Results for 'Kristina Sojakova'

245 found
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  1. Towards an Atlas of Formal Logics.Michael Kohlhase & Kristina Sojakova - unknown
    LF has been designed as a meta-logical framework to represent logics, and has become a standard tool for studying properties of logics. Building on the newly introduced module system for LF, we present the nucleus of an integrated and structured development of the syntax, semantics, and proof theory of logics, and of the relations between those logics. The methodology is chosen so that it will scale to an atlas for the zoo of logics currently used in reasoning systems, and the (...)
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  2.  22
    Twenty Years of Human Research Ethics Committees in the Baltic States.Vilius Dranseika, Eugenijus Gefenas, Asta Cekanauskaite, H. U. G. Kristina, Signe Mezinska, Eimantas Peicius, Vents Silis, Andres Soosaar & Martin Strosberg - 2011 - Developing World Bioethics 11 (1):48-54.
    Two decades have passed since the first attempts were made to establish systematic ethical review of human research in the Baltic States. Legally and institutionally much has changed. In this paper we provide an historical and structural overview of ethical review of human research and identify some problems related to the role of ethical review in establishing quality research environment in these countries. Problems connected to (a) public availability of information, (b) management of conflicts of interest, (c) REC composition and (...)
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  3.  2
    Determination of the Prevalence of Depression Among the Elderly Using the Geriatric Depression Scale.Valentin Mary Grace, Aguirre Karla Mae, Ante Kristina, Calderon Carlos Miguel, Cunanan Andrea Tracy, Lim Hannah Lorraine, Malasan Funny Jovis, Manlutac Katrina Chelsea, Novilla Danielle Ann, Oliveros Marianne, Wee Edwin Monico & Quilala Peter - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  4. Manipulating Item Proportion and Deception Reveals Crucial Dissociation Between Behavioral, Autonomic and Neural Indices of Concealed Information.Suchotzki Kristina, Verschuere Bruno, Peth Judith, Crombez Geert & Gamer Matthias - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  5. Applied Existentialism: On Kristina Arp's The Bonds of Freedom: Simone de Beauvoir's Existentialist Ethics. [REVIEW]Cynthia Gayman - 2003 - Journal of Speculative Philosophy 17 (4):287 - 292.
  6.  11
    Kristina A. Vogt, Toral Patel-Weynand, Maura Shelton, Daniel J. Vogt, John C. Gordon, Calvin T. Mukumoto, Asep S. Suntana and Patricia A. Roads: Sustainability Unpacked: Food, Energy and Water for Resilient Environments and Societies. [REVIEW]Orla Shortall - 2013 - Agriculture and Human Values 30 (3):487-488.
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  7.  10
    C. Kristina Gunsalus.Human Subject Protections - 2005 - In Arthur W. Galston & Christiana Z. Peppard (eds.), Expanding Horizons in Bioethics. Springer.
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  8.  4
    Alexander Koller, Ralph Debusmann, Malte Gabsdil, and Kristina Striegnitz/Put My Galakmid Coin Into the Dispenser and Kick It: Computational Linguistics and Theorem Proving in a Computer Game 187–206.Gerhard Jager & Structural Rules Residuation - 2004 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 13:537-539.
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  9.  1
    Catarina Kinnvall and Kristina Jonsson (Eds), Globalization and Democratization in Asia: The Construction of Identity, London: Routledge, 2002, 276 Pp, ISBN 0-415-277730-2. [REVIEW]Baogang He - 2004 - Japanese Journal of Political Science 5 (1):218-220.
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  10.  23
    Thinking About Oneself.Kristina Musholt - 2015 - MIT Press.
    In this book, Kristina Musholt offers a novel theory of self-consciousness, understood as the ability to think about oneself. Traditionally, self-consciousness has been central to many philosophical theories. More recently, it has become the focus of empirical investigation in psychology and neuroscience. Musholt draws both on philosophical considerations and on insights from the empirical sciences to offer a new account of self-consciousness—the ability to think about ourselves that is at the core of what makes us human. -/- Examining theories (...)
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  11. Infinite Modes.Kristina Meshelski - 2015 - In Andre Santos Campos (ed.), Spinoza: Basic Concepts. Imprint Academic. pp. 43-54.
