Results for 'Kristen Manac’H'

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  1. Enaction-Based Artificial Intelligence: Toward Co-Evolution with Humans in the Loop. [REVIEW]Pierre De Loor, Kristen Manac’H.. & Jacques Tisseau - 2009 - Minds and Machines 19 (3):319-343.
    This article deals with the links between the enaction paradigm and artificial intelligence. Enaction is considered a metaphor for artificial intelligence, as a number of the notions which it deals with are deemed incompatible with the phenomenal field of the virtual. After explaining this stance, we shall review previous works regarding this issue in terms of artificial life and robotics. We shall focus on the lack of recognition of co-evolution at the heart of these approaches. We propose to explicitly integrate (...)
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  2.  6
    Enaction-Based Artificial Intelligence: Toward Co-Evolution with Humans in the Loop.Pierre Loor, Kristen Manac’H.. & Jacques Tisseau - 2009 - Minds and Machines 19 (3):319-343.
  3. Law Is the Command of the Sovereign: H. L. A. Hart Reconsidered.Andrew Stumpff Morrison - 2016 - Ratio Juris 29 (3):364-384.
    This article presents a critical reevaluation of the thesis—closely associated with H. L. A. Hart, and central to the views of most recent legal philosophers—that the idea of state coercion is not logically essential to the definition of law. The author argues that even laws governing contracts must ultimately be understood as “commands of the sovereign, backed by force.” This follows in part from recognition that the “sovereign,” defined rigorously, at the highest level of abstraction, is that person or entity (...)
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  4.  52
    Mechanistic Slumber Vs. Statistical Insomnia: The Early Phase of Boltzmann’s H-Theorem (1868-1877).Massimiliano Badino - 2011 - European Physical Journal - H 36 (3):353-378.
    An intricate, long, and occasionally heated debate surrounds Boltzmann’s H-theorem (1872) and his combinatorial interpretation of the second law (1877). After almost a century of devoted and knowledgeable scholarship, there is still no agreement as to whether Boltzmann changed his view of the second law after Loschmidt’s 1876 reversibility argument or whether he had already been holding a probabilistic conception for some years at that point. In this paper, I argue that there was no abrupt statistical turn. In the first (...)
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  5.  35
    Kurt H. Wolff and Italy: Tracing the Steps of an Elusive Spirit on His Journey Home.Onorina Del Vecchio - 2016 - Human Studies 39 (3):433-450.
    This article traces Kurt H. Wolff’s involvement with Italy, from his first sojourn in the 1930s as a German Jewish intellectual in exile to the end of his life. Wolff developed profound ties with the country that hosted him, and that he was forced to abandon once racial laws were introduced there on the eve of World War II. Nonetheless, throughout his life he regarded Italy as an elective homeland of sorts. Wolff’s Italian experience is revisited through a detailed examination (...)
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  6. Law, Morality, and Society: Essays in Honour of H. L. A. Hart.P. M. S. Hacker & Joseph Raz (eds.) - 1977 - Oxford University Press.
    Law, Morality and Society Essays in Honour of H.L.A Hart.
     
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  7. The Foundation of an Interpretative Sociology: A Critical Review of the Attempts of George H. Mead and Alfred Schutz.Christian Etzrodt - 2008 - Human Studies 31 (2):157-177.
    George H. Mead and Alfred Schutz proposed foundations for an interpretative sociology from opposite standpoints. Mead accepted the objective meaning structure a priori. His problem became therefore the explanation of the individuality and creativity of human actors in his social behavioristic approach. In contrast, Schutz started from the subjective consciousness of an isolated actor as a result of a phenomenological reduction. He was concerned with the problem of explaining the possibility of this isolated actor’s perceiving other actors in their existence, (...)
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  8.  55
    Of Mice and Men: Evolution and the Socialist Utopia. William Morris, H.G. Wells, and George Bernard Shaw. [REVIEW]Piers J. Hale - 2010 - Journal of the History of Biology 43 (1):17 - 66.
    During the British socialist revival of the 1880s competing theories of evolution were central to disagreements about strategy for social change. In News from Nowhere (1891), William Morris had portrayed socialism as the result of Lamarckian processes, and imagined a non-Malthusian future. H.G. Wells, an enthusiastic admirer of Morris in the early days of the movement, became disillusioned as a result of the Malthusianism he learnt from Huxley and his subsequent rejection of Lamarckism in light of Weismann's experiments on mice. (...)
