Results for 'Kellen Mrkva'

40 found
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  1.  9
    Above and beyond the content: Feelings influence mental simulations.Kellen Mrkva, Luca Cian & Leaf Van Boven - 2020 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 43.
    Gilead et al. present a rich account of abstraction. Though the account describes several elements which influence mental representation, it is worth also delineating how feelings, such as fluency and emotion, influence mental simulation. Additionally, though past experience can sometimes make simulations more accurate and worthwhile, many systematic prediction errors persist despite substantial experience.
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  2.  12
    When nudges have societal-level impact.Eric J. Johnson & Kellen Mrkva - 2023 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 46:e163.
    Individual-level research in behavioral science can have massive impact and create system-level changes, as several recent mandates and other policy actions have shown. Although not every nudge creates long-term behavior change, defaults and other forms of choice architecture can not only change individual behavior but also reduce inequities and lead to changes in public policy and norms.
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  3.  70
    The normative problem for logical pluralism.Nathan Kellen - 2020 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 63 (3-4):258-281.
    It is commonly thought that logic, whatever it may be, is normative. While accounting for the normativity of logic is a challenge for any view of logic, in this paper I argue that it is particularly problematic for certain types of logical pluralists, due to what I call the normative problem for logical pluralism. I introduce the NPLP, distinguish it from other problems that logical pluralists may face, and show that it is unsolvable for one prominent type of logical pluralism.
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  4.  16
    Signal detection and threshold modeling of confidence-rating ROCs: A critical test with minimal assumptions.David Kellen & Karl Christoph Klauer - 2015 - Psychological Review 122 (3):542-557.
  5.  16
    How (in)variant are subjective representations of described and experienced risk and rewards?David Kellen, Thorsten Pachur & Ralph Hertwig - 2016 - Cognition 157 (C):126-138.
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  6.  12
    There Is No Truth in Ba Sing Se: Bald-Faced Lies and the Nature of Lying.Nathan Kellen - 2022 - In Helen De Cruz & Johan De Smedt (eds.), Avatar: The Last Airbender and Philosophy: Wisdom From Aang to Zuko. Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 124–132.
    This chapter examines the nature of deception and lying by attempting to find an understanding of lying which can make sense of the Earth Kingdom citizens' behavior. It deals with analyzing the concepts of deception and lying, and briefly discusses what makes them such a dangerous and problematic phenomenon. Bald‐faced lies are lies where the liar has no intention of deceiving their audience. Sorensen introduces the idea of bald‐faced lies by giving examples of various statements which citizens of oppressive and (...)
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  7.  5
    Holy grail of tissue regeneration: Size.Kellen Chen, Dominic Henn & Geoffrey C. Gurtner - 2022 - Bioessays 44 (9):2200047.
    Cells and tissue within injured organs undergo a complicated healing process that still remains poorly understood. Interestingly, smaller organisms respond to injury with tissue regeneration and restoration of function, while humans and other large organisms respond to injury by forming dysfunctional, fibrotic scar tissue. Over the past few decades, allometric scaling principles have been well established to show that larger organisms experience exponentially higher tissue forces during movement and locomotion and throughout the organism's lifespan. How these evolutionary adaptations may affect (...)
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  8. Les achéménides dans le contexte indo-iranien».Jean Kellens - forthcoming - Topoi.
     
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  9.  23
    On the measurement of criterion noise in signal detection theory: The case of recognition memory.David Kellen, Karl Christoph Klauer & Henrik Singmann - 2012 - Psychological Review 119 (3):457-479.
  10.  11
    Against naïve induction from experimental data.David Kellen, Gregory E. Cox, Chris Donkin, John C. Dunn & Richard M. Shiffrin - 2024 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 47:e51.
    This commentary argues against the indictment of current experimental practices such as piecemeal testing, and the proposed integrated experiment design (IED) approach, which we see as yet another attempt at automating scientific thinking. We identify a number of undesirable features of IED that lead us to believe that its broad application will hinder scientific progress.
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  11.  51
    Methodological Pluralism About Truth.Nathan Kellen - 2018 - In Jeremy Wyatt, Nikolaj Jang Lee Linding Pedersen & Nathan Kellen (eds.), Pluralisms in Truth and Logic. Cham, Switzerland and Basingstoke, Hampshire, UK: Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 131-144.
