Results for 'Kyle Bogosian'

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  1.  15
    Implementation of Moral Uncertainty in Intelligent Machines.Kyle Bogosian - 2017 - Minds and Machines 27 (4):591-608.
    The development of artificial intelligence will require systems of ethical decision making to be adapted for automatic computation. However, projects to implement moral reasoning in artificial moral agents so far have failed to satisfactorily address the widespread disagreement between competing approaches to moral philosophy. In this paper I argue that the proper response to this situation is to design machines to be fundamentally uncertain about morality. I describe a computational framework for doing so and show that it efficiently resolves common (...)
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  2. How Are Thick Terms Evaluative?Brent G. Kyle - 2013 - Philosophers' Imprint 13:1-20.
    Ethicists are typically willing to grant that thick terms (e.g. ‘courageous’ and ‘murder’) are somehow associated with evaluations. But they tend to disagree about what exactly this relationship is. Does a thick term’s evaluation come by way of its semantic content? Or is the evaluation pragmatically associated with the thick term (e.g. via conversational implicature)? In this paper, I argue that thick terms are semantically associated with evaluations. In particular, I argue that many thick concepts (if not all) conceptually entail (...)
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  3. Thick Concepts.Brent G. Kyle - 2016 - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    A term expresses a thick concept if it expresses a specific evaluative concept that is also substantially descriptive. It is a matter of debate how this rough account should be unpacked, but examples can help to convey the basic idea. Thick concepts are often illustrated with virtue concepts like courageous and generous, action concepts like murder and betray, epistemic concepts like dogmatic and wise, and aesthetic concepts like gaudy and brilliant. These concepts seem to be evaluative, unlike purely descriptive concepts (...)
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  4.  57
    Hiddenness, Holiness, and Impurity.Brent G. Kyle - 2017 - Religious Studies 53 (2):239-259.
    John Schellenberg has advanced the hiddenness argument against God’s existence, based on the idea that an all-loving God would seek personal relationships. This article develops a reply to Schellenberg’s argument by examining the notion of moral impurity, as understood by Paul the Apostle. Paul conceptualized moral impurity as a causal state that transfers from person to person, like a contagious disease. He also believed that moral impurity precludes divine–human relationship. The goal of this article is to develop these ideas into (...)
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  5.  21
    Avoiding Empty Rhetoric: Engaging Publics in Debates About Nanotechnologies.Renee Kyle & Susan Dodds - 2009 - Science and Engineering Ethics 15 (1):81-96.
    Despite the amount of public investment in nanotechnology ventures in the developed world, research shows that there is little public awareness about nanotechnology, and public knowledge is very limited. This is concerning given that nanotechnology has been heralded as ‘revolutionising’ the way we live. In this paper, we articulate why public engagement in debates about nanotechnology is important, drawing on literature on public engagement and science policy debate and deliberation about public policy development. We also explore the significance of timing (...)
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  6. The New and Old Ignorance Puzzles: How Badly Do We Need Closure?Brent G. Kyle - 2015 - Synthese 192 (5):1495-1525.
    Skeptical puzzles and arguments often employ knowledge-closure principles . Epistemologists widely believe that an adequate reply to the skeptic should explain why her reasoning is appealing albeit misleading; but it’s unclear what would explain the appeal of the skeptic’s closure principle, if not for its truth. In this paper, I aim to challenge the widespread commitment to knowledge-closure. But I proceed by first examining a new puzzle about failing to know—what I call the New Ignorance Puzzle . This puzzle resembles (...)
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  7. Knowledge as a Thick Concept: Explaining Why the Gettier Problem Arises.Brent G. Kyle - 2013 - Philosophical Studies 165 (1):1-27.
    The Gettier problem has stymied epistemologists. But, whether or not this problem is resolvable, we still must face an important question: Why does the Gettier problem arise in the first place? So far, philosophers have seen it as either a problem peculiar to the concept of knowledge, or else an instance of a general problem about conceptual analysis. But I would like to steer a middle course. I argue that the Gettier problem arises because knowledge is a thick concept, and (...)
