Results for 'L. A. Zhivotovsky'

1000+ found
Order:
  1.  35
    Consanguinity, Caste and Deaf-Mutism in Punjab, 1921.A. H. Bittles, S. G. Sullivan & L. A. Zhivotovsky - 2004 - Journal of Biosocial Science 36 (2):221-234.
    The effects of religion, population sub-division and geography on the prevalence of deaf-mutism were investigated using information collected in the 1921 Census of Punjab. The total sample size was 9·36 million, and comprised data on thirteen Hindu castes, seventeen Muslim biraderis and two Sikh castes. A two-way analysis of variance comparing males in Hindu castes in which consanguineous marriage was prohibited, with males in Muslim biraderis which favoured first cousin marriage, indicated major differences with respect to the patterns of deaf-mutism (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  2.  12
    On the Complexity of Cultural Transmission and Evolution.Marcus W. Feldman, Luigi L. Cavalli-Sforza & Lev A. Zhivotovsky - forthcoming - Complexity.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  3. II—L. A. Paul: Categorical Priority and Categorical Collapse.L. A. Paul - 2013 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 87 (1):89-113.
    I explore some of the ways that assumptions about the nature of substance shape metaphysical debates about the structure of Reality. Assumptions about the priority of substance play a role in an argument for monism, are embedded in certain pluralist metaphysical treatments of laws of nature, and are central to discussions of substantivalism and relationalism. I will then argue that we should reject such assumptions and collapse the categorical distinction between substance and property.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  4. A One Category Ontology.L. A. Paul - forthcoming - In John A. Keller (ed.), Being, Freedom, and Method: Themes From the Philosophy of Peter van Inwagen. Oxford University Press.
    I defend a one category ontology: an ontology that denies that we need more than one fundamental category to support the ontological structure of the world. Categorical fundamentality is understood in terms of the metaphysically prior, as that in which everything else in the world consists. One category ontologies are deeply appealing, because their ontological simplicity gives them an unmatched elegance and spareness. I’m a fan of a one category ontology that collapses the distinction between particular and property, replacing it (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   22 citations  
  5. Post, L. A., Notes on Paper by, Notes 6, 8, 10.L. A. Post - 1932 - Classical World: A Quarterly Journal on Antiquity 26:34.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  6. Post, L. A., Notes on Paper by, N. 17.L. A. Post - 1932 - Classical World: A Quarterly Journal on Antiquity 26:36.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  7. Post, L. A., Notes on Paper by, Notes 6, 8, 10.L. A. Post - 1932 - Classical Weekly 26:34.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  8. Post, L. A., Notes on Paper by, N. 17.L. A. Post - 1932 - Classical Weekly 26:36.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  9. H.L.A. Hart y El Concepto de Derecho.H. L. A. Hart & Agustín Squella - 1986 - Universidad de Valparaiso.
    No categories
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  10.  23
    Causation: A User’s Guide.L. A. Paul & Ned Hall - 2013 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Causation is at once familiar and mysterious. Neither common sense nor extensive philosophical debate has led us to anything like agreement on the correct analysis of the concept of causation, or an account of the metaphysical nature of the causal relation. Causation: A User's Guide cuts a clear path through this confusing but vital landscape. L. A. Paul and Ned Hall guide the reader through the most important philosophical treatments of causation, negotiating the terrain by taking a set of examples (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   83 citations  
  11. Building the World From its Fundamental Constituents.L. A. Paul - 2012 - Philosophical Studies 158 (2):221-256.
    In this paper, I argue that the spatiotemporalist approach way of modeling the fundamental constituents, structure, and composition of the world has taken a wrong turn. Spatiotemporalist approaches to fundamental structure take the fundamental nature of the world to be spatiotemporal: they take the category of spatiotemporal to be fundamental. I argue that the debates over the nature of the fundamental space in the physics show us that (i) the fact that it is conceivable that the manifest world could be (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   74 citations  
