Results for 'L. A. I. Aaron'

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  1.  79
    Can Familism Be Justified?Kam-Yuen Cheng, Thomas Ming & L. A. I. Aaron - 2012 - Bioethics 26 (8):431-439.
    This paper argues against the continued practice of Confucian familism, even in its moderate form, in East Asian hospitals. According to moderate familism, a physician acting in concert with the patient's family may withhold diagnostic information from the patient, and may give it to the patient's family members without her prior approval. There are two main approaches to defend moderate familism: one argues that it can uphold patient's autonomy and protect her best interests; the other appeals to cultural relativism by (...)
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  2.  18
    Are Delusions Biologically Adaptive? Salvaging the Doxastic Shear Pin.Aaron L. Mishara & Phil Corlett - 2009 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (6):530-531.
    In their target article, McKay & Dennett (M&D) conclude that only are adaptive misbeliefs. Relying on overly strict conceptual schisms (deficit vs. motivational, functional vs. organic, perception vs. belief), they prematurely discount delusions as biologically adaptive. In contrast to their view that plays a psychological but not a biological function in a two-factor model of the forming and maintenance of delusions, we propose a single impairment in prediction-error–driven (i.e., motivational) learning in three stages in which delusions play a biologically adaptive (...)
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  3.  82
    Kafka, Paranoic Doubles and the Brain: Hypnagogic Vs. Hyper-Reflexive Models of Disrupted Self in Neuropsychiatric Disorders and Anomalous Conscious States. [REVIEW]Aaron L. Mishara - 2010 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 5:13.
    Kafka's writings are frequently interpreted as representing the historical period of modernism in which he was writing. Little attention has been paid, however, to the possibility that his writings may reflect neural mechanisms in the processing of self during hypnagogic (i.e., between waking and sleep) states. Kafka suffered from dream-like, hypnagogic hallucinations during a sleep-deprived state while writing. This paper discusses reasons (phenomenological and neurobiological) why the self projects an imaginary double (autoscopy) in its spontaneous hallucinations and how Kafka's writings (...)
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  4.  36
    Stepping Into a Map: Initial Heading Direction Influences Spatial Memory Flexibility.Stephanie A. Gagnon, Tad T. Brunyé, Aaron Gardony, Matthijs L. Noordzij, Caroline R. Mahoney & Holly A. Taylor - 2014 - Cognitive Science 38 (2):275-302.
    Learning a novel environment involves integrating first-person perceptual and motoric experiences with developing knowledge about the overall structure of the surroundings. The present experiments provide insights into the parallel development of these egocentric and allocentric memories by intentionally conflicting body- and world-centered frames of reference during learning, and measuring outcomes via online and offline measures. Results of two experiments demonstrate faster learning and increased memory flexibility following route perspective reading (Experiment 1) and virtual navigation (Experiment 2) when participants begin exploring (...)
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  5.  49
    New Books. [REVIEW]R. I. Aaron, L. J. Russell, S. V. Keeling, H. J. Paton, W. D. Lamont, T. E. Jessop, V. W. & A. C. Ewing - 1930 - Mind 39 (155):376-394.
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  6.  75
    Metaphysics and the Vera Causa Ideal: The Nun’s Priest’s Tale.Aaron Novick - 2017 - Erkenntnis 82 (5):1161-1176.
    L.A. Paul has recently defended the methodology of metaphysics on the grounds that it is continuous with the sciences. She claims that both scientists and metaphysicians use inference to the best explanation to choose between competing theories, and that the success of science vindicates the use of IBE in metaphysics. Specifically, the success of science shows that the theoretical virtues are truth-conducive. I challenge Paul’s claims on two grounds. First, I argue that, at least in biology, scientists adhere to the (...)