    In this chapter I explain Spinoza's concept of "infinite modes". After some brief background on Spinoza's thoughts on infinity, I provide reasons to think that Immediate Infinite Modes are identical to the attributes, and that Mediate Infinite Modes are merely totalities of finite modes. I conclude with some considerations against the alternative view that infinite modes are laws of nature.
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  12.  47
    Foundations of Cooperation in Young Children.Kristina R. Olson & Elizabeth S. Spelke - 2008 - Cognition 108 (1):222-231.
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  13.  56
    Values in Science: The Case of Scientific Collaboration.Kristina Rolin - 2015 - Philosophy of Science 82 (2):157-177.
    Much of the literature on values in science is limited in its perspective because it focuses on the role of values in individual scientists’ decision making, thereby ignoring the context of scientific collaboration. I examine the epistemic structure of scientific collaboration and argue that it gives rise to two arguments showing that moral and social values can legitimately play a role in scientists’ decision to accept something as scientific knowledge. In the case of scientific collaboration some moral and social values (...)
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  14.  54
    Group Justification in Science.Kristina Rolin - 2010 - Episteme 7 (3):215-231.
    An analysis of group justification enables us to understand what it means to say that a research group is justified in making a claim on the basis of evidence. I defend Frederick Schmitt's (1994) joint account of group justification by arguing against a simple summative account of group justification. Also, I respond to two objections to the joint account, one claiming that social epistemologists should always prefer the epistemic value of making true judgments to the epistemic value of maintaining consistency, (...)
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  15.  70
    Children Apply Principles of Physical Ownership to Ideas.Alex Shaw, Vivian Li & Kristina R. Olson - 2012 - Cognitive Science 36 (8):1383-1403.
    Adults apply ownership not only to objects but also to ideas. But do people come to apply principles of ownership to ideas because of being taught about intellectual property and copyrights? Here, we investigate whether children apply rules from physical property ownership to ideas. Studies 1a and 1b show that children (6–8 years old) determine ownership of both objects and ideas based on who first establishes possession of the object or idea. Study 2 shows that children use another principle of (...)
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  16. The Bias Paradox in Feminist Standpoint Epistemology.Kristina Rolin - 2006 - Episteme 3 (1-2):125-136.
    Sandra Harding's feminist standpoint epistemology makes two claims. The thesis of epistemic privilege claims that unprivileged social positions are likely to generate perspectives that are “less partial and less distorted” than perspectives generated by other social positions. The situated knowledge thesis claims that all scientific knowledge is socially situated. The bias paradox is the tension between these two claims. Whereas the thesis of epistemic privilege relies on the assumption that a standard of impartiality enables one to judge some perspectives as (...)
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  17. 13 Short Pieces, but Not the Whole [T]Ruth.Kristina L. Lemieux - 2006 - Hypatia 21 (1):74-79.
    : This essay is a collection of my experiences of and reflections on being pregnant and choosing to place the child for open adoption. The piece was started late in the term of my pregnancy and completed about a week before the birth.
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  18.  58
    Ideas Versus Labor: What Do Children Value in Artistic Creation?Vivian Li, Alex Shaw & Kristina R. Olson - 2013 - Cognition 127 (1):38-45.
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  19.  46
    Imitation Is the Sincerest Form of Cheating: The Influence of Direct Knowledge and Attitudes on Academic Dishonesty.David A. Rettinger, Kristina Ryan, Kristopher Fulks, Anna Deaton, Jeffrey Barnes & Jillian O'Rourke - 2010 - Ethics and Behavior 20 (1):47-64.
    What effect does witnessing other students cheat have on one's own cheating behavior? What roles do moral attitudes and neutralizing attitudes (justifications for behavior) play when deciding to cheat? The present research proposes a model of academic dishonesty which takes into account each of these variables. Findings from experimental (vignette) and survey methods determined that seeing others cheat increases cheating behavior by causing students to judge the behavior less morally reprehensible, not by making rationalization easier. Witnessing cheating also has unique (...)
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  20.  24
    Children Discard a Resource to Avoid Inequity.Alex Shaw & Kristina R. Olson - 2012 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 141 (2):382-395.
  21.  64
    Gender and Trust in Science.Kristina Rolin - 2002 - Hypatia 17 (4):95-118.
    : It is now recognized that relations of trust play an epistemic role in science. The contested issue is under what conditions trust in scientific testimony is warranted. I argue that John Hardwig's view of trustworthy scientific testimony is inadequate because it does not take into account the possibility that credibility does not reliably reflect trustworthiness, and because it does not appreciate the role communities have in guaranteeing the trustworthiness of scientific testimony.
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  22. Societal Impacts of Storm Damage.Kristina Blennow & Erik Persson - 2013 - In Barry Gardiner, Andreas Schuck, Mart-Jan Schelhaas, Christophe Orazio, Kristina Blennow & Bruce Nicoll (eds.), Living with Storm Damage to Forests. European Forest Institute. pp. 70-78.
    Wind damage to forests can be divided into (1) the direct damage done to the forest and(2) indirect effects. Indirect effects may be of different kinds and may affect the environ- ment as well as society. For example, falling trees can lead to power and telecommunica- tion failures or blocking of roads. The salvage harvest of fallen trees is another example and one that involves extremely dangerous work. In this overview we provide examples of different entities, services, and activities that (...)
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  23.  3
    Qualitative Change in Executive Control During Childhood and Adulthood.Nicolas Chevalier, Kristina L. Huber, Sandra A. Wiebe & Kimberly Andrews Espy - 2013 - Cognition 128 (1):1-12.
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  24.  30
    Values, Standpoints, and Scientific/Intellectual Movements.Kristina Rolin - 2016 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 56:11-19.
  25. Self-Consciousness and Intersubjectivity.Kristina Musholt - 2012 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 84 (1):63-89.
    This paper distinguishes between implicit self-related information and explicit self-representation and argues that the latter is required for self-consciousness. It is further argued that self-consciousness requires an awareness of other minds and that this awareness develops over the course of an increasingly complex perspectival differentiation, during which information about self and other that is implicit in early forms of social interaction becomes redescribed into an explicit format.
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  26.  1
    Children Develop a Veil of Fairness.Alex Shaw, Natalia Montinari, Marco Piovesan, Kristina R. Olson, Francesca Gino & Michael I. Norton - 2014 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 143 (1):363-375.
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  27. Procedural Justice and Affirmative Action.Kristina Meshelski - 2016 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 19 (2):425-443.
    There is widespread agreement among both supporters and opponents that affirmative action either must not violate any principle of equal opportunity or procedural justice, or if it does, it may do so only given current extenuating circumstances. Many believe that affirmative action is morally problematic, only justified to the extent that it brings us closer to the time when we will no longer need it. In other words, those that support affirmative action believe it is acceptable in nonideal theory, but (...)
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  28.  6
    Induced Power Changes the Sense of Agency.Sukhvinder S. Obhi, Kristina M. Swiderski & Sonja P. Brubacher - 2012 - Consciousness and Cognition 21 (3):1547-1550.
    Power differentials are a ubiquitous feature of social interactions and power has been conceptualised as an interpersonal construct. Here we show that priming power changes the sense of agency, indexed by intentional binding. Specifically, participants wrote about episodes in which they had power over others, or in which others had power over them. After priming, participants completed an interval estimation task in which they judged the interval between a voluntary action and a visual effect. After low-power priming, participants judged intervals (...)
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  29. When Medical Cure Is Not an Unmitigated Good.Kristina Orfali & Lisa Anderson-Shaw - 2005 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 48 (2):282-292.
  30.  27
    The Greening of the “Barrios”: Urban Agriculture for Food Security in Cuba. [REVIEW]Miguel A. Altieri, Nelso Companioni, Kristina Cañizares, Catherine Murphy, Peter Rosset, Martin Bourque & Clara I. Nicholls - 1999 - Agriculture and Human Values 16 (2):131-140.
    Urban agriculture in Cuba has rapidly become a significant source of fresh produce for the urban and suburban populations. A large number of urban gardens in Havana and other major cities have emerged as a grassroots movement in response to the crisis brought about by the loss of trade, with the collapse of the socialist bloc in 1989. These gardens are helping to stabilize the supply of fresh produce to Cuba's urban centers. During 1996, Havana's urban farms provided the city's (...)
