Results for 'Kathryn Hayes'

999 found
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  1.  10
    Narrowing the Discourse? Growing Precarity in Freelance Journalism and its Effect on the Construction of News Discourse.Kathryn Hayes & Henry Silke - 2019 - Critical Discourse Studies 16 (3):363-379.
    ABSTRACTAs the number of freelance journalists increases, the changing nature of work in journalism has effects and possible implications for the kinds of news discourses that are circulated. This paper explores the experiences of freelance journalists in the Republic of Ireland in the context of increasing casualised work. We consider whether challenging working conditions impacts the type of journalism work carried out by freelancers and by extension influences the construction of news and wider discourse. Following the constructionist school, this paper (...)
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  2. Charles Avison's Essay on Musical Expression with Related Writings by William Hayes and Charles Avison.Charles Avison, Pierre Dubois & William Hayes - 2004
     
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  3. Debate on Mental Images.Patrick J. Hayes & Nigel J. T. Thomas - manuscript
    This debate, principally between myself (Nigel Thomas) and Patrick Hayes, the well known computer scientist and Artificial Intelligence researcher, took place through the internet mailing list for the discussion of the scientific study of consciousness, PSYCHE-D (moderated by Patrick Wilken), which is associated with the on-line journal PSYCHE. The discussion touches on the various different senses in which the expression "mental image" may be used, the underlying cognitive mechanisms of imagery, and the relevance of an understanding of imagery to (...)
     
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  4. Virtual Symposium on Virtual Mind.Patrick Hayes, Stevan Harnad, Donald Perlis & Ned Block - 1992 - Minds and Machines 2 (3):217-238.
    When certain formal symbol systems (e.g., computer programs) are implemented as dynamic physical symbol systems (e.g., when they are run on a computer) their activity can be interpreted at higher levels (e.g., binary code can be interpreted as LISP, LISP code can be interpreted as English, and English can be interpreted as a meaningful conversation). These higher levels of interpretability are called "virtual" systems. If such a virtual system is interpretable as if it had a mind, is such a "virtual (...)
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  5. Fallibilism Democracy and the Market: The Meta-Theoretical Foundations of Popper's Political Philosophy.Calvin Hayes - 1955 - Upa.
    In Fallibilism Democracy and the Market, Calvin Hayes proposes an original solution to the major meta-theoretical issue in moral philosophy, the is-ought problem, then utilizes it to define and/or solve practical problems in both applied ethics and public policy. The solution and its applications are based on a unified theory of rationality applicable to epistemology, ethics and public policy, predicated on a revised Popperian fallibilism. It is intended as a defense of Karl Popper's political philosophy but only after a (...)
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  6. The Heart and Mind in Teaching: Pedagogical Styles Through the Ages.Alyssa Magee Lowery & William Hayes - 2014 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    In this book, authors Alyssa Magee Lowery and William Hayes trace the history of teaching from Greek philosophy to twenty-first century educational issues in an effort to provide some perspective in the long art versus science debate, ultimately finding that the two components may be able to coexist peacefully.
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  7. Some Philosophical Problems From the Standpoint of Artificial Intelligence.John McCarthy & Patrick Hayes - 1969 - In B. Meltzer & Donald Michie (eds.), Machine Intelligence 4. Edinburgh University Press. pp. 463--502.
  8.  16
    Two Modes of Learning for Interactive Tasks.Neil A. Hayes & Donald E. Broadbent - 1988 - Cognition 28 (3):249-276.
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  9.  46
    Leadership, Trustworthiness, and Ethical Stewardship.Cam Caldwell, Linda A. Hayes & Do Tien Long - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 96 (4):497 - 512.
    Leaders in today's world face the challenge of earning the trust and commitment of organizational members if they expect to guide their companies to success in a highly competitive global context. In this article, we present empirical results indicating that when leadership behaviors are perceived as trustworthy through the observer's mediating lens, trust increases and leaders are more likely to be viewed as ethical stewards who honor a higher level of duties. This article contributes to the growing body of literature (...)
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  10.  34
    Rules Vs. Analogy in English Past Tenses: A Computational/Experimental Study.Adam Albright & Bruce Hayes - 2003 - Cognition 90 (2):119-161.
    Are morphological patterns learned in the form of rules? Some models deny this, attributing all morphology to analogical mechanisms. The dual mechanism model (Pinker, S., & Prince, A. (1998). On language and connectionism: analysis of a parallel distributed processing model of language acquisition. Cognition, 28, 73-193) posits that speakers do internalize rules, but that these rules are few and cover only regular processes; the remaining patterns are attributed to analogy. This article advocates a third approach, which uses multiple stochastic rules (...)
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  11.  65
    Teaching Business Ethics.Jeffrey Gandz & Nadine Hayes - 1988 - Journal of Business Ethics 7 (9):657 - 669.
    Business ethics should be taught in business schools as an integrated part of core curricula in MBA programs with a dual focus on both analytical frameworks and their applications to the business disciplines. To overcome the reluctance of many faculty to handle ethical issues, a critical mass of faculty must develop suitable materials, educate their peers in its use, and take the lead by introducing it in their own courses and on senior management programs.
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  12. Cultural Values, Plagiarism, and Fairness: When Plagiarism Gets in the Way of Learning.Niall Hayes & Lucas D. Introna - 2005 - Ethics and Behavior 15 (3):213 – 231.
    The dramatic increase in the number of overseas students studying in the United Kingdom and other Western countries has required academics to reevaluate many aspects of their own, and their institutions', practices. This article considers differing cultural values among overseas students toward plagiarism and the implications this may have for postgraduate education in a Western context. Based on focus-group interviews, questionnaires, and informal discussions, we report the views of plagiarism among students in 2 postgraduate management programs, both of which had (...)
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  13.  9
    Evaluating “the Cognitive Structure of Emotions” Using Autobiographical Memories of Emotional Events.Peter Hayes, Martin A. Conway & Peter E. Morris - 1992 - In Martin A. Conway, David C. Rubin, H. Spinnler & W. Wagenaar (eds.), Theoretical Perspectives on Autobiographical Memory. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 353--374.
  14.  23
    Evolving the Future: Toward a Science of Intentional Change.David Sloan Wilson, Steven C. Hayes, Anthony Biglan & Dennis D. Embry - 2014 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 37 (4):395-416.
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  15. Systems for the Production of Plagiarists? The Implications Arising From the Use of Plagiarism Detection Systems in UK Universities for Asian Learners.Niall Hayes & Lucas Introna - 2005 - Journal of Academic Ethics 3 (1):55-73.
    This paper argues that the inappropriate framing and implementation of plagiarism detection systems in UK universities can unwittingly construct international students as ‘plagiarists’. It argues that these systems are often implemented with inappropriate assumptions about plagiarism and the way in which new members of a community of practice develop the skills to become full members of that community. Drawing on the literature and some primary data it shows how expectations, norms and practices become translated and negotiated in such a way (...)
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  16.  16
    An Electromyographic Investigation of the Impact of Task Relevance on Facial Mimicry.Peter R. Cannon, Amy E. Hayes & Steven P. Tipper - 2009 - Cognition and Emotion 23 (5):918-929.
  17.  54
    Shifting Roles, Enduring Values: The Credible Journalist in a Digital Age.Arthur S. Hayes, Jane B. Singer & Jerry Ceppos - 2007 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 22 (4):262 – 279.
    When everyone can be a publisher, what distinguishes the journalist? This article considers contemporary challenges to institutional roles in a digital media environment and then turns to three broad journalistic normative values - authenticity, accountability, and autonomy - that affect the credibility of journalists and the content they provide. A set of questions that can help citizens determine the trustworthiness of information available to them emerges from the discussion.
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  18.  23
    Sensorimotor Fluency Influences Affect: Evidence From Electromyography.Peter R. Cannon, Amy E. Hayes & Steven P. Tipper - 2010 - Cognition and Emotion 24 (4):681-691.
  19.  31
    The Development of Causal Categorization.Brett K. Hayes & Bob Rehder - 2012 - Cognitive Science 36 (6):1102-1128.
    Two experiments examined the impact of causal relations between features on categorization in 5- to 6-year-old children and adults. Participants learned artificial categories containing instances with causally related features and noncausal features. They then selected the most likely category member from a series of novel test pairs. Classification patterns and logistic regression were used to diagnose the presence of independent effects of causal coherence, causal status, and relational centrality. Adult classification was driven primarily by coherence when causal links were deterministic (...)
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  20.  72
    Nägarjuna's Appeal.Richard P. Hayes - 1994 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 22 (4):311.
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  21.  61
    Why Learning and Development Can Lead to Poorer Recognition Memory.Brett K. Hayes & Evan Heit - 2004 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 8 (8):337-339.
  22.  21
    Microbicides Development Programme: Engaging the Community in the Standard of Care Debate in a Vaginal Microbicide Trial in Mwanza, Tanzania.Andrew Vallely, Charles Shagi, Shelley Lees, Katherine Shapiro, Joseph Masanja, Lawi Nikolau, Johari Kazimoto, Selephina Soteli, Claire Moffat, John Changalucha, Sheena McCormack & Richard J. Hayes - 2009 - BMC Medical Ethics 10 (1):17-.
    BackgroundHIV prevention research in resource-limited countries is associated with a variety of ethical dilemmas. Key amongst these is the question of what constitutes an appropriate standard of health care (SoC) for participants in HIV prevention trials. This paper describes a community-focused approach to develop a locally-appropriate SoC in the context of a phase III vaginal microbicide trial in Mwanza City, northwest Tanzania.MethodsA mobile community-based sexual and reproductive health service for women working as informal food vendors or in traditional and modern (...)
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  23.  60
    Causal Categorization in Children and Adults.Brett Hayes & Bob Rehder - 2012 - Cognitive Science 36 (6).
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  24.  14
    Defending the Concept of “Concepts”.Brett K. Hayes & Lauren Kearney - 2010 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 33 (2-3):214 - 214.
    We critically review key lines of evidence and theoretical argument relevant to Machery's These include interactions between different kinds of concept representations, unified approaches to explaining contextual effects on concept retrieval, and a critique of empirical dissociations as evidence for concept heterogeneity. We suggest there are good grounds for retaining the concept construct in human cognition.
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  25.  50
    What Is a Computer?Patrick J. Hayes - 1997 - The Monist 80 (3):389-404.
    An e-mail discussion can be rendered into print in several ways. Rather than trying to imitate a genuine conversation, this is a personal essay containing comments and replies by the other contributors. Most of the substantial points made in the e-mail discussion are contained here, although not always in the order they happened.
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  26.  20
    Academic Freedom and the Diminished Subject.Dennis Hayes - 2009 - British Journal of Educational Studies 57 (2):127-145.
    Discussions about freedom of speech and academic freedom today are about the limits to those freedoms. However, these discussions take place mostly in the higher education trade press and do not receive any serious attention from academics and educationalists. In this paper several key arguments for limiting academic freedom are identified, examined and placed in an historical context. That contextualisation shows that with the disappearance of social and political struggles to extend freedom in society there has come a narrowing of (...)
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  27.  19
    N?G?Rjuna's Appeal.Richard P. Hayes - 1994 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 22 (4):299-378.
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  28.  7
    Prior Knowledge and Subtyping Effects in Children's Category Learning.Brett K. Hayes, Katrina Foster & Naomi Gadd - 2003 - Cognition 88 (2):171-199.
