Results for 'Koji Shimada'

663 found
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  1. The Neural Correlates of Semantic and Grammatical Encoding During Sentence Production in a Second Language: Evidence From an fMRI Study Using Structural Priming.Eri Nakagawa, Takahiko Koike, Motofumi Sumiya, Koji Shimada, Kai Makita, Haruyo Yoshida, Hirokazu Yokokawa & Norihiro Sadato - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 15.
    Japanese English learners have difficulty speaking Double Object than Prepositional Object structures which neural underpinning is unknown. In speaking, syntactic and phonological processing follow semantic encoding, conversion of non-verbal mental representation into a structure suitable for expression. To test whether DO difficulty lies in linguistic or prelinguistic process, we conducted functional magnetic resonance imaging. Thirty participants described cartoons using DO or PO, or simply named them. Greater reaction times and error rates indicated DO difficulty. DO compared with PO showed parieto-frontal (...)
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  2.  1
    The Moon Points Back.Koji Tanaka, Yasuo Deguchi, Jay Garfield & Graham Priest (eds.) - 2015 - Oxford University Press USA.
    The Moon Points Back comprises essays by both established scholars in Buddhist and Western philosophy and young scholars contributing to cross-cultural philosophy. It continues the program of Pointing at the Moon, integrating the approaches and insights of contemporary logic and analytic philosophy along with those of Buddhist Studies in order to engage with Buddhist ideas in a contemporary voice.The essays in the volume focus on the Buddhist notion of emptiness, exploring its relationship to core philosophical issues concerning the self, the (...)
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  3. Two Kinds of Logical Impossibility.Alexander Sandgren & Koji Tanaka - 2020 - Noûs 54 (4):795-806.
    In this paper, we argue that a distinction ought to be drawn between two ways in which a given world might be logically impossible. First, a world w might be impossible because the laws that hold at w are different from those that hold at some other world (say the actual world). Second, a world w might be impossible because the laws of logic that hold in some world (say the actual world) are violated at w. We develop a novel (...)
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  4.  21
    Nonadmirable Moral Exemplars and Virtue Development.Koji Tachibana - 2019 - Journal of Moral Education 48 (3):346-357.
    ABSTRACTLinda Zagzebski’s exemplarist moral theory claims that admiration for a person is a necessary condition for her to be a moral exemplar. I argue that this claim is empirically unsupported. I provide two counterexamples, astronauts and brain data. I demonstrate that they play the role of exemplars well but receive no admiration and, accordingly, are entitled to be called nonadmirable moral exemplars. I conclude that my argument suggests why Aristotle, distinct from Zagzebski, does not emphasise the role of the praiseworthiness (...)
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  5.  9
    Simultaneous EEG-NIRS Measurement of the Inferior Parietal Lobule During a Reaching Task With Delayed Visual Feedback.Takuro Zama, Yoshiyuki Takahashi & Sotaro Shimada - 2019 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 13.
  6. Buddhist Logic From a Global Perspective.Koji Tanaka - 2021 - In Inkeri Koskinen, David Ludwig, Zinhle Mncube, Luana Poliseli & Luis Reyes-Galindo (eds.), Global Epistemologies and Philosophies of Science. London: Routledge. pp. 274-285.
    Buddhist philosophers have developed a rich tradition of logic. Buddhist material on logic that forms the Buddhist tradition of logic, however, is hardly discussed or even known. This article presents some of that material in a manner that is accessible to contemporary logicians and philosophers of logic and sets agendas for global philosophy of logic.
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  7. Logically Impossible Worlds.Koji Tanaka - 2018 - Australasian Journal of Logic 15 (2):489.
    What does it mean for the laws of logic to fail? My task in this paper is to answer this question. I use the resources that Routley/Sylvan developed with his collaborators for the semantics of relevant logics to explain a world where the laws of logic fail. I claim that the non-normal worlds that Routley/Sylvan introduced are exactly such worlds. To disambiguate different kinds of impossible worlds, I call such worlds logically impossible worlds. At a logically impossible world, the laws (...)
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  8. Priest’s Anti-Exceptionalism, Candrakīrti and Paraconsistency.Koji Tanaka - 2019 - In Can Başkent & Thomas Macaulay Ferguson (eds.), Graham Priest on Dialetheism and Paraconsistency. Dordrecht: Springer Verlag. pp. 127-138.
    Priest holds anti-exceptionalism about logic. That is, he holds that logic, as a theory, does not have any exceptional status in relation to the theories of empirical sciences. Crucial to Priest’s anti-exceptionalism is the existence of ‘data’ that can force the revision of logical theory. He claims that classical logic is inadequate to the available data and, thus, needs to be revised. But what kind of data can overturn classical logic? Priest claims that the data is our intuitions about the (...)
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  9. Buddhist Philosophy of Logic.Koji Tanaka - 2013 - In Steven Michael Emmanuel (ed.), Blackwell Companion to Buddhist Philosophy. Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 320-330.
    Logic in Buddhist Philosophy concerns the systematic study of anumāna (often translated as inference) as developed by Dignāga (480-540 c.e.) and Dharmakīti (600-660 c.e.). Buddhist logicians think of inference as an instrument of knowledge (pramāṇa) and, thus, logic is considered to constitute part of epistemology in the Buddhist tradition. According to the prevalent 20th and early 21st century ‘Western’ conception of logic, however, logical study is the formal study of arguments. If we understand the nature of logic to be formal, (...)
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  10. Neurofeedback-Based Moral Enhancement and Traditional Moral Education.Koji Tachibana - 2018 - Humana Mente 11 (33):19-42.
    Scientific progress in recent neurofeedback research may bring about a new type of moral neuroenhancement, namely, neurofeedback-based moral enhancement; however, this has yet to be examined thoroughly. This paper presents an ethical analysis of the possibility of neurofeedback-based moral enhancement and demonstrates that this type of moral enhancement sheds new light on the moral enhancement debate. First, I survey this debate and extract the typical structural flow of its arguments. Second, by applying structure to the case of neurofeedback-based moral enhancement, (...)
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  11. Buddhist Logic.Koji Tanaka - forthcoming - Routledge Encyclopaedia of Philosophy.
    Buddhist philosophers have investigated the techniques and methodologies of debate and argumentation which are important aspects of Buddhist intellectual life. This was particularly the case in India, where Buddhism and Buddhist philosophy originated. But these investigations have also engaged philosophers in China, Japan, Korea and Tibet, and many other parts of the world that have been influenced by Buddhism and Buddhist philosophy. Several elements of the Buddhist tradition of philosophy are thought to be part of this investigation. -/- There are (...)
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  12. Croquemitaine et namahage: La peur comme moyen éducatif et initiatique.Koji Watanabe - 2003 - Iris 25:137-145.
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  13. L'énigme de Hiruko dans la mythologie japonaise. Le mythe de l'enfant-sangsue ou le mythe du jeune soleil?Koji Watanabe - 2002 - Iris 23:55-62.
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  14. How Aristotle’s Theory of Education Has Been Studied in Our Century.Koji Tachibana - 2012 - Studia Classica 3:21-67.
  15. Neurofeedback-Based Moral Enhancement and the Notion of Morality.Koji Tachibana - 2017 - The Annals of the University of Bucharest - Philosophy Series 66 (2):25-41.
    Some skeptics question the very possibility of moral bioenhancement by arguing that if we lack a widely acceptable notion of morality, we will not be able to accept the use of a biotechnological technique as a tool for moral bioenhancement. I will examine this skepticism and argue that the assessment of moral bioenhancement does not require such a notion of morality. In particular, I will demonstrate that this skepticism can be neutralized in the case of recent neurofeedback techniques. This goal (...)
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  16.  2
    The Cat in Kokon Chomon-Jû. Three Anecdotes Taken From the Work Compiled by Tachibana No Narisue and Translated From Japanese Into French.Kôji Watanabe, Tomomi Yoshino & Olivier Lorrillard - 2020 - Iris 40.
    La figure du chat fait son apparition dans la littérature japonaise au ixe siècle, mais son image évoluera de manière inattendue à l’époque médiévale. Des témoignages littéraires du xie et du xiie siècle, tels que les Notes de chevet de Sei Shônagon et Le Dit du Genji de Murasaki Shikibu, montraient clairement l’intérêt porté aux chats par les dames de cour. Pourtant, à partir du xiiie siècle, le félidé fera au contraire l’objet d’une forme de « diabolisation », et c’est (...)
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  17. Making Sense of Paraconsistent Logic: The Nature of Logic, Classical Logic and Paraconsistent Logic.Koji Tanaka - 2013 - In Francesco Berto, Edwin Mares, Koji Tanaka & Francesco Paoli (eds.), Paraconsistency: Logic and Applications. Springer. pp. 15--25.
