Results for 'Kyaw-Soe Htun'

48 found
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  1.  5
    Current Status of Research Ethics Capacity in Myanmar.Zaw-Zaw Oo, Yin-Thet-Nu Oo, Mo-Mo Than, Khine Zaw Oo, Min Wun, Kyaw-Soe Htun & Henry Silverman - 2018 - Asian Bioethics Review 10 (2):123-132.
    Myanmar has recently surfaced from total military rule and efforts at conducting research to enhance the health of the population has increased during the recent democratization process, both from the military and civil sectors as well as support from international agencies. International guidelines mandate that such research requires prior ethics review in accordance with international standards. Previous commentators have expressed concerns, however, regarding the degree of adequate training in research ethics for investigators, the optimal functioning of Research Ethics Committees, and (...)
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  2.  2
    Rurally rooted cross-border migrant workers from Myanmar, Covid-19, and agrarian movements.Saturnino M. Borras, Jennifer C. Franco, Doi Ra, Tom Kramer, Mi Kamoon, Phwe Phyu, Khu Khu Ju, Pietje Vervest, Mary Oo, Kyar Yin Shell, Thu Maung Soe, Ze Dau, Mi Phyu, Mi Saryar Poine, Mi Pakao Jumper, Nai Sawor Mon, Khun Oo, Kyaw Thu, Nwet Kay Khine, Tun Tun Naing, Nila Papa, Lway Htwe Htwe, Lway Hlar Reang, Lway Poe Jay, Naw Seng Jai, Yunan Xu, Chunyu Wang & Jingzhong Ye - forthcoming - Agriculture and Human Values:1-24.
    This paper examines the situation of rurally rooted cross-border migrant workers from Myanmar during the Covid-19 pandemic. It looks at the circumstances of the migrants prior to the global health emergency, before exploring possibilities for a post-pandemic future for this stratum of the working people by raising critical questions addressed to agrarian movements. It does this by focusing on the nature and dynamics of the nexus of land and labour in the context of production and social reproduction, a view that (...)
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  3.  12
    Foundations of Criticality: Applications of Traditional Monastic Pedagogy in Myanmar.Pyi Phyo Kyaw - 2015 - Contemporary Buddhism 16 (2):401-427.
    It is well documented in scholarship that standardized, non-secularized monastic examinations in Myanmar have resulted in an education system that focuses on rote learning. Through a multidisciplinary study of monastic education in Myanmar and modern educational theories, this article investigates how Burmese monks and nuns study Buddhist texts in formal monastic curricula and what pedagogical and learning approaches are applied in their study of Buddhist texts. I shall give particular attention to the process of acquiring expert knowledge through the use (...)
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  4. Lord Kyaw Thu's Precedent : A Sixteenth-Century Burmese Law-Report.Andrew Huxley - 2012 - In Paul Dresch & Hannah Skoda (eds.), Legalism: Anthropology and History. Oxford University Press.
     
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  5.  6
    Lord Kyaw Thu's Precedent.Francis Bacon - 2012 - In Paul Dresch & Hannah Skoda (eds.), Legalism: Anthropology and History. Oxford University Press. pp. 229.
  6. Puzzles of Women's Rights in Brazil.Mala Htun - 2002 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 69 (3):733-751.
     
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  7. Ultrafiltration Membrane Process for Pyrogen Removal in the Preparation of Water for Injection (Wfi).Thet N. Soe - 2006 - Inquiry: The University of Arkansas Undergraduate Research Journal 7.
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  8.  6
    The Synergy Between Strategic Alliances in Firms and Market Growth.Soe Ewah, Ee Efa, Co Akpan & Ci Umeh - 2008 - Sophia: An African Journal of Philosophy 10 (1).
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  9.  7
    The Effect of Liquidation and Distress in the Nigerian Banking Industry -: \"The Rold of Nigeria Deposit Insurance Corporation\".Soe Ewah, Ii Iyeli & Ee Efa - 2008 - Sophia: An African Journal of Philosophy 9 (2).
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  10.  10
    Terms of Engagement: Text, Technique and Experience in Scholarship on Theravada Meditation.Andrew Skilton, Kate Crosby & Pyi Phyo Kyaw - 2019 - Contemporary Buddhism 20 (1-2):1-35.
    ABSTRACTThis article examines the term kammaṭṭhāna in three contexts. It begins by looking at the rare usage in the Pali canon where it denotes secular work, but is extended to include the work of the ascetic. It then looks at its usage in the commentarial period to denote the meditation subjects for samatha meditation, and where extensions of this to include vipassanā also occur. Finally, the article looks at kammaṭṭhāna in early modern Southeast Asia in the context of a variety (...)
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  11.  11
    The Sound of the Breath: Sunlun and Theinngu Meditation Traditions of Myanmar.Pyi Phyo Kyaw - 2019 - Contemporary Buddhism 20 (1-2):247-291.
    ABSTRACTThis article explores the popular Sunlun and Theinngu meditation traditions in Myanmar. The founders, Sunlun Sayadaw Ven. U Kavi and Theinngu Sayadaw Ven. U Ukkaṭṭha, both led a lay life until in their mid-40s and only then took up meditation, going on to become highly respected meditation teachers. Their meditation techniques are similarly distinctive in employing rapid, strong and rhythmic breathing. They combined this with the contemplation of the intense, usually unpleasant, bodily sensations that are thus induced. I document their (...)
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  12.  12
    Entering the Stream to Enlightenment: Experiences of the Stages of the Buddhist Path in Contemporary Sri Lanka, by Yuki Sirimane. Equinox Publishing Ltd., 2016. 366pp. Hb. £75.00; Pb. £24.99. ISBN-13: 978-1-7817-9203-2 ; 978-1-7817-9204-9, Pb. [REVIEW]Pyi Phyo Kyaw - 2018 - Buddhist Studies Review 34 (2):272-275.
    Entering the Stream to Enlightenment: Experiences of the Stages of the Buddhist Path in Contemporary Sri Lanka, by Yuki Sirimane. Equinox Publishing Ltd., 2016. 366pp. Hb. £75.00; Pb. £24.99. ISBN-13: 978-1-7817-9203-2 ; 978-1-7817-9204-9.
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  13.  11
    Critical Thinking and Buddhist Studies: Introduction.Pyi Phyo Kyaw - 2015 - Contemporary Buddhism 16 (2):355-355.
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  14.  2
    Social Inequalities, Empowerment, and Women’s Transitions Into Abusive Marriages: A Case Study From Myanmar.Aye Thiri Kyaw, San Shwe & Stephanie Spaid Miedema - 2016 - Gender and Society 30 (4):670-694.
    Extant sociological theories of gendered power within marriage focus on how social forces—such as gender inequality—shape women’s power within already established partnerships and subsequently affect their risk of intimate partner violence. Yet, inequitable social forces similarly shape women’s life conditions prior to and during the marital transition, with implications for women’s power in marriage. In Myanmar, gender relations between women and men historically have been touted as equitable and advantageous to women. Rare qualitative data find that structural gender inequalities permeate (...)
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  15.  1
    Courtney Jung.Patrick Macklem Htun & Rogers Smith - 2006 - In Robert E. Goodin & Charles Tilly (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Contextual Political Analysis. Oxford University Press.
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  16.  6
    Afterword – Ways Forward.Andrew Skilton, Pyi Phyo Kyaw & Kate Crosby - 2019 - Contemporary Buddhism 20 (1-2):372-377.
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  17.  5
    Assessing Research Ethics Committees in Myanmar: Results of a Self-Assessment Tool.Zaw Zaw Oo, Min Wun, Yin Thet Nu Oo, Kyaw Swa Mya & Henry J. Silverman - 2020 - Asian Bioethics Review 12 (1):37-49.
    Human subjects research has increased in Myanmar since 2010 and, accordingly, the establishment of research ethics committees has increased review of these research studies. However, characteristics that reflect the operations of RECs in Myanmar have not been assessed. To assess the structures and processes of RECs at medical institutions in Myanmar, we used a self-assessment tool for RECs operating in low- and middle-income countries. This tool consists of the following ten domains: organizational aspects, membership and ethics training, submission arrangements and (...)
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  18.  7
    Dehybridization in the Face of the Party-State: A Longitudinal Case Study of a Chinese SOE's Corporate Governance Responses to Institutional Change.Jun Jie Yang, Lai Si Tsui-Auch & Xueli Wang - forthcoming - Journal of Business Ethics:1-18.
    This longitudinal case study identifies corporate governance responses in a Chinese state-owned enterprise facing institutional logic multiplicity and demands to shoulder sociopolitical responsibilities beyond economic responsibility. We find that overseas listing led to the incorporation of market logic into an enterprise in which party-state logic prevailed. The prioritization of sociopolitical responsibilities vis-à-vis economic responsibility has shifted through three phases, reflecting changes in institutional logic centrality amid changing politico-institutional and firm conditions. In response, the enterprise developed hybrid corporate governance structures based (...)
