Results for 'Kenneth Podell'

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  1.  59
    Adaptive Versus Veridical Decision Making and the Frontal Lobes.Elkhonon Goldberg & Kenneth Podell - 1999 - Consciousness and Cognition 8 (3):364-377.
    Adaptive decision making and veridical decision making are based on different mechanisms. Veridical decision making is based on the identification of the correct response, which is intrinsic to the external situation and is actor-independent. Adaptive decision making is actor-centered and is guided by the actor's priorities. The prefrontal cortex is particularly critical for adaptive decision making and less so for veridical decision making. However, most experimental procedures used in cognitive psychology and neuropsychology focus on veridical decision making and ignore adaptive (...)
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  2. Kai Vogeley, Martin Kurthen, Peter Falkai, and Wolfgang Maier. Essential Functions of the Human.Elkhonon Goldberg, Kenneth Podell, J. Proust, Karl H. Pribram, Vittorio Gallese, Marianne Hammerl, Andy P. Field, Frederick Travis, R. Keith Wallace & J. Allan Cheyne - 1999 - Consciousness and Cognition 8:270.
     
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  3.  22
    Negligence*: KENNETH W. SIMONS.Kenneth W. Simons - 1999 - Social Philosophy and Policy 16 (2):52-93.
    Faced with the choice between creating a risk of harm and taking a precaution against that risk, should I take the precaution? Does the proper analysis of this trade-off require a maximizing, utilitarian approach? If not, how does one properly analyze the trade-off? These questions are important, for we often are uncertain about the effects of our actions. Accordingly, we often must consider whether our actions create an unreasonable risk of injury — that is, whether our actions are negligent.
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  4. Consciousness: Don't Give Up on the Brain: Kenneth Aizawa.Kenneth Aizawa - 2010 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 67:263-284.
    In the extended mind literature, one sometimes finds the claim that there is no neural correlate of consciousness. Instead, there is a biological or ecological correlate of consciousness. Consciousness, it is claimed, supervenes on an entire organism in action. Alva Noë is one of the leading proponents of such a view. This paper resists Noë's view. First, it challenges the evidence he offers from neuroplasticity. Second, it presses a problem with paralysis. Third, it draws attention to a challenge from the (...)
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  5.  26
    Ritual Elements in Community*: KENNETH L. SCHMITZ.Kenneth L. Schmitz - 1981 - Religious Studies 17 (2):163-177.
    The Oxford English Dictionary says that a rite is ‘a formal procedure or act in a religious or other solemn observance’. The word comes into English through the French rite from the Latin ritus . Its original meaning escapes etymologists; and this is a mixed blessing, for we neither can nor must attempt a retrieval of its hidden roots. We are told by respectable etymologists that the word is associated from earliest times with Latin religious usage, but that even in (...)
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  6.  55
    Explaining Why This Body Gives Rise to Me Qua Subject Instead of Someone Else: An Argument for Classical Substance Dualism: Kenneth Einar Himma.Kenneth Einar Himma - 2011 - Religious Studies 47 (4):431-448.
    Since something cannot be conscious without being a conscious subject, a complete physicalist explanation of consciousness must resolve an issue first raised by Thomas Nagel, namely to explain why a particular mass of atoms that comprises my body gives rise to me as conscious subject, rather than someone else. In this essay, I describe a thought-experiment that suggests that physicalism lacks the resources to address Nagel's question and seems to pose a counter-example to any form of non-reductive physicalism relying on (...)
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  7.  32
    The Free-Will Defence: Evil and the Moral Value of Free Will: Kenneth Einar Himma.Kenneth Einar Himma - 2009 - Religious Studies 45 (4):395-415.
    One version of the free-will argument relies on the claim that, other things being equal, a world in which free beings exist is morally preferable to a world in which free beings do not exist . I argue that this version of the free-will argument cannot support a theodicy that should alleviate the doubts about God's existence to which the problems of evil give rise. In particular, I argue that the value thesis has no foundation in common intuitions about morality. (...)
