Results for 'Kraemer Sebastian'

999 found
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  1.  29
    ‘The Dangers of This Atmosphere’: A Quaker Connection in the Tavistock Clinic’s Development.Sebastian Kraemer - 2011 - History of the Human Sciences 24 (2):82-102.
    During the Second World War, through innovations in officer selection and group therapy, the army psychiatrists John Rickman and Wilfred Bion changed our understanding of leadership. They showed how soldiers under stress could develop real authority through their attentiveness to each other. From contrasting experiences 25 years earlier each had seen how people in groups are moved by elemental forces that undermine judgement and thought. This article arose from my experiences as a trainee at the Tavistock Clinic, where the method (...)
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  2.  30
    The Cruelty of Older Infants and Toddlers.Kraemer Sebastian - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (3):233-234.
    Cruelty is evident in the play and interactions of quite small children. This is almost certainly normal, though it is more evident in children who have themselves been harshly treated (Amato & Fowler 2002; Luk et al. 1999).
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  3. Adaptations and Innovations: Studies on the Interaction Between Jewish and Islamic Thought and Literature From the Early Middle Ages to the Late Twentieth Century, Dedicated to Professor Joel L. Kraemer.Joel L. Kraemer, Y. Tzvi Langermann & Jossi Stern (eds.) - 2007 - Peeters.
  4. Me, Myself and My Brain Implant: Deep Brain Stimulation Raises Questions of Personal Authenticity and Alienation.Felicitas Kraemer - 2013 - Neuroethics 6 (3):483-497.
    In this article, I explore select case studies of Parkinson patients treated with deep brain stimulation in light of the notions of alienation and authenticity. While the literature on DBS has so far neglected the issues of authenticity and alienation, I argue that interpreting these cases in terms of these concepts raises new issues for not only the philosophical discussion of neuro-ethics of DBS, but also for the psychological and medical approach to patients under DBS. In particular, I suggest that (...)
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  5. Authenticity or Autonomy? When Deep Brain Stimulation Causes a Dilemma.Felicitas Kraemer - 2013 - Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (12):757-760.
    While deep brain stimulation (DBS) for patients with Parkinson's disease has typically raised ethical questions about autonomy, accountability and personal identity, recent research indicates that we need to begin taking into account issues surrounding the patients’ feelings of authenticity and alienation as well. In order to bring out the relevance of this dimension to ethical considerations of DBS, I analyse a recent case study of a Dutch patient who, as a result of DBS, faced a dilemma between autonomy and authenticity. (...)
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  6. Dreams: An Empirical Way to Settle the Discussion Between Cognitive and Non-Cognitive Theories of Consciousness.Miguel Ángel Sebastián - 2014 - Synthese 191 (2):263-285.
    Cognitive theories claim, whereas non-cognitive theories deny, that cognitive access is constitutive of phenomenology. Evidence in favor of non-cognitive theories has recently been collected by Block and is based on the high capacity of participants in partial-report experiments compared to the capacity of the working memory. In reply, defenders of cognitive theories have searched for alternative interpretations of such results that make visual awareness compatible with the capacity of the working memory; and so the conclusions of such experiments remain controversial. (...)
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  7. Authenticity Anyone? The Enhancement of Emotions Via Neuro-Psychopharmacology.Felicitas Kraemer - 2011 - Neuroethics 4 (1):51-64.
    This article will examine how the notion of emotional authenticity is intertwined with the notions of naturalness and artificiality in the context of the recent debates about ‘neuro-enhancement’ and ‘neuro-psychopharmacology.’ In the philosophy of mind, the concept of authenticity plays a key role in the discussion of the emotions. There is a widely held intuition that an artificial means will always lead to an inauthentic result. This article, however, proposes that artificial substances do not necessarily result in inauthentic emotions. The (...)
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  8.  34
    Statistical Theories of Functions and the Problem of Epidemic Disease.Daniel M. Kraemer - 2013 - Biology and Philosophy 28 (3):423-438.