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  9.  2
    K.H. Ahmad Sanusi : Biografi Ulama Hadis Keturunan Nabi Saw Asal Sukabumi.H. Istikhori - 2019 - Refleksi 18 (1):30-65.
    Hadith scholars are individuals who play an important role in the spread of the Prophetic traditions. in the midst of his people, as an authoritative source after the Qur'an for the complete Islamic legal construct, which was previously discovered and compiled by the Imam of Hadith in their canonical books, like Imam Muḥammad ibn Ismā’īl al-Bukhārī in “Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī” and Muslim Imam ibn al-Ḥajjāj al-Naysābūrī in “Muslim Ṣaḥīḥ”, through long tracing from one country to another in order to obtain directly (...)
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  10.  11
    When Saying “Sorry” Isn’T Enough: Is Some Suicidal Behavior a Costly Signal of Apology?Kristen L. Syme & Edward H. Hagen - 2019 - Human Nature 30 (1):117-141.
    Lethal and nonlethal suicidal behaviors are major global public health problems. Much suicidal behavior occurs after the suicide victim committed a murder or other serious transgression. The present study tested a novel evolutionary model termed the Costly Apology Model against the ethnographic record. The bargaining model sees nonlethal suicidal behavior as an evolved costly signal of need in the wake of adversity. Relying on this same theoretical framework, the CAM posits that nonlethal suicidal behavior can sometimes serve as an honest (...)
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  11.  31
    Heinrich Hertz’s Neo-Kantian Philosophy of Science, and its Development by Harald Høffding.Frederik Voetmann Christiansen - 2006 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 37 (1):1-20.
    This article is an investigation of parallel themes in Heinrich Hertz's philosophy science and Kant's theory of schemata, symbols and regulative ideas. It is argued that Hertz's "pictures" bears close similarities to Kantian "schemata", that is, they are rules linking concepts to intuitions and provide them with their meaning. Kant's distinction between symbols and schemata is discussed and related to Hertz's three pictures of mechanics. It is argued that Hertz considered his own picture of mechanics as symbolic in a different (...)
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  12.  60
    Actual and Perceived Stability of Preferences for Life-Sustaining Treatment.R. Mitchell Gready, Peter H. Ditto, Joseph H. Danks, Kristen M. Coppola, Lisa K. Lockhart & William D. Smucker - 2000 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 11 (4):334-346.
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  13.  67
    Heinrich Hertz’s Neo-Kantian Philosophy of Science, and its Development by Harald Høffding.Frederik Voetmann Christiansen - 2006 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 37 (1):1 - 20.
    This article is an investigation of parallel themes in Heinrich Hertz's philosophy science and Kant's theory of schemata, symbols and regulative ideas. It is argued that Hertz's "pictures" bears close similarities to Kantian "schemata", that is, they are rules linking concepts to intuitions and provide them with their meaning. Kant's distinction between symbols and schemata is discussed and related to Hertz's three pictures of mechanics. It is argued that Hertz considered his own picture of mechanics (the "hidden mass" picture) as (...)
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  14.  76
    Ernst H. Gombrich on Abstract Painting.Elisa Caldarola - 2015 - Aisthesis: Pratiche, Linguaggi E Saperi Dell’Estetico 8 (2):77-86.
    Ernst H. Gombrich criticized abstract painting with several remarks scattered around his wide oeuvre. I argue that his view of abstract paintings is coherent with the account of pictorial representation he put forward in Art and Illusion, show some limits of such view, and maintain that, although several of Gombrich’s criticisms of abstract painting should be rejected, some of his remarks are insightful and worth of consideration.
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  15.  66
    T.H. Morgan, Neither an Epistemological Empiricist nor a “Methodological” Empiricist.Marga Vicedo - 1990 - Biology and Philosophy 5 (3):293-311.
    T. H. Morgan (1866–1945), the founder of the Drosophila research group in genetics that established the chromosome theory of Mendelian inheritance, has been described as a radical empiricist in the historical literature. His empiricism, furthermore, is supposed to have prejudiced him against certain scientific conclusions. This paper aims to show two things: first, that the sense in which the term empiricism has been used by scholars is too weak to be illuminating. It is necessary to distinguish between empiricism as an (...)
