Results for 'Kyle Michael James Shuttleworth'

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  1.  6
    Virtues and Ethics Within Watsuji Tetsurō’s Rinrigaku.Kyle Michael James Shuttleworth - 2020 - Asian Philosophy 30 (1):57-70.
    In the second volume of Rinrigaku, Watsuji Tetsurō focuses on developing his notion of betweenness through the ethical organisations of family, local commun...
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  2.  5
    Watsuji Tetsurō’s Concept of “Authenticity”.Kyle Michael James Shuttleworth - 2019 - Comparative and Continental Philosophy 11 (3):235-250.
    ABSTRACTThe translation of honraisei as “authenticity” has caused scholars to compare Watsuji with Heideggerian and Taylorian accounts of authenticity. In this article, it will be demonstrated that this translation of “authenticity” is misleading insofar as it suggests a sense of subjective individuality as prevalent within Western philosophical thought. However, rather than rejecting a Watsujian account of authenticity, it will be argued that we can salvage this understanding by rethinking honraisei as a distinctly Japanese approach to authenticity and one which is (...)
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  3.  10
    Slow Walking on a Treadmill Desk Does Not Negatively Affect Executive Abilities: An Examination of Cognitive Control, Conflict Adaptation, Response Inhibition, and Post-Error Slowing.Michael J. Larson, James D. LeCheminant, Kaylie Carbine, Kyle R. Hill, Edward Christenson, Travis Masterson & Rick LeCheminant - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  4.  7
    Peer Review Versus Editorial Review and Their Role in Innovative Science.Nicole Zwiren, Glenn Zuraw, Ian Young, Michael A. Woodley, Jennifer Finocchio Wolfe, Nick Wilson, Peter Weinberger, Manuel Weinberger, Christoph Wagner, Georg von Wintzigerode, Matt Vogel, Alex Villasenor, Shiloh Vermaak, Carlos A. Vega, Leo Varela, Tine van der Maas, Jennie van der Byl, Paul Vahur, Nicole Turner, Michaela Trimmel, Siro I. Trevisanato, Jack Tozer, Alison Tomlinson, Laura Thompson, David Tavares, Amhayes Tadesse, Johann Summhammer, Mike Sullivan, Carl Stryg, Christina Streli, James Stratford, Gilles St-Pierre, Karri Stokely, Joe Stokely, Reinhard Stindl, Martin Steppan, Johannes H. Sterba, Konstantin Steinhoff, Wolfgang Steinhauser, Marjorie Elizabeth Steakley, Chrislie J. Starr-Casanova, Mels Sonko, Werner F. Sommer, Daphne Anne Sole, Jildou Slofstra, John R. Skoyles, Florian Six, Sibusio Sithole, Beldeu Singh, Jolanta Siller-Matula, Kyle Shields, David Seppi, Laura Seegers, David Scott, Thomas Schwarzgruber, Clemens Sauerzopf, Jairaj Sanand, Markus Salletmaier & Sackl - 2012 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 33 (5):359-376.
    Peer review is a widely accepted instrument for raising the quality of science. Peer review limits the enormous unstructured influx of information and the sheer amount of dubious data, which in its absence would plunge science into chaos. In particular, peer review offers the benefit of eliminating papers that suffer from poor craftsmanship or methodological shortcomings, especially in the experimental sciences. However, we believe that peer review is not always appropriate for the evaluation of controversial hypothetical science. We argue that (...)
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  5.  6
    Legal and Ethical Challenges of International Direct-to-Participant Genomic Research: Conclusions and Recommendations.Mark A. Rothstein, Ma'N. H. Zawati, Laura M. Beskow, Kathleen M. Brelsford, Kyle B. Brothers, Catherine M. Hammack-Aviran, James W. Hazel, Yann Joly, Michael Lang, Dimitri Patrinos, Andrea Saltzman & Bartha Maria Knoppers - 2019 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 47 (4):705-731.
  6.  10
    Shamans and Other "Magico-Religious" Healers: A Cross-Cultural Study of Their Origins, Nature, and Social Transformations.Michael James Winkelman - 1990 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 18 (3):308-352.
