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Kenneth Williford [35]Kenneth Wayne Williford [1]
  1. Self-Representational Approaches to Consciousness.Uriah Kriegel & Kenneth Williford (eds.) - 2006 - MIT Press.
    Leading theorists examine the self-representational theory of consciousness as an alternative to the two dominant reductive theories of consciousness, the ..
  2.  92
    The integrated information theory of consciousness: A case of mistaken identity.Bjorn Merker, Kenneth Williford & David Rudrauf - 2022 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 45:e41.
    Giulio Tononi's integrated information theory (IIT) proposes explaining consciousness by directly identifying it with integrated information. We examine the construct validity of IIT's measure of consciousness,phi(Φ), by analyzing its formal properties, its relation to key aspects of consciousness, and its co-variation with relevant empirical circumstances. Our analysis shows that IIT's identification of consciousness with the causal efficacy with which differentiated networks accomplish global information transfer (which is what Φ in fact measures) is mistaken. This misidentification has the consequence of requiring (...)
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  3.  70
    The Projective Consciousness Model and Phenomenal Selfhood.Kenneth Williford, Daniel Bennequin, Karl Friston & David Rudrauf - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
  4. Husserl’s hyletic data and phenomenal consciousness.Kenneth Williford - 2013 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 12 (3):501-519.
    In the Logical Investigations, Ideas I and many other texts, Husserl maintains that perceptual consciousness involves the intentional “animation” or interpretation of sensory data or hyle, e.g., “color-data,” “tone-data,” and algedonic data. These data are not intrinsically representational nor are they normally themselves objects of representation, though we can attend to them in reflection. These data are “immanent” in consciousness; they survive the phenomenological reduction. They partly ground the intuitive or “in-the-flesh” aspect of perception, and they have a determinacy of (...)
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  5.  44
    Self-Acquaintance and Three Regress Arguments.Kenneth Williford - 2019 - ProtoSociology 36:368-412.
    The three classic regress problems (the Extensive Regress of states, the Intensive Regress of contents, and the Fichte-Henrich-Shoemaker Regress of de se beliefs) related to the Self-Awareness Thesis (that one’s conscious states are the ones that one is aware of being in) can all be elegantly resolved by a self-acquaintance postulate. This resolution, however, entails that consciousness has an irreducibly circular structure and that self-acquaintance should not be conceived of in terms of an independent entity bearing an external or mediated (...)
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  6. The self-representational structure of consciousness.Kenneth Williford - 2006 - In Uriah Kriegel & Kenneth Williford (eds.), Self-Representational Approaches to Consciousness. MIT Press.
  7.  70
    Self-representational Approaches to Consciousness.Kriegel Uriah & Kenneth Williford (eds.) - 2006 - Bradford.
    Leading theorists examine the self-representational theory of consciousness as an alternative to the two dominant reductive theories of consciousness, the representational theory of consciousness and the higher-order monitoring theory. In this pioneering collection of essays, leading theorists examine the self-representational theory of consciousness, which holds that consciousness always involves some form of self-awareness. The self-representational theory of consciousness stands as an alternative to the two dominant reductive theories of consciousness, the representational theory of consciousness and the higher-order monitoring theory, combining (...)
  8. Millikan and her critics.Dan Ryder, Justine Kingsbury & Kenneth Williford (eds.) - 2013 - Malden, MA: Wiley.
    Millikan and Her Critics offers a unique critical discussion of Ruth Millikan's highly regarded, influential, and systematic contributions to philosophy of mind and language, philosophy of biology, epistemology, and metaphysics. These newly written contributions present discussion from some of the most important philosophers in the field today and include replies from Millikan herself.
  9.  15
    Introduction.Marc Borner, Manfred Frank & Kenneth Williford - 2019 - ProtoSociology 36:7-33.
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  10.  20
    Unlimited associative learning and the origins of consciousness: the missing point of view.David Rudrauf & Kenneth Williford - 2021 - Biology and Philosophy 36 (5):1-4.
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  11.  38
    The integrated information theory of consciousness: Unmasked and identified.Bjorn Merker, Kenneth Williford & David Rudrauf - 2022 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 45.
    In our response to a truly diverse set of commentaries, we first summarize the principal topical themes around which they cluster, then address two “outlier” positions. Next, we address ways in which commentaries by non-integrated information theory authors engage with the specifics of our IIT critique, turning finally to the four commentaries by IIT authors.
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  12. Pre-reflective self-consciousness and the autobiographical ego.Kenneth Williford - 2010 - In Jonathan Webber (ed.), Reading Sartre: On Phenomenology and Existentialism. Routledge.