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  16.  50
    Promoting Critical Thinking in Higher Education: My Experiences as the Inaugural Eugene H. Fram Chair in Applied Critical Thinking at Rochester Institute of Technology.Clarence Burton Sheffield - 2018 - Topoi 37 (1):155-163.
    From 2012 to 2015 I was the first Eugene H. Fram Chair in Applied Critical Thinking at Rochester Institute of Technology, in Rochester, NY. To the best of my knowledge it is the only such endowed position devoted solely to this at a major North American university. It was made possible by a generous 3 million dollar gift from an anonymous alumnus who wished to honor a retired faculty member who had taught for 51 years. The honoree was revered for (...)
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  17.  88
    Four Entries for the Rawls Lexicon: Charles Beitz, H.L.A. Hart, Citizen, Sovereignty.Matthew Lister - 2015 - In Jon Mandle & David Reidy (eds.), The Cambridge Rawls Lexicon. Cambridge University Press.
    These are for entries for _The Cambridge Rawls Lexicon_, edited by Jon Mandle and David Reidy, on H.L.A. Hart, Charles Beitz, Sovereignty, and Citizen.
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  18.  38
    H. Richard Niebuhr's Reading of George Herbert Mead: Correcting, Completing, and Looking Ahead.Joshua Daniel - 2016 - Journal of Religious Ethics 44 (1):92-115.
    In this essay, I reconstruct H. Richard Niebuhr's interpretation of George Herbert Mead's account of the social constitution of the self. Specifically, I correct Niebuhr's interpretation, because it mischaracterizes Mead's understanding of social constitution as more dialogical than ecological. I also argue that Niebuhr's interpretation needs completing because it fails to engage one of Mead's more significant notions, the I/me distinction within the self. By reconstructing Niebuhr's account of faith and responsibility as theologically self-constitutive through Mead's I/me distinction, I demonstrate (...)
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  19.  62
    Critical Notice of 'Expression and the Inner' by David H. Finkelstein. [REVIEW]María G. Navarro - 2012 - Polis: Revista Latinoamericana 32.
    La obra del filósofo estadounidense David H. Finkelstein, Expression and the Inner, publicada originariamente en 2003 por Harvard University Press (2ª ed. 2008) puede ahora leerse en la versión española de Lino San Juan, editada por la ovetense KRK Ediciones con el título: La expresión y lo interno. Finkelstein propone en La expresión y lo interno un análisis expresivista del autoconocimiento. Podría parecer cuando menos sorprendente y aún más admirable que con tan sólo dos capítulos (“Detectivismo y constitutivismo” y “Expresión”) (...)
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  20.  43
    H‐Monotonically Computable Real Numbers.Xizhong Zheng, Robert Rettinger & George Barmpalias - 2005 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 51 (2):157-170.
    Let h : ℕ → ℚ be a computable function. A real number x is called h-monotonically computable if there is a computable sequence of rational numbers which converges to x h-monotonically in the sense that h|x – xn| ≥ |x – xm| for all n andm > n. In this paper we investigate classes h-MC of h-mc real numbers for different computable functions h. Especially, for computable functions h : ℕ → ℚ, we show that the class h-MC coincides (...)
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  21.  46
    Regions of Sorrow: Anxiety and Messianism in Hannah Arendt and W. H. Auden.Susannah Gottlieb - 2003 - Stanford University Press.
    W. H. Auden and Hannah Arendt belonged to a generation that experienced the catastrophic events of the mid-twentieth century, and they both sought to respond to the enormity of the novel phenomena they witnessed.
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  22.  45
    Christianity, Englishness and the Southern English Countryside: A Study of the Work of H.J. Massingham.Clare A. Palmer - 2002 - Social and Cultural Geography 3 (1):25-38.
    This paper explores the relationships between Christianity, Englishness, and ideas about the southern English landscape in the writings of the 1930s and 1940s rural commentator, H.J. Massingham. The paper begins by looking in general terms at the conjunction of religious and national identities in the context of national landscapes before moving on to consider in more detail one particular instance of this in the writing of H.J. Massingham. Massingham's understanding of a divine natural order, his construction of a kind of (...)