  12. Metaphysics as Modeling: The Handmaiden’s Tale.L. A. Paul - 2012 - Philosophical Studies 160 (1):1-29.
    Critics of contemporary metaphysics argue that it attempts to do the hard work of science from the ease of the armchair. Physics, not metaphysics, tells us about the fundamental facts of the world, and empirical psychology is best placed to reveal the content of our concepts about the world. Exploring and understanding the world through metaphysical reflection is obsolete. In this paper, I will show why this critique of metaphysics fails, arguing that metaphysical methods used to make claims about the (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   102 citations  
  13.  56
    Epistemics & Economics: A Critique of Economic Doctrines. G. L. S. Shackle.L. A. Boland - 1974 - Philosophy of Science 41 (4):424-426.
  14.  19
    Issues in Contemporary Legal Philosophy: The Influence of H.L.A. Hart.H. L. A. Hart & Ruth Gavison (eds.) - 1987 - Oxford University Press.
    This is a collection of essays on themes of legal philosophy which have all been generated or affected by Hart's work. The topics covered include legal theory, responsibility, and enforcement of morals, with contributions from Ronald Dworkin, Rolf Sartorius, Neil MacCormach, David Lyons, Kent Greenawalt, Michael Moore, Joseph Raz, and C.L. Ten, among others.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  15. The Worm at the Root of the Passions: Poetry and Sympathy in Mill's Utilitarianism: L. A. Paul.L. A. Paul - 1998 - Utilitas 10 (1):83-104.
    I claim that Mill has a theory of poetry which he uses to reconcile nineteenth century associationist psychology, the tendency of the intellect to dissolve associations, and the need for educated members of society to desire utilitarian ends. The heart of the argument is that Mill thinks reading poetry encourages us to feel the feelings of others, and thus to develop pleasurable associations with the pleasurable feelings of others and painful associations with the painful feelings of others. Once the associations (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  16. Transformative Experience.L. A. Paul - 2014 - Oxford University Press.
    How should we make choices when we know so little about our futures? L. A. Paul argues that we must view life decisions as choices to make discoveries about the nature of experience. Her account of transformative experience holds that part of the value of living authentically is to experience our lives and preferences in whatever ways they evolve.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   147 citations  
  17. What You Can't Expect When You're Expecting'.L. A. Paul - 2015 - Res Philosophica 92 (2):1-23.
    It seems natural to choose whether to have a child by reflecting on what it would be like to actually have a child. I argue that this natural approach fails. If you choose to become a parent, and your choice is based on projections about what you think it would be like for you to have a child, your choice is not rational. If you choose to remain childless, and your choice is based upon projections about what you think it (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   55 citations  
  18. Transformative Choice: Discussion and Replies.L. A. Paul - 2015 - Res Philosophica 92 (2):473-545.
    In “What you can’t expect when you’re expecting,” I argue that, if you don’t know what it’s like to be a parent, you cannot make this decision rationally—at least, not if your decision is based on what you think it would be like for you to become a parent. My argument hinges on the idea that becoming a parent is a transformative experience. This unique type of experience often transforms people in a deep and personal sense, and in the process, (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   17 citations  
  19. Transformative Experience: Replies to Pettigrew, Barnes and Campbell.L. A. Paul - 2015 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 91 (3):794-813.
    Summary of Transformative Experience by L.A. Paul and replies to symposiasts. Discussion of undefined values, preference change, authenticity, experiential value, collective minds, mind control.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   17 citations  
  20. The Context of Essence.L. A. Paul - 2004 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 82 (1):170.
    I address two related questions: first, what is the best theory of how objects have de re modal properties? Second, what is the best defence of essentialism given the variability of our modal intuitions? I critically discuss several theories of how objects have their de re modal properties and address the most threatening antiessentialist objection to essentialism: the variability of our modal intuitions. Drawing on linguistic treatments of vagueness and ambiguity, I show how essentialists can accommodate the variability of modal (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   21 citations  
  21.  9
    The Wrath of Homer. By L. A. MacKay. Pp. Vii + 131. Toronto: University Press , 1948. 14s.R. D. Williams & L. A. MacKay - 1949 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 69:86-87.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  22.  60
    L'analyse du langage a Royaumont.A. -L. L. - 1958 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 148:257 - 259.
