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  1.  39
    Handbook of Analytic Philosophy of Medicine.Kazem Sadegh-Zadeh - 2012 - Springer.
    This book elucidates and advances the thesis that clinical medicine is practiced morality, and clinical research belongs to normative ethics.
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  2. Fuzzy Health, Illness, and Disease.Kazem Sadegh-Zadeh - 2000 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 25 (5):605 – 638.
    The notions of health, illness, and disease are fuzzy-theoretically analyzed. They present themselves as non-Aristotelian concepts violating basic principles of classical logic. A recursive scheme for defining the controversial notion of disease is proposed that also supports a concept of fuzzy disease. A sketch is given of the prototype resemblance theory of disease.
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  3.  6
    Normative Systems and Medical Metaethics Part I: Value Kinematics, Health, and Disease.Kazem Sadegh-Zadeh - 1981 - Metamedicine 2 (1):75-119.
  4.  51
    Normative Systems and Medical Metaethics Part I: Value Kinematics, Health, and Disease.Kazem Sadegh-Zadeh - 1981 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 2 (1):75-119.
    On the basis of a ten-place comparative value relation, artificially reduced to a binary relation, some human value structures are studied and a concept of value kinematics is proposed. A miniature value logic is outlined, making it possible with precision to handle several explicated value notions and to analyze interrelations between them. Finally, the question is discussed whether health can be said to be an absolute and an intrinsic value.
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  5.  30
    The Logic of Diagnosis.Kazem Sadegh-Zadeh - 2011 - In Fred Gifford (ed.), Philosophy of Medicine. Elsevier. pp. 16--357.
  6.  21
    World 5 and Medical Knowledge.Kazem Sadegh-Zadeh - 1981 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 6 (3):263-270.
    What follows is a brief comment on Ludwik Fleck's paper on the foundations of medical knowledge translated by Thaddeus J. Trenn in this issue. Since the original is much older than I am, I have some scruples in presenting the critical thoughts which occurred to me when I read it a few years ago. Despite the criticism, I am very sympathetic to most of what Fleck has told us in his tragically neglected work. Two facts make Fleck's tragedy even more (...)
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  7.  47
    Foundations of Clinical Praxiology Part I: The Relativity of Medical Diagnosis.Kazem Sadegh-Zadeh - 1987 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 2 (2):183-196.
    The question is raised whether it would be beneficial to establish a clinical praxiology for the sake of a multi-focused inquiry into the foundations of clinical pratice. Beginning with the concept of medical diagnosis, a framework is presented which makes it possible to view diagnosis as an element of a complex structure whose adequate analysis requires at least comparative diagnostic methodology and epistemology.
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  8.  63
    Glauben, Wissen Und Wahrscheinlichkeit. Systeme der Epistemischen Logik.Kazem Sadegh-Zadeh - 1982 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 3 (2):297-307.
  9.  49
    Toward Metamedicine.Kazem Sadegh-Zadeh - 1980 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 1 (1):3-10.
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  10.  4
    Foundations of Clinical Praxiology Part I: The Relativity of Medical Diagnosis.Kazem Sadegh-Zadeh - 1981 - Metamedicine 2 (2):183-196.
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  11.  8
    Foundations of Clinical Praxiology Part II: Categorical and Conjectural Diagnoses.Kazem Sadegh-Zadeh - 1982 - Metamedicine 3 (1):101-114.
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  12.  30
    On the Limits of the Statistical-Causal Analysis as a Diagnostic Procedure.Kazem Sadegh-Zadeh - 1978 - Theory and Decision 9 (1):93-107.
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  13.  5
    Toward metamedicine.Kazem Sadegh-Zadeh - 1980 - Metamedicine 1 (1):3-10.
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  14.  10
    Perception, Illusion, and Hallucination.Kazem Sadegh-Zadeh - 1982 - Metamedicine 3 (2):159-191.
  15.  5
    Bayesian Diagnostics: A Bibliography Part 1.Kazem Sadegh-Zadeh - 1980 - Metamedicine 1 (1):107-124.
  16.  78
    Perception, Illusion, and Hallucination.Kazem Sadegh-Zadeh - 1982 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 3 (2):159-191.
    Patrick Suppes'' set-theoretical approach to the analysis of theories, and Joseph D. Sneed''s metatheory are briefly outlined. The notions of observation, illusion and hallucination are reconstructed according to these approaches. It is argued that the terms perception and truth are theoretical with respect to observation but nontheoretical with respect to illusion and hallucination. Hallucination is construed as a special kind of illusion.
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  17.  48
    Foundations of Clinical Praxiology Part II: Categorical and Conjectural Diagnoses.Kazem Sadegh-Zadeh - 1982 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 3 (1):101-114.
    The concepts of categorical diagnosis and conjectural diagnosis are introduced. It is argued that in diagnostic reasoning conjectural diagnosis plays a more important role than categorical diagnosis. Attention is called to the inevitable vagueness of clinical language and to the suitability of epistemic logic and fuzzy logic for diagnostic reasoning.
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  18.  48
    Normative Systems and Medical Metaethics Part II: Health-Maximizing and Persons.Kazem Sadegh-Zadeh - 1981 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 2 (3):343-359.
    Two common medical-ethical axions, the health-maximizing axiom and the personhood-respecting axiom, are discussed. On the basis of a philosophical analysis of personhood and freedom of the will it is shown that these two axioms are incompatible. The rejection of the first axiom is suggested.
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  19.  10
    Normative Systems and Medical Metaethics Part II: Health-Maximizing and Persons.Kazem Sadegh-Zadeh - 1981 - Metamedicine 2 (3):343-359.
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  20.  5
    Glauben, Wissen und Wahrscheinlichkeit. Systeme der epistemischen Logik.Kazem Sadegh-Zadeh - 1982 - Metamedicine 3 (2):297-307.
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  21. Artificial Intelligence in Medicine?Kazem Sadegh-Zadeh - 2nd ed. 2015 - In Handbook of Analytic Philosophy of Medicine. Springer Verlag.
  22.  13
    A Pragmatic Concept of Causal Explanation.Kazem Sadegh-Zadeh - 1984 - In Lennart Nordenfelt & B. I. B. Lindahl (eds.), Health, Disease, and Causal Explanations in Medicine. Reidel. pp. 201--209.
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  23.  48
    Bayesian Diagnostics: A Bibliography Part.Kazem Sadegh-Zadeh - 1980 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 1 (1):107-124.
  24. Clinical Decision Support Systems.Kazem Sadegh-Zadeh - 2nd ed. 2015 - In Handbook of Analytic Philosophy of Medicine. Springer Verlag.
     
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  25. Classical Logic.Kazem Sadegh-Zadeh - 2nd ed. 2015 - In Handbook of Analytic Philosophy of Medicine. Springer Verlag.
     
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  26.  7
    Comments on Engelhardt's 'Clinical Problems and the Concept of Disease'.Kazem Sadegh-Zadeh - 1984 - In Lennart Nordenfelt & B. I. B. Lindahl (eds.), Health, Disease, and Causal Explanations in Medicine. Reidel. pp. 43--45.
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  27. Clinical Practice.Kazem Sadegh-Zadeh - 2nd ed. 2015 - In Handbook of Analytic Philosophy of Medicine. Springer Verlag.
     
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  28. Classical Sets.Kazem Sadegh-Zadeh - 2nd ed. 2015 - In Handbook of Analytic Philosophy of Medicine. Springer Verlag.
     
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  29. Disease as a Deontic Construct.Kazem Sadegh-Zadeh - 2nd ed. 2015 - In Handbook of Analytic Philosophy of Medicine. Springer Verlag.
  30. Fuzzy Logic.Kazem Sadegh-Zadeh - 2nd ed. 2015 - In Handbook of Analytic Philosophy of Medicine. Springer Verlag.
     
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  31. Fundamentals of Medical Concept Formation.Kazem Sadegh-Zadeh - 2nd ed. 2015 - In Handbook of Analytic Philosophy of Medicine. Springer Verlag.
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  32. Logic in Medicine.Kazem Sadegh-Zadeh - 2nd ed. 2015 - In Handbook of Analytic Philosophy of Medicine. Springer Verlag.
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  33. Lenzen, "Wolfgang, Glauben, Wissen und Wahrscheinlichkeit. Systeme der epistemischen Logik".Kazem Sadegh-Zadeh - 1985 - Erkenntnis 23 (1):97.
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  34. Medical Decision-Making.Kazem Sadegh-Zadeh - 2nd ed. 2015 - In Handbook of Analytic Philosophy of Medicine. Springer Verlag.
     
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  35. Morality, Ethics, and Deontics.Kazem Sadegh-Zadeh - 2nd ed. 2015 - In Handbook of Analytic Philosophy of Medicine. Springer Verlag.
     
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  36. Modal Extensions of Classical Logic.Kazem Sadegh-Zadeh - 2nd ed. 2015 - In Handbook of Analytic Philosophy of Medicine. Springer Verlag.
     
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  37. Medicine Is a Deontic Discipline.Kazem Sadegh-Zadeh - 2nd ed. 2015 - In Handbook of Analytic Philosophy of Medicine. Springer Verlag.
     
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  38. Medical Linguistics.Kazem Sadegh-Zadeh - 2nd ed. 2015 - In Handbook of Analytic Philosophy of Medicine. Springer Verlag.
     
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  39.  3
    Medical Ontology.Kazem Sadegh-Zadeh - 2nd ed. 2015 - In Handbook of Analytic Philosophy of Medicine. Springer Verlag.
    Due to the intricate nature of its subject matter, medicine is always threatened by speculations and disagreements about which among its entities exist, e.g., any specific biological structures, substructures or substances, pathogenic agents, pathophysiological processes, diseases, psychosomatic relationships, therapeutic effects, and other possible and impossible things. To avoid confusion, and to determine what entities an item of medical knowledge presupposes to exist if it is to be true, we need medical ontology. The term “medical ontology” we understand to mean the (...)
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  40. Non-Classical Logics.Kazem Sadegh-Zadeh - 2nd ed. 2015 - In Handbook of Analytic Philosophy of Medicine. Springer Verlag.
     
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  41. On Medical Truth.Kazem Sadegh-Zadeh - 2nd ed. 2015 - In Handbook of Analytic Philosophy of Medicine. Springer Verlag.
     
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  42. On the Nature of Medicine.Kazem Sadegh-Zadeh - 2nd ed. 2015 - In Handbook of Analytic Philosophy of Medicine. Springer Verlag.
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  43. On What There Are.Kazem Sadegh-Zadeh - 2nd ed. 2015 - In Handbook of Analytic Philosophy of Medicine. Springer Verlag.
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  44. Perspectivism.Kazem Sadegh-Zadeh - 2nd ed. 2015 - In Handbook of Analytic Philosophy of Medicine. Springer Verlag.
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  45. Probability Logic.Kazem Sadegh-Zadeh - 2nd ed. 2015 - In Handbook of Analytic Philosophy of Medicine. Springer Verlag.
  46.  18
    Review Article.Kazem Sadegh-Zadeh - 1985 - Erkenntnis 23 (1):97-112.
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  47. Science, Medicine, and Rationality.Kazem Sadegh-Zadeh - 2nd ed. 2015 - In Handbook of Analytic Philosophy of Medicine. Springer Verlag.
     
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  48. Technoconstructivism.Kazem Sadegh-Zadeh - 2nd ed. 2015 - In Handbook of Analytic Philosophy of Medicine. Springer Verlag.
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  49. The Architecture of Medical Knowledge.Kazem Sadegh-Zadeh - 2nd ed. 2015 - In Handbook of Analytic Philosophy of Medicine. Springer Verlag.
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  50.  42
    Therapeuticum and Therapy: A Commentary on Lindahl and Lindwall's Skepticism.Kazem Sadegh-Zadeh - 1982 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 3 (2):261-262.
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