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  23.  54
    Review of 'New Waves in Philosophy of Action' Edited by Jesús H. Aguilar, Andrei A. Buckareff and Keith Frankish. [REVIEW]María G. Navarro - 2012 - Metapsychology Online Reviews 16 (51).
    New Waves in Philosophy, a book collection that stands out for giving a snapshot of research in all areas of philosophy is a successful editorial project addressed by Vincent F. Hendricks and Duncan Pritchard. New Waves in Philosophy of Action is one of its last titles, edited by Jesús H. Aguilar, Andrei A. Buckareff and Keith Frankish. -/- The book is aimed at the researchers of all fields and readers in general interested in this sub-discipline of philosophy very difficult to (...)
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  24.  36
    Critical Notice of 'Controversy and Confrontation. Relating Controversy Analysis with Argumentation Theory' by Frans H. Van Eemeren and Bart Garssen. [REVIEW]María G. Navarro - 2011 - Informal Logic 31 (1):69-74.
    Since the first volume appeared in 2005, the collection Controversies has brought together pieces of work related to the field of argumentation, giving particular attention to those that are concerned with theoretical and practical problems connected with discursive controversy and confrontation. Authors such as P. Barrotta, M. Dascal, S. Frogel, H. Chang and D. Walton had already either edited or written previous editions to the present volume (volume six) of the collection. F. H. van Eemeren and B. Garssen (the former (...)
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  25. Knowledge and Experience in the Philosophy of F. H. Bradley.T. S. Eliot - 1964 - Columbia University Press.
    T. S. Eliot left Harvard during his third year of study in the department of philosophy and went to England. Forty-six years later he authorized the publication of his doctoral dissertation. Here we have a reprint of his sympathetic but not entirely uncritical study of the English idealist philosopher F. H. Bradley.
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  26. Knowledge and Reality: A Criticism of Mr F. H. Bradley's ‘Principles of Logic'.Bernard Bosanquet - 1885 - Kegan Paul, Trench.
    After more than a decade teaching ancient Greek history and philosophy at University College, Oxford, British philosopher and political theorist Bernard Bosanquet resigned from his post to spend more time writing. He was particularly interested in contemporary social theory, and was involved with the Charity Organisation Society and the London Ethical Society. He wrote numerous articles before beginning this book, which was his first and was published in 1885 as a response to the Principles of Logic, published in 1883, by (...)
     
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  27. Knowledge and Reality: A Criticism of Mr F. H. Bradley's ‘Principles of Logic'.Bernard Bosanquet - 2011 - Cambridge University Press.
    After more than a decade teaching ancient Greek history and philosophy at University College, Oxford, British philosopher and political theorist Bernard Bosanquet resigned from his post to spend more time writing. He was particularly interested in contemporary social theory, and was involved with the Charity Organisation Society and the London Ethical Society. He wrote numerous articles before beginning this book, which was his first and was published in 1885 as a response to the Principles of Logic, published in 1883, by (...)
     
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  28. Verbatim Report of the Three Trials for Blasphemy of Mssrs. G.W. Foote, W.J. Ramsey, and H.A. Kemp Before Mr. Justice North and Common Juries on the 1st and 5th March 1883 at the Old Bailey and of Mssrs. Foote and Ramsey, Before the Lord Chief Justice of England, and a Special Jury, in the Queen's Bench, on April 24, 1883. [REVIEW]G. W. Foote, W. J. Ramsey & H. A. Kemp - 1883 - Progressive Publishing Co.
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  29. H.L.A. Hart y El Concepto de Derecho.H. L. A. Hart & Agustín Squella - 1986 - Universidad de Valparaiso.
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  30. Reflexiviteit En Metafysica Bijdragen Aan Het Symposium ter Gelegenheid van Het Afscheid van Prof. J.H.A. Hollak, Georganiseerd Door de Universiteiten van Amsterdam, Nijmegen En Twente Gezamenlijk. [REVIEW]J. H. A. Hollak, Thomas Baumeister & Louk Fleischhacker - 1987
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  31.  27
    Roots of Relational Ethics: Responsibility in Origin and Maturity in H. Richard Niebuhr.R. Melvin Keiser - 1996 - Oup Usa.
