Results for 'Kevin O’Neill'

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  1. Norms Affect Prospective Causal Judgments.Paul Henne, Kevin O’Neill, Paul Bello, Sangeet Khemlani & Felipe De Brigard - 2021 - Cognitive Science 45 (1):e12931.
    People more frequently select norm-violating factors, relative to norm- conforming ones, as the cause of some outcome. Until recently, this abnormal-selection effect has been studied using retrospective vignette-based paradigms. We use a novel set of video stimuli to investigate this effect for prospective causal judgments—i.e., judgments about the cause of some future outcome. Four experiments show that people more frequently select norm- violating factors, relative to norm-conforming ones, as the cause of some future outcome. We show that the abnormal-selection effects (...)
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  2.  27
    Facing Risk: Levinas, Ethnography, and Ethics.Peter Benson & Kevin Lewis O'neill - 2007 - Anthropology of Consciousness 18 (2):29-55.
    This article examines methodological and ethical issues of ethnographic research through the lens of Emmanuel Levinas's philosophy. Levinas is relevant to a critical analysis of ethnographic methods because his philosophy turns on the problematic relationship between self and other, among other important problems that define and guide contemporary anthropological research, including questions of responsibility, justice, and solidarity. This article utilizes Levinas's philosophy to outline a phenomenology of the “doing” of fieldwork, emphasizing the contingency of face-to-face encounters over controlled research design. (...)
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  3.  22
    Two challenges for a dual system approach to temporal cognition.Felipe De Brigard & Kevin O'Neill - 2019 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 42.
    Hoerl & McCormack propose a two-system account of temporal cognition. We suggest that, following other classic proposals where cognitive systems are putatively independent, H&M's two-system hypothesis should, at a minimum, involve a difference in the nature of the representations upon which each system operates, and a difference in the computations they carry out. In this comment we offer two challenges aimed at showing that H&M's proposal does not meet the minimal requirements and.
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  4. Blame for Hum(e)an beings: The role of character information in judgments of blame.Samuel Murray, Kevin O'Neill, Jordan Bridges, Justin Sytsma & Zac Irving - forthcoming - Social Psychological and Personality Science.
    How does character information inform judgments of blame? Some argue that character information is indirectly relevant to blame because it enriches judgments about the mental states of a wrongdoer. Others argue that character information is directly relevant to blame, even when character traits are causally irrelevant to the wrongdoing. We propose an empirical synthesis of these views: a Two Channel Model of blame. The model predicts that character information directly affects blame when this information is relevant to the wrongdoing that (...)
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  5.  38
    Double Prevention, Causal Judgments, and Counterfactuals.Paul Henne & Kevin O'Neill - 2022 - Cognitive Science 46 (5):e13127.
    Cognitive Science, Volume 46, Issue 5, May 2022.
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  6.  16
    Confidence and gradation in causal judgment.Kevin O'Neill, Paul Henne, Paul Bello, John Pearson & Felipe De Brigard - 2022 - Cognition 223 (C):105036.
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  7.  22
    A computational modeling approach to investigating mind wandering-related adjustments to gaze behavior during scene viewing.Kristina Krasich, Kevin O'Neill, Samuel Murray, James R. Brockmole, Felipe De Brigard & Antje Nuthmann - 2024 - Cognition 242 (C):105624.
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  8.  14
    Looking at Mental Images: Eye‐Tracking Mental Simulation During Retrospective Causal Judgment.Kristina Krasich, Kevin O'Neill & Felipe De Brigard - 2024 - Cognitive Science 48 (3):e13426.
    How do people evaluate causal relationships? Do they just consider what actually happened, or do they also consider what could have counterfactually happened? Using eye tracking and Gaussian process modeling, we investigated how people mentally simulated past events to judge what caused the outcomes to occur. Participants played a virtual ball‐shooting game and then—while looking at a blank screen—mentally simulated (a) what actually happened, (b) what counterfactually could have happened, or (c) what caused the outcome to happen. Our findings showed (...)
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  9.  44
    Ethical Operating Systems.Kevin O’Neill, Jean-Claude Paquin, Atriya Sen, Selmer Bringsjord & Naveen Govindarajulu - 2018 - In Giuseppe Primiero & Liesbeth De Mol (eds.), Reflections on Programming Systems: Historical and Philosophical Aspects. Cham: Springer Verlag. pp. 235-260.
    A well-ingrained and recommended engineering practice in safety-critical software systems is to separate safety concerns from other aspects of the system. Along these lines, there have been calls for operating systems that implement ethical controls in an ethical layer separate from, and not amenable to tampering by, developers and modules in higher-level intelligence or cognition layers. There have been no implementations that demonstrate such a marshalling of ethical principles into an ethical layer. To address this, we present three different tracks (...)
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  10. Disciplining the dead.Kevin O'neill - 1999 - In Gail Weiss & Honi Fern Haber (eds.), Perspectives on Embodiment: The Intersections of Nature and Culture. Routledge.
     
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  11.  13
    Empty Streets.Kevin Lewis O'Neill & James Rodríguez - 2021 - Diacritics 49 (3):112-125.
    Abstract:This visual essay invites renewed reflection on the iconography of the people. In the spring of 2020, Guatemala's President Alejandro Giammattei prohibited citizens from leaving their homes to help contain the spread of the novel coronavirus known as Covid-19. Doing little to manage the spread of the virus, these curfew events gave new aesthetic and political meaning to a familiar visual genre: photographs of empty streets. For more than a century, and especially in the summer of 2020, images of crowds (...)
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  12.  34
    Law, Order, and Disobedience.Kevin D. O’Neill - 1970 - Southwestern Journal of Philosophy 1 (1-2):170-185.
  13.  9
    On Hunting.Kevin Lewis O’Neill - 2017 - Critical Inquiry 43 (3):697-718.
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  14.  24
    The Problem of Balance in Philosophy of Religion.Kevin David O’Neill - 1968 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 42:119-125.
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  15.  34
    Undergraduate Apprentices in Introductory Philosophy Courses.Kevin O'Neill - 1988 - Teaching Philosophy 11 (1):55-61.
  16.  10
    Risky Decision Making Under Stressful Conditions: Men and Women With Smaller Cortisol Elevations Make Riskier Social and Economic Decisions.Anna J. Dreyer, Dale Stephen, Robyn Human, Tarah L. Swanepoel, Leanne Adams, Aimee O'Neill, W. Jake Jacobs & Kevin G. F. Thomas - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    Men often make riskier decisions than women across a wide range of real-life behaviors. Whether this sex difference is accentuated, diminished, or stable under stressful conditions is, however, contested in the scientific literature. A critical blind spot lies amid this contestation: Most studies use standardized, laboratory-based, cognitive measures of decision making rather than complex real-life social simulation tasks to assess risk-related behavior. To address this blind spot, we investigated the effects of acute psychosocial stress on risk decision making in men (...)
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  17.  30
    Review: O'Neill, Bounds of Justice. [REVIEW]Kevin E. Dodson - 2003 - Kantian Review 7:149-152.
  18. Constructions of reason: explorations of Kant's practical philosophy.Onora O'Neill - 1989 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    Two centuries after they were published, Kant's ethical writings are as much admired and imitated as they have ever been, yet serious and long-standing accusations of internal incoherence remain unresolved. Onora O'Neill traces the alleged incoherences to attempts to assimilate Kant's ethical writings to modern conceptions of rationality, action and rights. When the temptation to assimilate is resisted, a strikingly different and more cohesive account of reason and morality emerges. Kant offers a "constructivist" vindication of reason and a moral vision (...)
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  19. Constructions of Reason: Explorations of Kant's Practical Philosophy.Onora O'Neill - 1989 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    Two centuries after they were published, Kant's ethical writings are as much admired and imitated as they have ever been, yet serious and long-standing accusations of internal incoherence remain unresolved. Onora O'Neill traces the alleged incoherences to attempt to assimilate Kant's ethical writings to modern conceptions of rationality, action and rights. When the temptation to assimilate is resisted, a strikingly different and more cohesive account of reason and morality emerges. Kant offers a `constructivist' vindication of reason and a moral vision (...)
     
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  20. Faces of hunger: an essay on poverty, justice, and development.Onora O'Neill - 1986 - Boston: G. Allen & Unwin.
  21.  14
    Bounds of Justice. By Onora O'Neill. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000. ix + 219 pp. ISBN 0-521-44232-X. £35.00. [REVIEW]Kevin E. Dodson - 2003 - Kantian Review 7:149-152.
  22.  47
    Acting on principle: an essay on Kantian ethics.Onora O'Neill - 1975 - New York: Columbia University Press.
    'Two things', wrote Kant, 'fill the mind with ever new and increasing admiration and awe: the starry heavens above and the moral law within'. Many would argue that since Kant's day, the study of the starry heavens has advanced while ethics has stagnated, and in particular that Kant's ethics offers an empty formalism that tells us nothing about how we should live. In Acting on Principle Onora O'Neill shows that Kantian ethics has practical as well as philosophical importance. First published (...)
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  23. Disappearing Ink: Early Modern Women Philosophers and Their Fate in History.Eileen O'Neill - 1997 - In Janet A. Kourany (ed.), Philosophy in a Feminist Voice: Critiques and Reconstructions. Princeton University Press. pp. 17-62.
  24. Acting on Principle: An Essay on Kantian Ethics.Onora O'Neill - 1975 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    'Two things', wrote Kant, 'fill the mind with ever new and increasing admiration and awe: the starry heavens above and the moral law within'. Many would argue that since Kant's day, the study of the starry heavens has advanced while ethics has stagnated, and in particular that Kant's ethics offers an empty formalism that tells us nothing about how we should live. In Acting on Principle Onora O'Neill shows that Kantian ethics has practical as well as philosophical importance. First published (...)
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  25.  4
    5. Kritik der praktischen Vernunft (§§ 7–8, 30–41).Onora O'Neill - 2002 - In Otfried Höffe (ed.), Immanuel Kant: Kritik der Praktischen Vernunft. Berlin: Akademie Verlag. pp. 81-97.
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  26.  47
    Feminist History of Philosophy: The Recovery and Evaluation of Women’s Philosophical Thought.Eileen O’Neill & Marcy P. Lascano (eds.) - 2019 - Springer, NM 87747, USA: Springer.
    Over the course of the past twenty-five years, feminist theory has had a forceful impact upon the history of Western philosophy. The present collection of essays has as its primary aim to evaluate past women’s published philosophical work, and to introduce readers to newly recovered female figures; the collection will also make contributions to the history of the philosophy of gender, and to the history of feminist social and political philosophy, insofar as the collection will discuss women’s views on these (...)
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  27.  65
    9 Constructivism in Rawls and Kant1.Onora O'neill - 2002 - In Samuel Freeman (ed.), The Cambridge companion to Rawls. New York: Cambridge University Press. pp. 347.
  28. Vindicating reason.Onora O'Neill - 1992 - In Paul Guyer (ed.), The Cambridge companion to Kant. New York: Cambridge University Press. pp. 280--308.
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  29.  11
    Psychoanalysis and sociology: From freudo-Marxism to Freudo-feminism.John O'Neill - 2001 - In Barry Smart & George Ritzer (eds.), Handbook of social theory. Thousands Oaks, Calif.: SAGE. pp. 112--124.
  30. Recognition and Redistribution in Theories of Justice Beyond the State.Shane O'Neill & Caroline Walsh - 2013 - In Burns Tony & Thompson Simon (eds.), Global Justice and the Politics of Recognition. Palgrave.
  31.  33
    Work, Justice, and Collective Capital Institutions: Revisiting Rudolf Meidner and the Case for Wage‐Earner Funds.Markus Furendal & Martin O'Neill - 2024 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 41 (2):306-329.
    This article makes the case for a specific variety of what we call Collective Capital Institutions (CCIs), by returning to the idea of Wage-Earner Funds (WEFs) – a 1970s Swedish policy proposal designed gradually to shift ownership and control over parts of the economy to democratically controlled institutions. We identify two attractive rationales in favour of such a scheme and argue that both can fruitfully be transposed to the current worldwide economic situation. The egalitarian rationale is that WEFs could help (...)
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  32.  59
    The Demonic Body: Demonic Ontology and the Domicile of the Demons in Apuleius and Augustine.Seamus O'Neill - 2017 - In Philosophical Approaches to Demonology. pp. 39-58.
    Peter Lombard lamented the abandonment of Augustine’s position affirming the materiality of demons and the demonic body, since by his time (some 700 years after Augustine), under the influence of the Pseudo-Dionysius, it was generally agreed within the Christian tradition that demons (and angels) are intelligible, disembodied substances. The principles that the cosmos is spatially and materially divided and stratified and that demons share ontologically in the nature of the part that they inhabit allowed figures such as Apuleius, Porphyry, and (...)
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  33.  36
    Impartiality in context: grounding justice in a pluralist world.Shane O'Neill - 1997 - Albany: State University of New York Press.
    Assesses critically the work of Rawls, Walzer, and Habermas and presents a theory of justice that responds to two senses of pluralism.
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  34.  86
    Property-Owning Democracy: Rawls and Beyond.Martin O'Neill & Thad Williamson (eds.) - 2012 - Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell.
    A collection of original essays that represent the first extended treatment of political philosopher John Rawls' idea of a property-owning democracy.
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  35.  19
    Merleau-Ponty: The Role of the Body-Subject in Interpersonal Relations.John O'Neill - 1966 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 27 (4):625-626.
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  36.  30
    The Stratification of Behaviour.John O'Neill - 1967 - Philosophy 42 (159):86-87.
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  37.  22
    The ethics of our climate: hermeneutics and ethical theory.William R. O'Neill - 1994 - Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University Press.
    In this book, William O'Neill, S.J., offers an interpretation of the nature and scope of practical reasoning in light of postmodern philosophical criticism.
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  38.  14
    5 Autonomy and the Fact of Reason in the Kritik der praktischen Vernunft (§§ 7–8: 30–41).Onora O’Neill - 2002 - In Otfried Höffe (ed.), Immanuel Kant: Kritik der praktischen Vernunft. Berlin: De Gruyter. pp. 73-88.
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  39. 3 Global Refugees.Maggie O'neill - 2004 - In Sinkwan Cheng (ed.), Law, justice, and power: between reason and will. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press.
     
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  40. Marcuse's maternal ethic.John O'Neill - 2004 - In John Abromeit & W. Mark Cobb (eds.), Herbert Marcuse: a critical reader. New York: Routledge.
  41.  48
    John Adams versus Mary Wollstonecraft on the French Revolution and Democracy.Daniel I. O'Neill - 2007 - Journal of the History of Ideas 68 (3):451-476.
    This article is the first in-depth analysis of the direct intellectual engagement between one of America's most important Founding Fathers, John Adams, and the work of the leading modern feminist, Mary Wollstonecraft. It draws on the first complete transcription of Adams's marginalia in his copy of Wollstonecraft's French Revolution to argue that these two thinkers disagreed profoundly in their respective assessments of the watershed event of political modernity due to their divergent interpretations of the relationship between human nature, history, and (...)
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  42.  37
    Impartial Reason by Stephen Darwall. [REVIEW]Onora O'Neill - 1986 - Journal of Philosophy 83 (1):60-64.
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  43.  8
    5. Autonomy and the Fact of Reason in the Kritik der praktischen Vernunft (§§ 7 – 8: 30 – 41).Onora O'Neill - 2002 - In Otfried Höffe (ed.), Immanuel Kant: Kritik der Praktischen Vernunft. Berlin: Akademie Verlag. pp. 71-85.
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  44.  14
    Structure, Flow, and Balance in Montaigne's Essay" Of Idleness'.John O'Neill - 2001 - In Steve Martinot (ed.), Maps and mirrors: topologies of art and politics. Evanston, Ill.: Northwestern University Press. pp. 28.
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  45. A Kantian Approach to Famine Relief.Onora O'Neill - 1986 - In Tom Regan (ed.), Matters of Life and Death: New Introductory Essays in Moral Philosophy. pp. 322-329.
  46.  51
    Adorno, culture, and feminism.Maggie O'Neill (ed.) - 1999 - Thousand Oaks, Calif.: SAGE Publications.
    Adorno, Culture and Feminism brings Adorno's work and feminism together, and explores how feminism can both harness and develop Adorno's ideas. The picture that emerges displays how gendered relations and cultural practices and texts operate today, and the relevance of critical theory for contemporary feminisms. Adorno's work on the scale of inequality and repression in the administered society is presented as matching the feminist understanding of the unequal balance of power between the sexes. This volume shows how Adorno's central concepts (...)
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  47. Attitudes to physician and family assisted suicide: results from a study of public attitudes in Britain.C. O'Neill - 2002 - Journal of Medical Ethics 28 (1):52-52.
    Legalisation of assisted suicide presents a dilemma for society. This arises because of a lack of consensus regarding the precedence to be accorded freedom of choice versus the inviolability of human life. A combination of factors has served to throw this dilemma into sharper focus in recent times. These include population aging,1,2 increased openness regarding end-of-life care,3 development of patients' rights, and increasing secularisation and multiculturalism in society. Against this backdrop and within a context where several countries have addressed legislation (...)
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  48.  36
    Plural and Conflicting Values.Onora O'Neill - 1991 - Philosophical Quarterly 41 (164):370-372.
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  49. Law and Gynesis: Freud v. Schreber.John O'Neill - 1992 - In Philippa Berry & Andrew Wernick (eds.), Shadow of spirit: postmodernism and religion. New York: Routledge. pp. 238--249.
     
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  50. Lost in the post.John O'Neill - 1998 - In Chris Rojek, Bryan S. Turner & Jean-François Lyotard (eds.), The politics of Jean-François Lyotard. New York: Routledge. pp. 13--128.
     
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