Results for 'Klebsiella pneumoniae'

50 found
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  1.  51
    Clinical Diagnosis of Pneumonia, Typical of Experts.Olli S. Miettinen, Kenneth M. Flegel & Johann Steurer - 2008 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 14 (2):343-350.
  2.  14
    Community-Acquired Pneumonia. The Tyranny of a Term.B. Lorber & T. Fekete - 2011 - The Pharos of Alpha Omega Alpha-Honor Medical Society. Alpha Omega Alpha 74 (2):19.
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  3.  10
    Re:" Community-Acquired Pneumonia".C. E. Ravin - 2011 - The Pharos of Alpha Omega Alpha-Honor Medical Society. Alpha Omega Alpha 74 (4):52.
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  4.  8
    Scott H. Podolsky. Pneumonia Before Antibiotics: Therapeutic Evolution and Evaluation in Twentieth‐Century America. X + 254 Pp., Figs., Index. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2006. $49.95. [REVIEW]Anne Hardy - 2007 - Isis 98 (2):412-413.
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  5.  4
    The Pathophysiology of Influenzal Pneumonia in 1918.Kingsley M. Stevens - 1981 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 25 (1):115-125.
  6.  13
    Effect of the Novel Coronavirus Pneumonia Pandemic on Medical Students’ Psychological Stress and Its Influencing Factors.Wan Ye, Xinxin Ye, Yuanyuan Liu, Qixi Liu, Somayeh Vafaei, Yuzhen Gao, Huiqin Yu, Yanxia Zhong & Chenju Zhan - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  7.  31
    Changing Clinical Practice: Management of Paediatric Community‐Acquired Pneumonia.Mohamed A. Elemraid, Stephen P. Rushton, Matthew F. Thomas, David A. Spencer, Katherine M. Eastham, Andrew R. Gennery & Julia E. Clark - 2014 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 20 (1):94-99.
  8.  21
    An Evaluation of Machine-Learning Methods for Predicting Pneumonia Mortality.Gregory F. Cooper, Constantin F. Aliferis, Richard Ambrosino, John Aronis, Bruce G. Buchanon, Richard Caruana, Michael J. Fine, Clark Glymour, Geoffrey Gordon, Barbara H. Hanusa, Janine E. Janosky, Christopher Meek, Tom Mitchell, Thomas Richardson & Peter Spirtes - unknown
    This paper describes the application of eight statistical and machine-learning methods to derive computer models for predicting mortality of hospital patients with pneumonia from their findings at initial presentation. The eight models were each constructed based on 9847 patient cases and they were each evaluated on 4352 additional cases. The primary evaluation metric was the error in predicted survival as a function of the fraction of patients predicted to survive. This metric is useful in assessing a model’s potential to assist (...)
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  9.  12
    Clinical and Economic Outcomes of Pneumonia in Children: A Longitudinal Observational Study in an Italian Paediatric Hospital.V. Di Ciommo, P. Russo, E. Attanasio, G. Di Liso, C. Graziani & L. Caprino - 2002 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 8 (3):341-348.
  10.  45
    Decisions to Treat or Not to Treat Pneumonia in Demented Psychogeriatric Nursing Home Patients: Development of a Guideline.J. T. van der Steen - 2000 - Journal of Medical Ethics 26 (2):114-120.
    Non-treatment decisions concerning demented patients are complex: in addition to issues concerning the health of patients, ethical and legal issues are involved. This paper describes a method for the development of a guideline that clarifies the steps to be taken in the decision making process whether to forgo curative treatment of pneumonia in psychogeriatric nursing home patients.The method of development consisted of seven steps. Step 1 was a literature study from which ethical, juridical and medical factors concerning the patient's health (...)
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  11.  15
    Impact of Postgraduate Education on Physician Practice for Community‐Acquired Pneumonia.Hiroshi Ikai, Takeshi Morimoto, Takuro Shimbo, Yuichi Imanaka & Kaoru Koike - 2012 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (2):389-395.
  12.  11
    Expert Consensus for Respiratory Physiotherapy Management of Mechanically Ventilated Adults with Community-Acquired Pneumonia: A Delphi Study.Lisa van der Lee, Anne-Marie Hill & Shane Patman - forthcoming - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice.
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  13.  10
    Research Letter: Antimicrobial Prescription Patterns for Children Hospitalized with Pneumonia and Compliance to Guidelines in Japan: A Multicenter Study.Hiromasa Sasaki, Yuichi Imanaka, Miho Sekimoto, Jason Lee & Tetsuya Otsubo - 2010 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 16 (5):987-989.