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  8.  73
    Courage, Cowardice, and Maher’s Misstep.Brent G. Kyle - 2017 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 47 (4):565-587.
    Could a Nazi soldier or terrorist be courageous? The Courage Problem asks us to answer this sort of question, and then to explain why people are reluctant to give this answer. The present paper sheds new light on the Courage Problem by examining a controversy sparked by Bill Maher, who claimed that the 9/11 terrorists’ acts were ‘not cowardly.’ It is shown that Maher's controversy is fundamentally related to the Courage Problem. Then, a unified solution to both problems is provided. (...)
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  9. Review of 'The Lewd, the Rude, and the Nasty: A Study of Thick Concepts in Ethics' by Pekka Väyrynen. [REVIEW]Brent G. Kyle - 2015 - Philosophical Quarterly 65 (260):576-582.
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  10.  8
    Using Anonymized Reflection To Teach Ethics: A Pilot Study.Gaye Kyle - 2008 - Nursing Ethics 15 (1):6-16.
    Anonymized reflection was employed as an innovative way of teaching ethics in order to enhance students' ability in ethical decision making during a `Care of the Dying Patient and Family' module. Both qualitative and quantitative data were collected from the first two student cohorts who experienced anonymized reflection ( n = 24). The themes identified were the richness and relevance of scenarios, small-group work and a team approach to teaching. Students indicated that they preferred this style of teaching. This finding (...)
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  11. Punishing and Atoning: A New Critique of Penal Substitution.Brent G. Kyle - 2013 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 74 (2):201-218.
    The doctrine of penal substitution claims that it was good (or required) for God to punish in response to human sin, and that Christ received this punishment in our stead. I argue that this doctrine’s central factual claim—that Christ was punished by God—is mistaken. In order to punish someone, one must at least believe the recipient is responsible for an offense. But God surely did not believe the innocent Christ was responsible for an offense, let alone the offense of human (...)
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  12.  31
    Financial Interests of Authors in Scientific Journals: A Pilot Study of 14 Publications.Sheldon Krimsky, L. S. Rothenberg, P. Stott & G. Kyle - 1996 - Science and Engineering Ethics 2 (4):395-410.
    Disclosure of financial interests in scientific research is the centerpiece of the new conflict of interest regulations issued by the U.S. Public Health Service and the National Science Foundation that became effective October 1, 1995. Several scientific journals have also established financial disclosure requirements for contributors. This paper measures the frequency of selected financial interests held among authors of certain types of scientific publications and assesses disclosure practices of authors. We examined 1105 university authors (first and last cited) from Massachusetts (...)
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  13.  35
    Protecting the World: Military Humanitarian Intervention and the Ethics of Care.Jess Kyle - 2013 - Hypatia 28 (2):257-273.
    Feminist care theorists Virginia Held and Joan Tronto have suggested that care is relevant to political issues concerning distant others and that care can provide the basis for a more comprehensive moral approach. I consider their approaches with regard to the policy issue of military humanitarian intervention, and raise concerns about exceptionalist attitudes toward international law that entail a collection of costs that I refer to as “the problem of global worldlessness.” I suggest that an ethic of care can overcome (...)
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  14. Epistemicism and the Problem of Arbitrariness for Vagueness.Christopher D. Kyle - 2012 - Dialogue: Journal of Phi Sigma Tau 55 (1).
    This paper distinguishes between epistemic and metaphysical problems of arbitrariness for vagueness. It argues that epistemicism can resolve the epistemic problem of arbitrariness but not the metaphysical one.
     
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  15.  19
    A Summary of Research in Science Education—1986. Part III.James A. Shymansky & William C. Kyle - 1988 - Science Education 72 (3):349-402.
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  16.  16
    Nielsen's Compatibilism.Chad A. Bogosian - 2013 - Southwest Philosophy Review 29 (1):89-97.
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  17.  12
    Ancestral Memory and Petrarch’s De Remediis Utriusque Fortunae in Carrara Padua.Sarah R. Kyle - 2014 - Mediaevalia 35 (1):177-192.