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  7.  9
    Shamans and Other “Magico‐Religious” Healers: A Cross‐Cultural Study of Their Origins, Nature, and Social Transformations.Michael James Winkelman - 1990 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 18 (3):308-352.
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  8.  5
    Ethics in Context.Michael James Heron & Pauline Belford - 2014 - Acm Sigcas Computers and Society 44 (2):20-51.
    The delivery of ethical instruction within formal educational contexts is a task that is fraught with difficulties. Real world situations and examples of misconduct abound, but sourcing sufficient material within the constraints associated with developing course materials can be time-consuming. The availability of resources to illustrate relevant aspects may not be available, or may not fully emphasize the issues that educators wish to incorporate into their discussion of the material. At best, such an approach can only highlight in isolation - (...)
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  9.  13
    Conversion Disorder Diagnosis and Medically Unexplained Symptoms.Michael James Redinger, Parker Crutchfield, Tyler S. Gibb, Peter Longstreet & Robert Strung - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (5):31-33.
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  10.  12
    Power and Perception in the Scandal in Academia.Michael James Heron & Pauline Belford - 2015 - Acm Sigcas Computers and Society 45 (2):11-19.
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  11.  16
    The Quantified University.Michael James Heron & Pauline Belford - 2016 - Acm Sigcas Computers and Society 46 (3):28-44.
    The Scandal in Academia is a large-scale fictional ethical case study of around 17,000 words and fourteen separate revelations. They are delivered as newspaper extracts from a newspaper reporting on an ongoing crisis at a Scottish educational institution. The scandal case study as presented in its original form comes with only limited commentary on the ethical issues raised, concentrating instead on providing the scenario in isolation. This paper is a companion piece to that case study, discussing the fifth and sixth (...)
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  12.  13
    Sexism in the Circuitry.Michael James Heron, Pauline Belford & Ayse Goker - 2014 - Acm Sigcas Computers and Society 44 (4):18-29.
    In this paper, the authors discuss sexism and misogyny within video game culture through the lens of two high-profile examples of cyber-mob harassment and vilification of 'girls in gaming'. We discuss the representation of women within games as a set up for a discussion of Anita Sarkeesian and her Women versus Tropes in Games Youtube series. We then discuss indie game developer Zoe Quinn and what has become known online as 'gamergate. We use logs from the participants in Quinn's harassment (...)
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  13.  11
    The Cautionary Tale of the Initial Widespread Foray Into Psychiatric Genetics.Michael James Redinger, Tyler S. Gibb & Perry Westerman - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (4):22-24.
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  14.  5
    Disclosure and Disavowal.Michael James Heron & Pauline Belford - 2018 - Acm Sigcas Computers and Society 47 (4):29-45.
    The Scandal in Academia is a large-scale fictional ethical case study of around 17,000 words and fourteen separate revelations. They are delivered as newspaper extracts from a newspaper reporting on an ongoing crisis at a Scottish educational institution. The scandal case study as presented in its original form comes with only limited commentary on the ethical issues raised, concentrating instead on providing the scenario in isolation. This paper is a companion piece to that case study, discussing the 7 th and (...)
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  15.  26
    Cicero's De Fato in Deleuze's Logic of Sense.Michael James Bennett - 2015 - Deleuze and Guatarri Studies 9 (1):25-58.
    The arguments of the Stoic Chrysippus recorded in Cicero's De Fato are of great importance to Deleuze's conception of events in The Logic of Sense. The purpose of this paper is to explicate these arguments, to which Deleuze's allusions are extremely terse, and to situate them in the context of Deleuze's broader project in that book. Drawing on contemporary scholarship on the Stoics, I show the extent to which Chrysippus' views on compatibilism, hypothetical inference and astrology support Deleuze's claim that (...)
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  16.  6
    Musings on Misconduct.Michael James Heron & Pauline Belford - 2015 - Acm Sigcas Computers and Society 45 (3):438-444.
    Tools for algorithmically detecting plagiarism have become very popular, but none of these tools offers an effective and reliable way to identify plagiarism within academic software development. As a result, the identification of plagiarism within programming submissions remains an issue of academic judgment. The number of submissions that come in to a large programming class can frustrate the ability to fully investigate each submission for conformance with academic norms of attribution. It is necessary for academics to investigate misconduct, but time (...)