    In this paper I argue that contemporary truth pluralists have undersold the connection between their views and the semantic realism/anti-realism debate. I argue that pluralist theories of truth are essentially a combination of accepting both realist and anti-realist intuitions, and that we should take this lesson to heart. I show how we can categorize pluralist views by how realist or anti-realist they are, and introduce two notions to do so: methodological fundamentality and theoretical fundamentality. I show how viewing the pluralist (...)
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  12.  24
    On the measurement of criterion noise in signal detection theory: Reply to Benjamin (2013).David Kellen, Karl Christoph Klauer & Henrik Singmann - 2013 - Psychological Review 120 (3):727-730.
  13. Précis de pénologie et de droit des sanctions pénales: la mesure de la peine.Georges Kellens - 1991 - [Liège]: Ed. Collection scientifique de la Faculté de droit de Liège.
     
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  14.  11
    Testing the foundations of signal detection theory in recognition memory.David Kellen, Samuel Winiger, John C. Dunn & Henrik Singmann - 2021 - Psychological Review 128 (6):1022-1050.
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  15.  17
    Assessing the belief bias effect with ROCs: Reply to Dube, Rotello, and Heit (2010).Karl Christoph Klauer & David Kellen - 2011 - Psychological Review 118 (1):164-173.
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  16.  13
    State-Specific Barriers to Methadone for Opioid Use Disorder Treatment.Kellen Russoniello, Cailin Harrington, Sarah Beydoun & Lucrece Borrego - 2023 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 51 (2):403-412.
    Opioid agonist treatment, including methadone, is the safest and most effective method for treating opioid use disorders and reduces opioid overdose deaths. While access to methadone is highly regulated by federal law, a substantial portion of states impose stricter barriers.
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  17. Norm Conflicts and Conditionals.Niels Skovgaard-Olsen, David Kellen, Ulrike Hahn & Karl Christoph Klauer - 2019 - Psychological Review 126 (5):611-633.
    Suppose that two competing norms, N1 and N2, can be identified such that a given person’s response can be interpreted as correct according to N1 but incorrect according to N2. Which of these two norms, if any, should one use to interpret such a response? In this paper we seek to address this fundamental problem by studying individual variation in the interpretation of conditionals by establishing individual profiles of the participants based on their case judgments and reflective attitudes. To investigate (...)
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  18.  21
    Developing judgments about peers' obligation to intervene.Julia Marshall, Kellen Mermin-Bunnell & Paul Bloom - 2020 - Cognition 201 (C):104215.
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  19. Relevance differently affects the truth, acceptability, and probability evaluations of “and”, “but”, “therefore”, and “if–then”.Niels Skovgaard-Olsen, David Kellen, Hannes Krahl & Karl Christoph Klauer - 2017 - Thinking and Reasoning 23 (4):449-482.
    In this study we investigate the influence of reason-relation readings of indicative conditionals and ‘and’/‘but’/‘therefore’ sentences on various cognitive assessments. According to the Frege-Grice tradition, a dissociation is expected. Specifically, differences in the reason-relation reading of these sentences should affect participants’ evaluations of their acceptability but not of their truth value. In two experiments we tested this assumption by introducing a relevance manipulation into the truth-table task as well as in other tasks assessing the participants’ acceptability and probability evaluations. Across (...)
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  20.  15
    Abortion restrictions and medical residency applications.Kellen Mermin-Bunnell, Ariana M. Traub, Kelly Wang, Bryan Aaron, Louise Perkins King & Jennifer Kawwass - forthcoming - Journal of Medical Ethics.
    Residency selection is a challenging process for medical students, one further complicated in the USA by the recentDobbs v Jackson Women’s Health Organization(Dobbs) decision over-ruling the federal right to abortion. We surveyed medical students to examine howDobbsis influencing the ideological, personal and professional factors they must reconcile when choosing where and how to complete residency.Between 6 August and 22 October 2022, third-year and fourth-year US medical students applying to US residency programmes were surveyed through social media and direct outreach to (...)
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  21.  12
    Just How Many “Lukes” Are There in A New Hope, Anyway?Roy T. Cook & Nathan Kellen - 2023-01-09 - In Jason T. Eberl & Kevin S. Decker (eds.), Star Wars and Philosophy Strikes Back. Wiley. pp. 174–182.