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  18.  13
    Chaos to Complexity: Leveling the Playing Field for Measuring Value in Primary Care.William P. Moran, Jingwen Zhang, Mulugeta Gebregziabher, Elisha L. Brownfield, Kimberly S. Davis, Andrew D. Schreiner, Brent M. Egan, Raymond S. Greenberg, T. Rogers Kyle, Justin E. Marsden, Sarah J. Ball & Patrick D. Mauldin - 2017 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 23 (2):430-438.
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  19.  11
    Impeccability, Consensus, and Trusting One’s Intuitions: Why Epistemic Might Doesn’T Make Rationally Right.Chad A. Bogosian - 2015 - Southwest Philosophy Review 31 (1):81-92.
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  20.  7
    British Ethical Theories: The Place and Importance of Bishop Butler.W. M. Kyle - 1929 - Australasian Journal of Psychology and Philosophy 7 (4):252-262.
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  21.  24
    The Relation Between Phonological Awareness and Working Memory.J. Oakhill & F. Kyle - 2000 - Journal of Experimental Child Psychology 75 (2):152-164.
  22.  10
    JME Referees in 1995.Henry Alexander, Peter Arnold, Muriel Bebeau, Brenda Jo Bredemeier, Eamonn Callan, Jerrold Coombs, Janet Edwards, Marilyn Johnson, Judy Kyle & Charles Levine - 1996 - Journal of Moral Education 25 (2):241.
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  23.  12
    The Sources of Religious Insight.Kristy Kyle - 2002 - Newsletter of the Society for the Advancement of American Philosophy 30 (92):53-55.
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  24.  10
    Olympics and Others D. J. Phillips, D. Pritchard (Edd.): Sport and Festival in the Ancient Greek World . Pp. Xxxii + 416, Ills. Swansea: The Classical Press of Wales, 2003. Cased. ISBN: 0-9543845-1-. [REVIEW]Donald G. Kyle - 2005 - The Classical Review 55 (02):602-.
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  25.  1
    Fitness for Work. [REVIEW]W. M. Kyle - 1929 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 7 (2):154.
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  26.  1
    Things and Ideals. [REVIEW]W. M. Kyle - 1926 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 4 (3):223.
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  27.  3
    A Summary of Research in Science Education—1986. Part II.James A. Shymansky & William C. Kyle - 1988 - Science Education 72 (3):299-348.
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  28.  8
    British Ethical Theories: The Place and Importance of Bishop Butler.W. M. Kyle - 1929 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 7 (4):252 – 262.
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  29.  2
    British Ethical Theories: The Intuitionist Reaction Against Hobbes.W. M. Kyle - 1927 - Australasian Journal of Psychology and Philosophy 5 (2):113-123.
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  30.  2
    The Role of Research in Science Teaching: An NSTA Theme Paper.William C. Kyle, Marcia C. Linn, Betty L. Bitner, Carole P. Mitchener & Bruce Perry - 1991 - Science Education 75 (4):413-418.
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  31.  2
    Community Pharmacy Dispensing of Prescription Medicine Sample Packs: Changing the Business of Medicine Initiation?G. J. Kyle, L. Nissen & S. Tett - 2010 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 16 (6):1357-1360.
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  32.  4
    British Ethical Theories: The Intuitionist Reaction Against Hobbes.W. M. Kyle - 1927 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 5 (2):113 – 123.
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  33.  1
    The Reform Agenda and Science Education: Hegemonic Control Vs. Counterhegemony.William C. Kyle - 1991 - Science Education 75 (4):403-411.
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  34.  1
    Articles.Ken Kyle, Charles Jenks & Suzanne Rice - 2002 - Educational Studies 33 (2):150-180.
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  35.  24
    Knowledge as a Thick Concept: New Light on the Gettier and Value Problems.Brent G. Kyle - 2011 - Dissertation, Cornell University
    I argue that knowledge is a particular kind of concept known as a thick concept. Examples of thick concepts include courage, generosity, loyalty, brutality, and so forth. These concepts are commonly said to combine both evaluation and description, and one of the main goals of this dissertation is to provide a new account of how a thick concept combines these elements. It is argued that thick concepts are semantically evaluative, and that they combine evaluation and description in a way similar (...)
