Results for 'Kathy Puddifoot'

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Katherine Puddifoot
Durham University
  1. Implicit Bias and Prejudice.Jules Holroyd & Kathy Puddifoot - 2019 - In M. Fricker, N. J. L. L. Pedersen, D. Henderson & P. J. Graham (eds.), Routledge Handbook of Social Epistemology. Routledge.
    Recent empirical research has substantiated the finding that very many of us harbour implicit biases: fast, automatic, and difficult to control processes that encode stereotypes and evaluative content, and influence how we think and behave. Since it is difficult to be aware of these processes - they have sometimes been referred to as operating 'unconsciously' - we may not know that we harbour them, nor be alert to their influence on our cognition and action. And since they are difficult to (...)
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  2. Epistemic Agency and the Generalisation of Fear.Puddifoot Katherine & Trakas Marina - 2023 - Synthese 202 (1):1-23.
    Fear generalisation is a psychological phenomenon that occurs when fear that is elicited in response to a frightening stimulus spreads to similar or related stimuli. The practical harms of pathological fear generalisation related to trauma are well-documented, but little or no attention has been given so far to its epistemic harms. This paper fills this gap in the literature. It shows how the psychological phenomenon, when it becomes pathological, substantially curbs the epistemic agency of those who experience the fear that (...)
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  3. Unmoored: Mortal Harm and Mortal Fear.Kathy Behrendt - 2019 - Philosophical Papers 48 (2):179-209.
    There is a fear of death that persistently eludes adequate explanation by contemporary philosophers of death. The reason for this is their focus on mortal harm issues, such as why death is bad for the person who dies. Claims regarding the fear of death are assumed to be contingent on the resolution of questions about the badness of death. In practice, however, consensus on some mortal harm issues has not resulted in comparable clarity on mortal fear. I contend we cannot (...)
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  4.  29
    Rhizome and the mind: Describing the metaphor.Kathy L. Schuh & Donald J. Cunningham - 2004 - Semiotica 2004 (149):325-342.
  5.  34
    How Stereotypes Deceive Us.Katherine Puddifoot - 2021 - Oxford University Press.
    Stereotypes sometimes lead us to make poor judgements of other people, but they also have the potential to facilitate quick, efficient, and accurate judgements. How can we discern whether any individual act of stereotyping will have the positive or negative effect? How Stereotypes Deceive Us addresses this question. It identifies various factors that determine whether or not the application of a stereotype to an individual in a specific context will facilitate or impede correct judgements and perceptions of the individual. It (...)
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  6.  5
    Adorno's Materialist Ethic of Love.Kathy J. Kiloh - 2019 - In Peter Eli Gordon (ed.), A companion to Adorno. Hoboken: Wiley. pp. 601–613.
    Adorno's philosophical project hinges on two claims about the mimetic impulse: it is a universal impulse, from which we cannot be liberated; and it is historically mediated, which means that, over time, it takes different forms. Western philosophy, according to Adorno, has repressed the role of mimesis in human life. As a result, reified subjectivity is often misrecognized as freedom. Adorno develops a materialist ethic that exposes and counters the Idealist narratives involved in this suppression. Further, this materialist ethic identifies (...)
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  7. Student-authored case studies : the case of an educational leadership course in Kazakhstan.Kathy Malone, Janet Helmer & Filiz Polat - 2019 - In Annette Baron & Kelly McNeal (eds.), Case study methodology in higher education. Hershey, PA: Information Science Reference.
     
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  8. P4C in the primary school.Kathy Stokell, Diane Swift & Babs Anderson - 2017 - In Babs Anderson (ed.), Philosophy for children: theories and praxis in teacher education. New York, NY: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group.
     
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  9.  20
    Autistic Self-Advocacy and the Neurodiversity Movement: Implications for Autism Early Intervention Research and Practice.Kathy Leadbitter, Karen Leneh Buckle, Ceri Ellis & Martijn Dekker - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    The growth of autistic self-advocacy and the neurodiversity movement has brought about new ethical, theoretical and ideological debates within autism theory, research and practice. These debates have had genuine impact within some areas of autism research but their influence is less evident within early intervention research. In this paper, we argue that all autism intervention stakeholders need to understand and actively engage with the views of autistic people and with neurodiversity as a concept and movement. In so doing, intervention researchers (...)
