Order:
  1.  74
    Mind Perception is the Essence of Morality.Kurt Gray, Liane Young & Adam Waytz - 2012 - Psychological Inquiry 23 (2):101-124.
    Mind perception entails ascribing mental capacities to other entities, whereas moral judgment entails labeling entities as good or bad or actions as right or wrong. We suggest that mind perception is the essence of moral judgment. In particular, we suggest that moral judgment is rooted in a cognitive template of two perceived minds—a moral dyad of an intentional agent and a suffering moral patient. Diverse lines of research support dyadic morality. First, perceptions of mind are linked to moral judgments: dimensions (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   66 citations  
  2.  83
    Dimensions of Mind Perception.Heather Gray, Kurt Gray & Daniel Wegner - 2007 - Science 315 (5812):619.
    Participants compared the mental capacities of various human and nonhuman characters via online surveys. Factor analysis revealed two dimensions of mind perception, Experience and Agency. The dimensions predicted different moral judgments but were both related to valuing of mind.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   84 citations  
  3.  82
    Feeling Robots and Human Zombies: Mind Perception and the Uncanny Valley.Kurt Gray & Daniel M. Wegner - 2012 - Cognition 125 (1):125-130.
    The uncanny valley—the unnerving nature of humanlike robots—is an intriguing idea, but both its existence and its underlying cause are debated. We propose that humanlike robots are not only unnerving, but are so because their appearance prompts attributions of mind. In particular, we suggest that machines become unnerving when people ascribe to them experience, rather than agency. Experiment 1 examined whether a machine’s humanlike appearance prompts both ascriptions of experience and feelings of unease. Experiment 2 tested whether a machine capable (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   26 citations  
  4.  9
    The Myth of Harmless Wrongs in Moral Cognition: Automatic Dyadic Completion From Sin to Suffering.Kurt Gray, Chelsea Schein & Adrian F. Ward - 2014 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 143 (4):1600-1615.
  5.  31
    More Dead Than Dead: Perceptions of Persons in the Persistent Vegetative State.Kurt Gray, T. Anne Knickman & Daniel M. Wegner - 2011 - Cognition 121 (2):275-280.
  6.  49
    More Than a Body: Mind Perception and the Nature of Objectification.Kurt Gray, Joshua Knobe, Mark Sheskin, Paul Bloom & Lisa Feldman Barrett - 2011 - Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 101 (6):1207-1220.
    According to models of objectification, viewing someone as a body induces de-mentalization, stripping away their psychological traits. Here evidence is presented for an alternative account, where a body focus does not diminish the attribution of all mental capacities but, instead, leads perceivers to infer a different kind of mind. Drawing on the distinction in mind perception between agency and experience, it is found that focusing on someone's body reduces perceptions of agency but increases perceptions of experience. These effects were found (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   15 citations  
  7.  88
    Two Minds Vs. Two Philosophies: Mind Perception Defines Morality and Dissolves the Debate Between Deontology and Utilitarianism. [REVIEW]Kurt Gray & Chelsea Schein - 2012 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 3 (3):405-423.
    Mind perception is the essence of moral judgment. Broadly, moral standing is linked to perceptions of mind, with moral responsibility tied to perceived agency, and moral rights tied to perceived experience. More specifically, moral judgments are based on a fundamental template of two perceived minds—an intentional agent and a suffering patient. This dyadic template grows out of the universal power of harm, and serves as a cognitive working model through which even atypical moral events are understood. Thus, all instances of (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  8.  15
    Holding Robots Responsible: The Elements of Machine Morality.Yochanan E. Bigman, Adam Waytz, Ron Alterovitz & Kurt Gray - 2019 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 23 (5):365-368.
  9. Simulating Murder: The Aversion to Harmful Action.Kurt Gray - unknown
    Diverse lines of evidence point to a basic human aversion to physically harming others. First, we demonstrate that unwillingness to endorse harm in a moral dilemma is predicted by individual differences in aversive reactivity, as indexed by peripheral vasoconstriction. Next, we tested the specific factors that elicit the aversive response to harm. Participants performed actions such as discharging a fake gun into the face of the experimenter, fully informed that the actions were pretend and harmless. These simulated harmful actions increased (...)
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   13 citations  
  10. Blaming God for Our Pain: Human Suffering and the Divine Mind.M. Wegner Daniel & Gray Kurt - unknown
    Believing in God requires not only a leap of faith but also an extension of people’s normal capacity to perceive the minds of others. Usually, people perceive minds of all kinds by trying to understand their conscious experience (what it is like to be them) and their agency (what they can do). Although humans are perceived to have both agency and experience, humans appear to see God as possessing agency, but not experience. God’s unique mind is due, the authors suggest, (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   13 citations  
  11.  69
    Dimensions of Moral Emotions.Kurt Gray & Daniel M. Wegner - 2011 - Emotion Review 3 (3):258-260.
