the “Argonautica”, shaping the expression of narrator-ethos and implicit standards of poetic quality. Studying a poetics of competition in scenes of conjugal bedroom conversation in Il. 3.421-448, Od. 23.295-343, and A. R. 4.1068-1111 benefits understanding of the text-immanent strategies employed to achieve and advertise the superior quality of these poems. The poetics of competition in Il. 3.421-448 can be read against Middle-Eastern poetry and the (...)
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  43.  6
    Voyage Into Language: Space and the Linguistic Encounter, 1500-1800.David B. Paxman - 2003 - Routledge.
    David B. Paxman explores the connections between perceived space and language citing for example Cassirer's observation that since all of our knowledge of phenomena ultimately dissolves into a knowledge of temporal and spatial relations, this constitutes the truly objectifying principle of knowledge.
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  44.  19
    The Tyranny of Political Correctness? A Game‐Theoretic Model of Social Norms and Implicit Bias.Katharina Berndt Rasmussen & Nicolas Olsson Yaouzis - 2024 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 41 (1):122-144.
    This article sets out to describe and solve two puzzles that emerge in segregated labour markets (e.g. the USA or Sweden). First, in many hiring contexts people profess to adhere to egalitarian norms, and specifically to a qualification norm according to which job qualification should be the basis of employment. Still there is evidence of frequent norm violations (discrimination). Surprisingly, the norm persists and people do not frequently protest against such norm violations. The second puzzle is that people are suspicious (...)
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  45. Number words and reference to numbers.Katharina Felka - 2014 - Philosophical Studies 168 (1):261-282.
    A realist view of numbers often rests on the following thesis: statements like ‘The number of moons of Jupiter is four’ are identity statements in which the copula is flanked by singular terms whose semantic function consists in referring to a number (henceforth: Identity). On the basis of Identity the realists argue that the assertive use of such statements commits us to numbers. Recently, some anti-realists have disputed this argument. According to them, Identity is false, and, thus, we may deny (...)
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  46.  16
    The Multifaceted Nature of Alexithymia – A Neuroscientific Perspective.Katharina S. Goerlich - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  47.  27
    Learning What to See in a Changing World.Katharina Schmack, Veith Weilnhammer, Jakob Heinzle, Klaas E. Stephan & Philipp Sterzer - 2016 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
  48.  21
    Beyond Dizziness: Virtual Navigation, Spatial Anxiety and Hippocampal Volume in Bilateral Vestibulopathy.Olympia Kremmyda, Katharina Hüfner, Virginia L. Flanagin, Derek A. Hamilton, Jennifer Linn, Michael Strupp, Klaus Jahn & Thomas Brandt - 2016 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
  49.  45
    Relational Capacity: Broadening the Notion of Decision-Making Capacity in Paediatric Healthcare.Katharina M. Ruhe, Eva De Clercq, Tenzin Wangmo & Bernice S. Elger - 2016 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 13 (4):515-524.
    Problems arise when applying the current procedural conceptualization of decision-making capacity to paediatric healthcare: Its emphasis on content-neutrality and rational cognition as well as its implicit assumption that capacity is an ability that resides within a person jeopardizes children’s position in decision-making. The purpose of the paper is to challenge this dominant account of capacity and provide an alternative for how capacity should be understood in paediatric care. First, the influence of developmental psychologist Jean Piaget upon the notion of capacity (...)
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  50.  80
    Reasoning by Precedent—Between Rules and Analogies.Katharina Stevens - 2018 - Legal Theory 24 (3):216-254.
    This paper investigates the process of reasoning through which a judge determines whether a precedent-case gives her a binding reason to follow in her present-case. I review the objections that have been raised against the two main accounts of reasoning by precedent: the rule-account and the analogy-account. I argue that both accounts can be made viable by amending them to meet the objections. Nonetheless, I believe that there is an argument for preferring accounts that integrate analogical reasoning: any account of (...)
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