26 found
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  1.  26
    Compression and Communication in the Cultural Evolution of Linguistic Structure.Simon Kirby, Monica Tamariz, Hannah Cornish & Kenny Smith - 2015 - Cognition 141:87-102.
  2.  1
    Non‐Adjacent Dependency Learning in Humans and Other Animals.Benjamin Wilson, Michelle Spierings, Andrea Ravignani, Jutta L. Mueller, Toben H. Mintz, Frank Wijnen, Anne Kant, Kenny Smith & Arnaud Rey - 2020 - Topics in Cognitive Science 12 (3):843-858.
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  3.  16
    Eliminating Unpredictable Variation Through Iterated Learning.Kenny Smith & Elizabeth Wonnacott - 2010 - Cognition 116 (3):444-449.
  4.  59
    Cross-Situational Learning: An Experimental Study of Word-Learning Mechanisms.Kenny Smith, Andrew D. M. Smith & Richard A. Blythe - 2011 - Cognitive Science 35 (3):480-498.
    Cross-situational learning is a mechanism for learning the meaning of words across multiple exposures, despite exposure-by-exposure uncertainty as to the word's true meaning. We present experimental evidence showing that humans learn words effectively using cross-situational learning, even at high levels of referential uncertainty. Both overall success rates and the time taken to learn words are affected by the degree of referential uncertainty, with greater referential uncertainty leading to less reliable, slower learning. Words are also learned less successfully and more slowly (...)
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  5.  13
    Contextual Predictability Shapes Signal Autonomy.James Winters, Simon Kirby & Kenny Smith - 2018 - Cognition 176:15-30.
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  6.  12
    Minimal Requirements for the Emergence of Learned Signaling.Matthew Spike, Kevin Stadler, Simon Kirby & Kenny Smith - 2016 - Cognitive Science 40 (7):623-658.
    The emergence of signaling systems has been observed in numerous experimental and real-world contexts, but there is no consensus on which shared mechanisms underlie such phenomena. A number of explanatory mechanisms have been proposed within several disciplines, all of which have been instantiated as credible working models. However, they are usually framed as being mutually incompatible. Using an exemplar-based framework, we replicate these models in a minimal configuration which allows us to directly compare them. This reveals that the development of (...)
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  7.  16
    Non‐Adjacent Dependency Learning in Humans and Other Animals.Benjamin Wilson, Michelle Spierings, Andrea Ravignani, Jutta L. Mueller, Toben H. Mintz, Frank Wijnen, Anne van der Kant, Kenny Smith & Arnaud Rey - 2018 - Topics in Cognitive Science (3):843-858.
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  8.  7
    How Culture and Biology Interact to Shape Language and the Language Faculty.Kenny Smith - 2018 - Topics in Cognitive Science 12 (2):690-712.
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  9.  19
    Word Meanings Evolve to Selectively Preserve Distinctions on Salient Dimensions.Catriona Silvey, Simon Kirby & Kenny Smith - 2015 - Cognitive Science 39 (1):212-226.
    Words refer to objects in the world, but this correspondence is not one-to-one: Each word has a range of referents that share features on some dimensions but differ on others. This property of language is called underspecification. Parts of the lexicon have characteristic patterns of underspecification; for example, artifact nouns tend to specify shape, but not color, whereas substance nouns specify material but not shape. These regularities in the lexicon enable learners to generalize new words appropriately. How does the lexicon (...)
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  10.  12
    Adult Learning and Language Simplification.Mark Atkinson, Kenny Smith & Simon Kirby - 2018 - Cognitive Science 42 (8):2818-2854.
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  11.  32
    Learning Times for Large Lexicons Through Cross‐Situational Learning.Richard A. Blythe, Kenny Smith & Andrew D. M. Smith - 2010 - Cognitive Science 34 (4):620-642.
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  12.  8
    Word Learning Under Infinite Uncertainty.Richard A. Blythe, Andrew D. M. Smith & Kenny Smith - 2016 - Cognition 151:18-27.
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  13.  17
    Zipf’s Law of Abbreviation and the Principle of Least Effort: Language Users Optimise a Miniature Lexicon for Efficient Communication.Jasmeen Kanwal, Kenny Smith, Jennifer Culbertson & Simon Kirby - 2017 - Cognition 165:45-52.
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  14. Reconsidering Human Cross-Situational Learning Capacities: A Revision to Yu & Smith's (2007) Experimental Paradigm.Kenny Smith - 2009 - In N. A. Taatgen & H. van Rijn (eds.), Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. pp. 2711--2716.