  13. Zahavi versus Brentano: A rejoinder.Kenneth Williford - 2006 - PSYCHE: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Research On Consciousness 12.
    Dan Zahavi has argued persuasively that some versions of self- representationalism are implausible on phenomenological and dialectical grounds: they fail to make sense of primitive self-knowledge and lead to an infinite regress. Zahavi proposes an alternative view of ubiquitous prereflective self-consciousness.
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  14.  53
    A Brief on Husserl and Bayesian Perceptual Updating.Kenneth Williford - 2017 - Axiomathes 27 (5):503-519.
    I aim to provide some evidence that Husserl’s description of perceptual updating actually fits very nicely into the Bayesian Brain paradigm, articulated by Karl Friston and others, and that that paradigm, in turn, can be taken as an excellent example of “Neurophenomenology”. The apparently un-phenomenological Helmholtzian component of the Bayesian Brain paradigm, according to which what one consciously seems to see is a product of unconscious causal reasoning to the best explanation of one’s sensory stimulations, can be finessed, I claim, (...)
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  15.  68
    Against Neo-Cartesianism: Neurofunctional Resilience and Animal Pain.Phil Halper, Kenneth Williford, David Rudrauf & Perry N. Fuchs - 2021 - Philosophical Psychology 34 (4):474-501.
    Several influential philosophers and scientists have advanced a framework, often called Neo-Cartesianism (NC), according to which animal suffering is merely apparent. Drawing upon contemporary neuroscience and philosophy of mind, Neo-Cartesians challenge the mainstream position we shall call Evolutionary Continuity (EC), the view that humans are on a nonhierarchical continuum with other species and are thus not likely to be unique in consciously experiencing negative pain affect. We argue that some Neo-Cartesians have misconstrued the underlying science or tendentiously appropriated controversial views (...)
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  16. Berkeley's theory of meaning in alciphron VII.Kenneth Williford & Roomet Jakapi - 2009 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 17 (1):99 – 118.
  17.  96
    Berkeley's theory of operative language in the manuscript introduction.Kenneth Williford - 2003 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 11 (2):271 – 301.
    (2003). Berkeley's theory of operative language in the Manuscript Introduction. British Journal for the History of Philosophy: Vol. 11, No. 2, pp. 271-301. doi: 10.1080/09608780320001047877.
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  18. The logic of phenomenal transparency.Kenneth Williford - 2007 - Soochow Journal of Philosophical Studies 2007 (16):181-195.
    This paper explores the logical consequences of the the thesis that all of the essential properties of consciousness can be known introspectively (Completeness, called "Strong Transparency" in the paper, following D.M. Armstrong's older terminology). It is argued that it can be known introspectively that consciousness does not have complete access to its essential properties; and it is show how this undermines conceivability arguments for dualism.
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  19.  13
    The Paradoxes of Subjectivity and the Projective Structure of Consciousness.Kenneth Williford, David Rudrauf & Gregory Landini - 2012 - In Sofia Miguens & Gerhard Preyer (eds.), Consciousness and Subjectivity. [Place of publication not identified]: Ontos Verlag. pp. 321-354.
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  20. The intentionality of consciousness and consciousness of intentionality.Kenneth Williford - 2005 - In G Forrai (ed.), Intentionality: Past and Future. Amsterdam/New York: Rodopi.
    Some philosophers think that intentionality is ontologically distinct from phenomenal consciousness; call this the Thesis of Separation. Terence Horgan and John Tienson (2002, p. 520) call this.
     
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  21. Senses of Self: Approaches to Pre-Reflective Self-Awareness.Marc Borner, Manfred Frank & Kenneth Williford (eds.) - 2019
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  22.  71
    Neo-Cartesianism and the expanded problem of animal suffering.Phil Halper, Kenneth Williford, David Rudrauf & Perry N. Fuchs - 2023 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 94 (2):177-198.
    Several well-known theodicies, whatever their merits, seem to make little sense of animal suffering. Here we argue that the problem of animal suffering has more layers than has generally been acknowledged in the literature and thus poses an even greater challenge to traditional Judeo-Christian Theism than is normally thought. However, the Neo-Cartesian (NC) defence would succeed in defanging this Expanded Problem of Animal Suffering. Several contemporary philosophers have suggested that recent evidence either supports the NC view or at least should (...)
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  23.  5
    Introduction.Dan Ryder, Justine Kingsbury & Kenneth Williford - 2013 - In Dan Ryder, Justine Kingsbury & Kenneth Williford (eds.), Millikan and her critics. Malden, MA: Wiley. pp. 1–20.
    This chapter contains section titles: Proper Functions Representations: The Basic Teleosemantic Framework Concepts Externalism, Language, and Meaning Rationalism.
