Results for 'Kuniko Adachi'

25 found
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  1.  44
    The needs of the many do not outweigh the needs of the few: The limits of individual sacrifice across diverse cultures.Mark Sheskin, Coralie Chevallier, Kuniko Adachi, Renatas Berniūnas, Thomas Castelain, Martin Hulín, Hillary Lenfesty, Denis Regnier, Anikó Sebestény & Nicolas Baumard - 2018 - Journal of Cognition and Culture 18 (1-2):205-223.
    A long tradition of research in WEIRD (Western, Educated, Industrialized, Rich, Democratic) countries has investigated how people weigh individual welfare versus group welfare in their moral judgments. Relatively less research has investigated the generalizability of results across non-WEIRD populations. In the current study, we ask participants across nine diverse cultures (Bali, Costa Rica, France, Guatemala, Japan, Madagascar, Mongolia, Serbia, and the USA) to make a series of moral judgments regarding both third-party sacrifice for group welfare and first-person sacrifice for group (...)
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  2.  5
    Is the Use of Averaging in Advice Taking Modulated by Culture?Hugo Mercier, Yayoi Kawasaki, Hiroshi Yama, Kuniko Adachi & Jean-Baptiste Van der Henst - 2012 - Journal of Cognition and Culture 12 (1-2):1-16.
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  3. Political economy of reform: the characteristics of Japanese institutions.Kuniko Inoguchi - 2001 - In David M. Estlund (ed.), Democracy. Blackwell.
     