    No categories
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  23. Pelseneer , L'évolution de la notion de phénomène physique, des primitifs à Bohr et Louis de Broglie. [REVIEW]L. A. L. A. - 1958 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 148:102.
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  24. A New Role for Experimental Work in Metaphysics.L. A. Paul - 2010 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 1 (3):461-476.
    Recent work in philosophy could benefit from paying greater attention to empirical results from cognitive science involving judgments about the nature of our ordinary experience. This paper describes the way that experimental and theoretical results about the nature of ordinary judgments could—and should—inform certain sorts of enquiries in contemporary philosophy, using metaphysics as an exemplar, and hence defines a new way for experimental philosophy and cognitive science to contribute to traditional philosophical debates.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  25. Précis of Transformative Experience.L. A. Paul - 2015 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 91 (3):760-765.
    I summarize the main argument of Transformative Experience (OUP 2014). The book develops familiar examples from classical philosophical debates, as well as original examples, to argue that an agent’s decision to undergo a transformative experience—an experience constituted by radical personal and epistemic change for the agent—must either be authentic or irrational, but not both. The Precis of Transformative Experience walks the reader through the main ideas involved in epistemically and personally transformative experiences, the problems they pose for rational decision-making, and (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  26.  62
    H. L. A. Hart.Neil MacCormick - 1981 - Stanford University Press.
    Introduction HLA Hart: A biographical sketch Jurisprudence is the theoretical study of a practical subject. Its object is to achieve a systematic and ...
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   23 citations  
  27.  46
    Phantasy and Wish: A Proper Function Account for Human a-Rational Primary Process Mediated Mentation.L. A. W. Brakel - 2002 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 80 (1):1 – 16.
    (2002). Phantasy and Wish: A Proper Function Account for Human A-Rational Primary Process Mediated Mentation. Australasian Journal of Philosophy: Vol. 80, No. 1, pp. 1-16.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  28.  63
    De Se Preferences and Empathy for Future Selves.L. A. Paul - 2017 - Philosophical Perspectives 31 (1):7-39.
  29. Fuzzy Logic and Approximate Reasoning.L. A. Zadeh - 1975 - Synthese 30 (3-4):407-428.
    The term fuzzy logic is used in this paper to describe an imprecise logical system, FL, in which the truth-values are fuzzy subsets of the unit interval with linguistic labels such as true, false, not true, very true, quite true, not very true and not very false, etc. The truth-value set, , of FL is assumed to be generated by a context-free grammar, with a semantic rule providing a means of computing the meaning of each linguistic truth-value in as a (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   93 citations  
  30. Temporal Experience.L. A. Paul - 2010 - Journal of Philosophy 107 (7):333-359.
    The question I want to explore is whether experience supports an antireductionist ontology of time, that is, whether we should take it to support an ontology that includes a primitive, monadic property of nowness responsible for the special feel of events in the present, and a relation of passage that events instantiate in virtue of literally passing from the future, to the present, and then into the past.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   100 citations  
  31.  7
    Review: Angus Macintyre, L. Pacholski, J. Wierzejewski, A. J. Wilkie, Ramsey Quantifiers in Arithmetic; James H. Schmerl, Stephen G. Simpson, On the Role of Ramsey Quantifiers in First Order Arithmetic; Carl Morgenstern, On Generalized Quantifiers in Arithmetic. [REVIEW]L. A. S. Kirby - 1985 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 50 (4):1078-1079.
  32.  33
    Delusions: The Phenomenological Approach.L. A. Sass & E. Pienkos - 2013 - In K. W. M. Fulford (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy and Psychiatry. Oxford University Press. pp. 632--657.