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  8.  16
    McTaggart's Paradox: Two Parodies: Kenneth Rankin.Kenneth Rankin - 1981 - Philosophy 56 (217):333-348.
    To be truly provocative and outrageous the superior philosophical sophistry will commonly possess four somewhat adventitious features. I shall rate it as classic if it has all four. First, and least adventitiously, the argument will be crisp and initially seductive. Second, by the standard the sophistry sets direct rebuttal will be laborious and diffuse. Third, the recipe for the latter will prescribe that we pick out some hitherto unarticulated logical principle such that if the principle be true then the sophistical (...)
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  9.  62
    Discovery and Explanation in Biology and Medicine.Kenneth F. Schaffner - 1993 - University of Chicago Press.
    Kenneth F. Schaffner compares the practice of biological and medical research and shows how traditional topics in philosophy of science--such as the nature of theories and of explanation--can illuminate the life sciences. While Schaffner pays some attention to the conceptual questions of evolutionary biology, his chief focus is on the examples that immunology, human genetics, neuroscience, and internal medicine provide for examinations of the way scientists develop, examine, test, and apply theories. Although traditional philosophy of science has regarded scientific (...)
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  10.  43
    Kenneth Seeskin Replies.Kenneth Seeskin - 1985 - Philosophy and Literature 9 (2):201-202.
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  11.  22
    A Grammar of Motives.Kenneth Burke - 1946 - Berkeley: University of California Press.
    About this book Mr. Burke contributes an introductory and summarizing remark, "What is involved, when we say what people are doing and why they are doing it?
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  12. Group Action Without Group Minds.Kenneth Silver - forthcoming - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research.
    Groups behave in a variety of ways. To show that this behavior amounts to action, it would be best to fit it into a general account of action. However, nearly every account from the philosophy of action requires the agent to have mental states such as beliefs, desires, and intentions. Unfortunately, theorists are divided over whether groups can instantiate these states—typically depending on whether or not they are willing to accept functionalism about the mind. But we can avoid this debate. (...)
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  13. Beyond Mind-Reading: Multi-Voxel Pattern Analysis of fMRI Data.Kenneth A. Norman, Sean M. Polyn, Greg J. Detre & James V. Haxby - 2006 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 10 (9):424-430.
  14.  27
    Existing by Convention: KENNETH G. FERGUSON.Kenneth G. Ferguson - 1992 - Religious Studies 28 (2):185-194.
    Ever since the Proslogion was first circulated , critics have been bemused by St Anselm's brazen attempt to establish a matter of fact, namely, God's existence, from the simple analysis of a term or concept. Yet every critic who has proposed to ‘write the obituary’ of the Ontological Argument has found it to be remarkably resilient . At the risk of adding to a record of failures, I want to venture a new method for attacking this durable argument. Neither the (...)
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  15. Kant and the Capacity to Judge.Kenneth R. Westphal & Beatrice Longuenesse - 2000 - Philosophical Review 109 (4):645.
    Kant famously declares that “although all our cognition commences with experience, … it does not on that account all arise from experience”. This marks Kant’s disagreement with empiricism, and his contention that human knowledge and experience require both sensation and the use of certain a priori concepts, the Categories. However, this is only the surface of Kant’s much deeper, though neglected view about the nature of reason and judgment. Kant holds that even our a priori concepts are acquired, not from (...)
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  16. Attitudes Toward History / by Kenneth Burke.Kenneth Burke - 1961 - Beacon Press.
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  17.  25
    Twelve Propositions by Kenneth Burke on the Relation Between Economics and Psychology.Kenneth Burke & Margaret Schlauch - 1938 - Science and Society 2 (2):242 - 253.
  18.  39
    A Rhetoric of Motives.Kenneth Burke - 1950 - Berkeley: University of California Press.
    As critic, Kenneth Burke's preoccupations were at the beginning purely esthetic and literary; but afterCounter-Statement(1931), he began to discriminate a ...
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  19.  75
    The Abuse of Casuistry: A History of Moral Reasoning.Kenneth W. Kemp - 1988 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 24 (1):76-80.
