Results for 'Kjell Johan S��b��'

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  1. Judgment Ascriptions.Kjell Johan Sæbø - 2009 - Linguistics and Philosophy 32 (4):327-352.
    Some propositional attitude verbs require that the complement contain some “subjective predicate”. In terms of the theory proposed by Lasersohn, these verbs would seem to identify the “judge” of the embedded proposition with the matrix subject, and there have been suggestions in this direction. I show that it is possible to analyze these verbs as setting the judge and doing nothing more; then according to whether a judge index or a judge argument is assumed, unless the complement contains a subjective (...)
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  2.  45
    Lessons From Descriptive Indexicals.Kjell Johan Sæbø - 2015 - Mind 124 (496):1111-1161.
    Two main methods for analysing de re readings of definite descriptions in intensional contexts coexist: that of evaluating the description in the actual world, whether by means of scope, actuality operators, or non-local world binding, and that of substituting another description, usually one expressing a salient or ‘vivid’ acquaintance relation to an attitude holder, prior to evaluation. Recent work on so-called descriptive indexicals suggests that contrary to common assumptions, both methods are needed, for different ends. This paper aims to show (...)
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  3.  48
    Possession and Pertinence: The Meaning of Have. [REVIEW]Kjell Johan Sæbø - 2009 - Natural Language Semantics 17 (4):369-397.
    The meaning of have is notoriously difficult to define; sometimes it seems to denote possession, but often, it seems to denote nothing, only to complicate composition. This paper focuses on the cases where have embeds a small clause, proposing that all it accomplishes is abstraction, turning the small clause into a predicate. This analysis is extended to the cases where have appears to embed DPs: These objects are interpreted as small clauses as well, with implicit predicates denoting possession or—with relational (...)
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  4.  17
    Reports of Specific Indefinites.Kjell Johan Sæbø - forthcoming - Journal of Semantics.
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  5.  58
    Focus Interpretation in Thetic Statements: Alternative Semantics and Optimality Theory Pragmatics. [REVIEW]Kjell Johan Sæbø - 2006 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 16 (1):15-33.
    Broad focus (or informational integration or nonautonomy) is lexically and contextually constrained, but these constraints are not well understood. On a standard theory of focus interpretation, the presupposition of a broad focus is verified whenever those of two narrow foci are. I argue that to account for cases where two narrow foci are preferred, it is necessary to assume that broad focus competes with two narrow foci and implicates the opposite of what they presuppose. Central constraints on thetic statements are (...)
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  6. Adverbial Clauses.Kjell Johan Sæbø - 2012 - In Klaus von Heusinger, Claudia Maienborn & Paul Portner (eds.), Semantics: An International Handbook of Natural Language Meaning. De Gruyter Mouton. pp. 1420-1441.
     
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  7.  36
    In a Mediative Mood: The Semantics of the German Reportive Subjunctive. [REVIEW]Cathrine Fabricius-Hansen & Kjell Johan Sæbø - 2004 - Natural Language Semantics 12 (3):213-257.
    This paper aims at an account of the German “reportive subjunctive”, where the mood signals that the proposition is the object of an utterance report. The report can be explicit in the sentence or in the context, or more or less implicit. We interpret these uses as a more or less local verification or accommodation of a presupposition introduced by the subjunctive, thus accounting for a range of facts and contributing to the theory of presuppositions.
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  8.  57
    A, The, Another: A Game of Same and Different. [REVIEW]Atle Grønn & Kjell Johan Sæbø - 2012 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 21 (1):75-95.
    Indefinites face competition at two levels: Presupposition and content. The antipresupposition hypothesis predicts that they signal the opposite of familiarity, or uniqueness, namely, novelty, or non-uniqueness. At the level of descriptive content, they are pressured from two sides: definites expressing identity and another phrases expressing difference, and Gricean reasoning predicts that indefinites signal both difference and identity and are infelicitous when definites and another phrases are felicitous. However, occasionally a space opens between the and another, for a to fill. This (...)
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  9.  20
    To Finish in German and Mainland Scandinavian: Telicity and Incrementality.Alexandra Anna Spalek & Kjell Johan Sæbø - 2019 - Journal of Semantics 36 (2):349-375.
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  10.  14
    Behabitive Reports.Cathrine Fabricius-Hansen & Kjell Johan Sæbø - 2011 - In Elke Brendel (ed.), Understanding Quotation. De Gruyter Mouton. pp. 85.
