Results for 'Knut Borch-Johnsen'

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  1. Genes and Family Environment in Familial Clustering of Cancer.Knut Borch-Johnsen, Jørgen H. Olsen & Thorkild I. A. Sørensen - 1994 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 15 (4).
    Familial clustering of a disease is defined as the occurrence of the disease within some families in excess of what would be expected from the occurrence in the population. It has been demonstrated for several cancer types, ranging from rare cancers as the adenomatosis-coli-associated colon cancer or the Li-Fraumeni syndrome to more common cancers as breast cancer and colon cancer. Familial clustering, however, is merely an epidemiological pattern, and it does not tell whether genetic or environmental causes or both in (...)
     
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  2. Social Avalanche: Crowds, Cities and Financial Markets.Christian Borch - 2020 - Cambridge University Press.
    Individuality and collectivity are central concepts in sociological inquiry. Incorporating cultural history, social theory, urban and economic sociology, Borch proposes an innovative rethinking of these key terms and their interconnections via the concept of the social avalanche. Drawing on classical sociology, he argues that while individuality embodies a tension between the collective and individual autonomy, certain situations, such as crowds and other moments of group behaviour, can subsume the individual entirely within the collective. These events, or social avalanches, produce an (...)
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  3.  68
    Contextualist Swords, Skeptical Plowshares.Bredo C. Johnsen - 2001 - Philosophical and Phenomenological Research 62 (2):385-406.
    Radical skepticism, the view that no human being has any contingent knowledge of any external world there may be, has few adherents these days. But many who reject it concede that such skeptical arguments as SA require some sort of response, since they are obviously valid and their premises are, at the very least, highly plausible.
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  4. “How to Read ‘Epistemology Naturalized’”.Bredo C. Johnsen - 2005 - Journal of Philosophy 102 (2):78 - 93.
  5.  78
    The Ethics of "Commercial Bribery": Integrative Social Contract Theory Meets Transaction Cost Economics. [REVIEW]D. Bruce Johnsen - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 88 (S4):791 - 803.
    This article provides an ISCT analysis of commercial bribery focused on transaction cost economics. In the language of Antitrust, commercial bribery is a form of vertical arrangement subject to the same efficiency analysis that has found other vertical arrangements potentially beneficial to consumers. My analysis shows that actions condemned as commerical bribery in the Honda case (1996) may well have benefited Honda's dealer network once promotional free riding and other forms of rent seeking by dealers are considered. I propose that (...)
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  6.  7
    The Ethics of “Commercial Bribery”: Integrative Social Contract Theory Meets Transaction Cost Economics.D. Bruce Johnsen - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 88 (S4):791-803.
    This article provides an ISCT analysis of commercial bribery focused on transaction cost economics. In the language of Antitrust, commercial bribery is a form of vertical arrangement subject to the same efficiency analysis that has found other vertical arrangements potentially beneficial to consumers. My analysis shows that actions condemned as commerical bribery in the Honda case may well have benefited Honda's dealer network once promotional free riding and other forms of rent seeking by dealers are considered. I propose that the (...)
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  7. The Argument for Radical Skepticism Concerning the External World.Bredo C. Johnsen - 2009 - Journal of Philosophy 106 (12):679-693.
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  8.  10
    Designing a Delinked Incentive for Critical Antibiotics: Lessons From Norway.Christine Årdal, Jostein Johnsen & Karianne Johansen - 2018 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 46 (s1):43-49.
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  9.  26
    Socially Responsible Investing Growing Issues and New Opportunities.R. Bruce Hutton, Louis D'Antonio & Tommi Johnsen - 1998 - Business and Society 37 (3):281-305.
  10.  12
    Socially Responsible Investing: A Critical Appraisal. [REVIEW]D. Bruce Johnsen - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 43 (3):219 - 222.
    This paper makes three important points regarding socially responsible investing. First, the current methodology involving SRI fund divestiture of the securities of firms that engage in socially irresponsible activity often results in unacceptable unintended consequences. Second, in many cases the proper methodology for SRI funds may be purposely to include the securities of such firms in the portfolio in an effort to internalize socially irresponsible interfirm spillovers. Finally, that SRI fund managers may be able to bound their performance by organizing (...)
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  11.  9
    Who’s Afraid of Organization? Concepts, Process and Identity Thinking.Christian Garmann Johnsen - 2018 - Philosophy of Management 17 (3):303-319.
    This article argues that we should not abandon the noun ‘organization’ in favour of the verb ‘organizing’ in order to capture processes of change, flow and movement, but instead explore how such processes reveal themselves when the concept of organization diverges from the objects it is supposed to encapsulate. Here I make use of Adorno’s critique of identity thinking in order to show how the experience of organizational phenomena remains trapped within a contradiction: concepts are needed to describe objects even (...)