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  19. Book Review: The Logics of Gender Justice: State Action on Women’s Rights Around the World by Mala Htun and S. Laurel Weldon. [REVIEW]Nicole Barreto Hindert - 2019 - Gender and Society 33 (4):658-660.
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  20.  6
    Naturrecht und christliche Ethik bei N. H. Soe.Paul Ramsey - 1968 - Zeitschrift Für Evangelische Ethik 12 (1):80-98.
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  21.  9
    Chinese State-Owned Enterprises and Human Rights: The Importance of National and Intra-Organizational Pressures.Judy Muthuri & Glen Whelan - 2017 - Business and Society 56 (5):738-781.
    The growing global prominence of Chinese state-owned enterprises brings new dimensions to our understanding of multi-national corporations and human rights issues. This article constructs a three-level framework that enables the mapping of transnational, national, and intra-organizational human rights pressures, and uses this framework to identify and analyze the human rights that Chinese SOEs report concern with. The analysis provided suggests that while China’s most global SOEs are subject to transnational pressures to respect all human rights, such pressures appear outweighed by (...)
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  22.  7
    Does Ownership Matter? Firm Ownership and Corporate Illegality in China.Yongqiang Gao & Haibin Yang - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 168 (2):431-445.
    This study explores whether or not a firm’s ownership status, as state-owned enterprise or private-owned enterprise, will influence its likelihood of engaging in illegality in China. We build our arguments on the institution-based view, positing that firms rationally pursue their interests in the distinct institutional context of China. Compared to SOEs, POEs have limited access to institutional resources, the lack of which threatens their development or even survival, forcing them to “break rules” to overcome institutional barriers. We thus suggest that (...)
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  23.  32
    Player and Referee Roles Held Jointly: The Effect of State Ownership on China’s Regulatory Enforcement Against Fraud.Wenxuan Hou & Geoff Moore - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 95 (S2):317-335.
    This article examines the impact of the prevailing state ownership in the Chinese stock market on corporate governance and the financial regulatory system, respectively, as the internal and external monitoring mechanisms to deter corporate fraud and protect investors. In line with the literature that state ownership exaggerates the agency problem, we find that the retained state ownership in privatised firms increases the incidence of regulatory enforcements against fraud. For the state-owned enterprises (SOEs), however, larger state ownership is associated with a (...)
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  24.  19
    State-Owned Enterprises as Bribe Payers: The Role of Institutional Environment.Liang Chen, Sali Li, Jingtao Yi & Noman Shaheer - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 159 (1):221-238.
    Our paper draws attention to a neglected channel of corruption—the bribe payments by state-owned enterprises. This is an important phenomenon as bribe payments by SOEs fruitlessly waste national resources, compromising public welfare and national prosperity. Using a large dataset of 30,249 firms from 50 countries, we show that, in general, SOEs are less likely to pay bribes for achieving organizational objectives owing to their political connectivity. However, in deteriorated institutional environments, SOEs may be subjected to potential managerial rent-seeking behaviors, which (...)
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  25.  31
    Institutional Interest, Ownership Type, and Environmental Capital Expenditures: Evidence From the Most Polluting Chinese Listed Firms.Wenjing Li & Xiaoyan Lu - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 138 (3):459-476.
    This study empirically examines whether firms’ environmental capital expenditures impact institutional investors’ investment decisions in the Chinese market. We particularly examine the impact of ownership type on the relationship of environmental capital expenditures and the behavior of different types of institutional investors by classifying institutional investors into two categories, short-term and long-term investors. In addition, this study further investigates whether environmental capital expenditures related to ownership type increase firm value. We find that long-term institutional investors tend to invest in state-owned (...)
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  26.  34
    Corporate Philanthropy, Ownership Type, and Financial Transparency.Cuili Qian, Xinzi Gao & Albert Tsang - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 130 (4):851-867.
    Drawing on stakeholder theory and the concept of enlightened self-interest, we argue that firms that actively engage in corporate philanthropic giving also tend to demonstrate greater concern for investors’ interests by providing more transparent financial information and avoiding corporate misconduct. Moreover, the relationships between corporate giving, financial information transparency, and corporate misconduct vary significantly according to the firm’s ownership type, which affects the fundamental motivations for corporate philanthropy. In a sample of Chinese publicly listed firms from the 2003–2009 period, we (...)