    This chapter offers an overview of the phenomenological approach to delusions, emphasizing what Karl Jaspers called the "true delusions" of schizophrenia. Phenomenological psychopathology focuses on the experience of delusions and the delusional world. Several features of this approach are surveyed, including emphasis on formal qualities of subjective life and questioning of standard assumptions about delusions as erroneous belief. The altered modalities of world-oriented and self-oriented experience that precede and ground delusions in schizophrenia, especially the experiences of revelation that Klaus Conrad (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  33. The Concept of a Linguistic Variable and its Application to Approximate Reasoning.L. A. Zadeh - 1975 - Information Science 1.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   13 citations  
  34.  47
    Experience, Metaphysics, and Cognitive Science.L. A. Paul - 2016 - In Justin Sytsma & Wesley Buckwalter (eds.), Blackwell Companion to Experimental Philosophy. Wiley. pp. 419-433.
    This chapter presents an opinionated account of how to understand the contributions of experience, especially with respect to the role of cognitive science, in developing and assessing metaphysical theories of reality. I develop a methodological basis for the idea that, independently of work in experimental philosophy focused on explications of concepts, contemporary metaphysical theories with a role for experiential evidence can be fruitfully connected to empirical work in psychology, especially cognitive science. My argument is not that cognitive science should replace (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  35. In Defense of Essentialism.L. A. Paul - 2006 - Philosophical Perspectives 20 (1):333–372.
    If an object has a property essentially, it has that property in every possible world according to which it exists.2 If an object has a property accidentally, it does not have that property in every possible world according to which it exists. Claims about an object’s essential or accidental properties are de re modal claims, and essential and accidental properties are de re modal properties. Take an object’s modal profile to specify its essential properties and the range of its accidental (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  36.  17
    Angus Macintyre. Ramsey Quantifiers in Arithmetic. Model Theory of Algebra and Arithmetic, Proceedings of the Conference on Applications of Logic to Algebra and Arithmetic Held at Karpacz, Poland, September 1–7, 1979, Edited by L. Pacholski, J. Wierzejewski, and A. J. Wilkie, Lecture Notes in Mathematics, Vol. 834, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, and New York, 1980, Pp. 186–210. - James H. Schmerl and Stephen G. Simpson. On the Role of Ramsey Quantifiers in First Order Arithmetic. The Journal of Symbolic Logic, Vol. 47 , Pp. 423–435. - Carl Morgenstern. On Generalized Quantifiers in Arithmetic. The Journal of Symbolic Logic, Vol. 47 , Pp. 187–190. [REVIEW]L. A. S. Kirby - 1985 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 50 (4):1078-1079.
  37.  17
    A Volitional Account of Racist Beliefs, Contamination, and Objects.J. L. A. Garcia - 2018 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 92:59-85.
    Prof. Alberto Urquidez, in an important recent article that appears in different form in his book, Redefining Racism, offers an informed, sustained, careful, multi-pronged, and sometimes original critique of the volitional analysis of racism, which I have proposed in a series of articles over the past two dozen years. Here I expand and improve VAR’s analysis of paternalistic racists and their beliefs, clarify its ‘infection’-model’s explanation of racism’s spread and variety, and lay out what it is for something to be (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  38.  20
    Is Surgical Mystique a Myth and Double Standard the Reality?L. A. Michel - 2002 - Medical Humanities 28 (2):66-70.
    Clinically relevant attitudes and guidelines issued by a rational evidence based medicine (EBM) approach, integrate individual clinical expertise with the best available external clinical evidence from systematic research. Many surgeons, however, while considering the ultraliberal world they are practising in, and fearing that the primary goal of managed care in a market environment is reducing cost in order to make profit or decrease spending, remain suspicious of this kind of tentative protocol driven medicine when applied to surgical practice. If surgeons (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  39. L. A. Paul's Transformative Experience.John Campbell - 2015 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 91 (3):787-793.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  40. J. L. A Ustin and Literal Meaning.Nat Hansen - 2014 - European Journal of Philosophy 22 (4):617-632.