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  12.  64
    Reclaiming Quine’s Epistemology.Bredo C. Johnsen - 2014 - Synthese 191 (5):1-28.
    Central elements of W. V. Quine’s epistemology are widely and deeply misunderstood, including the following. He held from first to last that our evidence consists of the stimulations of our sense organs, and of our observations, and of our sensory experiences; meeting the interpretive challenge this poses is a sine qua non of understanding his epistemology. He counted both “This is blue” and “This looks blue” as observation sentences. He took introspective reports to have a high degree of certainty. He (...)
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  13. Is Vague Identity Incoherent?Bruce Johnsen - 1989 - Analysis 49 (3):103 - 112.
    Two purported proofs of the incoherence of vague identity are considered. First gareth evans's attempt is criticized and reformulated to overcome certain formal difficulties. Despite the reformulation, However, Evans's proof is demonstrated invalid in accord with a supervaluational approach. Next nathan salmon's attempt is evaluated. Here the problem is salmon's implicit assumption of a version of leibniz's law which is stronger than that strictly guaranteed by the law as it is given in classical logic. The question is raised on what (...)
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  14.  29
    Urban Imitations.C. Borch - 2005 - Theory, Culture and Society 22 (3):81-100.
    Although long forgotten, the sociology of Gabriel Tarde has suddenly re-emerged. This article backs up the renewed interest in Tarde in four ways. First, drawing upon the systems theory of Niklas Luhmann, it demonstrates that the usual critique of Tarde is false: Tarde’s theory of imitation is not trapped in any kind of psychologism but is, indeed, a pure sociology. Against this background, the second part of the article argues that the notion of imitation is closely tied to urbanity, which (...)
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  15.  4
    Sustainability Beyond Instrumentality: Towards an Immanent Ethics of Organizational Environmentalism.Christian Garmann Johnsen - forthcoming - Journal of Business Ethics:1-14.
    In research on organizational environmentalism, there has been a repeated call for ways to go beyond the business case for sustainability frame. While the business case frame assumes that developing eco-friendly solutions can benefit firms financially, this article highlights the importance of challenging established understandings of sustainability. To this end, I introduce Deleuze’s distinction between morality and ethics. Morality involves passing judgements on the basis of values. Ethics provides an immanent evaluation of the principles by which specific solutions are considered (...)
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  16.  4
    Sustainability Beyond Instrumentality: Towards an Immanent Ethics of Organizational Environmentalism.Christian Garmann Johnsen - forthcoming - Journal of Business Ethics.
    In research on organizational environmentalism, there has been a repeated call for ways to go beyond the business case for sustainability frame. While the business case frame assumes that developing eco-friendly solutions can benefit firms financially, this article highlights the importance of challenging established understandings of sustainability. To this end, I introduce Deleuze’s distinction between morality and ethics. Morality involves passing judgements on the basis of values. Ethics provides an immanent evaluation of the principles by which specific solutions are considered (...)
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  17.  8
    On the Coherence of Pyrrhonian Skepticism.Bredo C. Johnsen - 2001 - Philosophical Review 110 (4):521.
    Early in Outlines of Pyrrhonism Sextus Empiricus writes.
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  18.  67
    On the Coherence of Pyrrhonian Skepticism.Bredo C. Johnsen - 2001 - Philosophical Review 110 (4):521-561.
    Early in Outlines of Pyrrhonism Sextus Empiricus writes.
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  19. Dennett on Qualia and Consciousness: A Critique.Bredo Johnsen - 1997 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 27 (1):47-82.
    IntroductionIt is at least a bit embarrassing, perhaps even scandalous, that debate should still rage over the sheer existence of qualia, but they continue to find able defenders after decades of being attacked as relics of ghostly substances, epiphenomenal non-entities, nomological danglers and the like; the intensity of the current confrontation is captured vividly by Daniel Dennett:What are qualia, exactly? This obstreperous query is dismissed by one author by invoking Louis Armstrong's legendary reply when asked what jazz was: “If you (...)
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  20.  41
    Relevant Alternatives and Demon Skepticism.Bredo C. Johnsen - 1987 - Journal of Philosophy 84 (11):643-653.
  21.  34
    Personal Probabilities of Probabilities.Jacob Marschak, Morris H. Degroot, J. Marschak, Karl Borch, Herman Chernoff, Morris De Groot, Robert Dorfman, Ward Edwards, T. S. Ferguson, Koichi Miyasawa, Paul Randolph, Leonard J. Savage, Robert Schlaifer & Robert L. Winkler - 1975 - Theory and Decision 6 (2):121-153.
  22.  7
    Of Brains in Vats, Whatever Brains in Vats May Be.Bredo C. Johnsen - 2003 - Philosophical Studies 112 (3):225-249.