    H. Richard Nieburh's major work, which he did not live to complete, was to be on theological ethics. Based on the published and unpublished writings that Niebuhr completed during the last decade of his life, Roots of Relational Ethics demonstrates that Niebuhr's conception of responsibility was the culmination of his thought about self, God, Christ, the church, ethics and decision-making, and social evil. R. Melvin Keiser examines the limitations and potential of Niebuhr's use of responsibility in comparison with relevant themes (...)
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  32. Faith and Creativity Essays in Honor of Eugene H. Peters.Eugene H. Peters, George Nordgulen & George W. Shields - 1987
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  33. Hearing and Doing Philosophical Essays Dedicated to H. Evan Runner.H. Evan Runner, John Kraay & Anthony Tol - 1979
     
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  34. H.de Lubac: teologia e dogma nella storia.A. Russo - 1991 - Appunti di Cultura E Politica 1991:30--36.
    Si tratta di una analisi complessiva del problema del rapporto tra teologia e storia in H. de Lubac alla luce del suo rapporto con la filosofia francese, in particolare con Maurice Blondel.
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  35. The Postscript to H.L.A. Hart's the Concept of Law.H. Sheinman - 1996
  36. Metabletica En Wetenschap Kritische Bestandsopname van Het Werk van J.H. Van den Berg.J. H. van den Berg & J. van Belzen - 1997
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  37. The First Nine Months of Editing Wittgenstein - Letters From G.E.M. Anscombe and Rush Rhees to G.H. Von Wright.Christian Eric Erbacher & Sophia Victoria Krebs - 2015 - Nordic Wittgenstein Review 4 (1):195-231.
    The National Library of Finland and the Von Wright and Wittgenstein Archives at the University of Helsinki keep the collected correspondence of Georg Henrik von Wright, Wittgenstein’s friend and successor at Cambridge and one of the three literary executors of Wittgenstein’s Nachlass. Among von Wright’s correspondence partners, Elizabeth Anscombe and Rush Rhees are of special interest to Wittgenstein scholars as the two other trustees of the Wittgenstein papers. Thus, von Wright’s collections held in Finland promise to shed light on the (...)
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  38.  24
    Is Elijah Masinde a Sage-Philosopher? The Dispute Between H. Odera Oruka and Chaungo Barasa.Gail Presbey - 1997 - In Kai Kresse & Anke Graness (eds.), Sagacious Reasoning: Henry Odera Oruka in Memoriam. Frankfurt am Main, Germany: Peter Lang Verlag. pp. 195-209.
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  39.  22
    Chance in Science: The Discovery of Electromagnetism by H.C. Oersted.Nahum Kipnis - 2005 - Science & Education 14 (1):1-28.
    Ignoring therole of chance in science distorts the nature of the scientific process. Teachers can address this issue by means of several in-depth historical case studies, such as the discovery of electromagnetism by Oersted. Oersted was led to his lecture experiment by logic (two new hypotheses), but its success from the first trial was largely due to chance. Reproducing Oersted's experiment in the classroom complements the story by atlowing students to see for themselves the role of some accidental factors, such (...)
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  40.  23
    The Sublime Subject of Literary Analysis: A Žižekian Reading of D. H. Lawrence.Vicky Panossian - 2018 - International Journal of Žižek Studies 12 (3).
    This article aims to present a Žižekian reading of the British author David Herbert Lawrence. The contemporary continental philosopher has tackled each of the British author’s reoccurring themes individually and thus may be used as a keystone for a valid literary interpretatio n. The paper begins by shedding light on the representation of Western ideology, moves further into the comprehension of the impacts of modern cultural capital and the limitations of industrialization. While at the same time the dissertation targets another (...)
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  41.  30
    Darwinism and the Origin of Life: The Role of H. C. Bastian in the British Spontaneous Generation Debates, 1868-1873. [REVIEW]James Strick - 1999 - Journal of the History of Biology 32 (1):51 - 92.
    Henry Charlton Bastian's support for spontaneous generation is shown to have developed from his commitment to the new evolutionary science of Darwin, Spencer, Huxley and Tyndall. Tracing Bastian's early career development shows that he was one of the most talented rising young stars among the Darwinians in the 1860s. His argument for a logically necessary link between evolution and spontaneous generation was widely believed among those sympathetic to Darwin's ideas. Spontaneous generation implied materialism to many, however, and it had associations (...)
