Results for 'Kenneth D. Witmer Jr'

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  1.  31
    Book Review Section 2. [REVIEW]Kenneth D. Witmer Jr, Addie J. Butler, Bill Eaton, E. V. Johanningmeier, Gerald L. Gutek, Hilda Calabro, Charles M. Dye, Robert J. Skovira, Susan Ludmer-Gliebe, George W. Bright, Harvey G. Neufeldt, Frederick M. Schultz & Fred D. Kierstead - 1979 - Educational Studies 10 (3):304-325.
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  2.  9
    Ethical Issues in the Use of Animals in Research: A Special Issue of Ethics and Behavior.Kenneth D. Pimple, F. Barbara Orlans & Gluck Jr (eds.) - 1997 - Psychology Press.
    The articles collected in this special issue were originally presented at two workshops entitled "Ethical Issues of Animal Research" sponsored by Georgetown University's Kennedy Institute of Ethics and Indiana University's Poynter Center for the Study of Ethics and American Institution. Some of the most prominent and influential thinkers in the field present their diverse views.
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  3. Ralph H. Lutts The Wild Animal Story Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1998, 302 pp. Howard Lyman Mad Cowboy. [REVIEW]Randy Malamud, Jeffrey Moussaieff Masson, Ollin Eugene Myers Jr, Barbara Orlans, Tom L. Beauchamp, Rebecca Dresser, David B. Morton, John P. Gluck, Kenneth D. Pimple & F. Barbara Orlans - 1997 - Ethics and Behavior 7:2.
     
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  4.  28
    Book Review Section 3. [REVIEW]Max A. Bailey, Kenneth R. Conklin, William J. Mathis, Harold J. Noah, John Bremer, Beatrice E. Sarlos, Eric Russell Lacy, David W. Minar, Dabney Park Jr, Nathan Kravetz, Allan R. Sullivan, Dwight W. Allen, Joel H. Spring, Walden Crabtree & Leo D. Leonard - 1973 - Educational Studies 4 (1):35-48.
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  5. Kenneth M. Sayre, Plato's Late Ontology: A Riddle Resolved Reviewed by.Richard D. McKirahan Jr - 1986 - Philosophy in Review 6 (4):177-179.
  6.  15
    Bette Anton, MLS, is the Head Librarian of the Optometry Library/Health Sciences Information Service. This library serves the University of California at Berkeley–University of California at San Francisco Joint Medical Program and the University of California at Berkeley School of Optometry.David A. Asch, Jeffrey R. Botkin, Katrina A. Bramstedt, Arthur L. Caplan, H. Tristram Engelhardt Jr, D. Micah Hester, Kenneth V. Iserson & Mark G. Kuczewski - 2002 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 11:4-5.
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  7.  14
    Science in ChinaScience and Civilisation in China. Joseph Needham, Wang Ling, Kenneth Robinson, Lu Gwei-Djen, Ho Ping-Yu, Nathan Sivin.Lynn White Jr & Jonathan D. Spence - 1984 - Isis 75 (1):171-189.
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  8.  26
    Book Review Section 1. [REVIEW]Linda Crawford, Stafford Kay, Jorge Jeria, Kenneth C. Schmidt, Edmund C. Short, Donald A. Dellow, Lewis E. Cloud, M. M. Chambers, George L. Dowd, L. David Weller Jr, J. J. Chambliss, Paul Nash, Robert V. Bullough Jr, Michael V. Belok & George D. Dalin - 1980 - Educational Studies 11 (1):67-91.
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  9. Ellen Frankel Paul, Fred D. Miller, Jr., and Jeffrey Paul, eds., Property Rights Reviewed by.Kenneth Ft Cust - 1995 - Philosophy in Review 15 (3):195-197.
     
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  10.  27
    Revive and Refuse: Capacity, Autonomy, and Refusal of Care After Opioid Overdose.Kenneth D. Marshall, Arthur R. Derse, Scott G. Weiner & Joshua W. Joseph - 2023 - American Journal of Bioethics 24 (5):11-24.
    Physicians generally recommend that patients resuscitated with naloxone after opioid overdose stay in the emergency department for a period of observation in order to prevent harm from delayed sequelae of opioid toxicity. Patients frequently refuse this period of observation despiteenefit to risk. Healthcare providers are thus confronted with the challenge of how best to protect the patient’s interests while also respecting autonomy, including assessing whether the patient is making an autonomous choice to refuse care. Previous studies have shown that physicians (...)
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  11. Medicine, philosophy of.Kenneth F. Schaffner & H. Tristram Engelhardt Jr - 1998 - In Edward Craig (ed.), Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy: Genealogy to Iqbal. Routledge. pp. 264-269.