    Anger, disgust, elevation, sympathy, relief. If the subjective experience of each of these emotions is the same whether elicited by moral or nonmoral events, then what makes moral emotions unique? We suggest that the configuration of moral emotions is special—a configuration given by the underlying structure of morality. Research suggests that people divide the moral world along the two dimensions of valence (help/harm) and moral type (agent/patient). The intersection of these two dimensions gives four moral exemplars—heroes, villains, victims and beneficiaries—each (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  12. The Sting of Intentional Pain.Daniel M. Wegner & Kurt Gray - unknown
    When someone steps on your toe on purpose, it seems to hurt more than when the person does the same thing unintentionally. The physical parameters of the harm may not differ—your toe is flattened in both cases—but the psychological experience of pain is changed nonetheless. Intentional harms are premeditated by another person and have the specific purpose of causing pain. In a sense, intended harms are events initiated by one mind to communicate meaning (malice) to another, and this could shape (...)
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  13.  5
    How People Perceive the Minds of the Dead: The Importance of Consciousness at the Moment of Death.Cameron M. Doyle & Kurt Gray - 2020 - Cognition 202:104308.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  14.  19
    Paying It Forward: Generalized Reciprocity and the Limits of Generosity.Kurt Gray, Adrian F. Ward & Michael I. Norton - 2014 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 143 (1):247-254.
  15.  13
    People Are Averse to Machines Making Moral Decisions.Yochanan E. Bigman & Kurt Gray - 2018 - Cognition 181:21-34.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  16.  11
    Harm Concerns Predict Moral Judgments of Suicide: Comment on Rottman, Kelemen and Young.Kurt Gray - 2014 - Cognition 133 (1):329-331.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  17. The Mind Club : Who Thinks, What Feels, and Why It Matters.Daniel M. Wegner & Kurt Gray - 2016
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  18.  7
    Constructing Contempt.Victoria L. Spring, C. Daryl Cameron, Kurt Gray & Kristen A. Lindquist - 2017 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 40.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  19. Torture and Judgments of Guilt.Daniel M. Wegner & Kurt Gray - unknown
    Although torture can establish guilt through confession, how are judgments of guilt made when tortured suspects do not confess? We suggest that perceived guilt is based inappropriately upon how much pain suspects appear to suffer during torture. Two psychological theories provide competing predictions about the link between pain and perceived blame: cognitive dissonance, which links pain to blame, and moral typecasting, which links pain to innocence. We hypothesized that dissonance might characterize the relationship between torture and blame for those close (...)
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  20.  2
    Praise-Many, Blame-Fewer: A Common Strategy for Attributing Responsibility in Groups.Chelsea Schein, Joshua Conrad Jackson, Teresa Frasca & Kurt Gray - forthcoming - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  21.  10
    Would I Really Make a Difference? Moral Typecasting Theory and its Implications for Helping Ethical Leaders.Kai Chi Yam, Ryan Fehr, Tyler C. Burch, Yajun Zhang & Kurt Gray - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 160 (3):675-692.
    Ethical leadership research has primarily relied on social learning and social exchange theories. Although these theories have been generative, additional theoretical perspectives hold the potential to broaden scholars’ understanding of ethical leadership’s effects. In this paper, we examine moral typecasting theory and its unique implications for followers’ leader-directed citizenship behavior. Across two studies employing both survey-based and experimental methods, we offer support for three key predictions consistent with this theory. First, the effect of ethical leadership on leader-directed citizenship behavior is (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  22.  9
    The Eyes Are the Window to the Uncanny Valley: Mind Perception, Autism and Missing Souls.Chelsea Schein & Kurt Gray - 2015 - Interaction Studies 16 (2):173-179.
    Horror movies have discovered an easy recipe for making people creepy: alter their eyes. Instead of normal eyes, zombies’ eyes are vacantly white, vampires’ eyes glow with the color of blood, and those possessed by demons are cavernously black. In the Academy Award winning Pan’s Labyrinth, director Guillermo del Toro created the creepiest of all creatures by entirely removing its eyes from its face, placing them instead in the palms of its hands. The unease induced by altering eyes may help (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  23.  8
    The Eyes Are the Window to the Uncanny Valley: Mind Perception, Autism and Missing Souls.Chelsea Schein & Kurt Gray - 2015 - Interaction Studiesinteraction Studies Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systems 16 (2):173-179.
    Horror movies have discovered an easy recipe for making people creepy: alter their eyes. Instead of normal eyes, zombies’ eyes are vacantly white, vampires’ eyes glow with the color of blood, and those possessed by demons are cavernously black. In the Academy Award winning Pan’s Labyrinth, director Guillermo del Toro created the creepiest of all creatures by entirely removing its eyes from its face, placing them instead in the palms of its hands. The unease induced by altering eyes may help (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  24. The Analysis of Meaning: Informatics 5, Proceedings ASLIB/BCS Conference.M. MacCafferty & Kurt Gray (eds.) - 1979 - Aslib.
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark