Results for 'Kathleen Rita Gibson'

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  1.  16
    A Developmental Model for the Evolution of Language and Intelligence in Early Hominids.Sue Taylor Parker & Kathleen Rita Gibson - 1979 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 2 (3):367-381.
  2.  30
    Cortical Maturation: An Antecedent of Piaget's Behavioral Stages.Kathleen R. Gibson - 1978 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 1 (2):188-188.
  3.  19
    Solving the Language Origins Puzzle: Collecting and Assembling All Pertinent Pieces.Kathleen R. Gibson - 1995 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 18 (1):189-190.
    Wilkins & Wakefield fall short of solving the language origin puzzle because they underestimate the cognitive and linguistic capacities of great apes. A focus on ape capacities leads to the recognition of varied levels of cognition and language and to a gradualistic model of language emergence in which early hominid language skills exceed those of the apes but fall far short of those of modern humans or later fossil hominid groups.
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  4.  18
    Continuity Versus Discontinuity Theories of the Evolution of Human and Animal Minds.Kathleen R. Gibson - 1991 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (4):560-560.
  5.  16
    Genetically Determined Neural Modules Versus Mental Constructional Acts in the Genesis of Human Intelligence.Kathleen R. Gibson - 1991 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (2):308-309.
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  6.  11
    Human Tool-Making Capacities Reflect Increased Information-Processing Capacities: Continuity Resides in the Eyes of the Beholder.Kathleen R. Gibson - 2012 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 35 (4):225-226.
    Chimpanzee/human technological differences are vast, reflect multiple interacting behavioral processes, and may result from the increased information-processing and hierarchical mental constructional capacities of the human brain. Therefore, advanced social, technical, and communicative capacities probably evolved together in concert with increasing brain size. Interpretations of these evolutionary and species differences as continuities or discontinuities reflect differing scientific perspectives.
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  7.  7
    Brain Structure, Piaget, and Adaptatison, or, “No, I Think, Therefore I Eat”.Kathleen R. Gibson & Sue T. Parker - 1982 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 5 (2):288-293.
  8.  8
    Asking the Right Questions: Other Approaches to the Mind-Brain Problem.Kathleen R. Gibson - 1978 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 1 (3):354-355.
  9.  3
    Sociobiology, Brain Maturation, and Infantile Filial Attachment.Kathleen R. Gibson - 1978 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 1 (3):446-446.
  10.  3
    Tool Use in Cebus Monkeys: Moving From Orthodox to Neo-Piagetian Analyses.Kathleen R. Gibson - 1989 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 12 (3):598-599.
  11. Fish, Sea Snakes, Dolphins, Teeth and Brains – Some Evolutionary Paradoxes.Kathleen R. Gibson - 1988 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (1):93-94.
  12. Ludwig Wittgenstein, Dictating Philosophy To Francis Skinner: The Wittgenstein-Skinner Manuscripts. Transcribed and Edited, with an Introduction, Introductory Chapters and Notes by Arthur Gibson.Arthur Gibson & Niamh O'Mahony (eds.) - forthcoming - Berlin, Germany: Springer.
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  13. Plato and Darwin, a Philosophic Dialogue, Tr. With an Intr. By the Hon. W. Gibson.Marcel Hébert & William Gibson - 1899
     
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  14.  19
    Review of “The Oxford Handbook of Language Evolution” (Eds. Maggie Tallerman and Kathleen R. Gibson). [REVIEW]Caroline Lyon - 2014 - Interaction Studies 15 (1):129-142.
  15.  42
    Fiction and the Weave of Life.John Gibson - 2007 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Literary fiction is of crucial importance in human life. It is a source of understanding and insight into the nature of the human condition, yet ever since Plato, philosophers have struggled to provide a plausible explanation of how this can be the case. For surely the fictionality - the sheer invented character - of the literary text means that fiction presents not our world, but other worlds? In Fiction and the Weave of Life, John Gibson offers a novel and (...)
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  16.  7
    Fiction and the Weave of Life. [REVIEW]John Gibson - 2009 - Analysis 69 (3):594-596.
    The cognitivist/non-cognitivist debate about the nature and value of literary fiction has witnessed a lot of spilled ink amongst philosophers over the past decade. Gibson characterizes this debate as a conflict between two apparently incompatible intuitions: the ‘humanist’ intuition that works of literary fiction have some sort of cognitive value in telling us about the world, and the ‘sceptical’ anti-humanist intuition that such works, and their proper appreciation, are not essentially concerned with the notions of truth and knowledge. The (...)
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  17.  23
    Processing Relative Clauses in Supportive Contexts.Evelina Fedorenko, Steve Piantadosi & Edward Gibson - 2012 - Cognitive Science 36 (3):471-497.
    Results from two self-paced reading experiments in English are reported in which subject- and object-extracted relative clauses (SRCs and ORCs, respectively) were presented in contexts that support both types of relative clauses (RCs). Object-extracted versions were read more slowly than subject-extracted versions across both experiments. These results are not consistent with a decay-based working memory account of dependency formation where the amount of decay is a function of the number of new discourse referents that intervene between the dependents (Gibson, (...)
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  18.  47
    Ethics and Business: An Introduction.Kevin Gibson - 2007 - Cambridge University Press.
    In this lively undergraduate textbook, Kevin Gibson explores the relationship between ethics and the world of business, and how we can serve the interests of both. He builds a philosophical groundwork that can be applied to a wide range of issues in ethics and business, and shows readers how to assess dilemmas critically and work to resolve them on a principled basis. Using case studies drawn from around the world, he examines topics including stakeholder responsibilities, sustainability, corporate social responsibility, (...)
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  19.  87
    The Case for Euthanasia and Physician-Assisted Suicide.Robin Gibson - 2013 - The Australian Humanist 109 (109):11.
    Gibson, Robin The concept of dying by euthanasia and indeed physician-assisted suicide is a highly emotive one. Assisted dying arouses intense feelings both in favour and against. The prospect of enduring a long drawn out dying process generates both fear and apprehension in both terminally ill and chronically ill patients. Many of them wish to choose the time and manner of their death. On the other side, passionate, mainly religious groups have campaigned long and hard to deny suffering people (...)
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  20.  43
    The Limits of Black Political Empowerment: Fanon, Marx, 'the Poors' and the 'New Reality of the Nation' in South Africa.Nigel Gibson - 2005 - Theoria 44 (107):89-118.
    In an earlier paper, written in reaction to those who argued that the African National Congress (ANC) had no alternative but to implement neoliberal economic policies in the context of the 'Washington Consensus', I discussed the strategic choices and ideological pitfalls of the 'political class' who took over state power in South Africa after the end of apartheid and implemented its own homegrown structural adjustment programme (Gibson 2001). Much of this transition has been scripted by political science 'transition literature' (...)
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  21.  9
    文人维特根斯坦.John Gibson & Wolfgang Huemer (eds.) - 2008 - Sanhui.
    Translation of _The Literary Wittgenstein_ (ed. by John Gibson and Wolfgang Huemer, London: Routledge, 2004). Simplified Chinese. ISBN 978-7-80762-896-5.
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  22. Locke's Theory Knowledge and its Historical Relations.James Gibson - 2011 - Cambridge University Press.
    John Locke is probably one of the highest-regarded English philosophers, and the first of the British empiricists. His ideas on the mind and consciousness have continued to resonate throughout philosophy and philosophical thought ever since An Essay Concerning Human Understanding first appeared in 1690. James Gibson's Locke's Theory of Knowledge and its Historical Relations was first published in 1917, and saw its fourth reprinting in 1968. Here, it is made available for the first time in paperback. This hugely detailed (...)
     
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  23.  20
    Metaphysics and Transcendence.Arthur Gibson - 2003 - Routledge.
    Metaphysics and Transcendence takes up this story for the future. Arthur Gibson presents a new metaphysics with a genealogy based on counter-intuition and locates counter-intuition and complexity at the foundations of truth. Having devised fresh concepts on the basis of the new frontiers of science and philosophy, the author presents original explanations of transcendence arguing that just as we need revolutionary and original ways of depicting the physical world, so it is with such topics as God, miracles, the resurrection, (...)
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  24. The Limits of Language.W. Walker Gibson - 1962 - New York: Hill & Wang.
    Nature of the problem: Testimony from scientists. Reflex action and theism (1881) by W. James. The organization of thought (1916) by A.N. Whitehead. The changing scientific scene 1900-1950 (1952) by J.B. Conant. A note on methods of analysis (1943) by H.J. Muller. The way things are (1959) by P.W. Bridgman. A definition of style (1948) by J.R. Oppenheimer.--Consequences of the problem: Testimony from artists and writers. Existentialism (1947) by J.-P. Sartre. The testimony of modern art (1957) by W. Barrett. Parts (...)
     
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  25. The Ecological Approach to Visual Perception.James J. Gibson - 1979 - Houghton Mifflin.
    This is a book about how we see: the environment around us (its surfaces, their layout, and their colors and textures); where we are in the environment; whether or not we are moving and, if we are, where we are going; what things are good for; how to do things (to thread a needle or drive an automobile); or why things look as they do.The basic assumption is that vision depends on the eye which is connected to the brain. The (...)
  26.  15
    Rita Gross as Teacher, Mentor, Friend.Kathleen M. Erndl - 2011 - Buddhist-Christian Studies 31:57-61.
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  27.  64
    The Perception Of The Visual World.James J. Gibson - 1950 - Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
  28.  66
    Methodology in Business Ethics Research: A Review and Critical Assessment. [REVIEW]D. M. Randall & A. M. Gibson - 1990 - Journal of Business Ethics 9 (6):457 - 471.
    Using 94 published empirical articles in academic journals as a data base, this paper provides a critical review of the methodology employed in the study of ethical beliefs and behavior of organizational members. The review revealed that full methodological detail was provided in less than one half of the articles. Further, the majority of empirical research articles expressed no concern for the reliability or validity of measures, were characterized by low response rates, used convenience samples, and did not offer a (...)
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  29. The Moral Basis of Stakeholder Theory.Kevin Gibson - 2000 - Journal of Business Ethics 26 (3):245 - 257.
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  30. Perspectives on Quine.W. V. Quine, Robert B. Barrett & Roger F. Gibson (eds.) - 1990 - Blackwell.
     
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  31.  73
    New Reasons for Realism.James J. Gibson - 1967 - Synthese 17 (1):162 - 172.
    Both the psychology of perception and the philosophy of perception seem to show a new face when the process is considered at its own level, distinct from that of sensation. Unfamiliar conceptions in physics, anatomy, physiology, psychology, and phenomenology are required to clarify the separation and make it plausible. But there have been so many dead ends in the effort to solve the theoretical problems of perception that radical proposals may now be acceptable. Scientists are often more conservative than philosophers (...)
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  32. Cognitivism and the Arts.John Gibson - 2008 - Philosophy Compass 3 (4):573-589.
    Cognitivism in respect to the arts refers to a constellation of positions that share in common the idea that artworks often bear, in addition to aesthetic value, a significant kind of cognitive value. In this paper I concentrate on three things: (i) the challenge of understanding exactly what one must do if one wishes to defend a cognitivist view of the arts; (ii) common anti-cognitivist arguments; and (iii) promising recent attempts to defend cognitivism.
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  33.  95
    Complete Chemical Synthesis, Assembly, and Cloning of a Mycoplasma Genitalium Genome.Daniel Gibson, Benders G., A. Gwynedd, Cynthia Andrews-Pfannkoch, Evgeniya Denisova, Baden-Tillson A., Zaveri Holly, Stockwell Jayshree, B. Timothy, Anushka Brownley, David Thomas, Algire W., A. Mikkel, Chuck Merryman, Lei Young, Vladimir Noskov, Glass N., I. John, J. Craig Venter, Clyde Hutchison, Smith A. & O. Hamilton - 2008 - Science 319 (5867):1215--1220.