  14.  9
    Emergence of Staphylococcal Cassette Chromosome Mec Type IV Methicillin‐Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus as a Cause of Ventilator‐Associated Pneumonia.M. D. D. Neofytos, M. D. B. Kuhn, M. D. S. Shen, M. D. X. Hua Zhu & M. D. P. Flomenberg - 2007 - Emergence: Complexity and Organization 28 (10):1206-1209.
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  15.  10
    Expert Consensus for Respiratory Physiotherapy Management of Mechanically Ventilated Adults with Community‐Acquired Pneumonia: A D Elphi Study.Lisa Lee, Anne-Marie Hill & Shane Patman - 2019 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 25 (2):230-243.
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  16. Uptake of Extracellular DNA: Competence Induced Pili in Natural Transformation of Streptococcus Pneumoniae.Sandra Muschiol, Murat Balaban, Staffan Normark & Birgitta Henriques‐Normark - 2015 - Bioessays 37 (4):426-435.
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  17.  16
    Epidemiology and Antimicrobial Resistance of Streptococcus Pneumoniae Strains Isolated in Niš District During 1999-2003.Snežana Mladenović-Antić, Branislava Kocić, Gordana Ranđelović, Slavica Ivić & Predrag Stojanović - 2006 - Facta Universitatis, Series: Linguistics and Literature 13 (1):25-31.
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  18.  39
    Dementia, Identity and the Role of Friends.Christopher Cowley - 2018 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 21 (2):255-264.
    Ronald Dworkin introduced the example of Margo, who was so severely demented that she could not recognise any family or friends, and could not remember anything of her life. At the same time, however, she seemed full of childish delight. Dworkin also imagines that, before her dementia, Margo signed an advance refusal of life-saving treatment. Now severely demented, she develops pneumonia, easy to treat, but lethal if untreated. Dworkin argues that the advance refusal ought to be heeded and Margo be (...)
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  19.  5
    Transfer Learning and Semisupervised Adversarial Detection and Classification of COVID-19 in CT Images.Ariyo Oluwasanmi, Muhammad Umar Aftab, Zhiguang Qin, Son Tung Ngo, Thang Van Doan, Son Ba Nguyen & Son Hoang Nguyen - 2021 - Complexity 2021:1-11.
    The ongoing coronavirus 2019 pandemic caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 has resulted in a severe ramification on the global healthcare system, principally because of its easy transmission and the extended period of the virus survival on contaminated surfaces. With the advances in computer-aided diagnosis and artificial intelligence, this paper presents the application of deep learning and adversarial network for the automatic identification of COVID-19 pneumonia in computed tomography scans of the lungs. The complexity and time limitation (...)
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  20. An Expert System for Diagnosing Shortness of Breath in Infants and Children.Jihan Y. AbuEl-Reesh & Samy S. Abu-Naser - 2018 - International Journal of Engineering and Information Systems (IJEAIS) 1 (4):89-101.
    Background: With the coming of the Industrial Revolution, the levels of pollution grow significantly. This Technological development contributed to the worsening of shortness breath problems in great shape. especially in infants and children. There are many shortness breath diseases that infants and children face in their lives. Shortness of breath is one of a very serious symptom in children and infants and should never be ignored. Objectives: Along these lines, the main goal of this expert system is to help physician (...)
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  21.  3
    2019-nCoV Transmission in Hubei Province, China: Stochastic and Deterministic Analyses.Zhiming Li, Zhidong Teng & Changxing Ma - 2020 - Complexity 2020:1-12.
    Currently, a novel coronavirus causes an outbreak of viral pneumonia in Hubei province, China. In this paper, stochastic and deterministic models are proposed to investigate the transmission mechanism of 2019-nCoV from 15 January to 5 February 2020 in Hubei province. For the deterministic model, basic reproduction number R0 is defined and endemic equilibrium is given. Under R0>1, quasi-stationary distribution of the stochastic process is approximated by Gaussian diffusion. Residual, sensitivity, dynamical, and diffusion analyses of the models are conducted. Further, control (...)