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  17.  91
    The Structures of Perception: An Ecological Perspective.Michael James Braund - 2008 - Kritike 2 (1):123-144.
    James J. Gibson is one of the best known and perhaps most controversial visual theorists of the twentieth century. Writing in the vein of the American functionalists, and immersed in their profound sense of pragmatism, Gibson sought to establish a more rigorous foundation for the study of vision by reworking its most fundamental concepts. Over the five decades of his distinguished career, Gibson brought new clarity to the old problems of the tradition. He offered an alternative theory of perception (...)
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  18.  88
    The Indirect Perception of Distance: Interpretive Complexities in Berkeley's Theory of Vision.Michael James Braund - 2007 - Kritike 1 (2):49-64.
    The problem of whether perception is direct or if it depends on additional, cognitive contributions made by the perceiving subject, is posed with particular force in an Essay towards a New Theory of Vision. It is evident from the recurrent treatment it receives therein that Berkeley considers it to be one of the central issues concerning perception. Fittingly, the NTV devotes the most attention to it. In this essay, I deal exclusively with Berkeley's treatment of the problem of indirect distance (...)
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  19.  13
    The Emergence of an Internally-Grounded, Multireferent Communication System.Kyle Wagner & James A. Reggia - 2006 - Interaction Studies. Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies / Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies 7 (1):105-129.
    Previous simulation work on the evolution of communication has not shown how a large signal repertoire could emerge in situated agents. We present an artificial life simulation of agents, situated in a two-dimensional world, that must search for other agents with whom they can trade resources. With strong restrictions on which resources can be traded for others, initially non-communicating agents evolve/learn a signal system that describes the resource they seek and the resource they are willing to offer in return. A (...)
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  20. Michael Smith and the Daleks: Reason, Morality, and Contingency: James Lenman.James Lenman - 1999 - Utilitas 11 (2):164-177.
    Smith has defended the rationalist's conceptual claim that moral requirements are categorical requirements of reason, arguing that no status short of this would make sense of our taking these requirements as seriously as we do. Against this I argue that Smith has failed to show either that our moral commitments would be undermined by possessing only an internal, contextual justification or that they need presuppose any expectation that rational agents must converge on their acceptance. His claim that this rationalistic understanding (...)
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  21.  32
    Review Of: W. Matthews Grant, Free Will and God’s Universal Causality: The Dual Sources Account. [REVIEW]Michael James Almeida - 2020 - European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 12 (4):240-244.
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  22. Deleuze and Ancient Greek Physics: The Image of Nature.Michael James Bennett - 2017 - London, UK: Bloomsbury Academic.
    In 1988 the philosopher Gilles Deleuze remarked that throughout his career he had always been 'circling around' a concept of nature. Showing how Deleuze weaves original readings of Plato, the Stoics, Aristotle, and Epicurus into some of his most famous arguments about event, difference, and problem, Michael James Bennett argues that these interpretations of ancient Greek physics provide vital clues for understanding Deleuze's own conception of nature. -/- "Deleuze and Ancient Greek Physics" delves into the original Greek and (...)
     
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  23.  94
    Protecting Rainforest Realism: James Ladyman, Don Ross: Everything Must Go: Metaphysics Naturalized, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007, Pp. 368 £49.00 HB.P. Kyle Stanford, Paul Humphreys, Katherine Hawley, James Ladyman & Don Ross - 2010 - Metascience 19 (2):161-185.
    Reply in Book Symposium on James Ladyman, Don Ross: 'Everything must go: metaphysics naturalized', Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007.
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  24.  96
    On Necessary Gratuitous Evils.Michael James Almeida - 2020 - European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 12 (3):117-135.
    The standard position on moral perfection and gratuitous evil makes the prevention of gratuitous evil a necessary condition on moral perfection. I argue that, on any analysis of gratuitous evil we choose, the standard position on moral perfection and gratuitous evil is false. It is metaphysically impossible to prevent every gratuitously evil state of affairs in every possible world. No matter what God does—no matter how many gratuitously evil states of affairs God prevents—it is necessarily true that God coexists with (...)
