Results for 'Kevin O���Neill'

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  1. Norms Affect Prospective Causal Judgments.Paul Henne, Kevin O’Neill, Paul Bello, Sangeet Khemlani & Felipe De Brigard - 2021 - Cognitive Science 45 (1):e12931.
    People more frequently select norm-violating factors, relative to norm- conforming ones, as the cause of some outcome. Until recently, this abnormal-selection effect has been studied using retrospective vignette-based paradigms. We use a novel set of video stimuli to investigate this effect for prospective causal judgments—i.e., judgments about the cause of some future outcome. Four experiments show that people more frequently select norm- violating factors, relative to norm-conforming ones, as the cause of some future outcome. We show that the abnormal-selection effects (...)
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  2.  2
    Confidence and Gradation in Causal Judgment.Kevin O'Neill, Paul Henne, Paul Bello, John Pearson & Felipe De Brigard - 2022 - Cognition 223:105036.
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  3.  14
    Double Prevention, Causal Judgments, and Counterfactuals.Paul Henne & Kevin O'Neill - 2022 - Cognitive Science 46 (5):e13127.
    Cognitive Science, Volume 46, Issue 5, May 2022.
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  4.  15
    Facing Risk: Levinas, Ethnography, and Ethics.Peter Benson & Kevin Lewis O'neill - 2007 - Anthropology of Consciousness 18 (2):29-55.
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  5.  21
    The Problem of Balance in Philosophy of Religion.Kevin David O’Neill - 1968 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 42:119.
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  6. Disciplining the Dead.Kevin O'neill - 1999 - In Gail Weiss & Honi Fern Haber (eds.), Perspectives on Embodiment: The Intersections of Nature and Culture. Routledge.
     
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  7.  26
    Law, Order, and Disobedience: Some Reflections on the Relation Between Law and Conscience.Kevin D. O’Neill - 1970 - Southwestern Journal of Philosophy 1 (1/2):170-185.
  8.  28
    Undergraduate Apprentices in Introductory Philosophy Courses.Kevin O'Neill - 1988 - Teaching Philosophy 11 (1):55-61.
  9.  24
    Review: O'Neill, Bounds of Justice. [REVIEW]Kevin E. Dodson - 2003 - Kantian Review 7:149-152.
  10.  3
    Ethical Operating Systems.Kevin O’Neill, Jean-Claude Paquin, Atriya Sen, Selmer Bringsjord & Naveen Govindarajulu - 2018 - In Giuseppe Primiero & Liesbeth De Mol (eds.), Reflections on Programming Systems: Historical and Philosophical Aspects. Springer Verlag. pp. 235-260.
    A well-ingrained and recommended engineering practice in safety-critical software systems is to separate safety concerns from other aspects of the system. Along these lines, there have been calls for operating systems that implement ethical controls in an ethical layer separate from, and not amenable to tampering by, developers and modules in higher-level intelligence or cognition layers. There have been no implementations that demonstrate such a marshalling of ethical principles into an ethical layer. To address this, we present three different tracks (...)
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  11.  11
    Two Challenges for a Dual System Approach to Temporal Cognition.Felipe De Brigard & Kevin O'Neill - 2019 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 42.
    Hoerl & McCormack propose a two-system account of temporal cognition. We suggest that, following other classic proposals where cognitive systems are putatively independent, H&M's two-system hypothesis should, at a minimum, involve a difference in the nature of the representations upon which each system operates, and a difference in the computations they carry out. In this comment we offer two challenges aimed at showing that H&M's proposal does not meet the minimal requirements and.
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  12.  1
    On Hunting.Kevin Lewis O’Neill - 2017 - Critical Inquiry 43 (3):697-718.
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  13.  30
    Anthropological Perspectives on Genocide Alexander Laban Hinton and Kevin Lewis O'Neill, Eds., Genocide: Truth, Memory, and Representation: Durham and London: Duke University Press, 2009. [REVIEW]Joyce Apsel - 2010 - Human Rights Review 11 (4):581-584.
