Results for 'Keith E. Elder'

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  1.  26
    Ethics Education in the Consulting Engineering Environment: Where Do We Start?Keith E. Elder - 2004 - Science and Engineering Ethics 10 (2):325-336.
    As a result of in-house discussions stimulated by previous Gonzaga engineering ethics conferences, Coffman Engineers began the implementation of what is to be a company-wide ethics training program. While preparing a curriculum aimed at consulting engineers, we found very little guidance as to how to proceed with most available literature being oriented towards the academic environment. We consulted a number of resources that address the teaching of engineering ethics in higher education, but questioned their applicability for the Consulting Engineering environment. (...)
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  2.  42
    The Most Brutal and Inexcusable Error in Counting?: Trinity and Consistency: KEITH E. YANDELL.Keith E. Yandell - 1994 - Religious Studies 30 (2):201-217.
    The Anglican Thirty Nine Articles join catholic Christendom in affirming that: There is but one living and true God…and in unity of this Godhead there be three Persons of one substance, power, and eternity; the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost.
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  3.  66
    The Doctrine of Hell and Moral Philosophy: KEITH E. YANDELL.Keith E. Yandell - 1992 - Religious Studies 28 (1):75-90.
    The doctrine of hell, stated with a little care, entails that some persons never achieve their greatest good, fail to really flourish and never reach the end for which they were created. If that doctrine is true, and it is tragic that persons never achieve their greatest good, then there are tragic states of affairs whose tragedy is never overcome.
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  4.  13
    A Premature Farewell to Theism: KEITH E. YANDELL.Keith E. Yandell - 1969 - Religious Studies 5 (2):251-255.
    In an incisive critique of Professor Hick's Evil and the God of Love , Professor Puccetti claims to ‘carry the campaign as well as the battle’—i.e. to show that, with respect to evil, theists ‘are either “explaining it away” or saying it cannot be explained at all. And in both cases they are in effect admitting they have no rational defence to offer. Which means that despite appearances they really are abandoning the battlefield.’.
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  5.  16
    Religious Experience and Rational Appraisal1: KEITH E. YANDELL.Keith E. Yandell - 1974 - Religious Studies 10 (2):173-187.
    Appeal to experience for rational justification of religious belief is probably as old as the question whether religious belief has any rational support. The issues relevant to such appeal range widely, and I will have to be content to deal with only a few of them.
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  6. Individual Differences in Reasoning: Implications for the Rationality Debate?Keith E. Stanovich & Richard F. West - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):645-665.
    Much research in the last two decades has demonstrated that human responses deviate from the performance deemed normative according to various models of decision making and rational judgment (e.g., the basic axioms of utility theory). This gap between the normative and the descriptive can be interpreted as indicating systematic irrationalities in human cognition. However, four alternative interpretations preserve the assumption that human behavior and cognition is largely rational. These posit that the gap is due to (1) performance errors, (2) computational (...)
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  7.  11
    The Robot's Rebellion: Finding Meaning in the Age of Darwin.Keith E. Stanovich - 2005 - University of Chicago Press.
    Responds to the idea that humans are merely survival mechanisms for their own genes, providing the tools to advance human interests over the interests of the replicators through rational self-determination.
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  8.  1
    The Robot's Rebellion: Finding Meaning in the Age of Darwin.Keith E. Stanovich - 2004 - University of Chicago Press.
    The idea that we might be robots is no longer the stuff of science fiction; decades of research in evolutionary biology and cognitive science have led many esteemed scientists to the conclusion that, according to the precepts of universal Darwinism, humans are merely the hosts for two replicators that have no interest in us except as conduits for replication. Richard Dawkins, for example, jolted us into realizing that we are just survival mechanisms for our own genes, sophisticated robots in service (...)
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  9.  94
    The Epistemology of Religious Experience.Keith E. Yandell - 1993 - Cambridge University.
    This book addresses a fundamental question in the philosophy of religion. Can religious experience provide evidence for religious belief? If so, how? Keith Yandell argues against the notion that religious experience is ineffable, while advocating the view that strong numinous experience provides some evidence that God exists. An attractive feature of the book is that it does not confine its attention to any one religious cultural tradition, but tracks the nature of religious experience across different traditions in both the (...)
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  10.  42
    Distinguishing the Reflective, Algorithmic, and Autonomous Minds: Is It Time for a Tri-Process Theory.Keith E. Stanovich - 2009 - In Keith Frankish & Jonathan St B. T. Evans (eds.), In Two Minds: Dual Processes and Beyond. Oxford University Press. pp. 55--88.
  11.  15
    Hume’s “Inexplicable Mystery”: His Views on Religion.Keith E. Yandell - 1990 - Temple University Press.
    Author note: Keith E. Yandell is Professor of Philosophy and South Asian Studies at the University of Wisconsin-Madison.
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  12.  87
    Natural Myside Bias is Independent of Cognitive Ability.Keith E. Stanovich & Richard F. West - 2007 - Thinking and Reasoning 13 (3):225 – 247.
    Natural myside bias is the tendency to evaluate propositions from within one's own perspective when given no instructions or cues (such as within-participants conditions) to avoid doing so. We defined the participant's perspective as their previously existing status on four variables: their sex, whether they smoked, their alcohol consumption, and the strength of their religious beliefs. Participants then evaluated a contentious but ultimately factual proposition relevant to each of these demographic factors. Myside bias is defined between-participants as the mean difference (...)
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  13.  10
    Individual Differences in Rational Thought.Keith E. Stanovich & Richard F. West - 1998 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 127 (2):161-188.
  14.  27
    On Priming by a Sentence Context.Keith E. Stanovich & Richard F. West - 1983 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 112 (1):1-36.
  15. Dual-Process Theories of Higher Cognition Advancing the Debate.Jonathan Evans & Keith E. Stanovich - 2013 - Perspectives on Psychological Science 8 (3):223-241.
    Dual-process and dual-system theories in both cognitive and social psychology have been subjected to a number of recently published criticisms. However, they have been attacked as a category, incorrectly assuming there is a generic version that applies to all. We identify and respond to 5 main lines of argument made by such critics. We agree that some of these arguments have force against some of the theories in the literature but believe them to be overstated. We argue that the dual-processing (...)
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  16.  21
    Priming Without Awareness: What Was All the Fuss About?Keith E. Stanovich & Dean G. Purcell - 1986 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 9 (1):47-48.
  17.  44
    Philosophy of Religion: A Contemporary Introduction.Keith E. Yandell - 1999 - Routledge.
    _Philosophy of Religion_ provides an account of the central issues and viewpoints in the philosophy of religion but also shows how such issues can be rationally assessed and in what ways competing views can be rationally assessed. It includes major philosophical figures in religious traditions as well as discussions by important contemporary philosophers. Keith Yandell deals lucidly and constructively with representative views from Judaism, Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism. This book will appeal to students of both philosophy and (...)
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  18.  46
    Why Humans Are (Sometimes) Less Rational Than Other Animals: Cognitive Complexity and the Axioms of Rational Choice.Keith E. Stanovich - 2013 - Thinking and Reasoning 19 (1):1 - 26.
    (2013). Why humans are (sometimes) less rational than other animals: Cognitive complexity and the axioms of rational choice. Thinking & Reasoning: Vol. 19, No. 1, pp. 1-26. doi: 10.1080/13546783.2012.713178.
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  19.  14
    The Need for Intellectual Diversity in Psychological Science: Our Own Studies of Actively Open-Minded Thinking as a Case Study.Keith E. Stanovich & Maggie E. Toplak - 2019 - Cognition 187:156-166.
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  20.  25
    Defining Features Versus Incidental Correlates of Type 1 and Type 2 Processing.Keith E. Stanovich & Maggie E. Toplak - 2012 - Mind and Society 11 (1):3-13.
    Many critics of dual-process models have mistaken long lists of descriptive terms in the literature for a full-blown theory of necessarily co-occurring properties. These critiques have distracted attention from the cumulative progress being made in identifying the much smaller set of properties that truly do define Type 1 and Type 2 processing. Our view of the literature is that autonomous processing is the defining feature of Type 1 processing. Even more convincing is the converging evidence that the key feature of (...)
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  21.  32
    Evolutionary Versus Instrumental Goals: How Evolutionary Psychology Misconceives Human Rationality.Keith E. Stanovich & R. F. West - 2003 - In David E. Over (ed.), Evolution and the Psychology of Thinking: The Debate. Psychology Press. pp. 171--230.
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  22.  35
    Normative Models in Psychology Are Here to Stay.Keith E. Stanovich - 2011 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 34 (5):268-269.
    Elqayam & Evans (E&E) drive a wedge between Bayesianism and instrumental rationality that most decision scientists will not recognize. Their analogy from linguistics to judgment and decision making is inapt. Normative models remain extremely useful in the progressive research programs of the judgment and decision making field.
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  23.  89
    Advancing the Rationality Debate.Keith E. Stanovich & Richard F. West - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):701-717.
    In this response, we clarify several misunderstandings of the understanding/acceptance principle and defend our specific operationalization of that principle. We reiterate the importance of addressing the problem of rational task construal and we elaborate the notion of computational limitations contained in our target article. Our concept of thinking dispositions as variable intentional-level styles of epistemic and behavioral regulation is explained, as is its relation to the rationality debate. Many of the suggestions of the commentators for elaborating two-process models are easily (...)
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  24. Higher-Order Preferences and the Master Rationality Motive.Keith E. Stanovich - 2008 - Thinking and Reasoning 14 (1):111 – 127.
    The cognitive critique of the goals and desires that are input into the implicit calculations that result in instrumental rationality is one aspect of what has been termed broad rationality (Elster, 1983). This cognitive critique involves, among other things, the search for rational integration (Nozick, 1993)—that is, consistency between first-order and second-order preferences. Forming a second-order preference involves metarepresentational abilities made possible by mental decoupling operations. However, these decoupling abilities are separable from the motive that initiates the cognitive critique itself. (...)
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  25.  27
    The Nature of Faith: Religious, Monotheistic, and Christian.Keith E. Yandell - 1990 - Faith and Philosophy 7 (4):451-469.
    A religious tradition’s rational kernel interprets the basic human situation and its attendant religious problem, and proffers a solution. Religious faith involves accepting, and living in accord with, a kernel’s teachings. If the kernel is monotheistic, faith includes trust in God; if a kernel is Christian, it also involves trust in Christ. In addition, faith presupposes a certain epistemological ambiguity. There must be some evidence that the kernel is false, or at least what is such evidence unless one accepts a (...)
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  26.  22
    The Most Brutal and Inexcusable Error in Counting?: Trinity and Consistency.Keith E. Yandell - 1994 - Religious Studies 30 (2):201 - 217.
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  27.  13
    Faith and Narrative.Keith E. Yandell (ed.) - 2001 - Oup Usa.
    From epic to limerick, novel to anecdote, literary narratives engage and entertain us. From autobiography and biography to accounts of familial generations, narratives define communities. Myths and histories loom large in religious traditions as well. Recently, the importance of narrative to ethics and religion has become a pervasive theme in several scholarly disciplines. In the essays presented here, a distinguished roster of scholars addresses a range of issues associated with this theme, focusing especially on questions concerning narrative's contribution to knowledge.
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  28.  69
    The Rationality Debate as a Progressive Research Program.Keith E. Stanovich & Richard F. West - 2003 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (4):531-533.
    We did not, as Brakel & Shevrin imply, intend to classify either System 1 or System 2 as rational or irrational. Instrumental rationality is assessed at the organismic level, not at the subpersonal level. Thus, neither System 1 nor System 2 are themselves inherently rational or irrational. Also, that genetic fitness and instrumental rationality are not to be equated was a major theme in our target article. We disagree with Bringsjord & Yang's point that the tasks used in the heuristics (...)
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  29. A Defense of Dualism.Keith E. Yandell - 1995 - Faith and Philosophy 12 (4):548-566.
    I argue here (in Part II) for mind-body dualism --- a dualism of substances, not merely of properties. I also investigate (in Part Ill) dualism’s relevance to the question of whether one can survive the death of one’s body. Naturally the argument occurs in a philosophical context, and (in Part I) I begin by making that context explicit.
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  30.  17
    Damn! There Goes That Ghost Again!Keith E. Stanovich - 1991 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (4):696-698.
  31.  21
    A Gross and Palpable Contradiction?: Incarnation and Consistency.Keith E. Yandell - 1994 - Sophia 33 (3):30 - 45.
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  32.  17
    Theism and Evil: A Reply.Keith E. Yandell - 1972 - Sophia 11 (1):1-7.
  33.  10
    The Black–White Differences Are Real: Where Do We Go From Here?Keith E. Stanovich - 1985 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 8 (2):242-243.
  34.  49
    Behind the Make‐Up: Gender Ambivalence and the Double‐Bind of Gay Selfhood in Drag Performance.Keith E. McNeal - 1999 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 27 (3):344-378.
  35.  8
    Reason and Religion.Keith E. Yandell - 1981 - Noûs 15 (1):89-95.
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  36.  10
    Individual Differences in Reasoning and the Algorithmic/Intentional Level Distinction in Cognitive Science.Keith E. Stanovich - 2008 - In Jonathan Eric Adler & Lance J. Rips (eds.), Reasoning: Studies of Human Inference and its Foundations. Cambridge University Press. pp. 414--436.
  37.  9
    The Development of the Relation Between Letter-Naming Speed and Reading Ability.Keith E. Stanovich, Dorothy J. Feeman & Anne E. Cunningham - 1983 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 21 (3):199-202.
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  38.  12
    Integrating DNA Methylation Dynamics Into a Framework for Understanding Epigenetic Codes.Keith E. Szulwach & Peng Jin - 2014 - Bioessays 36 (1):107-117.
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  39.  10
    Ethics, Evils and Theism.Keith E. Yandell - 1969 - Sophia 8 (2):18-28.
  40.  15
    In Defense of Legislatures.Keith E. Whittington - 2000 - Political Theory 28 (5):690-702.
  41. On the Failure of Cognitive Ability to Predict Myside and One-Sided Thinking Biases.Richard F. West & Keith E. Stanovich - 2008 - Thinking and Reasoning 14 (2):129-167.
    Two critical thinking skills—the tendency to avoid myside bias and to avoid one-sided thinking—were examined in three different experiments involving over 1200 participants and across two different paradigms. Robust indications of myside bias were observed in all three experiments. Participants gave higher evaluations to arguments that supported their opinions than those that refuted their prior positions. Likewise, substantial one-side bias was observed—participants were more likely to prefer a one-sided to a balanced argument. There was substantial variation in both types of (...)
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  42. Verisimilitude Versus Probable Verisimilitude.Keith E. Jones - 1973 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 24 (2):174-176.
  43.  44
    Fluid Intelligence as Cognitive Decoupling.Keith E. Stanovich - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (2):139-140.
    The dissociation of fluid cognitive functions from g is implicit in the Cattell-Horn-Carroll gF-gC theory. Nevertheless, Blair is right that fluid functions are extremely important. I suggest that the key mental operation assessed by measures of gF is the ability to sustain mental simulation while keeping the relevant representations decoupled from the actual world – an ability that underlies all hypothetical thinking. (Published Online April 5 2006).
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  44.  41
    Jerry L. Walls. Hell: The Logic of Damnation. Pp. 182.Keith E. Yandell - 1995 - Religious Studies 31 (2):271.
  45.  34
    The Greater Good Defense.Keith E. Yandell - 1974 - Sophia 13 (3):1-16.
  46.  39
    Tragedy and Evil.Keith E. Yandell - 1994 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 36 (1):1 - 26.
  47.  1
    A Response To The Papers: Who Is The True Kant?Keith E. Yandell - 2007 - Philosophia Christi 9 (1):81-100.
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  48. Constitutional Interpretation: Textual Meaning, Original Intent, and Judicial Review.Keith E. Whittington - 1999
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  49.  26
    The Doctrine of Hell and Moral Philosophy.Keith E. Yandell - 1992 - Religious Studies 28 (1):75 - 90.
  50.  28
    The Ineffability Theme.Keith E. Yandell - 1979 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 10 (4):209 - 231.
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