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  7.  87
    The Six Most Essential Questions in Psychiatric Diagnosis: A Pluralogue Part 1: Conceptual and Definitional Issues in Psychiatric Diagnosis. [REVIEW]James Phillips, Allen Frances, Michael A. Cerullo, John Chardavoyne, Hannah S. Decker, Michael B. First, Nassir Ghaemi, Gary Greenberg, Andrew C. Hinderliter, Warren A. Kinghorn, Steven G. LoBello, Elliott B. Martin, Aaron L. Mishara, Joel Paris, Joseph M. Pierre, Ronald W. Pies, Harold A. Pincus, Douglas Porter, Claire Pouncey, Michael A. Schwartz, Thomas Szasz, Jerome C. Wakefield, G. Scott Waterman, Owen Whooley & Peter Zachar - 2012 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 7:1-29.
    In face of the multiple controversies surrounding the DSM process in general and the development of DSM-5 in particular, we have organized a discussion around what we consider six essential questions in further work on the DSM. The six questions involve: 1) the nature of a mental disorder; 2) the definition of mental disorder; 3) the issue of whether, in the current state of psychiatric science, DSM-5 should assume a cautious, conservative posture or an assertive, transformative posture; 4) the role (...)
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  8.  73
    The Primacy of Fact Perception.Aaron Allen Schiller - 2012 - Philosophical Psychology 25 (4):575 - 593.
    After outlining an enactive account of fact perception, I consider J. L. Austin's discussion of the argument from illusion. From it I draw the conclusion that when fact perception is primary the objects perceived are those involved in the fact. A consideration of Adelson's checkershadow illusion shows that properties as basic as luminance are perceived in the contexts of facts as well. I thus conclude that when facts are perceived they structure our perception of objects and properties. I then argue (...)
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  9. The Six Most Essential Questions in Psychiatric Diagnosis: A Pluralogue Part 2: Issues of Conservatism and Pragmatism in Psychiatric Diagnosis. [REVIEW]James Phillips, Allen Frances, Michael A. Cerullo, John Chardavoyne, Hannah S. Decker, Michael B. First, Nassir Ghaemi, Gary Greenberg, Andrew C. Hinderliter, Warren A. Kinghorn, Steven G. LoBello, Elliott B. Martin, Aaron L. Mishara, Joel Paris, Joseph M. Pierre, Ronald W. Pies, Harold A. Pincus, Douglas Porter, Claire Pouncey, Michael A. Schwartz, Thomas Szasz, Jerome C. Wakefield, G. Waterman, Owen Whooley & Peter Zachar - 2012 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 7:8-.
    In face of the multiple controversies surrounding the DSM process in general and the development of DSM-5 in particular, we have organized a discussion around what we consider six essential questions in further work on the DSM. The six questions involve: 1) the nature of a mental disorder; 2) the definition of mental disorder; 3) the issue of whether, in the current state of psychiatric science, DSM-5 should assume a cautious, conservative posture or an assertive, transformative posture; 4) the role (...)
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  10.  73
    The Six Most Essential Questions in Psychiatric Diagnosis: A Pluralogue. Part 4: General Conclusion.James Phillips, Allen Frances, Michael A. Cerullo, John Chardavoyne, Hannah S. Decker, Michael B. First, Nassir Ghaemi, Gary Greenberg, Andrew C. Hinderliter, Warren A. Kinghorn, Steven G. LoBello, Elliott B. Martin, Aaron L. Mishara, Joel Paris, Joseph M. Pierre, Ronald W. Pies, Harold A. Pincus, Douglas Porter, Claire Pouncey, Michael A. Schwartz, Thomas Szasz, Jerome C. Wakefield, G. Scott Waterman, Owen Whooley & Peter Zachar - 2012 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 7:14-.
    In the conclusion to this multi-part article I first review the discussions carried out around the six essential questions in psychiatric diagnosis – the position taken by Allen Frances on each question, the commentaries on the respective question along with Frances’ responses to the commentaries, and my own view of the multiple discussions. In this review I emphasize that the core question is the first – what is the nature of psychiatric illness – and that in some manner all further (...)
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  11. Sunnifying ʿAlī: Historiography and Notions of Rebellion in Ibn Kathīr’s Kitāb Al-Bidāya Wa-L-Nihāya.Aaron Hagler - 2020 - Der Islam: Journal of the History and Culture of the Middle East 97 (1):203-232.
    In the era of the “Sunnī Revival” and the couple of centuries following, scholars engaged in a large historiographical project aimed at rehabilitating the reputation of the Umayyad dynasty and Syria’s role in the early Islamic narrative. One of Ibn Kathīr’s historiographical missions in his history Kitāb al-Bidāya wa-l-nihāya was specifically the defense of the Companions of the Prophet. As such, the narrative of ʿAlī ibn Abī Ṭālib required some manipulation to answer Shīʿī narratives that cast some of the most (...)
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  12.  5
    Principles for Creating a Single Authoritative List of the World’s Species.Stephen Garnett, Les Christidis, Stijn Conix, Mark J. Costello, Frank E. Zachos, Olaf S. Bánki, Yiming Bao, Saroj K. Barik, John S. Buckeridge, Donald Hobern, Aaron Lien, Narelle Montgomery, Svetlana Nikolaeva, Richard L. Pyle, Scott A. Thomson, Peter Paul van Dijk, Anthony Whalen, Zhi-Qiang Zhang & Kevin R. Thiele - 2020 - PLoS Biology 18 (7):e3000736.
    Lists of species underpin many fields of human endeavour, but there are currently no universally accepted principles for deciding which biological species should be accepted when there are alternative taxonomic treatments (and, by extension, which scientific names should be applied to those species). As improvements in information technology make it easier to communicate, access, and aggregate biodiversity information, there is a need for a framework that helps taxonomists and the users of taxonomy decide which taxa and names should be used (...)
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  13.  5
    R. I. Aaron. Our Knowledge of Universale. Proceedings of the British Academy, Vol. 31. Published Also as a Separate Pamphlet by Humphry Milford, London1945, 28 Pp. [REVIEW]Charles A. Baylis - 1950 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 14 (4):254-254.
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  14.  20
    Why the Lotus Siitra?-On the Historic Significance of Tendai.L. A. I. Whalen - 1987 - Japanese Journal of Religious Studies 1412:3.
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  15. II—L. A. Paul: Categorical Priority and Categorical Collapse.L. A. Paul - 2013 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 87 (1):89-113.
    I explore some of the ways that assumptions about the nature of substance shape metaphysical debates about the structure of Reality. Assumptions about the priority of substance play a role in an argument for monism, are embedded in certain pluralist metaphysical treatments of laws of nature, and are central to discussions of substantivalism and relationalism. I will then argue that we should reject such assumptions and collapse the categorical distinction between substance and property.
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  16.  7
    Symposium: The Causal Argument for Physical Objects.A. C. Ewing, R. I. Aaron & D. MacNabb - 1945 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 19 (1):32 - 100.
  17. Symposium: The Causal Argument for Physical Objects.A. C. Ewing & R. I. Aaron - 1945 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, Supplementary Volumes( 19:32-100.
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  18. The Causal Argument for Physical Objects.A. C. Ewing, R. I. Aaron & D. Macnabb - 1945 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 19:32-100.
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  19.  7
    Learning From the Confucians: Learning From the Past.L. A. I. L. - 2008 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 35 (1):97–119.
  20.  20
    Philosophy and Philosophical Reasoning in the Zhuangzi: Dealing with Plurality.L. A. I. Lynne - 2006 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 33 (3):365–374.
  21.  17
    John Locke. By R. I. Aaron. (London: Oxford University Press, Humphrey Milford. 1937. Pp. Ix + 328. Price 12s. 6d.).A. C. Ewing - 1937 - Philosophy 12 (48):478-.
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  22.  1
    Review: R. I. Aaron, Our Knowledge of Universals. [REVIEW]Charles A. Baylis - 1950 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 14 (4):254-254.
  23.  7
    The Mismeasure of Memory: When Retrieval Fluency is Misleading as a Metamnemonic Index.Aaron S. Benjamin, Robert A. Bjork & Bennett L. Schwartz - 1998 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 127 (1):55-68.
  24.  17
    The Model< I> N=∪{< I> L_[A]:< I> A Countable Set of Ordinals}.Claude Sureson - 1987 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 36:289-313.
  25.  8
    High-Energy X-Ray Diffraction Studies of I-Sc12Zn88.A. I. Goldman, A. Kreyssig, S. Nandi, M. G. Kim, M. L. Caudle & P. C. Canfield - 2011 - Philosophical Magazine 91 (19-21):2427-2433.
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  26.  34
    Response to “Intrafamilial Organ Donation Is Often an Altruistic Act” by Aaron Spital and “Donor Benefit Is the Key to Justified Living Organ Donation,” by Aaron Spital : Reply to Glannon and Ross. [REVIEW]Aaron Spital - 2005 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 14 (2):195-198.
    According to Glannon and Ross, for an act to be considered altruistic, it cannot be obligatory nor motivated by expectation of self-reward. Given that parents are obligated to help their children and stand to benefit greatly from donating, the authors conclude that parent to child organ donation is not altruistic. Are they correct? I am not sure. In my view, this is a semantic question and the answer depends upon how one defines altruism. Altruism is a complex subject that means (...)
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  27. A Critical Reconsideration of the Ethos and Autonomy of Science.Aaron L. Panofsky - 2010 - In Craig J. Calhoun (ed.), Robert K. Merton: Sociology of Science and Sociology as Science. Columbia University Press.
     
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  28. The Computer Revolution in Philosophy: Philosophy, Science and Models of Mind.Aaron Sloman - 1978 - Hassocks UK: Harvester Press.
    Extract from Hofstadter's revew in Bulletin of American Mathematical Society : http://www.ams.org/journals/bull/1980-02-02/S0273-0979-1980-14752-7/S0273-0979-1980-14752-7.pdf -/- "Aaron Sloman is a man who is convinced that most philosophers and many other students of mind are in dire need of being convinced that there has been a revolution in that field happening right under their noses, and that they had better quickly inform themselves. The revolution is called "Artificial Intelligence" (Al)-and Sloman attempts to impart to others the "enlighten- ment" which he clearly regrets not (...)
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  29.  21
    Concept Determination of Human Dignity.M. Edlund, L. Lindwall, I. V. Post & U. A. Lindstrom - 2013 - Nursing Ethics 20 (8):851-860.
    This study presents findings from an ontological and contextual determination of the concept of dignity. The study had a caritative and caring science perspective and a hermeneutical design. The aim of this study was to increase caring science knowledge of dignity and to gain a determination of dignity as a concept. Eriksson’s model for conceptual determination is made up of five part-studies. The ontological and contextual determination indicates that dignity can be understood as absolute dignity, the spiritual dimension characterized by (...)
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  30.  12
    Is Minimal Self Preserved in Schizophrenia? A Subcomponents View☆.Aaron L. Mishara - 2007 - Consciousness and Cognition 16 (3):715-721.
  31.  70
    Ethical Challenges with the Left Ventricular Assist Device as a Destination Therapy.Aaron G. Rizzieri, Joseph L. Verheijde, Mohamed Y. Rady & Joan L. McGregor - 2008 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 3:1-15.
    The left ventricular assist device was originally designed to be surgically implanted as a bridge to transplantation for patients with chronic end-stage heart failure. On the basis of the REMATCH trial, the US Food and Drug Administration and the US Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services approved permanent implantation of the left ventricular assist device as a destination therapy in Medicare beneficiaries who are not candidates for heart transplantation. The use of the left ventricular assist device as a destination therapy (...)
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  32.  36
    Introduction to Jewish and Catholic Bioethics: A Comparative Analysis.Aaron L. Mackler - 2003 - Georgetown University Press.
    " This book has been carefully crafted in that spirit.
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  33. Towards a Realistic Jurisprudence; a Criticism of the Dualism in Law.Alf Ross & Annie I. Fausbøl - 1946 - E. Munksgaard.
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  34.  20
    The Effects of Instructors' Autonomy Support and Students' Autonomous Motivation on Learning Organic Chemistry: A Self‐Determination Theory Perspective.Aaron E. Black & Edward L. Deci - 2000 - Science Education 84 (6):740-756.
  35.  37
    Field Analysis and Interdisciplinary Science: Scientific Capital Exchange in Behavior Genetics.Aaron L. Panofsky - 2011 - Minerva 49 (3):295-316.
    This paper uses Pierre Bourdieu’s field theory to develop tools for analyzing interdisciplinary scientific fields. Interdisciplinary fields are scientific spaces where no single form of scientific capital has a monopoly and therefore multiple forms of scientific capital constitute the structures and stakes of scientific competition. Scientists compete to accumulate and define forms of scientific capital and also to set the rates of exchange between them. The paper illustrates this framework by applying it to the interdisciplinary field of behavior genetics. Most (...)
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  36.  3
    Kon-Tiki Experiments.Aaron Novick, Adrian M. Currie, Eden W. McQueen & Nathan L. Brouwer - 2020 - Philosophy of Science 87 (2):213-236.
    We identify a species of experiment—Kon-Tiki experiments—used to demonstrate the competence of a cause to produce a certain effect, and we examine their role in the historical sciences. We argue that Kon-Tiki experiments are used to test middle-range theory, to test assumptions within historical narratives, and to open new avenues of inquiry. We show how the results of Kon-Tiki experiments are involved in projective inferences, and we argue that reliance on projective inferences does not provide historical scientists with any special (...)
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  37.  76
    First Steps Toward a Psychopathology of "Common Sense&Quot.Wolfgang Blankenburg & Aaron L. Mishara - 2001 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 8 (4):303-315.
  38.  26
    Patient-targeted Googling and social media: a cross-sectional study of senior medical students.Aaron N. Chester, Susan E. Walthert, Stephen J. Gallagher, Lynley C. Anderson & Michael L. Stitely - 2017 - BMC Medical Ethics 18 (1):70.
    Social media and Internet technologies present several emerging and ill-explored issues for a modern healthcare workforce. One issue is patient-targeted Googling, which involves a healthcare professional using a social networking site or publicly available search engine to find patient information online. The study’s aim was to address a deficit in data and knowledge regarding PTG, and to investigate medical student use of SNSs due to a close association with PTG. The authors surveyed final year medical students at the Otago Medical (...)
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  39. Fuzzy Logic and Approximate Reasoning.L. A. Zadeh - 1975 - Synthese 30 (3-4):407-428.
    The term fuzzy logic is used in this paper to describe an imprecise logical system, FL, in which the truth-values are fuzzy subsets of the unit interval with linguistic labels such as true, false, not true, very true, quite true, not very true and not very false, etc. The truth-value set, , of FL is assumed to be generated by a context-free grammar, with a semantic rule providing a means of computing the meaning of each linguistic truth-value in as a (...)
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  40. The Definition of Euthanasia.T. L. Beauchamp & A. I. Davidson - 1979 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 4 (3):294-312.
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  41.  6
    Patient-Targeted Googling and Social Media: A Cross-Sectional Study of Senior Medical Students.Aaron N. Chester, Susan E. Walthert, Stephen J. Gallagher, Lynley C. Anderson & Michael L. Stitely - 2017 - BMC Medical Ethics 18 (1):1-8.
    Background Social media and Internet technologies present several emerging and ill-explored issues for a modern healthcare workforce. One issue is patient-targeted Googling, which involves a healthcare professional using a social networking site or publicly available search engine to find patient information online. The study’s aim was to address a deficit in data and knowledge regarding PTG, and to investigate medical student use of SNSs due to a close association with PTG. Method The authors surveyed final year medical students at the (...)
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  42.  27
    The Nature of Knowing. By R. I. Aaron M.A., D.Phil. (London: Williams & Norgate Ltd. 1930. Pp. 154. Price 7s. 6d.).C. E. M. Joad - 1930 - Philosophy 5 (19):474-.
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  43. The Worm at the Root of the Passions: Poetry and Sympathy in Mill's Utilitarianism: L. A. Paul.L. A. Paul - 1998 - Utilitas 10 (1):83-104.
    I claim that Mill has a theory of poetry which he uses to reconcile nineteenth century associationist psychology, the tendency of the intellect to dissolve associations, and the need for educated members of society to desire utilitarian ends. The heart of the argument is that Mill thinks reading poetry encourages us to feel the feelings of others, and thus to develop pleasurable associations with the pleasurable feelings of others and painful associations with the painful feelings of others. Once the associations (...)
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  44.  9
    Knowing and the Function of Reason. By Richard I. Aaron. (Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1971, X + 274 Pp., £3.50). [REVIEW]A. C. Ewing - 1972 - Philosophy 47 (182):379-.
  45.  6
    Aristotle's De Partibus Animalium. Critical and Literary Commentaries. By I. Düring. Pp. 223. Göteborg: Göteborg University Press, 1943. Krs. 10. [REVIEW]A. L. Peck & I. During - 1945 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 65 (73):130-132.
  46.  4
    L Think I'll Be a Plant Myself: The Semiotics of Rousseau's Botanical Practice.Gerard J. van den Broek - 1990 - Semiotica 79 (1-2):79-124.
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  47.  22
    Computational Modelling of Motive-Management Processes.A. Sloman, L. Beaudouin & I. Wright - 1994
    This is a 5 page summary with three diagrams of the main objectives and some work in progress at the University of Birmingham Cognition and Affect project. involving: Professor Glyn Humphreys (School of Psychology), and Luc Beaudoin, Chris Paterson, Tim Read, Edmund Shing, Ian Wright, Ahmed El-Shafei, and (from October 1994) Chris Complin (research students). The project is concerned with "global" design requirements for coping simultaneously with coexisting but possibly unrelated goals, desires, preferences, intentions, and other kinds of motivators, all (...)
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  48. AARON, R. I. -The Nature of Knowing. [REVIEW]L. J. Russell - 1931 - Mind 40:118.
     
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  49. Perception and the Categories: A Conceptualist Reading of Kant's Critique of Pure Reason.Aaron M. Griffith - 2012 - European Journal of Philosophy 20 (2):193-222.
    Abstract: Philosophers interested in Kant's relevance to contemporary debates over the nature of mental content—notably Robert Hanna and Lucy Allais—have argued that Kant ought to be credited with being the original proponent of the existence of ‘nonconceptual content’. However, I think the ‘nonconceptualist’ interpretations that Hanna and Allais give do not show that Kant allowed for nonconceptual content as they construe it. I argue, on the basis of an analysis of certain sections of the A and B editions of the (...)
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  50.  33
    A Bayesian Account of Psychopathy: A Model of Lacks Remorse and Self-Aggrandizing.Aaron Prosser, Karl Friston, Nathan Bakker & Thomas Parr - 2018 - Computational Psychiatry 2:92-140.
    This article proposes a formal model that integrates cognitive and psychodynamic psychotherapeutic models of psychopathy to show how two major psychopathic traits called lacks remorse and self-aggrandizing can be understood as a form of abnormal Bayesian inference about the self. This model draws on the predictive coding (i.e., active inference) framework, a neurobiologically plausible explanatory framework for message passing in the brain that is formalized in terms of hierarchical Bayesian inference. In summary, this model proposes that these two cardinal psychopathic (...)
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