23 found
Order:
Disambiguations
Kent W. Staley [24]Kent Wade Staley [1]
See also
Kent Staley
Saint Louis University
  1. Robust Evidence and Secure Evidence Claims.Kent W. Staley - 2004 - Philosophy of Science 71 (4):467-488.
    Many philosophers have claimed that evidence for a theory is better when multiple independent tests yield the same result, i.e., when experimental results are robust. Little has been said about the grounds on which such a claim rests, however. The present essay presents an analysis of the evidential value of robustness that rests on the fallibility of assumptions about the reliability of testing procedures and a distinction between the strength of evidence and the security of an evidence claim. Robustness can (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   40 citations  
  2.  4
    The Evidence for the Top Quark: Objectivity and Bias in Collaborative Experimentation.Kent W. Staley - 2004 - Cambridge University Press.
    The Evidence for the Top Quark offers both a historical and philosophical perspective on an important recent discovery in particle physics: evidence for the elementary particle known as the top quark. Drawing on published reports, oral histories, and internal documents from the large collaboration that performed the experiment, Kent Staley explores in detail the controversies and politics that surrounded this major scientific result. At the same time the book seeks to defend an objective theory of scientific evidence based on error (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   17 citations  
  3.  42
    Securing the Empirical Value of Measurement Results.Kent W. Staley - 2020 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 71 (1):87-113.
    Reports of quantitative experimental results often distinguish between the statistical uncertainty and the systematic uncertainty that characterize measurement outcomes. This article discusses the practice of estimating systematic uncertainty in high-energy physics. The estimation of systematic uncertainty in HEP should be understood as a minimal form of quantitative robustness analysis. The secure evidence framework is used to explain the epistemic significance of robustness analysis. However, the empirical value of a measurement result depends crucially not only on the resulting systematic uncertainty estimate, (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  4. Evidential Collaborations: Epistemic and Pragmatic Considerations in "Group Belief".Kent W. Staley - 2007 - Social Epistemology 21 (3):321 – 335.
    This paper examines the role of evidential considerations in relation to pragmatic concerns in statements of group belief, focusing on scientific collaborations that are constituted in part by the aim of evaluating the evidence for scientific claims (evidential collaborations). Drawing upon a case study in high energy particle physics, I seek to show how pragmatic factors that enter into the decision to issue a group statement contribute positively to the epistemic functioning of such groups, contrary to the implications of much (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   14 citations  
  5. What Experiment Did We Just Do? Counterfactual Error Statistics and Uncertainties About the Reference Class.Kent W. Staley - 2002 - Philosophy of Science 69 (2):279-299.
    Experimenters sometimes insist that it is unwise to examine data before determining how to analyze them, as it creates the potential for biased results. I explore the rationale behind this methodological guideline from the standpoint of an error statistical theory of evidence, and I discuss a method of evaluating evidence in some contexts when this predesignation rule has been violated. I illustrate the problem of potential bias, and the method by which it may be addressed, with an example from the (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  6.  79
    Strategies for Securing Evidence Through Model Criticism.Kent W. Staley - 2012 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 2 (1):21-43.
    Some accounts of evidence regard it as an objective relationship holding between data and hypotheses, perhaps mediated by a testing procedure. Mayo’s error-statistical theory of evidence is an example of such an approach. Such a view leaves open the question of when an epistemic agent is justified in drawing an inference from such data to a hypothesis. Using Mayo’s account as an illustration, I propose a framework for addressing the justification question via a relativized notion, which I designate security , (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  7. Agency and Objectivity in the Search for the Top Qjjark.Kent W. Staley - 2005 - In P. Achinstein (ed.), Scientific Evidence: Philosophical Theories & Applications. The Johns Hopkins University Press.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  8.  47
    Golden Events and Statistics: What's Wrong with Galison's Image/Logic Distinction?Kent W. Staley - 1999 - Perspectives on Science 7 (2):196-230.
    : Peter Galison has recently claimed that twentieth-century microphysics has been pursued by two distinct experimental traditions--the image tradition and the logic tradition--that have only recently merged into a hybrid tradition. According to Galison, the two traditions employ fundamentally different forms of experimental argument, with the logic tradition using statistical arguments, while the image tradition strives for non-statistical demonstrations based on compelling ("golden") single events. I show that discoveries in both traditions have employed the same statistical form of argument, even (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  9.  60
    Evidence and Justification in Groups with Conflicting Background Beliefs.Kent W. Staley - 2010 - Episteme 7 (3):232-247.
    Some prominent accounts of scientific evidence treat evidence as an unrelativized concept. But whether belief in a hypothesis is justified seems relative to the epistemic situation of the believer. The issue becomes yet more complicated in the context of group epistemic agents, for then one confronts the problem of relativizing to an epistemic situation that may include conflicting beliefs. As a step toward resolution of these difficulties, an ideal of justification is here proposed that incorporates both an unrelativized evidence requirement (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  10.  7
    Novelty, Severity, and History in the Testing of Hypotheses: The Case of the Top Quark.Kent W. Staley - 1996 - Philosophy of Science 63 (5):S248-S255.
    It is sometimes held that facts confirm a hypothesis only if they were not used in the construction of that hypothesis. This requirement of "use novelty" introduces a historical aspect into the assessment of evidence claims. I examine a methodological principle invoked by physicists in the experimental search for the top quark that bears a striking resemblance to this view. However, this principle is better understood, both historically and philosophically, in terms of the need to conduct a severe test than (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  11.  29
    Novelty, Severity, and History in the Testing of Hypotheses: The Case of the Top Quark.Kent W. Staley - 1996 - Philosophy of Science 63 (3):255.
    It is sometimes held that facts confirm a hypothesis only if they were not used in the construction of that hypothesis. This requirement of "use novelty" introduces a historical aspect into the assessment of evidence claims. I examine a methodological principle invoked by physicists in the experimental search for the top quark that bears a striking resemblance to this view. However, this principle is better understood, both historically and philosophically, in terms of the need to conduct a severe test than (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  12. 10. Interpreting Quantum Field Theory Interpreting Quantum Field Theory (Pp. 348-378).Michael Friedman, Robert DiSalle, J. D. Trout, Shaun Nichols, Maralee Harrell, Clark Glymour, Carl G. Wagner, Kent W. Staley, Jesús P. Zamora Bonilla & Frederick M. Kronz - 2002 - Philosophy of Science 69 (2).
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  13.  41
    Objective Evidence and Rules of Strategy: Achinstein on Method: Peter Achinstein: Evidence and Method: Scientific Strategies of Isaac Newton and James Clerk Maxwell. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2013, 177pp, $24.95 HB.William L. Harper, Kent W. Staley, Henk W. de Regt & Peter Achinstein - 2014 - Metascience 23 (3):413-442.
  14.  25
    (Almost) All About Error.Kent W. Staley - 2012 - Metascience 21 (3):709-713.
    (Almost) All about error Content Type Journal Article Category Book Review Pages 1-5 DOI 10.1007/s11016-011-9618-1 Authors Kent W. Staley, Department of Philosophy, Saint Louis University, 3800 Lindell Blvd., St. Louis, MO 63108, USA Journal Metascience Online ISSN 1467-9981 Print ISSN 0815-0796.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  15.  4
    Allan Franklin, No Easy Answers: Science and the Pursuit of Knowledge. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 2005. Pp. Xii+258. $29.95. [REVIEW]Kent W. Staley - 2007 - British Journal for the History of Science 40 (3):455.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  16. An Introduction to the Philosophy of Science.Kent W. Staley - 2014 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book guides readers by gradual steps through the central concepts and debates in the philosophy of science. Using concrete examples from the history of science, Kent W. Staley shows how seemingly abstract philosophical issues are relevant to important aspects of scientific practice. Structured in two parts, the book first tackles the central concepts of the philosophy of science, such as the problem of induction, falsificationism, and underdetermination, and important figures and movements, such as the logical empiricists, Thomas Kuhn, and (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  17.  16
    A Reasonable Defence of Experimental Physics.Kent W. Staley - 2004 - Metascience 13 (1):75-78.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  18.  22
    Comments on William Harper’s “ISaac Newton’s Scientific Method”.Kent W. Staley - 2010 - Modern Schoolman 87 (3/4):303-313.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  19. Dirac's “Fine-Tuning Problem”: A Constructive Use of Anachronism?Kent W. Staley - 2012 - Perspectives on Science 20 (4):476-503.
  20.  13
    Peter Achinstein. Evidence and Method: Scientific Strategies of Isaac Newton and James Clerk Maxwell. Xv + 177 Pp., Index. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013. $24.95. [REVIEW]Kent W. Staley - 2014 - Isis 105 (3):672-673.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  21.  19
    Special Editor’s Introduction to Experimental and Theoretical Knowledge.Kent W. Staley - 2010 - Modern Schoolman 87 (3/4):185-189.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  22. Securing Reliable Evidence.Kent W. Staley - unknown
    : Evidence claims depend on fallible assumptions. Three strategies for making true evidence claims in spite of this fallibility are strengthening the support for those assumptions, weakening conclusions, and using multiple independent tests to produce robust evidence. Reliability itself, understood in frequentist terms, does not explain the usefulness of all three strategies; robustness, in particular, sometimes functions in a way that is not well-characterized in terms of reliability. I argue that, in addition to reliability, the security of evidence claims is (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  23. 10. Selection, Drift, and the “Forces” of Evolution Selection, Drift, and the “Forces” of Evolution (Pp. 550-570).Paul Teller, Stefano Gattei, Kent W. Staley, Eric Winsberg, James Hawthorne, Branden Fitelson, Patrick Maher, Peter Achinstein & Mathias Frisch - 2004 - Philosophy of Science 71 (4).