Results for 'Kimberly Brewer'

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Profile: Kimberly Brewer (Cornell University)
  1.  46
    A Difficulty Still Awaits: Kant, Spinoza, and the Threat of Theological Determinism.Kimberly Brewer & Eric Watkins - 2012 - Kant-Studien 103 (2):163-187.
    In a short and much-neglected passage in the second Critique, Kant discusses the threat posed to human freedom by theological determinism. In this paper we present an interpretation of Kant’s conception of and response to this threat. Regarding his conception, we argue that he addresses two versions of the threat: either God causes appearances (and hence our spatio-temporal actions) directly or he does so indirectly by causing things in themselves which in turn cause appearances. Kant’s response to the first version (...)
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  2.  62
    Kant's Anatomy of Evil.Kimberly Brewer & Andrew Chignell - 2014 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 22 (2):393-397.
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  3. Experience and Reason in Perception: Bill Brewer.Bill Brewer - 1998 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 43:203-227.
    The question I am interested in is this. What exactly is the role of conscious experience in the acquisition of knowledge on the basis of perception? The problem here, as I see it, is to solve simultaneously for the nature of this experience, and its role in acquiring and sustaining the relevant beliefs, in such a way as to vindicate what I regard as an undeniable datum, that perception is a basic source of knowledge about the mind-independent world, in a (...)
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  4. Perception and Reason.Bill Brewer - 1999 - Oxford University Press.
    Bill Brewer presents an original view of the role of conscious experience in the acquisition of empirical knowledge. He argues that perceptual experiences must provide reasons for empirical beliefs if there are to be any determinate beliefs at all about particular objects in the world. This fresh approach to epistemology turns away from the search for necessary and sufficient conditions for knowledge and works instead from a theory of understanding in a particular area.
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  5.  37
    The Retrieval of Ethics.Talbot Brewer - 2009 - Oxford University Press.
    Talbot Brewer offers a new approach to ethical theory, founded on a far-reaching reconsideration of the nature and sources of human agency.
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  6.  6
    Reports of Mental Imagery in Retrieval From Long-Term Memory.William F. Brewer & John R. Pani - 1996 - Consciousness and Cognition 5 (3):265-287.
    Phenomenal reports were obtained immediately after participants retrieved information from long-term memory. Data were gathered for six basic forms of memory and for three forms of memory that asked for declarative information about procedural tasks . The data show consistent reports of mental imagery during retrieval of information from the generic perceptual, recollective, motor—declarative, rote—declarative, and cognitive—declarative categories; much less imagery was reported for the semantic, motor, rote, and cognitive categories. Overall, the data provide support for the theoretical framework outlined (...)
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  7. Reports of Mental Imagery in Retrieval From Long-Term Memory.William Brewer & John Pani - 1995 - Consciousness and Cognition 5 (3):25-287.
    Phenomenal reports were obtained immediately after participants retrieved information from long-term memory. Data were gathered for six basic forms of memory and for three forms of memory that asked for declarative information about procedural tasks. The data show consistent reports of mental imagery during retrieval of information from the generic perceptual, recollective, motor—declarative, rote—declarative, and cognitive—declarative categories; much less imagery was reported for the semantic, motor, rote, and cognitive categories. Overall, the data provide support for the theoretical framework outlined in (...)
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  8.  92
    Perception and Its Objects.Bill Brewer - 2011 - Oxford University Press.
    Early modern empiricists thought that the nature of perceptual experience is given by citing the object presented to the mind in that experience. Hallucination and illusion suggest that this requires untenable mind-dependent objects. Current orthodoxy replaces the appeal to direct objects with the claim that perceptual experience is characterized instead by its representational content. This paper argues that the move to content is problematic, and reclaims the early modern empiricist insight as perfectly consistent, even in cases of illusion, with the (...)
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  9. Perception and Content.Bill Brewer - 2006 - European Journal of Philosophy 14 (2):165-181.
    It is close to current orthodoxy that perceptual experience is to be characterized, at least in part, by its representational content, roughly, by the way it represents things as being in the world around the perceiver. Call this basic idea the content view.
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  10. Perception and its Objects.Bill Brewer - 2007 - Philosophical Studies 132 (1):87-97.
