Results for 'Kristina Haglund'

322 found
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  1.  23
    Ethics Rounds.Marit Silén, Mia Ramklint, Mats G. Hansson & Kristina Haglund - 2016 - Nursing Ethics 23 (2):203-213.
  2. Cum Grano Salis Essays Dedicated to Dick A. R. Haglund.Dick A. R. Haglund & Claes Åberg - 1989
     
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  3.  31
    Twenty Years of Human Research Ethics Committees in the Baltic States.Vilius Dranseika, Eugenijus Gefenas, Asta Cekanauskaite, H. U. G. Kristina, Signe Mezinska, Eimantas Peicius, Vents Silis, Andres Soosaar & Martin Strosberg - 2011 - Developing World Bioethics 11 (1):48-54.
    Two decades have passed since the first attempts were made to establish systematic ethical review of human research in the Baltic States. Legally and institutionally much has changed. In this paper we provide an historical and structural overview of ethical review of human research and identify some problems related to the role of ethical review in establishing quality research environment in these countries. Problems connected to (a) public availability of information, (b) management of conflicts of interest, (c) REC composition and (...)
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  4. The View From Somewhere - Investigations Pertaining to the Implications of the Impurity of the Third- and the First-Person-Perspective.John Haglund - forthcoming - Continental Philosophy Review.
    The old duality that eventually came to produce the mind/body-problem indicates the problem of transcendental subjectivity. The enduring significance of this problem shows itself in a provocation of any paradigm that has become too objectivistic, too naturalistic – even too idealistic in a certain sense – and too forgetful of its own departure from a perspective always presumed. Analytic philosophy bears a tendency towards such a ‘view from nowhere’ which denies a fundamental subjective connection. The rebuttal of this position entails (...)
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  5. The Meaning-Sharing Network.John Haglund & Johan Blomberg - 2010 - Hortues Semioticus 6:17-30.
    We advocate an analysis of meaning that departs from the pragmatic slogan that “meaning is use”. However, in order to avoid common missteps, this claim is in dire need of qualification. We argue that linguistic meaning does not originate from language use as such; therefore we cannot base a theory of meaning only on use. It is important not to neglect the fact that language is ultimately reliant on non-linguistic factors. This might seem to oppose the aforementioned slogan, but it (...)
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  6.  12
    Epidemiology and Moral Philosophy.C. G. Westrin, T. Nilstun, B. Smedby & B. Haglund - 1992 - Journal of Medical Ethics 18 (4):193-196.
    To an increasing extent ethical controversies affect and sometimes obstruct public health work and epidemiological research. In order to improve communication between the concerned parties a model for identification and analysis of ethical conflicts in individual-based research has been worked out in co-operation between epidemiologists and moral philosophers. The model has two dimensions. One dimension specifies relevant ethical principles (as beneficence, non-maleficence, autonomy and justice). The other dimension specifies the groups of persons involved in the conflict under consideration (for example: (...)
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  7.  3
    Philosophy with Children : Moral Argumentation and the Role of Pictures.Ylva Backman, Liza Haglund, Viktor Gardelli & Anders Persson - unknown
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  8.  3
    Coherentism as a Foundation for Ethical Dialog and Evaluation in School : Value Communication, Assessment and Mediation.Viktor Gardelli, Anders Persson, Liza Haglund & Ylva Backman - unknown
    In this paper, we are mainly concerned with coherentism as an approach to ethical dialog in school. We have two different but connected aims with the paper. The first aim is to say something about general philosophical questions relating to coherentism as a theory in metaethics, and especially in relation to value education; the second aim is to explore some possible implications of coherentism as a method in studying the enterprise of discussing ethical issues and questions with children as well (...)
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  9.  7
    A Philosophical View on Concepts in Psychiatry.Helge Malmgren, Susanna Radovic, Henrik Thorén & Bjorn Haglund - unknown
    This essay first outlines a philosophical theory of concepts and then applies it to two areas of relevance to psychiatrists, especially forensic psychiatrists. In the philosophical theory, the respective roles of verbal and non-verbal definitions are illuminated, and the importance of the phenomenon of division of semantic labour is stressed. It is pointed out that vagueness and ambiguity of a term often result when the term is used for several practical purposes at the same time. Such multi-purpose uses of terms (...)