    Max Cresswell and Hilary Putnam seem to hold the view, often shared by classical logicians, that paraconsistent logic has not been made sense of, despite its well-developed mathematics. In this paper, I examine the nature of logic in order to understand what it means to make sense of logic. I then show that, just as one can make sense of non-normal modal logics (as Cresswell demonstrates), we can make `sense' of paraconsistent logic. Finally, I turn the tables on classical logicians (...)
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  18.  56
    A Diagrammatic Inference System with Euler Circles.Koji Mineshima, Mitsuhiro Okada & Ryo Takemura - 2012 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 21 (3):365-391.
    Proof-theory has traditionally been developed based on linguistic (symbolic) representations of logical proofs. Recently, however, logical reasoning based on diagrammatic or graphical representations has been investigated by logicians. Euler diagrams were introduced in the eighteenth century. But it is quite recent (more precisely, in the 1990s) that logicians started to study them from a formal logical viewpoint. We propose a novel approach to the formalization of Euler diagrammatic reasoning, in which diagrams are defined not in terms of regions as in (...)
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  19. The AGM Theory and Inconsistent Belief Change.Koji Tanaka - 2005 - Logique Et Analyse 48 (189-192):113-150.
    The problem of how to accommodate inconsistencies has attracted quite a number of researchers, in particular, in the area of database theory. The problem is also of concern in the study of belief change. For inconsistent beliefs are ubiquitous. However, comparatively little work has been devoted to discussing the problem in the literature of belief change. In this paper, I examine how adequate the AGM theory is as a logical framework for belief change involving inconsistencies. The technique is to apply (...)
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  20.  12
    An Efficient Query Solution for Large RDF Graphs.Koji Fujiwara & Ken Kaneiwa - 2014 - Transactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 29 (4):364-374.
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  21.  14
    Frankfurt-Style Cases and Moral Responsibility: A Methodological Reflection.Koji Ota - 2021 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 29 (3):295-319.
    Frankfurt-Style Cases seem to elicit the intuitive judgment that an agent is morally responsible despite being unable to act otherwise, which is supposed to falsify the Principle of Alternat...
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  22.  33
    Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Towards Hiv/Aids in a Rural Kenyan Community.Mohamed Karama, Taro Yamamoto, Masaaki Shimada, S. S. A. Orago & Kazuhiko Moji - 2006 - Journal of Biosocial Science 38 (4):481-490.
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  23. In Search of the Semantics of Emptiness.Koji Tanaka - 2014 - In JeeLoo Liu & Douglas Berger (eds.), Nothingness in Asian Philosophy. London: Routledge. pp. 55-63.
  24.  15
    The Effects of Neurochemical Balance in the Anterior Cingulate Cortex and Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex on Volitional Control Under Irrelevant Distraction.Ai Koizumi, Hakwan Lau, Yasuhiro Shimada & Hirohito M. Kondo - 2018 - Consciousness and Cognition 59:104-111.
  25.  44
    Relationale Hermeneutik im Kontext interkulturellen Verstehens. Probleme universalistischer Begriffsbildung in den Sozial-und Kulturwissenschaften, erörtert am Beispiel Religion.Shingo Shimada & Jürgen Straub - 1999 - Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 47 (3):449-477.
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  26. Paraconsistent Dynamics.Patrick Girard & Koji Tanaka - 2016 - Synthese 193 (1):1-14.
    It has been an open question whether or not we can define a belief revision operation that is distinct from simple belief expansion using paraconsistent logic. In this paper, we investigate the possibility of meeting the challenge of defining a belief revision operation using the resources made available by the study of dynamic epistemic logic in the presence of paraconsistent logic. We will show that it is possible to define dynamic operations of belief revision in a paraconsistent setting.
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  27.  12
    Post-Event Processing Predicts Impaired Cortisol Recovery Following Social Stressor: The Moderating Role of Social Anxiety.Shunta Maeda, Tomoya Sato, Hironori Shimada & Hideki Tsumura - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  28.  57
    What is the Appropriate Speech Rate for a Communication Robot.Michihiro Shimada & Takayuki Kanda - 2012 - Interaction Studies 13 (3):406-433.