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  29.  27
    Popper’s Response to Dingle on Special Relativity and the Problem of the Observer.Peter Hayes - 2010 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 41 (4):354-361.
  30. Turing Test Considered Harmful.Patrick Hayes & Kenneth M. Ford - 1995 - Proceedings of the Fourteenth International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence 1:972-77.
     
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  31. Generations, Prejudice and Politics in Northern Ireland.Bernadette C. Hayes & Ian McAllister - 1999 - In Ireland North and South: Perspectives from Social Science. pp. 457-491.
     
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  32.  36
    Senior Doctors' Opinions of Rational Suicide.S. Ginn, A. Price, L. Rayner, G. S. Owen, R. D. Hayes, M. Hotopf & W. Lee - 2011 - Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (12):723-726.
    Context The attitudes of medical professionals towards physician assisted dying have been widely discussed. Less explored is the level of agreement among physicians on the possibility of ‘rational suicide’—a considered suicide act made by a sound mind and a precondition of assisted dying legislation. Objective To assess attitudes towards rational suicide in a representative sample of senior doctors in England and Wales. Methods A postal survey was conducted of 1000 consultants and general practitioners randomly selected from a commercially available database. (...)
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  33. Why Godel's Theorem Cannot Refute Computationalism: A Reply to Penrose.Geoffrey Laforte, Pat Hayes & Kenneth M. Ford - 1998 - Artificial Intelligence 104.
  34.  36
    My Character: Enhancing Future Mindedness in Young People: A Feasibility Study.J. Arthur, T. Harrison, K. Kristjánsson, I. Davidson, D. Hayes & J. Higgins - unknown
    The aim of the My Character project was to develop a better understanding of how interventions designed to develop character might enhance moral formation and futuremindedness in young people. Futuremindedness can be defined as an individual’s capacity to set goals and make plans to achieve them. Establishing goals requires considerable moral reflection, and the achievement of worthwhile aims requires character traits such as courage and the capacity to delay gratification. The research team developed two new educational interventions – a website (...)
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  35. A Majoritarian Proposal for Governing Human Biotechnology.Richard Hayes - forthcoming - Bioethics Forum.
     
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  36.  62
    Researching Young Children's Perception of Food in Irish Pre-Schools: An Ethical Dilemma.Charlotte Johnston Molloy, Nóirín Hayes, John Kearney, Corina Glennon Slattery & Clare Corish - 2012 - Research Ethics 8 (3):155-164.
    Poor nutrition habits have been reported in the childcare setting. While the literature advocates the need to carry out ‘Voice of the Child’ research, few studies have explored this methodology with regard to children and food, in particular in the pre-school setting. This article aims to outline the ethical issues raised by a research ethics committee and to discuss the impact of these issues on a study that hoped to determine the food perceptions of children (aged three to four years) (...)
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  37.  29
    Knightly Virtues : Enhancing Virtue Literacy Through Stories : Research Report.J. Arthur, T. Harrison, D. Carr, K. Kristjánsson, I. Davidson, D. Hayes & J. Higgins - unknown
    There is a growing consensus in Britain on the importance of character, and on the belief that the virtues that contribute to good character are part of the solution to many of the challenges facing modern society. Parents, teachers and schools understand the need to teach basic moral virtues to pupils, such as honesty, self-control, fairness, and respect, while fostering behaviour associated with such virtues today. However, until recently, the materials required to help deliver this ambition have been missing in (...)
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  38.  41
    The Danger of Dangerousness: Why We Must Remove the Dangerousness Criterion From Our Mental Health Acts.M. M. Large, C. J. Ryan, O. B. Nielssen & R. A. Hayes - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (12):877-881.
    Objectives: The mental health legislation of most developed countries includes either a dangerousness criterion or an obligatory dangerousness criterion (ODC). A dangerousness criterion holds that mentally ill people may be given treatment without consent if they are deemed to be a risk to themselves or others. An ODC holds that mentally ill people may be given treatment without consent only if they are deemed to be a risk to themselves or others. This paper argues that the dangerousness criterion is unnecessary, (...)