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  10.  22
    Optical Images of Visible and Invisible Percepts in the Primary Visual Cortex of Primates.Stephen L. Macknik & Michael M. Haglund - 1999 - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 96 (26):15208-15210.
  11.  25
    Determination of the Prevalence of Depression Among the Elderly Using the Geriatric Depression Scale.Valentin Mary Grace, Aguirre Karla Mae, Ante Kristina, Calderon Carlos Miguel, Cunanan Andrea Tracy, Lim Hannah Lorraine, Malasan Funny Jovis, Manlutac Katrina Chelsea, Novilla Danielle Ann, Oliveros Marianne, Wee Edwin Monico & Quilala Peter - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  12.  3
    Ethics in School : A Study of the Foundation and Methods for Value Communication.Viktor Gardelli, Anders Persson, Liza Haglund & Ylva Backman - unknown
    This article is about a coming project concerning a coherentist approach to ethics in school. The project has two main parts; one theoretical and one empirical. The former focuses on philosophical problems and issues concerning coherentism as a metaethical position in general, and particularly when applied to the field of value education, and the latter aims to study some consequences of a coherentist approach to the study of discussing ethical matters with children.Metaethical coherentism is a position in the discussion about (...)
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  13.  6
    A Situation-Theoretic Representations of Text Meaning: Anaphora, Quantification, and Negation'.Dag Westerståhl, Björn Haglund & Torbjörn Lager - 1993 - In Peter Aczel, David Israel, Yosuhiro Katagiri & Stanley Peters (eds.), Situation Theory and its Applications Vol. CSLI Publications. pp. 375--408.
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  14.  4
    Manipulating Item Proportion and Deception Reveals Crucial Dissociation Between Behavioral, Autonomic and Neural Indices of Concealed Information.Suchotzki Kristina, Verschuere Bruno, Peth Judith, Crombez Geert & Gamer Matthias - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  15.  5
    Fast Laboratory Test Results Alone Cannot Deliver the Benefits of Near Patient Testing: A Follow‐Up Study After 3 Years of Extended Laboratory Service at a Primary Health Care Centre.Sofie Haglund, Bente Transö, Lars-Göran Persson, Tamara Zafirova & Ewa Grodzinsky - 2009 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 15 (2):227-233.
  16.  3
    Outline of a Naturalized Externalistic Epistemology.Bjorn Haglund - 2013 - In Christer Svennerlind, Jan Almäng & Rögnvaldur Ingthorsson (eds.), Johanssonian Investigations. Essays in Honour of Ingvar Johansson on His Seventieth Birthday. Ontos Verlag. pp. 5--22.
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  17.  10
    Kvantifikator För En Dag - Essays Dedicated to Dag Westerståhl on His Sixtieth Birthday.Björn Haglund & Helge Malmgren (eds.) - 2006 - Philosophical Communications.
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  18. Sich der Realität widersetzen. Kristina Lepold im Gespräch mit Sally Haslanger. [REVIEW]Kristina Lepold & Sally Haslanger - 2015 - WestEnd. Neue Zeitschrift für Sozialforschung 12:159-170.
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  19.  4
    Jörg Rogge, Ed., Recounting Deviance: Forms and Practices of Presenting Divergent Behaviour in the Late Middle Ages and Early Modern Period, in Collaboration with Kristina Müller-Bongard. Bielefeld: Transcript, 2016. Paper. Pp. 208. €29.99. ISBN: 978-3-8376-3588-1.Table of Contents Available Online at Https://Www.Degruyter.Com/Viewbooktoc/Product/477164. [REVIEW]Thomas V. Cohen - 2019 - Speculum 94 (2):588-589.
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  20.  2
    Francesco Ciabattoni, Elsa Filosa, and Kristina Olson, Eds., Boccaccio 1313–2013. Ravenna: Longo Editore, 2015. Paper. Pp. 372; 6 Black-and-White Figures and 2 Tables. €28. ISBN: 978-88-8063-827-8.Table of Contents Available Online at Http://Www.Longo-Editore.It/Scheda_libro.Php?Id=1506. [REVIEW]Todd Boli - 2019 - Speculum 94 (2):515-517.
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  21.  4
    Kristina Roesel and Delia Grace : Food Safety and Informal Markets: Animal Products in Sub-Saharan Africa.Ann Waters-Bayer - 2016 - Agriculture and Human Values 33 (2):493-494.
