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Kelly James Clark
Grand Valley State University
  1. Knowledge and the Objection to Religious Belief From Cognitive Science.Kelly James Clark & Dani Rabinowitz - 2011 - European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 3 (1):67 - 81.
    A large chorus of voices has grown around the claim that theistic belief is epistemically suspect since, as some cognitive scientists have hypothesized, such beliefs are a byproduct of cognitive mechanisms which evolved for rather different adaptive purposes. This paper begins with an overview of the pertinent cognitive science followed by a short discussion of some relevant epistemic concepts. Working from within a largely Williamsonian framework, we then present two different ways in which this research can be formulated into an (...)
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  2. Reformed Epistemology and the Cognitive Science of Religion.Kelly James Clark - 2010 - In Faith and Philosophy. Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 500--513.
    This chapter contains sections titled: * Introduction * The Cognitive Science of Religion * The Internal Witness: The Sensus Divinitatis * Reformed Epistemology * Reformed Epistemology and Cognitive Science * Obstinacy in Belief * The External Witness: The Order of the Cosmos * The External Witness and the Cognitive Science of Religion * Conclusion * Notes * Bibliography.
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  3.  28
    Evidence and Religious Belief.Raymond VanArragon & Kelly James Clark (eds.) - 2011 - Oxford University Press.
    A fundamental question in philosophy of religion is whether religious belief must be based on evidence in order to be properly held. In recent years two prominent positions on this issue have been staked out: evidentialism, which claims that proper religious belief requires evidence; and Reformed epistemology, which claims that it does not. Evidence and Religious Belief contains eleven chapters by prominent philosophers which push the discussion in new directions. The volume has three parts. The first part explores the demand (...)
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  4. God is Great, God is Good: Medieval Conceptions of Divine Goodness and the Problem of Hell.Kelly James Clark - 2001 - Religious Studies 37 (1):15-31.
    Medieval views of both divine goodness and the doctrine of hell are examined and shown to be incompatible with our best understandings of goodness. The only manner in which God could be good to those in hell – by permitting their continued existence – is not sufficient to outweigh ‘the dreadful pains of eternal fire’. One might claim that God is good to them in the retributive sense; but I argue that retributive punishment is inadequate justification of eternal torment. The (...)
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  5. Religious Epistemology.Kelly James Clark - 2004 - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  6. Reason, Metaphysics, and Mind: New Essays on the Philosophy of Alvin Plantinga.Kelly James Clark & Michael Rea (eds.) - 2012 - Oup Usa.
    In May 2010, philosophers, family and friends gathered at the University of Notre Dame to celebrate the career and retirement of Alvin Plantinga, widely recognized as one of the world's leading figures in metaphysics, epistemology, and the philosophy of religion. Plantinga has earned particular respect within the community of Christian philosophers for the pivotal role that he played in the recent renewal and development of philosophy of religion and philosophical theology. Each of the essays in this volume engages with some (...)
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  7. Return to Reason.Kelly James Clark - 1990 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 33 (1):63-64.
     