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  11.  62
    “How” Questions and the Manner–Method Distinction.Kjell Sæbø - 2016 - Synthese 193 (10).
    How questions are understudied in philosophy and linguistics. They can be answered in very different ways, some of which are poorly understood. Jaworski identifies several types: ‘manner’, ‘method, means or mechanism’, ‘cognitive resolution’, and develops a logic designed to enable us to distinguish among them. Some key questions remain open, however, in particular, whether these distinctions derive from an ambiguity in how, from differences in the logical structure of the question or from contextual underspecification. Arguing from two classes of responses, (...)
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  12.  86
    The Semantics of Scandinavian Free Choice Items.Kjell Johan Saeboe - 2001 - Linguistics and Philosophy 24 (6):737-788.
    I present an analysis of Free Choice Items (FCIs), based on Scandinavian, where FCIs are complex and distinct from polarity sensitive items. Scandinavian FCIs are argued to have two components. One is a universal quantifying into modal contexts. The other is an operator mapping a type (s,t) expression onto itself, adjoining to the closest type t or (s,t) expression. Thus invoking Intensional Functional Application, this operator requires the presence of a modal in the scope of the universal quantifier. Facts concerning (...)
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  13.  13
    Scientific Evidence and Best Patient Care Practices Should Guide the Ethics of Lyme Disease Activism.Paul G. Auwaerter, Johan S. Bakken, Raymond J. Dattwyler, J. Stephen Dumler, John J. Halperin, Edward McSweegan, Robert B. Nadelman, Susan O'Connell, Sunil K. Sood, Arthur Weinstein & Gary P. Wormser - 2011 - Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (2):68-73.
    Johnson and Stricker published an opinion piece in the Journal of Medical Ethics presenting their perspective on the 2008 agreement between the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) and the Connecticut Attorney General with regard to the 2006 IDSA treatment guideline for Lyme disease. Their writings indicate that these authors hold unconventional views of a relatively common tick-transmitted bacterial infection caused by the spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi. Therefore, it should come as no surprise that their opinions would clash with the IDSA's (...)
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  14.  69
    What’s Wrong with the Modern Evolutionary Synthesis? A Critical Reply to Welch.Koen B. Tanghe, Alexis De Tiège, Lieven Pauwels, Stefaan Blancke & Johan Braeckman - 2018 - Biology and Philosophy 33 (3-4):23.
    Welch :263–279, 2017) has recently proposed two possible explanations for why the field of evolutionary biology is plagued by a steady stream of claims that it needs urgent reform. It is either seriously deficient and incapable of incorporating ideas that are new, relevant and plausible or it is not seriously deficient at all but is prone to attracting discontent and to the championing of ideas that are not very relevant, plausible and/or not really new. He argues for the second explanation. (...)
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  15.  6
    Tause Kunnskaper I Nytt Lys?- Viktige Ansatser Og Nye Bøker Innenfor Feltet.Kjell S. Johannessen - 2013 - Norsk Filosofisk Tidsskrift 48 (2):144-153.
    In this article I attack the scandalous one-sidedness of traditional philosophical epistemology. I make clear its total dependence on one and only one paradigm of knowledge – propositional knowledge. Such knowledge presupposes that we are always capable of fully articulate our knowledge verbally or notationally and support it by empirical or formal reasons. On this basis it becomes quite impossible to say anything sensible about, for instance, professional knowledge, not to speak of aesthetical or moral knowledge. Some of us have (...)
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  16.  48
    The sociobiology of genes: the gene’s eye view as a unifying behavioural-ecological framework for biological evolution.Alexis De Tiège, Yves Van de Peer, Johan Braeckman & Koen B. Tanghe - 2017 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 40 (1):6.
    Although classical evolutionary theory, i.e., population genetics and the Modern Synthesis, was already implicitly ‘gene-centred’, the organism was, in practice, still generally regarded as the individual unit of which a population is composed. The gene-centred approach to evolution only reached a logical conclusion with the advent of the gene-selectionist or gene’s eye view in the 1960s and 1970s. Whereas classical evolutionary theory can only work with fitness differences between individual organisms, gene-selectionism is capable of working with fitness differences among genes (...)
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  17.  10
    Interpreting the History of Evolutionary Biology Through a Kuhnian Prism: Sense or Nonsense?Koen B. Tanghe, Lieven Pauwels, Alexis De Tiège & Johan Braeckman - 2021 - Perspectives on Science 29 (1):1-35.