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  31. Two Kinds of Definition in Spinoza's Ethics.Kristina Meshelski - 2011 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 19 (2):201-218.
    Spinoza scholars have claimed that we are faced with a dilemma: either Spinoza's definitions in his Ethics are real, in spite of indications to the contrary, or the definitions are nominal and the propositions derived from them are false. I argue that Spinoza did not recognize the distinction between real and nominal definitions. Rather, Spinoza classified definitions according to whether they require a priori or a posteriori justification, which is a classification distinct from either the real/nominal or the intensional/extensional classification. (...)
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  32.  94
    Understanding Risk in Forest Ecosystem Services: Implications for Effective Risk Management, Communication and Planning.Kristina Blennow, Johannes Persson, Annika Wallin, Niklas Vareman & Erik Persson - 2014 - Forestry 87:219-228.
    Uncertainty, insufficient information or information of poor quality, limited cognitive capacity and time, along with value conflicts and ethical considerations, are all aspects thatmake risk managementand riskcommunication difficult. This paper provides a review of different risk concepts and describes how these influence risk management, communication and planning in relation to forest ecosystem services. Based on the review and results of empirical studies, we suggest that personal assessment of risk is decisive in the management of forest ecosystem services. The results are (...)
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  33.  4
    Scientific Community: A Moral Dimension.Kristina Rolin - 2017 - Social Epistemology 31 (5):468-483.
    I argue that in epistemically well-designed scientific communities, scientists are united by mutual epistemic responsibilities, and epistemic responsibilities are understood not merely as epistemic but also as moral duties. Epistemic responsibilities can be understood as moral duties because they contribute to the well-being of other human beings by showing respect for them, especially in their capacity as knowers. A moral account of epistemically responsible behaviour is needed to supplement accounts that appeal to scientists’ self-interests or personal epistemic goals. This is (...)
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  34.  1
    All Inequality is Not Equal: Children Correct Inequalities Using Resource Value.Alex Shaw & Kristina R. Olson - 2013 - Frontiers in Psychology 4.
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  35. Self-Consciousness and Nonconceptual Content.Kristina Musholt - 2013 - Philosophical Studies 163 (3):649-672.
    Self-consciousness can be defined as the ability to think 'I'-thoughts. Recently, it has been suggested that self-consciousness in this sense can (and should) be accounted for in terms of nonconceptual forms of self-representation. Here, I will argue that while theories of nonconceptual self-consciousness do provide us with important insights regarding the essential genetic and epistemic features of self-conscious thought, they can only deliver part of the full story that is required to understand the phenomenon of self-consciousness. I will provide two (...)
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  36. Compulsory Licensing in Canada and Thailand: Comparing Regimes to Ensure Legitimate Use of the WTO Rules.Kristina M. Lybecker & Elisabeth Fowler - 2009 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 37 (2):222-239.
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  37. Montague Reduction, Confirmation, and the Syntax-Semantics Relation.Stephan Hartmann & Kristina Liefke - manuscript
    Intertheoretic relations are an important topic in the philosophy of science. However, since their classical discussion by Ernest Nagel, such relations have mostly been restricted to relations between pairs of theories in the natural sciences. In this paper, we present a model of a new type of intertheoretic relation, called 'Montague Reduction', which is assumed in Montague's framework for the analysis and interpretation of natural language syntax. To motivate the adoption of our new model, we show that this model extends (...)
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  38. Categories and the Ontology of Powers: A Vindication of the Identity Theory of Properties.Kristina Engelhard - 2010 - In Anna Marmodoro (ed.), The Metaphysics of Powers: Their Grounding and Their Manifestations. Routledge.
     
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  39.  22
    A Feminist Approach to Values in Science.Kristina Rolin - 2012 - Perspectives on Science 20 (3):320-330.
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  40.  21
    Standpoint Theory as a Methodology for the Study of Power Relations.Kristina Rolin - 2009 - Hypatia 24 (4):218 - 226.
  41.  20
    The Nature of Visual Self-Recognition Revisited.Gordon G. Gallup, Steven M. Platek & Kristina N. Spaulding - 2014 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 18 (2):57-58.