     
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  15.  3
    A computational model of the cultural co-evolution of language and mindreading.Marieke Woensdregt, Chris Cummins & Kenny Smith - forthcoming - Synthese:1-39.
    Several evolutionary accounts of human social cognition posit that language has co-evolved with the sophisticated mindreading abilities of modern humans. It has also been argued that these mindreading abilities are the product of cultural, rather than biological, evolution. Taken together, these claims suggest that the evolution of language has played an important role in the cultural evolution of human social cognition. Here we present a new computational model which formalises the assumptions that underlie this hypothesis, in order to explore how (...)
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  16. Iterated Learning in Populations of Bayesian Agents.Kenny Smith - 2009 - In N. A. Taatgen & H. van Rijn (eds.), Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. pp. 697--702.
     
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  17.  20
    Is a Holistic Protolanguage a Plausible Precursor to Language? A Test Case for a Modern Evolutionary Linguistics.Kenny Smith - 2008 - Interaction Studies 9 (1):1-17.
  18.  12
    Is a Holistic Protolanguage a Plausible Precursor to Language?: A Test Case for a Modern Evolutionary Linguistics.Kenny Smith - 2008 - Interaction Studies: Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systems 9 (1):1-17.
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  19.  12
    Introduction. Cultural Transmission and the Evolution of Human Behaviour.Kenny Smith, Michael Kalish, Thomas Griffiths & Stephan Lewandowsky - unknown
    The articles in this theme issue seek to understand the evolutionary bases of social learning and the consequences of cultural transmission for the evolution of human behaviour. In this introductory article, we provide a summary of these articles and a personal view of some promising lines of development suggested by the work summarized here.
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  20.  25
    Context and Perceptual Salience Influence the Formation of Novel Stereotypes Via Cumulative Cultural Evolution.Jacqui Hutchison, Sheila J. Cunningham, Gillian Slessor, James Urquhart, Kenny Smith & Douglas Martin - 2018 - Cognitive Science 42 (S1):186-212.
    We use a transmission chain method to establish how context and category salience influence the formation of novel stereotypes through cumulative cultural evolution. We created novel alien targets by combining features from three category dimensions—color, movement, and shape—thereby creating social targets that were individually unique but that also shared category membership with other aliens. At the start of the transmission chains each alien was randomly assigned attributes that described it. Participants were given training on the alien-attribute assignments and were then (...)
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  21.  7
    Evolving Artificial Sign Languages in the Lab: From Improvised Gesture to Systematic Sign.Yasamin Motamedi, Marieke Schouwstra, Kenny Smith, Jennifer Culbertson & Simon Kirby - 2019 - Cognition 192:103964.
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  22.  5
    Interaction Promotes the Adaptation of Referential Conventions to the Communicative Context.Lucía Castillo, Kenny Smith & Holly P. Branigan - 2019 - Cognitive Science 43 (8).
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  23.  1
    Simplicity and Informativeness in Semantic Category Systems.Jon W. Carr, Kenny Smith, Jennifer Culbertson & Simon Kirby - 2020 - Cognition 202:104289.
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  24.  8
    The Cognitive Roots of Regularization in Language.Vanessa Ferdinand, Simon Kirby & Kenny Smith - 2019 - Cognition 184:53-68.
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  25.  18
    The Brain Plus the Cultural Transmission Mechanism Determine the Nature of Language.Kenny Smith, Simon Kirby & Andrew D. M. Smith - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (5):533-534.
    We agree that language adapts to the brain, but we note that language also has to adapt to brain-external constraints, such as those arising from properties of the cultural transmission medium. The hypothesis that Christiansen & Chater (C&C) raise in the target article not only has profound consequences for our understanding of language, but also for our understanding of the biological evolution of the language faculty.
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  26. Is a Holistic Protolanguage a Plausible Precursor to Language?Kenny Smith - 2008 - Interaction Studies. Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies / Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies 9 (1):1-17.
    If protolanguage was a holistic system where complex meanings were conveyed using unanalysed forms, there must be some process which delivered up the elements of modern language from this system. This paper draws on evidence from computational modelling, developmental and historical linguistics and comparative psychology to evaluate the plausibility of the analysis process. While some of the criticisms levelled at analysis can be refuted using such evidence, several areas are highlighted where further evidence is required to decide key issues. More (...)
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