Results for 'Kelvin Lancaster'

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  1. Kelvin's Baltimore Lectures and Modern Theoretical Physics Historical and Philosophical Perspectives.Robert Kargon, Peter Achinstein & William Thomson Kelvin - 1987
  2. Improvements in Education, as It Respects the Industrious Classes of the Community: With a Brief Sketch of the Life of Joseph Lancaster.Joseph Lancaster & William Corston - 2014 - Cambridge University Press.
    The son of a shopkeeper, Joseph Lancaster received little formal education himself. In 1798 he set up a school in Southwark, waiving fees for poor children. Originally published in 1803, this work sets out in detail the philosophy and practice of Lancaster's system of education, which relied on peer tutoring. He was always concerned with the education of the underprivileged in industrial cities, lamenting that 'poor children be deprived of even an initiatory share of education, and of almost (...)
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  3.  21
    Addressing ethical challenges in HIV prevention research with people who inject drugs.Liza Dawson, Steffanie A. Strathdee, Alex John London, Kathryn E. Lancaster, Robert Klitzman, Irving Hoffman, Scott Rose & Jeremy Sugarman - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics Recent Issues 44 (3):149-158.
    Despite recent advances in HIV prevention and treatment, high HIV incidence persists among people who inject drugs. Difficult legal and political environments and lack of services for PWID likely contribute to high HIV incidence. Some advocates question whether any HIV prevention research is ethically justified in settings where healthcare system fails to provide basic services to PWID and where implementation of research findings is fraught with political barriers. Ethical challenges in research with PWID include concern about whether research evidence will (...)
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  4.  16
    Reduction and Emergence in the Fractional Quantum Hall State.Tom Lancaster & Mark Pexton - 2015 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 52 (Part B):343-357.
  5. Transoral Laser Surgery for Laryngeal Carcinoma: Has Steiner Achieved a Genuine Paradigm Shift in Oncological Surgery?A. T. Harris, Attila Tanyi, R. D. Hart, J. Trites, M. H. Rigby, J. Lancaster, A. Nicolaides & S. M. Taylor - 2018 - Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England 100 (1):2-5.
    Transoral laser microsurgery applies to the piecemeal removal of malignant tumours of the upper aerodigestive tract using the CO2 laser under the operating microscope. This method of surgery is being increasingly popularised as a single modality treatment of choice in early laryngeal cancers (T1 and T2) and occasionally in the more advanced forms of the disease (T3 and T4), predomi- nantly within the supraglottis. Thomas Kuhn, the American physicist turned philosopher and historian of science, coined the phrase ‘paradigm shift’ in (...)
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  6.  30
    Does Observed Fertility Maximize Fitness Among New Mexican Men?Hillard S. Kaplan, Jane B. Lancaster, Sara E. Johnson & John A. Bock - 1995 - Human Nature 6 (4):325-360.
    Our objective is to test an optimality model of human fertility that specifies the behavioral requirements for fitness maximization in order (a) to determine whether current behavior does maximize fitness and, if not, (b) to use the specific nature of the behavioral deviations from fitness maximization towards the development of models of evolved proximate mechanisms that may have maximized fitness in the past but lead to deviations under present conditions. To test the model we use data from a representative sample (...)
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  7.  15
    Matrilineal Inheritance: Sociobiological Versus Ethnological Interpretations.Chet S. Lancaster - 1985 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 8 (4):676-677.
  8. On the Relationship Between Cognitive Models and Spiritual Maps. Evidence From Hebrew Language Mysticism.Brian L. Lancaster - 2000 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 7 (11-12):11-12.
    It is suggested that the impetus to generate models is probably the most fundamental point of connection between mysticism and psychology. In their concern with the relation between ‘unseen’ realms and the ‘seen’, mystical maps parallel cognitive models of the relation between ‘unconscious’ and ‘conscious’ processes. The map or model constitutes an explanation employing terms current within the respective canon. The case of language mysticism is examined to illustrate the premise that cognitive models may benefit from an understanding of the (...)
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  9.  10
    Profiling the International Academic Ghost Writers Who Are Providing Low-Cost Essays and Assignments for the Contract Cheating Industry.Thomas Lancaster - forthcoming - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society.
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  10.  22
    Bringing science and advocacy together to address health needs of people who inject drugs.Liza Dawson, Steffanie A. Strathdee, Alex John London, Kathryn E. Lancaster, Robert Klitzman, Irving Hoffman, Scott Rose & Jeremy Sugarman - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics Recent Issues 44 (3):165-166.