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  36. Review: Sport and Festival in the Ancient Greek World. [REVIEW]Donald G. Kyle - 2005 - The Classical Review 55 (2):602-604.
     
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  37. The Concept of Morals. [REVIEW]W. M. Kyle - 1939 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 17 (1):92.
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  38. The Theoretical and Historical Case for Democratic Education in the United States.Ken Kyle & Charles Jenks - 2002 - Educational Studies 33 (2):150-169.
     
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  39. Re-Enchanting Realism in Debate with Kyle Stanford.Emma Ruttkamp-Bloem - 2013 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 44 (1):201-224.
    In this article, against the background of a notion of ‘assembled’ truth, the evolutionary progressiveness of a theory is suggested as novel and promising explanation for the success of science. A new version of realism in science, referred to as ‘naturalised realism’ is outlined. Naturalised realism is ‘fallibilist’ in the unique sense that it captures and mimics the self-corrective core of scientific knowledge and its progress. It is argued that naturalised realism disarms Kyle Stanford’s anti-realist ‘new induction’ threats by (...)
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  40.  54
    Review of Kyle Stanford’s Exceeding Our Grasp: Science, History and the Problem of Unconceived Alternatives. [REVIEW]Ioannis Votsis - 2007 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 21 (1):103 – 106.
    In recent years, two challenges stand out against scientific realism: the argument from the underdetermination of theories by evidence (UTE) and the pessimistic induction argument (PI). In his book, Kyle Stanford accepts the gravity of these challenges, but argues that the most serious and powerful challenge to scientific realism has been neglected. The problem of unconceived alternatives (PUA), as he calls it, is introduced in chapter one and refined in chapter two. In short, PUA holds that throughout history scientists (...)
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  41. P. Kyle Stanford Exceeding Our Grasp: Science, History, and the Problem of Unconceived Alternatives.Patrick Enfield - 2008 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 59 (4):881-895.
  42.  24
    P. Kyle Stanford:Exceeding Our Grasp: Science, History, and the Problem of Unconceived Alternatives,:Exceeding Our Grasp: Science, History, and the Problem of Unconceived Alternatives.David Harker - 2008 - Philosophy of Science 75 (2):251-253.
  43.  3
    P. Kyle Stanford: Exceeding Our Grasp: Science, History, And The Problem Of Unconceived Alternatives. [REVIEW]David Harker - 2008 - Philosophy of Science 75 (2):251-253.
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  44. Exceeding Our Grasp: Science, History, and the Problem of Unconceived Alternatives, by P. Kyle Stanford.A. Kukla - 2010 - Mind 119 (473):243-246.
  45. Exceeding Our Grasp: Science, History, and the Problem of Unconceived Alternatives. By P. Kyle Stanford.Sam Mitchell - 2009 - Metaphilosophy 40 (5):719-723.
  46.  5
    Sarah R. Kyle, Medicine and Humanism in Late Medieval Italy: The Carrara Herbal in Padua. Abingdon and New York: Routledge, 2017. Pp. Xiii + 243. ISBN 978-1-4724-4652-7. £110.00. [REVIEW]Vittoria Feola - 2018 - British Journal for the History of Science 51 (1):157-158.
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  47. Author-Meets-Critics: Exceeding Our Grasp by Kyle Stanford.Arthur Fine, Peter Godfrey-Smith & Anjan Chakravartty - 2008 - Philosophical Studies 137 (1).
  48. P. Kyle Stanford, Exceeding Our Grasp: Science, History, and the Problem of Unconceived Alternatives. New York: Oxford University Press , 248 Pp., $45.00. [REVIEW]David Harker - 2008 - Philosophy of Science 75 (2):251-253.
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  49.  30
    Comments on P. Kyle Stanford's “Getting Real” The Hypothesis of Organic Fossil Origins”.Derek Turner - 2010 - Modern Schoolman 87 (3-4):245-250.
  50.  17
    Response to “Moral Heroism and the Requirement Claim” by Kyle Fruh.Mark Silcox - 2014 - Southwest Philosophy Review 30 (2):13-16.
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