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  22.  47
    Large Scale Organisational Intervention to Improve Patient Safety in Four UK Hospitals: Mixed Method Evaluation.A. Benning, M. Ghaleb, A. Suokas, M. Dixon-Woods, J. Dawson, N. Barber, B. D. Franklin, A. Girling, K. Hemming, M. Carmalt, G. Rudge, T. Naicker, U. Nwulu, S. Choudhury & R. Lilford - unknown
    Objectives To conduct an independent evaluation of the first phase of the Health Foundation’s Safer Patients Initiative (SPI), and to identify the net additional effect of SPI and any differences in changes in participating and non-participating NHS hospitals. Design Mixed method evaluation involving five substudies, before and after design. Setting NHS hospitals in the United Kingdom. Participants Four hospitals (one in each country in the UK) participating in the first phase of the SPI (SPI1); 18 control hospitals. Intervention The SPI1 (...)
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  23.  13
    Can Health Care Rationing Ever Be Rational?David A. Gruenewald - 2012 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 40 (1):17-25.
    Mr. M. was a 77-year-old decisionally incapacitated long-term nursing home resident with chronic schizophrenia who was admitted to the hospital with a bacterial pneumonia. His past medical history was notable for deteriorating functional status over the past 2-3 years, urinary retention requiring chronic indwelling bladder catheterization, and two recent hospitalizations for urinary tract infections leading to sepsis. He developed respiratory failure soon after admission and was intubated and placed on mechanical ventilation. Follow-up studies suggested worsening pneumonia and acute respiratory distress (...)
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  24.  31
    Community Based Trials and Informed Consent in Rural North India.A. DeCosta - 2004 - Journal of Medical Ethics 30 (3):318-323.
    Disease control has increasingly shifted towards large scale, disease specific, public health interventions. The emerging problems of HIV, hepatitis, malaria, typhoid, tuberculosis, childhood pneumonia, and meningitis have made community based trials of interventions a cost effective long term investment for the health of a population. The authors conducted this study to explore the complexities involved in obtaining informed consent to participation in rural north India, and how people there make decisions related to participation in clinical research.
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  25.  67
    Medical Futility in Resuscitation: Value Judgement and Clinical Judgement.Michael Coogan - 1993 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 2 (2):197.
    Mr. F. Smith was a 63-year-old man admitted to the Veterans Administration hospital with fever, respiratory distress, and a possible recurrent pneumonia. He had entered a community hospital with pneumonia approximately 18 months earlier. His 80 pack-year tobacco history and 10-year emphysema history complicated the clinical course on the first admission, and his status worsened to the point of respiratory failure. He suffered a cardiac arrest while on a ventilator in an intensive care unit. He was asystolic for approximately 5 (...)
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  26.  2
    Nurses’ Ethical Challenges Caring for People with COVID-19: A Qualitative Study.Yuxiu Jia, Ou Chen, Zhiying Xiao, Juan Xiao, Junping Bian & Hongying Jia - forthcoming - Nursing Ethics:096973302094445.
    Background: Ethical challenges are common in clinical nursing practice, and an infectious environment could put nurses under ethical challenges more easily, which may cause nurses to submit to negative emotions and psychological pressure, damaging their mental health. Purpose: To examine the ethical challenges encountered by nurses caring for patients with the novel coronavirus pneumonia and to provide nurses with suggestions and support regarding promotion of their mental health. Research design and method: A qualitative study was carried out using a qualitative (...)
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  27. The Problem of Proxies with Interests of Their Own.John Hardwig - unknown
    A 78 year old married woman with progressive Alzheimer's disease was admitted to a local hospital with pneumonia and other medical problems. She recognized no one and had been incontinent for about a year. Despite aggressive treatment, the pneumonia failed to resolve and it seemed increasingly likely that this admission was to be for terminal care. The patient's husband (who had been taking care of her in their home) began requesting that the doctors be less aggressive in her treatment and, (...)
     
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  28.  6
    I Am Not Interested in Talking with You.Adam Peña & Trevor Bibler - 2016 - Hastings Center Report 46 (4):7-9.
    Mr. M is an eighty-five-year-old who presented to the hospital with congestive heart failure exacerbation, pneumonia, altered mental status, and sepsis. A physician determines that he lacks capacity, and the team in the intensive care unit looks to the patient's daughter, Celia, as his surrogate decision-maker because she is named as an agent in his medical power of attorney form. While in the ICU, Mr. M suffers acute respiratory distress secondary to pneumonia and thus requires intubation. Celia accepts several life-sustaining (...)
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  29.  53
    Do Physicians' Own Preferences for Life-Sustaining Treatment Influence Their Perceptions of Patients' Preferences? A Second Look.Lawrence J. Schneiderman, Robert M. Kaplan, Esther Rosenberg & Holly Teetzel - 1997 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 6 (2):131-.