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  4.  12
    音声制御ブラウザ VCWeb の英日シームレス化.Shinohara Akio Saito Kuniko - 2002 - Transactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 17:343-347.
    We propose a novel algorithm to transliterate English to Japanese and its application to a voice controlled browser, which enable ordinary Japanese people to browse English Web site by voice. Speech recognition software designed for native English speakers do not work for most Japanese because Japanese can't pronounce English as native English speakers do. Therefore, we combined Japanese speech recognition software with English-to-Japanese transliteration software. The accuracy of our transliteration algorithm is 80% recall for the top candidate, and 92% recall (...)
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  5.  38
    Defining futile life-prolonging treatments through Neo-Socratic Dialogue.Kuniko Aizawa, Atsushi Asai & Seiji Bito - 2013 - BMC Medical Ethics 14 (1):51.
    In Japan, people are negative towards life-prolonging treatments. Laws that regulate withholding or discontinuing life-prolonging treatments and advance directives do not exist. Physicians, however, view discontinuing life-prolonging treatments negatively due to fears of police investigations. Although ministerial guidelines were announced regarding the decision process for end-of-life care in 2007, a consensus could not be reached on the definition of end-of-life and conditions for withholding treatment. We established a forum for extended discussions and consensus building on this topic.
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  6.  28
    Globalization, Culture and Society: What Role Does Language Play? An Example from English Education in Japan.Kuniko Miyanaga - 2012 - Dialogue and Universalism 22 (4):7-16.
    The presentation is focused on the idea that culture promotes a hierarchy of values and language as its major part imposes a certain style of reasoning. For this reason, learning English is confrontational to the Japanese and even causes a kind of culture shock. Still, they need to learn English to maintain a leading position in the global economic community. What is most confrontational about English for the Japanese is its analytical reasoning. Firstly, English has two levels of articulation, concrete (...)
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  7.  25
    Globalization, culture and society: What role does language play? An example from English education in japan.Kuniko Miyanaga - 2012 - Dialogue and Universalism 22 (4):7-16.
    The presentation is focused on the idea that culture promotes a hierarchy of values and language as its major part imposes a certain style of reasoning. For this reason, learning English is confrontational to the Japanese and even causes a kind of culture shock. Still, they need to learn English to maintain a leading position in the global economic community. What is most confrontational about English for the Japanese is its analytical reasoning. Firstly, English has two levels of articulation, concrete (...)
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  8.  13
    The Avoidance of Otherness: The Constitution of Japanese "Particularism" as it Affects the Development of Technology in Modern Japan.Kuniko Miyanaga - 1987 - Dialectics and Humanism 14 (3):65-69.
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  9. Language, Culture, and Society: An Introduction to Linguistic Anthropology,.James Stanlaw, Nobuko Adachi & Zdenek Salzmann - 2017
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  10. The influence of modality on input, visuo-motor coordination, and execution in the advanced pianist's sight-reading processes.Jing Qi & Mayumi Adachi - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    In this study, we explored how the modality would affect the input, visuo-motor coordination, and execution in the advanced pianist's sight-reading processes, as well as relations among these three phases. Thirty-two advanced pianists with 5–54 years of piano training participated in the study. All participants sight-read three two-voice pieces in either major or minor mode while their eye movements were measured by an eye-tracking device. All pieces were 20-measure long written in 4/4 m, adapted from unfamiliar Baroque pieces. Results showed (...)
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  11.  9
    Relaxation‐expansion model for self‐driven retinal morphogenesis.Mototsugu Eiraku, Taiji Adachi & Yoshiki Sasai - 2012 - Bioessays 34 (1):17-25.
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  12.  5
    Phase transitions of YbX with a NaCl-type structure at high pressures.J. Hayashi, I. Shirotani †, T. Adachi, O. Shimomura & T. Kikegawa - 2004 - Philosophical Magazine 84 (34):3663-3670.
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  13.  20
    Genetic Algorithms による航空スケジュール.Adachi Nobue Sato Makihiko - 2001 - Transactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 16:493-500.
    Schedule planning is one of the most crucial issues for any airline company, because the profit of the company directly depends on the efficiency of the schedule. This paper presents a novel scheduling method which solves problems related to time scheduling, fleet assignment and maintenance routing simultaneously by Genetic Algorithms. Every schedule constraint is embeded in the fitness function, which is described as an object oriented model and works as a simulater developing itself over time, and whose solution is executable (...)
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  14.  5
    Die Radbruchsche Formel: Eine Untersuchung der Rechtsphilosophie Gustav Radbruchs.Hidehiko Adachi - 2005 - Baden-Baden: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft.
    Gustav Radbruch, ein bekannter Rechtsphilosoph des Wertrelativismus, kam erst nach 1945 zu der Behauptung: Sowohl unerträglich ungerechte Gesetze als auch das Gleichheitsprinzip verleugnende Gesetze können keine Verbindlichkeit in Anspruch nehmen. Es ist nach wie vor umstritten, ob diese Behauptung, die später als die Radbruchsche Formel bezeichnet wurde, mit seiner wertrelativistischen Theorie vor 1945 kompatibel ist. -/- Viele Autoren verneinen diese Frage und vertreten die Umbruchthese. Einige Autoren stellen die Entwicklungsthese auf, die als eine Abschwächung der Umbruchthese verstanden werden kann. Dagegen (...)
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  15. Hōtoku undō to kindai chiiki shakai.Yōichirō Adachi - 2014 - Tōkyō-to Bunkyō-ku: Ochanomizu Shobō.
     
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  16. Resisting the ban on cluster munitions.Kenki Adachi - 2017 - In Alan Bloomfield & Shirley V. Scott (eds.), Norm antipreneurs and the politics of resistance to global normative change. Routledge.
     