    Hilary Putnam has offered two arguments to show that we cannotbe brains in a vat, and one to show that our cognitive situationcannot be fully analogous to that of brains in a vat. The latterand one of the former are irreparably flawed by misapplicationsof, or mistaken inferences from, his semantic externalism; thethird yields only a simple logical truth. The metaphysical realismthat is Putnam’s ultimate target is perfectly consistent withsemantic externalism.
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  23.  23
    Reflexive Democracy: Creating Actionable Knowledge Through Regional Development Coalitions. [REVIEW]Hans Chr Garmann Johnsen, Roger Normann & Jens Kristian Fosse - 2005 - AI and Society 19 (4):442-463.
    This article seeks to develop a new theory of reflexive democracy, based on practical cases of action research in regional development, with particular reference to regional development coalitions. Reflexive democracy is located in the context of the debate on Scandinavian worklife, emphasising knowledge, dialogue, and legitimacy.
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  24.  48
    Continuing Issues in the Limitations of Pesticide Use in Developing Countries.Kishor Atreya, Bishal K. Sitaula, Fred H. Johnsen & Roshan M. Bajracharya - 2011 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 24 (1):49-62.
    The rationale for pesticide use in agriculture is that costs associated with pesticide pollution are to be justified by its benefits, but this is not so obvious. Valuing the benefits by simple economic analysis has increased pesticide use in agriculture and consequently produced pesticide-induced “public ills.” This paper attempts to explore the research gaps of the economic and social consequences of pesticide use in developing countries, particularly with an example of Nepal. We argue that although the negative sides of agricultural (...)
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  25.  30
    Probabilities of Probabilities.Karl Borch - 1975 - Theory and Decision 6 (2):155-159.
  26.  17
    Continuing Issues in the Limitations of Pesticide Use in Developing Countries.Kishor Atreya, Bishal K. Sitaula, Fred H. Johnsen & Roshan M. Bajracharya - 2011 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 24 (1):49-62.
    The rationale for pesticide use in agriculture is that costs associated with pesticide pollution are to be justified by its benefits, but this is not so obvious. Valuing the benefits by simple economic analysis has increased pesticide use in agriculture and consequently produced pesticide-induced “public ills.” This paper attempts to explore the research gaps of the economic and social consequences of pesticide use in developing countries, particularly with an example of Nepal. We argue that although the negative sides of agricultural (...)
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  27.  31
    Action Research and Knowledge Co-Generation: A Not so Dangerous Liaison with Conventional Social Research. [REVIEW]Hans Chr Garmann Johnsen - 2005 - AI and Society 19 (4):543-551.
    The article reflects on experience of action research in the context of regional development, where there has been pressure to produce practical results. The epistemological status of Action Research is explored, in contrast to conventional social science research. The article concludes that an ongoing relationship with conventional social research is necessary.
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  28.  67
    Black and the Inductive Justification of Induction.Bredo C. Johnsen - 1972 - Analysis 32 (3):110 - 112.
  29.  4
    Dennett on Qualia and Consciousness: A Critique.Bredo Johnsen - 1997 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 27 (1):47-81.
    IntroductionIt is at least a bit embarrassing, perhaps even scandalous, that debate should still rage over the sheer existence of qualia, but they continue to find able defenders after decades of being attacked as relics of ghostly substances, epiphenomenal non-entities, nomological danglers and the like; the intensity of the current confrontation is captured vividly by Daniel Dennett:What are qualia, exactly? This obstreperous query is dismissed by one author by invoking Louis Armstrong's legendary reply when asked what jazz was: “If you (...)
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  30.  4
    There-Sentences and Generalized Quantifiers.Lars G. Johnsen - 1987 - In Peter Gärdenfors (ed.), Generalized Quantifiers. Reidel Publishing Company. pp. 93--107.
  31.  71
    The Inverted Spectrum.Bredo C. Johnsen - 1986 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 64 (4):471-6.
  32.  40
    Welfare Functions and Group Decisions.Karl Borch - 1994 - Theory and Decision 17 (3):207-210.
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  33.  49
    Hume, Goodman and Radical Inductive Skepticism.Bredo Johnsen - 2014 - Synthese 191 (12):2791-2813.
    Goodman concurs in Hume’s contention that no theory has any probability relative to any set of data, and offers two accounts, compatible with that contention, of how some inductive inferences are nevertheless justified. The first, framed in terms of rules of inductive inference, is well known, significantly flawed, and enmeshed in Goodman’s unfortunate entrenchment theory and view of the mind as hypothesizing at random. The second, framed in terms of characteristics of inferred theories rather than rules of inference, is less (...)
