Results for 'Kevin Queiroz'

1000+ found
Order:
  1. Species Concepts and Species Delimitation.Kevin de Queiroz - 2007 - Systematic Biology 56 (6):879-886.
  2. The General Lineage Concept of Species and the Defining Properties of the Species Category.Kevin de Queiroz - 1999 - In R. A. Wilson (ed.), Species: New Interdisciplinary Essays. MIT Press. pp. 49-89.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   68 citations  
  3. The General Lineage Concept of Species, Species Criteria, and the Process of Speciation.Kevin de Queiroz - 1998 - In D. J. Howard & S. H. Berlocher (eds.), Endless Forms: Species and Speciation. Oxford University Press. pp. 57-75.
  4. Phylogenetic Systematics and the Species Problem.Kevin De Queiroz & Michael J. Donoghue - 1988 - Cladistics 4:317-38.
  5.  34
    Phylogenetic Definitions and Taxonomic Philosophy.Kevin de Queiroz - 1992 - Biology and Philosophy 7 (3):295-313.
    An examination of the post-Darwinian history of biological taxonomy reveals an implicit assumption that the definitions of taxon names consist of lists of organismal traits. That assumption represents a failure to grant the concept of evolution a central role in taxonomy, and it causes conflicts between traditional methods of defining taxon names and evolutionary concepts of taxa. Phylogenetic definitions of taxon names (de Queiroz and Gauthier 1990) grant the concept of common ancestry a central role in the definitions of (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   16 citations  
  6.  50
    Systematics and the Darwinian Revolution.Kevin de Queiroz - 1988 - Philosophy of Science 55 (2):238-259.
    Taxonomies of living things and the methods used to produce them changed little with the institutionalization of evolutionary thinking in biology. Instead, the relationships expressed in existing taxonomies were merely reinterpreted as the result of evolution, and evolutionary concepts were developed to justify existing methods. I argue that the delay of the Darwinian Revolution in biological taxonomy has resulted partly from a failure to distinguish between two fundamentally different ways of ordering identified by Griffiths : classification and systematization. Classification consists (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   21 citations  
  7.  42
    Different Species Problems and Their Resolution.Kevin de Queiroz - 2005 - Bioessays 27 (12):1263-1269.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   17 citations  
  8.  30
    Phylogenetic Definitions and Taxonomic Philosophy.Kevin Queiroz - 1992 - Biology and Philosophy 7 (3):295-313.
    An examination of the post-Darwinian history of biological taxonomy reveals an implicit assumption that the definitions of taxon names consist of lists of organismal traits. That assumption represents a failure to grant the concept of evolution a central role in taxonomy, and it causes conflicts between traditional methods of defining taxon names and evolutionary concepts of taxa. Phylogenetic definitions of taxon names (de Queiroz and Gauthier 1990) grant the concept of common ancestry a central role in the definitions of (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  9.  27
    The Definition of Species and Clade Names: A Reply to Ghiselin. [REVIEW]Kevin De Queiroz - 1995 - Biology and Philosophy 10 (2):223-8.
  10.  11
    Ernst Mayr and the Modern Concept of Species.Kevin de Queiroz - 2005 - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 102 (1):6600-6607.
    Ernst Mayr played a central role in the establishment of the general concept of species as metapopulation lineages, and he is the author of one of the most popular of the numerous alternative definitions of the species category. Reconciliation of incompatible species definitions and the development of a unified species concept require rejecting the interpretation of various contingent properties of metapopulation lineages, including intrinsic reproductive isolation in Mayr's definition, as necessary properties of species. On the other hand, the general concept (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  11.  45
    The Definitions of Species and Clade Names: A Reply to Ghiselin. [REVIEW]Kevin Queiroz - 1995 - Biology and Philosophy 10 (2):223-228.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  12.  18
    Phylogenetic Systematics and Species Revisited.Kevin de Queiroz & Michael J. Donoghue - 1990 - Cladistics 6 (1):83-90.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  13.  66
    A Unified Concept of Species and Its Consequences for the Future of Taxonomy.Kevin de Queiroz - 2005 - Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences 56 (18):196-215.
  14.  12
    Systematics and the Darwinian Revolution.Kevin De Queiroz - 1988 - Philosophy of Science 55 (2):238-259.
    Taxonomies of living things and the methods used to produce them changed little with the institutionalization of evolutionary thinking in biology. Instead, the relationships expressed in existing taxonomies were merely reinterpreted as the result of evolution, and evolutionary concepts were developed to justify existing methods. I argue that the delay of the Darwinian Revolution in biological taxonomy has resulted partly from a failure to distinguish between two fundamentally different ways of ordering identified by Griffiths : classification and systematization. Classification consists (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  15. Replacement of an Essentialistic Perspective on Taxonomic Definitions as Exemplified by the Definition of 'Mammalia'.Kevin De Queiroz - 1994 - Systematic Biology 43:497-510.
    No categories
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  16.  23
    Philosophy and Phylogenetic Inference: A Comparison of Likelihood and Parsimony Methods in the Context of Karl Popper's Writings on Corroboration.Kevin de Queiroz & Steven Poe - 2001 - Systematic Biology 50 (3):305-321.
    Advocates of cladistic parsimony methods have invoked the philosophy of Karl Popper in an attempt to argue for the superiority of those methods over phylogenetic methods based on Ronald Fisher's statistical principle of likelihood. We argue that the concept of likelihood in general, and its application to problems of phylogenetic inference in particular, are highly compatible with Popper's philosophy. Examination of Popper's writings reveals that his concept of corroboration is, in fact, based on likelihood. Moreover, because probabilistic assumptions are necessary (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  17. Species: New Interdisciplinary Essays.Robert Andrew Wilson - 1999 - MIT Press.
    This collection of original essays--by philosophers of biology, biologists, and cognitive scientists--provides a wide range of perspectives on species. Including contributions from David Hull, John Dupre, David Nanney, Kevin de Queiroz, and Kim Sterelny, amongst others, this book has become especially well-known for the three essays it contains on the homeostatic property cluster view of natural kinds, papers by Richard Boyd, Paul Griffiths, and Robert A. Wilson.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   54 citations  
  18. Individuating Population Lineages: A New Genealogical Criterion.Beckett Sterner - 2017 - Biology and Philosophy 32 (5):683-703.
    Contemporary biology has inherited two key assumptions from the Modern Synthesis about the nature of population lineages: sexual reproduction is the exemplar for how individuals in population lineages inherit traits from their parents, and random mating is the exemplar for reproductive interaction. While these assumptions have been extremely fruitful for a number of fields, such as population genetics and phylogenetics, they are increasingly unviable for studying the full diversity and evolution of life. I introduce the “mixture” account of population lineages (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  19.  11
    Replacing Truth.Kevin Scharp - 2013 - Oxford, England: Oxford University Press UK.
    Kevin Scharp proposes an original theory of the nature and logic of truth on which truth is an inconsistent concept that should be replaced for certain theoretical purposes. He argues that truth is best understood as an inconsistent concept, and proposes a detailed theory of inconsistent concepts that can be applied to the case of truth. Truth also happens to be a useful concept, but its inconsistency inhibits its utility; as such, it should be replaced with consistent concepts that (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   108 citations  
  20. Discussion of J. Kevin O’Regan’s “Why Red Doesn’T Sound Like a Bell: Understanding the Feel of Consciousness”.J. Kevin O’Regan & Ned Block - 2012 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 3 (1):89-108.
    Discussion of J. Kevin O’Regan’s “Why Red Doesn’t Sound Like a Bell: Understanding the Feel of Consciousness” Content Type Journal Article Pages 1-20 DOI 10.1007/s13164-012-0090-7 Authors J. Kevin O’Regan, Laboratoire Psychologie de la Perception, CNRS - Université Paris Descartes, Centre Biomédical des Saints Pères, 45 rue des Sts Pères, 75270 Paris cedex 06, France Ned Block, Departments of Philosophy, Psychology and Center for Neural Science, New York University, 5 Washington Place, New York, NY 10003, USA Journal Review of (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  21. The Logic of Causal Inference: Econometrics and the Conditional Analysis of Causation: Kevin D. Hoover.Kevin D. Hoover - 1990 - Economics and Philosophy 6 (2):207-234.
    Discontented people might talk of corruption in the Commons, closeness in the Commons and the necessity of reforming the Commons, said Mr. Spenlow solemnly, in conclusion; but when the price of wheat per bushel had been the highest, the Commons had been the busiest; and a man might lay his hand upon his heart, and say this to the whole world, – ‘Touch the Commons, and down comes the country!’.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  22. Kevin Kubotas Lighting Notebook: 101 Lighting Styles and Setups for Digital Photographers.Kevin Kubota - 2011 - Wiley.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  23. Kevin T. Kelly and Oliver Schulte.Kevin Kelly - unknown
    We argue that uncomputability and classical scepticism are both re ections of inductive underdetermination, so that Church's thesis and Hume's problem ought to receive equal emphasis in a balanced approach to the philosophy of induction. As an illustration of such an approach, we investigate how uncomputable the predictions of a hypothesis can be if the hypothesis is to be reliably investigated by a computable scienti c method.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  24.  10
    Kevin Mintz and David Wasserman Reply.Kevin Mintz & David Wasserman - 2020 - Hastings Center Report 50 (2):46-47.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  25. Grounding Pluralism: Why and How.Kevin Richardson - 2020 - Erkenntnis 85 (6):1399-1415.
    Grounding pluralism is the view that there are multiple kinds of grounding. In this essay, I motivate and defend an explanation-theoretic view of grounding pluralism. Specifically, I argue that there are two kinds of grounding: why-grounding—which tells us why things are the case—and how-grounding—which tells us how things are the case.
    Direct download (2 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  26. Kevin Kelly, Oliver Schulte, Vincent Hendricks.Kevin Kelly - unknown
    Philosophical logicians proposing theories of rational belief revision have had little to say about whether their proposals assist or impede the agent's ability to reliably arrive at the truth as his beliefs change through time. On the other hand, reliability is the central concern of formal learning theory. In this paper we investigate the belief revision theory of Alchourron, Gardenfors and Makinson from a learning theoretic point of view.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  27.  73
    Neuroeconomics and the Economic Sciences: Kevin A. McCabe.Kevin A. McCabe - 2008 - Economics and Philosophy 24 (3):345-368.
    Neuroeconomics is the newest of the economic sciences with a focus on how the embodied human brain interacts with its institutional and social environment to make economic decisions. This paper presents an overview of neuroeconomics methods and reviews a number of results in this emerging field of study.
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   23 citations  
  28. Appearance and Explanation: Phenomenal Explanationism in Epistemology.Kevin McCain & Luca Moretti - 2021 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Phenomenal Conservatism (the view that an appearance that p gives one prima facie justification for believing that p) is a promising, and popular, internalist theory of epistemic justification. Despite its popularity, it faces numerous objections and challenges. For instance, epistemologists have argued that Phenomenal Conservatism is incompatible with Bayesianism, is afflicted by bootstrapping and cognitive penetration problems, does not guarantee that epistemic justification is a stable property, does not provide an account of defeat, and is not a complete theory of (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  29.  30
    Comments on Kevin Morris’ “The Exclusion Problem, Without the Exclusion Principle”.Kevin W. Sharpe - 2014 - Southwest Philosophy Review 30 (2):79-83.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  30.  1
    Philosophy and the Study of Religions: A Manifesto.Kevin Schilbrack - 2013 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    _Philosophy and the Study of Religions: A Manifesto_ advocates a radical transformation of the discipline from its current, narrow focus on questions of God, to a fully global form of critical reflection on religions in all their variety and dimensions. Opens the discipline of philosophy of religion to the religious diversity that characterizes the world today Builds bridges between philosophy of religion and the other interpretative and explanatory approaches in the field of religious studies Provides a manifesto for a global (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   18 citations  
  31. Water is and is Not H 2 O.Kevin P. Tobia, George E. Newman & Joshua Knobe - 2020 - Mind and Language 35 (2):183-208.
    The Twin Earth thought experiment invites us to consider a liquid that has all of the superficial properties associated with water (clear, potable, etc.) but has entirely different deeper causal properties (composed of “XYZ” rather than of H2O). Although this thought experiment was originally introduced to illuminate questions in the theory of reference, it has also played a crucial role in empirically informed debates within the philosophy of psychology about people’s ordinary natural kind concepts. Those debates have sought to accommodate (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   14 citations  
  32.  1
    Sense and Nonsense: Evolutionary Perspectives on Human Behaviour.Kevin N. Laland & Gillian R. Brown - 2002 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Can evolutionary theory really help us to understand human behaviour? Sense and Nonsense provides an exciting and readable introduction to evolutionary theory. Including profiles of the major protagonists, the book provides the first balanced account of evolutionary theory, and all its faults. The result, is a highly accessible and fascinating account of some of the fierce debates in the scientific world.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   46 citations  
  33. Production, Distribution, and J. S. Mill: Kevin Vallier.Kevin Vallier - 2010 - Utilitas 22 (2):103-125.
    J. S. Mill's role as a transitional figure between classical and egalitarian liberalism can be partly explained by developments in his often unappreciated economic views. Specifically, I argue that Mill's separation of economic production and distribution had an important effect on his political theory. Mill made two distinctions between economic production and the distribution of wealth. I argue that these separations helped lead Mill to abandon the wages-fund doctrine and adopt a more favorable view of organized labor. I also show (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  34.  29
    An Interview with Kevin Corrigan.Kevin Corrigan & Suzanne Stern-Gillet - 2018 - International Journal of the Platonic Tradition 12 (1):103-110.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  35. The Constitution of Social Practices.Kevin McMillan - 2017 - Milton Park, UK; New York, USA: Routledge.
    Practices – specific, recurrent types of human action and activity – are perhaps the most fundamental "building blocks" of social reality. This book argues that the detailed empirical study of practices is essential to effective social-scientific inquiry. It develops a philosophical infrastructure for understanding human practices, and argues that practice theory should be the analytical centrepiece of social theory and the philosophy of the social sciences. -/- What would social scientists’ research look like if they took these insights seriously? To (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  36.  11
    Interview with Kevin Harris.Kevin Harrisa - 2021 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 53 (3):209-216.
  37. Semiosis as an Emergent Process.João Queiroz & Charbel Niño El-Hani - 2006 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 42 (1):78-116.
    In this paper, we intend to discuss if and in what sense semiosis can be regarded as an "emergent" process in semiotic systems. It is not our problem here to answer when or how semiosis emerged in nature. As a prerequisite for the very formulation of these problems, we are rather interested in discussing the conditions which should be fulfilled for semiosis to be characterized as an emergent process. The first step in this work is to summarize a systematic analysis (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   15 citations  
  38.  35
    Political Utopias: Contemporary Debates.Kevin Vallier & Michael Weber (eds.) - 2017 - Oup Usa.
    Contemporary political philosophers disagree about whether theories of justice should be utopian or realistic. Contributors to this volume largely deny that the choice between realism and idealism is binary. Their contributions represent a continuum between realism and idealism that best represents the contemporary state of the debate.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  39. Semiosis as an Emergent Process.João Queiroz & Charbel Niño El-Hani - 2006 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 42 (1):78-116.
    : In this paper, we intend to discuss if and in what sense semiosis (meaning process, cf. C. S. Peirce) can be regarded as an "emergent" process in semiotic systems. It is not our problem here to answer when or how semiosis emerged in nature. As a prerequisite for the very formulation of these problems, we are rather interested in discussing the conditions which should be fulfilled for semiosis to be characterized as an emergent process. The first step in this (...)
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   22 citations  
  40. Why Explanatoriness Is Evidentially Relevant.Kevin McCain & Ted Poston - 2014 - Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 3 (2):145-153.
    William Roche and Elliott Sober argue that explanatoriness is evidentially irrelevant. This conclusion is surprising since it conflicts with a plausible assumption—the fact that a hypothesis best explains a given set of data is evidence that the hypothesis is true. We argue that Roche and Sober's screening-off argument fails to account for a key aspect of evidential strength: the weight of a body of evidence. The weight of a body of evidence affects the resiliency of probabilities in the light of (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   25 citations  
  41.  64
    Water is and is Not H 2 O.Kevin P. Tobia, George E. Newman & Joshua Knobe - 2020 - Mind and Language 35 (2):183-208.
    The Twin Earth thought experiment invites us to consider a liquid that has all of the superficial properties associated with water (clear, potable, etc.) but has entirely different deeper causal properties (composed of “XYZ” rather than of H2O). Debates about natural kind concepts have sought to accommodate an apparent fact about ordinary people's judgments: Intuitively, the Twin Earth liquid is not water. We present results showing that people do not have this intuition. Instead, people tend to judge that there is (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   13 citations  
  42. City Sense and City Design: Writings and Projects of Kevin Lynch.Kevin Lynch - 1990 - MIT Press.
    A collection completing the record of one of the foremost environmental design theorists of our time.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  43.  5
    Ontology, Missiology, and the Travail of Christian Doctrine: A Conversation with Kevin Hector’s Theology Without Metaphysics.Kevin J. Vanhoozer - 2013 - Journal of Analytic Theology 1:108-119.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  44. Book Review: Balance of Philosophical and Practice: Reviewed by Kevin R. Stoner. [REVIEW]Kevin R. Stoner - 1993 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 8 (1):58 – 60.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  45.  70
    Physicalism Deconstructed: Levels of Reality and the Mind–Body Problem.Kevin Morris - 2018 - Cambridge University Press.
    How should thought and consciousness be understood within a view of the world as being through-and-through physical? Many philosophers have proposed non-reductive, levels-based positions, according to which the physical domain is fundamental, while thought and consciousness are higher-level processes, dependent on and determined by physical processes. In this book, Kevin Morris's careful philosophical and historical critique shows that it is very difficult to make good metaphysical sense of this idea - notions like supervenience, physical realization, and grounding all fail (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  46.  10
    Current Controversies in Values and Science.Kevin C. Elliott & Daniel Steel (eds.) - 2016 - Routledge.
    _Current Controversies in Values and Science_ asks ten philosophers to debate five questions that are driving contemporary work in this important area of philosophy of science. The book is perfect for the advanced student, building up her knowledge of the foundations of the field while also engaging its most cutting-edge questions. Introductions and annotated bibliographies for each debate, preliminary descriptions of each chapter, study questions, and a supplemental guide to further controversies involving values in science help provide clearer and richer (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  47.  35
    Qualified to Speak: Rush Rhees on the Subject of Euthanasia: Kevin Fitzpatrick.Kevin Fitzpatrick - 2013 - Philosophy 88 (4):575-592.
    The latest attempt by a determined, well-resourced lobby to introduce a law to permit assisted suicide/euthanasia in the UK was announced 15 May 2013 in the House of Lords. There are many dangerous facets to their arguments, not least of which is the rôle they cast for doctors in this debate. Rush Rhees' remarks on the topic display a depth that is lacking in the current debate in the public square, which needs to be lifted from its current low level. (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  48.  6
    Trust in a Polarized Age.Kevin Vallier - 2020 - Oup Usa.
    Americans today don't trust each other and their institutions as much as they once did, fueling destructive ideological conflicts and hardened partisanship. In Trust in a Polarized Age, political philosopher Kevin Vallier argues that to build social trust and reduce polarization, we must strengthen liberal democratic institutions--high-quality governance, procedural fairness, markets, social welfare programs, freedom of association, and democracy. These institutions not only create trust, they do so justly, by recognizing and respecting our basic rights.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  49.  22
    Stanley L. Jaki's Critique of Physics: KEVIN J. SHARPE.Kevin J. Sharpe - 1982 - Religious Studies 18 (1):55-75.
    Disorder and suffering are increasing significantly in our society. Violent crime, unemployment, escape through drug-taking are all on the increase. It is apparent, also, that much of this disorder and suffering, and the anxiety it fosters, is rooted in science and its technological off-spring. The un-employment produced by a micro-technology is only one small example. It is also apparent that one of the principal foundation stones for the scientific enterprise was Christianity.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  50.  54
    Empirical Studies on Truth and the Project of Re‐Engineering Truth.Kevin Reuter & Georg Brun - 2021 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 2106 (3):493-517.
    Most philosophers have largely downplayed any relevance of multiple meanings of the folk concept of truth in the empirical domain. However, confusions about what truth is have surged in political and everyday discourse. In order to resolve these confusions, we argue that we need a more accurate picture of how the term ‘true’ is in fact used. Our experimental studies reveal that the use of ‘true’ shows substantial variance within the empirical domain, indicating that ‘true’ is ambiguous between a correspondence (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
1 — 50 / 1000