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  17.  23
    Cross-modal representations in primates and dogs: A new framework of recognition of social objects.Ikuma Adachi - 2009 - Interaction Studies 10 (2):225-251.
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  18.  24
    Cross-modal representations in primates and dogs A new framework of recognition of social objects.Ikuma Adachi - 2009 - Interaction Studies 10 (2):225-251.
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  19.  1
    Cross-modal representations in primates and dogs.Ikuma Adachi - 2009 - Interaction Studies. Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies / Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies 10 (2):225-251.
    The importance of learning and categorizing social objects and events has become widely acknowledged over a couple of decades. Although findings from field studies have suggested that non-human animals have sophisticated abilities to recognize social objects, there is relatively little experimental evidence on this issue. Some studies have revealed animals’ excellent skills for discriminating visual and auditory social stimuli. However, because of perceptual resemblances among stimuli, it is still not clear that they recognize these objects with conceptual mechanisms that are (...)
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  20. Arguments against promoting organ transplants from brain-dead donors, and views of contemporary japanese on life and death.Atsushi Asai, Yasuhiro Kadooka & Kuniko Aizawa - 2012 - Bioethics 26 (4):215-223.
    As of 2009, the number of donors in Japan is the lowest among developed countries. On July 13, 2009, Japan's Organ Transplant Law was revised for the first time in 12 years. The revised and old laws differ greatly on four primary points: the definition of death, age requirements for donors, requirements for brain- death determination and organ extraction, and the appropriateness of priority transplants for relatives.In the four months of deliberations in the National Diet before the new law was (...)
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  21.  6
    Plastic deformation of polycrystals of Co3 with the L12structure.Norihiko L. Okamoto, Takashi Oohashi, Hiroki Adachi, Kyosuke Kishida, Haruyuki Inui & Patrick Veyssière - 2011 - Philosophical Magazine 91 (28):3667-3684.
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  22.  1
    Sex Differences in Social Cognition and Association of Social Cognition and Neurocognition in Early Course Schizophrenia.Ryotaro Kubota, Ryo Okubo, Satoru Ikezawa, Makoto Matsui, Leona Adachi, Ayumu Wada, Chinatsu Fujimaki, Yuji Yamada, Koji Saeki, Chika Sumiyoshi, Akiko Kikuchi, Yoshie Omachi, Kazuyoshi Takeda, Ryota Hashimoto, Tomiki Sumiyoshi & Naoki Yoshimura - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    BackgroundBoth impairment and sex differences in social cognition and neurocognition have been documented in schizophrenia. However, whether sex differences exist in the association between social cognition and neurocognition are not known. We aimed to investigate the contribution of areas of neurocognition to theory of mind and hostility bias, representing social cognition, according to sex in early course schizophrenia.MethodsIn this cross-sectional study, we assessed neurocognition using the Japanese version of the Brief Assessment of Cognition in Schizophrenia and assessed the ToM and (...)
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  23.  8
    Association Between Serum Lipid Levels, Resilience, and Self-Esteem in Japanese Adolescents: Results From A-CHILD Study.Satomi Doi, Aya Isumi & Takeo Fujiwara - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    Previous studies have found that serum lipid levels independently associate with mental health problems in adulthood. However, little is known about the association between serum lipid levels and positive aspects of mental health such as resilience and self-esteem, which develop in adolescence. The aim of this study is to examine the association between serum lipid levels and resilience and self-esteem in Japanese adolescents. Data were pooled data from the Adachi Child Health Impact of Living Difficulty study in 2016 and (...)
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  24. Introducing 'disruption' to acute religious experiences - An Interdisciplinary approach to a multidisciplinary problem.Richard Saville-Smith - 2017 - Journal of the British Association for the Study of Religions 18:25-45.
    Psychiatry and Religious Studies have common interests in extreme and extraordinary states when articulated in the languages of religions. For Religious Studies the problems with the category of religious experience are philosophical and profound; whilst the resurgence of interest in religion by psychiatrists (three meta-analyses in the past five years) has not repaired the damaging legacy of reductionist interpretations. In this paper I adopt an interdisciplinary approach to the religious experience discourse. From psychiatry I apply the new idea of Disruption, (...)
     
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  25.  15
    Pathway of the Association Between Child Poverty and Low Self-Esteem: Results From a Population-Based Study of Adolescents in Japan.Satomi Doi, Takeo Fujiwara, Aya Isumi & Manami Ochi - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
    Child poverty leads to various negative consequences, including low self-esteem, which is a risk factor for mental illness, suicide, or poor academic achievement. However, little is known about why child poverty leads to low self-esteem. We aimed to elucidate the association of child poverty and low self-esteem based on the ecological model, which includes family-level, school-level, and community-level factors. Data were obtained from the Adachi Child Health Impact of Living Difficulty (A-CHILD) study in 2016, and participants included 1,652 children (...)
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