Results for 'Keren Orchen'

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  1. Is This Problem Likely to Be Solved? A Cognitive Schema of Effective Problem Solving.Raanan Lipshitz, Daphna Leshem Levy & Keren Orchen - 2006 - Thinking and Reasoning 12 (4):413 – 430.
    The present study tested the existence of a cognitive schema that guides people's evaluations of the likelihood that observed problem-solving processes will succeed. The hypothesised schema consisted of attributes that were found to distinguish between retrospective case reports of successful and unsuccessful real world problem solving (Lipshitz & Bar Ilan, 1996). Participants were asked to evaluate the likelihood of success of identical cases of problem solving that differed in the presence or absence of diagnosis, the selection of appropriate or inappropriate (...)
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  2. Trust and Belief: A Preemptive Reasons Account.Arnon Keren - 2014 - Synthese 191 (12):2593-2615.
    According to doxastic accounts of trust, trusting a person to \(\varPhi \) involves, among other things, holding a belief about the trusted person: either the belief that the trusted person is trustworthy or the belief that she actually will \(\varPhi \) . In recent years, several philosophers have argued against doxastic accounts of trust. They have claimed that the phenomenology of trust suggests that rather than such a belief, trust involves some kind of non-doxastic mental attitude towards the trusted person, (...)
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  3.  53
    Disagreement, Democracy, and the Goals of Science: Is a Normative Philosophy of Science Possible, If Ethical Inquiry Is Not?Arnon Keren - 2011 - Philosophy 86 (4):525-544.
    W.V.Quine and Philip Kitcher have both developed naturalistic approaches to the philosophy of science which are partially based on a skeptical view about the possibility of rational inquiry into certain questions of value. Nonetheless, both Quine and Kitcher do not wish to give up on the normative dimension of the philosophy of science. I argue that Kitcher's recent argument against the specification of the goal of science in terms of truth raises a problem for Quine's account of the normative dimensions (...)
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  4. Kitcher on Well-Ordered Science: Should Science Be Measured Against the Outcomes of Ideal Democratic Deliberation?Arnon Keren - 2013 - Theoria : An International Journal for Theory, History and Fundations of Science 28 (2):233-244.
    What should the goals of scientific inquiry be? What questions should scientists investigate, and how should our resources be distributed between different lines of investigation? Philip Kitcher has suggested that we should answer these questions by appealing to an ideal based on the consideration of hypothetical democratic deliberations under ideal circumstances. The paper argues that we have no reason to adopt this ideal. The paper examines both traditional arguments for democracy and Kitcher's own reasons for adopting this ideal, as presented (...)
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  5.  24
    The Public Understanding of What? Laypersons' Epistemic Needs, the Division of Cognitive Labor, and the Demarcation of Science.Arnon Keren - 2018 - Philosophy of Science (5):781-792.
    What must laypersons understand about science to allow them to make sound decisions on science-related issues? Relying on recent developments in social epistemology, this paper argues that scientific education should have the goal not of bringing laypersons' understanding of science closer to that of expert insiders, but rather of cultivating the kind of competence characteristic of “competent outsiders” (Feinstein 2011). Moreover, it argues that philosophers of science have an important role to play in attempts to promote this kind of understanding, (...)
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  6. Epistemic Authority, Testimony and the Transmission of Knowledge†.Arnon Keren - 2007 - Episteme 4 (3):368-381.
    I present an account of what it is to trust a speaker, and argue that the account can explain the common intuitions which structure the debate about the transmission view of testimony. According to the suggested account, to trust a speaker is to grant her epistemic authority on the asserted proposition, and hence to see her opinion as issuing a second order, preemptive reason for believing the proposition. The account explains the intuitive appeal of the basic principle associated with the (...)
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  7. Zagzebski on Authority and Preemption in the Domain of Belief.Arnon Keren - 2014 - European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 6 (4):61-76.
    The paper discusses Linda Zagzebski's account of epistemic authority. Building on Joseph Raz's account of political authority, Zagzebski argues that the basic contours of epistemic authority match those Raz ascribes to political authority. This, it is argued, is a mistake. Zagzebski is correct in identifying the pre-emptive nature of reasons provided by an authority as central to our understanding of epistemic authority. However, Zagzebski ignores important differences between practical and epistemic authority. As a result, her attempt to explain the rationality (...)