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  27. Chinese State-Owned Enterprise Investment.Bashar H. Malkawi - 2019 - The Forum on National Security Law 10 (S1):22-33.
    China has overtaken Japan as the world's second-biggest economy. In a remarkably short span– less than fifteen years– the United States economy has experienced a relatively huge decline vis-à-vis China on a nominal GDP basis.
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  28.  19
    Trust and Stock Price Synchronicity: Evidence from China.Baoyin Qiu, Junli Yu & Kuo Zhang - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 167 (1):97-109.
    This paper investigates how social trust affects stock price synchronicity using a large sample of listed firms in China. We propose and provide evidence that social trust has a significantly positive impact on the amount of firm-specific information capitalized into stock prices. Further analyses indicate that firms located in regions of high social trust tend to have a smaller stock price crash risk and are less likely to engage in opportunistic behaviors than those in low-trust regions. Moreover, the positive role (...)
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  29.  61
    The Effect of Guanxi on Audit Quality in China.Jihong Liu, Yaping Wang & Liansheng Wu - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 103 (4):621-638.
    Two types of guanxi have a close association with auditor independence in China: firm-level connections derived from state ownership and personal connections developed through management affiliations with external auditors. This article examines the effects of these two types of connection and their joint effect on audit quality. We find that state ownership and management affiliations with the external auditor both increase the probability of receiving a clean audit opinion in China. Furthermore, the probability increment brought by management affiliations for non-state-owned (...)
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  30.  32
    Do Suppliers Applaud Corporate Social Performance?Min Zhang, Lijun Ma, Jun Su & Wen Zhang - 2014 - Journal of Business Ethics 121 (4):543-557.
    The influence of corporate social performance on stakeholders is one of the focal issues in corporate social responsibility research. Using data of listed companies in China, this paper examines whether CSR behavior in the form of charitable donations garners a positive reaction from suppliers. Results derived from both level and change model regressions show that superior CSP makes it easier for a firm to obtain trade credit from suppliers, although the effect is significant only in non-state-owned enterprises. The results are (...)
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  31.  22
    Turnaround, Corruption and Mediocrity: Leadership and Governance in Three State Owned Enterprises in Mainland China. [REVIEW]Linfen Jennifer Huang & Robin Stanley Snell - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 43 (1/2):111 - 124.
    We focus on moral climates through case studies of three state owned enterprises (SOEs) in a South China City. In Company A, a shipbuilding company, the general manager persuaded the supervisory bureau to allow him to replace the old top management team with managers chosen on merit, and who supported his desire for reforms. He exercised transformational leadership, established internal rule of law, cultivated a spirited moral climate, and achieved turnaround. At Company B, a financial services conglomerate, the general manager (...)
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  32. Can A Quantum Field Theory Ontology Help Resolve the Problem of Consciousness?Anand Rangarajan - 2019 - In Siddheshwar Rameshwar Bhatt (ed.), Quantum Reality and Theory of Śūnya. Springer. pp. 13-26.
    The hard problem of consciousness arises in most incarnations of present day physicalism. Why should certain physical processes necessarily be accompanied by experience? One possible response is that physicalism itself should be modified in order to accommodate experience: But, modified how? In the present work, we investigate whether an ontology derived from quantum field theory can help resolve the hard problem. We begin with the assumption that experience cannot exist without being accompanied by a subject of experience (SoE). While people (...)
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  33.  7
    The Unintended Consequences of State Ownership: The Brazilian Experience.Mariana Pargendler - 2012 - Theoretical Inquiries in Law 13 (2):503-524.
    Despite waves of privatization around the world, state ownership of enterprise remains significant. The focus of scholars and policymakers has accordingly shifted from the defense and promotion of privatization to the design and improvement of corporate governance practices in state-owned enterprises. A broad consensus has emerged suggesting that state-owned firms should be corporatized, publicly traded and subject to the greatest extent possible to the same legal regime applicable to private firms. However, by focusing exclusively on what corporate and securities laws (...)
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  34.  11
    The Mis-Match of Expectations and Tools in Transition Economies.Jerry Wheat, Brenda Swartz & Jeffrey Apperson - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 47 (4):335 - 341.
    The fall of the former Soviet Union and the opening of the countries of Eastern Europe has prompted examination of why central planning failed, why capitalism with all its faults is succeeding, and what actions and institutions are necessary to move command economies toward successful, sustainable market economic systems. As they privatize State Owned Enterprises (SOE's) expectations are that the companies will function with the success experienced by western companies. Governments hope to derive tax revenue from company profits and expect (...)
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  35.  21
    Aesthetic Leadership in Chinese Business: A Philosophical Perspective. [REVIEW]Haina Zhang, Malcolm H. Cone, André M. Everett & Graham Elkin - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 101 (3):475-491.
    Confucian ethics play a pivotal role in guiding Chinese thinking and behaviour. Aesthetic leadership is emerging as a promising paradigm in leadership studies. This study investigates the practice of aesthetic leadership in Chinese organizations on the basis of Chinese philosophical foundations. We adopt a process perspective to access the aesthetic constellation of meanings present in the Chinese understanding of leadership, linking normative Confucian values to a pragmatic value rational world view, that rests on an ontology of vaguely defined norms that (...)
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  36. An Evaluation Study on Investment Efficiency: A Predictive Machine Learning Approach.Weiwei Hao, Hongyan Gao & Zongqing Liu - 2021 - Complexity 2021:1-9.
    This paper proposes a nonlinear autoregressive neural network method for the investment performance evaluation of state-owned enterprises. It is different from the traditional method based on machine learning, such as linear regression, structural equation, clustering, and principal component analysis; this paper uses a regression prediction method to analyze investment efficiency. In this paper, we firstly analyze the relationship between diversified ownership reform, corporate debt leverage, and the investment efficiency of state-owned enterprises. Secondly, a set of investment efficiency evaluation index system (...)
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  37.  15
    Political Status and Tax Haven Investment of Emerging Market Firms: Evidence from China.Ziliang Deng, Jiayan Yan & Pei Sun - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 165 (3):469-488.
    Tax haven investment has become an increasingly important topic in business ethics. Given the considerable tax haven investments from emerging market firms, understanding how home-country institutions shape their investments in tax havens is theoretically intriguing and practically crucial. By integrating resource dependence and institutional theories, we hypothesize the existence of a negative relationship between firms’ home-country political status and tax haven investment. State-owned enterprises controlled by the central government dominate the political hierarchy. Compared with other types of enterprises, central SOEs (...)
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  38.  21
    The Ethics of Government Privatisation in Nigeria.Edwin Etieyibo - 2011 - Thought and Practice: A Journal of the Philosophical Association of Kenya 3 (1):87-112.
    This paper seeks to determine whether or not the divesture of Nigeria’s state-owned enterprises by the Federal Government of Nigeria is ethical. Towards this end, it employs an analytic methodology to undertake a conceptual examination of the divesture of Nigeria’s SOEs by the FGN. The paper’s findings are: A large proportion of the Nigerian citizenry is opposed to its government’s privatization policy. A conducive socio-economic environment for privatization is lacking in Nigeria.The paper concludes that although privatization in general may be (...)
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  39.  25
    Between Capitalism and Marxism: Introducing Lonergan's Economics.Frederick Lawrence - 2007 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 63 (4):941 - 959.
    What capitalist economics call business or trade cycles with their recessions and depressions, and Marxists, in terms of surplus value and exploitation, call crises are fundamental misunderstandings of what Bernard Lonergan conceives as the true intelligibility of the rhythms of production and monetary circulation of the advanced exchange economy. In his circulation analysis he expresses the intelligibility of macroeconomic dynamics in terms of a pure cycle that involves the anti-egalitarian flows proper to new surplus or productive goods expansion and the (...)
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  40.  8
    Corporate Governance Under State Control: The Chinese Experience.Zhaofeng Wang - 2012 - Theoretical Inquiries in Law 13 (2):487-502.
    Corporations controlled by the Chinese government originated as state-owned enterprises and still constitute the foundation of the Chinese economy. In addition to their profit-maximization goal, they are expected to contribute to the national welfare, maintain a harmonious society, and ensure sustainable economic development. They thus pursue both firm goals and national goals. This dual goal has shaped corporate governance under state control. While Chinese SOE performance has improved in recent years, certain problems remain. This Article suggests how the governance of (...)
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  41.  3
    Concentrated Ownership, State-Owned Enterprises and Corporate Governance.Ernest W. K. Lim - forthcoming - Oxford Journal of Legal Studies.
    Concentrated ownership companies are increasing worldwide, a significant percentage of which are state-owned enterprises, whose controller is the government. Government owners are the world’s second largest type of shareholder. Despite extensive literature on SOEs, there is little analysis of how corporate governance can be undermined by the state as the controller of SOEs or how it can be deployed by the government to serve its own ends. This article critically examines how the conflict of interest between the government as the (...)
