Results for 'Keith R. Sawyer'

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  1.  1
    The Sanskrit Drama in Its Origin, Development, Theory and Practice.H. J. R. & A. Berriedale Keith - 1924 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 44:290.
  2.  26
    The Emergence of Creativity.R. Keith Sawyer - 1999 - Philosophical Psychology 12 (4):447 – 469.
    This paper is an extended exploration of Mead's phrase the emergence of the novel. I describe and characterize emergent systems-complex dynamical systems that display behavior that cannot be predicted from a full and complete description of the component units of the system. Emergence has become an influential concept in contemporary cognitive science [A. Clark Being there, Cambridge: MIT Press], complexity theory [W. Bechtel & R.C. Richardson Discovering complexity, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press], artificial life [R.A. Brooks & P. Maes Artificial (...)
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  3. Social Emergence: Societies as Complex Systems.R. Keith Sawyer - 2005 - Cambridge University Press.
    Can we understand important social issues by studying individual personalities and decisions? Or are societies somehow more than the people in them? Sociologists have long believed that psychology can't explain what happens when people work together in complex modern societies. In contrast, most psychologists and economists believe that if we have an accurate theory of how individuals make choices and act on them, we can explain pretty much everything about social life. Social Emergence takes a new approach to these longstanding (...)
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  4. Durkheim's Dilemma: Toward a Sociology of Emergence.R. Keith Sawyer - 2002 - Sociological Theory 20 (2):227-247.
    The concept of emergence is a central thread uniting Durkheim's theoretical and empirical work, yet this aspect of Durkheim's work has been neglected. I reinterpret Durkheim in light of theories of emergence developed by contemporary philosophers of mind, and I show that Durkheim's writings prefigure many elements of these contemporary theories. Reading Durkheim as an emergentist helps to clarify several difficult and confusing aspects of his work, and reveals a range of unresolved issues. I identify five such issues, and I (...)
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  5.  56
    Nonreductive Individualism: Part I—Supervenience and Wild Disjunction.R. Keith Sawyer - 2002 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 32 (4):537-559.
  6.  43
    Nonreductive Individualism Part II—Social Causation.R. Keith Sawyer - 2003 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 33 (2):203-224.
    In Part I, the author argued for nonreductive individualism (NRI), an account of the individual-collective relation that is ontologically individualist yet rejects methodological individualism. However, because NRI is ontologically individualist, social entities and properties would seem to be only analytic constructs, and if so, they would seem to be epiphenomenal, since only real things can have causal power. In general, a nonreductionist account is a relatively weak defense of sociological explanation if it cannot provide an account of how social properties (...)
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  7.  79
    The Mechanisms of Emergence.R. Keith Sawyer - 2004 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 34 (2):260-282.
    This article focuses on emergence in social systems. The author begins by proposing a new tool to explore the mechanisms of social emergence: multi agent–based computer simulation. He then draws on philosophy of mind to develop an account of social emergence that raises potential problems for the methodological individualism of both social mechanism and of multi agent simulation. He then draws on various complexity concepts to propose a set of criteria whereby one can determine whether a given social mechanism generates (...)
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  8. Improvisation and the Creative Process: Dewey, Collingwood, and the Aesthetics of Spontaneity.R. Keith Sawyer - 2000 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 58 (2):149-161.
  9.  26
    The Semiotics of Improvisation: The Pragmatics of Musical and Verbal Performance.R. Keith Sawyer - 1996 - Semiotica 108 (3-4):269-306.
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  10. Situativity and Learning.R. Keith Sawyer & James G. Greeno - 2009 - In Murat Aydede & P. Robbins (eds.), The Cambridge Handbook of Situated Cognition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 347--367.
  11. Nonreductive Individualism. Part I—Supervenience and Wild Disjunction.Sawyer R. Keith - 2002 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 32 (4).
  12.  76
    Response to R. Keith Sawyer.Jens Greve - 2013 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 43 (2):246-256.