    This study investigates the influence of a robot's speech rate. In human communication, slow speech is considered boring, speech at normal speed is perceived as credible, and fast speech is perceived as competent. To seek the appropriate speech rate for robots, we test whether these tendencies are replicated in human-robot interaction by conducting an experiment with four rates of speech: fast, normal, moderately slow, and slow. Our experimental results reveal a rather surprising trend. Participants prefer normal and moderately slow speech (...)
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  29.  6
    Potentials of Experimental Bioethics.Koji Ota - 2021 - Kagaku Tetsugaku 54 (2):3-26.
    There is an emerging experimental trend in bioethics and neuroethics. We briefly review several topics in this trend and discuss how the existing and future studies can have normative implications related to bioethical/neuroethical issues. Particularly, we consider three major ways to draw such implications; (1) contributing to conceptual analysis and philosophical (counter-)evidence, (2) figuring out the unreliability of moral thinking and thereby providing a debunking argument, and (3) estimating the feasibility of ethical norms and policies.
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  30. Depiction of the Ideal Garden in "Standing Screen of Flowers and Birds of the Four Seasons" by KANO Motonobu From the Collection of Hakutsuru Museum of Art: Focusing on the Elements of Pure Land and Actual Gardens.Yuki Shimada - 2005 - Bigaku 56 (3):15-28.
    The standing screens on the title is the oldest work extant of KANO Motonobu's work as folding screens of thick colored flowers and birds with golden background. This thesis designates that the scenery and the motif of the work are in correspondence with both descriptions of the scenery of Pure Land in several Buddhist scriptures and the design of actual gardens. Firstly, a peacock on the right hand screen is focused to indicate the bird connotes the elements of auspicious birds (...)
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  31.  33
    Genetic Basis for Familial Amyloidotic Polyneuropathy.Kazunori Shimada, Shuichiro Maeda & Shukuro Araki - 1986 - Bioessays 4 (5):208-212.
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  32.  16
    Čovek koji čita-umesto eseja.Nenad Daković - 2010 - Filozofija I Društvo 21 (1):123-131.
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  33. A Sicán Tomb in Peru.Izumi Shimada & J. Merkel - 1993 - Minerva 4 (1):18-25.
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  34.  26
    Yanagawa Keiichi and Community Religion.Hiromi Shimada - 1986 - Japanese Journal of Religious Studies 13 (2/3):211-226.
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  35.  20
    What is the Appropriate Speech Rate for a Communication Robot?Michihiro Shimada & Takayuki Kanda - 2012 - Interaction Studies. Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies / Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies 13 (3):408-435.
    This study investigates the influence of a robot’s speech rate. In human communication, slow speech is considered boring, speech at normal speed is perceived as credible, and fast speech is perceived as competent. To seek the appropriate speech rate for robots, we test whether these tendencies are replicated in human-robot interaction by conducting an experiment with four rates of speech: fast, normal, moderately slow, and slow. Our experimental results reveal a rather surprising trend. Participants prefer normal and moderately slow speech (...)
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  36.  14
    Strong Normalization of Classical Natural Deduction with Disjunctions.Koji Nakazawa & Makoto Tatsuta - 2008 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 153 (1-3):21-37.
    This paper proves the strong normalization of classical natural deduction with disjunction and permutative conversions, by using CPS-translation and augmentations. Using them, this paper also proves the strong normalization of classical natural deduction with general elimination rules for implication and conjunction, and their permutative conversions. This paper also proves that natural deduction can be embedded into natural deduction with general elimination rules, strictly preserving proof normalization.
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  37.  34
    Three Schools of Paraconsistency.Koji Tanaka - 2003 - Australasian Journal of Logic 1:28-42.
    A logic is said to be paraconsistent if it does not allow everything to follow from contradictory premises. There are several approaches to paraconsistency. This paper is concerned with several philosophical positions on paraconsistency. In particular, it concerns three ‘schools’ of paraconsistency: Australian, Belgian and Brazilian. The Belgian and Brazilian schools have raised some objections to the dialetheism of the Australian school. I argue that the Australian school of paraconsistency need not be closed down on the basis of the Belgian (...)
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  38.  11
    BisNet: An Information Sharing System Using Bookmarks of Web Browsers.Koji Sano & Hiroki Sayama - 2005 - Transactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 20:281-288.
