Results for 'KieranVE Aarons'

990 found
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  1.  40
    Belief: A Pragmatic Picture.Aaron Zimmerman - 2018 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Aaron Zimmerman presents a new pragmatist account of belief, in terms of information poised to guide our more attentive, controlled actions. And he explores the consequences of this account for our understanding of the relation between psychology and philosophy, the mind and brain, the nature of delusion, faith, pretence, racism, and more.
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  2. Systematicity and Skepticism.Aaron Segal - 2024 - American Philosophical Quarterly 64 (1):1-18.
    The fact that philosophy is systematic—that philosophical issues are thoroughly interconnected—was a commonplace among nineteenth century idealists, then neglected by analytic philosophers throughout much of the twentieth century, and has now finally started to get some renewed attention. But other than calling attention to the fact, few philosophers have tried to say what it consists in, or what its implications are. -/- I argue that the systematicity of philosophy has disastrous epistemological implications. In particular, it implies philosophical skepticism: philosophers are (...)
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  3. An alternative to working on machine consciousness.Aaron Sloman - 2010 - International Journal of Machine Consciousness 2 (1):1-18.
    This paper extends three decades of work arguing that researchers who discuss consciousness should not restrict themselves only to (adult) human minds, but should study (and attempt to model) many kinds of minds, natural and artificial, thereby contributing to our understanding of the space containing all of them. We need to study what they do or can do, how they can do it, and how the natural ones can be emulated in synthetic minds. That requires: (a) understanding sets of requirements (...)
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  4. Composition as General Identity.Aaron J. Cotnoir - 2008 - In Dean W. Zimmerman (ed.), Oxford Studies in Metaphysics. Oxford University Press. pp. 294-322.
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  5.  34
    Are delusions biologically adaptive? Salvaging the doxastic shear pin.Aaron L. Mishara & Phil Corlett - 2010 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (6):530–531.
    In their target article, McKay & Dennett (M&D) conclude that only “positive illusions” are adaptive misbeliefs. Relying on overly strict conceptual schisms (deficit vs. motivational, functional vs. organic, perception vs. belief), they prematurely discount delusions asbiologicallyadaptive. In contrast to their view that “motivation” plays a psychological but not a biological function in a two-factor model of the forming and maintenance of delusions, we propose asingleimpairment in prediction-error–driven (i.e., motivational) learning in three stages in which delusions play a biologically adaptive role.
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  6.  6
    Surfing with Sartre: an aquatic inquiry into a life of meaning.Aaron James - 2017 - New York: Doubleday.
    From the bestselling author of Assholes: A Theory, a book that--in the tradition of Shopclass as Soulcraft, Barbarian Days and Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance--uses the experience and the ethos of surfing to explore key concepts in philosophy. The existentialist philosopher Jean-Paul Sartre once declared "the ideal limit of aquatic sports...is waterskiing." The avid surfer and lavishly credentialed academic philosopher Aaron James vigorously disagrees, and in Surfing with Sartre he intends to expound the thinking surfer's view of the (...)
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  7.  58
    7. Composition as General Identity.Aaron J. Cotnoir - 2013 - Oxford Studies in Metaphysics 8:294.
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  8. Pluralism and Paradox.Aaron J. Cotnoir - 2012 - In Nikolaj Jang Lee Linding Pedersen & Cory Wright (eds.), Truth and Pluralism: Current Debates. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press. pp. 339.
  9.  13
    Curry’s Critique of the Syntactic Concept of Formal System and Methodological Autonomy for Pure Mathematics.Aaron Lercher - forthcoming - Filozofia Nauki:1-15.
    Haskell Curry’s philosophy of mathematics is really a form of “structuralism” rather than “formalism” despite Curry’s own description of it as formalist (Seldin 2011). This paper explains Curry’s actual view by a formal analysis of a simple example. This analysis is extended to solve Keränen’s (2001) identity problem for structuralism, confirming Leitgeb’s (2020a, b) solution, and further clarifies structural ontology. Curry’s methods answer philosophical questions by employing a standard mathematical method, which is a virtue of the “methodological autonomy” emphasized by (...)
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  10.  67
    ‘Species’ without species.Aaron Novick & W. Ford Doolittle - 2021 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 87 (C):72-80.
    Biological science uses multiple species concepts. Order can be brought to this diversity if we recognize two key features. First, any given species concept is likely to have a patchwork structure, generated by repeated application of the concept to new domains. We illustrate this by showing how two species concepts (biological and ecological) have been modified from their initial eukaryotic applications to apply to prokaryotes. Second, both within and between patches, distinct species concepts may interact and hybridize. We thus defend (...)
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  11.  15
    Analytic Philosophy: An Interpretive History.Aaron Preston (ed.) - 2017 - New York: Routledge.
    Analytic Philosophy: An Interpretive History explores the ways interpretation shaped the analytic tradition, from Frege to Dummet. It offers readers 17 chapters, written especially for this volume by an international cast of leading scholars. Some chapters are devoted to large, thematic issues like the relationship between analytic philosophy and other philosophical traditions such as British Idealism and phenomenology, while other chapters are tied to more fine-grained topics or to individual philosophers, like Moore and Russell on philosophical method or the history (...)
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  12. Inductive risks and psychiatric classification.Aaron Kostko - 2019 - In Şerife Tekin & Robyn Bluhm (eds.), The Bloomsbury Companion to Philosophy of Psychiatry. London: Bloomsbury.
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  13.  8
    Ethical habits: [a Peircean perspective].Aaron Massecar - 2016 - Lanham: Lexington.
    The trouble with theory and practice -- Preparing a place for a Peircean ethics -- Intelligent habits -- The metaphysics of habits -- Thinking of habits -- Self-controlled habits.
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  14. Adam, demut-nafsho u-midotav. Tarshish, Aaron & [From Old Catalog] - 1956 - [Jerusalem,:
     
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  15.  5
    The responsible methodologist: inquiry, truth-telling, and social justice.Aaron M. Kuntz - 2015 - Walnut Creek, California: Left Coast Press.
    Introduction -- Logics of extraction -- Materialism & critical materialism -- Methodological parrhesia: truth-telling -- Methodological materiality: towards productive social change.
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  16.  54
    Anti-reflexivity.Aaron M. McCright & Riley E. Dunlap - 2010 - Theory, Culture and Society 27 (2-3):100-133.
    The American conservative movement is a force of anti-reflexivity insofar as it attacks two key elements of reflexive modernization: the environmental movement and environmental impact science. Learning from its mistakes in overtly attacking environmental regulations in the early 1980s, this counter-movement has subsequently exercised a more subtle form of power characterized by non-decision-making. We examine the conservative movement’s efforts to undermine climate science and policy in the USA over the last two decades by using this second dimension of power. The (...)
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  17.  30
    Carving Up the Network of Powers.Aaron Cotnoir - 2023 - In Christopher J. Austin, Anna Marmodoro & Andrea Roselli (eds.), Powers, Parts and Wholes: Essays on the Mereology of Powers. Routledge.
    Do powers have parts? Mereological thinking is typically guided by two different metaphors: building versus carving. The building picture treats wholes as constructed from fundamental bits; the carving treats wholes as the result of carving some interconnected space. After considering some suggestions for how to view powers as built from other components, this chapter opts for the carving picture and suggests that a mereology of powers can be generated by carving the underlying space of an interconnected web of fundamental powers. (...)
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  18.  5
    Sounds, ecologies, musics.Aaron S. Allen & Jeff Todd Titon (eds.) - 2023 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    In Sounds, Ecologies, Musics, authors pose exciting challenges and provide fresh opportunities for scholars, scientists, environmental activists, and musicians to consider music and sound from ecological standpoints. The book covers topics such as how environment enables music and sound, how music and sound relate to Western environmental science, and mutidisciplinary collaborations among scholars.
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  19. Debates in Jewish Philosophy - Past and Present.Aaron Segal & Daniel Frank (eds.) - 2016 - Routledge.
     
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  20. Moral philosophy : practical and speculative.Aaron Garrett & Colin Heydt - 2015 - In Aaron Garrett & James Anthony Harris (eds.), Scottish Philosophy in the Eighteenth Century. Oxford University Press.
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  21.  43
    Seventeenth-Century Moral Philosophy: Self Help, Self-knowledge, and the Devil's Mountain.Aaron Garrett - 2013 - In Roger Crisp (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of the History of Ethics. Oxford University Press. pp. 229.
    This chapter focuses on the ethical theories of the early modern philosophers Thomas Hobbes, Justus Lipsius, Descartes, Spinoza, Benjamin Whichcote, Lord Shaftesbury, and Samuel Clarke. The discussions include aspects of Hobbes' moral philosophy that posed a challenge for many philosophers of the second half of the seventeenth century who were committed to philosophy as a form of self-help; Lipsius and Descartes' appropriation of ancient and Hellenistic moral philosophy in connection with changing ideas about control of the passions and the happiest (...)
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  22. Political Constructivism.Aaron James - 2013 - In Jon Mandle & David A. Reidy (eds.), A Companion to Rawls. Hoboken: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 251–264.
    Political constructivism is associated with John Rawls more than any other contemporary philosopher. This chapter suggests that Rawls's political constructivism is better understood as a general method of justification which runs throughout his work as a whole, including his early work and A Theory of Justice. The chapter develops the general characterization of Rawls's political constructivism. Its main elements are taken in turn and developed with special attention to the two places where Rawls discusses the topic in depth – his (...)
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  23.  24
    Kon-Tiki Experiments.Aaron Novick, Adrian M. Currie, Eden W. McQueen & Nathan L. Brouwer - 2020 - Philosophy of Science 87 (2):213-236.
    We identify a species of experiment—Kon-Tiki experiments—used to demonstrate the competence of a cause to produce a certain effect, and we examine their role in the historical sciences. We argue that Kon-Tiki experiments are used to test middle-range theory, to test assumptions within historical narratives, and to open new avenues of inquiry. We show how the results of Kon-Tiki experiments are involved in projective inferences, and we argue that reliance on projective inferences does not provide historical scientists with any special (...)
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  24.  76
    Examining the Effectiveness of Climate Change Frames in the Face of a Climate Change Denial Counter‐Frame.Aaron M. McCright, Meghan Charters, Katherine Dentzman & Thomas Dietz - 2016 - Topics in Cognitive Science 8 (1):76-97.
    Prior research on the influence of various ways of framing anthropogenic climate change do not account for the organized ACC denial in the U.S. media and popular culture, and thus may overestimate these frames' influence in the general public. We conducted an experiment to examine how Americans' ACC views are influenced by four promising frames for urging action on ACC —when these frames appear with an ACC denial counter-frame. This is the first direct test of how exposure to an ACC (...)
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  25.  12
    When a Charming Woman Speaks.Leslie A. Aarons - 2013-09-05 - In George A. Dunn & Jason T. Eberl (eds.), Sons of Anarchy and Philosophy. Wiley. pp. 165–174.
    In Sons of Anarchy, the male members of the MC are only one part of the story, as the Charming women play equally pivotal roles in the action. This chapter takes a look at the women to see how they wield their power, what they do with it, and how it is limited by the world in which they operate. The stories told on Sons of Anarchy are familiar to us. The character's lives ebb and flow with hopes and fears, (...)
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  26.  10
    Not Knowing Your Place.Leslie A. Aarons - 2020-08-27 - In Kimberly S. Engels (ed.), The Good Place and Philosophy. Wiley. pp. 121–130.
    From the very first scene of The Good Place, monumental duplicity is at work. Everything is contrived and everyone is lying, both to themselves and to one another. The Good Place raises the issue of how to determine whether a person is ethical or not. Both Eleanor and Tahani struggle with significant feelings of inadequacy, compelling them to commit ethical infractions to land them in “The Good Place”. Although Tahani and Eleanor come from divergent social stations, they share a common (...)
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  27. Moral epistemology.Aaron Zimmerman - 2010 - New York: Routledge.
    How do we know right from wrong? Do we even have moral knowledge? Moral epistemology studies these and related questions about our understanding of virtue and vice. It is one of philosophy’s perennial problems, reaching back to Plato, Aristotle, Aquinas, Locke, Hume and Kant, and has recently been the subject of intense debate as a result of findings in developmental and social psychology. Throughout the book Zimmerman argues that our belief in moral knowledge can survive sceptical challenges. He also draws (...)
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  28. Popular Fiction.Aaron Meskin - 2015 - In Noël Carroll & John Gibson (eds.), The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Literature. New York: Routledge.
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  29. Scottish Philosophy in the Eighteenth Century, Volume 2: Method, Metaphysics, Mind, Language.Aaron Garrett & James A. Harris (eds.) - 2023 - Oxford University Press.
    A History of Scottish Philosophy is a series of collaborative studies by expert authors, each volume being devoted to a specific period. Together they provide a comprehensive account of the Scottish philosophical tradition, from the centuries that laid the foundation of the remarkable burst of intellectual fertility known as the Scottish Enlightenment, through the Victorian age and beyond, when it continued to exercise powerful intellectual influence at home and abroad. The books aim to be historically informative, while at the same (...)
     