    Traditionally, Thomas S. Kuhn’s The Structure of Scientific Revolutions is largely identified with his analysis of the structure of scientific revolutions. Here, we contribute to a minority tradition in the Kuhn literature by interpreting the history of evolutionary biology through the prism of the entire historical developmental model of sciences that he elaborates in The Structure. This research not only reveals a certain match between this model and the history of evolutionary biology but, more importantly, also sheds new light on (...)
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  18.  5
    Spinoza’s Doctrine of the Imitation of Affects and Teaching as the Art of Offering the Right Amount of Resistance.Johan Dahlbeck - unknown
    Proposal Information: In this paper it is argued that although Spinoza, unlike other great philosophers of the Enlightenment era, never actually wrote a philosophy of education as such, he did – in his Ethics – write a philosophy of self-improvement that is deeply educational at heart. When looked at against the background of his overall metaphysical system, the educational account that emerges is one that is highly curious and may even, to some extent at least, come across as counter-intuitive in (...)
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  19.  15
    A. Bertoni. Mathematical Methods of the Theory of Stochastic Automata. Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science, 3rd Symposium at Jadwisin Near Warsaw, June 17–22, 1974, Edited by A. Blikle, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Vol. 28, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, and New York, 1975, Pp. 9–22. - R. V. Freivald. Functions Computable in the Limit by Probabilistic Machines. Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science, 3rd Symposium at Jadwisin Near Warsaw, June 17–22, 1974, Edited by A. Blikle, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Vol. 28, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, and New York, 1975, Pp. 77–87. - B. Goetze and R. Klette. Some Properties of Limit Recursive Functions. Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science, 3rd Symposium at Jadwisin Near Warsaw, June 17–22, 1974, Edited by A. Blikle, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Vol. 28, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, and New York, 1975, Pp. 88–90. - Ole-Johan Dahl. An Approach to Correctness Proofs of Semicoroutines. [REVIEW]Steven S. Muchnick - 1977 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 42 (3):422-423.
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  20.  66
    The CSR-Quality Trade-Off: When Can Corporate Social Responsibility and Corporate Ability Compensate Each Other?Guido Berens, Cees B. M. van Riel & Johan van Rekom - 2007 - Journal of Business Ethics 74 (3):233 - 252.
    This paper investigates under what conditions a good corporate social responsibility (CSR) can compensate for a relatively poor corporate ability (CA) (quality), and vice versa. The authors conducted an experiment among business administration students, in which information about a financial services company's CA and CSR was provided. Participants indicated their preferences for the company's products, stocks, and jobs. The results show that for stock and job preferences, a poor CA can be compensated by a good CSR. For product preferences, a (...)
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  21.  44
    Birdsong, Speech, and Language: Exploring the Evolution of Mind and Brain.Johan J. Bolhuis & Martin Everaert (eds.) - 2013 - MIT Press.
    Scholars have long been captivated by the parallels between birdsong and human speech and language. In this book, leading scholars draw on the latest research to explore what birdsong can tell us about the biology of human speech and language and the consequences for evolutionary biology. They examine the cognitive and neural similarities between birdsong learning and speech and language acquisition, considering vocal imitation, auditory learning, an early vocalization phase, the structural properties of birdsong and human language, and the striking (...)
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  22.  20
    Language in Action.Johan Benthem - 1991 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 20 (3):225 - 263.
    A number of general points behind the story of this paper may be worth setting out separately, now that we have come to the end.There is perhaps one obvious omission to be addressed right away. Although the word “information” has occurred throughout this paper, it must have struck the reader that we have had nothing to say on what information is. In this respect, our theories may be like those in physics: which do not explain what “energy” is (a notion (...)
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  23.  8
    Hobbes on Justice, Property Rights and Self-Ownership.Johan Olsthoorn - 2015 - History of Political Thought 36 (3):471-498.
    This article explores the conceptual relations Hobbes perceived between justice, law, and property rights. I argue that Hobbes developed three distinct arguments for the State-dependency of property over time: the Security, Precision and Creation Argument. On the last and most radical argument, the sovereign creates all property rights ex nihilo through distributive civil laws. Hobbes did not achieve this radically conventionalist position easily: it was not defended consistently until the redefinition of distributive justice as a virtue of arbitrators in Leviathan. (...)