    We have synthesized a 582,970-base pair Mycoplasma genitalium genome. This synthetic genome, named M. genitalium JCVI-1.0, contains all the genes of wild-type M. genitalium G37 except MG408, which was disrupted by an antibiotic marker to block pathogenicity and to allow for selection. To identify the genome as synthetic, we inserted "watermarks" at intergenic sites known to tolerate transposon insertions. Overlapping "cassettes" of 5 to 7 kilobases (kb), assembled from chemically synthesized oligonucleotides, were joined by in vitro recombination to produce intermediate (...)
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  34. Relativistic Persistence.Ian Gibson & Oliver Pooley - 2006 - Philosophical Perspectives 20 (1):157–198.
    We have two aims in this paper. The first is to provide the reader with a critical guide to recent work on relativity and persistence by Balashov, Gilmore and others. Much of this work investigates whether endurantism can be sustained in the context of relativity. Several arguments have been advanced that aim to show that it cannot. We find these unpersuasive, and will add our own criticisms to those we review. Our second aim, which complements the first, is to demarcate (...)
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  35. Literature and Knowledge.John Gibson - 2009 - In Richard Eldridge (ed.), Oxford Handbook of Philosophy and Literature. Oxford University Press.
    What is the relation between works of fiction and the acquisition of knowledge?
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  36.  51
    Fairness, Feelings, and Ethical Decision- Making: Consequences of Violating Community Standards of Fairness. [REVIEW]Maurice E. Schweitzer & Donald E. Gibson - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 77 (3):287 - 301.
    In this article, we describe the influence of violations of community standards of fairness (Kahneman, Knetsch, and Thaler, 1986a) on subsequent ethical decision-making and emotions. Across two studies, we manipulated explanations for a common action, and we find that explanations that violate community standards of fairness (e.g., by taking advantage of an in crease in market power) lead to greater intentions to behave unethically than explanations that are consistent with community standards of fairness (e.g., by passing along a price increase). (...)
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  37. The Myth of Passive Perception: A Reply to Richards.James J. Gibson - 1976 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 37 (December):234-238.
  38. Between Truth and Triviality.John Gibson - 2003 - British Journal of Aesthetics 43 (3):224-237.
    A viable theory of literary humanism must do justice to the idea that literature offers cognitive rewards to the careful reader. There are, however, powerful arguments to the effect that literature is at best only capable of offering idle visions of a world already well known. In this essay I argue that there is a form of cognitive awareness left unmentioned in the traditional vocabulary of knowledge acquisition, a form of awareness literature is particularly capable of offering. Thus even if (...)
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  39.  37
    Ethical Decision Making in the Medical Profession: An Application of the Theory of Planned Behavior. [REVIEW]Donna M. Randall & Annetta M. Gibson - 1991 - Journal of Business Ethics 10 (2):111 - 122.
    The present study applied Ajzen's (1985) theory of planned behavior to the explanation of ethical decision making. Nurses in three hospitals were provided with scenarios that depicted inadequate patient care and asked if they would report health professionals responsible for the situation. Study results suggest that the theory of planned behavior can explain a significant amount of variation in the intent to report a colleague. Attitude toward performing the behavior explained a large portion of the variance; subjective norms explained a (...)
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  40. Are There Sensory Qualities of Objects?James J. Gibson - 1969 - Synthese 19 (April):408-409.
  41. Interpreting Words, Interpreting Worlds.John Gibson - 2006 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 64 (4):439–450.
    It is often assumed that literary meaning is essentially linguistic in nature and that literary interpretation is therefore a purely linguistic affair. This essay identifies a variety of literary meaning that cannot be reduced to linguistic meaning. Meaning of this sort is generated not by a communicative act so much as through a creative one: the construction of a fictional world. The way in which a fictional world can bear meaning turns out to be strikingly unlike the way a sentence (...)