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  22.  25
    Kristina A. Vogt, Toral Patel-Weynand, Maura Shelton, Daniel J. Vogt, John C. Gordon, Calvin T. Mukumoto, Asep S. Suntana and Patricia A. Roads: Sustainability Unpacked: Food, Energy and Water for Resilient Environments and Societies. [REVIEW]Orla Shortall - 2013 - Agriculture and Human Values 30 (3):487-488.
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  23.  16
    C. Kristina Gunsalus.Human Subject Protections - 2005 - In Arthur W. Galston & Christiana Z. Peppard (eds.), Expanding Horizons in Bioethics. Springer.
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  24.  12
    Catarina Kinnvall and Kristina Jonsson (Eds), Globalization and Democratization in Asia: The Construction of Identity, London: Routledge, 2002, 276 Pp, ISBN 0-415-277730-2. [REVIEW]Baogang He - 2004 - Japanese Journal of Political Science 5 (1):218-220.
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  25.  11
    Alexander Koller, Ralph Debusmann, Malte Gabsdil, and Kristina Striegnitz/Put My Galakmid Coin Into the Dispenser and Kick It: Computational Linguistics and Theorem Proving in a Computer Game 187–206.Gerhard Jager & Structural Rules Residuation - 2004 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 13:537-539.
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  26.  14
    Ursus Philosophicus - Essays Dedicated to Björn Haglund on His Sixtieth Birthday.Christer Svennerlind (ed.) - 2004 - Philosophical Communications.
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  27.  11
    An Orthodox Perspective on Political Theology.Iuliu-Marius Morariu - 2018 - Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 17 (49):153-157.
    Review of Kristina Stoeckl, Ingeborg Gabriel, Aristotle Papanikolau, eds., Political Theologies in Orthodox Christianity. Common Challenges – Divergent Positions,, Edinburgh: T&T Clark and Bloomberg, 2017.
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  28.  36
    Thinking About Oneself.Kristina Musholt - 2015 - MIT Press.
    In this book, Kristina Musholt offers a novel theory of self-consciousness, understood as the ability to think about oneself. Traditionally, self-consciousness has been central to many philosophical theories. More recently, it has become the focus of empirical investigation in psychology and neuroscience. Musholt draws both on philosophical considerations and on insights from the empirical sciences to offer a new account of self-consciousness—the ability to think about ourselves that is at the core of what makes us human. -/- Examining theories (...)
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  29. Introduction to Ethics: An Open Educational Resource, Collected and Edited by Noah Levin.Noah Levin, Nathan Nobis, David Svolba, Brandon Wooldridge, Kristina Grob, Eduardo Salazar, Benjamin Davies, Jonathan Spelman, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Douglas C. Long, Kristin Seemuth Whaley & Jan F. Jacko (eds.) - 2019 - Huntington Beach, California: N.G.E Far Press.
    Collected and edited by Noah Levin -/- Table of Contents: -/- UNIT ONE: INTRODUCTION TO CONTEMPORARY ETHICS: TECHNOLOGY, AFFIRMATIVE ACTION, AND IMMIGRATION 1 The “Trolley Problem” and Self-Driving Cars: Your Car’s Moral Settings (Noah Levin) 2 What is Ethics and What Makes Something a Problem for Morality? (David Svolba) 3 Letter from the Birmingham City Jail (Martin Luther King, Jr) 4 A Defense of Affirmative Action (Noah Levin) 5 The Moral Issues of Immigration (B.M. Wooldridge) 6 The Ethics of our (...)
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  30. "Common Arguments About Abortion" and "Better (Philosophical) Arguments About Abortion".Nathan Nobis & Kristina Grob - 2019 - Introduction to Ethics: An Open Educational Resource.
    Two chapters -- "Common Arguments about Abortion" and "Better (Philosophical) Arguments About Abortion" -- in one file, from the open access textbook "Introduction to Ethics: An Open Educational Resource" edited by Noah Levin. -/- Adults, children and babies are arguably wrong to kill, fundamentally, because we are conscious, aware and have feelings. Since early fetuses entirely lack these characteristics, we argue that they are not inherently wrong to kill and so most abortions are not morally wrong, since most abortions are (...)