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  42.  7
    Review: H.G. Callaway (Ed.) James, A Pluralistic Universe by William James. [REVIEW]Phil Oliver - 2009 - Newsletter of the Society for the Advancement of American Philosophy 37 (108):40-42.
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  43.  23
    A Critical Assessment of the H‐Index.Natascha Gaster & Michael Gaster - 2012 - Bioessays 34 (10):830-832.
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  44. Review of H.G. Callaway (Ed) R.W. Emerson, The Conduct of Life: A Philosophical Reading. [REVIEW]Jaime Nubiola - 2006 - Anuario Filosófico 39 ( 3):817-818.
    We find before us an excellent edition of the book which the influential American thinker Ralph Waldo Emerson (1802-82) published in December of 1860, four months before the outbreak of the American Civil War. The central question which Emerson poses in this volume concerns the conduct of life, that is, of how to live. The titles of the nine essays, which compose the book, illustrate the themes tackled: “Fate,” “Power,” “Wealth”, “Culture,” “Behavior,” “Worship”, “Considerations by the Way,” “Beauty” and “Illusions.” (...)
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  45.  26
    Setting-Up Early Computer Programs: D. H. Lehmer’s ENIAC Computation. [REVIEW]Maarten Bullynck & Liesbeth De Mol - 2010 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 49 (2):123-146.
    A complete reconstruction of Lehmer’s ENIAC set-up for computing the exponents of p modulo two is given. This program served as an early test program for the ENIAC (1946). The reconstruction illustrates the difficulties of early programmers to find a way between a man operated and a machine operated computation. These difficulties concern both the content level (the algorithm) and the formal level (the logic of sequencing operations).
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  46. The Philosophy of H.P. Lovecraft the Route to Horror.Timo Airaksinen - 1999
     
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  47.  43
    Philosophical Ideas and Scientific Practice: A Note on the Empiricism of T.H. Morgan. [REVIEW]N. Roll-Hansen - 1992 - Biology and Philosophy 7 (1):69-76.
    In a reply to Marga Vicedo the philosophical inconsistency of Morgan is emphasized. It is argued that even if a strict classification of scientists according to their philosophical position is not possible, their science may still be influenced by their philosophical ideas. Finally it is suggested that philosophical ideas influence science less by a direct effect on the scientists than indirectly through science policy and administration.
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  48. Review of H.G. Callaway (Ed) R.W. Emerson, Society and Solitude: Twelve Chapters. [REVIEW]Richard A. S. Hall - 2009 - The Pluralist 4 (1):118-123.
    Howard Callaway's new edition of Ralph Waldo Emerson's Society and Solitude is an invaluable contribution to both the primary and secondary literature on Emerson. Its contribution to the primary sources is its use of the original 1870 edition of Emerson's text, though with modernized spellings to facilitate the reader's understanding. Its contribution to the secondary literature consists in the scholarly apparatus of page-by-page annotations, an introduction, a chronology, a bibliography, and an index. Callaway's Society and Solitude is a worthy companion (...)
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  49.  23
    J. H. Hexter, Neo-Whiggism And Early Stuart Historiography.William H. Dray - 1987 - History and Theory 26 (2):133-149.
    J. H. Hexter, an American historian of early seventeenth-century history, terms himself whiggish and claims whiggishness is returning after the misguided popularity of Marxism. The distinction "whiggish" is more elusive than his claim suggests, and the accuracy of its application to Hexter's claim is unclear. Three characteristics commonly assigned to whig interpretation by its critics can be seen as reflections of broader, unresolved historical issues. These are: attention to political and constitutional issues; a tendency to refer to the present in (...)
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  50.  38
    Poder, violência e biopolítica. Diálogos devidos entre H. Arendt e M. Foucault.Castor M. M. Bartolomé Ruiz - 2014 - Veritas – Revista de Filosofia da Pucrs 59 (1):10-37.
    This paper aims to present a critique of naturalistic theories of violence. The context of this critique concerns the naturalization of violence, which induces the assimilation power as a form of violence. Therefore, we resumed the theses of Hannah Arendt and Michel Foucault on power and violence. The goal is not to list the differences between these authors on the subject, which are explicit in the development of the test, but show their concordance regarding the critique of power as something (...)
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