     
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  12. Aristotle and the Origins of Natural Rights.Jr: Fred D. Miller - 1996 - Review of Metaphysics 49 (4):873-908.
    The disagreement over whether Aristotle recognized rights in some form unavoidably involves disagreement over what rights are, and the theory of rights itself is still highly contested. There is no consensus concerning how " right'? is to be defined, how rights are to be theoretically grounded, or how rights theory is to be applied in particular circumstances. This is not, however, a good reason to dismiss the issue of whether there are rights in Aristotle: for Aristotle, like modern rights theorists, (...)
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  13.  16
    Qualitative process theory.Kenneth D. Forbus - 1984 - Artificial Intelligence 24 (1-3):85-168.
  14.  42
    MAC/FAC: A Model of Similarity‐Based Retrieval.Kenneth D. Forbus, Dedre Gentner & Keith Law - 1995 - Cognitive Science 19 (2):141-205.
    We present a model of similarity‐based retrieval that attempts to capture three seemingly contradictory psychological phenomena: (a) structural commonalities are weighed more heavily than surface commonalities in similarity judgments for items in working memory; (b) in retrieval, superficial similarity is more important than structural similarity; and yet (c) purely structural (analogical) remindings e sometimes experienced. Our model, MAC/FAC, explains these phenomena in terms of a two‐stage process. The first stage uses a computationally cheap, non‐structural matcher to filter candidate long‐term memory (...)
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  15.  21
    The Roles of Similarity in Transfer: Separating Retrievability from Inferential Soundness.Kenneth D. Forbus, Dedre Gentner & Mary Jo Rattermann - 1993 - Cognitive Psychology 25 (4).
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  16. Cheating in Academic Institutions: A Decade of Research.Kenneth D. Butterfield, Linda Klebe Trevino & Donald L. McCabe - 2001 - Ethics and Behavior 11 (3):219-232.
    This article reviews 1 decade of research on cheating in academic institutions. This research demonstrates that cheating is prevalent and that some forms of cheating have increased dramatically in the last 30 years. This research also suggests that although both individual and contextual factors influence cheating, contextual factors, such as students' perceptions of peers' behavior, are the most powerful influence. In addition, an institution's academic integrity programs and policies, such as honor codes, can have a significant influence on students' behavior. (...)
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  17.  47
    Extending SME to Handle Large‐Scale Cognitive Modeling.Kenneth D. Forbus, Ronald W. Ferguson, Andrew Lovett & Dedre Gentner - 2017 - Cognitive Science 41 (5):1152-1201.
    Analogy and similarity are central phenomena in human cognition, involved in processes ranging from visual perception to conceptual change. To capture this centrality requires that a model of comparison must be able to integrate with other processes and handle the size and complexity of the representations required by the tasks being modeled. This paper describes extensions to Structure-Mapping Engine since its inception in 1986 that have increased its scope of operation. We first review the basic SME algorithm, describe psychological evidence (...)
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  18. Six domains of research ethics: A heuristic framework for the responsible conduct of research.Kenneth D. Pimple - 2002 - Science and Engineering Ethics 8 (2):191-205.
    The purpose of this paper is to provide a simple yet comprehensive organizing scheme for the responsible conduct of research (RCR). The heuristic offered here should prove helpful in research ethics education, where the many and heterogeneous elements of RCR can be bewildering, as well as research into research integrity and efforts to form RCR policy and regulations. The six domains are scientific integrity, collegiality, protection of human subjects, animal welfare, institutional integrity, and social responsibility.
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  19. The Influence of Collegiate and Corporate Codes of Conduct on Ethics-Related Behavior in the Workplace.Kenneth D. Butterfield - 1996 - Business Ethics Quarterly 6 (4):461-476.
    Codes of conduct are viewed here as a community’s attempt to communicate its expectations and standards of ethical behavior. Many organizations are implementing codes, but empirical support for the relationship between such codes and employee conduct is lacking. We investigated the long term effects of a collegiate honor code experience as well as the effects of corporate ethics codes on unethical behavior in the workplace by surveying alumni from an honor code and a non-honor code college who now work in (...)
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  20.  11
    Qualitative spatial reasoning: The CLOCK project.Kenneth D. Forbus, Paul Nielsen & Boi Faltings - 1991 - Artificial Intelligence 51 (1-3):417-471.
  21.  28
    Incremental structure-mapping.Kenneth D. Forbus, Ronald W. Ferguson & Dedre Gentner - 1994 - In Ashwin Ram & Kurt Eiselt (eds.), Proceedings of the Sixteenth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Erlbaum. pp. 313--318.