  42.  12
    Twenty Years of Human Research Ethics Committees in the Baltic States.Vilius Dranseika, Eugenijus Gefenas, Asta Cekanauskaite, Kristina Hug, Signe Mezinska, Eimantas Peicius, Vents Silis, Andres Soosaar & Martin Strosberg - 2011 - Developing World Bioethics 11 (1):48-54.
    Two decades have passed since the first attempts were made to establish systematic ethical review of human research in the Baltic States. Legally and institutionally much has changed. In this paper we provide an historical and structural overview of ethical review of human research and identify some problems related to the role of ethical review in establishing quality research environment in these countries. Problems connected to (a) public availability of information, (b) management of conflicts of interest, (c) REC composition and (...)
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  43.  82
    Concepts or Metacognition - What is the Issue? Commentary on Stephane Savanah’s “The Concept Possession Hypothesis of Self-Consciousness”.Kristina Musholt - 2012 - Consciousness and Cognition 21 (2):721-722.
    The author claims that concept possession is not only necessary but also sufficient for self-consciousness, where self-consciousness is understood as the awareness of oneself as a self. Further, he links concept possession to intelligent behavior. His ultimate aim is to provide a framework for the study of self-consciousness in infants and non-human animals. I argue that the claim that all concepts are necessarily related to the self-concept remains unconvincing and suggest that what might be at issue here are not so (...)
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  44.  20
    The Nature of Visual Self-Recognition Revisited.Gordon G. Gallup Jr, Steven M. Platek & Kristina L. Spaulding - forthcoming - Trends in Cognitive Sciences.
  45. Judgments of the Lucky Across Development and Culture.Kristina R. Olson & Elizabeth S. Spelke - unknown
    For millennia, human beings have believed that it is morally wrong to judge others by the fortuitous or unfortunate events that befall them or by the actions of another person. Rather, an individual’s own intended, deliberate actions should be the basis of his or her evaluation, reward, and punishment. In a series of studies, the authors investigated whether such rules guide the judgments of children. The first 3 studies demonstrated that children view lucky others as more likely than unlucky others (...)
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  46. Olfactory LOVER: Behavioral and Neural Correlates of Autobiographical Odor Memory.Maria Larsson, Johan Willander, Kristina Karlsson & Artin Arshamian - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  47.  27
    Can Gender Ideologies Influence the Practice of the Physical Sciences?Kristina Rolin - 1999 - Perspectives on Science 7 (4):510-533.
    : As a response to the critics of feminist science studies I argue that it is possible to formulate empirical hypotheses about gender ideology in the practice of the physical sciences without (1) reinforcing stereotypes about women and mathematical sciences or (2) assuming at the outset that the area of physics under investigation is methodologically suspect. I will then critically evaluate two case studies of gender ideology in the practice of the physical sciences. The case studies fail to show that (...)
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  48.  13
    Confronting Coexistence in the United States: Organic Agriculture, Genetic Engineering, and the Case of Roundup Ready® Alfalfa. [REVIEW]Kristina Hubbard & Neva Hassanein - 2013 - Agriculture and Human Values 30 (3):325-335.
    In agriculture, the principle of coexistence refers to a condition where different primary production systems can exist in the vicinity of each other, and can be managed in such a way that they affect each other as little as possible. Coexistence policies aim to ensure that farmers are able to freely grow the crops they choose—be they genetically engineered (GE), non-GE conventional, or organic. In the United States (US), the issue of coexistence has very recently come into sharp relief with (...)
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  49. Is 'Science as Social' a Feminist Insight?Kristina Rolin - 2002 - Social Epistemology 16 (3):233 – 249.
  50.  16
    Compulsory Licensing in Canada and Thailand: Comparing Regimes to Ensure Legitimate Use of the WTO Rules.Kristina M. Lybecker & Elisabeth Fowler - 2009 - Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 37 (2):222-239.
    This paper examines two recent examples of compulsory licensing legislation: one globally embraced regime and one internationally controversial regime operating under the same WTO rules. In particular, we consider Canadian legislation and the use of compulsory licensing for HIV/AIDS drugs destined for a developing country. This is then contrasted with the conditions under which Thai authorities are pursuing compulsory licenses, the outcomes of their compulsory licenses, as well as the likely impact of the Thai policy. Finally, we construct a rubric (...)
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