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  30.  8
    Time versus History.Aaron Irvin - 2022-10-17 - In Kevin S. Decker (ed.), Dune and Philosophy. Wiley. pp. 153–162.
    History was a continuous cycle driven by the gods. Societies began by being small, impoverished, and insignificant, then became great, then proud and decadent, and finally were overthrown by a different small, impoverished people, with the cycle beginning anew. Herbert's historical universe in Dune is bound within a series of ever repeating cycle. Herbert's themes about human action, fatalism versus free will, and the repetition of religious motifs across vast distances of space and time. Greek mythology and tragedy appear on (...)
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  31. Astral guts: the nemocentric self in Byron and Brassier.Aaron Ottinger - 2019 - In Chris Washington & Anne C. McCarthy (eds.), Romanticism and speculative realism. New York, NY: Bloomsbury Academic.
     
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  32.  18
    Horizontal persistence and the complexity hypothesis.Aaron Novick & W. Ford Doolittle - 2020 - Biology and Philosophy 35 (1):2.
    This paper investigates the complexity hypothesis in microbial evolutionary genetics from a philosophical vantage. This hypothesis, in its current version, states that genes with high connectivity are likely to be resistant to being horizontally transferred. We defend four claims. There is an important distinction between two different ways in which a gene family can persist: vertically and horizontally. There is a trade-off between these two modes of persistence, such that a gene better at achieving one will be worse at achieving (...)
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  33. Overcoming Our Evil: Spiritual Exercises and Personhood in Xunzi and Augustine.Aaron D. Stalnaker - 2001 - Dissertation, Brown University
    This dissertation compares the thought and practice of Xunzi, a 4th--3rd century BCE Confucian, with that of Augustine of Hippo, a 4th--5th century CE Christian. Specifically, it compares their versions of the view that human nature is significantly bad or evil, and their prescriptions for the cultivation of ethically and religiously preferable modes of life, through the practice of what Pierre Hadot has called "spiritual exercises." ;Xunzi and Augustine deploy conceptual apparatuses structured by distinctive terms of art, responding to debates (...)
     
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  34.  12
    ha-Adam ṿeha-ṭevaʻ: hegyonot ṿe-ḥalomot shel ḳitsoni = Man and nature: meditations and dreams of a radical.Aaron David Gordon - 2020 - Yerushalayim: Hotsaʼat sefarim ʻa. sh. Y.L. Magnes, ha-Universiṭah ha-ʻIvrit. Edited by Yuval Jobani, Ron Margolin & Jacob Golomb.
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  35. The Philosophy of Worship: Divine and Human Aspects.Aaron Segal & Samuel Lebens (eds.) - forthcoming - Cambridge University Press.
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  36. Sefer Maḥshevet ha-ḥinukh: asupat pirḳe musar u-maḥshavah, midot ṿe-deʻot, le-lamed bene adam daʻat u-tevunah be-hanhagato ben adam la-Maḳom u-ven adam la-ḥavero: mi-torat Sefer ha-Ḥinukh. Aaron & Ḥayim Ayziḳ Ṭiḳotsḳi (eds.) - 1994 - Yerushalayim: Makhon le-hotsaʼat sefarim she-ʻa. y. Yeshivat ha-Ran.
     