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  34.  19
    Utility and Stochastic Dominance.Karl Borch - 1979 - In Maurice Allais & Ole Hagen (eds.), Expected Utility Hypotheses and the Allais Paradox. D. Reidel. pp. 193--201.
  35.  10
    A New Threat to Pregnant Women's Autonomy.Dawn Johnsen - 1987 - Hastings Center Report 17 (4):33-40.
  36.  23
    The Intelligibility of Spectrum Inversion.Bredo C. Johnsen - 1993 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 23 (4):631-6.
    Christopher Peacocke has recently made an important and insightful effort to fashion a non-verificationist method for distinguishing sense from nonsense. The argument is subtle and complex, and varies somewhat with each of his three target ‘spurious hypotheses’: that if a perfect fission of one person into two were to occur, one and only one of the resulting persons would be identical with the original; that another person’s visual experience can be qualitatively different from your own when you are both seeing (...)
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  37.  30
    Gregorian Chant as Musical Puzzles.Paul G. Johnsen - 1989 - Semiotics:185-192.
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  38.  28
    Specification of Objectives in Decision Problems.Karl Borch - 1970 - Theory and Decision 1 (1):5-21.
  39.  25
    Patterns in History.Paul Johnsen - 1989 - Semiotics:277-288.
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  40.  24
    Consumption and Saving: Models and Reality.Karl Borch - 1978 - Theory and Decision 9 (3):241-253.
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  41.  5
    The Intelligibility of Spectrum Inversion.Bredo C. Johnsen - 1993 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 23 (4):631-636.
    Christopher Peacocke has recently made an important and insightful effort to fashion a non-verificationist method for distinguishing sense from nonsense. The argument is subtle and complex, and varies somewhat with each of his three target ‘spurious hypotheses’: that if a perfect fission of one person into two were to occur, one and only one of the resulting persons would be identical with the original; that another person’s visual experience can be qualitatively different from your own when you are both seeing (...)
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  42.  18
    Skeptical Rearmament.Bredo C. Johnsen - 1985 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 15 (3):507 - 509.
    In ‘Skeptism Oisarmed,’ L.S. Carrier asserts the following:… any reasonable person would accept premise only on the ground that both p and q are propositions for which we can get the requisite evidence.Premise, actually a premise schema attributed to Peter Unger, is the following:If A both knows p and knows that p entails q, then A can come to know that q.I suggest, contrary to Carrier's assertion, that many reasonable people, including many philosophers, would regard as a necessary truth knowable (...)
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  43.  13
    On the Locus of Display Load Effects in Choice Reactions.Arthur M. Johnsen & George E. Briggs - 1973 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 99 (2):266.
  44.  24
    Knowledge.Bredo C. Johnsen - 1974 - Philosophical Studies 25 (4):273 - 282.
  45.  16
    The Relationship Between Feelings-of-Knowing and Partial Knowledge for General Knowledge Questions.Elisabeth Norman, Oskar Blakstad, Øivind Johnsen, Stig K. Martinsen & Mark C. Price - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  46.  23
    The Contradictory Nature of Knowledge: A Challenge for Understanding Innovation in a Local Context and Workplace Development and for Doing Action Research. [REVIEW]Hans Chr Garmann Johnsen, James Karlsen, Roger Normann & Jens Kristian Fosse - 2009 - AI and Society 23 (1):85-98.
    The argument in this article is that knowledge is an important phenomenon to understand in order to discuss development and innovation in modern workplaces. Predominant theories on knowledge in organisation and innovation literature, we argue, are based on a dualist concept of knowledge. The arguments found in these theories argue for one type of knowledge in contrast to another. The most prevailing dualism is that between local and universal knowledge. We believe that arguing along this line does not bring us (...)
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  47.  44
    Mental States as Mental.Bredo C. Johnsen - 1994 - Philosophia 23 (1-4):223-245.
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  48.  43
    On Perceiving God.Bredo C. Johnsen - 1987 - Philosophia 17 (4):519-522.
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  49.  5
    Anne Conway Og Materiens Åndsliv.Hege Dypedokk Johnsen - 2018 - Norsk Filosofisk Tidsskrift 53 (2-03):92-104.
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  50.  1
    Power and Diffusion of Sustainability in Supply Networks: Findings From Four In-Depth Case Studies.Rhona E. Johnsen, Thomas E. Johnsen & Osama A. Meqdadi - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 159 (4):1089-1110.
    This paper investigates how coercive and non-coercive power impacts on the successful diffusion of sustainability within supply networks. The paper reports on four in-depth case studies of the development of sustainability initiatives, each case based on data collection from focal companies and suppliers. The four case studies are based on 38 semi-structured interviews in total and supported by secondary data. The case studies indicate that both coercive and non-coercive power impact suppliers’ engagement in sustainability initiatives and its wider diffusion in (...)
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