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  24.  16
    Beyond Belief : On the Nature and Rationality of Agnostic Religion.Carl-Johan Palmqvist - 2020 - Printed in Sweden by Media-Tryck, Lund University.
    It is standardly assumed that a religious commitment needs to be based upon religious belief, if it is to be rationally acceptable. In this thesis, that assumption is rejected. I argue for the feasibility of belief-less religion, with a focus on the approach commonly known as “non-doxasticism”. According to non-doxasticism, a religious life might be properly based on some cognitive attitude weaker than belief, like hope, acceptance or belief-less assumption. It provides a way of being religious open exclusively to the (...)
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  25. What One May Come to Know.van Benthem Johan - 2004 - Analysis 64 (2):95–105.
    The general verificationist thesis says that What is true can be known or formally: φ → ◊Kφ VT Fitch's argument trivializes this principle. It uses a weak modal epistemic logic to show that VT collapses truth and knowledge, by taking a clever substitution instance for φ: P ∧ ¬KP → ◊ K(P ∧ ¬KP) Then we have the following chain of three conditionals (a) ◊ K(P ∧ ¬KP) → ◊ (KP ∧ K¬KP) in the minimal modal logic for the knowledge (...)
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  26.  74
    Anaphoric Presuppositions and Zero Anaphora.Kjell Johan Saeboe - 1996 - Linguistics and Philosophy 19 (2):187 - 209.
    The purpose of this paper is to use an anaphoric notion of presupposition for solving the problem of zero argument anaphora. Since Shopen (1973) it has been known that many missing arguments have an anaphoric interpretation, but it has not been known how this interpretation arises. I argue that these arguments are involved in presuppositions. On an anaphoric account of presuppositions as in van der Sandt (1992) or Kamp and Roßdeutscher (1992), it can be shown that the zero arguments acquire (...)
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  27.  22
    Struggle for Synthesis: The Seventeenth Century Background of Leibniz’ Synthesis of Order and Freedom. [REVIEW]F. B. C. - 1973 - Review of Metaphysics 27 (2):402-403.
    The distinguished Dutch cultural historian, Johan Huizinga, once observed that the 17th was the most complex and least understood of the modern European centuries. Professor Loemker, one of America’s foremost Leibniz scholars has written a learned and searching study in the intellectual history of the "baroque" century in an effort to illuminate the background of Leibniz’ synthesis of order of freedom, his system of universal harmony. The cacophonous period within which Leibniz philosophized presented an overriding geistige Aufgabe and the (...)
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  28. Fodor’s B Ubbe Meise Against Darwinism.Elliott Sober - 2008 - Mind and Language 23 (1):42-49.
  29.  40
    The Doctor-Patient Tie in Plato's Laws: A Backdrop for Reflection.S. B. Levin - 2012 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 37 (4):351-372.
    The merit of Plato’s Laws remains largely untapped by those seeking genuinely collaborative models of the doctor–patient tie as alternatives to paternalism and autonomy. A persistent difficulty confronting proposed alternatives has been surpassing the notion of pronounced intellectual and values asymmetry favoring the doctor. Having discussed two prominent proposals, both of which evince marked paternalism, I argue that reflection on Plato yields four criteria that a genuinely collaborative model must meet and suggest how the Laws addresses them. In the process, (...)
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  30.  15
    Plato's Epistles. [REVIEW]S. B. R. - 1962 - Review of Metaphysics 16 (2):397-397.
    A new translation of the Platonic Letters, with clear and judicious discussion of their importance and individual claims to authenticity. By comparing the ideas expressed in the epistles with those in the late dialogues, Morrow provides an excellent corrective to some earlier views that the doctrines are un-Platonic because they do not square with passages in the middle period dialogues. Letters VII and VIII, the longest and most important of the collection, are shown to have excellent claims to authenticity. An (...)
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  31.  7
    Plato's Meno. [REVIEW]S. B. R. - 1962 - Review of Metaphysics 15 (4):678-678.
    This is the first new edition of the Meno with English commentary and annotation since Thompson's in 1901. Dr. Bluck brings to bear more recent scholarship in his commentary and notes, which are judicious and thorough; and his new collations help to make the text the best available. Any account of the Meno's truth and meaning should begin with the careful textual, philological, logical, and historical considerations of the commentary and introduction of this new edition.--R. S. B.