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  8.  11
    Surprises: Low Probabilities or High Contrasts?Karl Halvor Teigen & Gideon Keren - 2003 - Cognition 87 (2):55-71.
  9. On the Alleged Perversity of the Evidential View of Testimony.Arnon Keren - 2012 - Analysis 72 (4):700-707.
    According to the evidential view of testimony (EVT), the epistemic value of testimony is its value as evidence. Richard Moran has argued that because testimony is deliberately produced with the intention of making audiences form a belief, its value as evidence for the attested proposition is diminished; as a result, EVT cannot explain why we regard testimony as such a significant source of knowledge. I argue that this argument against EVT fails, because there is no reason to think that the (...)
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  10.  9
    On the Difficulties Underlying Bayesian Reasoning: A Comment on Gigerenzer and Hoffrage.Charles Lewis & Gideon Keren - 1999 - Psychological Review 106 (2):411-416.
  11. Science and Informed, Counterfactual, Democratic Consent.Arnon Keren - 2015 - Philosophy of Science 82 (5):1284-1295.
    On many science-related policy questions, the public is unable to make informed decisions, because of its inability to make use of knowledge obtained by scientists. Philip Kitcher and James Fishkin have both suggested therefore that on certain science-related issues, public policy should not be decided on by actual democratic vote, but should instead conform to the public’s counterfactual informed democratic decision. Indeed, this suggestion underlies Kitcher’s specification of an ideal of a well-ordered science. This article argues that this suggestion misconstrues (...)
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  12. Knowledge on Affective Trust.Arnon Keren - 2012 - Abstracta 6 (S6):33-46.
  13.  29
    Perspectives on Framing.Gideon Keren (ed.) - 2011 - Psychology Press.
    In this book, contributors from a variety of disciplines ”psychology, linguistics, marketing, political science, and medical decision making ”come together ...
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  14.  20
    On the Definition and Possible Underpinnings of Framing Effects: A Brief Review and a Critical Evaluation.Gideon Keren - 2011 - In Perspectives on Framing. Psychology Press.
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  15.  5
    The Experience of Premature Birth for Fathers: The Application of the Clinical Interview for Parents of High-Risk Infants to an Italian Sample.Carla Candelori, Carmen Trumello, Alessandra Babore, Miri Keren & Roberta Romanelli - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  16.  21
    Hydra Regeneration: Closing the Loop with Mechanical Processes in Morphogenesis.Erez Braun & Kinneret Keren - 2018 - Bioessays 40 (7):1700204.
  17.  5
    When Are Successes More Surprising Than Failures?Karl Halvor Teigen & Gideon Keren - 2002 - Cognition and Emotion 16 (2):245-268.
  18. Mental Accounting and Individual Welfare.Dilip Soman, Hee-Kyung Ahn & G. Keren - 2011 - In Gideon Keren (ed.), Perspectives on Framing. Psychology Press. pp. 65--92.
     
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  19.  27
    Epistemic Authority, Testimony and the Transmission of Knowledge.Arnon Keren - 2007 - Episteme: A Journal of Social Epistemology 4 (3):368-381.
    I present an account of what it is to trust a speaker, and argue that the account can explain the common intuitions which structure the debate about the transmission view of testimony. According to the suggested account, to trust a speaker is to grant her epistemic authority on the asserted proposition, and hence to see her opinion as issuing a second order, preemptive reason for believing the proposition. The account explains the intuitive appeal of the basic principle associated with the (...)
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  20.  9
    From Resistance to Reconciliation and Back Again: A Semiotic Analysis of the Charlie Hebdo Cover Following the January 2015 Events.Ran Keren - 2018 - Semiotica 2018 (225):269-292.
    Name der Zeitschrift: Semiotica Jahrgang: 2018 Heft: 225 Seiten: 269-292.
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  21.  21
    On the Psychology of Playing Blackjack: Normative and Descriptive Considerations with Implications for Decision Theory.Gideon B. Keren & Willem A. Wagenaar - 1985 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 114 (2):133-158.
  22.  26
    Waiting for the Bus: When Base-Rates Refuse to Be Neglected.Karl Halvor Teigen & Gideon Keren - 2007 - Cognition 103 (3):337-357.