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  14. Risky Decision Making Under Stressful Conditions: Men and Women With Smaller Cortisol Elevations Make Riskier Social and Economic Decisions.Anna J. Dreyer, Dale Stephen, Robyn Human, Tarah L. Swanepoel, Leanne Adams, Aimee O'Neill, W. Jake Jacobs & Kevin G. F. Thomas - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    Men often make riskier decisions than women across a wide range of real-life behaviors. Whether this sex difference is accentuated, diminished, or stable under stressful conditions is, however, contested in the scientific literature. A critical blind spot lies amid this contestation: Most studies use standardized, laboratory-based, cognitive measures of decision making rather than complex real-life social simulation tasks to assess risk-related behavior. To address this blind spot, we investigated the effects of acute psychosocial stress on risk decision making in men (...)
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  15.  11
    Bounds of Justice. By Onora O'Neill. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000. Ix + 219 Pp. ISBN 0-521-44232-X. £35.00. [REVIEW]Kevin E. Dodson - 2003 - Kantian Review 7:149-152.
  16.  37
    A Question of Trust: The Bbc Reith Lectures 2002.Onora O'Neill - 2002 - Cambridge University Press.
    We say we can no longer trust our public services, institutions or the people who run them. The professionals we have to rely on - politicians, doctors, scientists, businessmen and many others - are treated with suspicion. Their word is doubted, their motives questioned. Whether real or perceived, this crisis of trust has a debilitating impact on society and democracy. Can trust be restored by making people and institutions more accountable? Or do complex systems of accountability and control themselves damage (...)
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  17.  4
    Constructing Authorities: Reason, Politics and Interpretation in Kant's Philosophy.Onora O'Neill - 2015 - Cambridge University Press.
    This collection of essays brings together the central lines of thought in Onora O'Neill's work on Kant's philosophy, developed over many years. Challenging the claim that Kant's attempt to provide a critique of reason fails because it collapses into a dogmatic argument from authority, O'Neill shows why Kant held that we must construct, rather than assume, the authority of reason, and how this can be done by ensuring that anything we offer as reasons can be followed by others, including others (...)
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  18.  34
    II–Onora O’Neill.Onora O’Neill - 1998 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 72 (1):211-228.
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  19.  51
    Kant on Duties Regarding Nonrational Nature: Onora O’Neill.Onora O'neill - 1998 - Supplement to the Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 72 (1):211-228.
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  20. Discussion of J. Kevin O’Regan’s “Why Red Doesn’T Sound Like a Bell: Understanding the Feel of Consciousness”.J. Kevin O’Regan & Ned Block - 2012 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 3 (1):89-108.
    Discussion of J. Kevin O’Regan’s “Why Red Doesn’t Sound Like a Bell: Understanding the Feel of Consciousness” Content Type Journal Article Pages 1-20 DOI 10.1007/s13164-012-0090-7 Authors J. Kevin O’Regan, Laboratoire Psychologie de la Perception, CNRS - Université Paris Descartes, Centre Biomédical des Saints Pères, 45 rue des Sts Pères, 75270 Paris cedex 06, France Ned Block, Departments of Philosophy, Psychology and Center for Neural Science, New York University, 5 Washington Place, New York, NY 10003, USA Journal Review of (...)
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  21.  1
    Property-Owning Democracy: Rawls and Beyond.Martin O'Neill & Thad Williamson (eds.) - 2012 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    Property-Owning Democracy: Rawls and Beyond features a collection of original essays that represent the first extended treatment of political philosopher John Rawls' idea of a property-owning democracy. Offers new and essential insights into Rawls's idea of "property-owning democracy" Addresses the proposed political and economic institutions and policies which Rawls's theory would require Considers radical alternatives to existing forms of capitalism Provides a major contribution to debates among progressive policymakers and activists about the programmatic direction progressive politics should take in the (...)
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  22.  27
    Future Generations: Present Harms: John O'Neill.John O'neill - 1993 - Philosophy 68 (263):35-51.
    There is a special problem with respect to our obligations to future generations which is that we can benefit or harm them but that they cannot benefit or harm us. Goodin summarizes the point well: No analysis of intergenerational justice that is cast even vaguely in terms of reciprocity can hope to succeed. The reason is the one which Addison… puts into the mouth of an Old Fellow of College, who when he was pressed by the Society to come into (...)