    Physical objects are such things as stones, tables, trees, people and other animals: the persisting macroscopic constituents of the world we live in. therefore expresses a commonsense commitment to physical realism: the persisting macroscopic constituents of the world we live in exist, and are as they are, quite independently of anyone.
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  11. The Object View of Perception.Bill Brewer - forthcoming - Topoi:1-13.
    We perceive a world of mind-independent macroscopic material objects such as stones, tables, trees, and animals. Our experience is the joint upshot of the way these things are and our route through them, along with the various relevant circumstances of perception ; and it depends on the normal operation of our perceptual systems. How should we characterise our perceptual experience so as to respect its basis and explain its role in grounding empirical thought and knowledge? I offered an answer to (...)
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  12. Perceptual Experience has Conceptual Content.Bill Brewer - 2005 - In Ernest Sosa & Matthias Steup (eds.), Contemporary Debates in Epistemology. Blackwell.
    I take it for granted that sense experiential states provide reasons for empirical beliefs; indeed this claim forms the first premise of my central argument for (CC). 1 The subsequent stages of the argument are intended to establish that a person has such a reason for believing something about the way things are in the world around him only if he is in some mental state or other with a conceptual content: a conceptual state. Thus, given that sense experiential states (...)
     
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  13. How to Account for Illusion.Bill Brewer - 2008 - In Adrian Haddock & Fiona Macpherson (eds.), Disjunctivism: Perception, Action, Knowledge. Oxford University Press. pp. 168-180.
    The question how to account for illusion has had a prominent role in shaping theories of perception throughout the history of philosophy. Prevailing philosophical wisdom today has it that phenomena of illusion force us to choose between the following two options. First, reject altogether the early modern empiricist idea that the core subjective character of perceptual experience is to be given simply by citing the object presented in that experience. Instead we must characterize perceptual experience entirely in terms of its (...)
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  14. What is Recollective Memory?William F. Brewer - 1996 - In David C. Rubin (ed.), Remembering Our Past: Studies in Autobiographical Memory. Cambridge University Press.
    The goal of this chapter is to describe recollective memory and give an account of some of the characteristics of this form of human memory. I take recollective memory to be the type of memory that occurs when an individual recalls a specific episode from their past experience. I start with this very loose definition because a large part of this chapter consists of an attempt to work out a more detailed and analytic description of this form of memory.
     
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  15.  1
    Reconstructive Remembering of the Scientific Literature.Kim J. Vicente & William F. Brewer - 1993 - Cognition 46 (2):101-128.
  16. The Theory-Ladenness of Observation and the Theory-Ladenness of the Rest of the Scientific Process.William F. Brewer & Bruce L. Lambert - 2001 - Philosophy of Science 3 (September):S176-S186.
    We use evidence from cognitive psychology and the history of science to examine the issue of the theory-ladenness of perceptual observation. This evidence shows that perception is theory-laden, but that it is only strongly theory-laden when the perceptual evidence is ambiguous or degraded, or when it requires a difficult perceptual judgment. We argue that debates about the theory-ladenness issue have focused too narrowly on the issue of perceptual experience, and that a full account of the scientific process requires an examination (...)
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  17.  11
    Pediatric Do-Not-Attempt-Resuscitation Orders and Public Schools: A National Assessment of Policies and Laws.Michael B. Kimberly, Amanda L. Forte, Jean M. Carroll & Chris Feudtner - 2005 - American Journal of Bioethics 5 (1):59 – 65.
    Some children living with life-shortening medical conditions may wish to attend school without the threat of having resuscitation attempted in the event of cardiopulmonary arrest on the school premises. Despite recent attention to in-school do-not-attempt-resuscitation (DNAR) orders, no assessment of state laws or school policies has yet been made. We therefore sought to survey a national sample of prominent school districts and situate their policies in the context of relevant state laws. Most (80%) school districts sampled did not have policies, (...)
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  18. Bodily Awareness and the Self.Bill Brewer - 1995 - In Jose Luis Bermudez, Anthony J. Marcel & Naomi M. Eilan (eds.), The Body and the Self. Cambridge: Mass: Mit Press. pp. 291-€“303.
    In The Varieties of Reference (1982), Gareth Evans claims that considerations having to do with certain basic ways we have of gaining knowledge of our own physical states and properties provide "the most powerful antidote to a Cartesian conception of the self" (220). In this chapter, I start with a discussion and evaluation of Evans' own argument, which is, I think, in the end unconvincing. Then I raise the possibility of a more direct application of similar considerations in defence of (...)
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  19. Realism and the Nature of Perceptual Experience.Bill Brewer - 2004 - Philosophical Issues 14 (1):61-77.
    Realism concerning a given domain of things is the view that the things in that domain exist, and are as they are, quite independently of anyone.
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  20.  26
    On the Role of Imagery in Event-Based Prospective Memory.Gene A. Brewer, Justin Knight, J. Thadeus Meeks & Richard L. Marsh - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (3):901-907.
    The role of imagery in encoding event-based prospective memories has yet to be fully clarified. Herein, it is argued that imagery augments a cue-to-context association that supports event-based prospective memory performance. By this account, imagery encoding not only improves prospective memory performance but also reduces interference to intention-related information that occurs outside of context. In the current study, when lure words occurred outside of the appropriate responding context, the use of imagery encoding strategies resulted in less interference when compared with (...)
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  21. The Metamemory Approach to Confidence: A Test Using Semantic Memory.William F. Brewer & Cristina Sampaio - 2012 - Journal of Memory and Language:59-77.
    The metamemory approach to memory confidence was extended and elaborated to deal with semantic memory tasks. The metamemory approach assumes that memory confidence is based on the products and processes of a completed memory task, as well as metamemory beliefs that individuals have about how their memory products and processes relate to memory accuracy. In two experiments participants were asked deceptive and nondeceptive questions involving geographical information. In both experiments, as predicted by the metamemory approach to memory confidence, there was (...)
     
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  22.  24
    Management as a Practice: A Response to Alasdair Macintyre. [REVIEW]Kathryn Balstad Brewer - 1997 - Journal of Business Ethics 16 (8):825-833.
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  23. Spatial Representation.Bill Brewer - 1993 - Cambridge: Blackwell.
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  24. Understanding Emotions: Mind and Morals.Bill Brewer - 2002 - Brookfield: Ashgate.
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  25.  95
    Externalism and A Priori Knowledge of Empirical Facts.Bill Brewer - 2000 - In Christopher Peacocke & Paul A. Boghossian (eds.), New Essays on the a Priori. Oxfordo. pp. 415.
    I want to discuss the possibility of combining a so-called.
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  26.  84
    Acceleration Beyond the Wave Speed in Dissipative Wave-Particle Systems.Dene Farrell, Alfred Hübler, Joseph Brewer & Ines Hübler - 2010 - Complexity 15 (5):00-00.
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  27. Logocratic Method and the Analysis of Arguments in Evidence.Scott Brewer - unknown
    Legal analysis is dominated by legal arguments, and the assessment of any legal claim requires the assessment of the strengths and weaknesses of those arguments. The ‘logocratic’ method is a systematic method for assessing the strengths and weaknesses of arguments. More specifically, it is a method designed to help the analyst determine what degree of warrant the premises of an argument provide for its conclusion. Although the method is applicable to any type of argument, this essay focuses on the logocratic (...)
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  28.  6
    Eutelegenesis.Herbert Brewer - 1935 - The Eugenics Review 27 (2):121.
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  29.  8
    Ethics and Geography –Impact of Geographical Cultural Differences on Students Ethical Decisions.Judith W. Spain, Peggy Brewer, Virgil Brewer & S. J. Garner - 2002 - Journal of Business Ethics 41 (1-2):187 - 194.
    An exploratory survey was conducted to determine if there are differences in ethical decisions by business students based upon cultural backgrounds. Students' responses to a vignette concerning advertising of cigar products in a variety of different media provided evidence of significant cultural differences between three groups of students from different geographical locations within the United States. This article suggests that the presumption that an individuals ethical beliefs and behaviors do not change after childhood may be in error.
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  30. Self-Location and Agency.Bill Brewer - 1992 - Mind 101 (401):17-34.
    We perceive things in the external world as spatially located both with respect to each other and to ourselves, such that they are in principle accessible from where we seem to be. I hear the door bang behind me; I feel the pen on the desk over to my right; and I see you walking beneath the line of pictures, from left to right in front of me. By displaying these spatial relations between its objects and us, the perceivers, perception (...)
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  31.  13
    Investigating the Subjective Reports of Rejection Processes in the Word Frequency Mirror Effect.J. Thadeus Meeks, Justin B. Knight, Gene A. Brewer, Gabriel I. Cook & Richard L. Marsh - 2014 - Consciousness and Cognition 24:57-69.
