4 found
  1. Does the Four Score Correctly Diagnose the Vegetative and Minimally Conscious States?Richard Malone, Caroline Schnakers & Kathleen Kalmar - unknown
    Wijdicks and colleagues1 recently presented the Full Outline of UnResponsiveness (FOUR) scale as an alternative to the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS)2 in the evaluation of consciousness in severely brain-damaged patients. They studied 120 patients in an intensive care setting (mainly neuro-intensive care) and claimed that “the FOUR score detects a locked-in syndrome, as well as the presence of a vegetative state.”1 We fully agree that the FOUR is advantageous in identifying locked-in patients given that it specifically tests for eye movements (...)
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  2. The Vegetative and Minimally Conscious States: A Comparison of Clinical Features and Functional Outcome.Joseph T. Giacino & Kathleen Kalmar - 1997 - Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilation 12:36-51.
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    Does the FOUR Score Correctly Diagnose the Vegetative and Minimally Conscious States?Caroline Schnakers, Joseph Giacino, Kathleen Kalmar, Sonia Piret, Eduardo Lopez, Mélanie Boly, Richard Malone & Steven Laureys - 2006 - Annals of Neurology 60 (6):744-745.
  4. Diagnostic and Prognostic Guidelines for the Vegetative and Minimally Conscious States.Joseph T. Giacino & Kathleen Kalmar - 2005 - Neuropsychological Rehabilitation. Vol 15 (3-4):166-174.