    In crafting our paper on addressing the ethical challenges in HIV prevention research with people who inject drugs, 1 we had hoped to stimulate further discussion and deliberation about the topic. We are pleased that three commentaries on our paper have begun this process. 2 3 4 The commentaries rightly bring up important issues relating to community engagement and problems in translating research into practice in the fraught environments in which PWID face multiple risks. These risks include acquisition of HIV (...)
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  11. The Cognitive Neuroscience of Consciousness, Mysticism and Psi.B. L. Lancaster - forthcoming - International Journal of Transpersonal Studies.
    The greatest contemporary challenge in the arena of cognitive neuroscience concerns the relation between consciousness and the brain. Over recent years the focus of work in this area has switched from the analysis of diverse spatial regions of the brain to that of the timing of neural events. It appears that two conditions are necessary in order for neural events to become correlated with conscious experience. First, the firing of assemblies of neurones must achieve a degree of coherence, and, second, (...)
     
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  12.  25
    Daniel McKaughan and Holly VandeWall, Eds. The History and Philosophy of Science: A Reader. London: Bloomsbury Academic, 2018. Pp. Xxiii+1073. $49.95. [REVIEW]James A. T. Lancaster - 2019 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 9 (1):211-214.
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  13.  35
    Translating the ICAP Theory of Cognitive Engagement Into Practice.Michelene T. H. Chi, Joshua Adams, Emily B. Bogusch, Christiana Bruchok, Seokmin Kang, Matthew Lancaster, Roy Levy, Na Li, Katherine L. McEldoon, Glenda S. Stump, Ruth Wylie, Dongchen Xu & David L. Yaghmourian - 2018 - Cognitive Science 42 (6):1777-1832.
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  14.  16
    The Acid Test for Biological Science: STAP Cells, Trust, and Replication.Cheryl Lancaster - 2016 - Science and Engineering Ethics 22 (1):147-167.
    In January 2014, a letter and original research article were published in Nature describing a process whereby somatic mouse cells could be converted into stem cells by subjecting them to stress. These “stimulus-triggered acquisition of pluripotency” cells were shown to be capable of contributing to all cell types of a developing embryo, and extra-embryonic tissues. The lead author of the publications, Haruko Obokata, became an overnight celebrity in Japan, where she was dubbed the new face of Japanese science. However, in (...)
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  15.  6
    Workplace Spirituality and Person–Organization Fit Theory: Development of a Theoretical Model.Brian L. Lancaster & Jason T. Palframan - 2019 - Journal of Human Values 25 (3):133-149.
    This article advances the theoretical and practical value of workplace spirituality by drawing on person–organization fit theory and transpersonal psychology to investigate three questions: What antecedents lead individuals and organizations to seek and foster workplace spirituality? What are the perceived spiritual needs of individuals, and how are those needs fulfilled in the workplace? and What are the consequences of meeting spiritual needs as individuals perceive them? Using constructivist grounded theory, analysis of interview data from thirty-four participants located in organizations across (...)
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  16.  12
    Evolutionary Psychology and Darwinian FeminismThe Moral Animal: Why We Are the Way We Are: The New Science of Evolutionary PsychologyFemale Choices: The Sexual Behavior of Female PrimatesA Feminist and Evolutionary Biologist Looks at WomenWhat's Love Got to Do with It?Male Aggression Against Women: An Evolutionary Perspective. [REVIEW]Anne Fausto-Sterling, Patricia Adair Gowaty, Marlene Zuk, Robert Wright, Meredith Small, Jane Lancaster & Barbara Smuts - 1997 - Feminist Studies 23 (2):402.
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  17.  2
    Academic Discipline Integration by Contract Cheating Services and Essay Mills.Thomas Lancaster - forthcoming - Journal of Academic Ethics:1-13.
    Contract cheating services are marketing to students at discipline level, using increasingly sophisticated techniques. The discipline level reach of these services has not been widely considered in the academic integrity literature. Much of the academic understanding of contract cheating is not discipline specific, but the necessary solutions to this problem may need to vary by discipline. This paper reviews current knowledge about contract cheating services at the discipline level, including summarising four studies that rank the relative volume of contract cheating (...)
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  18. Discussion of Time in Mahāyāna Texts.Lewis R. Lancaster - 1974 - Philosophy East and West 24 (2):209-214.
  19.  14
    Plasma Oxytocin Explains Individual Differences in Neural Substrates of Social Perception.Katie Lancaster, C. Sue Carter, Hossein Pournajafi-Nazarloo, Themistoclis Karaoli, Travis S. Lillard, Allison Jack, John M. Davis, James P. Morris & Jessica J. Connelly - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  20.  13
    Representational Momentum for the Human Body: Awkwardness Matters, Experience Does Not.Margaret Wilson, Jessy Lancaster & Karen Emmorey - 2010 - Cognition 116 (2):242-250.