  23.  7
    On the Importance of Identifying the Correct ‘Problem Space’.Gideon Keren - 1984 - Cognition 16 (2):121-128.
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  24.  8
    The Base Rate Controversy: Is the Glass Half-Full or Half-Empty?Gideon Keren & Lambert J. Thijs - 1996 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 19 (1):26-26.
  25.  8
    Atypical Within-Session Motor Procedural Learning After Traumatic Brain Injury but Well-Preserved Between-Session Procedural Memory Consolidation.Maria Korman, Sharon Shaklai, Keren Cisamariu, Carmit Gal, Rinatia Maaravi-Hesseg, Ishay Levy, Ofer Keren, Avi Karni & Yaron Sacher - 2018 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 12.
  26.  13
    Temporal Aspects of Probabilistic Predictions.Gideon Keren & Willem A. Wagenaar - 1987 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 25 (1):61-64.
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  27. Akahane-Yamada, R., B47 Bertamini, M., 33 Booth, AE, 215 Brockmole, JR, B59 Chambers, KE, B69.N. Chater, E. Colunga, C. J. Croucher, C. H. Echols, H. Gleitman, L. Gleitman, U. Hahn, S. Hulme, S. S. Jones & G. Keren - 2003 - Cognition 87:235.
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  28.  24
    Absurdity and Revolt in Cormac McCarthy’s The Road.Michael Keren - 2012 - PhaenEx 7 (1):221-243.
    Camus’ notions of absurdity and revolt remain relevant today, especially with respect to very recent developments in the growing role of electronic and digital mass media. Cormac McCarthy’s 2006 novel The Road , describing a father and child’s journey after the world as we know it has been destroyed, is used to highlight the nature of absurdity and revolt in their updated early 21 st century version.
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  29.  21
    Political Obligation and Military Service in Three Countries.George Klosko, Michael Keren & Stacy Nyikos - 2003 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 2 (1):37-62.
    University of Calgary, Canada and Tel Aviv University, Israel mkeren{at}ucalgary.ca ' + u + '@' + d + ' '//--> Stacy Nyikos University of Tulsa, USA stacy-nyikos{at}utulsa.edu ' + u + '@' + d + ' '//--> Although questions of political obligation have been much discussed by scholars, little attention has been paid to moral reasons advanced by actual states to justify the compliance of their subjects. We examine the `self-image of the state' through Supreme Court decisions in the USA, (...)
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  30.  19
    One Wrong Does Not Justify Another: Accepting Dual Processes by Fallacy of False Alternatives.Gideon Keren, Iris van Rooij & Yaacov Schul - 2007 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (3):269-270.
    Barbey & Sloman (B&S) advocate a dual-process (two-system) approach by comparing it with an alternative perspective (ecological rationality), claiming that the latter is unwarranted. Rejecting this alternative approach cannot serve as sufficient evidence for the viability of the former.
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  31.  5
    On the Intricacies Involved in the Study of Similarity Judgments: Comment on Ritov, Gati, Tversky.Gideon Keren - 1990 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 119 (1):42-43.
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  32.  6
    Optimality as an Epistemological Organizing Principle.Gideon Keren - 1993 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (3):622-623.
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  33.  6
    World Journal Has Brought Development and Prosperity to Flushing.Ma Keren - 2007 - Chinese Studies in History 41 (2):35-37.
  34.  4
    Resolving Social Conflicts Through Hostage Posting: Theoretical and Empirical Considerations.Gideon Keren & Werner Raub - 1993 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 122 (4):429.
  35.  5
    The ‘Prague Circle’ and the Challenge of Nationalism.Michael Keren - 1993 - History of European Ideas 16 (1-3):3-9.
  36.  3
    Some Considerations of Two Alleged Kinds of Selective Attention.Gideon Keren - 1976 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 105 (4):349-374.
  37. The Gamblers Fallacy Type-II.G. Keren - 1990 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 28 (6):506-507.
     
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  38. From Come to Consciousness : Recovery and the Process of Differentiation.Avraham Schweiger, Michael Frost & Ofer Keren - 2010 - In Michel Weber & Anderson Weekes (eds.), Process Approaches to Consciousness in Psychology, Neuroscience, and Philosophy of Mind. State University of New York Press.