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  10. Mnemonic Justice.Katherine Puddifoot - forthcoming - In Memory and Testimony. OUP.
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  11.  2
    Substanz denken: Aristoteles und seine Bedeutung für die moderne Metaphysik und Naturwissenschaft.Kathi Beier & Thamar Rossi Leidi (eds.) - 2016 - Würzburg: Königshausen & Neumann.
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  12.  14
    The Social Construction of Sexual Identity and the Ordination of Practicing Homosexuals.Kathy Rudy - 1997 - Journal of Religious Ethics 25 (1):127-146.
    In the current conflict among Christians regarding the ordination of practicing homosexuals, both sides argue from the same assumption that those persons who participate in sex acts with persons of the same gender share some kind of common identity. Such sexual-based identity is related to rather recent historical developments, and the category of "homosexual" which forms the common foundation of both sides of the debate is actually only a century old. The stalemate might, therefore, be resolved by discarding the category (...)
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  13. Dissolving the epistemic/ethical dilemma over implicit bias.Katherine Puddifoot - 2017 - Philosophical Explorations 20 (sup1):73-93.
    It has been argued that humans can face an ethical/epistemic dilemma over the automatic stereotyping involved in implicit bias: ethical demands require that we consistently treat people equally, as equally likely to possess certain traits, but if our aim is knowledge or understanding our responses should reflect social inequalities meaning that members of certain social groups are statistically more likely than others to possess particular features. I use psychological research to argue that often the best choice from the epistemic perspective (...)
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  14.  4
    Shared vision between fathers and daughters in family businesses: the determining factor that transforms daughters into successors.Kathy K. Overbeke, Diana Bilimoria & Toni Somers - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  15. Epistemic innocence and the production of false memory beliefs.Katherine Puddifoot & Lisa Bortolotti - 2018 - Philosophical Studies:1-26.
    Findings from the cognitive sciences suggest that the cognitive mechanisms responsible for some memory errors are adaptive, bringing benefits to the organism. In this paper we argue that the same cognitive mechanisms also bring a suite of significant epistemic benefits, increasing the chance of an agent obtaining epistemic goods like true belief and knowledge. This result provides a significant challenge to the folk conception of memory beliefs that are false, according to which they are a sign of cognitive frailty, indicating (...)
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  16.  73
    The Aftermath of Organizational Corruption: Employee Attributions and Emotional Reactions.Kathie L. Pelletier & Michelle C. Bligh - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 80 (4):823-844.
    Employee attributions and emotional reactions to unethical behavior of top leaders in an organization recently involved in a highly publicized ethics scandal were examined. Participants (n = 76) from a large southern California government agency completed an ethical climate assessment. Secondary data analysis was performed on the written commentary to an open-ended question seeking employees' perceptions of the ethical climate. Employees attributed the organization's poor ethical leadership to a number of causes, including: lack of moral reasoning, breaches of trust, hypocrisy, (...)
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  17.  49
    Stereotyping Patients.Katherine Puddifoot - 2019 - Journal of Social Philosophy 50 (1):69-90.
  18.  35
    Epistemic innocence and the production of false memory beliefs.Katherine Puddifoot & Lisa Bortolotti - 2019 - Philosophical Studies 176 (3):755-780.
    Findings from the cognitive sciences suggest that the cognitive mechanisms responsible for some memory errors are adaptive, bringing benefits to the organism. In this paper we argue that the same cognitive mechanisms also bring a suite of significant epistemic benefits, increasing the chance of an agent obtaining epistemic goods like true belief and knowledge. This result provides a significant challenge to the folk conception of memory beliefs that are false, according to which they are a sign of cognitive frailty, indicating (...)
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  19. Fear Generalization and Mnemonic Injustice.Katherine Puddifoot & Marina Trakas - 2024 - Episteme:1-27.
    This paper focuses on how experiences of trauma can lead to generalized fear of people, objects and places that are similar or contextually or conceptually related to those that produced the initial fear, causing epistemic, affective, and practical harms to those who are unduly feared and those who are intimates of the victim of trauma. We argue that cases of fear generalization that bring harm to other people constitute examples of injustice closely akin to testimonial injustice, specifically, mnemonic injustice. Mnemonic (...)