  21. Potential Benefits of Canine Companionship for Military Veterans with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder.Allegro L. Johnson, Denise Pride, D. Allen Donahue, Stephen L. Stern, John P. Hatch, Sybil Allison, Alan L. Peterson, Trisha A. Benson, Carlos Moreno, Matthew D. Jeffreys & Cynthia L. Lancaster - 2013 - Society and Animals 21 (6):568-581.
    Investigators surveyed 30 U.S. military veterans with PTSD who reported having benefited from living with a dog. The subject population included men and women aged 34 to 67, with a mean of 56.9 years, who were being treated at two Department of Veterans Affairs outpatient clinics. Participants received a questionnaire packet designed to assess aspects of their mental and physical health and relationship with a canine companion, which they completed at home and returned either in person or by mail. The (...)
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  22.  8
    Emergence and Topological Order in Classical and Quantum Systems.Tom McLeish, Mark Pexton & Tom Lancaster - 2019 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 66:155-169.
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  23. On the Stages of Perception: Towards a Synthesis of Cognitive Neuroscience and the Buddhist Abhidhamma Tradition.Brian Lancaster - 1997 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 4 (2):122-142.
    The nature of perceptual and memory processes is examined in the light of suggested complementarity between introspective and empirical traditions. The introspective material analysed here is that found in the Buddhist Abhidhamma literature of the Pali canon on the stages of perception. Possible psychological and neurophysiological correspondences to these stages are proposed. The model of perception advanced here emphasizes two phases. The first involves sensory analysis and related memory readout. I postulate that this phase is completed when coherence in oscillatory (...)
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  24.  92
    Self or No-Self? Converging Perspectives From Neuropsychology and Mysticism.Brian L. Lancaster - 1993 - Zygon 28 (4):507-526.
  25.  16
    Design and Analysis of Pilot Studies: Recommendations for Good Practice.Gillian A. Lancaster, Susanna Dodd & Paula R. Williamson - 2004 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 10 (2):307-312.
  26.  10
    Nagarjuna's Philosophy as Presented in the Maha-Prajnaparamita-Sastra.Lewis Lancaster & K. Venkata Ramanan - 1968 - Philosophy East and West 18 (1/2):97.
  27.  6
    Soilogic Telepathies : Exploring Dirtier Philosophies of Creative Interchange.Linus Lancaster - 2018 - Technoetic Arts 16 (3):323-334.
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  28.  17
    Public Attitudes Toward Black Bears and Cougars on Vancouver Island.Betty-Lou Lancaster & Michael Campbell - 2010 - Society and Animals 18 (1):40-57.
    The sharp increase in the human population of Vancouver Island; the urban development policy favoring forest fragmentation and smaller, scattered settlements; and the relatively sizable population of large predatory mammals have contributed to one of the highest human-large predator contact zones in North America. Although some studies have evaluated public attitudes toward larger carnivores from urban/rural, gender, and generational perspectives, few have focused on black bears and cougars on the British Columbia coast. In this study, four hundred people in the (...)
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  29.  8
    Public Attitudes Toward Black Bears (Ursus Americanus)_ and Cougars _(Puma Concolor) on Vancouver Island.Michael Campbell & Betty-Lou Lancaster - 2010 - Society and Animals 18 (1):40-57.
    The sharp increase in the human population of Vancouver Island; the urban development policy favoring forest fragmentation and smaller, scattered settlements; and the relatively sizable population of large predatory mammals have contributed to one of the highest human-large predator contact zones in North America. Although some studies have evaluated public attitudes toward larger carnivores from urban/rural, gender, and generational perspectives, few have focused on black bears and cougars on the British Columbia coast. In this study, four hundred people in the (...)
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  30. The Semantic Structure of Evolutionary Biology as an Argument Against Intelligent Design.James A. T. Lancaster - 2011 - Zygon 46 (1):26-46.
    Abstract. This paper examines the impact of two formalizations of evolutionary biology on the antiselectionist critiques of the Intelligent Design (ID) movement. It looks first at attempts to apply the syntactic framework of the physical sciences to biology in the twentieth century, and to their effect upon the ID movement. It then examines the more heuristic account of biological-theory structure, namely, the semantic model. Finally, it concludes by advocating the semantic conception and emphasizing the problems that the semantic model creates (...)
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  31.  6
    Hermann von Helmholtz.Leo Koenigsberger, Lord Kelvin & Frances A. Welby - 1907 - Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 4 (26):715-717.
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  32.  54
    Developing Assessment Procedures and Assessing Two Models of Escalation Behavior Among Community College Administrators.David W. Hollar, John Hattie, Bert Goldman & James Lancaster - 2000 - Theory and Decision 49 (1):1-24.
    Escalation behavior occurs when individual decision-makers repeatedly invest time, money, and other resources into a failing project. A conceptual model of escalation behavior based on project, organizational, social and psychological forces was developed, and a 75-item measurement instrument was constructed to assess the various dimensions. The model was tested using data collected from a random sample of North Carolina Community College administrators. A LISREL measurement model analysis provided support for the four escalation forces. Two structural models were tested, leading to (...)
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  33.  4
    Buddhism, The Light of Asia.Lewis R. Lancaster & Kenneth K. S. Ch'en - 1969 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 89 (4):794.
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  34.  33
    Rhetoric and the Familiar in Francis Bacon and John Donne.James A. T. Lancaster - 2015 - Journal of Early Modern Studies 4 (2):163-165.
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  35.  39
    Self-Extensions: A Conceptualization.Sandra Lancaster & Margaret Foddy - 1988 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 18 (1):77–94.
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  36.  56
    Keys to the Understanding of Indian and Chinese Painting: The "Six Limbs" of Yaṣoḍhara and the "Six Principles" of Hsieh Ho.Clay Lancaster - 1952 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 11 (2):95-104.
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  37.  26
    Listening to Animalities, Materialities and Shipwrecks.Linus Lancaster & Frederick Young - 2012 - Technoetic Arts 9 (2-3):143-151.
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  38.  11
    Priestcraft. Early Modern Variations on the Theme of Sacerdotal Imposture.James A. T. Lancaster & Andrew McKenzie-McHarg - 2018 - Intellectual History Review 28 (1):1-6.
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  39.  32
    Natural Knowledge as a Propaedeutic to Self-Betterment Francis Bacon and the Transformation of Natural History.James A. T. Lancaster - 2012 - Early Science and Medicine 17 (1-2):181-196.
  40.  10
    A New Framework for Evaluating the Potential for Drug Law to Produce Stigma: Insights From an Australian Study.Kate Seear, Kari Lancaster & Alison Ritter - 2017 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 45 (4):596-606.
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  41.  21
    The Culture of Immodesty in American Life and Politics. Edited by Michael P. Federici, Richard M. Gamble, and Mark T. Mitchell. Pp. Vi, 228. Basingstoke, Palgrave MacMillan, 2013, £55.00. [REVIEW]Guy Lancaster - 2015 - Heythrop Journal 56 (3):539-540.
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  42.  37
    The Nature of Hate. By Robert J. Sternberg and Karin Sternberg.Guy Lancaster - 2010 - Heythrop Journal 51 (3):521-522.
  43.  8
    The Division of Labor and the Evolution of Human Sexuality.J. B. Lancaster & C. S. Lancaster - 1980 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3 (2):193-193.
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  44.  8
    Cuban Identity and the Angolan Experience. By Christabelle Peters. Pp. Xii, 230, Basingstoke, Palgrave MacMillan, 2012, £55.00. [REVIEW]Guy Lancaster - 2018 - Heythrop Journal 59 (2):377-377.
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  45. Volume 49, No. 1–August 2000.David W. Hollar, John Hattie, Bert Goldman, James Lancaster, L. G. Esteves, S. Wechsler, J. G. Leite, V. A. González-López, DeFinettian Consensus & Broad Sense’Environments - 2000 - Theory and Decision 49:395-396.
     
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  46.  22
    The Emergence of Symbolic Principles: The Distribution of Mind in Early Sign Making. [REVIEW]Lesley Lancaster - 2014 - Biosemiotics 7 (1):29-47.
    This paper considers the extent to which the earliest stages of learning about systems of inscription requires not just individual mental effort, but effort that is distributed across a wide physical and intellectual environment. It is particularly concerned with how children under the age of three learn about notational systems, including writing, and examines parallels with the evolution of written systems. It considers the position that children gain knowledge incrementally over the early months and years of life, supported by a (...)
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  47.  20
    An Interdisciplinary, Biosocial Perspective on Human Nature.Jane B. Lancaster - 1990 - Human Nature 1 (1):1-2.
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  48.  20
    Language and Religious Identity: Women in Discourse. Edited by Allyson Jule.Guy Lancaster - 2011 - Heythrop Journal 52 (5):883-884.
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  49.  15
    Jacob's Tears: The Priestly Work of Reconciliation. By Mary Douglas.Guy Lancaster - 2009 - Heythrop Journal 50 (6):1016-1016.
  50.  16
    Minority Narratives and National Memory by Cora Alexa Døving and Nicolas Schwaller, Eds.Guy Lancaster - 2012 - Human Rights Review 13 (3):409-411.
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