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  32. Partial Degrees and the Density Problem. Part 2: The Enumeration Degrees of the ∑2 Sets Are Dense.S. B. Cooper - 1984 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 49 (2):503 - 513.
  33.  31
    Leo Strauss's Classic Natural Right Teaching.S. B. Drury - 1987 - Political Theory 15 (3):299-315.
  34. Reviews. [REVIEW]Johan Grasman, B. Theunissen, E. Otten & J. A. M. Gisbergen - 1987 - Acta Biotheoretica 36 (1).
  35.  93
    H.L.A. Hart's Minimum Content Theory of Natural Law.S. B. Drury - 1981 - Political Theory 9 (4):533-546.
  36.  47
    Natural Rationality: A Neglected Concept in the Social Sciences.S. B. Barnes - 1976 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 6 (2):115-126.
  37.  8
    Peirce’s Philosophy of Science: Critical Studies in His Theory of Induction and Scientific Method. [REVIEW]B. R. S. - 1979 - Review of Metaphysics 32 (3):565-566.
    Rescher examines Peirce’s view of science in terms of four major topics, each of which forms one of the four chapters of the book: the self-correctiveness of science, scientific progress and completability, the efficiency of scientific inquiry, and the economy of research. In the first chapter, Rescher defends Peirce’s position against the attack that though Peirce considers self-correctiveness a crucial aspect of scientific methodology in general, and recognizes that the inductive methodology of science includes not only quantitative but also qualitative (...)
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  38.  45
    C. I. Lewis’s Theory of Meaning and Theory of Value. [REVIEW]B. R. S. - 1978 - Review of Metaphysics 32 (1):158-158.
    This examination of C. I. Lewis’s theory of meaning and theory of value argues that while Lewis’s own statement of the connection between them is inadequate, a way can be shown which allows for a connection between the two. The amount of space devoted to this endeavor is even briefer than the length of the book indicates, for the last nineteen pages consist of an appendix on Quine’s theory of meaning, and there are numbered but blank pages between chapters. The (...)
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  39.  13
    Peirce’s Philosophy of Science.B. R. S. - 1979 - Review of Metaphysics 32 (3):565-566.
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  40.  11
    Minimal Pairs and High Recursively Enumerable Degrees.S. B. Cooper - 1974 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 39 (4):655-660.
  41.  17
    Minimal Degrees and the Jump Operator.S. B. Cooper - 1973 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 38 (2):249-271.
  42.  16
    The Black Book of Winchester. W. H. B. BirdThe Ancient Usages of the City of Winchester From the Anglo-French Version Preserved in Winchester College. J. S. Furley. [REVIEW]N. S. B. Gras - 1928 - Speculum 3 (2):264-265.
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  43.  21
    Properly Σ2 Enumeration Degrees.S. B. Cooper & C. S. Copestake - 1988 - Zeitschrift fur mathematische Logik und Grundlagen der Mathematik 34 (6):491-522.
  44.  70
    An Atmosphere Effect in Formal Syllogistic Reasoning.R. S. Woodworth & S. B. Sells - 1935 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 18 (4):451.
  45.  10
    I. Leo Strauss's Classic Natural Right Teaching.S. B. Drury - 1987 - Political Theory 15 (3):299-315.
  46. Temporality, Selfhood, and Creative Intentionality: Mead's Phenomenological Synthesis: The Constructive Scanning of Life: The Spread and Horizons of Chronos and Kairos.S. B. Rosenthal - 1996 - Analecta Husserliana 48:69-76.
     
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  47.  35
    Partial Degrees and the Density Problem.S. B. Cooper - 1982 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 47 (4):854-859.
  48.  6
    Properly Σ2 Enumeration Degrees.S. B. Cooper & C. S. Copestake - 1988 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 34 (6):491-522.
  49.  14
    Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries Radioactivity and Atomic Theory. Presenting Facsimile Reproduction of the Annual Reports on Radioactivity 1904–1920 to the Chemical Society. By Frederick Soddy, F.R.S. Ed. With Commentary by Thaddeus J. Trenn. London: Taylor & Francis, 1975. Pp. Xv + 517. £12·00. [REVIEW]S. B. Sinclair - 1977 - British Journal for the History of Science 10 (2):182-182.
  50. The Hidden Meaning of Strauss's" Thoughts on Machiavelli.".S. B. Drury - 1985 - History of Political Thought 3 (3):575-590.
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