     
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  39. Book Review of "Torts, Egalitarianism and Distributive Justice" by Tsachi Keren-Paz. [REVIEW]Nicole A. Vincent - 2008 - Australian Journal of Legal Philosophy 33:199-204.
    In "Torts, Egalitarianism and Distributive Justice" , Tsachi Keren-Paz presents impressingly detailed analysis that bolsters the case in favour of incremental tort law reform. However, although this book's greatest strength is the depth of analysis offered, at the same time supporters of radical law reform proposals may interpret the complexity of the solution that is offered as conclusive proof that tort law can only take adequate account of egalitarian aims at an unacceptably high cost.
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  40.  5
    Overcoming Difficulties in Bayesian Reasoning: A Reply to Lewis and Keren and Mellers and McGraw.Gerd Gigerenzer & Ulrich Hoffrage - 1999 - Psychological Review 106 (2):425-430.
  41. Wenden en keren.H. G. J. Gremmen - 1990 - Krisis 38:92-94.
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  42.  21
    Tsachi Keren-Paz, Torts, Egalitarianism and Distributive Justice.Wade Mansell - 2009 - Feminist Legal Studies 17 (2):239-240.
  43.  5
    Tsachi Keren-Paz's Book "Torts, Egalitarianism and Distributive Justice".Nicole Vincent - unknown
  44.  4
    Tsachi Keren-Paz: Sex Trafficking: A Private Law Response. [REVIEW]Nikki Godden - 2014 - Feminist Legal Studies 22 (2):217-220.
  45. Adequate and Inadequate Stimulus Information: Comments on "Some Considerations of Two Alleged Kinds of Selective Attention" by Keren.W. R. Garner - 1976 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 105 (4):375-377.
  46. Aesthetic Rationality.Keren Gorodeisky & Eric Marcus - 2018 - Journal of Philosophy 115 (3):113-140.
    We argue that the aesthetic domain falls inside the scope of rationality, but does so in its own way. Aesthetic judgment is a stance neither on whether a proposition is to be believed nor on whether an action is to be done, but on whether an object is to be appreciated. Aesthetic judgment is simply appreciation. Correlatively, reasons supporting theoretical, practical and aesthetic judgments operate in fundamentally different ways. The irreducibility of the aesthetic domain is due to the fact that (...)
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  47. A New Look at Kant's View of Aesthetic Testimony.Keren Gorodeisky - 2010 - British Journal of Aesthetics 50 (1):53-70.
    In this paper I explore the following threefold question: first, is there a genuine problem of grounding aesthetic judgement in testimony? Second, if there is such a problem, what exactly is its nature? And lastly, can Kant help us get clearer on the problem? Following Kant, I argue that the problem with aesthetic testimony is explained by norms that govern what it takes to judge a beautiful object aesthetically, rather than theoretically or practically, not by norms that govern what it (...)
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  48. Rationally Agential Pleasure? A Kantian Proposal.Keren Gorodeisky - 2018 - In Lisa Shapiro (ed.), Pleasure: a History. Oxford University Press. pp. 167-194.
    The main claim of the paper is that, on Kant's account, aesthetic pleasure is an exercise of rational agency insofar as, when proper, it has the following two features: (1) It is an affective responsiveness to the question: “what is to be felt disinterestedly”? As such, it involves consciousness of its ground (the reasons for having it) and thus of itself as properly responsive to its object. (2) Its actuality depends on endorsement: actually feeling it involves its endorsement as an (...)
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  49.  12
    Gender Injustice in Compensating Injury to Autonomy in English and Singaporean Negligence Law.Tsachi Keren-Paz - 2019 - Feminist Legal Studies 27 (1):33-55.
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  50.  48
    Unity in Variety: Theoretical, Practical and Aesthetic Reason in Kant.Keren Gorodeisky - forthcoming - In Konstantin Pollok & Gerad Gentry (eds.), The Imagination in German Idealism and Romanticism.
    The main task of the paper is to explore Kant’s understanding of what unites the three kinds of judgment that he regards as the signature judgments of the three fundamental faculties of the mind--theoretical, practical and aesthetic judgments--in a way that preserves their fundamental differences. I argue that these are differences in kind not only in degree; or, in the terms I motivate in the paper, differences in form. Thus, I aim to show that (1) the Romantic unity of knowing, (...)
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