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  31. Infinite Modes.Kristina Meshelski - 2015 - In Andre Santos Campos (ed.), Spinoza: Basic Concepts. Imprint Academic. pp. 43-54.
    In this chapter I explain Spinoza's concept of "infinite modes". After some brief background on Spinoza's thoughts on infinity, I provide reasons to think that Immediate Infinite Modes are identical to the attributes, and that Mediate Infinite Modes are merely totalities of finite modes. I conclude with some considerations against the alternative view that infinite modes are laws of nature.
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  32.  58
    Foundations of Cooperation in Young Children.Kristina R. Olson & Elizabeth S. Spelke - 2008 - Cognition 108 (1):222-231.
  33.  73
    Children Discard a Resource to Avoid Inequity.Alex Shaw & Kristina R. Olson - 2012 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 141 (2):382-395.
  34.  5
    Assessing the Plurality of Actors and Policy Interactions: Agent-Based Modelling of Renewable Energy Market Integration.Marc Deissenroth, Martin Klein, Kristina Nienhaus & Matthias Reeg - 2017 - Complexity:1-24.
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  35.  18
    Amartya Sen’s Nonideal Theory.Kristina Meshelski - 2019 - Ethics and Global Politics 12 (2):31-45.
    Amartya Sen argues that Rawls’s theory is not only unnecessary in the pursuit of justice, but it may even be an impediment to justice in so far as it has discouraged more useful work. Against what he considers the dominance of transcendental theory, Sen calls for a more realistic and practical ‘comparative’ theory of justice. Sen’s negative point has been widely discussed, but here I develop a reconstruction of Sen’s positive theory (a combination of Adam Smith’s Impartial Spectator, Social Choice (...)
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  36. Self-Consciousness and Nonconceptual Content.Kristina Musholt - 2013 - Philosophical Studies 163 (3):649-672.
    Self-consciousness can be defined as the ability to think 'I'-thoughts. Recently, it has been suggested that self-consciousness in this sense can (and should) be accounted for in terms of nonconceptual forms of self-representation. Here, I will argue that while theories of nonconceptual self-consciousness do provide us with important insights regarding the essential genetic and epistemic features of self-conscious thought, they can only deliver part of the full story that is required to understand the phenomenon of self-consciousness. I will provide two (...)
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  37. Self-Consciousness and Intersubjectivity.Kristina Musholt - 2012 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 84 (1):63-89.
    This paper distinguishes between implicit self-related information and explicit self-representation and argues that the latter is required for self-consciousness. It is further argued that self-consciousness requires an awareness of other minds and that this awareness develops over the course of an increasingly complex perspectival differentiation, during which information about self and other that is implicit in early forms of social interaction becomes redescribed into an explicit format.
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  38.  14
    Vicarious Memories.David B. Pillemer, Kristina L. Steiner, Kie J. Kuwabara, Dorthe Kirkegaard Thomsen & Connie Svob - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 36:233-245.
  39.  74
    Imitation Is the Sincerest Form of Cheating: The Influence of Direct Knowledge and Attitudes on Academic Dishonesty.David A. Rettinger, Kristina Ryan, Kristopher Fulks, Anna Deaton, Jeffrey Barnes & Jillian O'Rourke - 2010 - Ethics and Behavior 20 (1):47-64.
    What effect does witnessing other students cheat have on one's own cheating behavior? What roles do moral attitudes and neutralizing attitudes (justifications for behavior) play when deciding to cheat? The present research proposes a model of academic dishonesty which takes into account each of these variables. Findings from experimental (vignette) and survey methods determined that seeing others cheat increases cheating behavior by causing students to judge the behavior less morally reprehensible, not by making rationalization easier. Witnessing cheating also has unique (...)
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  40.  87
    Values in Science: The Case of Scientific Collaboration.Kristina Rolin - 2015 - Philosophy of Science 82 (2):157-177.
    Much of the literature on values in science is limited in its perspective because it focuses on the role of values in individual scientists’ decision making, thereby ignoring the context of scientific collaboration. I examine the epistemic structure of scientific collaboration and argue that it gives rise to two arguments showing that moral and social values can legitimately play a role in scientists’ decision to accept something as scientific knowledge. In the case of scientific collaboration some moral and social values (...)
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  41. Children Apply Principles of Physical Ownership to Ideas.Alex Shaw, Vivian Li & Kristina R. Olson - 2012 - Cognitive Science 36 (8):1383-1403.