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  42.  25
    Truth or Consequences: A Study of Critical Issues and Decision Making in Accounting. [REVIEW]Annetta M. Gibson & Albert H. Frakes - 1997 - Journal of Business Ethics 16 (2):161-171.
    This study applies a theoretical framework, the theory of reasoned action, to the examination of unethical decision making in job-related situations encountered by CPAs. A survey methodology was employed in which respondents were asked to use both self-reported and randomized response techniques for reporting unethical behavior. The results indicate that individuals are unwilling to accurately report either unethical behavior or intention, particularly in situations where there is no question as to the unacceptability of the action or the potential penalty as (...)
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  43.  20
    Health Care Ethics Committees: The Next Generation. [REVIEW]J. W. Ross, J. W. Glaser, D. Rasinski-Gregory, J. M. Gibson, C. Bayley & Giles R. Scofield - 1994 - HEC Forum 6 (3):157-162.
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  44. Games Students Play: Incorporating the Prisoner's Dilemma in Teaching Business Ethics. [REVIEW]Kevin Gibson - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 48 (1):53-64.
    The so-called "Prisoner''s Dilemma" is often referred to in business ethics, but probably not well understood. This article has three parts: (1) I claim that models derived from game theory are significant in the field for discussions of prudential ethics and the practical decisions managers make; (2) I discuss using them as a practical pedagogical exercise and some of the lessons generated; (3) more speculatively, I suggest that they are useful in discussions of corporate personhood.
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  45. Of One's Own Free Will.Dennis W. Stampe & Martha I. Gibson - 1992 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 52 (3):529-56.
  46. New Books. [REVIEW]F. N. Hales, W. H. Fairbrother, F. C. S. Schiller, S. H., A. E. Taylor, David Morrison, F. G. Nutt, B. Russell, W. R. Boyce Gibson, C. A. F. Rhys Davids, B. W. & T. Loveday - 1903 - Mind 12 (46):255-274.
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  47.  21
    Uses of Respect and Uses of the Human Embryo.Susanne Gibson - 2007 - Bioethics 21 (7):370–378.
  48.  34
    Teaching Ethical Decision Making: Designing a Personal Value Portrait to Ignite Creativity and Promote Personal Engagement in Case Method Analysis.Pamela A. Gibson - 2008 - Ethics and Behavior 18 (4):340 – 352.
    The case method approach to introducing ethical issues is a traditional tool for applying critical thinking skills to a specific dilemma. It allows for personal reflection and clarification of an individual's conceptual framework for deciding what is and is not ethical behavior. However, it also affords the student distance from the story line and may, through providing a retrospective critique, prevent sufficient challenge to the student to articulate and defend personal value assessments in addressing the ethical dynamics reflected in the (...)
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  49.  89
    Quine on Naturalism and Epistemology.RogerF Gibson - 1987 - Erkenntnis 27 (1):57 - 78.
    This paper traces out the sense and the source of quine's naturalism. Quine's usage of the term 'naturalism' has two senses: his negative usage amounts to a denial of first philosophy; his affirmative usage amounts to an affirmation of scientism. He argues the former largely on the grounds of holism. He argues the latter on the grounds of unregenerate realism. As quine's holism and unregenerate realism are themselves well grounded, So therefore is his naturalization of epistemology.
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  50.  78
    Quine's Dilemma.Roger F. Gibson - 1986 - Synthese 69 (1):27 - 39.
    Quine has long maintained in connection with his theses of under-determination of physical theory and indeterminacy of translation that there is a fact of the matter to physics but no fact of the matter to translation. In this paper, I investigate Quine's reasoning for this claim. I show that Quine's thinking about under-determination over the last twenty-five years has landed him in a contradiction: he says of two global physical theories that are empirically equivalent but logically incompatible that only one (...)
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