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  8.  74
    How Real People Believe: Reason and Belief in God.Kelly James Clark - 2010 - In Science and Religion in Dialogue. Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 479--499.
    This chapter contains sections titled: * Introduction * The Demand for Evidence * Belief Begins with Trust * Reid on Human Cognitive Faculties * Reid and Rationality * The God Faculty * Reason and Belief in God * Conclusion * Notes * Bibliography.
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  9.  98
    Trinity or Tritheism?Kelly James Clark - 1996 - Religious Studies 32 (4):463 - 476.
    The focus of this paper is the social trinitarian account in Richard Swinburne's "The Christian God." After setting out the route Swinburne follows in reaching his conclusions about the Godhead, I endeavour to show two things: (i) that his account does not avoid the charge of tritheism and thus is not faithful to key elements in the Christian creeds; (ii) the philosophical moves behind his conclusions are not compelling if, as we can, we challenge his assumptions about divine necessity. A (...)
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  10. Perils of Pluralism.Kelly James Clark - 1997 - Faith and Philosophy 14 (3):303-320.
    Two pressures toward religious pluralism are the variety of religious traditions which seem equally successful in the transformation of human lives and that apparently sincere and equally capable truth-seekers reach divergent conclusions about the nature of ultimate reality. I discuss Hick’s Kantian explanation of these phenomena. I argue that his account is: neither the only nor the best account; furthermore that more reasonable accounts allow for the members of competing traditions to affirm the truth of their religious beliefs; and if (...)
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  11.  67
    Atheism and Inferential Bias.Kelly James Clark - 2017 - European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 9 (2):43-56.
    While the cognitive science of religion is well-trodden ground, atheism has been considerably less scrutinized. Recent psychological studies associate atheism with an intellectual virtue, inferentiality. Theism, on the other hand, is associated with an intellectual “vice”, intuitive thinking. While atheism is allied with the attendant claim that atheism is the result of careful rational assessment of the relevant evidence, theism is considered the result of a lack of reflection on the relevant evidence. Atheism, then, is rational, but theism, then, is (...)
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  12. Pluralism and Proper Function.Kelly James Clark - 2007 - In Deane-Peter Baker (ed.), Alvin Plantinga. Cambridge University Press.
     
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  13.  61
    Explaining God Away?Kelly James Clark - 2010 - In Science and Religion in Dialogue. Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 514--526.
    This chapter contains sections titled: * The Cognitive Psychology of Religion * Evolutionary Explanations of Religious Belief * Explaining God Away * Critique * Conclusion * Notes * Bibliography.
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  14. Motivating Morality.Kelly James Clark & Andrew Samuel - 2011 - In Kelly James Clark & Raymond J. VanArragon (eds.), Evidence and Religious Belief. Oxford University Press.
     
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  15.  35
    The Gods of Abraham, Isaiah, and Confucius.Kelly James Clark - 2005 - Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 5 (1):109-136.
  16.  39
    Joel B. Green and Stuart L. Palmer: In Search of the Soul. [REVIEW]Kelly James Clark - 2007 - Faith and Philosophy 24 (3):346-350.
  17. Well-Being and Death * by Ben Bradley.Kelly James Clark - 2010 - Analysis 70 (3):592-593.
  18.  25
    Reason and the Christian Religion: Essays in Honour of Richard Swinburne.Kelly James Clark - 1996 - Philosophical Quarterly 46 (184):407-411.
  19. .Kelly James Clark (ed.) - 1992 - Kluwer Academic Publishers.
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  20. Philosophers Who Believe.Kelly James Clark (ed.) - 1993 - Intervarsity Press.
  21.  55
    The Explanatory Power of Theism.Kelly James Clark - 1989 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 25 (3):129 - 146.
  22.  40
    I Believe in God the Father, Almighty.Kelly James Clark - 1995 - International Philosophical Quarterly 35 (1):59-69.
    The theist affirms God's paternal care and his unsurpassable ability. If God is Father, he is obliged to prevent harms in a manner similar to earthly fathers; but he has not. This essay refutes the claim that God has obligations closely analogous to those of earthly parents. The essay is a conceptual analysis of what the father/ child relationship entails with respect to moral obligations and permissions. The dissimilarities between the divine and human parent create differences in obligation so great (...)
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  23.  3
    Reasoned Faith: Essays in Philosophical Theology in Honor of Norman Kretzmann.Kelly James Clark & Eleonore Stump - 1994 - Philosophical Review 103 (4):743.
  24.  23
    Spanish Common Sense Philosophy: Jaime Balmes' Critique of Cartesian Foundationalism.Kelly James Clark - 1990 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 7 (2):207 - 226.
  25.  22
    Rational Faith: Catholic Responses to Reformed Epistemology.Kelly James Clark - 1994 - Philosophical Books 35 (4):283-285.
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  26.  23
    Evil and Christian Belief.Kelly James Clark - 1989 - International Philosophical Quarterly 29 (2):175-189.
  27.  7
    Imaginings.Kelly James Clark - 2017 - European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 9 (3):17-30.
    In Branden Thornhill-Miller and Peter Millican’s challenging and provocative essay, we hear a considerably longer, more scholarly and less melodic rendition of John Lennon’s catchy tune—without religion, or at least without first-order supernaturalisms, there’d be significantly less intra-group violence. First-order supernaturalist beliefs, as defined by Thornhill-Miller and Peter Millican, are “beliefs that claim unique authority for some particular religious tradition in preference to all others”. According to M&M, first-order supernaturalist beliefs are exclusivist, dogmatic, empirically unsupported, and irrational. Moreover, again according (...)
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  28.  20
    Risen Indeed.Kelly James Clark - 1995 - Faith and Philosophy 12 (2):294-298.
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  29.  19
    Review of Yujin Nagasawa, Erik J. Wielenberg (Eds.), New Waves in Philosophy of Religion[REVIEW]Kelly James Clark - 2009 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2009 (7).
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  30.  17
    Three Kinds of Confucian Scholarship.Kelly James Clark - 2006 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 33 (s1):109-134.
  31.  1
    Risen Indeed: Making Sense of the Resurrection. [REVIEW]Kelly James Clark - 1995 - Faith and Philosophy 12 (2):294-298.
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  32. Blackwell Companion to Naturalism.Kelly James Clark (ed.) - 2016
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  33.  66
    Evidence and Religious Belief.Kelly James Clark & Raymond J. VanArragon (eds.) - 2011 - Oxford University Press.
    Evidence and Religious Belief contains eleven chapters by prominent philosophers which push the discussion in new directions. The volume has three parts.
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  34. Introduction: The Literature of Confession'.Kelly James Clark - 1993 - In Philosophers Who Believe. Intervarsity Press.
     