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  39.  75
    The Historical Evolution of Modern Nationalism.Carlton J. Hayes - 1932 - Philosophical Review 41:431.
  40.  15
    Editorial: Academic Freedom.Dennis Hayes - 2009 - British Journal of Educational Studies 57 (2):107-110.
  41.  39
    Dharmakīrti on the Role of Causation in Inference as Presented in Pramāṇavārttika Svopajñavṛtti 11–38.Brendan S. Gillon & Richard P. Hayes - 2008 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 36 (3):335-404.
    In the svārthānumāna chapter of his Pramāṇavārttika, the Buddhist philosopher Dharmakīrti presented a defense of his claim that legitimate inference must rest on a metaphysical basis if it is to be immune from the risks ordinarily involved in inducing general principles from a finite number of observations. Even if one repeatedly observes that x occurs with y and never observes y in the absence of x, there is no guarantee, on the basis of observation alone, that one will never observe (...)
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  42. What the Frame Problem is and Isn't.Patrick Hayes - 1987 - In Zenon W. Pylyshyn (ed.), The Robot's Dilemma. Ablex.
     
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  43.  18
    Whose Experience Validates What for Dharmakīrti.R. Hayes - 1997 - In Bimal Krishna Matilal, Jitendranath Mohanty & Purusottama Bilimoria (eds.), Relativism, Suffering, and Beyond: Essays in Memory of Bimal K. Matilal. Oxford University Press.
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  44.  35
    Hobbes's Silent Fool.Peter Hayes - 1999 - Political Theory 27 (2):225-229.
  45. Montessori's View of Cosmic Education.Mary Hayes - unknown
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  46.  25
    Making Decisions.Bernadette Richards, Tom Hayes & Mabel Tsui - 2012 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 9 (4):385-393.
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  47. Social Work Students Learn About Social Work Values From Service Users and Carers.Joe Duffy & David Hayes - 2012 - Ethics and Social Welfare 6 (4):368-385.
    Teaching on social work values is centrally important in social work education as a core aspect of underpinning knowledge in preparing students for practice. This paper describes an innovative project occurring within the first year of the degree in social work, where service users and carers have assisted students with their understanding of social work values. The positive contribution of service users and carers in facilitating students to make links between theory and practice is now well documented. Applying this user (...)
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  48.  55
    Trust and Distrust in Cpr Decisions.Barbara Hayes - 2010 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 7 (1):111-122.
    Trust is essential in human relationships including those within healthcare. Recent studies have raised concerns about patients’ declining levels of trust. This article will explore the role of trust in decision-making about cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). In this research thirty-three senior doctors, junior doctors and division 1 nurses were interviewed about how decisions are made about providing CPR. Analysis of these interviews identified lack of trust as one cause for poor understanding of treatment decisions and lack of acceptance of medical judgement. (...)
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  49.  32
    Predicting Reasoning From Visual Memory.Evan Heit & Brett K. Hayes - 2008 - In B. C. Love, K. McRae & V. M. Sloutsky (eds.), Proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Cognitive Science Society. pp. 83--88.
  50.  21
    Ethical Myopia: The Case of “Framing” by Framing. [REVIEW]Alan E. Singer, Steven Lysonski, Ming Singer & David Hayes - 1991 - Journal of Business Ethics 10 (1):29 - 36.
    The behavioural decision-theoretic concepts of mental accounting, framing and transaction utility have now been employed in marketing models and techniques. To date, however, there has not been any discussion of the ethical issues surrounding these significant developments. In this paper, an ethical evaluation is structured around three themes: (i) utilitarian justification (ii) the strategic exploitation of cognitive habits, and (iii) the claim of scientific status for the techniques. Some recommendations are made for ethical practices.
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