    Several decades ago, Christopher Boorse formulated an influential statistical theory of normative biological functions but it has often been claimed that his theory suffers from insuperable problems such as an inability to handle cases of epidemic and universal diseases. This paper develops a new statistical theory of normative functions that is capable of dealing with the notorious problem of epidemic and universal diseases. The theory is also more detailed than its predecessors and offers other important advantages over them. It is (...)
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  9.  13
    Against “Soft” Statistical Information.Daniel M. Kraemer - 2015 - Philosophical Psychology 28 (1):139-147.
    Unsatisfied with stringent statistical theories of information such as Dretske's unity theory, Millikan (2001, 2004, 2007) and Shea (2007) have independently introduced ?soft? statistical notions of information. I argue here that these soft statistical notions do not present viable alternative senses of information to that proposed by Dretske. Furthermore, what appears to be the primary motivation for ?soft? information can be undercut.
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  10. Not a HOT Dream.Miguel Ángel Sebastián - 2013 - In Consciousness Inside and Out: Phenomenology, Neuroscience, and the Nature of Experience. Springer Studies in Brain and Mind.
    Higher-Order Thought (HOT) theories of consciousness maintain that the kind of awareness necessary for phenomenal consciousness depends on the cognitive accessibility that underlies reporting. -/- There is empirical evidence strongly suggesting that the cognitive accessibility that underlies the ability to report visual experiences depends on the activity of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (dlPFC). This area, however, is highly deactivated during the conscious experiences we have during sleep: dreams. HOT theories are jeopardized, as I will argue. I will briefly present HOT (...)
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  11. What Panpsychists Should Reject: On the Incompatibility of Panpsychism and Organizational Invariantism.Miguel Ángel Sebastián - 2015 - Philosophical Studies 172 (7):1833-1846.
    Some philosophers, like David Chalmers, have either shown their sympathy for, or explicitly endorsed, the following two principles: Panpsychism—roughly the thesis that the mind is ubiquitous throughout the universe—and Organizational Invariantism—the principle that holds that two systems with the same fine-grained functional organization will have qualitatively identical experiences. The purpose of this paper is to show the tension between the arguments that back up both principles. This tension should lead, or so I will argue, defenders of one of the principles (...)
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  12.  90
    Development of the Self-Concept During Adolescence.Catherine Sebastian, Stephanie Burnett & Sarah-Jayne Blakemore - 2008 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 12 (11):441-446.
  13.  45
    Instruments of Invention in Renaissance Europe: The Cases of Conrad Gesner and Ulisse Aldrovandi.Fabian Kraemer & Helmut Zedelmaier - 2014 - Intellectual History Review 24 (3):321-341.
  14. Evil, Political Violence, and Forgiveness: Essays in Honor of Claudia Card.Todd Calder, Claudia Card, Ann Cudd, Eric Kraemer, Alice MacLachlan, Sarah Clark Miller, María Pía Lara, Robin May Schott, Laurence Thomas & Lynne Tirrell - 2009 - Lexington Books.
    Rather than focusing on political and legal debates surrounding attempts to determine if and when genocidal rape has taken place in a particular setting, this essay turns instead to a crucial, yet neglected area of inquiry: the moral significance of genocidal rape, and more specifically, the nature of the harms that constitute the culpable wrongdoing that genocidal rape represents. In contrast to standard philosophical accounts, which tend to employ an individualistic framework, this essay offers a situated understanding of harm that (...)
     
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  15. I Cannot Tell You (Everything) About My Dreams: Reply to Ivanowich and Weisberg.Miguel Ángel Sebastián - 2013 - In Consciousness Inside and Out: Phenomenology, Neuroscience, and the Nature of Experience. Springer Studies in Brain and Mind.
  16.  93
    Robots, Dennett and the Autonomous: A Terminological Investigation. [REVIEW]C. T. A. Schmidt & Felicitas Kraemer - 2006 - Minds and Machines 16 (1):73-80.
    In the present enterprise we take a look at the meaning of Autonomy, how the word has been employed and some of the consequences of its use in the sciences of the artificial. Could and should robots really be autonomous entities? Over and beyond this, we use concepts from the philosophy of mind to spur on enquiry into the very essence of human autonomy. We believe our initiative, as does Dennett's life-long research, sheds light upon the problems of robot design (...)
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  17.  13
    Neurochemical Correlates of Stress and Depression: Depletion or Disorganization?Gary W. Kraemer - 1982 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 5 (1):110-110.
  18.  81
    Ontology or Phenomenology? How the Lvad Challenges the Euthanasia Debate.Felicitas Kraemer - 2013 - Bioethics 27 (3):140-150.
    This article deals with the euthanasia debate in light of new life-sustaining technologies such as the left ventricular assist device (LVAD). The question arises: does the switching off of a LVAD by a doctor upon the request of a patient amount to active or passive euthanasia, i.e. to ‘killing’ or to ‘letting die’? The answer hinges on whether the device is to be regarded as a proper part of the patient's body or as something external. We usually regard the switching (...)
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  19.  36
    A Psychobiological Theory of Attachment.Gary W. Kraemer - 1992 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15 (3):493-511.
  20.  26
    Some Problems with Genetic Emotional Enhancement.Felicitas Kraemer - 2012 - Journal of Value Inquiry 46 (4):435-447.
  21.  28
    Suppression of Emotional Stroop Effects by Fear-Arousal.Andrew Mathews & Shannon Sebastian - 1993 - Cognition and Emotion 7 (6):517-530.
  22. Homeopathy and Extraordinary Claims - a Response to Smith's Utilitarian Argument.Irene Sebastian - 2012 - Bioethics 26 (9):504-505.
    Kevin Smith's utilitarian argument against homeopathy1 is flawed because he did not review and refute the relevant basic science literature on ultra-high dilutions. He also failed to appreciate that allopathic medicine is based on a deductive-nomothetic method and that homeopathic medicine is based on an inductive-idiographic method, and thus that the implications for clinical research are very different. His misunderstanding of provings and of the holism of homeopathic medicine also demonstrated his failure to understand the history, philosophy and method of (...)
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  23.  65
    On The Moral Twin-Earth Challenge to New-Wave Moral Realism.Eric Russert Kraemer - 1991 - Journal of Philosophical Research 16:467-472.
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  24. Ethical Subjectivism and the Rational Good.William S. Kraemer - 1951 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 12 (4):526-537.
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  25.  41
    Revisiting Recent Etiological Theories of Functions.Daniel M. Kraemer - 2014 - Biology and Philosophy 29 (5):747-759.
    Arguably, the most widely endorsed account of normative functions in philosophy of biology is an etiological theory that holds that the function of current traits is fixed by the past selection history of other traits of that type. The earlier formulations of this “selected-effects” theory had trouble accommodating vestigial traits. In order to remedy these difficulties, the influential recent selection or modern history selected-effects theory was introduced. This paper expands upon and strengthens the argument that this theory has trouble stemming (...)
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  26. Consciousness Inside and Out: Phenomenology, Neuroscience, and the Nature of Experience. Springer Studies in Brain and Mind.Miguel Ángel Sebastián - 2013
     
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  27.  65
    Intentional Action, Chance and Control: [Analysis "Problem" No. 16].Eric Russert Kraemer - 1978 - Analysis 38 (3):116 - 117.
  28.  94
    Phenomenalism and Observation Conditions.Eric Russert Kraemer - 1984 - Analysis 44 (3):140 - 143.
  29.  23
    Normativity From an Organizational Perspective.Daniel Mark Kraemer - 2014 - Biological Theory 9 (3):1-5.
  30.  17
    Picturing the Authenticity of Emotions.Felicitas Kraemer - 2009 - In Mikko Salmela & Verena Mayer (eds.), Emotions, Ethics, and Authenticity. John Benjamins. pp. 5--71.
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  31.  27
    Function, Gene and Behavior.Eric Kraemer - unknown
    In this paper I begin by examining a particularly disturbing eliminativist argument from Evelyn Fox Keller against the continued use of the very concept of the gene. If Fox Keller’s argument were to work, then any attempt to continue with or attempt to revise behavioral genetics would be doomed. In the course of replying to Fox Keller’s argument a revised, functional concept of the gene is presented and defending. Using this revised conception of the gene I then consider how appeal (...)
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  32.  36
    Reason in the Balance.Eric Kraemer - 2012 - Teaching Philosophy 35 (1):95-99.
  33.  23
    Religion and Medicine or the Spiritual Dimension of Healing.Dima-Cozma Corina & Cozma Sebastian - 2012 - Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 11 (31):31-48.
    This paper analyses the relationship between religion and the field of medicine and health care in light of other recent studies. Generally, religion and spirituality have a positive impact on disease. For patients diagnosed with malignancies and chronic diseases, religion is an important dimension of healing. From ancient times, God has been considered an inspiration for the physician's knowledge and healing resources. Some authors have proposed a brief history of spiritual and religious states that the doctor can apply to his (...)
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  34.  7
    LAMONT, CORLISS. "Humanism as a Philosophy". [REVIEW]William S. Kraemer - 1950 - Modern Schoolman 28:156.
  35. Conjunctive Properties and Scientific Realism.Eric Russert Kraemer - 1977 - Analysis 37 (2):85 - 86.
  36.  10
    Do We Really Want More “Reliable” Reviewers?Helena Chmura Kraemer - 1991 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (1):152-154.
  37. Abortion and Cloning.Eric Russen Kraemer - 1983 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 21 (4):537-545.
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  38.  6
    LAMONT, CORLISS. "The Illusion of Immortality". [REVIEW]William S. Kraemer - 1950 - Modern Schoolman 28:159.
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  39. Is the Best Really Necessary?E. R. Kraemer - 1990 - Analysis 50 (1):42 - 43.
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  40.  25
    Intellectual History, Liberty and Republicanism.Javier Fernández Sebastián - 2007 - Contributions to the History of Concepts 3 (1):103-123.
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  41.  22
    Conceptual History, Memory, and Identity: An Interview with Reinhart Koselleck.Javier Fernández Sebastián & Juan Francisco Fuentes - 2006 - Contributions to the History of Concepts 2 (1):99-127.
  42.  8
    The Micro-Category Account of Analogy.Adam E. Green, Jonathan A. Fugelsang, David J. M. Kraemer & Kevin N. Dunbar - 2008 - Cognition 106 (2):1004-1016.
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  43.  76
    Imitation-Man and the 'New' Epiphenomenalism.Eric Russert Kraemer - 1980 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 10 (September):479-487.
  44.  41
    Humanism as a Philosophy.William S. Kraemer - 1951 - Modern Schoolman 28 (2):156-159.
  45.  32
    Philosophy in the Renaissance of Islam: Abū Sulaymān Al-Sijistānī and His Circle.Joel L. Kraemer - 1986 - E.J. Brill.
    ... the turn of the fourth/tenth century, in the province of Sijistan, Muhammad b. Tahir b. Bahram was born, known in the fullness of time as Abu Sulayman ...
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  46. Brill Online Books and Journals.Nathaniel Deutsch, Joel Kraemer, Josef Stern, Hannah Kasher, David Barzilai, Irene Kajon, Carolina Armenteros & Ilan Gur-Ze'ev - 1999 - Journal of Jewish Thought and Philosophy 8 (1).
     
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  47.  45
    Moral Principles of Action.William S. Kraemer - 1953 - Modern Schoolman 31 (1):58-58.
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  48.  29
    Child Labour.Vicente Sebastian - 1997 - Business Ethics 6 (4):208–212.
    Objections to child labour range from its creating unfair trade advantage to its infringing children’s human rights. Analysis of the responsibilities of various parties implicated in the use of child labour can lead to identifying stages in a cumulative ethical approach which is not self‐defeating. The author is an economist who has recently completed his MBA at London Business School.
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  49.  8
    Moses Maimonides : An Intellectual Portrait.Joel L. Kraemer - 2005 - In Kenneth Seeskin (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Maimonides. Cambridge University Press. pp. 10--57.
  50. Women and Gender.Ross Shepherd Kraemer - 2008 - In Susan Ashbrook Harvey & David G. Hunter (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Early Christian Studies. Oxford University Press.
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