28 found
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  1.  79
    Counterfactual success and negative freedom.Keith Dowding & Martin van Hees - 2007 - Economics and Philosophy 23 (2):141-162.
    Recent theories of negative freedom see it as a value-neutral concept; the definition of freedom should not be in terms of specific moral values. Specifically, preferences or desires do not enter into the definition of freedom. If preferences should so enter then Berlin's problem that a person may enhance their freedom by changing their preferences emerges. This paper demonstrates that such a preference-free conception brings its own counter-intuitive problems. It concludes that these problems might be avoided if the description of (...)
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  2.  12
    The philosophy and methods of political science.Keith Dowding - 2015 - London : New York, NY: Palgrave-Macmillan.
    A short, lively and innovative text, this book addresses the question of what constitutes good practice in a variety of political science methods and examines the philosophy that underpins them. It argues for a pluralistic approach that will deliver effective analysis and an in-depth understanding of political events.
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  3.  59
    Can capabilities reconcile freedom and equality?Keith Dowding - 2006 - Journal of Political Philosophy 14 (3):323–336.
  4.  38
    Emotional appeals in politics and deliberation.Keith Dowding - 2018 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 21 (2):242-260.
    This is, no doubt, an emotional response, but there are, I believe, occasions when an emotional response is the only intellectually honest one. Brian Barry (1975, p. 332)Deliberative democracy is o...
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  5.  75
    Republican freedom, rights, and the coalition problem.Keith Dowding - 2011 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 10 (3):301-322.
    Republican freedom is freedom from domination juxtaposed to negative freedom as freedom from interference. Proponents argue that republican freedom is superior since it highlights that individuals lose freedoms even when they are not subject to interference, and claim republican freedom is more ‘resilient’. Republican freedom is trivalent, that is, it includes the idea that someone might be non-free to perform some actions rather than unfree, and in that sense everyone regards republican freedom as different from negative freedom. Trivalence makes republican (...)
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  6.  38
    How to use imaginary cases in normative theory.Keith Dowding - 2022 - Metaphilosophy 53 (4):512-525.
    This paper defends the use of imaginary cases in normative theorizing. Imaginary cases are used as a part of an argument and should be assessed in terms of the role they play within arguments. The paper identifies five ways in which they are used and then uses some of the best examples to bring out how they contribute to debates. While not directly akin to empirical experiments, criticisms of imaginary cases can be represented in terms of the well‐known distinction between (...)
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  7.  52
    Justice and Democracy: Essays for Brian Barry.Keith Dowding, Robert E. Goodin & Carole Pateman (eds.) - 2004 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    'Justice' and 'democracy' have alternated as dominant themes in political philosophy over the last fifty years. Since its revival in the middle of the twentieth century, political philosophy has focused on first one and then the other of these two themes. Rarely, however, has it succeeded in holding them in joint focus. This volume brings together leading authors who consider the relationship between democracy and justice in a set of specially written chapters. The intrinsic justness of democracy is challenged, the (...)
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  8.  30
    Ambiguity and vagueness in political terminology: On coding and referential imprecision.Keith Dowding & William Bosworth - 2018 - European Journal of Political Theory 20 (2):335-354.
    Analytic political philosophy tries to make our political language more precise. But in doing so it risks departing from our natural language and intuitions. This article examines this tension. We...
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  9.  33
    Manipulation in politics and public policy.Keith Dowding & Alexandra Oprea - forthcoming - Economics and Philosophy:1-26.
    Many philosophical accounts of manipulation are blind to the extent to which actual people fall short of the rational ideal, while prominent accounts in political science are under-inclusive. We offer necessary and sufficient conditions – Suitable Reason and Testimonial Honesty – distinguishing manipulative from non-manipulative influence; develop a ‘hypothetical disclosure test’ to measure the degree of manipulation; and provide further criteria to assess and compare the morality of manipulation across cases. We discuss multiple examples drawn from politics and from public (...)
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  10. Freedom of Choice.Keith Dowding & Martin van Hees - 2009 - In Paul Anand, Prasanta Pattanaik & Clemens Puppe (eds.), Handbook of Rational and Social Choice. Oxford University Press.
     
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  11.  65
    Resources, power and systematic luck: A response to Barry.Keith Dowding - 2003 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 2 (3):305-322.
    Brian Barry attacks the `resource account' of power providing a set of definitions through which power should be analysed. While there might be different, equally good, ways of defining power, I argue that the formulations provided by Dowding are superior to those of Barry as they produce fewer anomalies and provide a better foundation for empirical research. The article defends the resource account against Barry's criticisms and argues for the utility of the ideas of luck and `systematic luck'. Key Words: (...)
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  12.  69
    Counterfactual success again: Response to Carter and Kramer.Keith Dowding - 2008 - Economics and Philosophy 24 (1):97-103.