    Adults apply ownership not only to objects but also to ideas. But do people come to apply principles of ownership to ideas because of being taught about intellectual property and copyrights? Here, we investigate whether children apply rules from physical property ownership to ideas. Studies 1a and 1b show that children (6–8 years old) determine ownership of both objects and ideas based on who first establishes possession of the object or idea. Study 2 shows that children use another principle of (...)
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  42. The Bias Paradox in Feminist Standpoint Epistemology.Kristina Rolin - 2006 - Episteme 3 (1-2):125-136.
    Sandra Harding's feminist standpoint epistemology makes two claims. The thesis of epistemic privilege claims that unprivileged social positions are likely to generate perspectives that are “less partial and less distorted” than perspectives generated by other social positions. The situated knowledge thesis claims that all scientific knowledge is socially situated. The bias paradox is the tension between these two claims. Whereas the thesis of epistemic privilege relies on the assumption that a standard of impartiality enables one to judge some perspectives as (...)
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  43.  12
    Children Develop a Veil of Fairness.Alex Shaw, Natalia Montinari, Marco Piovesan, Kristina R. Olson, Francesca Gino & Michael I. Norton - 2014 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 143 (1):363-375.
  44.  58
    Perception, Nonconceptual Content, and Immunity to Error Through Misidentification.Kristina Musholt & Arnon Cahen - 2017 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 60 (7):703-723.
    The aim of this paper is twofold. First, we clarify the notion of immunity to error through misidentification with respect to the first-person pronoun. In particular, we set out to dispel the view that for a judgment to be IEM it must contain a token of a certain class of predicates. Rather, the importance of the IEM status of certain judgments is that it teaches us about privileged ways of coming to know about ourselves. We then turn to examine how (...)
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  45.  84
    Group Justification in Science.Kristina Rolin - 2010 - Episteme 7 (3):215-231.
    An analysis of group justification enables us to understand what it means to say that a research group is justified in making a claim on the basis of evidence. I defend Frederick Schmitt's (1994) joint account of group justification by arguing against a simple summative account of group justification. Also, I respond to two objections to the joint account, one claiming that social epistemologists should always prefer the epistemic value of making true judgments to the epistemic value of maintaining consistency, (...)
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  46.  7
    Probabilistic Learning of Emotion Categories.Rista C. Plate, Adrienne Wood, Kristina Woodard & Seth D. Pollak - forthcoming - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General.
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  47.  51
    Values, Standpoints, and Scientific/Intellectual Movements.Kristina Rolin - 2016 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 56:11-19.
  48. Procedural Justice and Affirmative Action.Kristina Meshelski - 2016 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 19 (2):425-443.
    There is widespread agreement among both supporters and opponents that affirmative action either must not violate any principle of equal opportunity or procedural justice, or if it does, it may do so only given current extenuating circumstances. Many believe that affirmative action is morally problematic, only justified to the extent that it brings us closer to the time when we will no longer need it. In other words, those that support affirmative action believe it is acceptable in nonideal theory, but (...)
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  49.  25
    Evidence for Single-Type Semantics—An Alternative To E/T-Based Dual-Type Semantics.Kristina Liefke & Markus Werning - forthcoming - Journal of Semantics.
    Partee (2009) conjectures a formal semantics for natural language (hereafter, single-type semantics) that interprets CPs and referential DPs in the same semantic type: properties of situations. Partee’s semantics contrasts with Montague semantics and its recent contenders (dubbed dual- or multi-type semantics) which assume distinct basic types for the semantic values of referential DPs (i.e. individuals) and CPs (i.e. propositions, truth-values, or sets of assignment functions). Partee’s conjecture is motivated by results in event semantics and discourse representation theory, which support the (...)
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  50.  45
    The Personal and the Subpersonal in the Theory of Mind Debate.Kristina Musholt - 2018 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 17 (2):305-324.
    It is a widely accepted assumption within the philosophy of mind and psychology that our ability for complex social interaction is based on the mastery of a common folk psychology, that is to say that social cognition consists in reasoning about the mental states of others in order to predict and explain their behavior. This, in turn, requires the possession of mental-state concepts, such as the concepts belief and desire. In recent years, this standard conception of social cognition has been (...)
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