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  22.  10
    CyclePad: An articulate virtual laboratory for engineering thermodynamics.Kenneth D. Forbus, Peter B. Whalley, John O. Everett, Leo Ureel, Mike Brokowski, Julie Baher & Sven E. Kuehne - 1999 - Artificial Intelligence 114 (1-2):297-347.
  23.  29
    The Cognitive Science of Sketch Worksheets.Kenneth D. Forbus, Maria Chang, Matthew McLure & Madeline Usher - 2017 - Topics in Cognitive Science 9 (4):921-942.
    Computational modeling of sketch understanding is interesting both scientifically and for creating systems that interact with people more naturally. Scientifically, understanding sketches requires modeling aspects of visual processing, spatial representations, and conceptual knowledge in an integrated way. Software that can understand sketches is starting to be used in classrooms, and it could have a potentially revolutionary impact as the models and technologies become more advanced. This paper looks at one such effort, Sketch Worksheets, which have been used in multiple classroom (...)
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  24. Moral Responsibility for Engineers.Kenneth D. Alpern - 1983 - Business and Professional Ethics Journal 2 (2):39-48.
  25.  51
    An Inductive Model of Collaboration From the Stakeholder’s Perspective.Kenneth D. Butterfield, Richard Reed & David J. Lemak - 2004 - Business and Society 43 (2):162-195.
    This work emerged from funded research examining collaboration among stake-holder organizations present at three U.S. nuclear weapons complex sites. The authors examine issues such as how and why stakeholder groups form collaborative alliances when dealing with the target organization, what leaders of stakeholder organizations actually think about when collaborating to deal with the target organization, and what outcomes result from the collaboration process. Drawing on stakeholder theory and research in interorganizational collaboration, the authors used an inductive, interview-based methodology to build (...)
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  26. Aristotle on the friendships of utility and pleasure.Kenneth D. Alpern - 1983 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 21 (3):303-315.
    Utility- and pleasure-Friendship in the "nicomachean ethics" have commonly been held to be wholly self-Seeking relationships and of no great interest as forms of "friendship". Recently, John cooper has argued that these relationships essentially involve disinterested concern in a subtle blending of self- and other-Regarding purposes and causes. The article argues against cooper that disinterestedness has no part in these relationships but that they can nonetheless be seen as exhibiting trust, Sharing, Interdependence, And other virtues of interpersonal relationships.
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  27. The Ethical Context in Organizations: Influences on Employee Attitudes and Behaviors.Linda Klebe Treviño, Kenneth D. Butterfield & Donald L. McCabe - 1998 - Business Ethics Quarterly 8 (3):447-476.
    Abstract:This field survey focused on two constructs that have been developed to represent the ethical context in organizations: ethical climate and ethical culture. We first examined issues of convergence and divergence between these constructs through factor analysis and correlational analysis. Results suggested that the two constructs are measuring somewhat different, but strongly related dimensions of the ethical context. We then investigated the relationships between the emergent ethical context factors and an ethics-related attitude (organizational commitment) and behavior (observed unethical conduct) for (...)
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  28. AI and Cognitive Science: The Past and Next 30 Years.Kenneth D. Forbus - 2010 - Topics in Cognitive Science 2 (3):345-356.
    Artificial Intelligence (AI) is a core area of Cognitive Science, yet today few AI researchers attend the Cognitive Science Society meetings. This essay examines why, how AI has changed over the last 30 years, and some emerging areas of potential interest where AI and the Society can go together in the next 30 years, if they choose.
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  29.  19
    Triangulation of History Using Textual Data.Kenneth D. Aiello & Michael Simeone - 2019 - Isis 110 (3):522-537.
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  30.  11
    Knowing when to act: A call for an open misinformation library to guide actionable surveillance.Kenneth D. Mandl, Amalie Dyda, Maryke Steffens & Adam G. Dunn - 2021 - Big Data and Society 8 (1).
    The design and reporting of data-driven studies seeking to measure misinformation are patchy and inconsistent, and these studies rarely measure associations with, or effects on, behaviour. The consequence is that data-driven misinformation studies are not yet useful as an empirical basis for guiding when to act on emerging misinformation threats, or for deciding when it is more appropriate to do nothing to avoid inadvertently amplifying misinformation. In a narrative review focused on examples of health-related misinformation, we take a critical perspective (...)
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  31.  10
    Qualitative process theory: twelve years after.Kenneth D. Forbus - 1993 - Artificial Intelligence 59 (1-2):115-123.
  32.  31
    Evidence from machines that learn and think like people.Kenneth D. Forbus & Dedre Gentner - 2017 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 40.
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  33.  40
    Representation and Computation in Cognitive Models.Kenneth D. Forbus, Chen Liang & Irina Rabkina - 2017 - Topics in Cognitive Science 9 (3):694-718.
    One of the central issues in cognitive science is the nature of human representations. We argue that symbolic representations are essential for capturing human cognitive capabilities. We start by examining some common misconceptions found in discussions of representations and models. Next we examine evidence that symbolic representations are essential for capturing human cognitive capabilities, drawing on the analogy literature. Then we examine fundamental limitations of feature vectors and other distributed representations that, despite their recent successes on various practical problems, suggest (...)
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  34.  7
    Self-repair in the Workplace: A Qualitative Investigation.Kenneth D. Butterfield, Warren Cook, Natalie Liberman & Jerry Goodstein - 2021 - Journal of Business Ethics 182 (2):321-340.
    Despite widespread interest in the topic of moral repair in the business ethics literature and in the workplace, little is currently known about moral repair with regard to the self—i.e., how and why individuals repair themselves in the aftermath of harming others within workplace contexts and what factors may influence the success of self-repair. We conducted a qualitative study in the context of health care organizations to develop an inductive model of self-repair in the workplace. Our findings reveal a set (...)
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  35.  4
    Social Transformation in Nehemiah.Kenneth D. Tollefson - 1989 - Transformation: An International Journal of Holistic Mission Studies 6 (1):3-6.
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  36. The Ethics of Reproductive Technology.Kenneth D. Alpern & Mary Anne Warren - 1995 - Bioethics 9 (2):164.
     
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  37.  6
    Naturalism in American Education.Kenneth D. Benne - 1939 - Philosophical Review 48:237.
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  38.  28
    Ethics at the interface: A successful online seminar: Commentary on “reflections on teaching health care ethics on the web”.Kenneth D. Pimple - 2005 - Science and Engineering Ethics 11 (3):495-499.
  39.  23
    Editors' Introduction: Sketching and Cognition.Kenneth D. Forbus & Shaaron Ainsworth - 2017 - Topics in Cognitive Science 9 (4):864-865.
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  40.  25
    MACIFAC: A Model of Si~ i~ ari~-~ s~ Retrieval.Kenneth D. Forsus, Dedre Gentner & L. A. W. Keith - 1994 - Cognitive Science 19:141-205.
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  41.  7
    Structure and interpretation of computer programs.Kenneth D. Forbus - 1985 - Artificial Intelligence 27 (1):124-127.
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  42.  28
    The structure-mapping engine: Algorithm and examples.Brian Falkenhainer, Kenneth D. Forbus & Dedre Gentner - 1989 - Artificial Intelligence 41 (1):1-63.
  43.  31
    Commentary.Kenneth D. AIpern - 1985 - Business and Professional Ethics Journal 4 (1):47-52.
  44.  37
    On being a scientist.Kenneth D. Pimple, Philip J. Whitney, Diane Hoffman-Kim & Linda B. McGown - 1995 - Science and Engineering Ethics 1 (3):309-314.
    Editors’ Note:As a matter of policy, the editors believe that publishing several reviews of selected texts is a valuable exercise which will enable a cross-section of views to be aired. The recently published second edition of the National Academy of Sciences’ report “On Being a Scientist” was considered an appropriate text for such treatment. The reviewer, Kenneth D. Pimple, Ph.D., is a Research Associate at the Poynter Center for the Study of Ethics and American Institutions and a Visiting Lecturer (...)
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  45.  32
    Moral Philosophy at West Point in the Nineteenth Century.Kenneth D. Shive - 1990 - Teaching Philosophy 13 (4):345-357.
  46.  17
    The Nature and Functions of Authority.Kenneth D. Benne - 1941 - Philosophical Review 50:453.
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  47.  26
    A. The Corporation as an Individual Can a Corporation Have a Consoienoe?Kenneth E. Goodpaster & John B. Matthews Jr - forthcoming - Business Ethics.
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  48.  30
    Commentary on “the history and future of the office of research integrity: Scientific misconduct and beyond” (c. pascal).Kenneth D. Pimple - 1999 - Science and Engineering Ethics 5 (2):203-204.
  49.  20
    Using art for comparison and distraction: Effects on negative emotions and judgements of satisfaction.Kenneth D. Locke & Dacher Keltner - 1993 - Cognition and Emotion 7 (5):443-460.
  50.  39
    Hallucinations and nonsensory correlates of neural activity.Kenneth D. Harris - 2004 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (6):796-796.
    Behrendt & Young (B&Y) suggest that hallucinations occur as a result of decoupling of neuronal populations from sensory control. I propose that such a decoupling is in fact a constant feature of brain activity, even under nonpathological conditions. This position is justified by evidence from recent neurophysiological recording studies. I suggest that hallucinations arise because of a breakdown in segregation of internally and externally generated activity in a neuronal population.
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