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  25.  8
    Clouds.Michael James Leach - 2017 - Medical Humanities 43 (4):e37-e38.
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  26.  21
    Deleuze and Heidegger on Truth And Science.Michael James Bennett - 2018 - Open Philosophy 1 (1):173-190.
    Deleuze and Guattari’s manner of distinguishing science from philosophy in their last collaboration What is Philosophy? seems to imply a hierarchy, according to which philosophy is more adequate to the reality of virtual events than science is. This suggests, in turn, that philosophy has a better claim than science to truth. This paper clarifies Deleuze‘s views about truth throughout his career. Deleuze equivocates over the term, using it in an “originary” and a “derived” sense, probably under the influence of Henri (...)
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  27.  25
    ‘To Give an Outsider an Idea of What It Could Be Like’: A Case Study of the Creative Representation of Hearing Voices.Michael Flavin & Bethany James - 2018 - Arts and Humanities in Higher Education 17 (1):134-147.
    This paper reports on a case study which aims to recreate the hearing voices symptom in schizophrenia. The case study was submitted for a co-curricular module at King’s College London by a first-year undergraduate Music student, Bethany James, and was created using the web application, Mahara. The core of the case study consists of a soundscape of both everyday and unusual sounds, in conjunction with an original musical composition. The paper describes the case study and discusses it using chaos (...)
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  28.  21
    Bergson’s Environmental Aesthetic.Michael James Bennett - 2012 - Environmental Philosophy 9 (2):67-94.
    This paper investigates the connection between Henri Bergson’s biological epistemology and his moral theory. Specifically, it examines the distinction between the morality of what Bergson calls “closed” and “open” societies in his late work Two Sources of Morality and Religion. I argue that “open” morality provides the moral correlate of a non-instrumentalizing orientation toward nature. Here Bergson’s thought is disposed toward a very specific kind of environmental ethic, an aesthetic one. Bergson’s characterization of open morality, especially in the image of (...)
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  29.  17
    Deleuze and Epicurean Philosophy: Atomic Speed and Swerve Speed.Michael James Bennett - 2013 - Journal of French and Francophone Philosophy 21 (2):131-157.
    This paper reconstructs Gilles Deleuze’s interpretation of Epicurean atomism, and explicates his claim that it represents a problematic idea, similar to the idea exemplified in early, “barbaric” accounts of the differential calculus. Deleuzian problematic ideas are characterized by a mechanism through whose activity the components of the idea become determinate in relating reciprocally to one another, rather than in being determined exclusively in relation to an extrinsic paradigm or framework. In Epicurean atomism, as Deleuze reads it, such a mechanism of (...)
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  30.  53
    Deleuze and Evolutionary Theory.Michael James Bennett & Tano S. Posteraro (eds.) - 2019 - Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
    Deleuze and Evolutionary Theory gathers together contributions by many of the central theorists in Deleuze studies who have led the way in breaking down the boundaries between philosophical and biological research. They focus on the significance of Deleuze and Guattari’s engagements with evolutionary theory across the full range of their work, from the interpretation of Darwin in Difference and Repetition to the symbiotic alliances of wasp and orchid in A Thousand Plateaus. In this way, they explore the anthropological, social and (...)
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  31.  12
    Texts and Icons in Heidegger's Metaphysical Tradition.Michael James Bennett - 2012 - Diacritics 40 (2):26-49.
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  32.  10
    Michael James Inwood, A Hegel Dictionary. [REVIEW]Richard Gervais - 1995 - Dialogue 34 (1):169-.
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  33.  16
    The Last Word. Why the Timing of the World’s Religious Writings Matters.Michael James Fantus - 2019 - Open Journal of Philosophy 9 (2):252-264.
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  34.  15
    Identifying the Nature of Shamanism.Michael James Winkelman - 2018 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 41.
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  35.  7
    Fuzzy Ethics.Michael James Heron & Pauline Belford - 2015 - Acm Sigcas Computers and Society 45 (4):4-6.
    The recent death of a Volkswagen worker at the hand of a factory robot has resulted in a number of editorials and opinion pieces discussing moral responsibility and robots. In this short response piece we outline some of the wider context of this discussion, with reference to the classic ethical study the Case of the Killer Robot. We argue that there is a growing need for the field of computer ethics to consider with some urgency what it means to be (...)
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  36.  44
    James D. Marshall: Philosopher of Education Interview with Michael A. Peters.Michael A. Peters - 2005 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 37 (3):291–297.
  37.  52
    Reimagining the New Pedagogical Possibilities for Universities Post-Covid-19.Michael A. Peters, Fazal Rizvi, Gary McCulloch, Paul Gibbs, Radhika Gorur, Moon Hong, Yoonjung Hwang, Lew Zipin, Marie Brennan, Susan Robertson, John Quay, Justin Malbon, Danilo Taglietti, Ronald Barnett, Wang Chengbing, Peter McLaren, Rima Apple, Marianna Papastephanou, Nick Burbules, Liz Jackson, Pankaj Jalote, Mary Kalantzis, Bill Cope, Aslam Fataar, James Conroy, Greg Misiaszek, Gert Biesta, Petar Jandrić, Suzanne S. Choo, Michael Apple, Lynda Stone, Rob Tierney, Marek Tesar, Tina Besley & Lauren Misiaszek - forthcoming - Educational Philosophy and Theory:1-44.
    Michael A. Petersa and Fazal Rizvib aBeijing Normal University, Beijing, PR China; bMelbourne University, Melbourne, Australia Our minds are still racing back and forth, longing for a return to ‘no...
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  38.  48
    Frontal Theta as a Mechanism for Cognitive Control.James F. Cavanagh & Michael J. Frank - 2014 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 18 (8):414-421.
  39.  16
    Anhedonia in Prolonged Schizophrenia Spectrum Patients with Relatively Lower Vs. Higher Levels of Depression Disorders: Associations with Deficits in Social Cognition and Metacognition.Kelly D. Buck, Hamish J. McLeod, Andrew Gumley, Giancarlo Dimaggio, Benjamin E. Buck, Kyle S. Minor, Alison V. James & Paul H. Lysaker - 2014 - Consciousness and Cognition 29:68-75.
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  40.  19
    Will Technology Help Us Transcend the Human Condition?Michael Hauskeller & Kyle McNease - 2017 - The Philosophers' Magazine 79:74-78.
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  41. Exploring the Process of Ethical Leadership: The Mediating Role of Employee Voice and Psychological Ownership. [REVIEW]James B. Avey, Tara S. Wernsing & Michael E. Palanski - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 107 (1):21-34.
    The study of ethical leadership has emerged as an important topic for understanding the effects of leadership in organizations. In a study with 845 working adults across multiple organizations, the relationships between ethical leadership with positive employee outcomes were examined. Results suggest that ethical leadership is related to both psychological well-being and job satisfaction in employees, but the processes are different. Employee voice mediated the relationship between ethical leadership and psychological well-being. Feelings of psychological ownership mediated the relationship between ethical (...)
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  42.  69
    When Leadership Goes Unnoticed: The Moderating Role of Follower Self-Esteem on the Relationship Between Ethical Leadership and Follower Behavior. [REVIEW]James B. Avey, Michael E. Palanski & Fred O. Walumbwa - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 98 (4):573 - 582.
    The authors examined the effects of ethical leadership on follower organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) and deviant behavior. Drawing upon research related to the behavioral plasticity hypothesis, the authors examined a moderating role of follower self-esteem in these relationships. Results from a field study revealed that ethical leadership is positively related to follower OCB and negatively related to deviance. We found that these relationships are moderated by followers' self-esteem, such that the relationships between ethical leadership and OCB as well as between (...)
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  43.  12
    A Hegel Dictionary Michael James Inwood Collection «The Blackwell Philosopher Dictionaries» Oxford, Basil Blackwell, 1992, 347 P. [REVIEW]Richard Gervais - 1995 - Dialogue 34 (1):169-171.
  44.  10
    Himalayan Voices: An Introduction to Modern Nepali Literature.W. L. Smith & Michael James Hutt - 1993 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 113 (1):164.
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  45.  89
    Laboratory Models, Causal Explanation and Group Selection.James R. Griesemer & Michael J. Wade - 1988 - Biology and Philosophy 3 (1):67-96.
    We develop an account of laboratory models, which have been central to the group selection controversy. We compare arguments for group selection in nature with Darwin's arguments for natural selection to argue that laboratory models provide important grounds for causal claims about selection. Biologists get information about causes and cause-effect relationships in the laboratory because of the special role their own causal agency plays there. They can also get information about patterns of effects and antecedent conditions in nature. But to (...)
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  46.  35
    The Effects of Ethical Leadership and Abusive Supervision on Job Search Behaviors in the Turnover Process.Michael Palanski, James B. Avey & Napatsorn Jiraporn - 2014 - Journal of Business Ethics 121 (1):1-12.
    Drawing upon the unfolding model of turnover and the dual-process theory of information processing, we examined the roles which ethical leadership and abusive supervision play in the turnover process. The central conclusion of this study is that ethical leadership influences job satisfaction, which then influences intentions to quit, which then impacts job search behaviors. Conversely, abusive supervision, which is the conceptual opposite of ethical leadership, has a negative influence on job satisfaction with corresponding impacts on intentions to quit and job (...)
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  47. Is Grounding a Hyperintensional Phenomenon?Michael Duncan, Kristie Miller & James Norton - 2017 - Analytic Philosophy 58 (4):297-329.
    It is widely thought that grounding is a hyperintensional phenomenon. Unfortunately, the term ‘hyperintensionality’ has been doing double-duty, picking out two distinct phenomena. This paper clears up this conceptual confusion. We call the two resulting notions hyperintensionalityGRND and hyperintensionalityTRAD. While it is clear that grounding is hyperintensionalGRND, the interesting question is whether it is hyperintensionalTRAD. We argue that given well-accepted constraints on the logical form of grounding, to wit, that grounding is irreflexive and asymmetric, grounding is hyperintensionalTRAD only if one (...)
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  48.  90
    The Six Most Essential Questions in Psychiatric Diagnosis: A Pluralogue Part 1: Conceptual and Definitional Issues in Psychiatric Diagnosis. [REVIEW]James Phillips, Allen Frances, Michael A. Cerullo, John Chardavoyne, Hannah S. Decker, Michael B. First, Nassir Ghaemi, Gary Greenberg, Andrew C. Hinderliter, Warren A. Kinghorn, Steven G. LoBello, Elliott B. Martin, Aaron L. Mishara, Joel Paris, Joseph M. Pierre, Ronald W. Pies, Harold A. Pincus, Douglas Porter, Claire Pouncey, Michael A. Schwartz, Thomas Szasz, Jerome C. Wakefield, G. Scott Waterman, Owen Whooley & Peter Zachar - 2012 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 7:1-29.
    In face of the multiple controversies surrounding the DSM process in general and the development of DSM-5 in particular, we have organized a discussion around what we consider six essential questions in further work on the DSM. The six questions involve: 1) the nature of a mental disorder; 2) the definition of mental disorder; 3) the issue of whether, in the current state of psychiatric science, DSM-5 should assume a cautious, conservative posture or an assertive, transformative posture; 4) the role (...)
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  49.  24
    Eye Tracking and Pupillometry Are Indicators of Dissociable Latent Decision Processes.James F. Cavanagh, Thomas V. Wiecki, Angad Kochar & Michael J. Frank - 2014 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 143 (4):1476-1488.
  50.  6
    The Need for Social Ethics in Interdisciplinary Environmental Science Graduate Programs: Results From a Nation-Wide Survey in the United States.Sean Valles, Kyle Whyte, Zach Piso, Michael O’Rourke, Jesse Engebretson & Troy Hall - 2017 - Science and Engineering Ethics 23 (2):565-588.
    Professionals in environmental fields engage with complex problems that involve stakeholders with different values, different forms of knowledge, and contentious decisions. There is increasing recognition of the need to train graduate students in interdisciplinary environmental science programs in these issues, which we refer to as “social ethics.” A literature review revealed topics and skills that should be included in such training, as well as potential challenges and barriers. From this review, we developed an online survey, which we administered to faculty (...)
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