  32.  7
    Mental Models of the Day/Night Cycle.Stella Vosniadou & William F. Brewer - 1994 - Cognitive Science 18 (1):123-183.
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  33.  86
    Is Welfare an Independent Good?Talbot Brewer - 2009 - Social Philosophy and Policy 26 (1):96-125.
    In recent years, philosophical inquiry into individual welfare has blossomed into something of a cottage industry, and this literature has provided the conceptual foundations for an equally voluminous literature on aggregate social welfare. In this essay, I argue that substantial portions of both bodies of literature ought to be viewed as philosophical manifestations of a characteristically modern illusion—the illusion, in particular, that there is a special kind of goodness that is irreducibly person-relative. Theories that are built upon this idea suffer (...)
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  34.  10
    Regulating Methylphenidate: Enhancing Cognition and Social Inequality.C. D. Brewer & Heather DeGrote - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics 13 (7):47-49.
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  35.  91
    Virtues We Can Share: Friendship and Aristotelian Ethical Theory.Talbot Brewer - 2005 - Ethics 115 (4):721-758.
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  36.  11
    Schema Acquisition From a Single Example.Woo-Kyoung Ahn, William F. Brewer & Raymond J. Mooney - 1988 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 26 (6):509-509.
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  37. Three Dogmas of Desire.Talbot Brewer - 2006 - In T. D. J. Chappell (ed.), Values and Virtues: Aristotelianism in Contemporary Ethics. Oxford University Press.
  38. Emotion and Other Minds.Bill Brewer - 2002 - In Understanding Emotions: Mind and Morals. Brookfield: Ashgate.
    What is the relation between emotional experience and its behavioural expression? As very preliminary clarification, I mean by ‘emotional experience’ such things as the subjective feeling of being afraid of something, or of being angry at someone. On the side of behavioural expression, I focus on such things as cowering in fear, or shaking a fist or thumping the table in anger. Very crudely, this is behaviour intermediate between the bodily changes which just happen in emotional arousal, such as sweating (...)
     
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  39.  59
    Maxims and Virtues.Talbot Brewer - 2002 - Philosophical Review 111 (4):539-572.
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  40. Experience and Reason in Perception.Bill Brewer - 1998 - In Anthony O'Hear (ed.), Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 203-227.
    The question I am interested in is this. What exactly is the role of conscious experience in the acquisition of knowledge on the basis of perception? The problem here, as I see it, is to solve simultaneously for the nature of this experience, and its role in acquiring and sustaining the relevant beliefs, in such a way as to vindicate what I regard as an undeniable datum, that perception is a basic source of knowledge about the mind-independent world, in a (...)
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  41.  86
    Sociology and its Strange `Others' Introduction.John D. Brewer - 2007 - History of the Human Sciences 20 (2):1-5.
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  42.  27
    Maxims and Virtues.Talbot Brewer - 2002 - Philosophical Review 111 (4):539 - 572.
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  43.  45
    The Nameless: Abortion in Britain Today.Herbert Brewer - 1966 - The Eugenics Review 58 (4):217.
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  44.  45
    Empfängnisverhütung.Herbert Brewer - 1959 - The Eugenics Review 51 (2):107.
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  45.  80
    Attention and Direct Realism.Bill Brewer - 2013 - Analytic Philosophy 54 (4):421-435.
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  46. 2.“Doing and Allowing” and Doing and Allowing “Doing and Allowing” and Doing and Allowing (Pp. 799-808).William J. FitzPatrick, Gerhard Øverland, Talbot Brewer, David Enoch & Philip Stratton‐Lake - 2005 - Ethics 115 (4).
     
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  47.  84
    Internalism and Perceptual Knowledge.Bill Brewer - 1996 - European Journal of Philosophy 4 (3):259-275.
  48.  43
    Studies on Fertility 1956. Being Volume VIII of the Proceedings of the Society for the Study of Fertility.Herbert Brewer - 1958 - The Eugenics Review 50 (1):59.
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  49.  42
    Life Before Birth.Herbert Brewer - 1965 - The Eugenics Review 57 (2):84.
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  50.  50
    Eutelegenesis and Sterility.Herbert Brewer - 1937 - The Eugenics Review 28 (4):343.
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