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  20.  79
    Stereotyping: The multifactorial view.Katherine Puddifoot - 2017 - Philosophical Topics 45 (1):137-156.
    This paper proposes and defends the multifactorial view of stereotyping. According to this view, multiple factors determine whether or not any act of stereotyping increases the chance of an accurate judgment being made about an individual to whom the stereotype is applied. To support this conclusion, various features of acts of stereotyping that can determine the accuracy of stereotyping judgments are identified. The argument challenges two existing views that suggest that it is relatively easy for an act of stereotyping to (...)
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  21.  4
    The Making of Fornication: Eros, Ethics, and Political Reform in Greek Philosophy and Early Christianity.Kathy L. Gaca - 2017 - Univ of California Press.
    This provocative work provides a radical reassessment of the emergence and nature of Christian sexual morality, the dominant moral paradigm in Western society since late antiquity. While many scholars, including Michel Foucault, have found the basis of early Christian sexual restrictions in Greek ethics and political philosophy, Kathy L. Gaca demonstrates on compelling new grounds that it is misguided to regard Greek ethics and political theory—with their proposed reforms of eroticism, the family, and civic order—as the foundation of Christian (...)
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  22.  38
    Implicit Bias and Epistemic Oppression in Confronting Racism.Jules Holroyd & Katherine Puddifoot - 2022 - Journal of the American Philosophical Association 8 (3):476-495.
    Motivating reforms to address discrimination and exclusion is important. But what epistemic practices characterize better or worse ways of doing this? Recently, the phenomena of implicit biases have played a large role in motivating reforms. We argue that this strategy risks perpetuating two kinds of epistemic oppression: the vindication dynamic and contributory injustice. We offer positive proposals for avoiding these forms of epistemic oppression when confronting racism.
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  23.  48
    Rebounding from Corruption: Perceptions of Ethics Program Effectiveness in a Public Sector Organization.Kathie L. Pelletier & Michelle C. Bligh - 2006 - Journal of Business Ethics 67 (4):359-374.
    We examine the perceived importance of three organizational preconditions theorized to be critical for ethics program effectiveness. In addition, we examine the importance of ethical leadership and congruence between formal ethics codes and informal ethical norms in influencing employee perceptions. Participants from a large southern California government agency completed a survey on the perceived effectiveness of the organization’s ethics program. Results suggest that employee perceptions of organizational preconditions, ethical leadership and informal ethical norms were related to perceptions of ethics program (...)
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  24. The Unaccountable Subject: Judith Butler and the Social Conditions of Intersubjective Agency.Kathy Dow Magnus - 2006 - Hypatia 21 (2):81 - 103.
    Judith Butler's Kritik der ethischen Gewalt represents a significant refinement of her position on the relationship between the construction of the subject and her social subjection. While Butler's earlier texts reflect a somewhat restricted notion of agency, her Adorno Lectures formulate a notion of agency that extends beyond mere resistance. This essay traces the development of Butler's account of agency and evaluates it in light of feminist projects of social transformation.
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  25.  43
    Re-evaluating the credibility of eyewitness testimony: The misinformation effect and the overcritical juror.Katherine Puddifoot - 2020 - Episteme 17 (2):255-279.
    Eyewitnesses are susceptible to recollecting that they experienced an event in a way that is consistent with false information provided to them after the event. The effect is commonly called the misinformation effect. Because jurors tend to find eyewitness testimony compelling and persuasive, it is argued that jurors are likely to give inappropriate credence to eyewitness testimony, judging it to be reliable when it is not. It is argued that jurors should be informed about psychological findings on the misinformation effect, (...)
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  26.  47
    Constituting feminist subjects.Kathi Weeks - 1998 - Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
    What remains as an ongoing project, Weeks contends, is creating a theory of the constitution of subjects to account for the processes of social construction. This book presents one such account.
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  27.  9
    Addressing Ethnic Conflict through Peace Education: International Perspectives ‐ Edited by Zvi Bekerman and Claire McGlynn.Kathy Bickmore - 2008 - British Journal of Educational Studies 56 (2):236-240.
  28.  41
    Convention and Necessity.Kathy Emmett Bohstedt - 2000 - Essays in Philosophy 1 (2):106-119.
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  29. Intersectionality as buzzword: A sociology of science perspective on what makes a feminist theory successful.Kathy Davis - 2008 - Feminist Theory 9 (1):67-85.
    Since its inception, the concept of `intersectionality' — the interaction of multiple identities and experiences of exclusion and subordination — has been heralded as one of the most important contributions to feminist scholarship. Despite its popularity, there has been considerable confusion concerning what the concept actually means and how it can or should be applied in feminist inquiry. In this article, I look at the phenomenon of intersectionality's spectacular success within contemporary feminist scholarship, as well as the uncertainties and confusion (...)
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  30.  7
    Poetic and Legal Fiction in the Aristotelian Tradition.Kathy Eden - 1986 - Princeton University Press.
    When Philip Sidney defends poetry by defending the methods used by poets and lawyers alike, he relies on the traditional association between fiction and legal procedure--an association that begins with Aristotle. In this study Kathy Eden offers a new understanding of this tradition, from its origins in Aristotle's Poetics and De Anima, through its development in the psychological and rhetorical theory of late antiquity and the Middle Ages, to its culmination in the literary theory of the Renaissance. Originally published (...)
  31. Stopping the traffic in women: Power, agency and abolition in feminist debates over sex-trafficking.Kathy Miriam - 2005 - Journal of Social Philosophy 36 (1):1–17.
  32.  7
    Essays in Memory of Richard Helgerson: Laureations.Kathy Lavezzo & Roze Hentschell (eds.) - 2011 - University of Delaware Press.
    Essays in Memory of Richard Helgerson: Laureations brings together new essays by leading literary scholars of the British and European middle ages and early modern period who have been influenced by the groundbreaking scholarship of Richard Helgerson. The contributors evince the ongoing impact of Helgerson's work in critical debates including those of nationalism, formal analysis, and literary careerism.
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  33.  26
    Accessibilism and the Challenge from Implicit Bias.Katherine Puddifoot - 2015 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 97 (3):421-434.
    Recent research in social psychology suggests that many beliefs are formed as a result of implicit biases in favour of members of certain groups and against members of other groups. This article argues that beliefs of this sort present a counterexample to accessibilism in epistemology because the position cannot account for how the epistemic status of a belief that is the result of an implicit bias can differ from that of a counterpart belief that is the result of an unbiased (...)
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  34.  67
    Animal Research Is an Ethical Issue for Humans as Well as for Animals.Kathy Archibald - 2018 - Journal of Animal Ethics 8 (1):1-11.
    Animals are used in biomedical research to study disease, develop new medicines, and test them for safety. As the Oxford Centre for Animal Ethics’ review Normalising the Unthinkable acknowledges, many great strides in medicine have involved animals. However, their contribution has not always been positive. Decades of attempts to develop treatments for diseases including asthma, cancer, stroke, and Alzheimer’s using animals have failed to translate to humans, leaving patients with inadequate treatments or without treatments at all. As Normalising the Unthinkable (...)
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  35.  35
    A Case Study of Stakeholder Dialogue in Professional Sport: An Example of CSR Engagement.Kathy Babiak & Lisa A. Kihl - 2018 - Business and Society Review 123 (1):119-149.
    Many businesses, including professional sport teams, are designing and engaging in socially responsible initiatives which benefit stakeholders as well as the businesses themselves. Gaining insight into stakeholders' expectations regarding corporations' corporate social responsibility initiatives through dialogue is important as the way a business is viewed and evaluated by stakeholders underlies subsequent interactions. Based on semi-structured interviews with 42 diverse stakeholders involved in a professional sport team's CSR initiative we found that stakeholders' expectations of the team's involvement in the community related (...)
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  36. Epistemic Discrimination.Katherine Puddifoot - 2017 - In Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (ed.), Routledge Handbook of Ethics of Discrimination.
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  37.  19
    Disclosure of Mental Health: Philosophical and Psychological Perspectives.Katherine Puddifoot - 2019 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 26 (4):333-348.
    PEOPLE WITH MENTAL HEALTH conditions are often required to address the question of whether they should disclose information about their mental health. Should they inform their employers, colleagues, friends, family, neighbors, and so on, that they have a mental health condition? Should they be encouraged by others to do so? There has been a recent move to promote disclosure as a way to increase the empowerment and decrease the self-stigma of people with mental health conditions. For instance, a three-week intervention, (...)
