36 found
Order:
See also
  1.  46
    Is a Little Pollution Good for You?: Incorporating Societal Values in Environmental Research.Kevin C. Elliott - 2010 - Oxford University Press.
    Introduction : societal values and environmental research -- The Hormesis case -- An argument for societal values in policy-relevant research -- Lesson #1 : safeguarding science -- Lesson #2 : diagnosing deliberation -- Lesson #3 : ethics for experts -- The MCS and ED cases.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  2.  92
    Douglas on Values: From Indirect Roles to Multiple Goals.Kevin C. Elliott - 2013 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 44 (3):375-383.
    In recent papers and a book, Heather Douglas has expanded on the well-known argument from inductive risk, thereby launching an influential contemporary critique of the value-free ideal for science. This paper distills Douglas’s critique into four major claims. The first three claims provide a significant challenge to the value-free ideal for science. However, the fourth claim, which delineates her positive proposal to regulate values in science by distinguishing direct and indirect roles for values, is ambiguous between two interpretations, and both (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  3.  71
    A Tapestry of Values: Response to My Critics.Kevin C. Elliott - 2018 - Philosophy, Theory, and Practice in Biology 10 (11).
    This response addresses the excellent responses to my book provided by Heather Douglas, Janet Kourany, and Matt Brown. First, I provide some comments and clarifications concerning a few of the highlights from their essays. Second, in response to the worries of my critics, I provide more detail than I was able to provide in my book regarding my three conditions for incorporating values in science. Third, I identify some of the most promising avenues for further research that flow out of (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  4. A Tapestry of Values: An Introduction to Values in Science.Kevin C. Elliott - 2017 - Oxford University Press USA.
    The role of values in scientific research has become an important topic of discussion in both scholarly and popular debates. Pundits across the political spectrum worry that research on topics like climate change, evolutionary theory, vaccine safety, and genetically modified foods has become overly politicized. At the same time, it is clear that values play an important role in science by limiting unethical forms of research and by deciding what areas of research have the greatest relevance for society. Deciding how (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  5. Is a Little Pollution Good for You?: Incorporating Societal Values in Environmental Research.Kevin C. Elliott - 2011 - Oup Usa.
    Could low-level exposure to polluting chemicals be analogous to exercise - a beneficial source of stress that strengthens the body? Some scientists studying the phenomenon of hormesis claim that that this may be the case. Is A Little Pollution Good For You? critically examines the current evidence for hormesis.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  6. Is a Little Pollution Good for You?: Incorporating Societal Values in Environmental Research.Kevin C. Elliott - 2011 - Oup Usa.
    Could low-level exposure to polluting chemicals be analogous to exercise -- a beneficial source of stress that strengthens the body? Some scientists studying the phenomenon of hormesis claim that that this may be the case.s A Little Pollution Good For You? critically examines the current evidence for hormesis.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  7.  60
    Epistemic and Methodological Iteration in Scientific Research.Kevin C. Elliott - 2012 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 43 (2):376-382.
    A number of scholars have recently drawn attention to the importance of iteration in scientific research. This paper builds on these previous discussions by drawing a distinction between epistemic and methodological forms of iteration and by clarifying the relationships between them. As defined here, epistemic iteration involves progressive alterations to scientific knowledge claims, whereas methodological iteration refers to an interplay between different modes of research practice. While distinct, these two forms of iteration are related in important ways. Contemporary research on (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  8.  9
    Addressing Industry-Funded Research with Criteria for Objectivity.Kevin C. Elliott - 2018 - Philosophy of Science 85 (5):857-868.
    In recent years, industry-funded research has come under fire because of concerns that it can be biased in favor of the funders. This article suggests that efforts by philosophers of science to analyze the concept of objectivity can provide important lessons for those seeking to evaluate and improve industry-funded research. It identifies three particularly relevant criteria for objectivity: transparency, reproducibility, and effective criticism. On closer examination, the criteria of transparency and reproducibility turn out to have significant limitations in this context, (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  9.  19
    Standardized Study Designs, Value Judgments, and Financial Conflicts of Interest in Research.Kevin C. Elliott - 2016 - Perspectives on Science 24 (5):529-551.
    The potential for financial conflicts of interest to influence scientific research in problematic ways has recently become a significant topic of discussion across numerous fields. The chemical, petroleum, pharmaceutical, and tobacco industries have all been accused of suppressing evidence that their products are harmful, producing studies with questionable methodologies, generating questionable reinterpretations of studies that challenge their products, and working with public relations firms and front groups to mislead the public about relevant science. In an effort to address these influences, (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  10.  32
    Financial Conflicts of Interest and Criteria for Research Credibility.Kevin C. Elliott - 2014 - Erkenntnis 79 (S5):917-937.
    The potential for financial conflicts of interest (COIs) to damage the credibility of scientific research has become a significant social concern, especially in the wake of high-profile incidents involving the pharmaceutical, tobacco, fossil-fuel, and chemical industries. Scientists and policy makers have debated whether the presence of financial COIs should count as a reason for treating research with suspicion or whether research should instead be evaluated solely based on its scientific quality. This paper examines a recent proposal to develop criteria for (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  11.  25
    Anthropocentric Indirect Arguments for Environmental Protection.Kevin C. Elliott - 2014 - Ethics, Policy and Environment 17 (3):243-260.
    Environmental ethicists have devoted considerable attention to discussing whether anthropocentric or nonanthropocentric arguments provide more appropriate means for defending environmental protection. This paper argues that philosophers, scientists, and policy makers should pay more attention to a particular type of anthropocentric argument. These anthropocentric indirect arguments defend actions or policies that benefit the environment, but they justify the policies based on beneficial effects on humans that are not caused by their environmental benefits. AIAs appear to have numerous appealing characteristics, and their (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  12.  45
    Introduction: Cognitive Attitudes and Values in Science.Daniel J. McKaughan & Kevin C. Elliott - 2015 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 53:57-61.
  13.  48
    From Genetic to Genomic Regulation: Iterativity in microRNA Research.Maureen A. O’Malley, Kevin C. Elliott & Richard M. Burian - 2010 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 41 (4):407-417.
    The discovery and ongoing investigation of microRNAs suggest important conceptual and methodological lessons for philosophers and historians of biology. This paper provides an account of miRNA research and the shift from viewing these tiny regulatory entities as minor curiosities to seeing them as major players in the post-transcriptional regulation of genes. Conceptually, the study of miRNAs is part of a broader change in understandings of genetic regulation, in which simple switch-like mechanisms were reinterpreted as aspects of complex cellular and genome-wide (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  14. Current Controversies in Values and Science.Kevin C. Elliott & Daniel Steel (eds.) - 2017 - Routledge.
    _Current Controversies in Values and Science_ asks ten philosophers to debate five questions that are driving contemporary work in this important area of philosophy of science. The book is perfect for the advanced student, building up her knowledge of the foundations of the field while also engaging its most cutting-edge questions. Introductions and annotated bibliographies for each debate, preliminary descriptions of each chapter, study questions, and a supplemental guide to further controversies involving values in science help provide clearer and richer (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  15.  79
    An Ethics of Expertise Based on Informed Consent.Kevin C. Elliott - 2006 - Science and Engineering Ethics 12 (4):637-661.
    Ethicists widely accept the notion that scientists have moral responsibilities to benefit society at large. The dissemination of scientific information to the public and its political representatives is central to many of the ways in which scientists serve society. Unfortunately, the task of providing information can often give rise to moral quandaries when scientific experts participate in politically charged debates over issues that are fraught with uncertainty. This paper develops a theoretical framework for an “ethics of expertise” (EOE) based on (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  16. Exploring Inductive Risk: Case Studies of Values in Science.Kevin C. Elliott & Ted Richards (eds.) - 2017 - Oup Usa.
    This book brings together eleven case studies of inductive risk-the chance that scientific inference is incorrect-that range over a wide variety of scientific contexts and fields. The chapters are designed to illustrate the pervasiveness of inductive risk, assist scientists and policymakers in responding to it, and productively move theoretical discussions of the topic forward.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  17.  11
    Précis of A Tapestry of Values: An Introduction to Values in Science.Kevin C. Elliott - 2018 - Philosophy, Theory, and Practice in Biology 10.
  18.  26
    Structured Development and Promotion of a Research Field: Hormesis in Biology, Toxicology, and Environmental Regulatory Science.Paul Mushak & Kevin C. Elliott - 2015 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 25 (4):335-367.
    The ability of powerful and well-funded interest groups to steer scientific research in directions that advance their goals has become a significant social concern. This ability is increasingly being recognized in the peer-reviewed literature and in the findings of deliberative expert consensus committees. For example, there is increasing recognition that efforts to address climate change have been stymied in part by a powerful network of conservative foundations, which fund think tanks and other organizations that constitute a “climate change counter movement”. (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  19.  14
    Bisphenol A and Risk Management Ethics.David B. Resnik & Kevin C. Elliott - 2015 - Bioethics 29 (3):182-189.
    It is widely recognized that endocrine disrupting compounds, such as Bisphenol A, pose challenges for traditional paradigms in toxicology, insofar as these substances appear to have a wider range of low-dose effects than previously recognized. These compounds also pose challenges for ethics and policymaking. When a chemical does not have significant low-dose effects, regulators can allow it to be introduced into commerce or the environment, provided that procedures and rules are in place to keep exposures below an acceptable level. This (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  20.  57
    The Ethical Significance of Language in the Environmental Sciences: Case Studies From Pollution Research.Kevin C. Elliott - 2009 - Ethics, Place and Environment 12 (2):157 – 173.