    Previous studies have documented the fallibility of attempts by surrogates and physicians to act in a substituted judgment capacity and predict end-of-life treatment decisions on behalf of patients. We previously reported that physicians misperceive their patients' preferences and substitute their own preferences for those of their patients with respect to four treatments: cardiopulmonary resuscitation in the event of cardiac arrest, ventilator for an indefinite period of time, medical nutrition and hydration for an indefinite period of time, and hospitalization in the (...)
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  30.  25
    Change of Type as an Explanation for the Decline of Therapeutic Bloodletting.K. Codell Carter - 2010 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 41 (1):1-11.
    In clinical lectures given between 1850 and 1852, William Pultney Alison, a senior Edinburgh physician, reflected on whether therapeutic bloodletting could be useful in some cases of pneumonia but harmful in others. If so, Alison reasoned, a change in the form of the disease—a change of type—could explain why therapeutic bloodletting had been nearly abandoned in treating a disease for which, only a few years earlier, it had been the standard therapy. In response, a young pathologist, John Hughes Bennett, denied (...)
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  31.  23
    Benign Neglect or Neglected Abuse Drug and Alcohol Withdrawal in U.S. Jails.Kevin Fiscella, Naomi Pless, Sean Meldrum & Paul Fiscella - 2004 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 32 (1):129-136.
    Two days following her arrest, a forty-four-year-old woman died in jail from aspiration pneumonia secondary to Untreated opiate withdrawal. The New York State Commission of Corrections concluded in its final report that had adequate medical evaluation and treatment been afforded, her death would have been prevented. A forty-six-year-old male with a history of alcohol dependence was arrested for trespassing and held in the county jail. Three days later he became agitated and aggressive. Following physician orders, deputies placed him in restraints. (...)
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  32.  52
    Islamic Views on Artificial Nutrition and Hydration in Terminally Ill Patients.Sami Alsolamy - 2014 - Bioethics 28 (2):96-99.
    Withholding and withdrawing artificial nutrition and hydration from terminally ill patients poses many ethical challenges. The literature provides little information about the Islamic beliefs, attitudes, and laws related to these challenges. Artificial nutrition and hydration may be futile and reduce quality of life. They can also harm the terminally ill patient because of complications such as aspiration pneumonia, dyspnea, nausea, diarrhea, and hypervolemia. From the perspective of Islam, rules governing the care of terminally ill patients are derived from the principle (...)
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  33.  5
    Benign Neglect or Neglected Abuse: Drug and Alcohol Withdrawal in U.S. Jails.Kevin Fiscella, Naomi Pless, Sean Meldrum & Paul Fiscella - 2004 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 32 (1):129-136.
    Two days following her arrest, a forty-four-year-old woman died in jail from aspiration pneumonia secondary to Untreated opiate withdrawal. The New York State Commission of Corrections concluded in its final report that had adequate medical evaluation and treatment been afforded, her death would have been prevented. A forty-six-year-old male with a history of alcohol dependence was arrested for trespassing and held in the county jail. Three days later he became agitated and aggressive. Following physician orders, deputies placed him in restraints. (...)
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  34. La Morte di Descartes. I Pensieri Della Filosofia, le Cure Della Medicina, I Conforti Della Religione.Mariafranca Spallanzani - 2012 - Rivista di Storia Della Filosofia 1:89-105.
    Descartes died in Stockholm on 11 February 1650 from pneumonia contracted during the freezing cold mornings spent in his philosophical colloquia with Queen Christina. According to Chanut, who stayed with him until the very end, his death was "sweet and very much like his life". These words have always been held to be of fundamental importance in the different accounts of the philosopher's death, especially in Adrien Baillet's Vie de Monsieur Descartes. The literature that flourished around Descartes' death has always (...)
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  35.  40
    Attitudes and Behaviors of Japanese Physicians Concerning Withholding and Withdrawal of Life-Sustaining Treatment for End-of-Life Patients: Results From an Internet Survey.Seiji Bito & Atsushi Asai - 2007 - BMC Medical Ethics 8 (1):1-9.
    Background Evidence concerning how Japanese physicians think and behave in specific clinical situations that involve withholding or withdrawal of medical interventions for end-of-life or frail elderly patients is yet insufficient. Methods To analyze decisions and actions concerning the withholding/withdrawal of life-support care by Japanese physicians, we conducted cross-sectional web-based internet survey presenting three scenarios involving an elderly comatose patient following a severe stroke. Volunteer physicians were recruited for the survey through mailing lists and medical journals. The respondents answered questions concerning (...)