    Alice Crary has recently developed a radical reading of J. L. Austin's philosophy of language. The central contention of Crary's reading is that Austin gives convincing reasons to reject the idea that sentences have context-invariant literal meaning. While I am in sympathy with Crary about the continuing importance of Austin's work, and I think Crary's reading is deep and interesting, I do not think literal sentence meaning is one of Austin's targets, and the arguments that Crary attributes to Austin or (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  41. Aspect Causation.L. A. Paul - 2000 - Journal of Philosophy 97 (4):235.
    A theory of the causal relate as aspects or property instances is developed. A supposed problem for transitivity is assessed and then resolved with aspects as the causal relata.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   73 citations  
  42. The Puzzles of Material Constitution.L. A. Paul - 2010 - Philosophy Compass 5 (7):579-590.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   19 citations  
  43.  15
    Treatise of Human Nature.L. A. Selby-Bigge (ed.) - 1978 - Oxford University Press.
    David Hume's Treatise of Human Nature, composed before the author was twenty-eight years old, was published in 1739 and 1740. In revising the late L.A. Selby-Bigge's edition of Hume's Treatise Professor Nidditch corrected verbal errors and took account of Hume's manuscript amendments. He also supplied the text of theof the Treatise following the original 1740 edition and provided an apparatus of variant readings.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   132 citations  
  44.  1
    "An Economic Querist" by G. L. S. Shackle. [REVIEW]L. A. Boland - 1976 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 6 (1):93.
  45. First Personal Modes of Presentation and the Structure of Empathy.L. A. Paul - 2017 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 60 (3):189-207.
    I argue that we can understand the de se by employing the subjective mode of presentation or, if one’s ontology permits it, by defending an abundant ontology of perspectival personal properties or facts. I do this in the context of a discussion of Cappelen and Dever’s recent criticisms of the de se. Then, I discuss the distinctive role of the first personal perspective in discussions about empathy, rational deference, and self-understanding, and develop a way to frame the problem of lacking (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   13 citations  
  46.  75
    Transformative Treatments.L. A. Paul & Kieran Healy - 2017 - Noûs:320-335.
    Contemporary social-scientific research seeks to identify specific causal mechanisms for outcomes of theoretical interest. Experiments that randomize populations to treatment and control conditions are the “gold standard” for causal inference. We identify, describe, and analyze the problem posed by transformative treatments. Such treatments radically change treated individuals in a way that creates a mismatch in populations, but this mismatch is not empirically detectable at the level of counterfactual dependence. In such cases, the identification of causal pathways is underdetermined in a (...)
    Direct download (11 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  47.  30
    A New Gellius Franco Cavazza: Aulo Gellio, Le Notti attiche, libri I–III. Introduzione, testo latino, traduzione e note. (Prosatori di Roma.) Pp. 456. Bologna: Zanichelli, 1985. L. 17,500. [REVIEW]L. A. Holford-Strevens - 1987 - The Classical Review 37 (1):36-39.
    Direct download (3 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  48. Blanché , L'axiomatique. [REVIEW]L. A. L. A. - 1956 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 146:404.
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  49. Grenier , L'esprit du Tao. [REVIEW]L. A. L. A. - 1959 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 149:240.
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  50.  23
    Horace, Epitres; Texte Établi Et Traduit Par François Villeneuve,. Professeur À la Faculté des Lettres de l'Université de Montpellier. (Collection des Universités de France.) Pp. 252, Including an Index Nominum Quae Horati Omnibus in Operibus Inveniuntur. Paris: 'Les Belles Lettres,' 1934. Paper, 25 Fr. [REVIEW]L. A. MacKay - 1935 - The Classical Review 49 (04):155-.
1 — 50 / 1000