33 found
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  1.  85
    The E-Z Reader Model of Eye-Movement Control in Reading: Comparisons to Other Models.Erik D. Reichle, Keith Rayner & Alexander Pollatsek - 2003 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (4):445-476.
    The E-Z Reader model (Reichle et al. 1998; 1999) provides a theoretical framework for understanding how word identification, visual processing, attention, and oculomotor control jointly determine when and where the eyes move during reading. In this article, we first review what is known about eye movements during reading. Then we provide an updated version of the model (E-Z Reader 7) and describe how it accounts for basic findings about eye movement control in reading. We then review several alternative models of (...)
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  2.  5
    Toward a Model of Eye Movement Control in Reading.Erik D. Reichle, Alexander Pollatsek, Donald L. Fisher & Keith Rayner - 1998 - Psychological Review 105 (1):125-157.
  3.  17
    Frequency Drives Lexical Access in Reading but Not in Speaking: The Frequency-Lag Hypothesis.Tamar H. Gollan, Timothy J. Slattery, Diane Goldenberg, Eva Van Assche, Wouter Duyck & Keith Rayner - 2011 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 140 (2):186-209.
  4.  6
    Integrating Pictorial Information Across Eye Movements.Alexander Pollatsek, Keith Rayner & William E. Collins - 1984 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 113 (3):426-442.
  5.  5
    Asymmetry of the Perceptual Span in Reading.George W. McConkie & Keith Rayner - 1976 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 8 (5):365-368.
  6.  9
    Eye Movements and Identifying Words in Parafoveal Vision.Keith Rayner & Robert E. Morrison - 1981 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 17 (3):135-138.
  7.  8
    Stages of Processing in Word Identification.Keith Rayner & Carla Posnansky - 1978 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 107 (1):64-80.
  8.  8
    Visual.Vs. Phonemic Contributions to the Importance of the Initial Letter in Word Identification.Carla J. Posnansky & Keith Rayner - 1978 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 11 (3):188-190.
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  9.  96
    Integrating Text and Pictorial Information: Eye Movements When Looking at Print Advertisements.Keith Rayner, Caren M. Rotello, Andrew J. Stewart, Jessica Keir & Susan A. Duffy - 2001 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 7 (3):219.
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  10. Encoding Multiple Words Simultaneously in Reading is Implausible.Erik D. Reichle, Simon P. Liversedge, Alexander Pollatsek & Keith Rayner - 2009 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 13 (3):115-119.
    Several prominent models of reading posit that attention is distributed to support the parallel lexical processing of multiple words. We contend that the auxiliary assumptions underlying this attention-gradient hypothesis are not well founded. Here, we address three specific issues related to the ongoing debate about attention allocation during reading: (i) why the attention-gradient hypothesis is widely endorsed, (ii) why processing several words in parallel in reading is implausible and (iii) why attention must be allocated to only one word at a (...)
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  11.  1
    Using E-Z Reader to Simulate Eye Movements in Nonreading Tasks: A Unified Framework for Understanding the Eye–Mind Link.Erik D. Reichle, Alexander Pollatsek & Keith Rayner - 2012 - Psychological Review 119 (1):155-185.
  12.  11
    Reading is Fundamentally Similar Across Disparate Writing Systems: A Systematic Characterization of How Words and Characters Influence Eye Movements in Chinese Reading.Xingshan Li, Klinton Bicknell, Pingping Liu, Wei Wei & Keith Rayner - 2014 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 143 (2):895-913.
  13.  3
    Task Effects Reveal Cognitive Flexibility Responding to Frequency and Predictability: Evidence From Eye Movements in Reading and Proofreading.Elizabeth R. Schotter, Klinton Bicknell, Ian Howard, Roger Levy & Keith Rayner - 2014 - Cognition 131 (1):1-27.
  14.  29
    Eye Movements During Reading: Some Current Controversies.Matthew S. Starr & Keith Rayner - 2001 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 5 (4):156-163.
  15.  30
    Eye Movements in Reading: Models and Data.Keith Rayner, Alexander Pollatsek & Erik D. Reichle - 2003 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (4):507-518.
    The issues the commentators have raised and which we address, include: the debate over how attention is allocated during reading; our distinction between early and late stages of lexical processing; our assumptions about saccadic programming; the determinants of skipping and refixations; and the role that higher-level linguistic processing may play in influencing eye movements during reading. In addition, we provide a discussion of model development and principles for evaluating and comparing models. Although we acknowledge that E-Z Reader is incomplete, we (...)
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  16.  9
    Tracking the Mind During Reading Via Eye Movements: Comments on Kliegl, Nuthmann, and Engbert.Keith Rayner, Alexander Pollatsek, Denis Drieghe, Timothy J. Slattery & Erik D. Reichle - 2007 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 136 (3):520-529.
  17.  3
    The Role of Phonology in the Activation of Word Meanings During Reading: Evidence From Proofreading and Eye Movements.Debra Jared, Betty Ann Levy & Keith Rayner - 1999 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 128 (3):219.
  18.  36
    Is Covert Attention Really Unnecessary?Alexander Pollatsek & Keith Rayner - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (4):695-696.
    We are largely in agreement with the Findlay & Walker model. However, they appear to dismiss the role of covert spatial attention in tasks in which people are free to move their eyes. We argue that an account of the facts about the perceptual span in reading requires a window of attention not centered around the fovea. Moreover, a computational model of reading that we (Reichle et al. 1998) developed gives a good account of eye movement control in reading and (...)
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  19.  15
    Taking on Semantic Commitments, II: Collective Versus Distributive Readings.Lyn Frazier, Jeremy M. Pacht & Keith Rayner - 1999 - Cognition 70 (1):87-104.
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  20.  18
    Bound Variables and C‐command.Maria Nella Carminati, Lyn Frazier & Keith Rayner - 2002 - Journal of Semantics 19 (1):1-34.
    It has long been assumed in linguistics that bound variable interpretations of pronouns are possible (only) when a quantified expression c‐commands the pronoun. In two studies in which readers' eye movements were recorded, we examined the processing of pronouns bound by universal quantifiers. Experiment 1 compared examples where the quantifier c‐commands the pronoun (‘Every British soldier thought he killed an enemy soldier’) with examples where it doesn't (‘Every British soldier aimed and then he killed an enemy soldier’). Although there were (...)
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  21.  6
    Extending the E‐Z Reader Model of Eye Movement Control to Chinese Readers.Keith Rayner, Xingshan Li & Alexander Pollatsek - 2007 - Cognitive Science 31 (6):1021-1033.
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  22.  10
    Eye Movements of Second Language Learners When Reading Spaced and Unspaced Chinese Text.Deli Shen, Simon P. Liversedge, Jin Tian, Chuanli Zang, Lei Cui, Xuejun Bai, Guoli Yan & Keith Rayner - 2012 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 18 (2):192-202.
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  23.  4
    Parafoveal Processing During Reading is Reduced Across a Morphological Boundary.Denis Drieghe, Alexander Pollatsek, Barbara J. Juhasz & Keith Rayner - 2010 - Cognition 116 (1):136-142.
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  24.  5
    Icons, Visual Buffers, and Eye Movements.Keith Rayner - 1983 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 6 (1):36-37.
  25.  15
    Discourse Influences During Parsing Are Delayed.Keith Rayner, Simon Garrod & Charles A. Perfetti - 1992 - Cognition 45 (2):109-139.
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  26.  3
    Eye Movement Latencies for Parafoveally Presented Words.Keith Rayner - 1978 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 11 (1):13-16.
  27.  16
    Language Processing.Keith Rayner & Charles Clifton - 2002 - In J. Wixted & H. Pashler (eds.), Stevens' Handbook of Experimental Psychology. Wiley.
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  28.  19
    Research Report.Eyal M. Reingold & Keith Rayner - unknown
    A critical prediction of the E-Z Reader model is that experimental manipulations that disrupt early encoding of visual and orthographic features of the fixated word without affecting subsequent lexical processing should influence the processing difficulty of the fixated word without affecting the processing of the next word. We tested this prediction by monitoring participants’ eye movements while they read sentences in which a target word was presented either normally or altered. In the critical condition, the contrast between the target word (...)
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  29.  18
    Top-Down Influences in the Interactive Alignment Model: The Power of the Situation Model.Tessa Warren & Keith Rayner - 2004 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (2):211-211.
    Pickering & Garrod's (P&G's) model is an innovative and important step in the study of naturalistic language. However, the simplicity of its mechanisms for dialogue coordination may be overstated and the hypothesized direct priming channel between interlocutors' situation models is questionable. A complete specification of the model will require more investigation of the role of top-down inhibition among representations.
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  30.  8
    Against Semantic Preprocessing in Parafoveal Vision.Keith Rayner - 1986 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 9 (1):46-47.
  31.  6
    Language Comprehension, Methodologies for Studying.Matthew S. Starr & Keith Rayner - 2003 - In L. Nadel (ed.), Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science. Nature Publishing Group.
  32.  3
    On the Functional Significance of Express Saccades.Martin H. Fischer & Keith Rayner - 1993 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (3):577-577.
  33.  2
    Sequential Masking During Eye Fixations in Reading.Maria L. Slowiaczek & Keith Rayner - 1987 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 25 (3):175-178.