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  42.  16
    Removing Vacant Chairs: Does Independent Directors’ Attendance at Board Meetings Matter?Huilong Liu, Hong Wang & Liansheng Wu - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 133 (2):375-393.
    In this paper we investigate whether independent directors’ attendance at board meetings enhances investor protection using a difference-in-difference approach. We find that independent directors’ attendance alleviates tunneling. This effect is more pronounced in non-state-owned enterprises than in state-owned enterprises. The reinforcement of external supervision substitutes for the role of independent directors’ attendance and this substitution effect is more significant in non-SOEs. Together, these results imply that independent directors’ attendance at board meetings can play an important role in protecting investors, especially (...)
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  43.  10
    The Influence From the Past: Organizational Imprinting and Firms' Compliance with Social Insurance Policies in China.Yi Han, Enying Zheng & Minya Xu - 2014 - Journal of Business Ethics 122 (1):1-13.
    Using a nationwide survey of randomly selected manufacturing firms in representative Chinese cities, we examine how firms’ compliance with social insurance policies is shaped by their historical imprinting, by their founding ownership structures, as well as by massive institutional changes. Our empirical results suggest that firms founded in the state socialist era and firms founded as Chinese state-owned enterprises (SOEs) were infused with socialist institutional logics of labor relations, and they tended to comply with social insurance policies even in the (...)
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  44.  5
    Business and Human Rights: A Configurational View of the Antecedents of Human Rights Infringements by Emerging Market Firms.Luciano Ciravegna & Federica Nieri - forthcoming - Journal of Business Ethics:1-20.
    This study investigates the antecedents of human rights infringements by emerging market firms. We used fuzzy set qualitative comparative analysis to examine HRIs in 245 firms based in eight emerging markets, between 2003 and 2012. Our findings disclose three equifinal configurations of high levels of HRIs, all involving EFs that have expanded to a high number of foreign markets: large, old, low performing state-owned enterprises operating in high quality institutions’ home and host markets, small, young, over-performing EFs operating in low (...)
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  45. Mixed-Ownership Reform and Private Firms’ Corporate Social Responsibility Practices: Evidence From China.Ailing Pan, Xin Liu, Ron P. McIver, Lei Xu & Bin Li - 2022 - Business and Society 61 (2):389-418.
    China’s historical mixed-ownership reform has prioritized enhancing the efficiency and financial performance of its large state-owned enterprises through introduction of partial private-sector equity ownership. However, the presence of a significant gap between China’s private enterprises’ corporate social responsibility practices and those of its SOEs suggests potential for Reform-related ownership changes to negatively impact economy-wide CSR performance. We therefore examine the Reform’s impact on private acquirer firms’ CSR practices. We use a proprietary data set of firms listed on the Shanghai and (...)
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  46. The Social Marginalization of Workers in China's State-Owned Enterprises.Michael Zhang - 2006 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 73 (1):159-184.
    The Social Marginalization...In the “enterprise restructuring” process begun in the late 1990s, China’s medium and small-scale state-owned enterprises rapidly converted themselves, through massive sell-offs, mergers and the forming of share-holding cooperatives, into private enterprises, while the larger-scale SOEs strove to reinvent themselves as “modern enterprise systems” through the issuance of shares, by company mergers and sell-offs, or via declarations of bankruptcy. During this process, SOE workers who had retained their jobs and also those who had been “laid off” in the (...)
     
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  47.  3
    Special Operations: A Hidden Chapter in the Histories of Facial Surgery and Human Enhancement.Roderick Bailey - 2020 - Medical Humanities 46 (2):115-123.
    During the Second World War, Britain’s Special Operations Executive, a secret service established to encourage resistance and carry out sabotage, employed various techniques of enhancing the ability of its personnel to operate undetected in enemy territory. One of these methods was surgery. Drawing on recently declassified records, this article illuminates SOE’s reasons for commissioning this procedure, the needs and wants of those who received it, and the surgeons employed to carry it out. It also aims to underline the role of (...)
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  48.  7
    The Impact of Privatization on Economic Performance in European Companies.Patricia Bachiller - 2012 - Journal des Economistes Et des Etudes Humaines 18 (1).
    The objective of this paper is to analyze the effect of privatization on the performance of firms by using a panel data set of 38 companies that were privatized in Europe. We compare the profit, profitability, total product, operating efficiency, net income, employment, leverage and risk of these SOEs before and after their privatization. The legal environment, regulation, goals of privatization and competition characterize each sector, which is why we split the total sample into sectors. Our results indicate that the (...)
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