    This paper examines how ethically significant assumptions and values are embedded not only in environmental policies but also in the language of the environmental sciences. It shows, based on three case studies associated with contemporary pollution research, how the choice of scientific categories and terms can have at least four ethically significant effects: influencing the future course of scientific research; altering public awareness or attention to environmental phenomena; affecting the attitudes or behavior of key decision makers; and changing the burdens (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  21.  5
    Value-Entanglement and the Integrity of Scientific Research.David B. Resnik & Kevin C. Elliott - forthcoming - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  22.  20
    Developmental Systems Theory and Human Embryos: A Response to Austriaco.Kevin C. Elliott - 2005 - The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 5 (2):249-259.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  23.  9
    The Promise and Perils of Industry‐Funded Science.Bennett Holman & Kevin C. Elliott - 2018 - Philosophy Compass 13 (11):e12544.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  24.  20
    Distinguishing Risk and Uncertainty in Risk Assessments of Emerging Technologies.Kevin C. Elliott & Michael Dickson - unknown
    Economist Frank Knight drew a distinction between decisions under risk and decisions under uncertainty. Despite the significance of this distinction for decision theory, we argue that there has been inadequate attention to the difficulties involved in classifying decision situations into these categories. Using the risk assessment of carbon nanotubes as an example, we show that it is often unclear whether there is adequate information to classify a decision situation as being under risk as opposed to uncertainty. We conclude by providing (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  25.  24
    A Novel Account of Scientific Anomaly: Help for the Dispute Over Low‐Dose Biochemical Effects.Kevin C. Elliott - 2006 - Philosophy of Science 73 (5):790-802.
    The biological effects of low doses of toxic and carcinogenic chemicals are currently a matter of significant scientific controversy. This paper argues that philosophers of science can contribute to alleviating this controversy by examining it with the aid of a novel account of scientific anomaly. Specifically, analysis of contemporary research on chemical hormesis (i.e., alleged beneficial biological effects produced by low doses of substances that are harmful at higher doses) suggests that scientists may initially describe anomalous phenomena in terms of (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  26.  30
    Environmental Aesthetics and Public Environmental Philosophy.Katherine W. Robinson & Kevin C. Elliott - 2011 - Ethics, Policy and Environment 14 (2):175 - 191.
    We argue that environmental aesthetics, and specifically the concept of aesthetic integrity, should play a central role in a public environmental philosophy designed to communicate about environmental problems in an effective manner. After developing the concept of the ?aesthetic integrity? of the environment, we appeal to empirical research to show that it contributes significantly to people?s sense of place, which is, in turn, central to their well-being and motivational state. As a result, appealing to aesthetic integrity in policy contexts is (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  27.  6
    Teaching and Learning Guide For: The Promise and Perils of Industry‐Funded Research.Bennett Holman & Kevin C. Elliott - 2018 - Philosophy Compass 13 (11):e12549.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  28.  10
    The Ethics of Infection Control: Philosophical Frameworks.Charles S. Bryan, Theresa J. Call & Kevin C. Elliott - 2007 - Ethics 28 (9):1077-1084.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  29.  6
    Using Drones to Study Human Beings: Ethical and Regulatory Issues.David B. Resnik & Kevin C. Elliott - forthcoming - Science and Engineering Ethics.
    Researchers have used drones to track wildlife populations, monitor forest fires, map glaciers, and measure air pollution but have only begun to consider how to use these unmanned aerial vehicles to study human beings. The potential use of drones to study public gatherings or other human activities raises novel issues of privacy, confidentiality, and consent, which this article explores in depth. It argues that drone research could fall into several different categories: non-human subjects research, exempt HSR, or non-exempt HSR. In (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  30.  6
    Fritz Allhoff, Patrick Lin, James Moor, and John Weckert , Nanoethics: The Ethical and Social Implications of Nanotechnology. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley‐Interscience , 385 Pp., $42.50. [REVIEW]Kevin C. Elliott - 2008 - Philosophy of Science 75 (3):405-408.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  31.  27
    Hydrogen Fuel-Cell Vehicles, Energy Policy, and the Ethics of Expertise.Kevin C. Elliott - 2010 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 27 (4):376-393.
    Relatively few thinkers have attempted to develop a systematic ‘ethics of expertise’ (EOE) that can guide scientists and other technical experts in providing information to the public. This paper argues that the prima facie duty to disseminate information in a manner that does not damage the self-determination of decision makers could fruitfully serve as one of the core principles of an EOE. Moreover, this duty can be fleshed out in promising ways by drawing on the concept of informed consent, which (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  32.  23
    Fritz Allhoff, Patrick Lin, James Moor, and John Weckert (Eds.):Nanoethics: The Ethical and Social Implications of Nanotechnology,:Nanoethics: The Ethical and Social Implications of Nanotechnology.Kevin C. Elliott - 2008 - Philosophy of Science 75 (3):405-408.
  33.  9
    Environmental Health Ethics.Kevin C. Elliott - 2014 - Ethics, Policy and Environment 17 (2):238-239.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  34.  7
    Nature in Common?Kevin C. Elliott - 2010 - Environmental Ethics 32 (1):79-84.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  35.  7
    Legally Poisoned: How the Law Puts Us at Risk From Toxicants.Kevin C. Elliott - 2013 - Ethics, Policy and Environment 16 (2):226 - 229.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  36. The Kaleidoscope of Citizen ScienceCommentary.Kevin C. Elliott - 2019 - Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics 9 (1):47-52.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark