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Kok-Chor Tan
University of Pennsylvania
  1. An Ethical Framework for Global Vaccine Allocation.Ezekiel J. Emanuel, Govind Persad, Adam Kern, Allen E. Buchanan, Cecile Fabre, Daniel Halliday, Joseph Heath, Lisa M. Herzog, R. J. Leland, Ephrem T. Lemango, Florencia Luna, Matthew McCoy, Ole F. Norheim, Trygve Ottersen, G. Owen Schaefer, Kok-Chor Tan, Christopher Heath Wellman, Jonathan Wolff & Henry S. Richardson - 2020 - Science 1:DOI: 10.1126/science.abe2803.
    In this article, we propose the Fair Priority Model for COVID-19 vaccine distribution, and emphasize three fundamental values we believe should be considered when distributing a COVID-19 vaccine among countries: Benefiting people and limiting harm, prioritizing the disadvantaged, and equal moral concern for all individuals. The Priority Model addresses these values by focusing on mitigating three types of harms caused by COVID-19: death and permanent organ damage, indirect health consequences, such as health care system strain and stress, as well as (...)
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  2. Justice Without Borders: Cosmopolitanism, Nationalism, and Patriotism.Kok-Chor Tan - 2004 - Cambridge University Press.
    The cosmopolitan idea of justice is commonly accused of not taking seriously the special ties and commitments of nationality and patriotism. This is because the ideal of impartial egalitarianism, which is central to the cosmopolitan view, seems to be directly opposed to the moral partiality inherent to nationalism and patriotism. In this book, Kok-Chor Tan argues that cosmopolitan justice, properly understood, can accommodate and appreciate nationalist and patriotic commitments, setting limits for these commitments without denying their moral significance. This book (...)
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  3. A Defense of Luck Egalitarianism.Kok-Chor Tan - 2008 - Journal of Philosophy 105 (11):665-690.
  4.  70
    Justice, Institutions, and Luck: The Site, Ground, and Scope of Equality.Kok-Chor Tan - 2012 - Oxford University Press.
    Kok-Chor Tan addresses three key questions in political philosophy: Where does distributive equality matter? Why does it matter? And among whom does it matter? He argues for an institutional site for egalitarian justice, a luck-egalitarian ideal of why equality matters, and a global scope for distributive justice.
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  5.  80
    Justice and Personal Pursuits.Kok-Chor Tan - 2004 - Journal of Philosophy 101 (7):331-362.
  6. The Duty to Protect.Kok-Chor Tan - 2006 - In Terry Nardin & Melissa Williams (eds.), Humanitarian Intervention. New York University Press.
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  7.  29
    Toleration, Diversity, and Global Justice.Kok-Chor Tan - 2000 - Pennsylvania State University Press.
    The "comprehensive liberalism" defended in this book offers an alternative to the narrower "political liberalism" associated with the writings of John Rawls. By arguing against making tolerance as fundamental a value as individual autonomy, and extending the reach of liberalism to global society, it opens the way for dealing more adequately with problems of human rights and economic inequality in a world of cultural pluralism.
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  8.  99
    Liberal Toleration in Rawls's Law of Peoples.Kok-Chor Tan - 1998 - Ethics 108 (2):276-295.
  9. Colonialism, Reparations and Global Justice.Kok-Chor Tan - 2007 - In Jon Miller & Rahul Kumar (eds.), Reparations: Interdisciplinary Inquiries. Oxford University Press. pp. 280--306.
  10. The Contours of Toleration: A Relational Account.Kok-Chor Tan - 2018 - In Nurdane Şimsek, Stephen Snyder & Manuel Knoll (eds.), New Perspectives on Distributive Justice: Deep Disagreements, Pluralism, and the Problem of Consensus. De Gruyter. pp. 385-402.
    I outline what I call a relational account of toleration. This relational account helps explain the apparent paradox of toleration in that it involves two competing moral stances, of acceptance and disapproval, towards the tolerated. It also helps clarify the way toleration is a normative ideal, and not a position one is forced into out of the practical need to accommodate or accept. Specifically, toleration is recommended out of respect for that which the tolerant agent also disapproves of. This combination (...)
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  11. Luck, Institutions, and Global Distributive Justice.Kok-Chor Tan - 2011 - European Journal of Political Theory 10 (3):394-421.
    Luck egalitarianism provides one powerful way of defending global egalitarianism. The basic luck egalitarian idea that persons ought not to be disadvantaged compared to others on account of his or her bad luck seems to extend naturally to the global arena, where random factors such as persons’ place of birth and the natural distribution of the world’s resources do affect differentially their life chances. Yet luck egalitarianism as an ideal, as well as its global application, has come under severe criticisms (...)
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  12. Liberal Nationalism and Cosmopolitan Justice.Kok-Chor Tan - 2002 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 5 (4):431-461.
    Many liberals have argued that a cosmopolitan perspective on global justice follows from the basic liberal principles of justice. Yet, increasingly, it is also said that intrinsic to liberalism is a doctrine of nationalism. This raises a potential problem for the liberal defense of cosmopolitan justice as it is commonly believed that nationalism and cosmopolitanism are conflicting ideals. If this is correct, there appears to be a serious tension within liberal philosophy itself, between its cosmopolitan aspiration on the one hand, (...)
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  13. The Problem of Decent Peoples.Kok-Chor Tan - 2006 - In Rex Martin & David Reidy (eds.), Rawls's Law of Peoples: A Realistic Utopia? Blackwell.
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  14. Rights, Harm, and Institutions.Kok-Chor Tan - 2010 - In Alison M. Jaggar (ed.), Thomas Pogge and His Critics. Polity.
  15. The Demands of Justice and National Allegiances.Kok-Chor Tan - 2005 - In Gillian Brock & Harry Brighouse (eds.), The Political Philosophy of Cosmopolitanism. Cambridge University Press.
     
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  16.  81
    National Responsibility, Reparations and Distributive Justice.Kok-Chor Tan - 2008 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 11 (4):449-464.
  17.  34
    Boundary Making and Equal Concern.Kok-Chor Tan - 2005 - Metaphilosophy 36 (1‐2):50-67.
  18. Kantian Ethics and Global Justice.Kok-Chor Tan - 1997 - Social Theory and Practice 23 (1):53-73.
    Kant divides moral duties into duties of virtue and duties of justice. Duties of virtue are imperfect duties, the fulfillment of which is left to agent discretion and so cannot be externally demanded of one. Duties of justice, while perfect, seem to be restricted to negative duties (of nondeception and noncoercion). It may seem then that Kant's moral philosophy cannot meet the demands of global justice. I argue, however, that Kantian justice when applied to the social and historical realities of (...)
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  19. The Boundary of Justice and The Justice of Boundaries.Kok-Chor Tan - 2006 - Canadian Journal of Law and Jurisprudence 29 (2):319-344.
    Two classes of arguments are often deployed by the anti-global egalitarians against attempts to universalize the demands of distributive equality. One are arguments attempting to show that global egalitarians have misconstrued the reasons for why equality matters domestically, and hence have wrongly extended these reasons to the global arena. These arguments hold that the boundary of distributive justice is effectively coextensive with the boundaries of state. The other are arguments that attempt to show that membership in political societies generates special (...)
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  20. International Toleration: Rawlsian Versus Cosmopolitan.Kok-Chor Tan - 2005 - Leiden Journal of International Law 18 (4):685-710.
  21.  17
    Nationalisme libéral et internationalisme égalitaire.Kok-Chor Tan - 2007 - Philosophiques 34 (1):113-131.
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  22.  27
    The Law of Peoples: With the 'Idea of Public Reason Revisited'.Kok-Chor Tan - 2001 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 31 (1):113-132.
  23.  87
    Patriotic Obligations.Kok-Chor Tan - 2003 - The Monist 86 (3):434-453.
    It is commonly believed that people have special obligations to their compatriots that are both distinct from and stronger than the general duties they owe to individuals at large. Thus, it is often thought that these special obligations may legitimately limit what global distributive justice can demand of people, including those from well-off countries. Henceforth by special obligations, I mean specifically special obligations to com- patriots, which I will also call patriotic obligations, or patriotism for short.
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  24.  19
    Justice Between Sites of Justice.Kok-Chor Tan - 2016 - Law and Philosophy 35 (3):291-311.
    Michael Blake argues that states are the primary sites of justice for persons and that the function of international justice is to ensure that states interact with each other in ways that preserve the capacity of each to realize justice for their own members. This paper will argue that justice among states requires more of states than that they preserve and maintain each other's capacity as primary sites of justice. Justice among states will require some justification, as well, of the (...)
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  25.  20
    Equality and Special Concern.Kok-Chor Tan - 2010 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 40 (S1):73-98.
  26.  62
    Why Global Justice Matters.Kok-Chor Tan - 2014 - Journal of Global Ethics 10 (2):128-134.
    Why does global justice as a philosophical inquiry matter? We know that the world is plainly unjust in many ways and we know that something ought to be done about this without, it seems, the need of a theory of global justice. Accordingly, philosophical inquiry into global justice comes across to some as an intellectual luxury that seems disconnected from the real world. I want to suggest, however, that philosophical inquiry into global justice is necessary if we want to address (...)
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  27.  17
    Sufficiency, Equality and the Consequences of Global Coercion.Kok-Chor Tan - unknown
    In some discussions on global distributive justice, it is argued that the factthat the state exercises coercive authority over its own citizens explains whythe state has egalitarian distributive obligations to its own but not to otherindividuals in the world at large. Two recent works make the case that the globalorder is indeed coercive in a morally significant way for generating certainglobal distributive obligations. Nicole Hassoun argues that the coercivecharacter of the global order gives rise to global duties of humanitarian aid.Laura (...)
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  28. Poverty and Global Distributive Justice.Kok-Chor Tan - 2010 - In Duncan Bell (ed.), Ethics and World Politics. Oxford University Press. pp. 256--73.
     
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  29.  48
    Cosmopolitan Impartiality and Patriotic Partiality.Kok-Chor Tan - 2005 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 35 (sup1):165-192.
  30.  1
    Nationalism and Global Justice: A Survey of Some Challenges.Kok-Chor Tan - 2010 - In Gabriele de Angelis & Diogo P. Aurelio (eds.), Sovereign Justice: Global Justice in a World of Nations. Walter de Gruyter. pp. 9-24.
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  31.  35
    Introduction.Rahul Kumar & Kok-Chor Tan - 2006 - Journal of Social Philosophy 37 (3):323–329.
  32.  46
    Military Intervention as a Moral Duty.Kok-Chor Tan - 1995 - Public Affairs Quarterly 9 (1):29-46.
  33.  8
    Critical Notice.Kok-Chor Tan - 2001 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 31 (1):113-132.
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  34.  17
    Crisis Nationalism: To What Degree Is National Partiality Justifiable During a Global Pandemic?Eilidh Beaton, Mike Gadomski, Dylan Manson & Kok-Chor Tan - 2021 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 24 (1):285-300.
    Are countries especially entitled, if not obliged, to prioritize the interests or well-being of their own citizens during a global crisis, such as a global pandemic? We call this partiality for compatriots in times of crisis “crisis nationalism”. Vaccine nationalism is one vivid example of crisis nationalism during the COVID-19 pandemic; so is the case of the US government’s purchasing a 3-month supply of the global stock of the antiviral Remdesivir for domestic use. Is crisis nationalism justifiable at all, and, (...)
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  35. Democracy in a Global World: Human Rights and Political Participation in the 21st Century.David A. Crocker, Carol C. Gould, James Nickel, David Reidy, Martha C. Nussbaum, Andrew Oldenquist, Kok-Chor Tan, William McBride & Frank Cunningham (eds.) - 2007 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    The chapters in this volume deal with timely issues regarding democracy in theory and in practice in today's globalized world. Authored by leading political philosophers of our time, they appear here for the first time. The essays challenge and defend assumptions about the role of democracy as a viable political and legal institution in response to globalization, keeping in focus the role of rights at the normative foundations of democracy in a pluralistic world.
     
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  36.  54
    Andrew Vincent, Nationalism and Particularity (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002), Pp. Vii + 292.Kok-Chor Tan - 2004 - Utilitas 16 (3):336-338.
  37.  48
    Priority for Compatriots: Commentary on Globalization and Justice.Kok-Chor Tan - 2006 - Economics and Philosophy 22 (1):115-123.
    In his stimulating and provocative collection of essays, Globalization and Justice, Kai Nielsen defends a cosmopolitan account of global justice. On the cosmopolitan view, as Nielsen understands it, individuals are entitled to equal consideration regardless of citizenship or nationality and global institutions should be arranged in such a way that each person's interest is given equal consideration. Nielsen's defense of cosmopolitan justice in this collection will be of no surprise to readers familiar with his socialist egalitarian commitments. Indeed, the internationalism (...)
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  38.  20
    A Brief Rejoinder to Valentini.Kok-Chor Tan - unknown
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  39. A Reply to Halliday.Kok-Chor Tan - 2013 - Utilitas 25 (1):133-135.
    ExtractI must first thank Daniel Halliday for his incisive but fair review essay of my book. Regretfully, I can only consider, and only in outline at that, some of his well-taken questions.Send article to KindleTo send this article to your Kindle, first ensure [email protected] is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. (...)
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  40. Cosmopolitanism and Patriotism.Kok-Chor Tan - 2012 - In Will Kymlicka & Kathryn Walker (eds.), Rooted Cosmopolitanism: Canada and the World. University of British Columbia Press.
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  41. David Ingram, Group Rights: Reconciling Equality and Difference Reviewed By.Kok-Chor Tan - 2000 - Philosophy in Review 20 (6):418-420.
  42. David Ingram, Group Rights: Reconciling Equality and Difference. [REVIEW]Kok-Chor Tan - 2000 - Philosophy in Review 20:418-420.
  43.  29
    Equality and Special Concern.Kok-Chor Tan - 2010 - In Colin M. Macleod (ed.), Justice and Equality. University of Calgary Press. pp. 73-98.
  44. Enforcing Cosmopolitan Justice: The Problem of Intervention.Kok-Chor Tan - 2010 - In Roland Pierik & Wouter Werner (eds.), Cosmopolitanism in Context. Cambridge University Press.
  45. Global Democracy: International, Not Cosmopolitan.Kok-Chor Tan - 2008 - In Deen Chatterjee (ed.), Democracy in a Global World. Rowman&Littlefield.
  46.  1
    Global Ethics or Universal Ethics?Kok-Chor Tan, Steve Coutinho, Zachary Penman, Saranindranath Tagore & Inés Valdez - 2021 - Journal of World Philosophies 6 (1):99-138.
    Kok-Chor Tan argues that cosmopolitan liberalism can serve as a means to implement the ideal of moral universalism, if one sufficiently distinguishes non-toleration from intervention and moral universalism from dogmatism. In a further move, Tan claims that such an understanding of cosmopolitan liberalism can work to mutually regulate the behavior of states in the global arena. Tan’s co-panelists engage different aspects of his vision. Steve Coutinho underscores that changes within cultures do not typically result from a dialogue across cultures but (...)
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  47.  59
    Global Justice and Global Relations.Kok-Chor Tan - 2010 - Social Theory and Practice 36 (3):499-514.
    In Globalizing Justice, Richard Miller offers a novel understanding of the grounds and scope of the demands of global justice. Miller argues that our duties to the global poor should be conceived relationally, that is, as deriving from the very complex and substantial relationships that we, members of rich countries, have with members of poor countries. In this review essay, I ask whether a relational approach to justice is necessary for the kinds of global duties Miller wishes to advance (that (...)
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  48. Hent De Vries and Samuel Weber, Eds., Violence, Identity, and Self-Determination Reviewed By.Kok-Chor Tan - 1999 - Philosophy in Review 19 (1):9-11.
  49.  9
    Just Conservation: The Question of Justice in Global Wildlife Conservation.Kok-Chor Tan - 2021 - Philosophy Compass 16 (2):e12720.
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  50. Kantian Ethics and Global Justice.Kok-Chor Tan - 1997 - Social Theory and Practice 23 (1):53-73.
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