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  23. Linking Trust to Trustworthiness.Onora O’Neill - 2018 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 26 (2):293-300.
    Trust is valuable when placed in trustworthy agents and activities, but damaging or costly when placed in untrustworthy agents and activities. So it is puzzling that much contemporary work on trust – such as that based on polling evidence – studies generic attitudes of trust in types of agent, institution or activity in complete abstraction from any account of trustworthiness. Information about others’ generic attitudes of trust or mistrust that take no account of evidence whether those attitudes are well or (...)
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  24.  4
    Justice Across Boundaries: Whose Obligations?Onora O'Neill - 2016 - Cambridge University Press.
    Who ought to do what, and for whom, if global justice is to progress? In this collection of essays on justice beyond borders, Onora O'Neill criticises theoretical approaches that concentrate on rights, yet ignore both the obligations that must be met to realise those rights, and the capacities needed by those who shoulder these obligations. She notes that states are profoundly anti-cosmopolitan institutions, and that even those committed to justice and universal rights often lack the competence and the will to (...)
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  25.  1
    Social Inequality in a Portuguese Hamlet: Land, Late Marriage, and Bastardy, 1870–1978.Brian Juan O'Neill - 2007 - Cambridge University Press.
    The traditional image of northern Iberian mountain settlements is that they are largely egalitarian, homogeneous, and survivals of archaic forms of 'agrarian collectivism'. In this book, based both on extensive fieldwork and detailed study of local records, Brian Juan O'Neill offers a different perspective, questioning prevailing views on both empirical as well as theoretical and methodological grounds. Through a detailed examination of three major areas of social life - land tenure, cooperative labour exchanges, and marriage and inheritance practices - in (...)
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  26.  3
    II–John O’Neill: Rational Choice and Unified Social Science.John O’Neill - 1998 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 72 (1):173-188.
  27.  57
    Property-Owning Democracy: Rawls and Beyond.Martin O'Neill & Thad Williamson (eds.) - 2012 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    A collection of original essays that represent the first extended treatment of political philosopher John Rawls' idea of a property-owning democracy.
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  28.  23
    Against Reductionist Explanations of Human Behaviour: John O’Neill.John O'neill - 1998 - Supplement to the Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 72 (1):173-188.
    [John Dupré] This paper attacks some prominent contemporary attempts to provide reductive accounts of ever wider areas of human behaviour. In particular, I shall address the claims of sociobiology to provide a universal account of human nature, and attempts to subsume ever wider domains of behaviour within the scope of economics. I shall also consider some recent suggestions as to how these approaches might be integrated. Having rejected the imperialistic ambitions of these approaches, I shall briefly advocate a more pluralistic (...)
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  29.  35
    Against Reductionist Explanations of Human Behaviour: John O'Neill.John O'Neill - 1998 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 72 (1):173-188.
    [John Dupré] This paper attacks some prominent contemporary attempts to provide reductive accounts of ever wider areas of human behaviour. In particular, I shall address the claims of sociobiology (or evolutionary psychology) to provide a universal account of human nature, and attempts to subsume ever wider domains of behaviour within the scope of economics. I shall also consider some recent suggestions as to how these approaches might be integrated. Having rejected the imperialistic ambitions of these approaches, I shall briefly advocate (...)
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  30.  53
    Markets, Socialism, and Information: A Reformulation of a Marxian Objection to the Market*: JOHN O'NEILL.John O'Neill - 1989 - Social Philosophy and Policy 6 (2):200-210.
    One of the paradoxes of recent political and economic theory is that, in spite of a period of extended economic difficulty, there has been a growing consensus concerning the virtues of the market economy. In particular, there has been a trend in socialist theory to argue that not only are socialism and the market not incompatible, but that some version of market socialism is the only feasible, practicable, and ethically and politically desirable form of socialism. Notable proponents of this view (...)
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  31. Herlinde Pauer-Studer on Tugend Und Gerechtigkeit: Eine Konstruktive Darstellung des Praktischen Denkens by Onora O'Neill (Towards Justice and Virtue: A Constructive Account of Practical Reasoning).O. O'Neill - 1997 - European Journal of Philosophy 5:331-333.
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  32. Political Liberalism and Public Reason: A Critical Notice of John Rawls, Political Liberalism.Onora O'Neill - 1997 - Philosophical Review 106 (3):411-428.
    Rawls hoped to meet these critics on their own ground by accepting that a comprehensive liberal position cannot be vindicated and by showing how a less ambitious, merely political, version of liberalism could be vindicated. His conception of political liberalism was less ambitious in two ways. In the first place its substantive normative claims were confined to the domain of politics: all he aspired to was a liberal theory of justice. Secondly, he argued that liberalism could dispense with metaphysical and (...)
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  33.  19
    The Stratification of Behaviour.John O'Neill - 1967 - Philosophy 42 (159):86-87.
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  34.  14
    Confession as Artifice in the Plays of Eugene O'Neill.Michael O'neill - 1987 - Renascence 39 (3):430-441.
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  35. Autonomy and Trust in Bioethics.Onora O'Neill - 2002 - Cambridge University Press.
    Why has autonomy been a leading idea in philosophical writing on bioethics, and why has trust been marginal? In this important book, Onora O'Neill suggests that the conceptions of individual autonomy so widely relied on in bioethics are philosophically and ethically inadequate, and that they undermine rather than support relations of trust. She shows how Kant's non-individualistic view of autonomy provides a stronger basis for an approach to medicine, science and biotechnology, and does not marginalize untrustworthiness, while also explaining why (...)
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  36.  27
    Impartial Reason.Onora O'Neill - 1986 - Journal of Philosophy 83 (1):60-64.
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  37. Constructions of Reason: Explorations of Kant's Practical Philosophy.Onora O'Neill - 1989 - Cambridge University Press.
    Two centuries after they were published, Kant's ethical writings are as much admired and imitated as they have ever been, yet serious and long-standing accusations of internal incoherence remain unresolved. Onora O'Neill traces the alleged incoherences to attempts to assimilate Kant's ethical writings to modern conceptions of rationality, action and rights. When the temptation to assimilate is resisted, a strikingly different and more cohesive account of reason and morality emerges. Kant offers a "constructivist" vindication of reason and a moral vision (...)
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  38.  19
    Educational Ideologies: Contemporary Expressions of Educational Philosophy.William F. O'Neill - 1981
    An overview of the significant ideological options in American educational philosophy focusing mainly on contemporary public education in the United States. Part I presents the Educational Ideologies Inventory, a diagnostic test derived from the conceptual model of six basic educational ideologies, defines key terms and discusses the relationship between philosophy and education. Part II identifies and defines the three conservative ideologies: educational fundamentalism, intellectualism and conservatism. Part III examines the three liberal ideologies: educational liberalism, liberationism and anarchism. Part IV provides (...)
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  39.  1
    Reclaiming “Natural Partnership and Communication”.Brett O’Neill - forthcoming - Journal of Religious Ethics.
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  40.  11
    The Lancet–O’Neill Institute/Georgetown University Commission on Global Health and Law: The Power of Law to Advance the Right to Health.Jenny C. Kaldor, Lawrence O. Gostin, John T. Monahan & Katie Gottschalk - 2020 - Public Health Ethics 13 (1):9-15.
    The Lancet–O’Neill Institute/Georgetown University Commission on Global Health and Law published its report on the Legal Determinants of Health in 2019. The term ‘legal determinants of health’ draws attention to the power of law to influence upstream social and economic influences on population health. In this article, we introduce the Commission, including its background and rationale, set out its methodology, summarize its key findings and recommendations and reflect on its impact since publication. We also look to the future, making suggestions (...)
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  41.  65
    Towards Justice and Virtue: A Constructive Account of Practical Reasoning.Tamar Schapiro & Onora O'Neill - 1999 - Philosophical Review 108 (1):97.
    Towards Justice and Virtue is Onora O’Neill’s most developed account thus far of her distinctive approach to moral and political philosophy. Readers who are already familiar with O’Neill’s articles and her two previous books will appreciate the way it brings together in one sustained and rigorous argument the various themes which have occupied her attention over the years. Those who are new to O’Neill’s work will find in it a lucid, accessible, and provocative challenge to contemporary ethical theories.
