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Ken Gemes [53]Kenneth Bruce Gemes [1]
  1. Verisimilitude and Content.Ken Gemes - 2007 - Synthese 154 (2):293-306.
    Popper’s original definition of verisimilitude in terms of comparisons of truth content and falsity content has known counter-examples. More complicated approaches have met with mixed success. This paper uses a new account of logical content to develop a definition of verisimilitude that is close to Popper’s original account. It is claimed that Popper’s mistake was to couch his account of truth and falsity content in terms of true and false consequences. Comparison to a similar approach by Schurz and Wiengartner show (...)
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  2.  40
    A New Theory of Content II: Model Theory and Some Alternatives. [REVIEW]Ken Gemes - 1997 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 26 (4):449-476.
    This paper develops a semantical model - theoretic account of (logical) content complementing the syntactically specified account of content developed in "A New Theory of Content I", JPL 23: 596-620, 1994. Proofs of Completeness are given for both propositional and quantificational languages (without identity). Means for handling a quantificational language with identity are also explored. Finally, this new notion of content is compared, in respect of both logical properties and philosophical applications, to alternative partitions of the standard consequence class relation (...)
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  3.  22
    Hypothetico-Deductivism, Content, and the Natural Axiomatization of Theories.Ken Gemes - 1993 - Philosophy of Science 60 (3):477-487.
    In Gemes (1990) I examined certain formal versions of hypothetico-deductivism (H-D) showing that they have the unacceptable consequence that "Abe is a white raven" confirms "All ravens are black"! In Gemes (1992) I developed a new notion of content that could save H-D from this bizarre consequence. In this paper, I argue that more traditional formulations of H-D also need recourse to this new notion of content. I present a new account of the vexing notion of the natural axiomatization of (...)
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  4.  59
    Nietzsche on Freedom and Autonomy.Ken Gemes & Simon May (eds.) - 2009 - Oxford University Press.
    The principal aim of this volume is to elucidate what freedom, sovereignty, and autonomy mean for Nietzsche and what philosophical resources he gives us to re ...
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  5. Nietzsche's on the Genealogy of Morals: Critical Essays.Keith Ansell Pearson, Babette Babich, Eric Blondel, Daniel Conway, Ken Gemes, Jürgen Habermas, Salim Kemal, Paul S. Loeb, Mark Migotti, Wolfgang Müller-Lauter, Alexander Nehamas, David Owen, Robert Pippin, Aaron Ridley, Gary Shapiro, Alan Schrift, Tracy Strong, Christine Swanton & Yirmiyahu Yovel - 2006 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    In this astonishingly rich volume, experts in ethics, epistemology, philosophy of mind, political theory, aesthetics, history, critical theory, and hermeneutics bring to light the best philosophical scholarship on what is arguably Nietzsche's most rewarding but most challenging text. Including essays that were commissioned specifically for the volume as well as essays revised and edited by their authors, this collection showcases definitive works that have shaped Nietzsche studies alongside new works of interest to students and experts alike. A lengthy introduction, annotated (...)
     
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  6.  33
    Hypothetico-Deductivism: The Current State of Play; The Criterion of Empirical Significance: Endgame.Ken Gemes - 1998 - Erkenntnis 49 (1):1 - 20.
    : Any precise version of H-D needs to handle various problems, most notably, the problem of selective confirmation: Precise formulations of H-D should not have the consequence that where S confirms T, for any T', S confirms T&T'. It is the perceived failure of H-D to solve such problems that has lead John Earman to recently conclude that H-D is "very nearly a dead horse". This suggests the following state of play: H-D is an intuitively plausible idea that breaks down (...)
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  7.  89
    A Refutation of Global Scepticism.Ken Gemes - 2009 - Analysis 69 (2):218-219.
    Various possibilities, that one is dreaming, that one is being deceived by a deceitful demon, that one is a brain in the vat being stimulated to think one has a body and is in a regular world, have been invoked to show that all one's experience-based beliefs might be false. Descartes in Meditation I advises that in order not to lapse into his careless everyday view of things he, or at least his meditator, should pretend that all his experience-based beliefs, (...)
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  8. Nietzsche's Critique of Truth.Ken Gemes - 1992 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 52 (1):47-65.
    Article (Reprinted in "Oxford Readings in Philosophy: Nietzsche", edited by B. Leiter and J. Richardson, Oxford University Press, 2001.
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  9. Nietzsche on Free Will, Autonomy, and the Sovereign Individual.Ken Gemes - 2009 - In Ken Gemes & Simon May (eds.), Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society. Oxford University Press. pp. 321-338.
    [Ken Gemes] In some texts Nietzsche vehemently denies the possibility of free will; in others he seems to positively countenance its existence. This paper distinguishes two different notions of free will. Agency free will is intrinsically tied to the question of agency, what constitutes an action as opposed to a mere doing. Deserts free will is intrinsically tied to the question of desert, of who does and does not merit punishment and reward. It is shown that we can render Nietzsche's (...)
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  10.  41
    The Oxford Handbook of Nietzsche.Ken Gemes & John Richardson (eds.) - 2013 - Oxford University Press.
    An international team of scholars offer a broad engagement with the thought of Friedrich Nietzsche. They discuss the main topics of his philosophy, under the headings of values, epistemology and metaphysics, and will to power. Other sections are devoted to his life, his relations to other philosophers, and his individual works.
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  11.  37
    A New Theory of Content I: Basic Content. [REVIEW]Ken Gemes - 1994 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 23 (6):595 - 620.
    Philosophers of science as divergent as the inductivist Carnap and the deductivist Popper share the notion that the (logical) content of a proposition is given by its consequence class. I claim that this notion of content is (a) unintuitive and (b) inappropriate for many of the formal needs of philosophers of science. The basic problem is that given this notion of content, for any arbitrary p and q, [(p ∨ q)] will count as part of the content of both p (...)
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  12.  49
    Irrelevance: Strengthening the Bayesian Requirements.Ken Gemes - 2007 - Synthese 157 (2):161-166.
    Bayesians standardly identify irrelevance with probabilistic irrelevance. However, there are cases where e is probabilistically irrelevant to h but intuitively e is relevant to h. For instance, ‘Die A came up 1 and die B came up 1, 3, 5 or 6’ is probabilistically irrelevant to ‘Die A came up odd and die B came up even’, yet, intuitively, it is not, irrelevant to that claim, in the sense that ‘Sydney has a harbour Bridge’ is irrelevant to it. In the (...)
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  13.  54
    Janaway on Perspectivism.Ken Gemes - 2009 - European Journal of Philosophy 17 (1):101-112.
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  14.  40
    Hypothetico-Deductivism: Incomplete But Not Hopeless.Ken Gemes - 2004 - Erkenntnis 63 (1):139-147.
    Alleged counter-examples deployed in Park [Erkenntnis 60: 229–240] against the account of selective hypothetico-deductive confirmation offered in Gemes [Erkenntnis 49: 1–20] are shown to be ineffective. Furthermore, the reservations expressed in Gemes [ibid] and [Philosophy of Science 62: 477–487] about hypothetico-deductivism are retracted and replaced with the conclusion that H-D is a viable account of confirmation that captures much of the practice of working scientists. However, because it cannot capture cases of inference to the best explanation and cases of the (...)
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  15.  29
    Logical Content and Empirical Significance.Ken Gemes - manuscript
    Logical Positivism, could not be said to be au courant as a philosophical movement.1 Indeed not only is the movement no longer in existence, it's projects are no longer central to philosophical investigations, even to the investigations of those who specialize in the philosophy of science. If Positivism has been making a comeback it is primarily as an object of historical inquiry, perhaps as a means to answering the question of how we got from there (our forefathers' primary philosophical interests (...)
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  16.  4
    Freud and Nietzsche on Sublimation: NietzscheFriedrich Wilhelm,.1844-1900.Ken Gemes - 2009 - Journal of Nietzsche Studies 38 (1):38-59.
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  17.  88
    A Vindication of a Refutation of Global Scepticism, a Refutation of Global Perceptual Scepticism and a Refutation of Global Existential Scepticism.Ken Gemes - 2010 - Analysis 70 (1):63-70.
    (No abstract is available for this citation).
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  18.  17
    Horwich, Hempel, and Hypothetico-Deductivism.Ken Gemes - 1990 - Philosophy of Science 57 (4):699-702.
    In his paper, "Explanations of Irrelevance" (1983), Paul Horwich proposes an amended version of hypothetico-deductivism, (H-D * ). In this discussion note it is shown that (H-D * ) has the consequence that "A is a non-black raven" confirms "All ravens are black" relative to any tautology! It is noted that Horwich's (H-D * ) bears a strong resemblance to Hempel's prediction criterion of confirmation and that the prediction criterion faces the same obstacle. A related problem for hypothetico-deductivism in its (...)
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  19. The Problem of Evil and its Solution.Ken Gemes - manuscript
    The problem of evil can be captured by the following four statements which taken together are inconsistent: 1) God made the world 2) God is a perfect being 3) A perfect being would not create a world containing evil 4) The world contains evil Traditional attempts to grapple with this problem typically center on rejecting (3). Thus Descartes, following Augustine, rejects (3), arguing that evil is the result of man’s exercise of his free will. However, given Descartes plausible claim that (...)
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  20.  65
    Carnap-Confirmation, Content-Cutting, & Real Confirmation.Ken Gemes - manuscript
    The attempt to explicate the intuitive notions of confirmation and inductive support through use of the formal calculus of probability received its canonical formulation in Carnap's The Logical Foundations of Probability. It is a central part of modern Bayesianism as developed recently, for instance, by Paul Horwich and John Earman. Carnap places much emphasis on the identification of confirmation with the notion of probabilistic favorable relevance. Notoriously, the notion of confirmation as probabilistic favorable relevance violates the intuitive transmittability condition that (...)
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  21.  12
    Content & Watkins's Account of Natural Axiomatizations.Ken Gemes - 2006 - Dialectica 60 (1):85–92.
    This paper briefly recounts the importance of the notion of natural axiomatizations for explicating hypothetico‐deductivism, empirical significance, theoretical reduction, and organic fertility. Problems for the account of natural axiomatizations developed by John Watkins in Science and Scepticism and the revised account developed by Elie Zahar are demonstrated. It is then shown that Watkins's account can be salvaged from various counter‐examples in a principled way by adding the demand that every axiom of a natural axiomatization should be part of the content (...)
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  22.  15
    Schurz on Hypothetico-Deductivism.Ken Gemes - 1994 - Erkenntnis 41 (2):171 - 181.
  23.  9
    Explanation, Unification, and Content.Ken Gemes - 1994 - Noûs 28 (2):225-240.
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  24. Strangers to Ourselves: Nietzsche on The Will to Truth, The Scientific Spirit, Free Will, and Genuine Selfhood.Ken Gemes - unknown
    On the Genealogy of Morals contains the puzzling claim that the will to truth is the last expression of the ascetic ideal. Part I of this essay argues that Nietzsche’s claim is that our will to truth functions as a tool allowing us to take a passive stance to the world, leading us to repress and split off part of our nature. Part II deals with Nietzsche’s account of the sovereign individual and his related, novel, account of free will. Both (...)
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  25.  21
    Bootstrapping and Content Parts.Ken Gemes - 2006 - Erkenntnis 64 (3):345-370.
    Christensen [Philosophy of Science, 50: 471–481, 1983] and [Philosophy of Science, 57: 644–662, 1990] provides two sets of counter-examples to the versions of bootstrap confirmation for standard first-order languages presented in Glymour [Theory and Evidence, Princeton University Press, Princeton, 1980] and [Philosophy of Science, 50: 626–629, 1983]. This paper responds to the counter-examples of Christensen [Philosophy of Science, 50: 471–481, 1983] by utilizing a new notion of content introduced in Gemes [Journal of Philosophical Logic, 26, 449–476, 1997]. It is claimed (...)
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  26.  64
    The Indeterminacy Thesis Reformulated.Ken Gemes - 1991 - Journal of Philosophy 88 (2):91-108.
  27.  21
    Ken Gemes.Ken Gemes - 2006 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 80 (1):321–338.
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  28.  56
    The World in Itself: Neither Uniform nor Physical.Ken Gemes - 1987 - Synthese 73 (2):301 - 318.
    Since Hume, philosophers of induction have debated the question of whether we have any reason for assuming that nature is uniform. This debate has always presumed that the uniformity hypothesis is itself coherent. In Part 1 of the following I argue that a proper appreciation of Nelson Goodman's so-called grue-green problem1 should lead us to the conclusion that the uniformity hypothesis, under its usual interpretation as a strictly ontological thesis, is incoherent. In Part 2 I argue that further consideration of (...)
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  29.  39
    Inductive Skepticism and the Probability Calculus I: Popper and Jeffreys on Induction and the Probability of Law-Like Universal Generalizations.Ken Gemes - 1997 - Philosophy of Science 64 (1):113-130.
  30.  78
    Nihilism and the Affirmation of Life: A Review of and Dialogue with Bernard Reginster. [REVIEW]Ken Gemes - 2008 - European Journal of Philosophy 16 (3):459-466.
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  31.  49
    A Refutation of Popperian Inductive Scepticism.Ken Gemes - 1989 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 40 (2):183-184.
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  32.  50
    Freud and Nietzsche on Sublimation.Ken Gemes - 2009 - Journal of Nietzsche Studies 38 (1):38-59.
    The notion of sublimation is essential to Nietzsche and Freud. However, Freud's writings fail to provide a persuasive notion of sublimation. In particular, Freud's writings are confused on the distinction between pathological symptoms and sublimation and on the relation between sublimation and repression. After rehearsing these problems in some detail, it is proposed that a return to Nietzsche allows for a more coherent account of sublimation, its difference from pathological symptoms, and its relation to repression. In summary, on Nietzsche's account, (...)
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  33.  31
    Life-Denial Versus Life-Affirmation: Schopenhauer and Nietzsche on Pessimism and Asceticism.Ken Gemes - unknown
    Book synopsis: A Companion to Schopenhauer provides a comprehensive guide to all the important facets of Schopenhauer’s philosophy. The volume contains 26 newly commissioned essays by prominent Schopenhauer scholars working in the field today.
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  34.  68
    Naturalism and Value in Nietzsche. [REVIEW]Ken Gemes & Christopher Janaway - 2005 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 71 (3):729–740.
  35.  59
    Postmodernism's Use and Abuse of Nietzsche.Ken Gemes - 2001 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 62 (2):337-360.
    I focus on Nietzsche’s architectural metaphor of self-construction in arguing for the claim that postmodern readings of Nietzsche misunderstand his various attacks on dogmatic philosophy as paving the way for acceptance of a self characterized by fundamental disunity. Nietzsche’s attack on essentialist dogmatic metaphysics is a call to engage in a purposive self-creation under a unifying will, a will that possesses the strength to reinterpret history as a pathway to “the problem that we are”. Nietzsche agrees with the postmodernists that (...)
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  36.  28
    Nietzsche.Ken Gemes & Christoph Schuringa - 2012 - In Tom Angier (ed.), Ethics: The Key Thinkers. Bloomsbury Academic.
    Nietzsche never presented a worked-out normative ethical theory and appeared to regard any attempt to do so as woefully misguided. He poured scorn on the main contenders for such a theory in his day, and in ours – Kantian ethics and utilitarianism. Moreover, he repeatedly referred to himself as an 'immoralist' and gave one of his books the title Beyond Good and Evil, thus seeming only to confirm the impression that he was more interested in demolishing, and even abolishing morality (...)
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  37.  9
    We Remain of Necessity Strangers to Ourselves: The Key Message of Nietzsche's Genealogy.Ken Gemes - unknown
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  38. Inductive Skepticism and the Probability Calculus I: Popper and Earman on the Probability of Laws.Ken Gemes - 1997 - Philosophy of Science 64:113-130.
  39.  12
    Life’s Perspectives.Ken Gemes - 2013 - In Ken Gemes & John Richardson (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Nietzsche. Oxford University Press.
    This article explores Nietzsche’s interest in perspectives. Various epistemological and semantic interpretations of perspectivism are considered, including readings of it as a semantic claim about the nature of truth, and readings of perspectivism as an epistemological claim, that all knowledge depends on interests or affect. Nietzsche’s perspectivism is best interpreted as a kind of psychobiological claim that serves as an extension of his claim that all life is will to power. On this reading, perspectivism has neither semantic significance nor epistemological (...)
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  40.  23
    A Refutation of Inductive Scepticism.Ken Gemes - 1983 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 61 (4):434 – 438.
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  41.  4
    Confirmation and Compositionality.Ken Gemes - unknown
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  42.  2
    I—Ken Gemes.Ken Gemes - 2006 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 80 (1):321-338.
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  43.  9
    Review: Naturalism and Value in Nietzsche. [REVIEW]Ken Gemes & Christopher Janaway - 2005 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 71 (3):729 - 740.
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  44. Explanation, Unification, & Content.Ken Gemes - unknown
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  45.  2
    24. Nietzsche on Consciousness, Unity, and the Self.Imogen Le Patourel & Ken Gemes - 2015 - In Bartholomew Ryan, Maria Joao Mayer Branco & João Constancio (eds.), Nietzsche and the Problem of Subjectivity. De Gruyter. pp. 597-628.
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  46. Epistemological Vs. Causal Explanation in Quine, Or, Quine: Sic Et Non.Ken Gemes - unknown
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  47.  1
    Nietzsche on Free Will, Autonomy and the Sovereign Individual.Ken Gemes & Christopher Janaway - 2006 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 106 (1):339-357.
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  48. Nihilism and the Affirmation of Life: A Review of and Dialogue with Bernard Reginster1. [REVIEW]Ken Gemes - 2008 - European Journal of Philosophy 16 (3):459-466.
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  49. Nietzsche's Critique of Truth.Ken Gemes - 1992 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 52 (1):47-65.
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  50. Nietzsche on Free Will, Autonomy and the Sovereign Individual.Ken Gemes & Christopher Janaway - 2006 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, Supplementary Volumes( 80:321-357.
    [Ken Gemes] In some texts Nietzsche vehemently denies the possibility of free will; in others he seems to positively countenance its existence. This paper distinguishes two different notions of free will. Agency free will is intrinsically tied to the question of agency, what constitutes an action as opposed to a mere doing. Deserts free will is intrinsically tied to the question of desert, of who does and does not merit punishment and reward. It is shown that we can render Nietzsche's (...)
     
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