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  38.  12
    Learners' idiosyncratic links as affordances for meaning making in the semiotic process.Kathy L. Schuh - 2007 - Semiotica 2007 (164):173-195.
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  39.  24
    Unlimited Semiosis.Kathy L. Schuh - 2000 - Semiotics:280-295.
  40.  30
    Exploring consumer orientation toward returns: unethical dimensions.Kathy Wachter, Scott J. Vitell, Ruth K. Shelton & Kyungae Park - 2011 - Business Ethics, the Environment and Responsibility 21 (1):115-128.
    As customer return rates increase, retailer bottom lines suffer from customers’ misuse of the policies and to the ethics of such practice. The purpose of this study is to explore customers’ orientation toward return behaviors, and to develop a return orientation assessing these dimensions. This research identified three dimensions relevant to consumer return behavior: the planned/unethical returner; the eager returner; and the reluctant/educated returner. A retest with another sample confirmed these three dimensions. Each dimension was analyzed for its relationship with (...)
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  41.  15
    Exploring consumer orientation toward returns: unethical dimensions.Kathy Wachter, Scott J. Vitell, Ruth K. Shelton & Kyungae Park - 2011 - Business Ethics: A European Review 21 (1):115-128.
    As customer return rates increase, retailer bottom lines suffer from customers’ misuse of the policies and to the ethics of such practice. The purpose of this study is to explore customers’ orientation toward return behaviors, and to develop a return orientation assessing these dimensions. This research identified three dimensions relevant to consumer return behavior: the planned/unethical returner; the eager returner; and the reluctant/educated returner. A retest with another sample confirmed these three dimensions. Each dimension was analyzed for its relationship with (...)
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  42.  16
    Perception of emotion from moving body cues in photographs.Kathy L. Walters & Richard D. Walk - 1988 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 26 (2):112-114.
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  43.  78
    Accessibilism and the Challenge from Implicit Bias.Katherine Puddifoot - 2015 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 96 (3):421-434.
    Recent research in social psychology suggests that many beliefs are formed as a result of implicit biases in favour of members of certain groups and against members of other groups. This article argues that beliefs of this sort present a counterexample to accessibilism in epistemology because the position cannot account for how the epistemic status of a belief that is the result of an implicit bias can differ from that of a counterpart belief that is the result of an unbiased (...)
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  44.  1
    Nurses and Ethics Consultation: Growing Beyond a Rock and a Hard Place.Kathy Mayle - 2006 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 17 (3):257-259.
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  45.  18
    Knowing your past: Trauma, stress, and mnemonic epistemic injustice.Katherine Puddifoot & Clara Sandelind - forthcoming - Journal of Social Philosophy.
    Journal of Social Philosophy, EarlyView.
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  46.  18
    Neural Adaptations Associated with Interlimb Transfer in a Ballistic Wrist Flexion Task.Kathy L. Ruddy, Anne K. Rudolf, Barbara Kalkman, Maedbh King, Andreas Daffertshofer, Timothy J. Carroll & Richard G. Carson - 2016 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
  47.  17
    Neural pathways mediating cross education of motor function.Kathy L. Ruddy & Richard G. Carson - 2013 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.
  48.  30
    Observed Workplace Incivility toward Women, Perceptions of Interpersonal Injustice, and Observer Occupational Well-Being: Differential Effects for Gender of the Observer.Kathi N. Miner & Lilia M. Cortina - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  49.  55
    Loving Animals: Toward a New Animal Advocacy.Kathy Rudy - 2011 - Univ of Minnesota Press.
    Machine generated contents note: ContentsIntroduction: A Change of Heart1. What's behind Animal Advocacy? -- 2. The Love of a Dog: Of Pets and Puppy Mills, Mixed-Breeds and Shelters -- 3. The Animal on Your Plate: Farmers, Vegans, and Locavores -- 4. Where the Wild Things Ought to Be: Sanctuaries, Zoos, and Exotic Pets -- 5. From Object to Subject: Animals in Scientific Research -- 6. Clothing Ourselves in Stories of Love: Affect and Animal AdvocacyConclusion: Trouble in the PackAcknowledgments -- Notes (...)
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  50. English 102 Schaeffer Argument Synthesis March 8, 2010 The Heart of Emotional Intelligence.Kathy Rathbun - forthcoming - Argument: Biannual Philosophical Journal.
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