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  36.  8
    Serving the Very Sick, Very Frail, and Very Old: Geriatrics, Palliative Care, and Clinical Ethics.Alexander K. Smith & Guy Micco - 2017 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 60 (4):503-518.
    How can we provide the best care for the growing population of older adults, many of whom are either very frail or very sick? The traditional medical model of care is focused on treatment of single diseases. This can work well for pneumonia, cancer, or diabetes in younger patients. It does not, however, work as well for frail older adults who have accumulated multiple chronic conditions and disabilities. These elders often depend on family or paid caregivers to provide assistance with (...)
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  37.  6
    Drs Bramhall and Bawa-Garba and the Rightful Domain of the Criminal Law.Suzanne Ost - 2019 - Journal of Medical Ethics 45 (3):151-155.
    In the wake of two recent high-profile, controversial cases involving the prosecution and conviction of Drs Bramhall and Bawa-Garba, this article considers when it is socially desirable to criminalise doctors’ behaviour, exploring how the matters of harm, public wrongs and the public interest can play out to justify—or not, as the case may be—the criminal law’s intervention. Dr Bramhall branded his initials on patients’ livers during transplant surgery, behaviour acknowledged not to have caused his patients any harm by way of (...)
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  38.  12
    The Giver of Oxygen: Hercules Sanche and the Oxydonor. [REVIEW]Micaela Sullivan-Fowler - 1996 - Journal of Medical Humanities 17 (1):31-43.
    During the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, gas-pipes were among the most popular therapeutic devices available to an unhealthy public. Spurred on by the explosion of print advertising, mail-order gas-pipes were questionable remedies promoted for such diverse conditions as pneumonia and neurasthenia. Though they are an interesting part of the social history of questionable therapeutics, no historian has recently looked in depth at these devices. This paper examines the clinical, social, and economic environment that facilitated the success of the (...)
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  39.  13
    Challenges in the Provision of ICU Services to HIV Infected Children in Resource Poor Settings: A South African Case Study.P. M. Jeena - 2005 - Journal of Medical Ethics 31 (4):226-230.
    The HIV/AIDS epidemic has placed increasing demands on limited paediatric intensive care services in developing countries. The decision to admit HIV infected children with Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia into the paediatric intensive care unit has to be made on the best available evidence of outcome and the ethical principles guiding appropriate use of scarce resources. The difficulty in confirming the diagnosis of HIV infection and PCP in infancy, issues around HIV counselling, and the variance in the outcome of HIV infected children (...)
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  40.  13
    Leonard Nelson.Kelley Ross - manuscript
    Leonard Nelson, described by Karl Popper as an "outstanding personality," produced a great quantity of work in a tragically short life. The quantity and the tragedy may have both happened because Nelson was an insomniac who worked day and night and exhausted himself into a fatal case of pneumonia.
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  41.  5
    When Patients' Values Challenge Professional Integrity: Which Way Out?Marta Spranzi - 2016 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 59 (3):326-336.
    An elderly patient in his early eighties is hospitalized in a long-term facility, with advanced Alzheimer disease. He is otherwise relatively strong and free from other life-threatening conditions, except for the fact that he has difficulties swallowing. After several episodes of acute aspiration pneumonia doctors prescribe “strict fast”: only hydration through an IV catheter should be administered during the night, in order to relieve the feeling of hunger, provide comfort, and stave off death. The patient is surrounded by a warm (...)
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  42.  2
    Applying Deep Learning Methods on Time-Series Data for Forecasting COVID-19 in Egypt, Kuwait, and Saudi Arabia.Nahla F. Omran, Sara F. Abd-el Ghany, Hager Saleh, Abdelmgeid A. Ali, Abdu Gumaei & Mabrook Al-Rakhami - 2021 - Complexity 2021:1-13.
    The novel coronavirus disease is regarded as one of the most imminent disease outbreaks which threaten public health on various levels worldwide. Because of the unpredictable outbreak nature and the virus’s pandemic intensity, people are experiencing depression, anxiety, and other strain reactions. The response to prevent and control the new coronavirus pneumonia has reached a crucial point. Therefore, it is essential—for safety and prevention purposes—to promptly predict and forecast the virus outbreak in the course of this troublesome time to have (...)