    We would like to thank Ian Carter and Matthew Kramer for their challenging reply to our recent article. Dowding and van Hees is one of a series of articles in which we try to address measurement issues with regard to individual freedom. Our aim is to provide a conception of freedom that will eventually yield a way of measuring the relative freedom of groups of people within a society and a relative measure of freedom across societies. In doing so, we (...)
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  13.  72
    Encyclopedia of Power.Keith Dowding (ed.) - 2011 - Sage Publications.
    It will also provide a point of reference for related topics and show how these are related to power.
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  14.  7
    Exits, Voices and Social Investment: Citizens’ Reaction to Public Services.Keith Dowding & Peter John - 2012 - Cambridge University Press.
    Over fifty years ago, Albert Hirschman argued that dissatisfied consumers could either voice complaint or exit when they were dissatisfied with goods or services. Loyal consumers would voice rather than exit. Hirschman argued that making exit easier from publicly provided services, such as health or education, would reduce voice, taking the richest and most articulate away and this would lead to the deterioration of public services. This book provides the first thorough empirical study of these ideas. Using a modified version (...)
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  15.  16
    2 Are democratic and just institutions the same?Keith Dowding - 2004 - In Keith M. Dowding, Robert E. Goodin, Carole Pateman & Brian Barry (eds.), Justice and Democracy: Essays for Brian Barry. Cambridge University Press. pp. 25.
  16. Algorithmic Decision-Making, Agency Costs, and Institution-Based Trust.Keith Dowding & Brad R. Taylor - 2024 - Philosophy and Technology 37 (2):1-22.
    Algorithm Decision Making (ADM) systems designed to augment or automate human decision-making have the potential to produce better decisions while also freeing up human time and attention for other pursuits. For this potential to be realised, however, algorithmic decisions must be sufficiently aligned with human goals and interests. We take a Principal-Agent (P-A) approach to the questions of ADM alignment and trust. In a broad sense, ADM is beneficial if and only if human principals can trust algorithmic agents to act (...)
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  17.  11
    Ethical Expertise and Moral Authority.Keith Dowding - 2024 - Res Publica 30 (1):31-46.
    Whether or not there is such a thing as moral expertise, and, if so, what constitutes it, is much debated. Empirical expertise bestows epistemic authority over propositional content; that is not the case in moral domains, technical expertise notwithstanding. This article identifies three types of agencies with some authority over decisions in moral matters. It shows that the source of the authority wielded by such agencies, while varying across the three forms identified, is based on empirical and technical knowledge and (...)
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  18. Externalism, expensive tastes, and equality.Keith Dowding - 2007 - In Barbara Montero & Mark D. White (eds.), Economics and the mind. New York: Routledge.
  19.  22
    Power: A Philosophical Analysis, 2nd edition.Keith Dowding - 2003 - Contemporary Political Theory 2 (3):355-357.
  20.  47
    Power, Capability and Ableness: The Fallacy of the Vehicle Fallacy.Keith Dowding - 2008 - Contemporary Political Theory 7 (3):238-258.
    Sen's capabilities are reducible to individual power. Morriss's important distinction between ability and ableness is pertinent to the correct analysis of measuring capabilities. Morriss argues reducing power to resources constitutes the vehicle fallacy. The vehicle fallacy is not a fallacy if resources are measured relationally, for example, the power of money is relative to its distribution. It follows that strategic considerations must enter into the very essence of the concept of power. While ‘resources’ in this essay are broader than Dworkin's (...)
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  21. Process tracing : process tracing : causation and levels of analysis.Keith Dowding - 2023 - In Harold Kincaid & Jeroen van Bouwel (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Political Science. New York: Oxford University Press.
     
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  22.  44
    Rational choice and trust.Keith Dowding - 2001 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 4 (4):207-220.
  23. The Encyclopedia of Power.Keith Dowding (ed.) - 2011 - Thousand Oaks.
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  24.  60
    The people v. Justice.Keith Dowding - 2005 - The Philosophers' Magazine 32 (32):64-67.
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  25.  15
    The people v. Justice.Keith Dowding - 2005 - The Philosophers' Magazine 32:64-67.
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  26.  44
    Luck, equality and responsibility.Keith Dowding - 2010 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 13 (1):71-92.
    Egalitarians claim that inequality in society is only justified to the extent that it results from choices freely and responsibly made. Inequality resulting from brute bad luck is not justified. I argue that luck, and therefore responsibility, are defined in terms of the reward structure. Luck and responsibility are epiphenomena of the incentives that people have to choose from the opportunity sets available. To that end egalitarians should look more directly at the degree of inequality that is acceptable and examine (...)
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  27.  80
    Shaun P. Hargreaves Heap and Yanis Varoufakis, Game Theory: A Critical Introduction, London, Routledge, 1995, pp. 296.Keith Dowding - 1996 - Utilitas 8 (2):252.
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  28.  55
    Don Ross Economic Theory and Cognitive Science: Microexplanation. [REVIEW]Keith Dowding - 2008 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 59 (3):569-573.