    In this engaging study, the authors put casuistry into its historical context, tracing the origin of moral reasoning in antiquity, its peak during the sixteenth and early seventeenth century, and its subsequent fall into disrepute from the mid-seventeenth century.
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  20.  15
    Book Symposium on Kenneth R. Westphal’s How Hume and Kant Reconstruct Natural Law.Kenneth R. Westphal - 2019 - Filozofija I Društvo 30 (2):197-237.
    EDITED BY SLAVENKO ŠLJUKIĆBOOK SYMPOSIUM ON KENNETH R. WESTPHAL’S HOW HUME AND KANT RECONSTRUCT NATURAL LAW.
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  21. Group Understanding.Kenneth Boyd - 2019 - Synthese 198 (7):6837-6858.
    While social epistemologists have recently begun addressing questions about whether groups can possess beliefs or knowledge, little has yet been said about whether groups can properly be said to possess understanding. Here I want to make some progress on this question by considering two possible accounts of group understanding, modeled on accounts of group belief and knowledge: a deflationary account, according to which a group understands just in case most or all of its members understand, and an inflationary account, according (...)
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  22.  79
    Can a Corporation Be Worthy of Moral Consideration?Kenneth Silver - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 159 (1):253-265.
    Much has been written about what corporations owe society and whether it is appropriate to hold them responsible. In contrast, little has been written about whether anything is owed to corporations apart from what is owed to their members. And when this question has been addressed, the answer has always been that corporations are not worthy of any distinct moral consideration. This is even claimed by proponents of corporate agency. In this paper, I argue that proponents of corporate agency should (...)
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  23.  10
    Behaving: What's Genetic, What's Not, and Why Should We Care?Kenneth F. Schaffner - 2016 - Oxford University Press USA.
    Behaving presents an overview of the recent history and methodology of behavioral genetics and psychiatric genetics, informed by a philosophical perspective. Kenneth F. Schaffner addresses a wide range of issues, including genetic reductionism and determinism, "free will," and quantitative and molecular genetics. The latter covers newer genome-wide association studies that have produced a paradigm shift in the subject, and generated the problem of "missing heritability." Schaffner also presents cases involving pro and con arguments for genetic testing for IQ and (...)
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  24.  14
    Experiential Avoidance in the Parenting of Anxious Youth: Theory, Research, and Future Directions.Shilpee Tiwari, Jennifer C. Podell, Erin D. Martin, Matt P. Mychailyszyn, Jami M. Furr & Philip C. Kendall - 2008 - Cognition and Emotion 22 (3):480-496.
  25.  6
    Attitudes Toward History.Kenneth Burke - 1937 - University of California Press.
    This book marks Kenneth Burke's breakthrough in criticism from the literary and aesthetic into social theory and the philosophy of history. In this volume we find Burke's first entry into what he calls his theory of Dramatism and here also is an important section on the nature of ritual.
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  26.  77
    The Functions of Law.Kenneth M. Ehrenberg - 2016 - Oxford University Press.
    What is the nature of law and what is the best way to discover it? This book argues that law is best understood in terms of the social functions it performs wherever it is found in human society. In order to support this claim, law is explained as a kind of institution and as a kind of artefact. To say that it is an institution is to say that it is designed for creating and conferring special statuses to people so (...)
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  27. A Thief of Peirce the Letters of Kenneth Laine Ketner and Walker Percy.Kenneth Laine Ketner & Walker Percy - 1995 - Univ. Press of Mississippi.
    Throughout his literary career Walker Percy read and studied the philosophical thought of Charles Sanders Peirce in an attempt to re-present in language the world as Percy knew it. Beginning in 1984 and ending in 1990, the year of his death, Percy corresponded with Kenneth Laine Ketner about the "semiotic" of Peirce. Their letters - honest, instructive, and often filled with down-home humor - record an epistolary friendship of two men both passionately interested in Peirce's theory of signs. This (...)
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  28. Art and Identity Politics: Nation, Religion, Ethnicity, Elsewhere Kenneth M. George.Kenneth M. George - 2007 - In Kathryn May Robinson (ed.), Asian and Pacific Cosmopolitans: Self and Subject in Motion. Palgrave-Macmillan. pp. 37.
  29. From Voluntary to Relational Action: Responsibility in Question Kenneth J. Gergen.Kenneth J. Gergen - 2007 - In Sabine Maasen & Barbara Sutter (eds.), On Willing Selves: Neoliberal Politics Vis-à-Vis the Neuroscientific Challenge. Plagrave Macmiilan. pp. 193.
     
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  30.  62
    Reflections on a Catalytic Companion Kenneth J. Gergen.Kenneth J. Gergen - 1990 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 20 (4):305–321.
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  31. Book Review: Communication Ethics and Global Change: A Book Review by Kenneth Goodman. [REVIEW]Kenneth Goodman - 1990 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 5 (1):66 – 69.
     
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  32. Gifts and Exchanges.Kenneth J. Arrow - 1972 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 1 (4):343-362.
  33. Locke, Arnauld, and Abstract Ideas.Kenneth L. Pearce - 2019 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 27 (1):75-94.
    A great deal of the criticism directed at Locke's theory of abstract ideas assumes that a Lockean abstract idea is a special kind of idea which by its very nature either represents many diverse particulars or represents separately things that cannot exist in separation. This interpretation of Locke has been challenged by scholars such as Kenneth Winkler and Michael Ayers who regard it as uncharitable in light of the obvious problems faced by this theory of abstraction. Winkler and Ayers (...)
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  34.  39
    Greek Popular Morality in the Time of Plato and Aristotle.Kenneth James Dover - 1974 - Hackett.
  35.  13
    Plato's Phaedo : An Interpretation.Kenneth Dorter - 1982 - University of Toronto Press, C1982.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: -/- [99] JOURNAL OF THE HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY 23:1 JANUARY 198 5 Book Reviews Kenneth Dorter. Plato's 'Phaedo': An Interpretation. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1982. Pp. xi + 233. $28.50. Kenneth Dorter of the University of Guelph has given us a useful and unusual study of the Phaedo, which will attract the interest of a variety of Plato's readers. He provides the careful studies of (...)
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  36. Reduction: The Cheshire Cat Problem and a Return to Roots.Kenneth F. Schaffner - 2006 - Synthese 151 (3):377-402.
    In this paper, I propose two theses, and then examine what the consequences of those theses are for discussions of reduction and emergence. The first thesis is that what have traditionally been seen as robust, reductions of one theory or one branch of science by another more fundamental one are a largely a myth. Although there are such reductions in the physical sciences, they are quite rare, and depend on special requirements. In the biological sciences, these prima facie sweeping reductions (...)
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  37.  41
    Defending Pluralism About Compositional Explanations.Kenneth Aizawa & Carl Gillett - 2019 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 78:101202.
    In the New Mechanist literature, most attention has focused on the compositional explanation of processes/activities of wholes by processes/activities of their parts. These are sometimes called “constitutive mechanistic explanations.” In this paper, we defend moving beyond this focus to a Pluralism about compositional explanation by highlighting two additional species of such explanations. We illuminate both Analytic compositional explanations that explain a whole using a compositional relation to its parts, and also Standing compositional explanations that explain a property of a whole (...)
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  38.  18
    An Activation-Verification Model for Letter and Word Recognition: The Word-Superiority Effect.Kenneth R. Paap, Sandra L. Newsome, James E. McDonald & Roger W. Schvaneveldt - 1982 - Psychological Review 89 (5):573-594.
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  39.  31
    Kenneth M. Boyd, MA, BD, Ph. D., is Senior Lecturer in Medical Ethics, Edinburgh University Medical School, Research Director of the Institute of Medical Ethics, and Associate Minister of the Church of St. John the Evangelist, Princes Street, Edinburgh, Scotland. [REVIEW]David A. Buehler, Paul Carrick, David DeGrazia, Alan M. Goldberg, Richard N. Hill, Kenneth V. Iserson & Andrew Jameton - 1999 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 8:6-7.
  40.  18
    Leadership as Phenomenon: Reassessing the Philosophical Ground of Leadership Studies.Kenneth W. Bohl - 2019 - Philosophy of Management 18 (3):273-292.
    The purpose of this article is to contribute to a more robust theory of leadership that shifts the frame of reference from leadership as exclusively facilitated through a single inspired leader to one that includes the view of leadership as an emergent and complex social phenomenon. The article begins with a review of the leader-centric approaches that dominated much of twentieth century leadership studies then moves on to present contemporary critiques of leader-centric approaches leading to an alternative perspective of leadership (...)
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  41.  82
    Theories, Models, and Equations in Biology: The Heuristic Search for Emergent Simplifications in Neurobiology.Kenneth Schaffner - 2008 - Philosophy of Science 75 (5):1008-1021.
    This article considers claims that biology should seek general theories similar to those found in physics but argues for an alternative framework for biological theories as collections of prototypical interlevel models that can be extrapolated by analogy to different organisms. This position is exemplified in the development of the Hodgkin‐Huxley giant squid model for action potentials, which uses equations in specialized ways. This model is viewed as an “emergent unifier.” Such unifiers, which require various simplifications, involve the types of heuristics (...)
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  42.  64
    Extended Sympathy and the Possibility of Social Choice.Kenneth J. Arrow - 1978 - Philosophia 7 (2):223-237.
  43. Sex, Breakfast, and Descriptus Interruptus.Kenneth A. Taylor - 2001 - Synthese 128 (1-2):45 - 61.
  44.  51
    Levels, Individual Variation and Massive Multiple Realization in Neurobiology.Kenneth Aizawa & Carl Gillett - 2009 - In John Bickle (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy and Neuroscience. Oxford University Press. pp. 539--582.
    Biologists seems to hold two fundamental beliefs: Organisms are organized into levels and the individuals at these levels differ in their properties. Together these suggest that there will be massive multiple realization, i.e. that many human psychological properties are multiply realized at many neurobiological levels. This paper provides some documentation in support of this suggestion.
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  45. In Defense of Reflective Equilibrium.Kenneth Walden - 2013 - Philosophical Studies 166 (2):243-256.
    Recent years have seen a rekindling of interest in the method of reflective equilibrium. Most of this attention has been suspicious, however. Critics have alleged that the method is nothing more than a high-minded brand of navel-gazing, that it suffers from all the classic problems of inward-looking coherence theories, and that it overestimates the usefulness of self-scrutiny. In this paper I argue that these criticisms miss their mark because they labor under crucial misconceptions about the method of reflective equilibrium. In (...)
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  46.  9
    Reference and the Rational Mind.Kenneth A. Taylor - 2003 - CSLI Publications.
    Referentialism has underappreciated consequences for our understanding of the ways in which mind, language, and world relate to one another. In exploring these consequences, this book defends a version of referentialism about names, demonstratives, and indexicals, in a manner appropriate for scholars and students in philosophy or the cognitive sciences. To demonstrate his view, Kenneth A. Taylor offers original and provocative accounts of a wide variety of semantic, pragmatic, and psychological phenomena, such as empty names, propositional attitude contexts, the (...)
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  47.  18
    Bilingual Advantages in Executive Functioning: Problems in Convergent Validity, Discriminant Validity, and the Identification of the Theoretical Constructs.Kenneth R. Paap - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
  48. Lateralization of Frontal Lobe Functions.K. Podell, M. Lovell & E. Goldberg - 2001 - In S. Salloway, P. Malloy & J. Duffy (eds.), The Frontal Lobes and Neuropsychiatric Illness. American Psychiatric Press. pp. 83--100.
     
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  49.  16
    Modeling Hippocampal and Neocortical Contributions to Recognition Memory: A Complementary-Learning-Systems Approach.Kenneth A. Norman & Randall C. O'Reilly - 2003 - Psychological Review 110 (4):611-646.
  50.  12
    Probabilistic Functioning and the Clinical Method.Kenneth R. Hammond - 1955 - Psychological Review 62 (4):255-262.
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