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  35. Our Knowledge of God. Essays on Natural and Philosophical Theology.Kelly James Clark - 1994 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 56 (1):179-179.
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  36. Probabilistic Confirmation Theory and the Existence of God.Kelly James Clark - 1985 - Dissertation, University of Notre Dame
    A recent development in the philosophy of religion has been the attempt to justify belief in God using Bayesian confirmation theory. My dissertation critically discusses two prominent spokesmen for this approach--Richard Swinburne and J. L. Mackie. Using probabilistic confirmation theory, these philosophers come to wildly divergent conclusions with respect to the hypothesis of theism; Swinburne contends that the evidence raises the overall probability of the hypothesis of theism, whereas Mackie argues that the evidence disconfirms the existence of God. After a (...)
     
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  37. Philosophers Who Believe the Spiritual Journeys of 11 Leading Thinkers.Kelly James Clark - 1993
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  38. Readings in the Philosophy of Religion.Kelly James Clark (ed.) - 2000 - Broadview.
     
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  39. Readings in the Philosophy of Religion - Third Edition.Kelly James Clark (ed.) - 2017 - Broadview Press.
    This anthology contains the best of both classical and contemporary sources, offering a balanced historical approach to the philosophy of religion while reflecting the latest developments in the field. The included readings grapple with issues that are existentially compelling and provocative regardless of one’s religious leanings. Topics are covered in a point–counterpoint manner designed to foster deep reflection. This third edition contains an entirely new section on early Chinese religion as well as new essays on religious language, feminism, and the (...)
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  40. Science and Religion in Dialogue.Kelly James Clark - 2010 - Wiley-Blackwell.
     
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  41. Kua Zong Jiao Dui Hua, Zhongguo Yu Xi Fang.Youde Fu, Melville Y. Stewart & Kelly James Clark (eds.) - 2004 - Zhongguo She Hui Ke Xue Chu Ban She.
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