    Few Star Wars characters are more beloved than Luke Skywalker, Jedi Knight, son of Darth Vader, and mentor to Rey. Fictional characters like Luke are wholly defined by how people understand, interpret, and evaluate their depictions within the fictions in which they appear. This chapter explores various ways to provide identity conditions for fictional characters. It examines a more sophisticated, but again ultimately incorrect, account of fictional character identity: the Say‐So Account, in which authors determine whether two characters, from two (...)
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  22.  10
    Les Textes vieil-avestiques, Volume I: Introduction, texte et traduction.P. O. Skjærvo̵, Jean Kellens, Eric Pirart & P. O. Skjaervo - 1991 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 111 (3):659.
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  23.  12
    The use of human tissue in epidemiological research; ethical and legal considerations in two biobanks in Belgium.Carla Truyers, Eliane Kellen, Marc Arbyn, Leen Trommelmans, Herman Nys, Karen Hensen, Bert Aertgeerts, Stefaan Bartholomeeusen, Mats Hansson & Frank Buntinx - 2010 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 13 (2):169-175.
    This paper discusses the legal implications of setting up two new biobanks in Belgium. The first is hospital-based and will archive tissue from patients with haematologic cancer, whereas the second is linked to a general practice based morbidity registry and will involve storage of blood samples. To date, Belgium has no specific legislation that regulates storage of human tissue and related databases. Several issues concerning the protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal medical data are discussed from (...)
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  24.  18
    The repulsion effect in preferential choice and its relation to perceptual choice.Mikhail S. Spektor, David Kellen & Karl Christoph Klauer - 2022 - Cognition 225 (C):105164.
  25.  8
    Gospel, Gossip, and Ghent: How Should we Understand the new Star Wars?Roy T. Cook & Nathan Kellen - 2015-09-18 - In Jason T. Eberl & Kevin S. Decker (eds.), The Ultimate Star Wars and Philosophy. Wiley. pp. 296–307.
    This chapter opens with a discussion on the mechanics of canon in the Star Wars universe. The practice of dividing a fiction into canonical and noncanonical parts is not merely an exercise in fanboy/girl esoterica. Once a fiction is massive enough, and the Star Wars fiction is certainly quite massive, the canon/noncanon divide can play a practical role in pointing to which portions of the story are required knowledge for understanding and interpreting the overall universe. Canon/noncanon distinctions make massive fictions (...)
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  26. Conditionals, Individual Variation, and the Scorekeeping Task.Niels Skovgaard-Olsen, David Kellen, Ulrike Hahn & Karl Christoph Klauer - 2017 - Proceedings of Cognitive Science 39:xxx.
    In this manuscript we study individual variation in the interpretation of conditionals by establishing individual profiles of the participants based on their behavioral responses and reflective attitudes. To investigate the participants’ reflective attitudes we introduce a new experimental paradigm called the Scorekeeping Task, and a Bayesian mixture model tailored to analyze the data. The goal is thereby to identify the participants who follow the Suppositional Theory of conditionals and Inferentialism and to investigate their performance on the uncertain and-to-if inference task.
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  27. Gospel, gossip, and Ghent : how should we understand the new Star Wars?Roy T. Cook & Nathan Kellen - 2015 - In Jason T. Eberl & Kevin S. Decker (eds.), The Ultimate Star Wars and Philosophy: You Must Unlearn What You Have Learned. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell.
     
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  28.  6
    Golden Lassos and Logical Paradoxes.Roy T. Cook & Nathan Kellen - 2017-03-29 - In Jacob M. Held (ed.), Wonder Woman and Philosophy. Wiley. pp. 198–208.
    Wonder Woman wields a number of magical Amazonian devices: her bulletproof bracelets, her invisible plane, and most importantly for this chapter, her golden lasso of truth. The first thing to notice about the golden lasso is that evildoers bound by it are not only compelled to tell the truth if and when they answer questions, but also compelled to answer Wonder Woman's questions in the first place. The second thing to notice is that answering truthfully does not, in this context, (...)
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  29.  7
    Normative accounts of illusory correlations.Franziska M. Bott, David Kellen & Karl Christoph Klauer - 2021 - Psychological Review 128 (5):856-878.
  30.  10
    The law of categorical judgment (corrected) extended: A note on Rosner and Kochanski (2009).Karl Christoph Klauer & David Kellen - 2012 - Psychological Review 119 (1):216-220.