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  37. Stephen Bavolek.Aaron Bradbury - 2022 - In Aaron Bradbury & Ruth Swailes (eds.), Early childhood theories today. Thousand Oaks, California: Learning Matters.
     
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  38. Valerie Daniel.Aaron Bradbury - 2022 - In Aaron Bradbury & Ruth Swailes (eds.), Early childhood theories today. Thousand Oaks, California: Learning Matters.
     
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  39. Ve-tsivah ha-kohen.Aaron Samuel ben Naphtali Herz - 1952 - [Jerusalem,:
     
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  40. Speaking in the night : on the non-sense of death and life.Aaron T. Looney - 2019 - In Marguerite La Caze & Magdalena Żółkoś (eds.), Contemporary Perspectives on Vladimir Jankélévitch: On What Cannot Be Touched. Lanham: Lexington Books.
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  41. The Art of Comics.Aaron Meskin & Roy T. Cook (eds.) - 2012-01-27 - Wiley‐Blackwell.
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  42. Sefer ha-tsaṿaʼah: maʼamarim...asher katav be-derekh tsaṿaʼah..Aaron Roth - 1965 - Jerusalem: [S.N.].
     
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  43.  6
    Systems of ethics..Aaron Schuyler - 1902 - New York, Eaton & Mains: Jennings & Pye;.
    pt. I. Theoretical ethics.--pt. II. Practical ethics.--pt. III. History of ethics.
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  44. The A Priori (Theism).Aaron Segal - 2019 - In Graham Oppy & Joseph W. Koterski (eds.), Theism and Atheism: Opposing Viewpoints in Philosophy. Farmington Hills: MacMillan Reference. pp. 301-312.
  45. The drunk utilitarian: Blood alcohol concentration predicts utilitarian responses in moral dilemmas.Aaron A. Duke & Laurent Bègue - 2015 - Cognition 134 (C):121-127.
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  46.  7
    The Ontology of Comics.Aaron Meskin - 2012-01-27 - In Aaron Meskin & Roy T. Cook (eds.), The Art of Comics. Wiley‐Blackwell. pp. 31–46.
    This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction Multiplicity How Are Instances of Comics Created? Autographic and Allographic Conclusion Notes References.
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  47. Not the British way of doing business : atrocities in military operations and how to avoid them.Aaron Edwards - 2024 - In Frank Ledwidge, Helen Parr & Aaron Edwards (eds.), Ground truth: the moral component in contemporary British warfare. New York: Bloomsbury Academic.
     
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  48.  14
    The Democratic Soul: Spinoza, Tocqueville, and Enlightenment Theology.Aaron L. Herold - 2021 - University of Pennsylvania Press.
    In The Democratic Soul, Aaron L. Herold argues that liberal democracy's current crisis—of extreme polarization, rising populism, and disillusionment with political institutions—must be understood as the culmination of a deeper dissatisfaction with the liberal Enlightenment. Major elements of both the Left and the Right now reject the Enlightenment's emphasis on rights as theoretically unfounded and morally undesirable and have sought to recover a contrasting politics of obligation. But this has re-opened questions about the relationship between politics and religion long thought (...)
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  49. Philosophy and Its Past: a Eudaimonistic Perspective.Aaron Preston - 2023 - In Sandra Lapointe & Erich H. Reck (eds.), Historiography and the Formation of Philosophical Canons. New York, NY: Routledge.
    The aim of this volume is to consider connections among issues in metaphilosophy, historiographical method, and the formation of philosophical canons. Here I consider an ancient metaphilosophical position very different from anything accepted in mainstream academic philosophy today, but which, I believe, merits revival in a form appropriate to our era. I call this position “metaphilosophical eudaimonism” because it takes human flourishing to be the ultimate goal of philosophy. I first explain the position before considering its implications for philosophy’s relationship (...)
     
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  50. Igrot shomre emunim...: igrot, meleʼot hitḥazḳut ṿe-hadrakhot mi-musar u-derushim..Aaron Roth - 1966 - [Jerusalem?]: [S.N.].
     
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