    R. Keith Sawyer rightly claimed that the formulation of several cross-level regularities does not disprove the “autonomy” of sciences. Nevertheless, first, this autonomy becomes gradual because cross-level regularities narrow the scope for strong emergence and, second, these examples do not disprove the metaphysical premises of Kim’s critique. Sawyer and I concur on the thesis according to which the proof of strong emergence is in part an empirical question. However, it also depends on the concept of individualism applied (...)
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  13.  6
    Farnell's Cults of the Greek States The Cults of the Greek States. By L. R. Farnell, D. Litt. Vol. V. Pp. Xii+496, with 19 Collotypes and 41 Other Illustrations. Price 18s. 6d. Net. Clarendon Press, Oxford. 1909. [REVIEW]A. Berriedale Keith - 1910 - Classical Quarterly 4 (04):282-.
    The Cults of the Greek States. By L. R. Farnell, D. Litt. Vol. V. Pp. xii+496, with 19 collotypes and 41 other illustrations. Price 18s. 6d. net. Clarendon Press, Oxford. 1909.
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  14.  29
    Book Review: Sawyer, R. Keith. (2005). Social Emergence: Societies as Complex Systems. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. [REVIEW]P. Ylikoski - 2009 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 39 (3):527-530.
  15.  3
    Review of Keith Sandiford, "Theorizing a Colonial Caribbean-Atlantic Imaginary: Sugar and Obeah". [REVIEW]Michael Sawyer - 2014 - Clr James Journal 20 (1/2):299-306.
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  16. History of Technology Clayton R. Koppes, JPL and the American Space Programme: A History of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1982. Pp. Viii+ 320. £16.95/$19.95. Joan Lisa Bromberg, Fusion: Science, Politics and the Invention of a New Energy Source. Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Press, 1982. Pp. Xxvi + 343. £24/$30. [REVIEW]S. T. Keith - 1984 - British Journal for the History of Science 17 (3):325.
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  17. Underdetermination in Economics. The Duhem-Quine Thesis.K. R. Sawyer, Clive Beed & H. Sankey - 1997 - Economics and Philosophy 13 (1):1-23.
    This paper considers the relevance of the Duhem-Quine thesis in economics. In the introductory discussion which follows, the meaning of the thesis and a brief history of its development are detailed. The purpose of the paper is to discuss the effects of the thesis in four specific and diverse theories in economics, and to illustrate the dependence of testing the theories on a set of auxiliary hypotheses. A general taxonomy of auxiliary hypotheses is provided to demonstrate the confounding of auxiliary (...)
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  18.  84
    Book Review: When God Speaks Through Change: Preaching In Times of Congregational Transition. [REVIEW]David R. Sawyer - 2006 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 60 (4):486-486.
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  19.  20
    Over-Measurement.K. R. Sawyer, H. Sankey & R. Lombardo - 2016 - Measurement 93:379-384.
    Measurement is a special type of evaluation that is more exact than either opinion or estimation. In the social sciences, in particular, most evaluations are not measures, but rather mixtures of opinion and estimation. Over-measurement represents anchoring to evaluations which are not measures. For an over-measured characteristic, single measures are used when instead a portfolio of possible measures should be used. There are three implications. First, measurements of characteristics which depend on the over-measured characteristic are biased. Secondly, decisions which depend (...)
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  20.  9
    4 Conversation as Mechanism: Emergence in Creative Groups.Keith Sawyer - 2011 - In Pierre Demeulenaere (ed.), Analytical Sociology and Social Mechanisms. Cambridge University Press. pp. 78.
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  21.  9
    LTP and Memory: Déjà Vu.Jerry W. Rudy & Julian R. Keith - 1997 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (4):629-629.
    Shors & Matzel's conclusion that LTP is not related to learning is similar to one we reached several years ago. We discuss some methodological advances that have relevance to the issue and applaud the authors for challenging existing dogma.
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  22.  15
    Response to “Emergence in Sociology”.R. K. Sawyer - 2012 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 42 (2):270-275.
    Jens Greve has accurately summarized nonreductive individualism (NRI) and has made an important contribution to an ongoing discussion concerning individualism, reductionism, and emergentism. Greve’s primary criticism is of my account of downward causation, and he cites Kim’s critique of Fodor by analogy. I argue that my original paper already addressed Kim’s critique, by drawing on other philosophers of mind that Greve does not engage with, to make an argument for downward causation based on wild disjunction. Further, I argue that Greve (...)
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  23.  7
    Review: Hedstrom, P. (2005). Dissecting the Social: On the Principles of Analytic Sociology. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. [REVIEW]R. K. Sawyer - 2007 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 37 (2):255-260.
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  24.  2
    Das iranische ErlösungsmysteriumDas iranische Erlosungsmysterium.A. Berriedale Keith & R. Reitzenstein - 1921 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 41:280.
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  25.  1
    Conditional and Biconditional Rule Difficulty Under Selection and Reception Conditions.Charles R. Sawyer & Peder J. Johnson - 1971 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 89 (2):424.
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  26.  1
    Recall Order of Prose Details as a Cognitive Style in Children.G. E. Sawyer & R. J. Riding - 1979 - Educational Studies 5 (2):151-156.
  27. Web Searching.R. Baeza-Yates, C. Castillo & B. Keith - 2006 - In Keith Brown (ed.), Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics. Elsevier. pp. 527--538.
     
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  28. Midian, Moab and Edom: The History and Archaeology of Late Bronze and Iron Age Jordan and North-West Arabia.R. H. Dornemann, John Sawyer & David Clines - 1985 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 105 (4):796.
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  29. Book Reviews Section 1.D. Bob Gowin, Jerry B. Burnell, Pat Keith, Jaw-Woei Chiou, Kermit J. Blank, George Willis, George Kincaid, Lawrence D. Klein, James A. Nathan, Houston M. Burnside, Daniel P. Hudin, Erwin H. Epstein, Ivan L. Barrientos, Darrell S. Willey, Mathew Zachariah, Robert H. Beck & Edward R. Beauchamp - 1973 - Educational Studies 4 (3):134-145.
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  30. Pica: The Unfinished Story: Background: Correlations with Anemia and Pregnancy.Louis Keith, Eric R. Brown & Cary Rosenberg - 1970 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 13 (4):626-632.
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  31. Fertility Change and Infant Survival in Brazil 1970-75 and 1980-85.Stephen Dale McCracken, Roberto Nascimento Rodrigues, Diana Oya Sawyer, A. R. Pebley, S. Amin, M. F. Ahmed, G. Bicego, A. Chahnazarian, K. Hill & M. Cayemittes - 1991 - Journal of Biosocial Science 23 (3):327-36.
     
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  32.  20
    The Authorship of the Platonic Epistles. By R. Hackforth, M.A. 8vo. 1 Vol. Pp. 203. Manchester: University Press, 1913.G. B. R. - 1914 - The Classical Review 28 (07):231-232.
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  33.  15
    Cambridge Compositions Cambridge Compositions, Greek and Latin. Edited by R. D. Archer-Hind, M.A., and R. D. Hicks, M.A., Fellows of Trinity College, Cambridge. Cambridge: At the University Press. 1899. [REVIEW]Y. T. R. - 1899 - The Classical Review 13 (04):227-230.
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  34.  16
    Blake's Edition of Xenophon's Hellenica I. II., and Other Selections The Hellenica of Xenophon, Books I. And II., Together with Selections From Lysias C. Eratosthenes and From Aristotle's Constitution of Athens, Edited with Notes by R. W. Blake, A.M. Boston. 1894. [REVIEW]C. S. R. - 1895 - The Classical Review 9 (04):231-.
  35.  4
    Book Review:Creative Aspects of Natural Law R. A. Fisher. [REVIEW]L. A. R. - 1952 - Philosophy of Science 19 (4):350-.
  36.  3
    Book Review:Evaluating Research and Development I. R. Weschler, Paula Brown. [REVIEW]L. A. R. - 1954 - Philosophy of Science 21 (1):76-.
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  37.  4
    Psychopathology. By J. S. Nicole, M.R.C.P. & S. (London: Bailliere Tindall & Cox. 1930. Pp. Xii + 203. Price 10s. 6d.).G. G. R. - 1931 - Philosophy 6 (22):271-.
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  38.  3
    Jeremiah 21–36 (Anchor Bible 21b) and Jeremiah 37–52 (Anchor Bible 21c). By Jack R. Lundbom.B. R. - 2008 - Heythrop Journal 49 (1):168–169.
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  39. CARTON, R. -La Synthèse Doctrinale de Roger Bacon. [REVIEW]S. R. S. R. - 1926 - Mind 35:102.
     
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  40. GIRONELLA J. R. s.j., "Curso de Cuestiones filosóficas previas al estudio de la Teología".G. R. G. R. - 1964 - Rivista di Filosofia Neo-Scolastica 56:261.
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  41.  31
    Individualism and Holism, Reduction and Pluralism: A Comment on Keith Sawyer and Julie Zahle.Jeroen van Bouwel - 2004 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 34 (4):527-535.
    Commenting on recent articles by Keith Sawyer and Julie Zahle, the author questions the way in which the debate between methodological individualists and holists has been presented and contends that too much weight has been given to metaphysical and ontological debates at the expense of giving attention to methodological debates and analysis of good explanatory practice. Giving more attention to successful explanatory practice in the social sciences and the different underlying epistemic interests and motivations for providing explanations or (...)
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  42.  12
    Rebellious Slaves Keith R. Bradley: Slavery and Rebellion in the Roman World: 140 B.C. – 70 B.C. Pp. Xvi + 186; 2 Maps. Bloomington and London: Batsford and Indiana University Press, 1989. £17.95. [REVIEW]Arthur Keaveney - 1991 - The Classical Review 41 (01):146-147.
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  43. Keith R. Bradley, Slavery and Society at Rome Reviewed By.Brian Domino - 1995 - Philosophy in Review 15 (4):232-233.
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  44.  1
    Ronald Rainger, Keith R. Benson and Jean Maienschein, . The American Development of Biology. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1988. Pp. Xii + 380. ISBN 0-8122-8092-X. [REVIEW]Peter J. Bowler - 1989 - British Journal for the History of Science 22 (3):391.
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  45.  1
    Keith R. Benson;, Philip F. Rehbock .Oceanographic History: The Pacific and Beyond. Xii + 547 Pp., Illus., Index. Seattle/London: University of Washington Press, 2002. $60. [REVIEW]Ronald Rainger - 2003 - Isis 94 (3):508-509.
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  46.  2
    Transcription Extracted Transcriptional Regulation (1992). By Steven L. McKnight and Keith R. Yamamoto. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, New York. 2 Vols, 1329 Pp, $160, ISBN 0‐87969‐4 10‐6. [REVIEW]Alan Wolffe - 1993 - Bioessays 15 (10):701-702.
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  47.  1
    The Expansion of American Biology by Keith R. Benson; Jane Maienschein; Ronald Rainger. [REVIEW]Mary Winsor - 1993 - Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 84:408-408.
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  48. Keith R. Benson;, Helen M. Rozwadowski .Extremes: Oceanography's Adventures at the Poles. Xiv + 393 Pp., Illus., Bibl., Index. Sagamore Beach, Mass.: Science History Publications/USA, 2007. $54.95. [REVIEW]Katharine Anderson - 2008 - Isis 99 (2):438-439.
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  49. The Life Sciences in Eighteenth-Century French Thought. Jacques Roger, Keith R. Benson, Robert Ellrich.Anita Guerrini - 1999 - Isis 90 (4):813-814.
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  50. The American Development of BiologyRonald Rainger Keith R. Benson Jane Maienschein.Sharon Kingsland - 1989 - Isis 80 (1):164-165.
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