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  31. Pluralisms in Truth and Logic.Jeremy Wyatt, Nikolaj Jang Lee Linding Pedersen & Nathan Kellen (eds.) - 2018 - Cham, Switzerland and Basingstoke, Hampshire, UK: Palgrave Macmillan.
    This edited volume brings together 18 state-of-the art essays on pluralism about truth and logic. Parts I and II are dedicated to respectively truth pluralism and logical pluralism, and Part III to their interconnections. Some contributors challenge pluralism, arguing that the nature of truth or logic is uniform. The majority of contributors, however, defend pluralism, articulate novel versions of the view, or contribute to fundamental debates internal to the pluralist camp. The volume will be of interest to truth theorists and (...)
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  32.  14
    The State of Old Avestan ScholarshipLes Textes vieil-avestiques, Vol. 2: Répertoires grammaticaux et lexique; Vol. 3: CommentaireLes Textes vieil-avestiques, Vol. 2: Repertoires grammaticaux et lexique; Vol. 3: Commentaire. [REVIEW]P. Oktor Skjærvo̵, Jean Kellens, Eric Pirart & P. Oktor Skjaervo - 1997 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 117 (1):103.
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  33. The Nature of Truth (Second edition).Michael Lynch, Jeremy Wyatt, Junyeol Kim & Nathan Kellen (eds.) - 2021 - Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
  34. Rapid initiative assessment for counter-IED investment.Charles Twardy, Ed Wright, Tod Levitt, Kathryn Laskey & Kellen Leister - 2009 - In Charles Twardy, Ed Wright, Tod Levitt, Kathryn Laskey & Kellen Leister (eds.), Proceedings of the Seventh Bayesian Applications Modeling Workshop.
    There is a need to rapidly assess the impact of new technology initiatives on the Counter Improvised Explosive Device battle in Iraq and Afghanistan. The immediate challenge is the need for rapid decisions, and a lack of engineering test data to support the assessment. The rapid assessment methodology exploits available information to build a probabilistic model that provides an explicit executable representation of the initiative’s likely impact. The model is used to provide a consistent, explicit, explanation to decision makers on (...)
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  35. Proceedings of the Seventh Bayesian Applications Modeling Workshop.Charles Twardy, Ed Wright, Tod Levitt, Kathryn Laskey & Kellen Leister (eds.) - 2009
     
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  36.  5
    Yama/Yima: Variations indo-iraniennes sur la geste mythique / Variations on the Indo-Iranian Myth of Yama/Yima. Edited by Samra Azarnouche and Céline Redard with an introduction by Jean Kellens.Elizabeth Tucker - 2021 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 133 (3).
    Yama/Yima: Variations indo-iraniennes sur la geste mythique / Variations on the Indo-Iranian Myth of Yama/Yima. Edited by Samra Azarnouche and Céline Redard with an introduction by Jean Kellens. Collège de France: Publications de l’Institut de Civilisation Indienne, fasc. 81. Paris: De Boccard, 2012. Pp. vii + 239, plates.
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  37.  30
    The belief bias effect is aptly named: A reply to Klauer and Kellen (2011).Chad Dube, Caren M. Rotello & Evan Heit - 2011 - Psychological Review 118 (1):155-163.
  38.  19
    Where is the criterion noise in recognition? (Almost) everyplace you look: Comment on Kellen, Klauer, and Singmann (2012).Aaron S. Benjamin - 2013 - Psychological Review 120 (3):720-726.
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  39.  32
    Alleviating the concerns with the SDT approach to reasoning: reply to Singmann and Kellen.Dries Trippas, Michael F. Verde & Simon J. Handley - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  40. Avatar: The Last Airbender and Philosophy: Wisdom From Aang to Zuko.Helen De Cruz & Johan De Smedt (eds.) - 2022 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    A table of contents, in lieu of abstract -/- Foreword by Aaron Ehasz -/- Introduction: “We are all one people, but we live as if divided” Helen De Cruz and Johan De Smedt -/- Part I The Universe of Avatar: The Last Airbender -/- 1 Native Philosophies and Relationality in ATLA: It’s (Lion) Turtles All the Way Down Miranda Belarde-Lewis and Clementine Bordeaux 2 Getting Elemental: How Many Elements Are There in Avatar: The Last Airbender? Sofia Ortiz-Hinojosa 3 The Personalities (...)
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