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  42.  9
    Margaret Cavendish: Observations Upon Experimental Philosophy.Eileen O'Neill (ed.) - 2001 - Cambridge University Press.
    Margaret Cavendish's 1668 edition of Observations upon Experimental Philosophy, presented here in a 2001 edition, holds a unique position in early modern philosophy. Cavendish rejects the Aristotelianism which was taught in the universities in the seventeenth century, and the picture of nature as a grand machine which was propounded by Hobbes, Descartes and members of the Royal Society of London, such as Boyle. She also rejects the views of nature which make reference to immaterial spirits. Instead she develops an original (...)
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  43. Constructions of Reason: Explorations of Kant's Practical Philosophy.Onora O'Neill - 1989 - Cambridge University Press.
    Two centuries after they were published, Kant's ethical writings are as much admired and imitated as they have ever been, yet serious and long-standing accusations of internal incoherence remain unresolved. Onora O'Neill traces the alleged incoherences to attempt to assimilate Kant's ethical writings to modern conceptions of rationality, action and rights. When the temptation to assimilate is resisted, a strikingly different and more cohesive account of reason and morality emerges. Kant offers a `constructivist' vindication of reason and a moral vision (...)
     
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  44. Towards Justice and Virtue: A Constructive Account of Practical Reasoning.Onora O'Neill - 1996 - Cambridge University Press.
    Towards Justice and Virtue challenges the rivalry between those who advocate only abstract, universal principles of justice and those who commend only the particularities of virtuous lives. Onora O'Neill traces this impasse to defects in underlying conceptions of reasoning about action. She proposes and vindicates a modest account of ethical reasoning and a reasoned way of answering the question 'who counts?', then uses these to construct linked accounts of principles by which we can move towards just institutions and virtuous lives.
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  45. Onora O'Neill: Constructions of Reason. Explorations of Kant's Practical Philosophy, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge 1989, 249 S. [REVIEW]O. Höffe - 1993 - Philosophische Rundschau 40 (1-2):83-86.
     
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  46.  20
    Plural and Conflicting Values.Onora O'Neill - 1991 - Philosophical Quarterly 41 (164):370-372.
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  47.  46
    O'Neill and Korsgaard on the Construction of Normativity.Eric Watkins & William Fitzpatrick - 2002 - Journal of Value Inquiry 36 (2-3):349-367.
  48.  10
    Bounds of Justice.Onora O'Neill - 2000 - Cambridge University Press.
    In this collection of essays Onora O'Neill explores and argues for an account of justice that is fundamentally cosmopolitan rather than civic, yet takes serious account of institutions and boundaries, and of human diversity and vulnerability. Starting from conceptions that are central to any account of justice - those of reason, action, judgement, coercion, obligations and rights - she discusses whether and how culturally or politically specific concepts and views, which limit the claims and scope of justice, can be avoided. (...)
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  49.  1
    Eugene O'neill and Oriental Thought a Divided Vision.James A. Robinson - 1982
    “Off and on, of late years, I have studied the history and development of all religions with immense interest as being for me, at least, the most illuminating ‘case histories’ of the inner life of man.”—Eugene O’Neill writing to M. C. Sparrow, 1929 While it is commonly accepted that Eu­gene O’Neill studied Oriental mystical religions and that this study may be detected in some of his less successful experimental plays there has not been an effort to con­sider systematically his “immense (...)
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  50. Kant on Duties Regarding Nonrational Nature.Allen W. Wood & Onora O'neill - 1998 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, Supplementary Volumes 72:189-228.
    [Allen W. Wood] Kant's moral philosophy is grounded on the dignity of humanity as its sole fundamental value, and involves the claim that human beings are to be regarded as the ultimate end of nature. It might be thought that a theory of this kind would be incapable of grounding any conception of our relation to other living things or to the natural world which would value nonhuman creatures or respect humanity's natural environment. This paper criticizes Kant's argumentative strategy for (...)
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