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  24.  76
    Pre-Reflective Self-Consciousness & Projective Geometry.Kenneth Williford, Daniel Bennequin & David Rudrauf - 2022 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 13 (2):365-396.
    We argue that the projective geometrical component of the Projective Consciousness Model can account for key aspects of pre-reflective self-consciousness and can relate PRSC intelligibly to another signal feature of subjectivity: perspectival character or point of view. We illustrate how the projective geometrical versions of the concepts of duality, reciprocity, polarity, closedness, closure, and unboundedness answer to salient aspects of the phenomenology of PRSC. We thus show that the same mathematics that accounts for the statics and dynamics of perspectival character (...)
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  25. The Structure of Self-Consciousness: A Phenomenological and Philosophical Investigation.Kenneth Wayne Williford - 2003 - Dissertation, The University of Iowa
    In this dissertation, the author articulates and defends a version of the historically important view that all consciousness involves self-consciousness. In Chapter 1, the author defends a certain conception of the role of phenomenology in the theory of consciousness. The author argues that any theory of consciousness must account for the properties that phenomenology reveals consciousness to have. The most important properties in this regard are structural: temporality, synchronic unity, and self-referentiality. It is argued that these properties can be given (...)
     
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  26. Moore, the diaphanousness of consciousness, and physicalism.Kenneth Williford - 2004 - Metaphysica 5 (2):133-50.
    I discuss the main features of Moore’s characterization of consciousness in his well-known 1903 “The Refutation of Idealism” and his little-known 1910 “The Subject-Matter of Psychology.” The presentation is somewhere between an expository exercise in the history of analytical ontology and a philosophical engagement with Moore’s interesting claims. Among other things, I argue that Moore’s famous thesis of the “diaphanousness” of consciousness cannot, contrary to Moore’s own claims, be used to undermine physicalism but in fact can be used to undercut (...)
     
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  27. Consciousness and Self-Reference.Uriah Kriegel & Kenneth Williford (eds.) - 2006 - MIT Press.
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  28. Demea's a priori Theistic Proof.Kenneth Williford - 2003 - Hume Studies 29 (1):99-123.
    Hume's examination of the causal maxim in 1.3.3 of A Treatise of Human Nature can be considered, at least in part, a thinly veiled critique of the cosmological argument, attacking as it does the privileged status of the principle upon which that proof rests. As well, Hume's remarks on the impossibility of demonstrating matters of fact a priori in Part 3 of Section 12 of An Enquiry concerning Human Understanding clearly strike at the heart of the ontological argument, even if (...)
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  29.  17
    Hume's Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion: A Philosophical Apparaisal.Kenneth Williford (ed.) - 2023 - Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge.
    David Hume's Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion is a philosophical and literary classic of the highest order. It is also an extremely relevant work because of its engagement with issues as alive today as in Hume's time: the design argument for a deity, the problem of evil, the dangers of superstition and fanaticism, the psychological roots and social consequences of religion. In this outstanding and unorthodox collection, an international team of scholars engage with Hume's classic work. The chapters include state-of-the-art contributions (...)
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  30.  10
    Introduction.Kenneth Williford & Gloria Zúñiga Y. Postigo - 2017 - Axiomathes 27 (5):437-441.
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  31.  11
    Sartre.Kenneth Williford - 2019 - Routledge.
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  32.  12
    Introduction.Gloria Zúñiga Y. Postigo & Kenneth Williford - 2017 - Axiomathes 27 (5):437-441.
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  33.  57
    Book review: The feeling of what happens: Body and emotion in the making of consciousnerss. [REVIEW]Kenneth Williford - 2004 - Minds and Machines 14 (3):391-431.
  34. I Am a Strange Loop. [REVIEW]Kenneth Williford - 2011 - Philosophical Psychology 24 (6):861-865.
    Philosophical Psychology, Volume 0, Issue 0, Page 1-5, Ahead of Print.
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  35.  55
    Neural Correlates of Consciousness: Empirical and Conceptual Questions: Thomas Metzinger ; Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Press, 2000, x + 350 pp., $52.00 , ISBN 0-262-13370-9. [REVIEW]Kenneth Williford - 2005 - Minds and Machines 15 (1):106-112.
  36.  47
    What Makes Us Think?: A Neuroscientist and a Philosopher Argue about Ethics, Human Nature, and the Brain: Jean-Pierre Changeux and Paul Ricoeur, translated by M. B. DeBevoise, Princeton and Oxford: Princeton University Press, 2000, x+335 pp., $29.95 , ISBN 0-691-00940-6. [REVIEW]Kenneth Williford - 2005 - Minds and Machines 15 (1):91-97.