  39.  15
    Crystallographic Nature of Deformation Bands Shown in Zn and Mg-Based Long-Period Stacking Ordered Phase.Koji Hagihara, Michiaki Yamasaki, Masahito Honnami, Hitoshi Izuno, Masakazu Tane, Takayoshi Nakano & Yoshihito Kawamura - 2015 - Philosophical Magazine 95 (2):132-157.
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  40.  19
    History and Cultural Identity: The Case of Japan.Shingo Shimada - 2007 - In Jörn Rüsen (ed.), Time and History: The Variety of Cultures. Berghahn Books. pp. 10--212.
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  41.  46
    A Generalized Syllogistic Inference System Based on Inclusion and Exclusion Relations.Koji Mineshima, Mitsuhiro Okada & Ryo Takemura - 2012 - Studia Logica 100 (4):753-785.
    We introduce a simple inference system based on two primitive relations between terms, namely, inclusion and exclusion relations. We present a normalization theorem, and then provide a characterization of the structure of normal proofs. Based on this, inferences in a syllogistic fragment of natural language are reconstructed within our system. We also show that our system can be embedded into a fragment of propositional minimal logic.
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  42.  19
    Real-World Application of Robust Design Optimization Assisted by Response Surface Approximation and Visual Data-Mining.Koji Shimoyama, Shinkyu Jeong & Shigeru Obayashi - 2009 - Transactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 24 (1):13-24.
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  43.  28
    The Accademia Del Cimento and its European Context.Koji Kuwakino - 2011 - Early Science and Medicine 16 (4):366-368.
  44. How Can Buddhists Prove That Non-Existent Things Do Not Exist?Koji Tanaka - 2021 - In Sara Bernstein & Tyron Goldschmidt (eds.), Non-Being: New Essay on the Metaphysics of Non-Existence. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. pp. 82-96.
    How can Buddhists prove that non-existent things do not exist? With great difficulty. For the Buddhist, this is not a laughing matter as they are largely global error theorists and, thus, many things are non-existent. The difficulty gets compounded as the Buddhist and their opponent, the non-Buddhist of various kinds, both agree that one cannot prove a thesis whose subject is non-existent. In this paper, I will first present a difficulty that Buddhist philosophers have faced in proving that what they (...)
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  45.  21
    Clathrate Hydrate Crystal Growth in Liquid Water Saturated with a Hydrate-Forming Substance: Variations in Crystal Morphology.Ryo Ohmura, Wataru Shimada, Tsutomu Uchida, Yasuhiko H. Mori, Satoshi Takeya, Jiro Nagao, Hideki Minagawa, Takao Ebinuma & Hideo Narita - 2004 - Philosophical Magazine 84 (1):1-16.
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  46.  12
    Socially Anxious Tendencies Affect Impressions of Others’ Positive and Negative Emotional Gazes.Yuki Tsuji & Sotaro Shimada - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  47.  13
    A Hobbesian Qualm with Space Settlement.Koji Tachibana - 2019 - Futures 110:28-30.
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  48.  6
    Intra- and Inter-Personal Coordination of Speech, Gesture and Breathing Movements.Koji Hayashi, Nobuhiro Furuyama & Hiroki Takase - 2005 - Transactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 20:247-258.
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  49.  44
    How Diagrams Can Support Syllogistic Reasoning: An Experimental Study.Yuri Sato & Koji Mineshima - 2015 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 24 (4):409-455.
    This paper explores the question of what makes diagrammatic representations effective for human logical reasoning, focusing on how Euler diagrams support syllogistic reasoning. It is widely held that diagrammatic representations aid intuitive understanding of logical reasoning. In the psychological literature, however, it is still controversial whether and how Euler diagrams can aid untrained people to successfully conduct logical reasoning such as set-theoretic and syllogistic reasoning. To challenge the negative view, we build on the findings of modern diagrammatic logic and introduce (...)
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  50.  11
    Parents’ Attitudes Towards and Perceptions of Involving Minors in Medical Research From the Japanese Perspective.Yasue Fukuda & Koji Fukuda - 2018 - BMC Medical Ethics 19 (1):91.
    Children’s intentions should be respected. Parents are the key persons involved in decision-making related to their children. In Japan, the appropriate ages and standards for a child’s consent and assent, approval, and decision-making are not clearly defined, which makes the process of obtaining consent and assent for clinical research complex. The purpose of this paper is as follows: to understand the attitudes and motives of parents concerning children’s participation in medical research and the factors influencing their decision-making. We also sought (...)
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