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  1. Does the four score correctly diagnose the vegetative and minimally conscious states?Richard Malone, Caroline Schnakers & Kathleen Kalmar - unknown
    Wijdicks and colleagues1 recently presented the Full Outline of UnResponsiveness (FOUR) scale as an alternative to the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS)2 in the evaluation of consciousness in severely brain-damaged patients. They studied 120 patients in an intensive care setting (mainly neuro-intensive care) and claimed that “the FOUR score detects a locked-in syndrome, as well as the presence of a vegetative state.”1 We fully agree that the FOUR is advantageous in identifying locked-in patients given that it specifically tests for eye movements (...)
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    Does the FOUR score correctly diagnose the vegetative and minimally conscious states?Caroline Schnakers, Joseph Giacino, Kathleen Kalmar, Sonia Piret, Eduardo Lopez, Mélanie Boly, Richard Malone & Steven Laureys - 2006 - Annals of Neurology 60 (6):744-745.
  3. The vegetative and minimally conscious states: A comparison of clinical features and functional outcome.Joseph T. Giacino & Kathleen Kalmar - 1997 - Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilation 12:36-51.
  4. Diagnostic and prognostic guidelines for the vegetative and minimally conscious states.Joseph T. Giacino & Kathleen Kalmar - 2005 - Neuropsychological Rehabilitation. Vol 15 (3-4):166-174.