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  1.  24
    What Will It Take to Address the Global Threat of Antibiotic Resistance?Steven J. Hoffman & Kevin Outterson - 2015 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 43 (2):363-368.
    In March 2015, the Dag Hammarskjöld Foundation convened a workshop in Uppsala, Sweden to address questions about antibiotic resistance, in partnership with the Global Strategy Lab, the Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics, the Norwegian Institute of Public Health, and ReAct – Action on Antibiotic Resistance. Eleven concise articles were commissioned to explore whether ABR depended on global collective action, and if so, what tools could help states and non-state actors to achieve it. This article introduces that collection, which is (...)
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  2.  9
    A Perspective on Incentives for Novel Inpatient Antibiotics: No One-Size-Fits-All.Taimur Bhatti, Ka Lum, Silas Holland, Stephanie Sassman, David Findlay & Kevin Outterson - 2018 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 46 (s1):59-65.
    The need for new “pull” incentives to stimulate antibiotic R&D is widely recognized. Due to the global diversity of health systems, combined with different challenges faced by antibiotics used in different types of healthcare settings, there is no one-size-fits-all solution. Instead, different “pull” incentives should be tailored to local contexts, priorities, and antibiotic types. Policymakers and industry should collaborate to identify appropriate solutions at the local, regional, and global levels.
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  3.  72
    The Ethics of Poverty Tourism.Kevin Outterson & Evan Selinger - 2010 - Environmental Philosophy 7 (2):93-114.
    Poverty tours - actual visits as well as literary and cinematic versions - are characterized as morally controversial trips and condemned in the press as voyeuristic endeavors. In this collaborative essay, we draw from personal experience, legal expertise, and phenomenological philosophy and introduce a conceptual taxonomy that clarifies the circumstances in which observing others has been construed as an immoral use of the gaze. We appeal to this taxonomy to determine which observational circumstances are relevant to the poverty tourism debate. (...)
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  4.  27
    What Will it Take to Address the Global Threat of Antibiotic Resistance?Steven J. Hoffman & Kevin Outterson - 2015 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 43 (s3):6-11.
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  5.  46
    Approval and Withdrawal of New Antibiotics and Other Antiinfectives in the U.S., 1980–2009.Kevin Outterson, John H. Powers, Enrique Seoane-Vazquez, Rosa Rodriguez-Monguio & Aaron S. Kesselheim - 2013 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (3):688-696.
    Numerous reports have noted decreasing numbers of antibiotic approvals. To determine the context for this decline, we examined all new molecule entities (NMEs) and new biologic licenses (NBLs) approved by the FDA from 1980–2009, and compared approval rates of the 61 approved antibiotics to trends in other drug classes. We also tracked withdrawals of approved drugs and found more withdrawals for antibiotics than other drug classes. After adjusting for drugs subsequently withdrawn, the record for antibiotic innovation is less dire than (...)
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  6.  27
    Approval and Withdrawal of New Antibiotics and other Antiinfectives in the U.S., 1980–2009.Kevin Outterson, John H. Powers, Enrique Seoane-Vazquez, Rosa Rodriguez-Monguio & Aaron S. Kesselheim - 2013 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (3):688-696.
    Antibiotic use triggers evolutionary and ecological responses from bacteria, leading to antibiotic resistance and harmful patient outcomes. Two complementary strategies support long-term antibiotic effectiveness: conservation of existing therapies and production of novel antibiotics. Conservation encompasses infection control, antibiotic stewardship, and other public health interventions to prevent infection, which reduce antibiotic demand. Production of new antibiotics allows physicians to replace existing drugs rendered less effective by resistance.In recent years, physicians and policymakers have raised concerns about the pipeline for new antibiotics, pointing (...)
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  7.  4
    Global Pharmaceutical Markets.Kevin Outterson & Donald W. Light - 1998 - In Helga Kuhse & Peter Singer (eds.), A Companion to Bioethics. Malden, Mass., USA: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 417–429.
    This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction The Shipwreck of the Richmond and the Duty to Rescue The Ethics of Global Access to Essential Medicines Conclusion References.
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  8.  17
    Pharmaceutical Innovation: Law & the Public's Health.Kevin Outterson - 2009 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 37 (2):173-175.
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  9.  44
    The Ethics of Poverty Tourism.Evan Selinger & Kevin Outterson - 2010 - Environmental Philosophy 7 (2):93-114.
    Poverty tours—actual visits as well as literary and cinematic versions—are characterized as morally controversial trips and condemned in the press as voyeuristic endeavors. In this collaborative essay, we draw from personal experience, legal expertise, and phenomenological philosophy and introduce a conceptual taxonomy that clarifies the circumstances in which observing others has been construed as an immoral use of the gaze. We appeal to this taxonomy to determine which observational circumstances are ethically relevant to the poverty tourism debate. While we do (...)
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  10.  2
    Introduction: AMR Belongs in the Pandemic Instrument.Susan Rogers Van Katwyk & Kevin Outterson - 2022 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 50 (S2):6-8.
    In the wake of COVID-19, the World Health Organization established an Intergovernmental Negotiating Body to negotiate a new instrument for pandemic prevention, preparedness, and response. This special issue of the Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics brings together multidisciplinary scholarship to address the question of whether antimicrobial resistance should be included in this new instrument. Drawing from disciplines including law, anthropology, history, public health, public policy, economics, and veterinary medicine, this special issue explores the inclusion of AMR within the Pandemic (...)
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  11.  4
    A Pandemic Instrument Can Start Turning Collective Problems into Collective Solutions by Governing the Common-Pool Resource of Antimicrobial Effectiveness.Isaac Weldon, Kathy Liddell, Susan Rogers Van Katwyk, Steven J. Hoffman, Timo Minssen, Kevin Outterson, Stephanie Palmer, A. M. Viens & Jorge Viñuales - 2022 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 50 (S2):17-25.
    To address the complex challenge of global antimicrobial resistance (AMR), a pandemic treaty should include mechanisms that 1) equitably address the access gap for antimicrobials, diagnostic technologies, and alternative therapies; 2) equitably conserve antimicrobials to sustain effectiveness and access across time and space; 3) equitably finance the investment, discovery, development, and distribution of new technologies; and 4) equitably finance and establish greater upstream and midstream infection prevention measures globally. Biodiversity, climate, and nuclear governance offer lessons for addressing these challenges.
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  12.  49
    Poverty tourism and the problem of consent.Kyle Powys Whyte, Evan Selinger & Kevin Outterson - 2011 - Journal of Global Ethics 7 (3):337-348.
    Is it morally permissible for financially privileged tourists to visit places for the purpose of experiencing where poor people live, work, and play? Tourism associated with this question is commonly referred to as ?poverty tourism?. While some poverty tourism is plausibly ethical, other practices will be more controversial. The purpose of this essay is to address mutually beneficial cases of poverty tourism and advance the following positions. First, even mutually beneficial transactions between tourists and residents in poverty tourism always run (...)
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