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  43.  11
    Do Physicians' Own Preferences for Life-Sustaining Treatment Influence Their Perceptions of Patients' Preferences? A Second Look.Lawrence J. Schneiderman, Robert M. Kaplan, Esther Rosenberg & Holly Teetzel - 1997 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 6 (2):131-137.
    Previous studies have documented the fallibility of attempts by surrogates and physicians to act in a substituted judgment capacity and predict end-of-life treatment decisions on behalf of patients. We previously reported that physicians misperceive their patients' preferences and substitute their own preferences for those of their patients with respect to four treatments: cardiopulmonary resuscitation in the event of cardiac arrest, ventilator for an indefinite period of time, medical nutrition and hydration for an indefinite period of time, and hospitalization in the (...)
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  44.  43
    Limiting But Not Abandoning Treatment in Severely Mentally Impaired Patients: A Troubling Issue for Ethics Consultants and Ethics Committees.Erich H. Loewy - 1994 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 3 (2):216.
    On many occasions, care givers are faced with problems in which “drastic” types of treatment seem clearly inappropriate but “lesser” interventions still appear to be advisable, if not indeed mandatory. In the hospital setting, examples are frequent: the demented elderly patient, still very much capable of brief social interactions and still able to enjoy at least limited life, who although clearly not a candidate for coronary bypass surgery is, nevertheless, a patient in whom an intercurrent pneumonia deserves treatment; the severely (...)
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  45. Der rätselhafte Tod des René Descartes.Theodor Ebert - 2009 - Alibri Verlag.
    This monograph discusses the illness and death of René Descartes. All the hitherto available documents on his illness and death are collected in the appendix, partly also in the orginal French or Latin. These documents make it rather unlikely that Descartes died of pneumonia, the circumstances of his death suggest a poisoning by arsenic. The possible murderer and his motives are also discussed.
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  46.  17
    Optimization for Nonlinear Uncertain Switched Stochastic Systems with Initial State Difference in Batch Culture Process.Jinlong Yuan, Jun Xie, Honglei Xu, Enmin Feng & Zhilong Xiu - 2019 - Complexity 2019:1-15.
    Based on the deterministic description of batch culture expressed in form of switched ordinary differential equations, we introduce a switched stochastic counterpart system with initial state difference together with uncertain switching instants and system parameters to model the process of glycerol biodissimilation to 1,3-propanediol induced byKlebsiella pneumoniae. Important properties of the stochastic system are discussed. Our aim is to obtain the unified switched instants and system parameters under the condition of different initial states. To do this, we will formulate (...)
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  47.  11
    Estimating Mann–Whitney-Type Causal Effects for Right-Censored Survival Outcomes.Zhiwei Zhang, Chunling Liu, Shujie Ma & Min Zhang - 2018 - Journal of Causal Inference 7 (1).
    Mann–Whitney-type causal effects are clinically relevant, easy to interpret, and readily applicable to a wide range of study settings. This article considers estimation of such effects when the outcome variable is a survival time subject to right censoring. We derive and discuss several methods: an outcome regression method based on a regression model for the survival outcome, an inverse probability weighting method based on models for treatment assignment and censoring, and two doubly robust methods that involve both types of models (...)
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  48.  12
    Child Morbidity Patterns in Ethiopia.A. G. Yohannes, K. Streatfield & L. Bost - 1992 - Journal of Biosocial Science 24 (2):143-155.
    This study is based on the 1983 Rural Health Survey of Ethiopia. Patterns and levels of child morbidity by age, sex, geographic region, and sanitary facilities are examined. Morbidity levels peak in the second year of life. Diarrhoeal diseases are of major importance, especially among infants and toddlers. Parasitic diseases, and respiratory diseases other than pneumonia, become increasingly important with age.There are no significant sex differentials in morbidity except for higher rates of diarrhoeal diseases among female children. Geographic differentials are (...)
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  49.  11
    Improving Reliability of Clinical Care Practices for Ventilated Patients in the Context of a Patient Safety Improvement Initiative.Anna Pinto, Susan Burnett, Jonathan Benn, Stephen Brett, Anam Parand, Sandra Iskander & Charles Vincent - 2011 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (1):180-187.
  50.  14
    Quantitative Evaluation of a Clinical Intervention Aimed at Changing Prescriber Behaviour in Response to New Guidelines.Sophie Doyon, Mélissa Perreault, Christopher Marquis, Josianne Gauthier, Denis Lebel, Benoit Bailey, Johanne Collin & Jean-François Bussières - 2009 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 15 (6):1111-1117.